Dubcek Seen As Symbol Of His Nation's Attempt To Revise Communism their original program. Soviet pressure forced them to cut it back: by the time Duhcek was ousted, almost nothing remained. But as long as he and other reform leaders remained in power, they kept alive the hope that the reforms might resume sometime in the future. PAYOFF Meanwhile, the Soviets had been boosting the pro-Moscow faction of the Czechoslovak Communist party. Thursday's Central Committee vote was the pro-Moscow faction, tracked by new Soviet pressure following anti-Soviet riots at the end of March, voted Dubcek out of the top job. He remains on the ruling Presidium but is likely to have little influence. Editor's Note: Peter Rehak leaders had been reopened The Associated Press save as much as office in Prague in May 1968 after the reform wave brought Alexander Duhcek to power. He covered the progress made toward democracy in the next three months and then sent out the first bulletin that told the world of the Soviet invasion on the night of Aug. 20. He is now in the United Stales to receive the Overseas Press Club's 1969 George Polk Memorial Award for his reporting "before, during and after the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia.' An AP News Analysis payoff. By PETER REHAK The NEW YORK (AP) - Alexander Duhcek. a 47-year-old Slovak with a long nose and a shy smile was not the instigalor of Czechoslovakia's attempt to find its own form of communism. But he became the symbol. His ouster from the party chieftainship marks the official end of Prague's efforts to inject Western democratic ideas into a Communist society. Tiie movement had been more hope than deed since the Soviet Union sent tanks and troops to crush it nearly eight months ago. Dubcek's ouster means that even the hope is gone. RISE TO POWER Dubcok rode to power on a wave of popular demand for reform, mostly economic, and replaced old-line Stalinist Antonin Novotny as party chief in Janu ary 1068. The fall of Novotny. long symbol of oppression, stimulated demands for political reforms and more freedoms. Dub rrk and his associates heeded tile call and enjoyed a popularity that was perhaps unique in the Soviet bloc. Duhcek and the people around him tried to adapt communism to the liberal and democratic traditions of their country. This meant a free press and open criticism of the system coupled with economic reforms. In the climate created by this, the reform leadership hoped the country would prosper while keeping a Communist government. Moscow didn't see it that way and feared that Czechoslovakia was drifting towards the West. Time and again the Kremlin leaders tried to persuade Dub- cek and his associates to abandon their course and restore traditional communism. TROOPS MOVE IN When persuasion failed, the! Russians moved in with tanks and troops. Dubcek and other top leaders were arrested Aug. 21, the first day of the invasion, and taken to the Soviet Union. The occupiers tried to getj President Ludvik Svoboda to endorse a government and party leadership that would be loyal to Moscow. Backed by the passive resistance nf his nation, he refused and flew to Moscow to negotiate with the Kremlin chiefs. Dubcek and others under arrest were released to .loin him. They returned to their jobs but had to agree to a Soviet occupation. Since then, the Czechoslovak fighting possible Several Will Speak At Site Of SEFOR It is probable that a member of the Atomic Energy Commission, a representative o: the German Embassy in Washington, and a member of the United States Congress will be present May 7 at dedication ceremonies of the Southwest Experimental Fast Oxide Re actor (SEFOR) facilities south west of Fayetteville. A representative of the South western Electric Power Com pany. one of the sponsors for the research program, said de tails have not been completed but that the 11 a.m., service will include short speeches by several persons. SEFOR is sponsored by the Southwest Atomic Energy Com mission, the General Electric Company, and Gesellschaft fur Kernforschung m.b.h. of Ger many. Following the 11 a.m. program at the facility, a tour of SEFOR will be made and a luncheon will he served at the site. Today In Washington WASHINGTON (AP) - Viola tions of the law in campus dis sent must be dealt with by po- ice. but universities are obligated to try to deal with demon strations before that stage is reached, the heads of 21 top American colleges say. The American Council on Education disclosed Thursday that Lhe educators met secretly in Chicago over the Easter weekend to draw up a denunciation of disruptive campus demonstrators. A council spokesman said the 1.400-word paper, entitled "A Declaration on Campus Unrest." will be distributed to 1,538 member colleges. The paper calls campus demonstrations "spectacular events precipitated by ... extremists, 1 ' and says they should not be allowed to obscure the accomplishments of students, faculty and administrators. It warns that efforts to deal with demonstrations "through special, punitive legislation will almost certainly be counter productive." REACH AGREEMENT WASHINGTON (AP) - Pan American Airways and the AFL-CIO Transport Worker tin ion have reached tentative agreement only a short time he fore a strike deadline, the Na tional Mediation Board an nounced. Details of the agreement were withheld until it is submitted for ratification by the union's 15.000 members. The union was seek ing 30 cents an hour in wage in creases over three years. The agreement was an nounced shortly before the mid night Tsursday strike deadline The deadline was extended 2' hours the night before. .. CENSUS QUESTIONS WASHINGTON (AP) - Some 1970 census questions abou shared kitchen' and bathroorr facilities have been ordered re worded. Secretary of Commero Maurice H. Stans says. The changes are being made "to remove any implication tha the government is interested it knowing with whom these facili ties may be shared." Stans saic in a letter to all members of the House and Senate. Buffalo River's Potential As National Stream Seen WASHINGTON (AP) - The National Park Service, in a report to be released Sunday, envisions the Buffalo River as a national stream that could produce $92 million in tourist spend- ng in five years. Rep. John Paul Hammerschmidt. R-Ark.. announced today in Washington that the NPS report would be released Sunday. He also revealed some of Lhe details in it. The report said the Buffalo is one of the nation's last signi- iican potential n a t i o n a l streams, and. with development, could attract 1,700.000 visitors annually. The figures are projections based in part on the NPS' assumption that the national stream designation would include a 132-mile segment of the Buffalo. JASPER TO YELLVILLE That segment reaches from about 15 miles west of Jasper to 15 miles east of Yellville. That involves mainly Newton and Searey counties, but also parts of Baxter and Marion counties. The NPS report also envisions that land along the projected national stream would become part of the national stream property in widths of one half mile to four miles. The total amount of land involved would be 95,730 acres, the report said. Hammerschmidt said he would introduce legislation to obtain national river designation for the stream to preserve it in its free-flowing state. The projected area includes two Arkansas state parks. It foresees location of a major visitor center at Silver Hill near U.S. 65 and secondary centers at Prewitt on Arkansas 7 and at the Buffalo River State Park. UA STUDY Quoting from a University of Arkansas study on the potential impact of a five-year program to development the Buffalo into full operation as a national stream. Hammerschmidt said: -- Tourist spending could amount to more than $92 million during the five - year period, claiming to an annual plateau of $34 million. --The NPS expenditure would be about $9 million for land acquisition, plus $9 million for con struction, maintenance and personnel. - Private investments of an- other $5 million is anticipated [o build and improve tourist accommodations nearby for lodging, fishing, boating, bathing, food services and in on. -Tne generation of 3.500 new jobs could be expected, in ad- Soviet Increase hi Naval Power Worries Rivero NAPLKS, Italy (Ai'J - The commander of NATO forces in Southern Europe said today that | ArkanMt TIMfS, Frffcy. April It, 1M* Â· 7 Rivero said Soviet naval combat strength in the area-is "at an all time high." HÂ« noted that SO or more Soviet ships are now operating in the Mediterranean. and that there were more than 60 li.st-September. SMITH'S an increase in Soviet I'Hl strength in the Mediterranean in the past week, including the addition nf more submarines. dition to some $17 m i l l i o n i n ! l l l l s created "a real problem' added personal income in thei' 0 1 ' " lc Korlh Atlantic Treaty area. | Organization. NO DISPLACEMENT | U.S. Adm. Horacin U i v e r n ! Hammersclimidt's bill would!told a news conference t h a i t h e ! emphasize t h a t the rights of Soviet Union "may be preparing those who live along the river to cunducl a major exercise' in will be Riven favorable treat-! the Mediterranean. He said the ment by such a program, he|Soviet ships undoubtedly w i l l said. It would give them time to buy property to which they could move if the program claimed their land, although most families would never be displaced, and most could remain for up to 25 years even if the land were deemed essential to the program. Sens. .1. W. Kulbrighl. D Ark., and John L. Mctlellan. D Ark., also have introduced measures to m a k e the Buffalo a national stream. observe the big NATO sea and air maneuvers that get under way Sunday. OPENING SOON Ye Old Discount Dress Shoppe Top Name Not Brand Fashions Seconds" At First Stoplight in Springdate Coming From Fayettevilla Turn left--Four Blocks (Hwy. 68) Specialists Study Pueblo Testimony HONOLULU ( A P ) -- DozensJ of Navy specialists are slill p o r - j j ing over the 20 volumes of testi mony piled up during the long,] court of inquiry into the USS Pueblo seizure, the Navy says. A Navy spokesman says an official finding will not be issued for several days, despite a radio news report in California t h a t the verdict had been reached. "Looking over all this takes time." The spokesman at the U.S. Pacific Fleet headquarters | here said Thursday. "We will warn the news media well in a vance of an announcement." K F W B . a Wcstinghousc broadcasting station in Los Angeles, reported Monday t h a t the Navy had cleared Cmdr. 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