AMERICAN °WR BOARDING HOUSE TOUR DESCRIBED Installment '•"Jot / V THE ALTOONA MtKSOB-jATUHBAY, MAY »l, Jtl'j SWBtli AfdMlCftn tour recently y Several loeM wsM- DR. E. K. NEFF. . tens cnir next stop on Feb. M, We enter the port at 6 n. m., an- ; ng far out in the bay. landing in ; boats. These small South Amer- Ififcfc t»rt* M* fu " ot Interest and ftttttetltnes thrilling. The night before WW guides or directors arc nsked numerous questions, intelligent or other- 1rt»e, mostly the latter, as to the day's aestlny. MollerfSo, as we learn, is the rough- j BSt landing place on the west const. As j We go up on deck we hear the jabber- Ing voices of the natives awaiting to Wu their wares and others soliciting trade for the different boats to transfer v* to land. fhe customary routine of inspection goes on by the dark hued officials. Feeling as Important as their uniforms can make them. After a hurried break- tMt, we pass down the long and shaky gangway to a waiting motor launch. Usually when you go to step on with a native at either side and a strong grasp of your hands or arms, tho ship lists badly and the motor boat is anywhere but there. Finally, after waiting for some time, they come close enough and one jumps, often to fall into the arms of a waiting native or fellow passenger— It makes no difference •Which— for you have gladly and safely accomplished your purpose. We ride high on the waves, bobbing in and out among the buoys, the largest ever «een, and boats of all sorts, some of very ancient design. Birds of different kinds keep flying around and over US. while an airship, the first seen, kept gliding gracefully over the bay. Finally we arrive at the wharf, where there is a stone wall rather high from the water, and an engine with a derrick is above us, and in a few minutes a strong, clumsy wooden chair, braced by immense hemp ropes, a warning to be aware, is lowered to the bottom of our boat, when the first lady takes her seat, and on heavy rungs underneath four men stand and cling tenaciously to the ropes. The engine is started and we are swung high into thet air and to the landing, adding another thrill, especially to our nervous travelers. 1 Our cruise consisted of tourists traveling with the American Express, Cooks and the Grace line, as well as Independents. Here the members of > the Cook party and some of the Independents leave the ship for Cuzco, the capital of Bolivia, and where for centuries famous writers and historians have been describing the historical wonders, which was once the heart of Inca and pre-Inca civilization. We were fortunate in having some of the heirs of the Incas pointed out to us while in Lima. They were very dark in complexion, and of dwarf stature, black hair, prominent cheek bones, a sloping forehead, glistening eyes, small nose, somewhat turned up and flat. In many ways he reminds us of a small American Indian, or rather a Mexican. He seemed apparently dull and rather listless, taking little notice of those who were looking him over. From Prescott — "Inca history seems to "begin about 400 years before the arrival of the Spaniards. It was then, according to legend, that Manco Coapac came out of Lake Litacaca with his sister (who was also his wife) Mamadella. To him the Sun God, originator of all creation, gave a staff, bidding him travel and sink the staff In the ground from time to time, and when it disappeared in the earth to build a city." I The allegory is quite obvious ; In these words Manco was bidden to start his capital where the land was most fertile, and he found it so in the center of the Cuzco valley. The fiction of Manco Coapac and his , sister- wife was devised no doubt at a latetr period to gratify the vanity of the Peruvian monarchs and to give additional sanction to their authority by deriving it from a celestial origin, but anyhow that's the yarn, and someone did build Cuzco. i It may have been before, for throughout Peru and Bolivia are the ruins of extensive cities that long antedate the Incus. The Incas, however, established their authority over the immediate locality with a complete system of com- rnunal government that spread — expended by force when necessary, but as a rule by peaceful persuasion, until ihey controlled all the Andean territory from the middle of Ecuador down to the middle of Chile. Their government was a mild but most complete despotism. The term Inca, it should be noted, applied properly only to the great chiefs, or those of royal blood, and not to the commoners. On the whole, although quite contrary to Republican or Democratic ideals, the system seems to have been a success. The great empire was divided into four provinces, each under a sort of viceroy or governor. The court system was elaborate; blasphemy against the Sun and malediction of the Incas was the roost heinous crime; yet justice in general was its foundation. All property in the realm was held in communistic ownership; money was a thing unknown; all products of labor were carefully divided, one-third to the Incas (which meant government), one- third to the producers (which meant common people), and one-third to thu Sun (which meant the church). All due allowance was made for the relative fertility or barrenness of one region or another, plots assayed and redivided each year among the workers apparently with such fairness that loyalty to the empire was universal and dissatisfied revolutionists practically unknown. The Incas accomplished much under their rulership. Llamas were domc-stl- -PICK <"f UP -• • rf OUT"/ COMg ALOM6 AfJ'~TVIlfJK "THIS < > v* _-** i * «- J *'jn—*.-f /vp ~rM* IMPOSSIBLE MOR& LIFE A IP/AM A OF pirftV .' [.r^^fflSpj^^^^K r^i^ ^- p MOLE -23jsifcow£s_^?_ 2i^i RN MEMORIAL SERVICE HELD IN BELLWOOD FOSTER'S WEATHER CHART 2| 3| 4| 5| 6 7 8 9 •I- *!* •I•I- Temperature for Month of June, 1930. 12 1314 15T617|18 192021|222324|25262728|Z9|ad|3ir •I- • •• ,i..i..i .i..| ( .|..|..|. •i-,- •I- •!••!• , * *|*|*|*|*l*|*l*l*l*!*l*l •J- •I•I- •I- Center line of small stars represents normal temperature for the month, while round dots show the predicted variations. WASHINGTON, D. C., May 31.— Cool wave following storm wave of May 28 is expected to continue into first days of June and as the front end of this cool wave crosses continent, a northern cold wave and killing frosts are expected to result. Cropweather Features. From June 9 to 23 is expected to be a period of excellent growing weather and the best cropweather of month. Storm wave of moderate force centering on 5 will be followed by a general cool wave, but temperatures during this cool wave will not be expected to go low enough to do damage excepting to such tender vegetation in the north that light frosts would damage. Moderately severe storms centering on 12, and severe storms centering on 20 will both be expected to cause general warm waves reaching far into the north and be generally favorable to all areas with sufficient moisture. There are now few areas with a shortage of surface moisture, but large areas of north, northwest and southwest are still short on sub-soil moisture. Moderately severe storms expected to center on 27 will be followed by a general cool wave and light to killing frosts in northern spring wheat belt. Precipitation is expected to make a general decrease this month, but north Pacific slope will' average a little above normal precipitation for the month, falling mostly near 4 and 28. South Atlantic, central and east Gulf states will receive sufficient moisture for all purposes this month and in some areas too much for best results. Greatest decrease in precipitation during month will occur in northwest; next greatest decrease in western Great Central valleys. Greatest amounts of precipitation will be expected in central and southern parts of Great Central valleys. Warm waves during June, es- pecially near 20. will be expected to reach higher than usual temperatures over the entire continent. Summer officially starts on June 22 at 3 hours and 54 minutes, Greenwich civil time. As cool waves centering on 24 and 30 move down east side of Rockies, conditions will be favorable for the formation of dangerous local storms in south and cast Great Centi'al valleys. As mentioned before in these bulletins, Jupiter and Saturn are close to their nodes and storms of more than usual force can be expected when they nro approaching or near their nodes; this is especially true under present conditions, when they are near opposition with the sun. Jupiter, sun and earth are in conjunction June 20; Saturn, earth and sun are in conjunction July 1, 1930. Both these coflgura- tions are expected to cause extreme heat waves, and the periods near them should be watched for dangerous storms. Moon phases in the near future occur as follows, given to nearest hour of Greenwich civil time; to change Greenwich civil time to your local standard time, count one hour earlier for each fifteen degrees of longitude you are located west from Greenwich: New moon, May 28, at 6 hours; first quarter, June 3, at 22 hours; full moon, June 11, at 6 hours; last quarter, June 19, at 9 hours; new moon, June 26, at 14 hours; first quarter, July 3, at 4 hours. Serious illness, extending over a period of one month, prevented Ned W. Foster, head of Foster's weather bureau, from preparing his weekly forecasts. However, he has fully recovered from the long siege of illness and is back in the harness, having prepared the above forecast, the first he has made since about the middle of April. cated, the spinning of wool garments became an industry, the mining, smelting and artistic melting of gold and silver was developed. They had a system of writing by quipus (knots) tied in a piece of string. They were poor astronomers, inferior to the Aztecs of Mexico, yet they had divided the year into its twelve lunar months; their irrigation was extensive and they had learned to uso fertilizer, their laws protecting the guano birds of the coast; and their engineering skill had been carried on to a remarkable de- degree. With tools of tin and copper, they cut gigantic rocks and pressed them together in their fortresses and palaces so perfectly that the keenest knife cannot pierce the intersection. The carving and ornamentation which one usually finds in ancient structures like these are notably absent and the few which may be found probably antedate this empire. These Incas were a practical people, building not BO prettily, but most solidly and massively. And thus the eny pire grew. Inca navies controlled Lake Titicaca by tlie same reed balsas or rafts which are seen there today. Military roads extended as far north as Quito, and the wealth of the chiefs, al- though probably never so great as the early Spanish, chroniclers would have one believe, increased at least to impressive proportions until its fame reached even Panama. Then came Pizarro, born of doubtful parentage, in a Spanish province, Francisco Pizarro was left at a monastery door alone at some date in the early 1470's and the monks who picked him up are said to have suckled him by the aid of a sow. He grew to manhood, went to sea and found his way to Panama, where, hearing of a vastly rich nation to the south, he formed a partnership with another soldier of fortune, Diego de Almagro, and a priest named Harna.ndo de Luque. Their first exploratory voyages read like fiction and one must refer to Prescott for the full story. There were storms, mutinies, famines and battle!} with the Indians of the coast. Pizarro found no gold and was loathe to report failure to the governor of Panama Pe- clrarius, who founded that city and who is described as a man of more temper than judgment. Pizarro deliberately marooned himself upon the island of Gorgona and later on the mainland at Esmeraldes. When he drew a line in the sand and said to his crew, to the south He hunger, hardship and death; while on the north lie ease and salvation. It was a case of mutiny; only a few of his men stepped across the line to stick. Almagro went back for reinforcements, and after three years of fruitless efforts the conquest of Peru was continued. At Lumbes, an Inca outpost, Pizarro saw enough gold to confirm the local rumors. He went to Spain and the king appointed him captain to seize the lands which he did not already own. and not only commissioned him but legitimized all his ancestory. Masses were duly said in Panama; banners were consecrated; the sacra- r..ent was administered to each soldier and the expedition set forth in the name of tho Lord to rob and slaughter. Landing at Lumbes, the Spaniards marched Inland to found a headquarters. It so happened that they had chosen a most auspicious time. The Inca empire was momentarily divided, one of the greatest of the Inca chieftains had just died, leaving the hitherto united empire to two different sons—Huascar, the legit- succession and Atahnalpa had just ite son of a favored concubine. There had been a family quarrel about the succession and Atahualpa had just licked Huascar, thus putting Peru under one base and leaving it somewhat weakened from the civil war. Atanalpa, stopping at the baths of Cajamarca to wash off some of the blood stains, invited Pizarro to pay him a visit. Whatever intentions he had are disputable. Possibly he intended to entrap the Spaniard, but felt so confident of victory that he chose temporarily to be corteous. Anyhow, upon their arrival in Cajamarca, the Spaniards were given the whole city, and Atahnalpa came in state, visiting them unarmed, like all his nobles. As Atahnalpa entered the city, a priest approached him with a Bible, demanding that he aceept the God of the Christians. Atahnalpa, amazed at such bad manners, swept the book to the ground. The priest cried, "Lay on, Spaniards—-I absolve you," and the Spaniards, armed and ready, rushed from the surrounding buildings to hack the unarmed nobles to pieces and capture the Inca chief. Thus in half an hour was the conquest of Peru, too often confused with the story of Cortes in Mexico, which Prescott also wrote and where the fighting was most severe. (To Be Continued) PI.AY TO HRKAKING POINT. EPPING, Eng., May 31.—Tho Royal air force and the Epping football teams were playing a match in aid of the Epping hospital funds, and at the end of the ordinary period each team had scored six goals. Extra time was played to decide the match, and in this period one member of each side sustained a broken leg. They were conveyed to the hospital for whose benefit they were playing Epping won by 7 goals to 6. (Special to Altoona Mirror.) BELLWOOD, May 31.—Students and patrons of the Antis township High school assembled in the Martin street building • Thursday morning and paid fitting homage to peace time heroes, living and dead, who are being honored all over the land at this season under auspices of the Woman's International League for Peace and Freedom, state headquarters of which are In Philadelphia. The address of the morning, "A Memorial to Peace," was given by an ex-serviceman, William Robert Fuoss of Tyrone. The service opened with scriptural reading and invocation by the school principal, H. N. Walker. Then came the singing of "America, the Beautiful." Professor N. A. Miller, supervising principal of township schools, explained the character of service. Following the address the school sang "America," and then the audience rose and stood in silence for three minutes—an impressive tribute to the honored dead. In the course of his remarks the speaker spoke feelingly of the late Harry Melvin Rice, son of J. W. Rice of Bellwood, one of the young men who graduated with the class of 1914 and then made the supreme sacrifice during the World's war. The speaker likewise touched of the later tragic death of his mother, likening her to a peace-time hero. "We raise here this morning not a shaft of granite or bronze but a monument of esteem and affection as abiding and enduring as either bronze or granite and eternal through ages to those constructive soldiers of peace time endeavor who have lived and died that our social order may not perish from earth. "We salute these heroic dead who, knowing not bursting shell or roar of cannon, have known, with like mingled emotion, the cares and trials of peaceful conquest and are equally entitled to esteem and gratitude as our heroic dead. May God preserve and make secure for all time the memory of these consecrated lives as they have sought to interpret His will and carry on in peace time as is worthy of the recipients of that choice heritage given us by our forefathers and so manfully and courageously defended in times of strife by our own valiant soldiers living and dead. "The distinction attained by our soldiers living and dead is far too sacred for us to ever forget; equally so the principles for which they fought and died. Even the most skeptical dare not entertain the thought that there is ever the likelihood that we shall forget their names or fame. Their places are secured in the hearts of a grateful people. They died that we might live. "The. commemoration of this day is sacred to every loyal and devout American. It was primarily intended and is still so revered as a day in which we pay tribute to those men who, in 1861-65, gave their lives in a preservation of this union of states. The immortal Lincoln, seeking to interpret the soul sentiment of that momentous hour, asserted it is for us ;he living to here resolve to redcdl- :ate ourselves to that unfinished work ;hey have so nobly begun. "That high resolve made on that Gettysburg field of honor is as bind- ng today as the day it was uttered. That resolve voices the hope, prayer and aspiration of a reunited people; sven we of today. The will to peace is in the heart of a people. It gives expression to the hope of its ultimate :riumph through the conscience of mankind. "The very soul of man cries out against an injustice. From far off Mt. Sinai, back in those ages of long ago, comes a challenge through Mosaic law—'Thou shalt not kill.' Like an approaching storm that gathers momentum that sweeps the hopes and aspirations of men before it tho air is rent with the burning admonition as if imparted from Heaven itself—'Love thy neighbor as thyself.' What has been the response of civilization to these God-given commands? "The attitude assumed as we approach a solution of this or any problem has a direct and specific bearing on the solution of that problem. Our mental reactions have a large determination as to whether we shall succeed. There is something of the psychological in 'a will to peace.' If in joint action we profess mutual regard for tho opinions of others and then ignore the profession of this regard we fail to interpret our mission in its truest light. Failure is inevitable in that event. "The extreme pacifist and the super-patriot are comparable in one respect in that each lacks faith in the IF YOUR Car is equipped with a PurOlator it should be changed every SUCH) miles. We have a Purolator cartridge in stock for every car. American Garage HOU-808 tireen Ave. Dial 2-0311 /CHANCES are that many articles will be \^ lost this week-end . . . and chances are that many of these lost articles will be returned to the owners . . . if an Altoona Mirror Lost ad is put on the trail. Remember, it's the eyes that find lost articles that read the Want Ads. To place a Lost ad just come to the Altoona Mirror office and have an experienced ad-taker help you write your ad. FOR SUMMER N ECKWEAR never had so much color, such good laste. Meal, small patterns are heller than ever; far richer, smarter, more becoming. $1.50 -.A'lM. VUH1--JJ.; ' WEU, WHAT Y<W FttLOW* to HUNT </(> WERE IN (Copyright, 1930, NEA Service, Inc.) There are at least four mistakes In the nbove picture. They may per- tnln to grammar, history, etiquette, drawing or whatnot. See If you cnn flml them. Then look at tho scrambled word below — and unscramble It, by switching the letters around. Grade yourself 20 for each of the mistakes you find, and 20 for the Word If you unscramble It. Monday we'll explain the mistakes und tell you the word. Then you can see how near a hundred you bat. « * * THURSDAY'S CORRECTIONS. (1) Pinto ponies are spotted. (2) One rein should come up oil each side of tho horse's neck Instead of both on one side. (3) The girl has a boot on one fool and a shoe on tho other. (4) The apostrophe In "Sam'l," on the store sign, should precede the L. (3) The scrambled word is INNOVATION. other and refuses to be governed by any process of rationalization as would make themselves servlcable "in an effective solution of this problem— whether wo shall have peace with a reasonable guarantee for the security and well-being of our people, government and institutions as determined and established in our national defense or again revert to war. "Thus we do well to entertain tho suggestions of neither the extreme pacifist or the super-patriot so long as they are swayed by tho emotional rather than the factual; so long as rancor and bias are supplanting thought and fact. We do well to guard against these extremes. Eoter- nal vigilance is the price of liberty. 'Today we rightly do them honor —those great hearts and big minds that beat in perfect unison as side by side they toiled in seeking to make life more to conform with tho model of Christian civilization—the Christ Himself! Some have gone on and beyond—Florence Nightenaglc, that great humanitarian; Steinmetz, that electrical wizard who gave much to our scientific thought and material happiness; Russell Conwcll, that indomitable soldier, scholar and patriot and Booker T. Washington, noted ne- gro educator. 'Not all who walk the earth are privileged to fill the exalted .stations that lead to fume; not all may attain the distinction of a Byrd or Lindbergh or a Bryan, that heroic defender of the Christian faith. Some by choice prefer to remain obscure, having a liking for the quiet and unostentious yet equally effective lives of rearing sons and daughters into a worthy manhood and womanhood of tomorrow; of making and maintaining homes; of doing the things that build character; quicken and deepen moral conscience and ripen the youth for the service of manhood. These, verily so, indeed, are also heroic. "To those valiant soldiers of all walks of life we rejoice tills morning to know America is never unmindful of her heroic dead and her heroic living; we rejoice to know that as Dr. S. Park,es Cadman boat expressed it: This co'untry has yet to engage in an aggressive warfare; that a distinction should be drawn between warn wantonly aggressive and defensive action; that the former are always ferocious and criminal, and the latter very often have been agencies for progress and well-being.' "No liner tribute dare be contemplated, in conclusion, than that o; Colonel Robert G. Ingersoll, great scholar, soldier, statesman and gentleman: 'I have but one sentiment for soldiers' living and soldiers dead— Cheers for the living; tears for the dead.' Well, indeed, may that sentiment apply with equal force this morning to our heroic dead; those who sacrificed even unto death on both the fields of war and peace." NEW BARGAINS Every Day At Cut-Rate Shoe Store 1413 Eleventh Avenue r/,eFROMAR Co. ABSOPURE ELKCTRIU ItUFRUiKRATORS 1716 12th Ave. Altoona, Pa. Phone 3-14611 Clothes on Credit ///LIBERAL 1507-11- AVENUE , NOW READY 1 The 1930 WILSON Line WALL PAPERS Your Paperhangor or Decorator will show these modern papers at your request. II. 'JL. Wilson 1021 Chestnut Ave. MORNIN6STAR Painters Know thai a satisfactory floor varnish must be tough and flexible enough to withstand the constant impact ot heavy heels, the weight of mov ing furniture and abuse ot many kinds. Many ot out oldest customers have '.earned from experience that Liquid Granite measures up to every requirement It stands th« hardest wear Call on us for anything yuu may need in ihe line oj Finishes and Painting Supplies. S. M. GRIFFITH CO. 905 Green Ave. MALI IMI'KK AMI TAINTS 12th Annual Sate Ltifg*g« of every deicrlptlon ' 89c to $29,90 Pocketbcokft for men and wofrtWS 49c to $0.00 Umbrella* for the family 89c " $7.98 KARASEK'S 1409 EleTenth Aveme HEAR ENNA JETTICK MELODIES , Sunday, June 1, 1930 7 P. M. Eastern Standard XlU« 1. Oh, Susannah. 2. Just a Cottage Small. 3. Mandalay. 4. Carry Me Back to Old Virginny. 5. In the Siveet Bye and Bye. Over Stations > WJZ, KDKA and WBZ Say— "They say as how folks who don't watch out for the kind of food they eat, die young or grow cranky in old age. Guess we're so healthy and happy 'cause we've been careful always to get this milk-made MORNINGSTAR'S A Product of Hagerty'a 107 I•'iirietifs Uri-u<l—Cake—Rolls 1402 llth Ave.. Altoona, F*. Beauty Adorns Her Ankles In Bijou "The Jewel of Hosiery" is combined luxurious and lasting beauty. Gossamery sheer Chiffons —perfectly made, with a surprisingly hardy wearing quality. Picot Tops, and decoratively stitched hems. All silk, of course. With Colors by Grison of Paris. $ 1 .95 IJOtl —Main Floor — Over-Night Cases $2.95 Ideal for short trips as hand luggage. Roomy enough for several frocks, yet delightfully compact. Black, Green, Blue, and Tan. —Main Floor — JONAJTON l-iac Eleventh Ave. I'hone 8148.
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