Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on April 18, 1969 · Page 5
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 5

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Friday, April 18, 1969
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Free of Internecine Rivalries Threatened S. Korea Prospers By JOHN RODERICK AiucUted Press Writer SEOUL, Korea (AP) -- Asia ha« three classes of nations--the peaceful, the war-ravaged and the threatened. South Korea has fitfully occupied all three categories since it regained its national identity 24 years ago. It remains among the threatened. The North Korean Communists seek through infiltration, assassination and subversion to win the domination they failed to achieve in war 16 years ago. But thanks to a human dike of 610.000 armed men. the 30 million South Koreans work, play, tear down the old, build the new, quarrel, eat fiery food and generally prosper. The dike was put up as a harrier along the 151-mile demilitarized zone to prevent the North Koreans from repeating their 1950 invasion; its mortar, stones and cement are 560,000 South Koreans and 50,000 American soldiers with a handful from the allies who fought the Korean War. IT WORKS It has worked despite breaching in places, battering in others. The South's determination to fight if pressed too far and its manifest ability to do so--as demonstrated by its two tough divisions in South Vietnam give pause to North Korean Premier Kim Il-sung. American and Korean experts believe he is not foolhardy enough to repeat 1950. Kim Il-sung has resorted to a cheaper weapon subversion. He has sent death squads to t h e very approaches of the Blje · H o u s e in Seoul to attempt the assassination of President C h u n g Hee Park. He lias p u t c o m m a n d d o teams ashore on the east coast to stir up and terrorize the population; he has repeatedly probed the demilitarized zone--particularly the narrow segment held by the Amricans--to keep the pot tailing, to make Washington anxious about its involvement, push South Korea economically off balance. But these tactics have not succeeded. South Korea remains free of the religious, political, military and regional rivalries which softened up Vietnam for Ho Chi Minn. CHALLENGERS MET Thus. though threatened. South Korea is able to preoccupy itself with the challenges and problems of peace. Its citizens are better fed, better dressed, better paid than ever before; skyscrapers. superhighways, satellite towns and factories are rising in and around its major cities; tourism, the lively arts, and sports have brightened corners long dulled by war. Park, the man largely credited with pulling his floundering nation up onto the dry land of economic and political stability, now is the center of a gathering storm. The question is: will he seek a third four-year term in 1971? At 51 he is portrayed by his friends as anxious to continue the projects he has begun. But the constitution bars more than two terms and stands in his way. Park's Democratic Republican party is expected to push for a constitutional amendment this year, submit it to a national referendum before September. PARK'S OPPOSITION The most vociferous of Park's opponents are the opposition New Democrats who hold 4fi seats in the 175-seat National Assembly. Their leader. Dr. Yu Chin-o. a prominent educator, novelist and authority on constitutional law. says; "I think practically the whole nation is against the idea.' Dr. Yu noted that resistance to the constitutional amendment exists within Park's own party. Park's backers recognize that without near-unanimity in the party they could he blocked from getting the needed two- thirds majority in the assembly. The student population has been long active in Korean politics. Students like Syngman Rhce led the Korean independence movement, later spearheaded the drive to oust Rhec himself. They appeal- divided on the Park issue. They are relatively quiet now but could become violent if opposition elo ments whip them up or they believe that a third term cculd lead to a Rhee-type tenure. Meanwhile, the cities arc boiling with activity and good works, thanks to the small group of generals who have become the country's civilian rulers. Hard-headed, impatient, activist, they took over in the 1960s from the democratic- minded, idealist hut fumbling civilians who succeeded Rhee, a patriot who lost touch with reality and wanted to hold onto power too long. Mayor Kim Hyun-ok, 42, a lean, boyish man with an Inner drive which communicates itself to his aides, has torn up and rebuilt Seoul so that it would be unrecognizable to the GIs of 16 years ago. A Park appointee, he was so successful as mayor of Pusan the president moved him to the tired, run-down capital: mayors and governors all over the country have been told to emulate him. When he took over in 1966 the population was 3.9 million; to- Jay it is 4.5 million and growing. But the mayor, nicknamed "Bulldozer Kim.' is not dismayed by this increase. MECCA Looking at the wretchedness of the still-lagging countryside, he sees the city as a mecca for farm boys and girt* who seek advancement as he did years earlier when he left a peasant family to gain his fortune. Deprived of a university education, he went through military academy, rose quickly in the ranks to become a general. Though he believes they must be decentralized, he regards cities as not only livable but desirable, a garden where ideas, culture and imagination can grow. "Life in the county is miserable." he says. "We have to welcome these youths, give them .1 place to live, work and develop." Kim began his face-lift for Seoul with flowers and trees. When he planted them in the new plaza fronting City Hall and along the streets and boulevards, the cynics, told him they would he uprooted by the very people he wanted to help. "I'll keep planting them." he said. "After a while they'll understand." Now the poor and the not-so poor voluntarily tend and water the flowers each day. RIGGER THINGS From flowers, Kim moved to bigger things: a vigorous slum clearance program; erection of model apartments to house the dispossessed; new reservoirs to improve the water supply; overpasses and underpasses for pedestrians; new superhigh ways across and around the city. In the works are even more ambitious projects. One is the creation of a modern residential and government center along the banks of the Han River and on one of its islands, the Yoi-Do. Another envisages an enormous cross tunnel cutting through Nam San (South) Mountain, which sits in the center of Seoul. Skyscrapers are springing up all around town. The old Chosun Hotel has been razed: in its place, behind its old gate, rises a 17-story edifice partly financed by American Airlines. A 40 story building is to be built in front of City Hall. The old has not totally surrcn dered. Despite a proliferation of automobiles, heavy objects still move through the streets on A- Tarns strapped to human backs. PASTIMES But six golf courses have sprung up to accommodate the hordes who want to know what pleasures this game held for the ^resident, who succumbed recently to its allure. Mountain climbing and skiing are national sastimes; soccer leads the spec- ;ator sports, and the hegira to the hot springs is an expanding one. In the cities, the old baths or insens have been supplemented by massive new ones. In one, said to be the largest in Asia, a lazy guest need hardly lift a finger as attendants wash, massage and groom him. Afterward, in the enormous mercan tile block built by one of the new young millionaires. 40-yearolc Sam Pung, the cleansed citizen can patronize a supermarket cat in Chinese restaurants, go to sleep in new, luxury apartments. Outside Seoul, more and more Koreans seek a thrill at Walker Hill, the resort built originally to siphon dollars from American soldiers. Now its gambling halls, tennis courts, bowling alleys, restaurants, curio shops cabarets and bars swarm with Koreans with money to spend. POVERTY EXISTS Poverty still exists; the countryside is far behind the metro pplitan areas but has been as signed priorities f o r develop ment. Corruption is nowhere near wiped out--782 public scr vants were picked up in the past three months, 265 detained on corruption charges. But South Korea today is one of the pacesetters of Asia: is gross national product last year was up 11.7 per cent over 196" and it is expected to increase 1! per cent this year. The Unitec States will end grant aid in 1972 One of the reasons for the prosperity was Park's willing ness to make peace with Japan the old colonial power. Since the establishment of normal diplo matic relations in 1966, Japan's commercial and governmen loans have reached nearly $39C million. Trade between the two nations has burgeoned but is no healthily two - way -- import from Japan exceed Korea's EX ports to that country by 5 to 1 And while international loan have been a boon, many are be ginning to worry about the daj of reckoning, which will comi soon, perhaps by 1971. (MM. u.i wf«rMM tuutu^IMA Named Planner LONG BEACH, Calif. (AP) -- Jacques-Yves Cousteau, the underwater explorer, has been named chief designer planner 'or the Museum nf the Sea in Thirty Day Outlook Near normal temperatures and a hove normal precipitation are expected for the next 30 days in Arkansas, ac- cording In Ihrsc maps hasrri on information supplied hy the U.S. Weather Bureau. Eight States Send Buyers Campbell-Bell Production Sale Held At Hwy. 45 Farm Eight different states were represented by buyers at the Sixth A n n u a l Campbell-Bell Farms production sale at the farm east of Fayetteville on Highway 45 April 14. Nineteen of the buyers had never bought before at this annual event, and 15 report buyers were recorded. Clint Walden of Campbell-Bell Farms said it was a highly ford sale w i t h llic average sales price of $771 lopping the $711 of last year .It stands at present as the eighth sale in the nation judged by individual averages. A three-year-old. CBH Blanch crend 4, was top selling animal, bringing $1.715 and going to Charlie Moore of Dyersburg, Tenn. He is a national director of the Polled Hereford Association. Second high priced cow went for $1.450 to W. R. Sullivan of Louisiana. Top selling hull was purchased by Marion Crank of Foreman for $1.610. Campbell- Bell Farms will retain half interest and show the animal this ASNE Directors Elected At Meet WASHINGTON (API -- The American Society of Newspaper Editors has elected members to its board of directors. Nearing the end of its annual convention here, the society chose for three-year terms on its hoard John Colburn of the Wichita Eagle Beacon, Arthur C Deck of the Salt Lake Tribune, Paul Neville of the Buffalo Evening News. Ncwbold Noyes ,Ir of the Washington Star and Eugene Patterson of the Washington Post. Elected In a two year term on the board was Howard C. Clearinger of the Spokane Daily Chronicle, while Howard II. Hayes of the Riverside ( C a l i f ) Press Enterprise and Brady Black of the Cincinnati Enquirer were chosen for one-year terms. FAT OVERWEIGHT AvnlluHr In you without .1 ilor- tor'n prcm-rlntlon. our prerliu-l cnllcd Orlrinrx. You mil*! low nclv fflt or vour monry nfu-lc. Orl- rlnex In » t i n y tnhlcl nnd M«lly Mvullnwrri. «rt rid of (*-·** fjt ·nd liv* lotiRi-r. Odrlni-x cmls won ·nil « new. lore" n-onomy »lw for SSOO Both nrr sold w i t h thu IPiiirimtM. If "" Ml lulled f" »n.v rwwon, Jiwl return thr p.irk.mr li- vour druKBlut nnd ([ft your (ill moncv bncV No niirvlon* nuked rwrln'ox Is »old with ihi* cinirnn DRUG » « - witr PILLCD -- ADD tAhlt TAX « M. VeM P01TAOI. Ariwmm TIMIS, Frifey, April II, IN* · ARKAMIA* the retired Cunard liner Queen Mary.' The liner is now owned by the City of Long Beach, but the oceanographic museum will he financed by the nonprofit California Museum Corp. swift's n\ BtoekIL Loaded. PM fury III t-Door FOIM Hudlo* Our best selling options on our most popular Plymouth. spring. Waldon saiil seven of the best known breeders of Polled Hrre- fords in the country attended the sale, and three others were represented hy order buyers. Paul Keller of Harrison wits the largest volume buyer. Ink ing eight lots. States represented were Ar kansas, Missouri. Oklahoma Kansas. Tennessee. Mississippi. Louisiana and Minnesota. Fifty lots of pedigreed animals Were offered and sold -eight bulls and 42 females. Named To Leads ROME (AP) - Marccllo Mastroianni and Faye Dunaway have been named to leading roles in a movie portraying the life of the operatic composer Giacomo Puccini. The Italian actor and Miss Dunaway were recently partners in Vittori o De Sica'f "Amanti"--"Lovers." Ttu*e-sp«ed TerqueFHtt Vlnyt roof cover In your choice of black, Powt r ttMflng automatic transmission B rfl en, whit*, bronzt or mock turtle it a reduced price. Plymouth Unbeatables put on the big stuff..., anfltft* town. CHRYSLER Phillips Motor Company, Inc. 620-628 North College Ave. Foyettevillc, Arkansas For Our 4th Annual SPRING SALE SPECIAL PURCHASE Mink Trimmed SUEDE COATS only $£(·90 W Req. $95.00 Buy Now and Layaway and be ready with a great new Coat for Fall. Small Deposit Will Hold in Layaway BE SURE TO SHOP EVERY DEPARTMENT THROUGH OUT THE STORE SATURDAY AND SAVE DURING 4th ANNUAL SPRING SALE SAVE ON SPORTSWEAR DRESSES- LINGERIE - ACCESSORIES y \7 *=' -^=- ir- ^*^^l! (iKiSr HAVE YOU JOINED f MclLROY'S CHINA CLUB You Will Receive A Free 4 Piece Setting \ Of Beautiful Seville China With . . . II * Each New Savings Account of $25 or More ' · Adding $25 or More to Your Present Account * The Purchase of A Certificate of Deposit ($100.00 or More) With each additional $25 or more added to your savings, or with the purchase of another certificate of deposit, you may purchase a 4-piccc place I setting for only $2.95. Open stock units also available. (One free gift per ' family, please.) - STOP BY - \ th« Main Bank or ciither Drive-In Bank and »·· our DUplayi of thii Fin* Chinal

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