The Daily Free Press from Carbondale, Illinois on February 10, 1920 · Page 4
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The Daily Free Press from Carbondale, Illinois · Page 4

Carbondale, Illinois
Issue Date:
Tuesday, February 10, 1920
Page 4
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SOME FACTS AND FANCIES ABOUT THE PHILIPPINES There Has Been Much Misrepresentation in America About People and Conditions. THE DAILY FREE PRESS BAPS Attorney General palmer ; Justifies Raids on Radicals. M^* * ,f *" CaBO ^"ncheon Free Speech 'Should. Not. Be, Permitted to En. courage Revolt. S^^'-^vocacy of .By MAXIMO M. KALAW, Secretary of the Philippine Mission. A certain ladj at the St. Louis .Exposition saw at -a ballroom' a brown complex- toned man In faultless evening dress "' nd. iccpsted. him ./ith the inquiry, I'"I suppose you are " Japanese, sir?" --The- -man addressed replied, "No," madam;" "Then you must . _ be Chinese," she Maximo M. Kalaw. ***%' , ••- -"No, I am not I «m a Filipino," he replied. "How's that?" asked the lady. "1 nought they were all savages living in the woods." "Well, I'U tell you how 1 came here," he said. "A month before 1 left' the jPhiUpplnes I was living in the woods, (but the American Governor decided to catch as many wild men as possible, train them and send them over here, So -here 1 am, just as you .see." And the : St. Louis lady actually believed him. I /That is what yon would call fancies labout 'the Philippines. The ..fact la, (however, that the 11,000,000 Filipinos jand their ancestors have" been civilized ,and Christians,for 300 years; that the 'non-Christian, population, according to jthe'cerisus'ori91S,"is only 500,000, and ; even these are not all uncivilized. j Another fancy Is that not until the Doming of the Americans were school ifeuildings seen in "the Islands, roads .built, or substantial houses erected. |Do yon know that for hundreds of jyeers the Filipinos have had colleges ,and schools and that the University of Santo Tomas is only twenty-five .years older than Harvard? That as early as 1S66, out of. a population of 4,000,000 people.-there-were 841 schools for boys and 833 for girls? That in 1892, eight years before the coining of the Amerl. cans, there were 2,137 schopls? "To grant self-government -to Luzon . under Aguinaldo would be like grant- Irig self-government to an Apache reservation under some local chief." Thus •poke a former President of the United ' States during .the Filipino-American war. Exaggeration-could be an excuse at a time when the dignity of the Am- jerican people demanded the extinction of Filipino opposition, but do you know that the Philippine Republic, before the American occupation of the Islands bad^the approval of prominent Americans who were on the spot—like John Barrett, Director of the Pan-American Union, who compared it favorably with I the Japanese government? That Ad- ' -rnira] Dewey considered the Filipinos . 'better fitted for self-government than the.Cubans? That they had drafted a - constitution at Malaios which elicited the approval of distinguished Republicans like the late Senator George F Hoar? That before the coming of the' Americans they nad produced national heroes-like.-the martyred Jose Rizal ^pronounced by a Republican congress^ man,. Representative Cooper, as the -coblest victim ..that hqa ever .fallen into the clutches of tyranny?" And do yon know that the Filipinos have not had lor hundreds, otyears any e*ste'Bystemi;bl6oddlstinctlpn'.'pr royal, ^-fe^^^ana. tia^,nnllkie l ;the:ir oriental -. lusters,\they arffihe pnly'Christian peo.« * pie In the orjeott -"f^rftf&F'Syi^v^r ' I : People have ptem^sm-Tlgnoraiit ^mass of Filipinos, illiterate,,, poor, llv- Ing a life of servitude for a few wealthy; tend owners/ana. Jpreigners, -T«l&'B.°;'house S pr" farms 'or "property . of their _owfl.-'. Dp ytfu 1 -kn'pV that 70 per, cent: of the pepple above ten years J5>J »ce can read and write 'and that this Percentage ;pf literacy, is almost as : high "S:'S°ffl.e-Oj;_a.e .states, ^pf the Union? _• TJagt It IB higher than to any country of South America, higher than the lit• eracy of the Spanish: people,, and unquestionably-above that of any of the new countries recognized In Europe? Do you know that there are a million and a half farms in : the Philippines and that 9C per cent, of these farms are owned by Filipinos. .In other words, that'out of-the 11,000,000 Christian Filipinos, 8,000,000 of them at least live on their own farms, with houses of their own, independent of any absentee landlord or foreign master? That 91 ;per cent.of the urban property con- .jsisting of houses and'lands is owned •joy the natives of the Philippines, and ionly 9"per cent, is in' the bands of for- jeigners? let tliese are facts cabled by . jAeting Governor^ Charles Emmett Yea- Iter to the War Department from the jrer-ent census estimates. I Having solemnly promised the Fill- ipirjos their independence and having \sone before the world as the champion i iof self-determination, the Filipino peo-1 jple 'cannot understand how. America'! jean consistently refuse to make good' jtliese' promises. ICLIMATE OF THE PHILIPPINES. The, Philippine Islands. have a. mlld- - )ly ; tropical .cliinate. The., nights are i cool and snn^trokes are nnkno^Ti. The I tehiperatnre, record for the past .thirty J[ears shows an average of 80 decrees. "• "-i iiddre'ssfbefore tlie'Chi- cago Association'.of •Comfnerce' ,i nThe > ttorn ^ 1 seneraKideclhred freedom of speech', becomes'license nnrt should be checked for the s" ftu of a\ the p e opi e , ^. Kerf it # ^. ^ .^ ^ ers on to crime and,bloodshed •_ "It is perfectlylnroper," he declared' fora man to rise "on a soap bo x pi'" i. ennsylvania avenue and: say that he believes that the congress of the Unit? d S tn * e . s °«Sht.t.oJte-nboUshed.^ He is perfectly within his rights as . snail Tj e accomplshedin-TEe ,P>ethods -devised by : be fabi e f svi ."for the, accomplishment-of 'all' 1 reforirisi' : ; ? .,But: when; he ••stands -'on 'fine street Corner, and -say^V. 'I:*ro PO -se %., a 'b61- .^*ae /: con S rcss : -pf the. United' States and I arn going itp i; .today; j am Eolng down Jo Jhe/ Capitol. and 'lay a bomb : under .;the,-hpnse Vi representa- heaven -af 6 f e : - COD .^^n itp.-high w ^ 6 iS ™ 0!isi *S tl»e-dead nnfl h ' \ ' an ^ nem y tp.-the .country, and he. ought to be .tried .as such. ' ' f.° no / me »» to ^give tlie'impres- that .there. Is 'any iserious, danger eric Our. people We spund iand ' " overa- r— revolutionary S^rii^ COEhb1tt -nofigH*; -sit idly by.allowing-the-mistaken ig- omn.tiieeUng; O f «ies^eo. '{ffi«bhd,ltio>'where ;; it wlll^e 'n real lace'Hb p.iir .happiness and, to th'e welfare of.tfle country.-; ' ; .'• "?' he re are 60,000 members of the ?^H-v- 1S ^' 5art3 ' - iki -America, A ll of* them .Thaving; signed a written'" pledge' ngrefemg-to stand by the manifestb of the international, which openly advp- cates the capture .of-the-American gov- ^^ "Uj-.loroSi ' TnGrG'^fljrs IDOITB ttan that number-of members oC the eommuuisULabo^party.-who: advocate ^e^ame L fQrcIble doctrine. They want ,to tninsplarit lo 'pur. nappy , Amencai 'shores .'the ; :unutterab!e--ch l ffPs ''of^'iini' .happy^Russia? .Will ; iybu,'as;Americans ilet.them do ' ' T think : uot." .' .,f MINISTER REGORD 'Declares: He Will-Not J Lend. Hand ;in ;. Execution 'of : Allied; •Extradition!'',' ' Demand. . : ', Berlin, AFeb. Ip.V-S^riister;; of -p e tense n Noske' told :,tiie', SpreTgn, .cprre- Bpondents "here." that .'riot • only ' wou'lff-ne' "" . . H n . a %,no 7 circu instances "lend" a hand in tlje execution oifpthe aliied-'extraditfph demnna.^but that he would : riot .forb'ia denioh'stratlous/ protesting- a;\ilnst the demand/ - '. .. .' .;',,.: :,:. ,..-.-'' • '. , SIGNS SPITZBER(3EN: United t, .States .Ambassador Attache* . • Signature to , Treaty Benefiting Norway. '. . . ' ' _ _ • • i • .- ••' Paris, Feb. 10.— The treaty by Boy«Eeignty,byer;the'Spitzb.ergen . pelago- js^given : tp NorAvay,.-was signed ; In the Clpck hall of the foreign ministry. ,Hugh,_e., -Wallace, .the American ambassadbr"tb France; signed the treaty for the United' 1 States. :• -' IJIAN WRECKS: TRAIN; t- Ten 'Others Injured; When nc . fie'dc Person '.Turfis-.SwitcHL 800 Yards Ahead" of ' Engine.'' ' : ,• Fort iVorlh, Tex.,. Feb.:..loXDellb- erate Intent 'to .wrecli a^ Texas & Pa, cific passenger 'train/ -by! tli'rowing> n switch is-charged: by Newton Smith of ;?Fbrt ;Wprth,: eligineer : pf the : 'tniln, w.hlch was wrecked \near' Ranger ,Tex..: .One 'man was': killed and' : .teh' injured,' -According ;.;t» : , Smith,-, he; saW; a white man turn a' switch about' 800 yards ahead of ; the train. : Emergency brakes were appUei bufc the engine crashed into several batfage cars; on the eldlnB and, ipur bbachea were de"'"' ' EMPTIES BEER/ INTO SEWERSf Twenty-Two Hundred: : Barrels, Valued at $15,000, Runs Into the Mississippi. Wlnona, Minn., Feb; 10.— Twenty- wt> hundred barrels of,4 per cent beer valued at $15,000, was emptied Into the ewers leading to the Mississippi river lere., The beverage was the property f the: -Park Brewing 6'ompany.i ' '• QUMLYJEIEVED Keep Sloan's, iiie World's Lihi- ment.h-jndv to allay aches HOUSANDS of men.and women, 1L .. when the/: lc,-i?t;. little 'rheumatic , , •:>-,. cri =\ '.assaus thbm, -have Sloa'nV P^!"f ^? n . d y, to knock it out. popular a third of a century aeo —Jar . more popular today. •'. > • . ' ' bec S u »e >t tV so wonderfully : relieving^ exteraal achel, s— sciatica, lumbago, neural- i overrtramed mu»cl«, .tiff joint^ A liitle 2 Keepit ban Sloan's it m e rv "A should wpiny " Let 'er blow! An ,exqiting yarn, a good fire, the "satisfy smote*', and you're fixed for the evening. From the time you light up 'til that ast, fragrant puff-Chesterfields satisfy! V ' It's that can't-be-copied Chester- aeld blend that does it! This exclusive blend brings out hidden flavor and new taste-delights that give to Chesterfields a "s0#s.#>/«£"quatity all their own. i And Chesterfields always reach you in prime shape for smoking, because every separate package is wrapped in moisture-proof, glassine paper.* *'An extra precaution , that keepi the flavor in and tfu tieatker':oui. ' '•• •' LAURA E.SWARTZ 08TEOPATH1C PHY»ICIAH Chronic ' " «j>«,|.rty Offloe In Lauder-Nlehol. •Idf. W. W. HAMILTON ',-' "Coal'-'and Ice MACKEY COAL" OFFICE Phone 204 ECONOMY COAL 1ARB J. B..WOODS, «>RO». Washed Nut, Egg and Lums • . ;. -.-;....-Phone 149 K. HENRY BAIN TRAN8F.ktn GET OUR'PRICES Phone 342 K H.O. HALL&CO. FEED^COAL AND POULTRY SUPPLIES ' Phone 233 W. A. BkANDOK, M. D. GENERAL PRACTICE AND THB EYE EyM Tested ai.M.. jntto* Vlpjrfnla Bldg. . Carbo«(iii^ IK, DR. J. W. BARROW NEW HAMILTON BUILDINQ H«iir* t to 11 A. M. and 2 to • f». • .. PHONE « P.L.LINGLE,M.D. < Genera! Pt-nctlo* Special attention to Eye, Ear, aad Throat Qlrae* Fitted Phones.: Residence 330-2, Office SSO-t Virginia Bulldlni HAMILTON & BRADLEY Attorney* at Law Phone 282 K Suit. 112-118 New Hamilton Bulldm* M. D. MoANALLY BUtLDINQ ^ 211 West MaiiKttr.* P«ce Houre—• to 10 A;M>; i t* 4 KB. CANDY KITCHEN Horn* Made 1 'Candles^ and loe ' TelepheiMM4Y BRITISH BOMBARD ODESSA Enf llsh:yvk*ihiBa: : ^e8ln to Shell Blacic . Sea Port.Captured by the • :'. Bblshevikl. London, Feb: 10.—British warship* have begun the bombardment-pf Ode's- sa, the big^Black sfeii ipprt i recently-" captiu-ed by\the ( -Bnssian'soviet forces^ from the Ukrainians. . News of the- bombardruent .is given in an official bolsbevist ' -\vireless- • 'sent "out from- Moscow,^and picked up by, the.Britishi admiralty.. ; . • DON'T DESPAIR If you are troubled with pains or aches; feel tired; have headache indigestion, insomnia; painful pass- ' age of urine 1 , you will find relief in. GOLD MEDAL The worldVstiindard Mm edy for Iddnev :"vf i; bladder and uiic'aad ilrdubles and:' : nauonsl Remedy of Holland Bini* lees. Three ains, all druggists. - C

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