Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on April 16, 1976 · Page 4
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Friday, April 16, 1976
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grfmnsas ®t . Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The First Coiiceni O/ This Newspaper Alden H. Spencer, Publisher and General Manager Floyd Carl Jr., Managing Editor 4 · FRIDAY, APRIL 16, 1976 Privacy Limitations Critical Stocks Sold To Friends Most people value their personal privacy and abhor governmental secrecy about criminal matters. But efforts la protect privacy 'can have the unintended side-effect of promoting secrecy in government. Consider the U.S. Law Enforcement Assistance Administration's regulations governing the dissemination of criminal records. First released by LEAA last May, the regulations covered access by tlie public and news media to criminal justice records maintained by police and court systems that receive federal funds--in effect, virtually all of them. The rules severely limited access to arrest and conviction records for such non- criminal justice purposes as employment, licensing, and media broadcast of publication. The American Civil Liberties Union, a major supporter of privacy laws, was elated . by LEAA's action. ACLU attorneys had ar- ; gued that indiscriminate dissemination of : data on arrests, particularly those that did .' not result in convictions, unfairly damaged the reputations of thousands of persons. News-gathering organizations viewed the · LEAA rules in quite a different .light. "It is true that a mere, arrest after which the charges may be dismissed can h a u n t a person seeking" a job or a credit rating," wrote David Halvorsen, assistant to the editor of the Chicago Tribune. "But the real beneficiaries of such secrecy laws are habitual crim- : inals, inferior police departments, incompetent judges, and corrupt officials. Good governments, like hearty plants, thrive in the sunshine." J. R. Wiggins, former editor of The Wash. ington Post, went further. "The very, citi- . zens these statutes are intended to protect," he wrote, "will have their basic rights imperiled, exposing them to the risk that none .will learn of their arrest, scrutinize the conduct of the police and judges who deal wilh them, or keep alive the just public concern with the conditions of their incarceration." Like other critics of secrecy laws, Wiggins denounced them as infringements on freedom of the press: "A press that is deaf and blind, by law, is not able to make effective use of the power of speech." The ACLU remains firm in Its espousal of limited access to criminal records. It does not dispute the right of the news media to make criminal data public. "But just because such'information is gathered by the government does not mean it should be publicly disclosed," ACLU Executive Director Aryeh Neier argued. "Nor should the 'government disclose publicly the' arrest records without the consent of the arrested person." An amended set of regulations issued by LEAA on March 19 was less stringent than the original one. Scheduled to take effect in 1978, the new rules would permit public access to alphabetized court records of indictments, convictions and acquittals of named persons. But they continue the ban on access to criminal arrest histories not resulting in convictions. Most important of all, the new regulations leave to the states the question of who may inspect which kinds of criminal records. A state could place a total ban on dissemination of such data, or permit unlimited access. Thus, the battle between the propon- · enls o£ secrecy and of privacy has moved from the federal to the stale level. By J A C K A N D E R S O N With Les WHIUeii WASIllN'GTON'-In 1973. Ihcn President Richard Nixon made a muHiblllion.dollar decision, keeping il as quiet us possible, to sell off strategic, metals from the national stockpile. We have n o w established that Hie decision was followed by pressure f r o m the White House to sell valuable minerals to Nixon's friends and coil- tribulors, Officially, the W h i t e House explained "In 1973 that the huge stmlcgic stockpile was no - longer needed for the nation's security. There is now reason to believe Nixon's real motive was to reward lus friends in' tho metals industry. Following Nixon's orders io reduce Ihe stockpile, tho General Services Administration (OSA) has sold more than S3 billion worth of metals. Most of the scarce mclals have gone lo the Industrial- giants such a* A l c o a , Bellilehem' . Steel, Engtchardl Industries, General E l e c t r i c ' . Kaiser. Reynolds M e t a l s . U.S. Steel and Westinghouse. The sale come at .a lime when strategists were warning t h a t the United States will run short of many vital minerals in another decade. Al the same lime, the countries that own the minerals deposits, taking their cue from the oil potentates, : have been forming cartels to jack up the prices. The alarmed strategisls have charged, that the national The Washington Merry-Go-Round Vaughan At Large By BILL VAUGHAN Perhaps you are conscious ot all this debate about wno King Kong really was. First a man stepped out of some sort o[ obscurity and said he had been King Kong, achieving the illusion by putting on a monkey suit. Immediately technicians who had worked on the picture said, no, that Kong was just a sort ot mechanical contrivance. I hale things like Ibis, I remember King Kong. He was a giant ape who was captured on this remote island and came back to New York and broke loose and climbed up the* Empire State building and pulled Fay Wray out of her roam. What do I need wilh men En fancy-dress costumes or puppets? You go to the moytes and you're supposed to believe. At least I certairdy did. I believed in King Kong and in Tarzan. The only thing that tipped me off early that Tarzan was probably a fake was when he started swimming like J o h n n y Wcissmuller. Now Johnny -WeissmuKer was the world's greatest swimmer, almost as good as 14-year-old girts arc today. And I wondered in my primitive way how come Ihis kid who had bwn brought up by apes (who don't swim at all) would he doing an Olympic-style Australian crawl. 1 WOULD THINK lhat a boy living in the jungle with only the animals as play persons would, if he swam at all, do a sort of dog parldle, which comes naturally to people who [learn to swim by being lossed .! ; /"fh'"lhe water (if they don't · drown). : The next Tarzan was Ruslpr Crabbe and he. too, looked as though he had been in m a n y a country club pool. So a f t e r the first few pictures T never really believed in Tarzan. . But my faith in the Kon« never wavered. How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO A b o u t 3,000 demonstrators look to the streets ot Da Nang today and demanded that Premier Ky's military government give way to civilian rule. A Utah physician claims i «uy ought to have more than one w i f e alter age 60--to ease frustrations and keep people happy. The U.S. sold a German f i r m 7.652 bombs as junk for S12,73S two years ago, and now. in wartime is buying back 5,570 of them for 514,500, it wat learned today. 50 YEARS AGO auto bus narrowly escaped death when a Rock Island railway locomotive struck their conveyance near Little Rock. Proposal for a treaty with Great Britain to slop all importation of liquor from ihe British dominions to t h e ' U.S. is fating considered by the U.S; government. · ' President Coolidge returned lo his desk today, entitrely , recovered from Ihe slight cold and indigestion which be s u f f e r e d yesterday. 100 YEARS AGO Alexander H. Stephens has concluded not to gratify .those · w a n t i n g his seat in Congress. lie is said lo be geling well. An attempt was made a few nights ago lo assassinate? the editor of the M a r i a n n a Index. We hope t h a t such innocent amusements as shooting at editors will be confined to the lower part of the stale. They'll Do It Every Time TUNING 'IN on A PROSPECTIVE CUENTS SOFT SPOT--- WEAKNESS"-. SETTINQ HIS PICTURE TAKEN- VO! PUVEO FOOTBALL? ME TOO. THIS 15 WJ HOLDING TOE SiUU, RIGHT? VCO STILL LOOK IN SHAPE, 1 . 1 8I690ME HOi-OINO , ,. .. THE BALL IS A RARE 1 \A ME USUALLY I '// MOPPED IT- IN A MINUTE THEY'LL BE PULLING UP THEIR PANTS AN SHOWING THEIR FOOT8M.L KUEES-. AWKflPe'ffOfP, 74S 3"Ate... RK.H'V stockpile Is dangerously ite- plclcrt. T i l l s lias resulted in a top-secret- study, al Uin direction of the N a t i o n a l , Security Council, 16 determine whether tho stockpile should bo replenished, Although the secret, In- Icragoncy task force h a s n ' t complcicrl Ihc study, we can report they havo tentalively concluded that stockpile levels should be raised l o r certain critical materials. , T h o United '. States is dangerously short, for example, oC chromium, which is a critical alloy in liijii-strenglli sleel.-Yet the United States is dependent for its chronium on such un- certain'suppliers as Rhodesh, Russia, South Africa and Turkey. THE $3 BILLION 5 a I e ot Strategic minerals, meanwhile, has 'the sour smell of scantfal. At least some of the- minerals, which were sold Ib U.S. corporations at ba'rgatn-basnme-il prices, will now huve to be renurchas_cri at premium prices. The winners were the coin- ' panics; the losers will be t h e taxpayers. And [or some companies, il appears Ihal more lhan luck was involved. .Witnesses have told us (hat Nixon aides called former GSA chief A r t h u r F. Siimpson, press u r i n g , him lo sell materials from the GSA stockpile to. White House friends. Samp-. son " f i H e r o d the word' lo his stockpile officials, according to onr sources, that "the While House was very interested" in m a k i n g certain tlieir favorite companies could buy Ihc critical materials. Louis Brooks, the stockpile d i s p o s a l director, received sevciMl calls from Sampson's personal aides, citing While House friends who should get f a v o r i t e treatment. Our sources say thai Drooks. an h n n e s I man, resisted the pressure. Footnote: Sampson denied receiving calls from the Nixon While House or pressuring his ' subordinates to give : special favors to Nixon's friends. Brooks told us all stockpile sales were rmide on mcril, pursuant to GSA procedures. We have evidence ot Ihc While House pressure, however,'if any Congressional committees 'are interested , CONDOR CONTROVEHSV: A confidential General Accounting Office (GAO) report h a s raised serious questions .about, the quality of Ihe Cendor , m i s s i l e which, according to the Navy, is their " m o s t viable air-lo-surface weapon system." The Condor is an air-launched missile in t h e development stage. II is designed for conventional attacks on high- priority land targets protected ·'· by "intense" local- defenses. Yet th» confidential itudy reveal* thai even the Pentagon;,; Is concerned because the missile ! is "very susceptible" lo enemy « defenses. Only Ihe Navy, ap. ·; parcntly, is really pleased wilh .' I h c ' m i s s i l e . The Navy contends . the Condor would normally receive Ihc necessary tactical, support to overcome'Ihe e n e m y - ; defenses and thai, in any event, : the missile ' is less susceptible lo enemy counlermeasures t h a n ' , otter syslems. . ' '. The study changes thai lite Condor is supposed to he ·' rauiiclicd from planes in all ' . weather but lhat 11 has turncii · * . . . oul to be fainveather. daylight * f ' I weapon. II is an "optically r - T guided" missile t h a t literally' "looks" (or Us largcl. According lo Ihe study, tha Pentagon expressed "serious; concern" over the Condor's ability to Ilnd lurgcls in a haze. _-: or on a cloudy day. The report' ,also cites several olhertcchnica] ! ; problems which' have plagued' ! Ihe missiles. ; · Footnote: Several Pentagon 1 ; sources have told us the Condor' ·· Is,.the pel project of Ihe Pen- I lagon's research director, Dr. t Curriei H e d e s c r i b e d ' t h o i Condor 'as a. "surgiral silver ! bullet" ;dcsgined 'tor special,': high priority tasks. It has had '. '.'outstanding success," he told ; us, from - a "technical stand-:! point." He is distressed, he add- ; · . ed, by reports of improper : conduct on his parl. He said ] he has "no conflict of interest" ; with major defense contractors, \ (C) United Feature Syndicate, · Inc. Aping King Kong Is Bound To Fail L i k e a l l right-thinking youngsters I was on King Kong's side. I wanted him to get the best of all those d u m b actors. Perhaps because he was so big and did things I never thought of doing, like climb the Empire State building, I felt no 5£nse of rivalry with him. I knew I'd he lucky if 1 ever., drained the Chrysler building. We all said we admired Tarzan hut, secretly 1 think we all hoped he would least sprain an ankl/3. ." . : Anyway, before I got off on this digression about. Tarzan, I was saying that they ought to leave us our childhood faith in , K i n g - . K o n g . They're going to - m a k e another picture or maybe two about Kong and already they ace talking about the marvelous robots that are being built to represent the monster. Just another fake. I DON'T WANT to be t o l d that Kong was a man in a tin on-, kev suit or Fay Wray was a Barbie doll or anything of that nature. We are gradually ,, losing everything we ever believed in. Books expose the shortcomings of our historical leaders, contract negotiations expose sports heroes as just greedy human beings like ourselves, revered corporations give bribes and 'honored politicians take them. What's left lo believe I n ? Do "\ve have to be subjected lo this dissension about what k i n d - o f phony King Kong was? If we can't have faith in an outsize gorilla, capable oE destroying the U.S. air force with .the. sweep of one paw (admitting the air force was rather small in those days) well, we're not going to give credibility to anything else. One of the Disney things has a dummy Abraham Lincoln that talks and movies. Archaeologists of the future are going to find it and announce lhat the 16th President of the United Stales was a waxen doll run by clockkwork. And some people will believe it, and olliors will refuse ,oht it, and others will refuse to, just as 1 a-m refusing to doubt that King Kciig had lived and probably still does. And some day you're going to look up on a skyscraper and 5£e something, up there, and I advise you net to assume it's a man in a renled suit or a w i n d - u p loy. How can a nalicn lhat believes that half the candidates for president are real people think that King Kong was a take? It's ridiculous. (C) United Feature Synd. Inc. Bible Verse "And he shall jijd«« among (he nations, and shall rebuke many people: arid they shall beat ltu;ir swords into plowshares, ant] "their spears into nnjninghooks: nations shall nrit lifl up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more." Fsnfah 2:4 Some day this will h -- in the meanwhile every believer must introduce in his own way and lo his own world -- Ihe one through whom It will come Id pass, Ihe Prince of Peace, Jesus, God's oonly begotten Son. He said "my peace I give unto you," Ask Him into your heart today. Area Farming -^S ALU OVER BETWEEN US!" Poultry Symposiums Valuable For Grower By JOHN I. SMITH A poultry production symposium has been announced by the Animal Industry Detriment of the University of Arkansas, at The Arkansas Union, jn April 2.9. These study meetings generally begin about nine and end around the middle of the atter- noon. The extension Service personnel and the fleldmen for the chicken industry are those who take greatest advantage of these educalional meetings, but more" farmer producers -- Ihose who feed, house, and care for Ihc birds -- should also attend these studies. . One may say. "Well, we have no diseases or serious feeding or housing problems right now, I believe I'll skip it." However, diseases strike when Ihcy ere least expected. They come from some distant parl of Ihe world, brought on some slrange b i r d , as a new pot, nr perhaps transported by migratory birds. Of course, Ibis statement is just speculation, but fairly realistic. Any other theory of the origin o\ new diseases would be tt belief in some kind of spontaneous generation of the disease. If the Eirst idea is true. Ihe fowls where Iho disea.se came from developed resistance many years ago and are unharmed by it loday. "The Poultryman's News" of Murcli spoke of a scare of Kxo- tic Newcastle D i s e a s e ' ( V U N D ) which most of us never heard of before. The word exotic here . perhaps means no more than "foreign." Then it s p o k e of Alvran i n f l u e n z a . But the main thing that both these lerms should mean to the chicken producer is lhat diseases other than Ihe several ones lhat they fought 10 or 20 y«ars ago arc in exi.stancc, and Ihal Ihe Veterinarians must conslanlly be prepared to fight them. I.ct us go and see what the scientists have to show us come April 29th. THE SAME publication mentioned above alfio slated: "Broiler chick placements hiwe surpassed year-earlier figures f o r m a n y weeks, p e a k i n g at 14 per cent during Ihe week ended January 31. Placements during Lhe two succeeding weeks dropped 11 per cent and 8 per " c e n t respectively, above year-" earlier output." What does the above remark .mean to a producer? H means · ' as we sec it, lhat the industry can market more broilers lhan were marketed test year, but iliat the 14 per cent level which they worked up lo in February . was loo high and lhat they cut back in production the following Iwo months. This culling back is done primarily by lengthening Ihc gap between the market date of one batch and the date when buby chicks are again brought to the farm. How do scientists light plant diseases? By spraying or oilier medication? Or by developing disease resislant Varieties? To get the most promising method read Ihe following i t e m which was laken from "Arkansas Stale Plant Do-ard News" of March: "Nearly every American city has an Elm Slrcet. At one time large numbers of t h e stately trees lined roads and shaded parks and lawns from Ihe Great Pi-dins lo the Atlantic. H may not be long before they're back again," DUTCH ELM disease is blamed for the decline of the American elm since Ihc 1930's. But scientist wilh USDA's Agri- c-u 1 t u r a 1 Research Service (ARS) have come up wilh a hybrid that's resistant lo Ihe disease. Named Urban elm, its moderate size makes it even better suited lo urban planting lhan Ihc American elm. "The new hybrid stands up under drought, pollution, soil compaction and limited root space as well as . D u t c h elm disease. Researchers say it grows fast in a variety of soils and retains its dark green foliage longer lhan most other trees. Limited supplies of Urban elm will he available commercially in ahout 3 years, "The battle ugainsl Dutch elm disease, however, extends well beyond breeding resistant varieties. Existing elms are still threatened by the disease, which has already daimed $1 billion in tosses. Under scrutiny right now arc chemicals lhat can be injected directly into Ihe tree* and the use of sex allrncl- anls lo mass ( r a p Ihc elm bark beetle, a known carrier of Iht "disease." While medication is ' important, breeding of disasa resist: anl varieties in both plants and nnlrnals is doing more in giving; K disease free pi atns aain-udn« us disease free plants and ani-| mals. , » Unemployment Statistics Subject To Controversy By R I C H A R D L. \VORSXOP Editorial Research R e p o r t s Of alt (he economic indicators measured by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), t h e two thai are most comprehensible to the layman . are the Consumer Price Index and the unemployment rate. Taken together, they provide a rough 'but generally accurate picture of the state of the economy. And since controlling inflation and Joblessness are major goals of federal economic policy, . there is continuing concern about how precise Ihe Iwo indi- calors actually are. T h e BLS's, melhod of measuring u n e m p l o y m e n t ' has long been a subject oT controversy among economists, labor lenders and businessmen. Some insist' Hi at Ihe actual rale ot nncmploymenl is higher lhan the BLS figure, while others contend it is lower. Thus, any effort lo alter Ihe measurement process is sure to rankle one group or another. The unemployment rate is derived from a monthly survey of approximately 47.000 households throughout Ihe United Slates. Tlmt sample Is 50 limes larger than those used by many national public opinion polls. Any data extrapolated from a sample are, of course, subject to error. But Ihe BLS claims thai "the cfrances are 90 out of 100 that in a complete census the true rate would tall within I we-tenths of a percentage point of Ihe sample rale." The bureau plans to increase Ihe size of Ihc sample in Ihe near future, and thereby assure even ere.ilcr accuracy. TUB - TASK of determining who Is employed and who is not would appear lo be simplicity llselt. But f In fact, there is a large gray area separating the two groups, and Ihis is where most of (he controversy surrounding BLS unemployment jtalislics originates. BLS defines tmployed per- sons as those who, during Ih'sJ [ week of the monthly survey,; f worked a I least one hour at; i .-a. paying or self-employed job, J ] or who worked 15 or morpj j hours without pay in u family j I business, or who were not* | working but had jobs or bust-* · nesses from which they were* \ temporarily absent. ; i | Unemployed persons include? , (1) those who did not work at; ; all during the survey week lnit[ made specific efforts to find a| ; job within the previous f o u r j · weeks and were currently; \ available for work, (2) those; ; who did not work at all but; i were waiting lo be culled back. , lo a job from which (hey haoV ; been laid o f f or (3) were. , wa it ing to repor t lo a new! ; paying job within 30 days. Per-I · sons who do not Tit the BLS: ; definitions oE employed or; unemployed are considered notj , lo be in Ihe labor force. ; ECONOMISTS who argue that; · Ihc BLS overstates the extent; ; of joblessness point out Ihal the- unemployment rale · umon'g* heads of household is con"-* ; sistcntly below Ihal of thet i working population as a whole.; · /They contend that the heads q f j ; household rate should be; ! regarded as Ihe Iruc measure; ; of unemployment. ; J · Labor loaders, on 'the other; : hand, would brcndcn Ihe riefinl-; lion of unemployed to include* "discouraged workers". -- Ihose; who tiave left Ihe job market* -- and part-time workers who, would like full-time jobs. If this', were done, the United States; probably would be shown to[ have a double-digit uncmploy-J ment rato. ' ' - · J This being an election year.j wny tinkering wilh the machirV* ery for measuring unemploy-j ment would he political suicid*!," But President Fvr4 no doubt! k is happy enongh wilh the! present system", which for five; c n n s e c u l i v e months ha«J reported a declining -- allhoijghj still high -- rats or unemploy"-;. ' ment,

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