Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona on March 9, 1966 · Page 31
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Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona · Page 31

Tucson, Arizona
Issue Date:
Wednesday, March 9, 1966
Page 31
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FICTOR RJESEL Published Emy Aft Except Sunday MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRJE$S »«/Vf*' · . " W Ml we»i · ta IMs to M* DM « Mr *f **« t* M AF **wt MEMBER OF UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHED BY THE CITIZEN PUBLISHING CO. Address: Box 5127 Telephone: 122-5855 gPAGE 32 WEDNESDAY. MARCH 9. 1966 JRevenue Bonds f^re Different Rejp. John Haugh (R-Pima) ^majority leader of the .rizona House of-Representatives," has been criticized r endorsing a bill which would/permit the Board of egents to.issue up to $20 million in revenue bonds for instruction at the universities. ,, Some critics feel he is being inconsistent in support- g this bill after opposing measures last year which ould have enabled the Legislature to issue $100 mil- « worth of general obligation bonds. There's no inconsistency at all. Except for the fact that last year's proposals and bill now before the House both represent departures m Arizona's traditional pay-as-you-go financing, they i as different as night and day. The question handed voters last October was wheth- tb amend the State Constitution to raise the debt it from 1350,000 to $100 million and to give the Legis ture power to issue bonds without approval of the vot- s. They would have been general obligation bonds, eked by the Legislature's power to tax the people. Those'proposed.amendments, which were decisive- turned "down by the voters, made no mention of the iversities. And the amendments were badly phrased, iving room for doubt as to what they meant. ·In effect, those amendments would have given the gislature a : $100 million revolving charge account, (ep. Haugh's objection to them was reasonable. The bill how before the House recognizes the need r bonded indebtedness ; to- finance capital improve- ents. A reasonable amount of such debt is safe. But unlike the defeated amendments; the current pill is specific.: It is designed to provide buildings for the Date's universities. Consider these facts:" 1--The regents have asked the Legislature for al- liost $20 million for buildings at the universities. To ivide the money for them now, without incurring inded indebtedness, would mean a substantial increase ; |» the state tax rate. , !|| 2--The buildings could "be financed with 30-year |bnds, which could be paid off by a $30 capital fund sessment added to tuition fees of the, nearly 40,000 ludents at the three universities. f ;!· This is not subterfuge. It's a legitimate and honest y to spread the cost over many years and have the rdeir shared by those who benefit most from the .ildrngsr ^ Even if the current bill passes, the taxpayers will mtinue to pay most of the bills for running the uni- jjtersities. They jrnow that and they do precious little "iuawMng about it..But they very well might squawk if ced with a sudden big boost in their state tax rate. I, ^Critics notwithstanding, the people might appreciate lep. Haugh's endorsement of the new bonding bill--just ^ they sided with him 4 to 1 against the wide-open debt 'proposals last year. . . . eep It Clear gj It looks like Tucson is stuck, in the failure of a lireatened referendum to materialize, with the particular schedule of pay raises for city employes Which -the Council voted last month. / ff The Council will have to find another $1.5 million ff year to cover the raises. But the Council should not ""'tempt to collect the money by boosting excise taxes at is time. Arizona's Supreme Court apparently has cleared f e way for the city to obtain a needed community cen- |r by means of a lease-purchase agreement financed -ough an excise tax. This is a most encouraging de- [opment, renewing hopes that Tucson can have all the _jnomic and job-building benefits of a community cen- Ilr within the foreseeable future. P A very modest boost in some city sales tax levies, ||rhaps a room tax on hotels--these channels easily i|uld be opened to finance a community center without Hcreasing the property tax load. In the meantime, the -'Suncil should keep these channels clear, which means *t utilizing them 'to meet the added costs of the pay .SQ. DENNIS THE MENACE Tkif i« tke tint of two colorant based on coufkkatiil rep«rtf made available by U.S. labor leaders recently returned from Saigon, t* which they h*4 fkw» to kelp relieve the ttraagied docks. This has all the overtones of early Fu Manchu and Limehouse literature. Tragically, this report is of real life flesh and blood. THIS IS THE STORY of a warning by one of South Viet Nam's cabinet ministers to members of an American team of expert longshoremen to be careful lest they be shot. And not by the Viet Cong. The Minister, who has been working closely with four specialists dispatched by the International ; Longshoremen's Association (ILA) to unchoke the port of Saigon, is also worried that'he himself will be : ShOt. ; The Minister made it plain in personal conversation with the group of American cargo specialists that the threats to his life and the danger (to the U.S. volunteers spring from their r week efforts to turn the port into an efficient series of docks so vital civilian and 1 military cargo- can be unloaded and sped into the interior. THIS IS VITAL SO RICE can go through to smash the black market. This is urgent so military equipment--aside from ammunition--can be quickly expedited. This is essential so some $300 million worth of U.S. AID shipments, ranging from steel bars to transistor radios, can be distributed for the comfort of the troops and not the profit of the black marketeers.- This is pressing so that the American economy can cease losing a million dollars a day because some ships are a month or more in unloading. APPARENTLY THE FOUR-MAN team, which flew out in mid-December under the leadership of ILA President Thomas (Teddy) Gleasoni has been stepping on toes right up to the heels. Mr. Gleason told this column the other day that he had had difficulty getting to see the ROSCOE DRUMMOND * Vietnamese Port Director. "Teddy," veteran of 50 dockside years, had asked for special gear, special registration of some 5,000 longshoremen, issuance of identity cards to the men, regularity of work and coordination of Saigon shipping, agents and local stevedores. When he left, three weeks after his arrival, he had had virtually nt cooperation. He then began receiving weekly reports of continued frustration from the team he had established in Saigon. THE MOST RECENT REPORT startled him --and he doesn't startle easily after decades on the Manhattan docks--once a tougher jungle than some of those in Viet Nam. After reading it he contacted the U.S.. State Department speedily. ' The report disclosed that on Jan. 28 the Minister to whom I referred above sent word he wanted to talk to the American longshoremen. I will- not identify the Minister here because I have been told bluntly he would be killed if I did. The State Department now knows his name. So do the union officials. On the afternoon of Jan. 28 ne told the team, led by John Byrne, a supervising stevedore on leave from the U.S. Lines' docks here, with 36 years of experience, that 'they should be careful of their safety. The Minister told them that they were trusting people who were not their friends. He advised that many influential Vietnamese wanted them to go home. TECHNICALLY, HE WARNED that it would take more than five years to register Vietnamese longshoremen unless the ILA men undertook the task. The ILA men replied that this was the jurisdiction of the. Saigon Port Authority. : But they said they'd do the job if they were given the authority and power to get regularized labor regularly working the freighters so they : could be unloaded at more than the current 40 per cent capacity rate. They now are pushing the project of formation and registration of uniform dock gangs (equally numbered bands of cargo handlers). There is much riding on their success--and safety. · ' Copyrisht 19M Food And People No one should think there isn't a grave food crisis in most of the world. There is --in Africa; Asia, Latin America. But we need.to keep,the facts in focus and the essential facts are these: In most countries agricultural production has more than kept pace with the population explosion. The average person in the less developed nations, though still very poorly nourished, now eats better than his parents | did. Until the recent monsoon disaster in India, there has been no major famine in the world in,the post-war years. *NONE OF THIS should obscure the fact that too many millions of people in too many countries are too near the borderline of dire want. Unless birth control and nationwide family planning go forward in the under-developed countries, disaster w.ould result and.no effective long- run solution to the food problem would be possible. . - ' · · ' · ' ' These judgments on both the perils and pos- 'sibility of disproving Malthus -- that population must inevitably outrun food supply -- emerge from the immensely constructive hearings by the House Committee on. Agriculture under the Mtiative of Chairman Harold D. Cooly, of North Carolina. This is the first time in a decade, at least, that this committee has undertaken siich a thorough review of the whole world food picture and how U.S^ policy fits into it. THE COOLY COMMITTEE is hearing impressively qualified experts and the testimony is .producing needed.insight and information. Don Paarlberg,,'Professor of Agricultural Economics at Purdue University, himself a former Food for Peace coordinator, did a service in exposing some of me myths which surround so much loose talk. SYDNEY HARRIS There is the easy assumption that the U.S., if it wished, could feed the world. Fact: If we removed all acreage restrictions, our increased grain production would add only 4 per cent to the world total. There is the foreboding assumption that, because U.S. surpluses are dwindling, we may soon find ourselves helpless to aid food-short nations. Fact: There will be a wheat carryover this year of 750 million bushels, a sharp drop from the 1961 peak but still very large. THERE IS THE FALSE assumption that if the U.S. helps less developed countries increase farm production, American farm exports will'be reduced. Prof. Paarlberg usefully points out that during the period of U.S. technical assist- 1 ance from 1948 through 1965 U.S. commercial agricultural exports more than doubled, that our best commercial export markets are those nations whose agriculture is most-advanced- Canada, Western Europe^ Japan. . Theodore W. Schultz, of the University of Chicago, joined Paarlberg in advising Congress to abandon "the now obsolete concept of surpluses" and shift U.S. food sales from many soft currencies to hard currency. They agreed that the nub of the world food problem is to help underdeveloped countries increase their food production and decrease their family production. PAARLBERG DID NOT minimize the continuing value of the Food for Peace program (he would authorize procurement in the market as veil as from government stockpiles) but he warned that this program needs to be seen, not as a panacea, but "as a means of buying valuable time within which more effective control over population growth must be attained." Chairman .Cooly is certainly paving the way for a balanced new look at U.S. farm policy. Copyrisht 19M A Boy Needs To Prove Prowess VVAITJN'OUTSIDE? THS THE POLICE/ Throughout history, boys have always had a great need to prove that they possess the virtues of courage, endurance and skill. And, until modern tunes, societies have always provided the opportunities for this. The 20th century rise in juvenile delinquency is, of course, the result of many factors. One of the most important, I am convinced, is the lack of opportunity for boys to prove their prowess without getting into trouble. AS WE BECOME more and more urbanized and technological, as the frontier disappears, as the challenge of nature becomes subdued, as density of population and congestion of traffic increase -- more and more boys are less and less able to find suitable activities for challenging their physical aptitudes. This is one reason, by the way, that organized sports have become so overemphasized in our time. Adolescent boys in the big cities find it increasingly difficult to grow up in the traditional fashion. If they are venturesome, they get into trouble; if they are aggressive, there are no proper objects around to vent their aggressiveness on, except each other, in tight little gangs. And, most of all, the kind of men they used to model themselves on -- the skillful hunter and trapper -- have all but vanished today. THEIR MODELS. THEREFORE, become professional athletes or entertainers or criminals -- for these are the only three kinds of people in modern society who seem to live outside the established rules, who can get away with forms of conduct denied to men in more conventional occupations. In primitive societies, the leaders were wise enough to know the value of the rites de passage - the ritual by which a young man proved his emergence into'manhood. He was forced to fast, to go into solitude, to paddle through rapids, to engage in tourneys of skill and stamina. All this was done with community approval, and without really hurting anybody else. MODERN SOCIETY HAS TAKEN this away and provided no equivalent to drain off the highly-charged kinetic energies of boys. So they invent their own games -- playing "chicken" in autos is one of the most dangerous forms-and use adult society as the antagonist. There is no sense of community in what they do; rather, the community has become the enemy. This has happened in nation after nation, as each country becomes more urbanized and mechanized. It is not so much a moral or a parental problem as it is a "problem of civilization." Much of what we glibly call "delinquency" comes from frustration -- for if a youth cannot prove his manhood with tests set and approved by the community, he will prove it to his peers with acts of bravado directed against the community. STRICTLY PERSONAL: People who extol the cleverness of dogs always ignore the corresponding stupidity of dogs --for instance, if you chain one to a tree and he runs around in a circle until he is closely bound, he never learns to reverse the process and unwind himself without help. Some women think they are avoiding flagrant bad taste when all they are doing is dressing in quiet bad taste. An open mind is a good thing to have, but not if it lets out a; many ideas as it takes in. Something in our society makes it easier for little girls to become women than for little boys to become men; and it is my strong impression that male immaturity is the largest single cause of divorce in America. Copyright 19M EN 3ARtE/- Letters To The Editor THE DEMAND IS HARDLY OBJECTIVE To the Editor: A demand addressed to the Mayor and Council to "firmly state" that they do not intend to heed the advice of Sheriff James G. Clark of Selma, Alabama, scheduled to speak in Tucson next Friday evening, was noted in a recent news item in the Citizen. THE ATTITUDE is somewhat less than in good grace following the numerous speakers who) have freely appeared in Tucson condemning so-called "police brutality," and promoting a continuing diatribe against law enforcement officers. It is heartening that segments of Tucson were permitted to hear such men as Los Angeles Police Chief William H. Parker, together with Judge Earl Brophy and District Attorney Evelle J. Younger last week at the National District Attorneys Association meeting here. Too bad the general public couldn't attend. Would the same objections by the same parties, and the same demands on the city authorities have developed? THE POSITION in the demand is hardly objective. One of the marks of an educated man is that he reserves judgment until he has heard all the evidence. Yet the prospective speaker, charged as he was with enforcing organized law in his county, at a time when all organized legal machinery was challenged by open rebellion, is branded with invective and cursed by innuendo. Moreover the speaker is pre-judged and condemned without being heard. ^CLIFFORD 0. WILD 5038 E. 3rd St. 'MAXIMUM EFFORT' FOR MINOR TARGET? To the Editor: As a Citizen of this great nation, I would like to know why (assuming that your Associated Press report published on 4 March is correct) it requires a "maximum effort" to destroy a railroad line between North Viet Nam and China. In Korea, railroads were destroyed with a minimum of firepower. AS AN OFFICER in the Air Force Reserve, I would seriously question the use of "maximum effort" in the destruction of such minor targets. Why does the Pentagon purposely ignore the strategic targets such as the dredge whose operation permits the constant flow of supplies into Haiphong and Hanoi? Why are American youths sent to Viet Nam to maintain a war YORK AT LARGE they are not permitted to win? Can we really criticize the "peaceniks" for not wanting to fight a .war that they will not be permitted to win? NAME WITHHELD IT'S THE DUTY OF THE POLICE To the Editor: It is the duty of the police to protect any person regardless of race, color, or creed. It is the duty of our police 1 department to protect Sheriff Clark. The Negroes demonstra-/ ted in Selma, Alabama and other cities, for civil rights, and were protected by the police. Has Sheriff Clark not the same privi-. lege to speak here and to be protected by our police as any other American? CARIOUS PERSONS are op.. posing and protesting Sheriff Jim Clark's appearance. Mr. Benjamin Epstein, a national director of the Anti-Defamation League of New York, .advised the Tucson Commission on Human Relations to "strongly protest Sheriff Clark's speak-, ing here, denounce his attendance, and to let him know that everyone in the community will not welcome Sheriff Clark." What right has Mr. Epstein to come to Tucson from New York and ask, the Human Relations committee to use their power to tell an American that he cannot speak in our city? W? are the taxpayers of this city, not the Human Relations committee. No one is forced to attend Sheriff Clark's meeting. .Mr. Epstein can express his own "Let's go home and Watch some old black and, white movies on our new color TV." views, but should not speak for the whole community. ^DEMOCRACY is in danger when a single person, or any small minority of people, tries to deny the rights to others. Democracy means ruled by the will of the majority, and liberty means the idea that men have rights which no government may infringe upon. LUCY PALERMO . Rt. 4, Box 477 DR. DUVAL'S POLICY IS GRATIFYING ·To the Editor: This is an expression of our appreciation of the policy announced by Dr. Duval in the procuring, care and treatment of animals to be used for laboratory research in the University of Arizona Medical School. THE PRESENT condition of such animals throughout the country is an extreme disgrace. England has long had laws governing such matters with no impairment of research activities. DR. DUVAL'S statement of policy is a source of deep gratification' to many persons. MILDRED F. SAACKE (Mrs, J. A.) 331 S. Alvernon Way Apt. 1 Utters 1« the tdlter must cirry tht complett rum* and *trctt id- drtss of tht writer. In extrimi ind unuswl circumstance*, tht writer's Idtntlty may b* IttM confldtnttil and · pen mm* ustd for puMlcitim pur- posts. Short tatters irt ilvtn pr*f- erenct. Th* normal maximum al- lowtd Is HO words. Tht riitit is r* ttrvtd tt rtduct tht Itntlil «f litttrs. m %Tronft/ie f\% I · Arizona Citizen Sixty-Three Years Ago in the Old Pueblo TUCSON, ARIZONA TERRITORY, MARCH 7, 190J History Items From 1873 , The Citizen of February 8, 1873 contained these local items: Pneumonia has prevailed in Tucson for a week or so to an unusual extent. A great many have been seriously afflicted, but we hear, of no cases that are regarded as likely to prove fatal. Mrs. L. C. Hughes has this day commenced a free public school for girls in Tucson we' believe in a room in the Old Pioneer Brewing building. We understand Mrs. H. is an experienced teacher and it is fortunate that the trustees have been able to get her services. General Crook arrived;in Tucson yesterday afternoon. He has been in the field most of the time for several months-latterly about Camp Grant and the new camp at Mt. Graham. During the few months he has done more in the interests of peace than any of all officers who have preceded him in the peace of war business with the Apaches. A "Big Talk" was had with Cochise February 3. There were present Major Brown, Department Inspector; Lieutenant Bourke of Gen. Crook's staff, Lieutenant C. H. Rockwell, Capt. Jeffords, local agent; Geo. H. Stevens, recently agent at the Grant reserve, and Archy Mclntosh. The "talk" was reduced to writing, but of its tenor we know nothing. We had a slight intimation that it was satisfactory -- nothing more and of the truth of this, we do not vouch. We are in receipt of a communication by a citizen at Prescott, suggesting that the legislature place on record the thanks of the public to Gen. Crook and. the Fifth Cavalry for the excellent service they have done in the interests of peace with the Apaches in Arizona. Mr. N. W. Rogers, of Sulphur Springs, has been in town a few dv./s this week. He resides in the Cochise reservation, and from what he hears and sees, he is still hopeful that the present peace will be kept by that band which so long was the terror of every body whose business made it necessary for them to reside away from town or travel in this section of Arizona. Compiled by Yndia Smalley Moore, Citizen historical editor

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