Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona on March 9, 1966 · Page 30
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Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona · Page 30

Tucson, Arizona
Issue Date:
Wednesday, March 9, 1966
Page 30
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News Sports WEDNESDAY, MARCH 9, 1766 PAGE 31 SPY SUSPECT HELD 5 YEARS Gessner Given Freedom, Bitter About 'Justice' LEAVENWORTH, Kan. -Iffl- George John Gessner drew his first free breath after five years in government custody and said: "Justice delayed is justice denied." The 29-year-old former soldier showed no elation at his sudden and unexoected release from the U.S. penitentiary where 'he has been since his conviction June 4, 1964, of a charge of giving nuclear weapons secrets to Russia. He was the first convicted · under the Atomic Energy Act. An appeals court last year nullified Gessner's conviction and life sentence because it found that his confession -- basis of the government's case -- was made involuntarily. U.S. Attorney Newell George stood before-the same three judges yesterday and declared "without the confession we do not have sufficient evidence to go to trial." He filed a motion to dismiss charges against Gessner and a few hours later Gessner was free. Asked why he signed the confession, Gessner replied: "Because of continued interrogation month after month and promise of total immunity." "Of course, it was not true," he said. ' "How can a man have plans when he has been locked up five years or better," said. Gessner when asked about his future. "I hope to return to college -- if any college will have me." And if he does go to school, he said "It is not my intention to restrict my p o l i t i c a l opinions." Gessner, a private first class, was a nuclear weapons specialist at Fort Bliss, Tex., when he deserted Dec. 6, 1960, and went to Mexico.City. The confession, introduced at his trial, said he met with officers of the Russian Embassy on several Out, But Not Happy --AP Wirephoto occasions and "gave them all" he knew about mechanisms of atomic cannon. He was arrested in Panama City, Panama, March 23, 1961, and has been in custody since then--one year of it for desertion. The confession, Gessner said, was obtained through coercion and fraud. "A man tends to get justice in proportion to the thickness of his wallet and inversely to the power and prestige of the accuser," Gessner said. He was reminded that his court - appointed attorneys received no fees. "One swallow doesn't make a spring and one prisoner breaking free through adequate counsel doesn't change things for the hundreds of thousands of other men still in prison because they were not adequately represented," Gessner replied. Gessner's parents are divorced. His mother, Mrs. Hazel Raymond, lives in Melbourne, Fla. When she was told of her son's release by a reporter she said she would send money to bring him to Florida. Gessner said he had $21.63 in his pocket. He wore the same clothes as at his trial. "I do not have any Marxist leanings per se," said Gessner, "but Marxism prides itself on being realistic. Anyone who has any independence of thought will sometimes parallel Marxist thought." At his trial, the government attorney said Gessner could never be released because he was so brilliant he had no need to write down the nuclear data he learned and that "he still has a head full of secrets." Reminded of this, Gessner laughed. NO HIKINGS PLANNED New Navigational System To Be Tested At Huachuca Testing of a new tri-service navigational system involving 200 persons will begin at Ft. Huachuca in the fall. A spokesman for the Army Test and Evaluation Command at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md., said today the testing will begin in August or September and require Zy 2 months. The LORAN D navigation system is being developed for the- Army, the Air Force and the Coast Guard. The Sperry Gyroscope Co. of Great Neck, N.Y., has had contracts on the project for two years. The new system is described as the most accurate available, with the added virtue that it can be used by three services. The Army spokesman said Air Force and Coast : Guard personnel will be sent to Ft. Huachuca temporarily as their contribution to the over-all staff of 200. The Army will draw its personnel from the military and civilians now at the fort and there will be no new hiring for the testing. The over-all cost of the testing program, including f o u r months of work which has begun at Eglin AFB, will be approximately $1 million. An official for the Air Force Systems Command at Wright Patterson AFB said eight types of aircraft will be involved, including the Phantom F4C, as well as the RB66 reconnais- GI Jobs Rights Bill Advances WASHINGTON - UPI - Legislation to extend the rights of servicemen to their old jobs is up for Senate consideration after passage in the House. sance plane and the C130 cargo aircraft. A Sperry official said that LORAN D o p e r a t e s o n principles similar to the earlier LORAN systems, which were developed for" long-range navigation. The system operates on the principle' of transmitting signals, then measuring the time differential between the sending and the receiving. Among the most important reasons that the Air Force and the Army want LORAN D is so that planes in the air and tanks on the ground can know precisely where each other are when fighting together. This is a particular problem in combat situations such as exist in Viet Nam, where pinpoint accuracies in position are extremely important, said t h e Sperry spokesman. LB J Asks All-Out War On Crime Congress Gets 3-Stage Plan WASHINGTON - UPI - President Johnson today asked Congress to support an all - out national war on crime through steps ranging from control of gun sales to comprehensive attacks on conditions that breed lawlessness. In a special message to the House and Senate, Johnson set forth a "three-stage national strategy against crime." It would include immediate efforts to improve crime prevention, detection and prosecution; a comprehensive long - range follow-through program and an attack on "crime at the roots." MOST OF Johnson's proposals called for action on already pending legislation, such as a measure for federal regulation and control of mail - order sales of guns. The President also renewed urgings for action to speed administration of justice in the courts, reform the bail system so that it will not be unfair to the poor and treat drug addicts as sick people rather than criminals while throwing the book at narcotics peddlers. The program ranged from stepped - up attacks on crime in the streets to an intensified campaign ' against organized racketeering. CRIME COSTS the nation $27 billion a year, Johnson said, and an annual toll of "death, injury, suffering and anguish" for thousands of Americans. The P r e s i d e n t said thai through legislation passed lasl year, federal, state and local governments already are welding together efforts to crack down on lawlessness and prevent crime. But he said thai "piecemeal improvements will not be enough." For the "immediate attack,' Johnson called for law enforcement reforms which included: -BETTERMENT of "the quality of l o c a l law enforcement" by adapting industria' management methods to police work, improving the training of law officers and correctional officials. To do this, he proposec an increase from the preseni $7.2 million to $13.7 million in federal assistance to local police departments. He also saic he had directed the attorney general to make grants and take other steps to intensify police training. --An end to "the easy availability of deadly weapons to professional criminals, to delin quent youth and to the disturbed and deranged." This could be done, he said, through promp enactment of pending legislation "to regulate and control interstate traffic in dangerous fire arms." --Moves to "facilitate the pro secution of criminals" through modernization of criminal laws He proposed appointment of a commission to recommend tota revision by 1968 of all the fed eral criminal laws. 'BLOODY DECKS TO YOU, BOYS' Pelt Hunters Slaughter Seal Pups By Thousands GRINDSTONE, Que., "Bloody decks to you, boys," they shout when the ships leave for" the seal hunt. It means "Good luck." The decks of ships anchored in ice 30 miles off these bleak Gulf of St. Lawrence Islands are slippery with blood today. Scarlet patches dot the ice, marking the slaughter places of pup seals a few days old, and red paths criss-cross the ice where the pelts have been dragged. Since midnight Sunday hundreds of men from nine ships and a score of planes have been frantically clubbing and skinning the newborn seals from herds estimated to number 800,000. They were exp?cted to reach the 50,000-pelt quota yes- derday. That does not mean the pups will escape further slaughter. If the ice packs move near the coa~i, landmen, defined as someone with a boat less than 30 feet long, can take the seals. · Until April 10 the pups can't swim and are helpless on the ice. A large squad of fisheries officers are watching the operation from the ships and at land points where aircraft are landing pelts. Several hunters have been arrested for killing adult seals, which is prohibited in this area at this time of year. Humane Society representatives also are hovering around. One group, headed by Tom Hughes, general manager of the Ontario Humane Society, is doing some killing of its own. Hughes shot pups with a special plastic 22-caliber bullet and ? pistol used in slaughter houses. "We're not demanding that they stop hunting seals," he said, "but we want to make sure that the animal doesn't suffer in this kil'ing." The plastic bullets, filled with iron filings, disintegrate when they leave the rifle but are deadly a't close range. Also studying the hunt was John Walsh of Boston, assistant administrator for the western hemisphere of the International Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, and Jacques Vallee of Montreal, executive secretary of the Canadian SPCA. Opposition to the seal hunt has been growing in recent years, particularly among humane societies and animal lovers. France Says NATO Reform Impossible; Plans To Quit BY EMPLOYE OF PAPER Mystery Of Citizen Plates Solved By MARGARET KUEHLTHAU , Citizen Staff Writer The mystery of the San Xavier plate, "made expressly for the Tucson Citizen," has been solved. And all the time -- wowing right in the Tucson Daily Citizen's composing room -- was a man who easily could have found the answer. "The minute I looked at the picture of the San .Xavier plate, I knew I'd seen one somewhere before," Albert Elias said today. But it was one of his relatives who telephoned the explanation of the inscription on the back of the plate. Elias, who has been a printer with the Citizen the past 12 years, knows now that a similar plate has been -on display, throughout his lifetime, in the china closet of his grandmother, Mrs. Rosa E. Moreno. Mrs. Moreno's husband, Francisco, was a linotype operator with the Tucson Citizen in the early -1900s. In 1907, the publisher of the Citizen gave his em- ployes, as Christmas gifts, blue plates decorated with a picture of the Mission of San Xavier del Bac. Moreno gave one of the plates to his wife, who now lives at 740 S. Herbert Ave. He also gave a plate to his wife's sister, Miss Amalia Elias, 731 S. 5th Ave. Both have kept the plates for nearly 60 years. tt About seven weeks ago, Mrs. John L. Taylor, 621 N. 1st Ave., telephoned the Citizen. She explained she had just acquired a "beautiful blue plate." On its face, amid flowers and scrolls, was a picture of San Xavier Mission. Inscribed on its back were these words: "Made expressly for the Tucson Citizen, Tucson, Arizona." "What do background asked. A search you know of its history?" she for information brought no answers. . .until a story, asking for aid, was printed in the March 3 issue of this newspaper. Then carne a call from the Moreno family. --Citizen Photo By Mark Godfrey Sisters and 'Citizen' Plates Mrs. Rosa E. Moreno (right), whose husband worked at the Tucson Citizen in the early 1900s, and her sister, Miss Amalia Elias, still have in their possession the San Xavier plates they received as Christmas gifts in' 1907. The original value of t h e plate, Miss Elias said, "probably was about 25 cents." The Tucson Citizen also gave the plates away with each new subscription, according to Mrs. C. A. Littlefield, who lives at 904 E. 6th St. "We had some of those plates in my family," she recalled. "I came to Tucson as a child in 1905. Allan B. Jaynes, who was editor and publisher of the Citizen, lived right across the street from us. I knew him well." Dr. Bernard L. Fontana, ethnologist at the Arizona State Museum, confirmed the 1907 date. "The museum has an extensive collection of pictures of San Xavier del Bac," he added. "The scene on the plate is identical with the appearance of the mission after a Frenchman, Bishop Henri Granjon, finished restoring it in June, 1907." Dr. Edwin A. Busse of 35 Medical Square has identified the plate as Staffordshire china, commonly known as "historical ware." No great value can be placed on the "Made for the Tucson Citizen" plates, according to experts, because historical w a r e made after 1860 is considered modern and is of no interest to collectors. Clerk 'Guilty' Of Compassion LEICESTER, England -UPI -- A 16-year-old supermarket clerk has pleaded guilty to two charges of stealing groceries. Her crime: Undercharging customers for whom she felt sorry. Foreign Bases Discussed PARIS--ff--France said today reform of the North Atlantic Treaty' Organization is impossible, and the government is going ahead with plans to pull out of the integrated command structure. President Charles de .Gaulle in a terse statement issued through his cabinet spokesman expressed willingness to talk over mutual defense arrangements with the NATO allies. With a certain remote amiability, De Gaulle, said that France would not formally renounce the NATO treaty when it becomes possible in: April, 1969. He wants to retain the spirit of the treaty, without participation in its closely coordinated military structure. : A spokesman said after the weekly cabinet meeting that France intends to take whatever measures she deems necessary concerning foreign military bases on French soil. He added that France is willing to discuss the consequences of such a move. ';' "· The announcement seemed to represent a further stiffening of the French attitude. For several years, De Gaulle has been in: sisting that NATO must be r* vised. . - . , ' . - I But the statement today said; "Taking into account the fact that no discussion on an effec? tive reform of NATO can be usefully undertaken, France intends to take for itself the nieas- ures that it deems indispensable, taking into account both the international circun stances and its will to re-estah^ lish full sovereignty on its territory." U. S. MEDICINE: CRISIS AND PROMISE-2 Staff Shortages Breed In Success Of Quality, Research . .... . . . . . . . . . ,, ,, ..,_ ,,=,.. =_..__.-.. _»^j *,, TMTM,.ico shnnf nnA. *r* apriise this main organize- many bones there are in the Dr. W. Albert Sullivan Jr., of if, as applies to som In many realms of U.S. medicine, acute shortages are . cropping up today. In part, they're due to the successes of medical science. This second of five articles on medicine today examines some key areas of concern. By ALTON BLAKESLEE AP Science Writer Dozens of reasons are advanced as causes of today's shortage of doctors and health personnel. The diagnosis includes, ironically, two elements that have made American medicine very good medicine indeed. One is its quality, stemming partly from high standards of medical school training, most observers point out. But this has limited the output, with only about 8,000 new doctors being graduated annually from U.S. schools. Another is brilliant progress from research -- new drugs, new surgical and medical and rehabilitation techniques, all making the physician far more effective than in the -old sugar pill and sympathy days of medicine. Today's doctor can do more, ··But. as in open-heart surgery, a whole team of surgeons, physicians, nurses and other skilled people may become involved for one patient at a time. A cardiologist estimates 45,000 heart attack victims, who now die soon after their attacks, could be saved each year if major hospitals had intensive care units. But each unit requires a 24-hour staff of nurses, doctors and technicians, razor sharp in skills, ready to rush to a patient's bedside at the first signal of trouble. No one wants to sacrifice the quality, or research boons. But medical research draws some doctors from the total, and limited, medical pool. Too many go into research for "nice 9 to 5 jobs, leaving fewer physicians on the firing line seeing patients," says one busy New York City internist. "Lots of the research is minor." Administrative tasks, government and military service, and other jobs also employ MDs. Right now, only 63 of every 100 U.S. doctors are engaged in private practice. Each year, 10,000 young American men and women are turned down in their applications to enter medical schools, which total 88 now, with five schools of osteopathic medicine. At least 13 new medical schools are being started, but it takes 10 years and $35 million or more from initial plans for a school of the first graduating class. And medical education is costly -- 816,000 to $20,000 over four years. The majority of students has come from middle- class families or those higher on the economic scale. Many rejected U.S. students have been going to foreign schools, but some now are closing their doors to them. Americans trained abroad are esti- mated to comprise about one- quarter of the 1,400 newly licensed doctors each year who studied outside the United States and Canada. The rest constitute part of the "brain drain" from other countries. This "raises the moral question whether we, with all out health facilities, should be importers of doctors," says Dr. William H. Stewart, surgeon- general of the U.S. Public Health Service. Sookesmen for the American Medical Association (AMA), long a leader for high quality in medicine, insist it has strongly championed more medical schools. But critics of the AMA declare the main battle for more schools was waged by others, including the Association of American Medical Colleges. "The AMA gradually abandoned its leadership (in medicine) in its fight against 'socialized medicine.' Now there's a vacuum of leadership," says one prominent physician. Oth- ers accuse this main organization of doctors of being "counter-cultural," of denying that some social problems exist. "Organized medicine and organizations of medical education are not facing up to the problems of the medical manpower shortage," says Dr. Eliot Corday of Los Angeles, president of the American College of Cardiology. Organizations, like individuals, often tend to resist change. Dr. Michael E. DeBakey of Houston notes that professional organizations tend to become "guild-like, and rigidly and staunchly defend their health domains." Is it still necessary to train all medical students alike, he asks? Present laws vitually require this. To obtain his license, the physician must pass examinations measuring his knowledge in many areas of medicine. "But is it really necessary for an ophthalmologist to know how many bones there foot?" he asked. "The whole system is archaic" in many aspects of training students and in requiring traditional internships, another medical educator said. Numerous medical schools are in a ferment of re-examining and experimenting with their curricula to streamline teaching, make it more effective. A few are experimenting with compressing four years of college and four of medical school into six years total for picked students, and report that this approach l o o k s promising. Shortening the training, if quality is maintained, could add thousands of man-years of active practice to the medical pool. Some observers stress a shortage of modern skills as a serious problem. The majority of doctors never go back to school for refresher courses, and are "practicing today's medicine with yesterday's tools and information," declared Dr. W. Albert Sullivan Jr., of the University of Minnesota Medical School. While there are numerous methods for continuing education, "the guy who needs the message most doesn't come to church." said Dr. David Harken of Harvard. The manpower shortage includes pediatricians and psychiatrists, medical school faculty (nearly 1,000 positions are listed as unfilled), nurses, technologists, medical social workers and librarians hospital pharmacists, X-ray technicians, orderlies, and many others. Low pay often is blamed. Girls can earn higher incomes, in most cities, as stenographers than registered nurses. Some groups of hospital workers are notoriously underpaid, said Dr. John Knowles of Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, and "you can't feed the poor sawdust and expect them to protect your birthright." And if, as applies to some big hospitals, "you have dingy, shabby surroundings for people to work in, you wind up with shabby personnel, and not many of them." Attitudes have Knowles added. hurt also, "How would you like to be called 'paramedical' (usually meaning anyone without an MD degree)? People in the health professions need to be treated as first class citizens, with status, with respect, with pride . in their jobs, with good pay and security and a good place to work." Some doctors, he suggests, have been guilty of perhaps unintentional snobbery. Whoever observes a dedicated physician in his daily duties might well conclude that being a good doctor is the most demanding job in society. Now he's being asked to do even more, as rising needs collide with tradition. Next: Needs vs. Tradition f X \ V \

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