Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona on March 6, 1968 · Page 1
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Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona · Page 1

Tucson, Arizona
Issue Date:
Wednesday, March 6, 1968
Page 1
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Top AID Official Urges U.S. Cleanup Of Viet Corruption L C*T T T NT^"IFT1/"\XT s A rt \ i j »n · .. -·. , 1 . 1 . 1 * 1 , » - . ·^»» WASHINGTON (AP) - A top U.S. civilian adviser says the United States must boldly take the initiative to root out corruption in South Vietnam's government because, he insists, there aren't enough honest Vietnamese officials to do the job. "Corruption is permeating all echelons of government and society, corroding the vitality of this nation, eroding the framework of government and unnecessarily prolonging the war," the adviser said in private reports from Vietnam. The reports were made available to The Associated Press on the condition that the adviser, chief of a 22-man team in Vietnam, not be identified. Saying the United States "must take the initiative in this remedial action and, once having started must continue it," the adviser declared: "Vietnamese officials are so involved that very few have hands sufficiently clean that they can make an immediate major independent contribution." One report, which outlined a specific plan of action, was submitted last Nov. 29 to th Agency for International Development in Saigon. It went to AID'S then- new "Public Administration Ad Hoc Committee on Corruption in Vietnam." An AID spokesman in Washington told a reporter Tuesday: "The committee never really got started. And it's possible it won't get going. "When you get into the busi- ness of trying to make another government clean, under inter- cate, unmentionable subject." To clamp down on (he situation, national law you get into the his report to AID recommended question of sovereign nations." j that the United States: The U.S. adviser sent a copy of the report to his superiors in Washington, along with another complaining that he had previously proposed stern measures against graft only to encounter opposition from "hearts and minds purists" in the U.S. mission. It is time, he said, to stop "treating corruption as a deli- -- Create an anticorruption office within the U.S. mission, invite the South Vietnamese to set up a corresponding office, and offer rewards to Vietnamese citizens for solid evidence of corruption. -- Confront the government of South .Vietnam with examples of corruption as they develop and "insist that law enforce- ment and revenue collecting officials go to jail and be publicly disgraced for involvement in graft and corruption." -- "Abandon our present devotion to the fiction that corruption is the special field of lower and middle echelon government officials. Instead place the blame squarely where it oe- longs -- right at the top." -- Agree that "no attempt will be made to dig into past history of anyoaie who henceforth toes the line." '·No weak-kneed or pussyfooting measures will have the least effect," the adviser said. His reports told of corruption extending to the very top of the Vietnamese customs collecting organization and said unknown millions of dollars in revenue had been lost. He gave examples ranging from police shakedowns to opium smuggling. The reports have been kept private because some U.S. officials feared disclosure would compromise the efforts of American advisers who rely on cooperation from Vietnamese officials. But the final recommendation of the report to AID was: "Above all, don't make this a classified subject and thereby bury it." S e n . E r n e s t Gruening, D-Alaska, chairman of the Senate subcommittee on foreign aid expenditures, and a longtime investigator of corruption in Viet- nam, told a reporter "our efforts are not effective because some of our agencies aren't concerned about corruption." "Corruption springs at you from bottom to top and the American taxpayer is paying the bill," said Gruening, an opponent of U.S. policy in Vietnam. Last week Gruening, after seeing copies of the adviser's Continued Page 7 VOL 96--NO. 57 TUCSON, ARIZONA, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 6, 1968 56 PAGES--10 CENTS LBJ Urges $500 Million Indian Aid WASHINGTON (UPI) --President Johnson asked Congress today to take steps to assure American Indians a living standard equal to other citizens. He called the plight of descendants of the first Americans a "shocking situation." In a special message to the House and Senate, Johnson called for immediate corrective steps to aid Indians. He put the cost at half a billion dollars,. The President advocated giving Indians a greater voice in their own affairs; improved economic, social and educational opportunities and tribal rights to determine whether state criminal and civil laws shall apply tions. to their reserva- The President noted there are about 600,000 American Indians, of which 400,000 live on or near reservations in 25 states. Johnson asked in their behalf: "There can be no question that the government and the people of the United States have a responsiblity to the Indians," Johnson said. "In our efforts to meet that responsiblity, we must pledge to respect fully the dignity and the uniqueness of the Indian citizen. That means partnership -- not paternalism." The President's specific recommendations action: for legislative Education -- Appropriation o£ $5.5 million to attract and hold talented teachers at Indian schools in addition to providing 200 extra teachers; $3 million for college scholarship grants for Indians, including for the first time special living allowances for Indian students; a heavily expanded, federally financed program to improve preschool program for Indian children. Health -- With health levels of American Indians and Alaskan natives far below any major population group of the nation, Johnson proposed a $112 million outlay in fiscal 1969 -10 per cent more than this fiscal year -- for health programs. They would also apply to the Al- utes, Eskimos and Indians of Alaska. He also asked for funds for. 600 new community Indian health aides for Health Service. the Public Jobs -- to meet unemployment on Indian lands -- estimated at 40 per cent -- Johnson asked for $25 million for vocational training. He also asked authorization of $30 million a year starting in fiscal 1970 for Indian road construction and greater federal assistance to Indians for low cost housing and improvement of water and waste disposal facilities. Fiery Air France Crash Fatal For 67 Persons POINTE - A - PITRE, Guadeloupe (UPI)--An Air France jet liner flying in perfect weather crashed into a mountain peak- Tuesday night only seconds from a landing. All 67 persons aboard, two of them Americans, were killed in the fiery crash. One of the victims was Mrs William Zeckendorf Sr., wife of one of America's most prominent real estate men. She had been in Lima, Peru, on a vacation and was flying here to join her husband on a Caribbean cruise. Zeckendorf had arrived barely two hours earlier. The other American aboard was identified as J. Rosenbluth, a New York lawyer. Cause of the crash was a mystery, but it almost exactly duplicated an Air France disaster in the same spot in June, 19G2, when another Boeing 707 hit the mountain killing 113 persons. In each case the planes were frying from Lima to Paris and in each case there was no distress call from the pilot--just word that he was landing and then silence Mrs. Zeckendorf, second wife of the real estate man, was traveling alone when the plane struck. Zeckendorf was waiting in Pointe-A-Pitre for a reunion that became a tragedy instead. The Zeckendorfs lived at 30 Beekman Place in New York and had a home in Greenwich, Conn. 47 Aboard Are Killed REDS DOWN TRANSPORT 21 Trapped In Louisiana Salt Mine MORGAN CITY, La. (UPI)-Fire destroyed the entrance to one of the world's largest salt mines today and trapped 21 men at the bottom of a deep shaft. Officials of Cargill, Inc., said the fire started about midnight and destroyed the "shaft head frame" at the Belle Isle salt mine 15 miles south of here. All communication with the men below were cut. The company said emergency oxygen and lighting were stored in the mine. The company said the fire was believed out, but the Coast Guard said in New Orleans it was still burning at 10 a.m. EST. The spokesman said both Coast Guard and local units were fighting it. Emergency crews rigged a "man cage" to be lowered down a small shaft which runs parallel to the main shaft. The original cage was trapped at the bottom when the fire started. Cargill dispatched safety officials from i t s o f f i c e s i n Minneapolis. A U.S. Bureau of Mines emergency crew was sent from Dallas. The Belle Isle mine is located on the Louisiana coast south of Morgan City. It is part of a string of "domes" of solid roak salt along the coast. Inside Today's Citizen Dr. Alvarez 18 Bridge 22 Comics 23 Crossword Puzzle 19 Deaths 36 Editorials 26 Financial News 34-35 Show Times 21 Sports 27-31 Young Citizen 32-33 TV-Radio Dials 19 Weather 35 Woman's View 12-15 GETS U.S. ASYLUM Top Czech General Defects No Coins In Fountain A parking meter turned fountain gushes water in flowing tribute to an unusual winter in Virginia, Minn. Lack of snow cover permitted frost to pene- trate deeper than normal. The result was a rash of broken water mains. Water from a broken main found its way up the meter stem. (AP Wirephoto) REPUBLICANS PROD LBJ Copper Strike Action Urged WASHINGTON (AP) - Even as negotiators met under White House auspices, the House Republican policy committee urged President Johnson Wednesday to take more effective action to end the long copper strike. In a statement issued by chairman John J. Rhodes of Arizona, the GOP group said the Rej. WASHINGTON (AP) - The State Department said today Maj. Gen. Jan Sejna, the Czech army's top political officer, has defected to the United States with his son and his son's fiancee. The Communist general "applied for and was issued a visitor's visa in Rome last week, and flew here Feb. 28, press officer Robert J. McCloskey said. "He now has requested permanent residence in this coun- try and his request is under con- j anticipated important intelli- sioeration," McCloskey added, gence information from him. Sejna, 40, is believed to be the highest East European Communist Bloc officer to have fled to the West. He was a member of a Communist faction under attack from the new Prague leadership which took power in January. McCloskey refused to comment on a wide range of questions about the defection, including whether the United States Sejna left Czechoslovakia 10 days ago and reportedly traveled through Hungary, Yugoslavia and Italy en route to the United States. The genera] fled while Czech courts were taking away his immunity as a member of parliament. Press dispatches from Prague reported he was accused of misappropriating state funds. Pat Nugent ouis Unit For Gallup WASHINGTON ( U P I ) President Johnson's son-in-law, Patrick Nugent, has rejoined his old Air Force reserve unit that was recently called to active duty and hopes ultimately to be sent to Vietnam, reliable sources said today. Nugent, 24, who married Luci Johnson on Aug. 6, 1967, switched to the Texas Air National Guard after the Nugent? moved to Austin, Tex. But sources said Nugent asked recently to be transferred back to his former Air Force reserve unit in the Washington area -- the 113th Tactical Fighter Group. It was among units put on active duty Jan. 26 by the President just after the seizure by North Korea of an American intelligence ship, the USS Pueblo. Nugent was said to want very much to go to Southeast Asia and Vietnam, particularly since his former unit was activated. lack of action to invoke emergency provisions of the Taft- Hartley Act "is extremely difficult to understand." The cooling-off provisions of that act, the Republicans noted, have been invoked 28 times in the past. They added that the President told the nation in 1966 that he would recommend legislation to end crippling strikes, but has sent Congress no specific proposals. While supporting the basic right to strike, the GOP statement added, "More effective methods for settling lahwr disputes involving the national interest must be developed and those procedures for ending disputes that are presently available must be employed." Johnson summoned negotiators for the 26 striking unions and the four affected copper firms to Washington Monday. They are meeting under a loose mantle of White House surveillance. White House press secretary George Christian said meetings resumed today with about 60 Doiv Jo?ies Averages NEW YORK (AP) -- Dow Jones 3 p.m. stock averages: 30 Industrials 833.91 Up 6.88 20 Rails 215.91 Pp 1.33 15 Utilities 12H.63 Up 0.32 Volume -- 8,460,000 union and 70 company representatives taking part. One session began about 9 a.m. with the Anaconda Co., he said, and others an hour later with American Smelting, Phelps Dodge and Chase Brass, a division of Kennecott Copper. Clouds Due, With Rain Probable Tucson's weather Has gone awry; Clouds may hide Our blue sky. Mae B. Shady CJoud cover, already hovering over many parts of the country, is expected to sneak into the Old Pueblo again, according to the weatherman. His prediction calls for variable cloudiness tonight and tomorrow with a chance of a few light showers. Rain possibilities for tomorrow stand at 10 per cent. As for the tonight's low is temperature, expected to range between 42 and 47 degrees, compared to ihe low of 52 this morning. The high tomorrow should be between 67 and 72 degrees. Yesterday the top was 73. At 2 p.m. today the temperature stood at 71 degrees with 35 per cent humidity. Full Weather Report, Page 35 meetings are this afternoon, Three other scheduled Cor Christian said, two involving Phelps Dodge and one involving Kennecott. He said he had no information on the discussions. The chief snag in the dispute has been the unions' demands for companywide bargaining covering all the widely scattered mining, smelting, refining and fabricating each company operations of Fighting Rages In Quan Long SAIGON (UPI) -- Communist groundfire today shot down a U.S. Air Force C123 transport plane flying reinforcements into embattled Khe Sanh. All 47 persons aboard were killed. The twin-engined plane was the third American transport plane to be destroyed at the big Marine base in the northwest corner of South Vietnam where Communist gunners in the surrounding hills have zeroed in on the runway. The big cargo plane was hit in one wing by a flurry of antiaircraft [ire as it was approaching the runway. Eyewitnesses said the plane spiraled to the ground and exploded into a ball of fire on inv pact, from lion. several hundred yards the Leatherneck posi- Ttoe crash was witnessed by passengers aboard a nearby airplane who said they saw no signs of survivors in the flaming debris. The C123 Provider had left the Marine supply head at Phu Bai with 44 passengers -- all American military men -- and crew of three, an Air Force passenger official told UPI cor- :espondent Richard V. Oliver. Most were believed to be Marines. Heavy fighting was reported today in the Central Highlands and at Quan Long in the ex- Ireme southern tip of South Vietnam where South Vietnamese troops killed 275 Viet Cong and drove the rest of an enemy battalion out of the ruined city. '.'he fighting at Quan Long -once knowr as Ca Mau -- was incredibly savage. The guer- r i 11 a s murdered hospital patients in their beds, burned down 1,000 houses and held the hospital for 11 hours. South Vietnamese forces destroyed the hospital to flush out the Viet Cong. Today as the Vietnamese troops pursued them through the mangrove swamps that makes Quan Long look like the end of the world there was another burst of savagery -- a farewell barrage from hidden guns and mortars. Twenty-five South Vietnamese soldiers were killed and 67 wounded in the fighting, most of which raged around the rubbled hospital where the Viet Cong had murdered patients with sub machineguns and which became the target of South Vietnamese artillery. UPI correspondent Robert Kaylor reported from Quan Long that 20 civilians were killed and 50 wounded. The U.S. Command in Saigon released today a captured Viet 'ong document which said that in the Tet offensive the Communists expected the nation to rise up in support of the offensive. But the guerrillas said this sup- Dort waned when the Reds 'ailed to : we quick victories n the cities. G e n . William C. Westmoreland meanwhile felt corn- jelled to issue a formal statement in Saigon aimed at dispelling reports of a rift between the U.S. Army and the U.S. Marine Corps on the conduct of the war in the five northern provinces held by the Marines. The reports arose when Westmoreland sent Gen. Creighton Abrams, his assistant commander, to the Marine-run Northern I Corps area to take over managment of the Demi- itarized Zone and the Khe Sanh area. He siaid the change was necessary because the number of Army units sent in to support he Marine had made the Marine command unwieldy. Clause Restricts Housing Bias Charges To Boiia Fide Offers WASHINGTON (AP) - The Senate amended the open housing section of its civil rights bill today to require that charges of discrimination must be based on bona fide offers to buy or rent a house or an apartment. Sen. Gordon Allott, R-CoIo., author of the amendment, said bona fide meant that a buyer must be "ready, willing and able to perform." His amendment was one of three quickly adopted at today's Senate session to the part of the bill that would make it u n l a w f u l to refuse to sell or rent a dwelling because of race, color, religion or national origin. All of the amendments, adopted by voice vote, were designed to affoz'd property owners with additional protection. The Senate narrowly rejected Tuesday an amendment to exempt single-family dwellings from the open housing provision while writing three antiriot proposals into the legislation. Allott said his amendment was necessary to prevent harassment of property owners by charges of discrimination from persons who were not financially able to buy or rent or whose offers were otherwise not genuine. However, he modified his amendment to take out a requirement that offers must be made in writing. This drew a strong protest from Sen. Roman L. Hruska, R-Neb. Hruska said that under present law, oral'offers are not enforceable in the courts but the bill would permit them to be the basis for damage suits charging discrimination. Sen. Peter H. Dominick, R- Colo., won approval of an amendment that would require the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, upon receipt of a complaint charging discrimination, to furnish a copy to the property owner. An amendment by Sen. Robert C. Byrd, D-W.Va., would provide that a plaintiff in a discrimination case could not collect attorney fees unless the court found he was not financially able to pay them. ,1

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