INDEPENDENT Htnui a. Riddo. PsMmv l.,-:iel II. KU". d-fM.^t Smart C. Conerw. Central MJKJ(,- Bcmj'd I. Kiddir Jr., Ka'iite" Mtiute W'jlttr II. Fnljt. .\-i'!tK! i. :!,, FiMihtr Villi.-.K V. BIOOK. fdiin Milts K. S.-.-I Â·'. K (Â·Â·*:.Â·:Â· KJ'"- Miltolm Eplrl. Anoeulf EJn-'t S:frlli:f /I.''.'..-. .'.lj'..i;//:Â» fcl'r.. D..-B Ohl, fJi:tt'u! /'.:.;.- rjs-- ' .1. l.V//. ; '.--. }... Â£|';/ have several openings . . .' LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA, TUESDAY. FEBRUARY 25, 1969 A new name, new approach for HUAC AFTER 30 stormy years, the House Committee on Un-American Activities is getting a new name. By a vote of 305 to 79, congressmen have rechristened it the Committee on Internal Security. The change is an improvement. Under the old name, even the commonly-used acronym for the committee -- HUAC -- stirred strong emotions. Some partisans hotly resented this shortening of an unwieldy name. They consid rred it a mark of disrespect. THAT key word "un-American" promoted discord by itself. Kvery man was free to define it according to his own prejudices. The meaning of "internal securi- ty'' is clear enough that it is not likely to incite fist fights. The committee's assignment will be essentially the same as before. Us investigations and hearings will focus on "Commun ist and other subversive activities affecting the internal security of t h e United Stales." But the indi rations are t h a t it will broaden its objectives beyond the expo sure of spies and plotters. Secret conspiracy is only one ingredient in a mixed bag of activities, reported daily in dozens of cities across the United States, that aim at subverting the established order. New Leftists such as Tom Hayden and Rennie Davis, far from involving the Fifth Amendment, proclaimed themselves be fore the committee as revolution aries. Hundreds of others identify themselves under the same label. THE HOUSE committee will not have the time to investigate all these individuals. Presumably it will not pass over the more obviously dangerous subversives, but its new moderate or liberal members may he expected l look also for deep-rooted causes of the turn toward open revolt. The new approach will almost certainly prove more d i f f i c u l t than the mere identification of troublemakers, but it should also t u r n out to be more f r u i t f u l . Why not try hippies in police work? AN UNOFFICIAL organization known as the Belter Berkeley CounciJ (BBC) lias suggested t h a t the police department of that city extend its recruiting efforts to the hippies. It may seem hard to believe, but the idea was no put-on. Accustomed to almost everything, the, police brass reacted with admirable calm. One reason was that the department has been able to fill only four posi lions of a 30-man increase authorized last September. LT. J. R. CROOK did note thai a police officer must be clean shaven and willing to wear a hat. But he offered to give written examinations and the decisive oral tests to the most mi- sheared of applicants. "The findings as to attitudes and such arc much more important than physical appearance,'' Lt. Crook said. This remark ranks as one of t h e most sensible yet made in t h e prolonged series of clashes between tradition-bound officials and citizens of unconventional looks. It almost amounts to a declaration of peace between t h e police and the hippies. THE TROUBLE with the BBC proposal is that il does not guarantee any interest by the flower children themselves. BBC is left of center but no true dropout from society, as is every hippie worthy of the name. How do you get a dropout to join the force that most actively protects society? Perhaps Lt. Crook has the an swer--an open door, with the promise to look closely at the human being under the eccentric exterior. Other protectors of society might rescue some of these lost, souls by following the same policy. TOWN MEETING Williams talk praispr) EDITOR: The. Independent. Press-Telegram's coverage of blacks on the CSLB campus (Jan. 26. 1969) was not an altogether accurate appraisal of the situation out there. There are two other very important factors that should have been included. Probably one person was responsible for the lack of violence on the CSLB campus a few weeks ago. He is the Rev. Harvye Williams, president of the Long Beach C o m m u n i t y Improvement League. W i l l i a m s spoke for half an hour mi campus January 15 and kept an estimated crowd of 1.501) s t u d e n t s and f a c u l t y quiet and t h o u g h t f u l . In eloquent and meaningful words, Wil iKjins told the crowd wlial it was to be a black man: he also warned the black students against the subversive forces that might nol have i h r - i i best interest at. heart. Il was a f t n his speech thai the black students put the lid on their boiling pol, and voted against any furl her disturbance. What was i n t f r e M i n g about t h a t day was that many while siudents were exposed lo an educated, cul- lured black man who knew what hn was saying. They respected him and left that meeting w i t h a new otu- look toward t h e i r black brothers. All of which leads to one of the most crucial problems of today. Many while students are afraid of the black students because they have never been exposed to lliem. 'Ihey have not known them in school, in i-hurdi. or in social s i i n a t i o n s . They (inly know wlial Ihey lead in llie IMper.t. and o f l r n t h a t coverac? can lc-)d I" Ir.ir. U n d i r f u n a l P l y many ol us today cover up fear w i t h hostility which seems to account for much of the m i s u n d e r s t a n d i n g t h a t exists between black and white students. Surely the situation would improve if newspapers told all of the story and most especially it would improve if schools step up integration at lower than college level. That way an understanding may be brought about on both sides before fear moves in. Long Beach I . U A N N H W. PRYOR K o r p voting nl 2 I EDITOR: Centres.-. Â«-etiis in be suffering H \ i i u s -- t h e chief symptom being a craving for young love, frequently expressed by wooing Hie vote righi for IS year olds. I am nol convinced t h a t the in- volvmeni lo today's youth is the kind t h a i qualifies them for the franchise. I am not so sure that the commcm characteristics of impetu- ousncss, i m p a t i e n c e , shortsightedness, the inexperienced evperi- mcmal natures of our youth juslify lowering llie voting age just 3 years. The four states that have already done so show no significant or subs t a n t i a l benefits except that the roll of voters is larger. Proponents argue there is no magical q u a l i t y in age 21. 1 submit t h a t there is even less in the age 18 when related lo voting. They argue that 21 is merely an arbitrary age set years ago. Js there less an arbi- t r a r y q u a l i t y lo age IS'.' HILL BI.F.DSOK I .on" l'.e:ieh Nixon i over problem of Thurmond WASHINGTON -- PresidepfNix on called Bob Finch, the Secretar; of Health, Education, and Welfare ID t h e White House the other day u discuss wlial to do about Sen. Sir Thurmond. 'Hie austere Senator from Soui' Carolina, wild stands on his hcai and dots daily push-ups to keep I I ; is credited wiili holding the South n line fur Nixon at the Republics convention lasi year. HE BROUGHT NIXON hehim rlosed doors to talk to southern do! cgates. While 'Ihumiond beamed p,i ternally, Nixon promised the soul; enters that he would lei local ilk tricts set the guidelines for schuu desegregation. This was exact l\ what southerners wanted to hea but was contrary to the law passr-i How military makes policy WASHINGTON -- A secret dispute has developed between the State Department and (he Joint Chiefs of Staff over American commitments to Franco Spain. At one point, the military almost made a U.S. pledge lo fight for Spain as though it were a NATO country. The Senate Foreign Relations c o m m i t t e e , which is s t a r t i n g to s i u d y how the U.S. gets i n t o mili tary obligations abroad, got wind of the blow-up between the State Department and the Pentagon at its peak. A committee staff member inquired and was told by both sides t h a t there was no disagreement, no trouble. The executive departments arc not inviting the senators inlo their quarrel. BUT the trouble has been brewing for months. The issue is now on its way to the National Security Council and will have to be decided by President Nixon. The story is a new case history of how the U.S. can stumble into a foreign war. The immediate issue is the two air bases and the submarine base which the U.S. has in Spain. Although American officials disagree on their precise value, there is general agreement that none is essential to national security though all are useful. The base agreement runs out this year. It provides that unless Madrid and Washington agree on renewal terms by March 2G. the U.S. must evacuate within one year. Talks on renewal went on during much of I96S. But last September, t h e - Spaniards broke off negotiations saying the gap between their price of $700 million in new weapons for another five years' use of Ihc buses and t h e U.S. offer of SHI) m i l l i o n in weapons and services was loo big. If il was a b l u f f , it didn't work. So in October, Spanish Foreign Minister Fernando Maria Castiella called on then Secretary of State Dean Rusk to launch a new approach. In place of the diplomatic talks, an American military mission was assigned to a three-stage discussion with the Spanish military, who dominate Spain. They were to assess the actual threat facing Spain, the "tasks and missions" the Spaniards must u n d e r t a k e to face i t . and then t h e equipment needed to do the job. RUSK'S idea was that by t a c k l i n g i he subject in terms of needs rather i h a n supplies. Madrid could br brought way down from its cxhorbi- l a n l demands for its three armed services. Rusk also asked, twice, for a six- month extension of the March 26 deadline to give the new adminislra- tion time for this important policy decision. The Spaniards flatly refused. On November 18-20. Gen. Earle G. Wheeler, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, visited Madrid and opened the talks. He made a general speech about western strategy and mentioned in passing "the potential problem of political instability in North Africa." And to head the mission he named Maj. Gen. David A. Burchinal, a tall, dapper man who as deputy to NATO chief Gen. Lyman Lemnilzer has the dual role of second in command over all NATO forces in Europe and over all American forces in Europe. R u r r h i n a l stalled work on Dec. 7. Two days later he signed a joint minute with the Spaniards on the threat they face. It included as a serious element the t h r e a t of limited war in North Africa, m e n t i o n i n g such possibilities as Algerian aggression, a "proxy" war in the Spanish colonies backed by the Russians, and o t h e r h i g h l y u n l i k e l y develop- FLORA LKWIS ments. His signature to this vast expansion of Wheeler's remark implied that Spain was justified in seeking far more weapons than the U.S. wants to give. While he worked, he kept his papers locked in a safe at the U.S. air base at Torrejon, which is under his command. Neither the U.S. Embassy in Madrid nor the regular U.S. military mission there was given any word on conduct of the talks, nor could they possibly get access to the papers which were taken each night from Madrid to Torrejon. Burchinal sent his copy of the signed minute back to Wheeler. It was not shown to the State Department nor to Pentagon civilians. After two weeks, with the intervention of top Pentagon civilians, I he paper was f i n a l l y produced. THE civilians, at t h e Pentagon and especially at Stale, were distressed with it. The extended refer- once to a t h r e a t from N o r t h A f r i c a could he used to involve the U.S. in a Spanish colonial war. They wauled t h e text changed. Burchinal refused on the grounds that it was already signed and that trying lo get a redraft would ruin his negotiations. So State and the Pentagon compromised. They agreed on the text of a "prefatory note" which was sent to Burchinal to be inserted in the next joint minute on "tasks and missions." The note said the talks were a useful exchange of views but that nothing in the first or future minutes could be considered binding. They also agreed on a proposed minute for the second stage and sent il to Burchinal to negotiate. It eliminated the whole passage about North Africa. There was no report from Burchinal for over a month. Then, in early February, he returned the jointly signed second m i n u t e w i l h a (leadline of 18 hours for approval. The J o i n t Chiefs demanded State's endorsement. The State Department people exploded- Burchinal had made Ihree crucial changes: 1. The "threat from North Africa" idea was reinserted. 2. A statement was inserted saying the U.S. was obligated to defend western Europe "of which Spain is an integral part." State department lawyers pointed out this could extend the NATO guarantee to include Spain, a vast and probably illegal commitment without Senate ratification. It could be used to drag the U.S. into a second Spanish civil war if Madrid held t h a t possible rebels were acting for Moscow. 3. The "prefatory note" was changed. It said that the minutes were "agreed views" of the two military sides and "must constitute" the basis for further talks on arms for Spain, though it still contained the phrase t h a t this was not a commitment. An inter-departmental meeting was called. II was stormy. Reluc- t a n t l y . State agreed lo endorse Burchinal's m i n u t e providing t w o changes were made. The f a t e f u l "integral parl of Europe" phrase was removed and a sentence was added 10 the "prefatory note" saying the t a l k s "do not necessarily reflect Ihc views of the two governments." The whole issue was then sent, as case number one, to the new intergovernmental committee for Europe set up under the Nixon administration's machinery for funr.aling policy decisions to the National Security Council. DREW! PEARSON by Congress. The enterprising Mian- Herald planted a t a p e recorder on ; delegate and got n f u l l t r a n s c r i p t Nixon's closed-door pitch. Throughout i he presidential (Mm paign. " I h i i r m o n d repeated i h i promise up and down the South Wail u n t i l Nixon reaches t h e \Vhii House, he promised his southern sa Irapy. The old order will he rrsiorr-i Secretary Finch, however, took of I'ice w i t h no intention of ignorin i he civil rights law which require federal funds to be withheld . fron school districts t h a t don't desegre gate. His first move was to ask Mrs Ruby Martin, a brilliant, 35-year-ol Negro lawyer, to remain in charg of the civil rights program. Finch even came to his predece? sor. W i l b u r Cohen, for advice o how he could persuade Mrs. Marti to stay. Cohen suggested that he o! fer her a promotion and a mor prestigious position. Finch went t her with the offer, which she turnei down to go i n t o p r i v a t e practice. HE SCARCELY got settled behin his new desk ;u HEW. howe.ygf, be fore T h u r m o n d demanded that'Nh on keep the secret promise he ha made lo Southern delegates in M ami and leave it up to the dtsSrid to decide what lo do about H'esegn gation in five school districts Mississippi, North and South Carol na. Strom is so unyielding of ill subject that he cast the only^Seiiat vote against the confirmation o Wilbur Cohen for HEW Secretary i 1967 because of Cohen's stand o desegregation. II is no small matter to go agains Strom Thurmond. Nevertheless, Sei rotary Finch insisted to Presidei Nixon that the desegregation laÂ« would have to be enforced. During the White House h u d d l i Finch also agreed t h a t he would d his upmost to persuade some 20 other noncomplying school dislric to desegregate. He might be able t talk a third, perhaps even half, o them into going along w i t h the la\ Finch said. THE SECURITIES and Exchang Commissioners have discussed h hind closed doors how to stop il' stock speculating t h a t is swaninn brokers w i l h paperwork and llirca ening lo bring t h e slock nuirki I n m h l i n g down in I h r higucsl era.-* since 1929. They agree t h a i I he brokers nn. more, nut less, regulating, de.'-pi President Nixon's promise in a can paign letter to stockbrokers' bcfoi his election to give them less. " I I Commissoners want legislation gi 1 ing them more power to curb con panics that seem to be in busine. more to promote t h e i r stock than produce goods. SIDEWALK SENATE MARSHALL HOLLINGSHEAD, rr- lired salesman. Long Bench: No. They should settle ii through Ihf U n i t e d Nations. They should t a k e every measure they can In keep out nf war w i l h Hie. Arabs. EDWARD DAVIDSON, retired bartender, Long Beach; I think they'd be justified. II seems to me it wouldn't help them, though. I'm not sure what Ihey should do, but staying neutral would seem lo he Hie wisest Ihing. JOHN HALL, cabinet maker, Long Beach: I think they would. Il mighl spark a war, but then, the Arabs seem lo be looking for a war. So I hey mighl as well gel il. over w i l h now. Why wasle lime? Would Israel be justified in retalia ing for the recent Arab terrorist a tack on one of its airliners? (Asked at Fifth street and J.nr Beach Boulevard) CHARLIE DAVIS, chef. I."' Beach: In a way. they'd be juslil'ic Bui I'm afraid il would start.anpih war in Ihc Midcasl. And"fipbi f wants to sec l h a l . War h a s v - t ' i avoided at all costs. I IhltiK I 1 United Slates should try lo meili.ii We do all the lime, everywhere. WILLIAM RYAN, engineer. I." 1 Beach: No, I don't believe su. ' two sides ought to sit down and *' lie their differences peaceful Otherwise, we'll have another war our hands. H won't necessarily h come a world war. but it may i volvc a lol of countries in that are CHARLES O'HARA, shipya worker, Wilmington: It seems to i 1 retaliation would be a natural i sponsc. It's a tragic situation in t Mideast. There are other problcr to solve as well, like, finding a hot for t h e Palestine refugees. Bnl sides arc justified from Ihnirjespe live points of view.
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