Four THE LEAVENWORTH TIMES, TUESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 26,1952. Editorial... "You're Kicking In to My Fund, Too, Ain'tcha, Chum?' A Burning Question As long as we can remember there has been argument over the use of tobacco. Is it harmful? Frankly we don't know. Opinions even among the medical profession, vary so much that it is hard to decide. The concensus of opinion seems to be that at least it doesn't do anyone* any good—unless you can consider pleasure, or an outlet for tension as being of benefit. The worst thing we have been able to deduce is that one can do too much smoking and it becomes costly. Straw Voting Again It seems that research along the health angle is inconclusive with lots of maybe's, probably's and possible's involved. Last week a man in Foster, Mo., summed the whole thing up pretty well. A reporter. found the man down at the grocery store stocking up for his 105th birthday the next day. He was puffing away on a pipe and was asked if he thought smoking was harmful. "Gee, boy," he said. "You'll have to ask somebody older than me." In spite of the failure of straw votes in the past when diagnosing presidential elections, the habit is still with us. Oddly enough professional pollsters get very accurate results in almost everything but find- Ing out who is going to be elected President. (Believe it or not there have been only a couple of failures there but they have been spectacular.) i Strangely enough both major political parties still use such polls to determine trends and find out weak- fcess to be overcome and strength to i» counted on, | One of the most recent polls shows tome. Interesting figures. It shows .•mat General Eisenhower can expect a better break among such nominally Democratic elements as labor, inde- pendents and racial groups than the GOP has enjoyed in years. But it has also found one group 'that shows little tendency to be influenced by him. It consists of the army of two and a half million or more, federal employes at Washington and throughout the country. This estimated five million votes which would be involved could swing the election. In 1948 results revealed that In every large state which Truman carried by small margins such as Illinois, Ohio arid California, the number of federal employes was far larger than his majorities. If any single group could be credited with Truman's reelection, it was Uncle Sam's hired help. You can bet the Democratic organization isn't letting this block of votes • go unworked on this year. Kansas Snapshots From Here and There There still teems to be three schools of thought on an old question. IB the world Oat, round or crooked? Tht most talked about road in America h that highway called "Detour." After a bud day's work some motorists would like to go faster in home-bound traffic, but they're afraid to leave their cars. The Lamed Tiller and Toiler says if you give a farmer a two-inch rain at the right time he doesn't care who is governor. It isn't the shiftless cars that cause the accidents, it's the shiftless drivers. The Lindsborg News-Record says most any man can love his neighbor as he does himself—if she's pretty enough. Collected From Other Typewriters JVot for Everyone Ihe Kansas City Kansan poses a study In contradictions: Life is just one contradiction after another. Pick up the average daily newspaper and you'll see on the same page headlines like this: "Life Getting Better All the Time." Also: "Thirteen Die on Roads." Ine death rate has been cut in half in the last fifty years, life expectancy lengthened. But how is life better for the thirty to forty thousands killed annually by automobiles, the quarter million seriously injured? How do Hie actuarial tables help these? You can rationalize many causes of death. And for accidental death caused by planes, trains and buses the survivor has a good chance to recover monetary damages, which go at least part way in assuaging the grief. But tragedy caused by highway accidents is often the bitterest of all. Some moron undertakes to pass a car at the top of a hill. Long Enough First steps 4vere taken two years ago to guarantee that a glue works or bass drum factory wouldn't be built next door to your homey little cottage. The ambition now can be realized. The zoning study was the big hurdle in this long continuing action which the city commissioners authorized. That has been completed and a zoning plan approved. Next step is the adoption of a building code. This should be a fairly simple step, because a standard code is available plus What They Are Saying The only limbs we want to see in our parks are those growing on trees.—Hagerstown, Md., park board chairman Paul Snyder, explaining the ban on shorts in city parks. Were it not for Southern independence the bad (Democratic) platform adopted at Chicago would have been much worse.— South Carolina Gov. James Byrnes. Too late he discovers an oncoming car. He tries to duck back into his lane. He side- . swipes the first car and spins into the path of the other car. He probably gets out of the jam with his life. Half the occupants "of the other two vehicles are killed and maimed. They were innocent of any wrong doing, just proceeding down the highway in orderly manner minding their own business. Full justice can never be done. The guilty often gets off without punishment. He may not even have liability insurance- so his victims can recover something to defray the grievous losses. Careless irresponsible drivers, taking advantage of lax regulations and lax enforcement, cause more damage and sorrow in a year than murderers. Yet the public has less protection against them than against those whom the law prescribes as felons. Life is NOT getting better all the time for everyone, not by a long shot.—Parsons Sun. the minor embellishments which neighboring cities found best suited their needs. With the building code adopted, zoning can be completed. There is nothing here to require prolonged 'consideration by city officials. And in a city that obviously needs zoning to permit residential expansion in safety", there should be no delay. Two years is long enough to make sure that the glue works stays where it belongs. —Chanute Tribune. We must either get completely in the (Democratic) Party or get completely out There is no room for us on the fringe.— Georgia Democrat Spence Grayson. They (Communists) know individually that the case they are stuck with is bankrupt.—U. S. government observer C. B. Marshall. THE DAILY TIMES By D. R. Anthony Entered a> second-class matter at tha post office at Ltuvtrworti Kansas under the act of Congress, March 3, 1B7S THE TIMES TEL'-S THE TRUTH THE LEAVENWOHTH TIMES published evenings (ex.ept Saturday) and Sunday morning. .Established in 1857. Consolidated with the Conservative established In 1860 The Bulletin esteD- lished in 1862. aad The Commercial 'iliblished in 1865. w. *«= ouueun «uuu Circulation of The Evening Standard and The Chronicle-Tribune consolidated with The Times In 1903. Circulation of The Leavenworth Post absorbpd *n 1923. """ u " ua "= a wlvn iam THE _ DA I LY TIMES is delivered br" carrier to any part of Leavenworth or suburbs for 8So BY MAIL In l*avenworih and adjoining counties per year Beyond Leavenworth and adjoining counties, per year |6.00 THE NATIONAL WHIRLIGIG WASHINGTON — The political independence o~ the Federal Reserve Board will undergo a severe te-t during the presidential campaign as a result of Truman-Snyder concern that rising interest rates on money, investors' refusal to buy government securities and sluggish economic activity may jeopardize Democratic chances in November. It is this agency which, to a great degree, controls the amount of cash or credit available for business and industrial needs. It can pursue a program of easy and plentiful money, as the White House wishes, or it can erect safeguards against inflation. For more than a year, it has followed the later policy.although its efforts have been offset partially by government spending and Congressional termination of consumer controls. Nevertheless, its power to apply a brake to high-wide-and-handsome government borrowing provides almost the only check against runaway prices and a boom rather than realities. To the chagrin of the Truman-Keyserling spenders, it has dared to use its authority on behalf of conservative financing. In early 1951, the Reserve negotiated an agreement with Treasury under which it refused to support government bonds at par, and to purchase federal securities at a premium from the banks. It also declined to buy portions of issues which Snyder could not sell to private investors. In short, it abandoned its function as an Administration pawnshop. The results have been most unhappy for the Truman-Keyserling faction, which believes that a slight dose of inflation keeps everyone happy and Democratic, at least temporarily. Several types of government bonds are selling for ten points less than they were a year ago. Two recent issues were so uninviting, despite fairly high interest that they were undersubscribed. Private money is getting costlier. Banks are tightening up on loans. Commodity prices have stablized so that they are only 5 per cent above the post Korean peak. Although this is an orderly and healthy reaction, it does not make for the bustling, booming, political prosperity that Truman prefers. Although the monetary operations of the Federal Reserve Board and member banks are an extremely complicated affair, they can have extremely important political repercussions. It is not too much to say that the Reserve's policy in 1948 contributed as much i n Truman's reelection as the Truman-Brannan hornswoggling of the farmers on the grain storage issue. Here is the record Early in 1948, the federal reserve banks held only about 51,000,000,000 worth of government securities. Between that' time and the. election, however, they bought about $10,000,000,000 worth of Snyder's issues, of which more than half were acquired during the "whistle stop campaign" by Truman. Flushing these billions into business and industry created the .illusion of good times, as well as inflation. Soaring prices led consumers to buy as a hedge against even higher levels. Manufacturers built up inventories for the same reason. September, 1948, prices hit a new peak never matched until "scare buying" after the Korean invasion skyrocketed them again. Truman preached "prosperity," and surprised himself by defeating Dewey.- After the election, the Reserve reversed itself. It began to sell instead of buy government bonds. Prices and the cost -- living began to decline. The question now is whether Truman can persuade or force the by Ray Tucker Federal Reserve to come to Governor Stevenson's assistance by giving another "shot in the arm" to the economic system. By resuming its purchase of Treasury issues, the Reserve could bolster government credit, lower general interest rates ar.J provide another round of "political prosperity." Eisenhower should not lack for expert advice on this polilico-econo- mic problem, howerer. Marriner S. Eccles of Salt Lake City, former Reserve head and anti-inflation champion before he resigned, can brief him on any resumption of the 1948 practices. Eccles also happens to be seeking the Republican nomination for U. S. Senator in Utah. Dean Achcson recently furnished visible evidence that all thought of conducting a bipartisan foreign policy during the presidential campaign is out. It emphasizes the faqt recently mentioned here that the United States, especially in the foreign field, will be operating in a vacuum until after the November election— or the January inauguration. When the Secretary of State was asked for comment on the Eisenhower-Dulles statement that h e Administration's foreign program hid brought the nation into "peril," he did no try to meet the criticism of his erswhile aides and helpmates. His only answer was a deliberate and exaggerated snicker. Oddly, nobody at this particular p::ss conference retorted that the same warnings have been voiced by President Truman, Acheson himself and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Had It not been for their expressed fears of" an "expanding and aggressive Russia," as Acheson phrased it, the United States would not now be spending more than 560,000,000,000 annually on military and economic aid to nations overseas. ACCORDING TO HAL BOYLE MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republlcaUon of all the local news printed in this newspaper, aa well as AP news dispatches. National Advertising Representatives: Arthur H. Hagg and Associates, Inc., New York office. 3S6 Madison Avenue. Chicago office. 3BO v..rth Michigan Avenue. NEW YORK W— Ever pine to live in the days of old, when knights were bold, and the telephone was not invented? Those times seem glamorous and adventurous, as portrayed by Hollywood in such film epics as "Ivanhoe," based on Sir Walter Scott's famous tale. But a 20th Century man, suddenly removed to the heyday of this 12th Century, metal - plated Hopalong Cassidy, would find the going a little rough for his tastes. The modern girl would miss a few comforts, too. And as for Emily Post? . . . Shudder . . . shudder . . . shudder. There were no such niceties as present day forks and spoons. You hacked off slabs of meat with crude knives and ate by hand. Utensils were rarely washed. A husband coming home from the grocery store today is no such beast of burden as a knight faring forth to battle. His combat gear weighed 120 pounds, eight times the weight of the plastic body armor a Marine now wears in Korea. And buying a horse and suit of armor then was more expensive than it is now to purchase a Rolls Royce and a tailored sport jacket. A coat-of-mail—made by hand of tiny mesh rings — took one man four to five months to complete. And you only got one fitting. It was hard to be a Horatio Alger hero. The best way for a poor lad to escape lifelong economic bondage was to become a priest or a knight. To become a knight a boy had to be placed in the household of a nobleman as a page at the age of 12. At 16, if he made the grade, he became a squire, or shield- bearer to a knight. And the final honor of knighthood—at the age of 21 or later—could be conferred only by another knight, a priest, or by royal edict. It was no job for a juvenile delinquent. A knight found guilty of dishonorable conduct received no second chance. He sat on a raised platform, while six priests on each .side intoned the "vigil of the dead." After each psalm a herald stripped away a piece of armor. Then a bucket of filthy water was 'poured over the ex-knight's head, and he was publicly executed. There was no parole system for ordinary criminals either. A common form of punishment was "the judgment of God"—the pouring of molten metal into the miscreant's ear. You could get this for stealing a handkerchief. You think taxes are tough today? In those days the tax collector assessed you not on the basis of what you said you were worth, but what your neighbors said. As they were all in the same boat, however, some of the people were real neighborly on this point. Highways are dangerous enough now. But then they were so outlaw-infested that even a lord dare not ride from his castle at night except with an armed bodyguard. And while the moats were a great protection against enemies they also bred a lot of typhoid. To get your rights you couldn't call a cop. You had to fight for them under arms. But ladies, priests and persons under 21 weren't allowed to fight. They hired professional knights, known as "puggies." To be a knight wasn't easy. You were supposed to have a knowledge of music, dancing, penmanship,- drawing, horsemanship, the use of all standard weapons, and a mastery of the art of carving a side of beef at a banquet. (The last requirement explains the current shortage of knights in rationed Britain.) Medieval ladies often made vows never to undress or bathe until the lord of the manor returned from a journey. One wife kept this pledge for seven years while her knight was off on a crusade. You can see now why knighthood died out. How would you like to come home to a dame like that? Dr. George W. Crone's WORRY CLINIC / should a woman act when she is going to have a baby? Should s,..e feel frightened? Should she be irritable and faulted? Is sh« entitled to throw a temper tantrum and browbeat her husband into waiting upon her, hand and foot? Or should she do her own housa- work and take an active part in social as well as church affairs? Case E-346: Catherine R., 38, is the wife of a, successful optometrist. "Dr. Crane, 1 have followed your psychology cases every day and think they are very educational," she began. ''Recentiy, you described the wife who had temper tantrums while pregnant. "I am more then disgusted with women who become cry babies or , browbeat their husbands just because they are going to bear a child. "After having borne four children, I certainly know what child- birth is like. In fact, I bore two of them with out any medication or anesthesia'at all, so I had full consciousness of everything. "My physician had told me that housework was the best type of exercise for a pregnant woms/h, so I scrubbed my own floors and did my own work. "Furthermore, I took long walks every day. And I'did a last quick house cleaning even after my labor contractions started, for I knew I'd be down in bed for a week, once I gave up. "My first labor lasted from 4 a. m. to 11 p. m. or seven hours. With the second one I had few severe pains. In fact, the second baby was born before the obsetri- cian arrived, and so was my third child. "My last labor was the shortest being only two hours. The pain was pretty sharp but I soon forget it in my joy over having such fine babies. "Maybe I have had unusual success in bearing babies, but I think it is partly due to a woman's mental attitude. "I was brought up to do my full share of work and to perform my duties as part of my mission in life. Catherine shows the value of positive thinking vs fear. The average duration of labor with a first baby is approximately 18 hours. It may drop to 12 hours for tha .second childbirth. The first contractions are not so severe, being much like menstrual cramps. But the later contractions are more intense, though a thoroughbred woman can often go through childbirth with an unusual amount of stoicism. A woman is entitled to groan or cry out during the height of her contractions, but she is not entitled to scream and scratch and act like a spoiled child during the lulls between contractions. 'A physician nowadays can alle^ iate the pain by means of various drugs. During the actual birth of the infant, a little ether or gas anesthesia is usually employed. This technique worked excellently whether in the hospital or home delivery. And it blots out of a woman's memory the former painful recollections of childbirth. Many women are sick at their stomach during the first few months of pregnancy. This is usually not very serious. Others may actually be semi-invalided. And some with a small pelvis cannot go through a normal delivery, so they have a Caesarian operation. But even if the latter is necessary, a woman can safely hav« two or three youngsters. ' A wife should receive regular medical check-ups during pregnancy, but then enjoy life. Don't brood or worry. You doctor will tell you if anything is wrong. So leave the worrying to him. Attend movies. Go to church. And do the reasonable work around your house. Send for my bulletin, 'Tacts About Pregnancy", enclosing a dime and stamped return envelope. It will clear up many of your needless worries and thus help you maintain a relaxed happy outlook, which makes childbirth much easier for you. (Always writ* to Or. Crane 1m care of The Hopkins Syndicate, Box 3210, Mellott, Ind. Eccloft • Song, three cents stamped, selt-adav dressed envelope and a dime tP cover typing and printing coat* when you send lor on* of hi* psychological charts.) (Copyright by the Hbahta Syndicate. Inc.) REMINISCENCE 10 YEARS AGO. The board of county commissioners decided during a meeting yesterday afternoon to have the east and west steps and porches of the courthouse repaired. An ordinance designed to regulate operation of the farmer's market on Haymarket Square was placed on first reading at the meeting of the mayor and commissioners last night and probably will be introduced for a second reading at the next meeting; of the commission. London—(B—The head of the United States Army Ordnance commission said today the British and Americans both were producing a secret weapon which would prove a "great surprise to the Germans. 25 YEARS AGO. Twenty picked Boy Scouts of St. Joseph, Mo., in a "covered wagon" will visit Leavenworth Aug. 30-31 on a tour of this section of the country. The tour began yesterday, and ends Sept 2. Through the courtesy of the Chamber of Commerce more than 200 delegates, attending the twenty-seventh annual convention of the Kansas district of the Missouri Erskine Johnson's synod, Evangelical Luth*r«» church, this afternoon were furnished motor cars for a sight-seeing tour-of Leavenworth and vicinityv Several special speaker* have been secured for the annual instP tute for rural teachers, to be held at the Senior high school building-, beginning Monday morning. At least 100 teachers are expected to enroll during the day. 40 YEARS AGO. Although the farmers are very busy, many of them quit -their plows in the wheat'fields yesterday and took an afternoon off to enjoy the picnic at Easton yesterday. Features of the day wer» baseball, a speech by Senator G. H. Hodges, and a dance. An effort is being made to introduce manual training in tn« country schools of Allen county. A planing mill at lola has produced a model work bench which it has offered to furnish at a low figure and the county superintendent is urging adoption of manual training in the schools. One day's freedom for each day they work at building roads for the state, is what the Kansas State penitentiary warden ha» asked Governor W. R. Stubbs to give state prisoners. HOLLYWOOD HOLLYWOOD—(NEA) — Close- ups and Longshots: "Clash by Night" sent Keith Andes zooming into the feminine flurry league, but the ex-Broadway "Kiss Me Kate" singer isn't taking the bows as another classic-featured Robert Taylor or Tyrone Power. Says Keith: "That's not me on the screen. It's another guy. My real name is John, not Keith, so I can be objective about Keith. I'm ugly. My nose is too big. They can't get a decent still photograph of me. But that's Keith." Claire Bloom, Charlie Chaplin's leading lady in "Limelight," has already conquered the jinx that follows Chaplin's discoveries. She will be starred in "Innocents in Paris" for a British company. Producer Paul Gregory has an envoy in England trying to obtain movie rights to Bernard Shaw's "Don Juan in Hell," which he will film when finis is written to his First Drama Quartet's record breaking stage tour. It means an open fight with Gabriel Pascal, who cornered the movie market for Shaw's plays a decade ago. Frank DeVol about the latest feminine swim suits: "They'r* like a crime with no clue. A fellow just doesn't know,-where to look first." October's the month when song- stress Helen O'Connell will be free to wed Andy Mclntyre, e x- hubby of Marilyn Maxwell. Jennifer Jones decided that one of her costumes wasn't right on the "Ruby Gentry" set and tempers blazed. The dress was altered to Jennifer's specifications. Ethel Waters, who once said she wouldn't let Hollywood film her life story, had changed her mind. She will sell her. autobiography, "His Eye Is on the Sparrow," if she's given the right to approvt the screenplay. The villian of Cesar Romero's "Scotland Yard Inspector" is a movie producer who shoots it out with Cesar in the final sequence. "But it's a big switch," Romero's grinning. "In this case the actor shoots the producer." Producer John Houseman is predicting Lana Turner will be in the Oscar race for her emoting in "TributP tn - r--'~in n .".
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