Fight for equality not over with ERA passage By DIANNE SMITH Staff Writer Once the Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution is ratified by the five states needed to make it law, the real job begins for supporters of the measure. That's the view of someone well-versed in women's issues and causes, Mrs. Anita Miller, who is chairperson of the California Commission on the Status of Women. Addressing a morning session of the Palos Verdes-Rolling Hills Branch of the American Association of University Women in First Baptist Church, Rolling Hills Estates, Mrs. Miller said that conformance to the ERA will take a long time and that's "where you come in." Mrs. Miller, a past, president of the Sacramento Branch of AAUW, past state president and current national vice president, spoke on "1975 -- Year of the Woman and You -- AAUW's Crucial Role." CITING TOE need for ERA, she noted that until the last two years, the Supreme Court has never ruled in favor of a woman when the case ; dealt with her individual rights. "And, the 14th ' Amendment -- the one used by opponents as making ERA unnecessary -- has an equal protection clause, but it's never been interpreted by the courts to include women," added Mrs. Miller. "Ratification of ERA is only a beginning. We're closer to ratification in at least four states -- North Dakota, North Carolina, Missouri and Oklahoma -- than we were six months ago. Why? Because an election intervened and some of its opponents were defeated at the polls. ERA became a political issue, as did women's rights in general. For example, last year there were 200 bills relating to women's issues brought before the California legislature." With passage of the ERA, Mrs. Miller said groups have to concentrate on closing the educational and economic gaps that exist for women. "If women are not going to be protect- ed all their lives, they should know about it at 15, instead of 50," she added. Listing the reality behind the myths regarding woman's role, Mrs. Miller briefly outlined the purpose of the commission she heads. She was appointed to the post by former Gov. Ronald Reagan. "The Commission is composed equally of men and women and was established in 1965 as an agency of the state government, but it has never been funded adequately to do the job it was designed to dp. We're encouraged by the new administration. At least the governor's proposed budget increased our funding. "There are 17 members, nine from the public sector appointed by the governor, the Speaker of the Assembly and the president pro tempore of the Senate. The other members are the Superintendent of Public Instruction, the head of the Industrial Relations Department, three Assemblymen and three State Senators. "OUR MAIN concern is all laws that create a hardship on women. We also advise the legislature on pending bills and coordinate all groups working on women's issues," she explained. Turning to the actual status of women, she reminded her audience that women represent 53 per cent of the total population. "In 1900, a woman's average life expectancy was 48 years. She married young, had a large family, was undereducated and represented only 14 per cent of the work force. "In 1970, a woman's life expectancy was 75 years; she had at least a high school education; 9 out 10 were married and 1 out 2 divorced. And, women were 40 per cent of the work force in this state. Looking ahead, a woman's life expectancy by the year 2000 will be 100 years. So, we're not going away. We're going to increase our numbers." Referring to the current state of women in the work force, she said the average working woman in California is 39 years old, married and living with her husband. "Women are living longer, marrying later and having fewer children. And, their reasons for working are the same as men's -- economic necessity. Working women are single, divorced, separated or living with a husband who makes less than $7,00 a year. Did you know that 12 million children in the United States are dependent on a woman as wage earner? "YET, WOMEN on the average, earn 59 cents for every $1 earned by men and in California, the ratio is 49 cents to every $1. In the United States, 97 per cent of all jobs paying more than $15,000 a year are held by white males. Women traditionally hold lower paying jobs, even in the professions. Now, we have male registered nurses and already, they're earning more than women in the same field." Continuing with some startling statistics, Mrs. Miller said, "Women have been excluded Life/ style B-6-WDEPENDENT (AM) Long Beach, Calil., Won., Jan. 10,1975 Joyce Christensen, Editor PRESS-TELEGRAM (PM) Fiftieth dates observed The T.W. Engles A reception Saturday in the Long Beach home of their daughter, Mrs. Donald H. Clinton, will honor Mr. and Mrs. T. William Engle Jrof Long Beach, who : are celebrating their golden wedding anniversary. Married Jan. 29.1925, in Indianapolis, I n d . , the Engles h a v e been area residents since 1929. They also are parents of M r s . William R. Mohon- dro of Dublin and T. William Engle III of Long B e a c h . There are 19 grandchildren and f i v e great grandchildren. Mr. Engle operates a canteen-snack bar at Rancho Los Amigos Hospital, MR. AND MRS. T. WILLIAM ENGLE JR. Mr. and Mrs. Frank Hutter. 10-year residents of Seal B e a c h Leisure World, will celebrate their 50ih wedding anniversary Jan. 28 They were married in Los Angeles in 1924 and lived for 38 years in North "Hollywood. * TheVV.H. Zinns A reception Feb. 2 from 2 to 4 p.m. in the lounge at Grace United Methodist Church, will honor Mr. and Mrs. William H. Zinn of Long Beach, who are celebrating their golden wedding anniversary. Married Jan. 27. 1925, in Maeomb, 111., the Zinns have been residents here since 193fi. T h e y are oarents of Mrs, Daniel Dickenson of Irvine and Robert H. Zinn of Palo Alto. There are six giandchiidren. Mr. Zinn was employed by the Long B e a c h Unified School District for 28 years and retired in !%7 as head custodian at Polytechnic High School, a position he held for 21 years. In l!H!-53, Mr. Zinn w;is editor of tin 1 California School Employes pub- Downey. M r s . Engle retired in 1972 from Adam's Accounting Service in Long Beach. She is active with Long Beach Emblem * * * The Frank Mutters Mr. Hutter worked for the Selig motion picture studios in Hollywood and for Universal Studios' San Fernando Valley facilities u n t i l his retirement in 195S. Since 1933 he had been head of special effects and power there. Mrs. Hutter is a former stage entertainer. * * * Club 106 and Eastern Star in Lakewood. Her husband is affiliated with the Masons and Long Beach Elks Lodge 888. * * Both Mr. and Mrs. Hutter have been active in church work. Their first p a s t o r a t e was the El Segundo F o u r s q u a r e Church. In 1961 they were delegates to the World Pentecostal Conference in Jerusalem. * * MR. AND MRS. WILLIAM ZINN licalion and served as t h a t group's slate president from 1958 to 1058. Mrs. Zinn was employed more than 20 years as a draftsman in the defense industries. She is active with the Women's Society of the Methodist Church. Groups install officers DAMES CLUB D u r i n g luncheon ceremonies today in the Velvet Turtle Restaurant, Dames Club will install new officers, headed by Mrs. D o r o t h y Holland, president. Serving with her are Mmes. Steva Williams, C l a u d i a Eperjesi and Doris Sturgeon. GARDEN CLUB Mrs. Joseph Phelps is the new president of N a p l e s Islands Garden Ciub. She was installed during champagne luncheon at home of Mrs. Frank W. Dessel. Mrs. Mel Curtis, outgoing president, was installing officer. HOSPITAL UNIT D u r i n g luncheon cere- m o n i e s W e d n e s d a y a b o a r d t h e P r i n c e s s Louise. Terminal Island, Long Beach Community Hospital Auxiliary will install a new slate of officers. Receiving the gavel as president w i l l be M r s . Bryant Armstrong. Serving with her are Mmes. John Coffee, Richard Widetick. Gus Wade. W a l t e r O l i v e r , H o l l y Langer. Horace M c K a y and Robert Jones. Mrs. Bernie H e i m will be installing officer. Kamiyas take trip toCarmel Hongwanzi Buddhist Temple, Los Angeles, was setting for the Sunday afternoon marriage of Fumiyo Tomioka and Tomohiro Kamiya. Antonia Yu attended the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Satoji Tomioka of Kumamoto, Japan. She also is the niece of Mr. and Mrs. Sakai Tomioka of Long Beach. Eitaro Kimura was best man (or the son of Mr. and Mrs. Kusuo Kamiya of Osaka, Japan. The bride, an alumna of Polytechnic High School, is a senior at Long Beach State University, where she is a member of Ihe MRS. B. ARMSTRONG Community auxiliary Mrs. Dave Mosher is in charge of arrangements. VARI-ETTES Mrs. John Charney is the new president of Varieties. She was installed during candlelight dinner c e r e m o n i e s at Long Beach Rod and Gun Club. Others assuming new duties are Mmes. Beryl B u n c h , R a l p h Bishop, Alberta Simmons, Myrtle Hendrickson, L y n n Hagman, Roy Palmer, V.E. G r a y . H a r o l d Brunner and Wallace Schiffler. REBEKAHS During joint ceremonies Tuesday evening in Machinists' Hall, 728 Elm Ave., Del Mar Rebekah Lodge 275 and Odd Fellows, IOOF 390, will install new officers. Taking over as noble g r a n d for Rebekahs is Alice Foote and as master DOROTHY HOLLAND Dames Club grand for Odd Fellows, Carl Barnes. Others assuming new duties for Rebekahs - are Elma Shaw, Thera Birks, Lora Roberson, Edith H u n t z i n g e r , Ivy Brads h a w , Roberta Birks, Pauline Taylor and Sadie Cramer. Dorothy Brown, District 98 deputy president, and Harold Newman, District 98 deputy grand master, will conduct the ceremonies. GAR UNIT Abraham Lincoln Circle 44, Ladies of the Grand A r m y of t h e Republic, will install new officers, headed by Laura Kerr as president, during public ceremonies Wednesday at 12:30 p . m . in Veterans M e m o r i a l B u i l d i n g . Broadway and Cedar Avenue. MRS. TOMOHIRO KAMIYA accounting society. Her husband was graduated from Kansai University, Osaka. , Following a honeymoon trip to Carmel, the newly weds will live in Pasadena. Symposium on nursing at LBSU A "Symposium on Hypertension in Adults and Children" will be presented Thursday from 7:30 to 9:30 p.m. in Long Beach State University Student Union, Room 231. Sponsored by the Nursing Alumni Associatian of LBSU and Alpha Tau Delta, the program will feature a team of speakers f r o m the National Council on Hypertension. They will focus on the medical, emotional and cultural aspects of hypertension. Admission is free and there is parking available next to the Student Union. All registered nurses, n u r s i n g students and other health professionals may attend, from free access to being educated as they wanted for nearly 100 years. And, in earning power, it's proven that a woman with a bachelor's degree has earning capacity on the same level with a man with only an eighth grade education." She quoted a Carnegie Foundation report which claimed that women college professors were being shortchanged at least $2 million a year due to pay disparities. During a question and answer session, she admitted there had been an oyerreaction to the role of women, with her traditional one as wife and mother being down played. "It's a freedom of choice, not an either/or situation," she said. "It's still important when one in six families in California is headed by a woman. We should talk in terms of human rights, not just women's rights." New magazine slated for L.B. A general interest magazine with business features focused on Long Beach and its surrounding area is scheduled to open here in April, owner- publisher Vaughn Drage has announced. Drage, associate publisher of the 31,000-circulation Orange County Illustrated and its companion publication Orange County Business, said he and James C. Killingsworth, publisher of the Orange County magazines, hope to have found an office here and be in business by spring. Drage currently is looking for an editor and says he has several local people in mind. They envision a staff of nine including editorial, advertising and circulation, he said. Earlier they had hoped to have the publication off the drawing board this month but the economy - has caused a few months' delay. "We feel comfortable here in Orange County,"he said. "But rather than push it there, we decided to wait until April." Drage said the Orange County Illustrated has distribution on Air California and in certain specialty shops and other places in addition to its paid circulation. He claims it is growing 1,000 copies a month. Started in 1962, the magazine has 15 full-time staffers in its Newport Beach offices plus some part- timers. A SEPARATE corporation, Long Beach Illustrated Publications, Inc., will be formed with Drage as owner and publisher and Killingsworth as owner and president or vice president. Drage said the Long Beach magazine will incorporate the general interest features of Orange County Illustrated with some of the business stories of Orange County Business. He indicated coverage would extend as far north as Redondo Beach and the Compton area. Orientation for Marine Center pre-school set situation or field trip are more apt to have good rapport with thes- people and places in tense or emergency situations." An orientation for new mothers interested in enrolling their pre-schoolers in classes at the Marine Child Observation Center will take place Thursday at 7:30 p.m. in the Banning Adult School in Wilmington. The Center, which involves parent and child in classes together, offers the children an opportunity to explore science and craft projects. There also is access to an assortment of wheel toys and climbing equipment. Mrs. Miriam Kaye, instructor at the Center, explains its goal thusly. "Many children of preschool age have a vague concept of what parents do at work. Some of their ideas about people in uniform are confused by fears. "Children who handle a nurse's stethoscope, try on a policeman's badge, j u m p into a fireman's boois and visit a hospital as part of a class learning Further information is available from Mrs. Everett S c h w a r t z m a n in Palos Verdes Estates or the Carson-Banning Adult School Office. Day at Races planned Sunday A Day at'the Races at Santa Anita is planned Sunday by Clipped Wings, United Air Lines Stewardess Alumnae Inc. The day will begin with a social hour at 11 a.m. followed by a picnic lunch at noon in the Infield Circle. The lunch will be provided by the Pasadena members at a cost of $5 per coupie. Mrs. Joe Hammond of San Marino is chairman of the event, with Mrs Bill Stroud, also of San Marino, taking reservations. Â·.
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