Independent from Long Beach, California on January 20, 1975 · Page 15
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Independent from Long Beach, California · Page 15

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Long Beach, California
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Monday, January 20, 1975
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Page 15
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Lot Met, MM. MM., JM. M, Nominee Coleman: he^s sharp By JAMES T. WOOTEN New York Times News Service PHILADELPHIA - Ten years ago, when President Johnson offered one of this city's most prominent attorneys a seat on the U.S. Court of Appeals, the answer was no. "Turning down LBJ-may be the most notable achievement of my' life," William Thaddeus Coleman Jr. said Tuesday, with a chuckle as he recalled the late president's legendary powers of persuasion. · Despite that disclaimer, there h a v e been considerably more important accomplishments in the career of the 54-year-old Philadelphian whom President Ford nominated last Tuesday to become the Secretary of Transportation. As president of the Legal- and ! Educational Defense Fund, Inc., of ' the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Coleman has long been at the cutting edge of the civil r i g h t s movement in this country. HE NOT ONLY was co-author of the brief that helped persuade the Supreme Court to outlaw public school segregation, but he also served as co-counsel in a case that established the constitutionality of interracial marriages. Moreover, besides serving as chairman of the White House conference on civil rights in 1965, Coleman,, was a staff lawyer for the Warren Commission, which investi- g a t e d - ' , t h e assassination o f President Kennedy, has served as an alternate delegate to the United Nations and has been a member of the Federal Price Commission. "But this will be just my second, .full-time government job," he said Tuesday, remembering his first with obvious pleasure. It was a law clerk to Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter in 1948,-a job he shared with an old · friend and classmate from Harvard Law School, Elliot L. Richardson, the ambassador-designate to Brit- "HE HAS STRONG VIEWS on a variety of subjects," Richardson recalled recently, "but he always : approached a case with strict legal and constitutional perspective -and brother, he was sharp." ,' Coleman had established that ", reputation before working for Justice Frankfurter and even before his graduation, summa cum laude, from Harvard in 1947. A University of Pennsylvania graduate, he had completed a year of law school before he enlisted in the Army Air Corps in 1943 and was assigned as defense counsel in 18 courts-martial. He won 16 acquittals and one of the two convictions was l a t e r reversed. "And he wasn't even a full-fledged lawyer yet," Richardson said. COLEMAN WAS BORN July 7, 1920, in the Philadelphia suburb of Germantown. His father, the director of a local boys club, was a nationally respected social worker. After his tenure with Frankfurter, Coleman joined a prestigious law firm in'New York City, and in 1952 he was employed as an associate in the Philadelphia firm of Dilworth, Paxson, Kalish and Levy, one of the city's largest and most respected. In 1956 he became a partner · and now, a senior partner, his name has been added to the name of the' firm. He is regarded as an expert in transportation law. Coleman is married to the former Lovida Hardin, a graduate of Boston University and the daughter of a New Orleans physician. They met d u r i n g his Harvard Law School days. They have three children: William T. Coleman III, a 21- year-old graduate of Williams College and the Yale Law School who is serving as law clerk to a United States District Judge in Maine; Lovida H. Coleman Jr., a 25-year- old Radcliffe graduate who is now a student in Yale Law School; and Hardin L Coleman, 22, a senior at '· .Williams College. Senator Soaper HE THAT rewards flattery begs it. -- Thomas Fuller. FLATTERY is more dangerous than hatred. -Baltasar G; acian. GREAT MEN'S faults Are never small. -John Clarke. A GOOD AND faithful judge prefers what is right to what is expedient. -- Horace. HIS BROW is wet with honest sweat, He earns whate'er he can, And looks the whole world in the face, For he owes not any man. -- H.W, Longfellow i«5 INDEPENDENT (AM) George Robeson You don't have to pay forever More non-lawyers in politics Speaking of politics, as I was the other day (and as I do rarely), it seems to me that one of the most important restructurings we might make in our political machinery would be to change the "reward- system" for successful candidates for office. ' AS AMERICAN politics operates now, public offices tend to a t t r a c t mostly lawyers; both houses of Congress and most state and local offices are heavily dominated by the legal profession. Law and government, after all, go hand in hand, and the lawyer has a kind of professional expertise in such matters. Most of all, public office is rewarding to the lawyer per se, and non-rewarding to the non-lawyer. The lawyer in government can make a lot of money on the side, both legally and extra-legally, for himself, for the firm he has left, or for the firm he contemplates joining as soon as he leaves public office. Almost everything involved in government has its legal-financial aspect, which the lawyer-official can turn to his advantage: contracts, leases, construction, taxes, insurance, environment, you name Sydney Harris it. A lawyer doesn't have to steal in office; he just has to be moderately clever and enterprising, and he can get rich. But, while politics is "positively reinforcing" for the lawyer to enter, it is "negatively reinforcing" for the non-lawyer. Whatever else his profession or occupation, public office involves a sacrifice. He has to give up what he has always made a living at, often for a small- Medicine and you By BE ZINSKIl Medical-Science Editor er income, and with little opportunity to compensate or recoup. Out of the legal stream, the non- lawyer finds the important committees and agencies dominated by lawyers, while he possesses no leverage for making deals, siphoning business to his old firm, or devising corporate entities that will enrich him when he leaves public life. THE NON-LAWYER in politics is often sacrificing his financial future; the lawyer is augmenting his. The non-lawyer who has been successful must take a cut in his living standard (unless he has an independent income) when he enters office; the lawyer looks upon office-holding as one of the quickest and surest ways to raise his living standard, if that is what he wants (and that is what he wants). "Representatives" should be representative of the whole, spectrum of society; our founders, the signers of the Constitution, were mostly farmers, with some merchants, lawyers and artisans. We were not designed to be a government dominated by one breed, and it is time we devised a reward- system to encourage and sustain other kinds of men in offioe. Behavior modification is the best way to take weight off. and keep it off, says a Duke University medical school professor. Says Dr. Gerard J. Musante: "Treatment of obesity by drugs and fad diets generally fails because the patient lapses back into his former habits." Here are some of the behavior change techniques he recommends: » Wait one minute before beginning to eat. · Lay down utensils between mouthfuls. · Chew each mouthful 10 times. o Slow the pace of eating so that meals last at least 20 minutes. · Leave a little food on the plate at each meal. · Reduce the size of portions. » Do not serve food family style. · Use low-calorie substitutes. · Throw away or spoil (by dousing with pepper) any leftover food immediately after the meal is finished. Dr. Musante explains: "By increasing the time it takes to eat and by increasing the number of behaviors involved in eating, the patient interrupts the chain nf inappropriate eating behaviors." l)r. Musante, a Ph. D. assistant professor of medical psychology, lists some other tips to help the person trying to lose weight. · Keep no prepared snack foods in the house. · Shop from a prepared list. · Always shop after a full meal. · Eat only in one room and in one chair. · Mentally associate foods which should be avoided with something unpleasant or repulsive. · Turn off the light bulb in the refrigerator to reduce visibility of food. 1 · Keep all foods in covered containers so the contents are not visible. Brief sessions of exercise at lunchtime or d u r i n g spare moments are insufficient to build a healthy heart, says Dr. Lenore R. Zohman, a New York City cardiopulmonary physiologist. Dr. Zohman says that too much attention has been given to easy exercise plans and health clubs. Thus many Americans have been duped into a false sense of security. As for the current tennis rage, Dr. Zohman notes that the skilled tennis player may derive fewer benefits from the game than the inept player who is kept moving by scurrying back and forth chasing the ball. The report is in Modern Medicine. Milk exercise can improve awareness among institutionalized mentally ill persons who are elderly, a new study shows. Improvement in mental function resulted when the patients took brisk walks before and after a ses- ' sion of calisthenics, University of Maine investigators report in the Journal of Gerontology. Will Rogers Says . . . Columnists on the opinion pages are chosen to represent diverse viewpoints and do not necessarily reflect the editorial position'of this newspaper. "Our President delivered his message to Congress. You know that is one of the things his contract calls for. It's one of the few stipulated duties of the President, that every once in a while he delivers a message to Congress, to tell them the 'condition of the country.' "This message, as I say, is to Congress: the rest of the people know the condition of the country, for they live in it and are a part of it, but the senators and congressmen, being in Washington all the time, have no idea what is going on in America, so a president has to tell 'em. ' "The country must have been in pretty bad shape, as it took some 12,000 words for the President to tell how bad it was. You see, when a thing is in fine shape, it don't need much explaining, you can just write 'Country O.K.'" February 2, l!«o SOME PEOPLE who seek jobs can't find the jobs, or lose them when they get them, because of an old criminal record. It may be a small mistake, even an indiscreet remark, of m a n y years ago. It may, on the other hand, be a Big One. Later, the job applicant tries his best to be honest with the application form. And too much honesty, it seems, is not always the best policy. Just enough honesty will do. That's where Deena Hart comes in. She's a supervising employment counselor with the State office we all refer to as "The Unemployment Office," because that's where you go when you're unemployed. The state changes the name of the office every few months, and I gave up keeping track of its new names. She has some dandy examples of people who were a little too technical when they answered the question "Have you ever been arrested?" that appears on most job application forms. Some forms add the additional line, "If so, explain." Some forms don't bother to ask for an explanation. - "One man came in to see me, a man who had sought work for weeks. He always admitted on the form that he had been arrested. He explained that his arrest was for 'lewd and lascivious behavior.' But that was all the explanation he gave. "Further investigation disclosed, that he had said some naughty words in the presence of an elderly lady, who was offended, claimed the words 'dirtied her ears,' and had the man arrested." Such a c r i m e in California woidd be called "Disturbing the Peace," not nearly so lurid a sound as "lewd and lascivious behavior," which sends the imagination off into all sorts of rotten offenses. "I told the man to explain that he shot off his mouth once too often," Miss Hart said. "He got the next job he applied for, by doing just that. What man hasn't said offensive words at one time or another when they might be acci- dently overheard by someone who would be offended?" I MUST MENTION that Miss Hart is no kid. She is of a distinguished age and bearing, complimented' by her ornamental cane. But she's hip. She knows people, and she knows how to help. "I tell people not to lie on job applications," she says. "The reason people get fired under such circumstances is not because they had some sort of criminal record, but because they didn't reveal it. And employers can find this out with little difficulty, just "running a make" on the applicant. "But there is no law that says a man has to go out of his way to cut his own throat;" She advises people with criminal records to "tell the truth, but make the words as innocuous as possible." "An arrest can be a dramatic experience, or it can be little more than a bad twist in the day," she said, quoting the experience of a man on a hunting trip who plead guilty to being drunk with his friends inside their van and paid a fine, simply because he wanted to get on with his hunting. He thought nothing more of it, until 15 years later in Long Beach when his "criminal record" was discovered by an employer. He was fired. Not because he lied -- but because the old incident meant so little to him that he had long since forgotten it and answered the arrest-question with a "no". THE DIFFERENCE between the crimes that will keep you out of a job and the crimes that won't are often ludicrous, Miss Hart says. For example, it is better for a job applicant to be a murderer than an embezzler. "A person who has committed murder can still be bondable," she explained, "but that would be rare for an ex-embezzler." She advises job-hunters not to lie, sure. But if I had tunneled some dough out of the last company, I'd be better off if I told everybody I was a former hit-man for The Boys. At least I'd be a bonded murderer instead of an unemployed thief. For good reason, America has rediscovered the six-cylinder engine. Introducing the new280S... possibly your best reason to discover Mercedes-Benz. , Now there's a subtle new dimension in 6'Cylinder efficiency and economy. It's the new 280S Sedan from Mercedes-Benz. In every _ detail but the power train, this new 280S is the direct descendant of the now classic 450SE Sedans. A total safety commitment Come in and take a close look at a new 280S. You'll see that the total Mercedes-Benz commitment to safety is everywhere. You'll see that it is every inch a Mercedes-Benz, Arrange a test drive with us. Feel the control of the 4-wheel independent suspension of the 280S-no domestic sedan 'has anything like it. Know the security of its dual-circuit, 4-wheel disc braking system-a full 451 square inches of stopping area. The new 280S is in our showroom now. When you discover all that it offers, you may well decide that this is the Mercedes-Benz that you've been waiting for. See theMercedes'Benz at 3300 Atlantic Ave., Long Beach 426-7301,424-0754

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