The Hays Daily News from Hays, Kansas on December 14, 1976 · Page 6
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The Hays Daily News from Hays, Kansas · Page 6

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Hays, Kansas
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Tuesday, December 14, 1976
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Page 6
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14, 1976 l'A(iK MAYS DAILY NKWS Dryland Farming Doubtful Despite Water Shortage By MAKTIIA MANGKLSDORF Editors note: Kansas, like other high plains states, ' Is running out of water. But irrigators say returning to dryland farming is unacceptable to producers of the world's food supply. First in a scries. TOPEKA, Kan. (UPI) State water resource officials say scattered areas of western Kansas have run out of water and the condition is serious and even critical in widespread portions of western counties. James Power Jr., executive director of the Kansas Water Resources Board, said the state's underground water table has dropped more than 100 feet and as much as two- thirds of the underground reservoir has been depleted the last 25 years in several western counties. "The next 10 to 2'0 years will be very critical for western Kansas," Power said. "There's no question, that without changes, by the turn of the century, western Kansas will not* be much different than what the high plains of Texas face now." Texas is examining expensive options for buying water to ship to its dry plains and Kansas may be forced to look into the same purchase prospects in the near future. Last week, Gov. Robert COKE.,7-UP Your Choice 29* JB m qt. CENTENNIAL PARTY MIX Open 9 to 11 Centennial Center TTTT Bennett announced depleted water supplies, threatening Kansas' agriculture-based economy have prompted the slate to join five others to study dwindling supplies and economic reprecussions. The governors of Kansas, Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Colorado and Nebraska are expected to form the High Plains Study Council to obtain a $6 million federal grant to study the problem and alternatives. . "The best estimate is that if current water ' supply and usage conditions continue, the groundwater supply in western Kansas will last about 45 years," the Kansas 2000 report by the Division of State Planning and Research said. "In southwest Kansas alone, a fourfold increase in the need for water is expected by 2000," the report said. "But 98 per cent of the rainfall in western Kansas evaporates. The total water picture for western Kansas is dim." The report said Kansas' water demands will increase from 3.31 million acre-feet in 1965 to an estimated 7.59 million acre-feet in 1980, 12.44 million acre feet in the year 2000 and 15.95 million acre-feet per year in 2020. Tough political decisions may have to be made whether to cut back economic activity, and growth in an area where water supplies are low and agricultural demands high, whether state or federal givemments will subsidize high costs of supplying water to depleted agricultural areas and whether people in areas with water should relinquish it for transport to a dry area. Power said intensive irrigation in western Kansas is mining water four to ten times faster than it is being replaced. Agriculture takes up about 71 per cent of Ihe water used in Kansas. , Long-range projections had forecast Kansas farmers would irrigate three million acres by 1980. But the economic picture Improved substantially about 1973 and farmers began putting down wells and buying irrigation equipment at a faster clip than expected. Farmers surpassed the three million acre mark five years ahead of schedule. "The five groundwater management districts in Kansas are developing programs to extend the life of groundwater through efficient and wise use," said Delynn Hay, extension irrigation engineer at Kansas State . University. "In addition, K- State research is showing that less water is needed to produce irrigated crops. "But the fact remains, that the groundwater supply is limited and areas of severe depletion may have to return to dryland agricultural production," Hay said. Returning to dryland farming is flatly not an alternative to Rep. Keith Farrar, R-Hugoton. Farrar irrigates 460 acres of wheat, milo and soybeans in Stevens County. He attended the Oklahoma conference to create the High Plains Study Council. "In about 34 years the world's population is expected, to double and the need for this so-called, cheap food will double," Farrar.said. "That's about the time we'll be running out of water. Going back to dryland farming, to me, is not an alternative. We've got to be able to use this ground to its most productive ability." Farrar said the high plains feeds 40 per cent of all cattle on feed and that depends on irrigation. "We didn't have feedldts until irrigation assured us of the stability to produce corn and alfalfa," he said. "You can't produce corn or alfalfa out here under dryland conditions. That's made the difference In the feeding industry." Farrar said, until irrigation developed in western Kansas, farmers were able to grow wheat only every other year or every three years. Dryland acreage produced only about 30 bushels, compared to the 5060 bushels now harvested every year with irrigation. Rural Doctors, Prospects Suffering Image Problem (Second of four parts) ByDKANIIINNKN CEDAR VALE (HNS) — Medjcal schools should pay less attention to grades and more to the backgrounds of their incoming students, according to a physician here. Dr. Rosellen E. Cohnberg, the only doctor in this Chatauqua county community of 800, says that is one way Kansas and other rural states can be certain that there is adequate health care in rural areas. "A great deal of attention is paid to grades, as undoubtedly should be; too little attention is paid to the general 'set' of the student or the milieu from which the student comes," Cohnberg wrote in "Dialogue," a magazine published by the University of Kansas. "There is some value to programs that give attention to fostering interest in medicine among rural students," she said in an interview with Harris News Service. "I think there are probably students with equally high IQs and backgrounds from rural areas who might have interest in practicing in a rural setting. One of our problems is that we don't 'get' out and encourage rural students early on," she said. "They don't get involved in the beginning of a medical situation. They don't see themselves as doctors or nurses or whatever. They haven't got the feeling that this is a part of their lives. "We take kids in the third or fourth grades to a fire statidn or a police station and you have all sorts of kids who want to\ be policemen or firemen. We need to do the same thing with medicine. Take these kids to a medical center," she said. Even the preceptorship program, where University of Kansas Medical School students are sent to work with doctors in rural settings, is too little, too late, Cohnberg said. "We get them too late. At least this is my big worry," she said. "There are problems with a rural practice. I can see where young people might be afraid of it. Medically speaking, you are terribly alone. You have to SUPER BUY In RCA XL-100 II RCA XL-100 X>% SoW State Color TV make decisions alone all the time. Sometimes you wpuld give an arm and a leg to have another doctor to talk to," Cohnberg said. And medical schools tend to train their students to depend on specialists, she added. "Unless we can find more and more people who are independent, I don't krrow what we will do. A lot of these youngsters have never lived a pioneering kind of life — if that's what you want to call it. Medical schools don't foster this independent role — they foster a dependent role. "This is no way to produce, it-seems to me, independent thinkers and people who are willing to lead the lonely life of a rural physician," she said. "Part of the problem that exists is the fact that the academic community looks with disdain upon the family practitioner," Cohnberg wrote in "Dialogue." "That isn't changing," she said in the interview. "There is this terrible dichotomy between town and gown. They (med center personnel) think I am the LMD (local medical doctor) and don't have a brain in my head." "There is a very long way to go. On the other hand, any step is better than no step at all, and I think the precep- torship helps," she said. But even preceptees who have worked in a rural setting don't always return to rural practice. "I have one preceptee out of all of them who has made noises like she would like to come back here. But I haven't from RCA acn XL-100 BIG RCA XL-100 COLOR PORTABLE • 100% SOLID STATE • AUTOMATIC FINE TUNING • RCA'S BLACK MATRIX PICTURE TUBE • IN-LINE PICTURE TUBE 379°? fhe PHOJtCIA 17 model tuj'jb WITH MINIMUM TRADE-IN ALLOWANCE Includes Base $488 RCA In.- I t'NIlKllllh MI...M HI-VVi 19" diagonal w/i WITH MINIMUM TRADE-IN ALLOWANCE RCA 25" Diagonal Walnut XL-100 nan XL-100 XL-KX) Color-Trek System RCA 14 15" diagonal ItfSA BUM 19" diagonal RCA MSB" 25" diagonal \ $ 589°? $ 369°°. $ 499 00 W.T. WITH MINIMUM TRADE-IN ALLOWANCE NOTICE! TOP DOLLAR TRADE-IN ALLOWANCES AND SAME DAY DELIVERY AND INSTALLATION I 1 26 West 9tH WATSON T.V. & APPLIANCE Hays heard from her since she started her internship in June. "She comes from a small town in Montana. But she's going into a specialty internship. The chances of her backing up and coming into rural practice arp remote," Cohnberg said. (Next: The medical school view.) Accused Killer Found Competent LEOTI, Kan. (UPI) — Richard McCowan Monday was found competent to ,be tried on a first-degree murder charge for the May 25 shooting of Leoti Police Chief .Carl Simons. District Judge Bert Vance reviewed psychiatric reports from Larne'd State Hospital on the 31-year-old farm laborer before ordering him to be- tried. The trial is scheduled to begin Jan. 3 in Saline County District. Court at Salina. A change of venue was granted in September. Simons was found on a road north of Leoti May 25. He had been shot twice. McCowan was arrested the next morning about 100 miles west of the town in Colorado. He waived an extradition hearing and was returned to Kansas.^ McCowan is being held at the county jail in Scott City in lieu of $100,000 bond: " ,11 HOLIDAY m VALUES Great GIFTS of fine ..$& , home entertainment 7^ GIVE the action-packed HOME VIDEO GAME that works on any TV! QDVSSEY3QQ TENNIS 625-9751 ...the gift that has three action-packed games and lets someone test his or her skill and coordination at Tennis, Hookey, Smash. There's even tine added challenge of hockey goalies. Odyssey 300 has a 3-position skill switch for novice, intermediate and expert players. Also digital on-screen scoring, action sound and automatic serve. Odyssey the perfect answer to "There's nothing to see on TV!" HOCKEY Only $ 69.95 Odyssey works on any TV any size, any brand black and white or color... OIIJIAOLJ and turns it into an oMAon exciting electronic playground. MAGNAVOX THE ORIGINATOR OF HOME VIDEO GAMES Watson TV & Appliance 126W. 9th Hays 625-9751

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