Reprieve from irw People False Alarm Not Funny ThÂ« Public Interest Is The First Concern oj This Newspaper Wedrmday, February 21, 1973 Minority Rules There is some sentiment in the Arkansas legislature to extend to communities with the city manager form of government an Americanism generally observed otherwise--that lawmakers be elected by majority votes. Under th e city manager law as it exists in Arkansas, board members are selected at the general election, and the candidate who gets a plurality (more votes than his or her closest opponent) is declared elected--no matter how many candidates there are. In the last such election for four city board members in Fayetteville, only one candidate received more votes than his combined opponents. In the other three elections, no majority vote was gained. The winners received fewer votes than their opponents together. A provision in the law that a runoff election would decide the winner in case no candidate receives a majority in the first contest for office is a likely subject for consideration by Arkansas lawmakers. Such a change in the city manager form would strengthen this system of government. A Flaw Or Two Almost side by side with the question of majority vs. plurality election of city manager board members are the matters of: (1) at large vs. precinct representation, and (2) mayoral election by popular vote. The most deeply felt inadequacy of the city manager experience in Fayetteville, in our view, is an absence of precinct identity. There are no board members to represent the individual voter and his neighborhood. It is a considerable lack. The "at large" system dilutes the voter's sense of loyalty and interest in the performance of his or her area's particular representative (just as Arkansas people are more -'aware of what Sen. McClellan is doing than 'in the affairs of Dee Huddleston) the senator from Kentucky) or Ben Johnston (of Louisi: ana). There is too, a missing satisfaction in '. the very act of post-census reapportionment of "wards," which is a visible, concrete act Â· of equality in government. Fayetteville, blessed as it is with the University, still suffers the normal town-gown complex. Apportionment and representation by wards could help break away these real and imagined mistrusts. In addition, and 'perhaps more importantly, the notion of '"representative" government is a strong tradition in this country, and when things aren't going Â·well it is comforting to the voter to have a more obvious and specific a target than an entire city charter, or an entire board (which 'never comes up for simultaneous vote). The considerable incidence of refererjdums on city manager charters that marks their history through the past generation of their cyclic popularity, we believe, is in part because that is the only "handle" the electorate often can find. The disgruntled resident doesn't want to "participate" in Oity Hall affairs (the current fetish with our Board), except to be able to vote for or against a mayor (which he can't do under the existing charter), or to work at getting someone elected from "his part of town" who'll fight HIS battles for him. That is the nub of the "participation" business it seems to us, and unfortunately for political science theorists, electorates have a spotty record of permanent satisfaction with the state's city manager format. The regrettable thing about existing stat- 'utes is that few minor, fine-tuning alternatives are available. To make even a small reform, the whole machine comes into jeopardy. That, of course, could be the system's greatest fault of all. You Watch Sex Facing High'Court Showdown By CLAYTON FRITCHEY WASHINGTON -- It's been a long time "coming, but it now appears that : America is heading for a major Supreme Court showdown on the hotly controversial question of what is obscenity, especially as it relates to modern movies. Interest in the issue-is at an all-time high owing to the publicity and excitement over such new films as Marlon Brando's "Last Tango in Paris" and "Deep Throat, in which almost every conceivable form of sex is depicted without restraint. Something has got to give, for the production and exhibition of sex pictures featuring violence and what used to be called perversion seem likely to force the courts either' to impose stricter constraints or openly acquiesce in the prevailing assumption .that the sky's the limit. Several test cases have gradually worked their way up to the Supreme Court. A year or two ago most lawyers would have bet that the "strict construction ist" B u r g e r Court would be tougher on such cases than the old Warren Court. But now, in the light of the court's . recent liberalization of abortion laws and its decision against capital punishment, it's risky to guess how it will rule. The N i x o n justices move in mysterious ways their "strictness" to perform. It's reasonable to suppose, however, that the old Roth rule, to which the high court has generally adhered since 1957, is probably In for amendment or even abolition, for step by step it has, in practice, been broadened to permit almost anything. In m a n y respects, predicting the headlines is easier than forecasting the weather. Anyone can do it, if he makes sure his hunch is a general one. This Is particularly true with Congress. Gazing into his crystal ball, even the amateur can see a few things. For instance: -- Congress will weigh heavily the pros and cons of tax reform, and then postpone action until next year. -- Congress will then blame the Nixon administration for either "adding a new element to the controversy" or for "failure to exert leadership." -- The Nixon administration will accuse Congress of doing the latter, if Congress claims the former, and the former if Congress chooses the latter. -- Ways and Means Chairman Wilbur Mills of the House will then make an important statement on the mailer. -- Pundits will follow up with yet another biography of Rep. Mills. -- And finally, the overriding issue of the 1974 congressional elections will be the need for tax reform, generously sprinkled with threats of taxpayer revolt. ; The forecast for '74? Snow in Siberia and swallows coming home to Capislrano. -- Nashville (Tenn.) Banner ; ?fortifttiPBt Arkansas Qfont * 212 N. East Ave., Fayetteville, Arkansas 72791 Phone 442-6242 'Published every afternoon except Sunday, New Year's Day, Fourth of July, Thanksgiving Da; and Christmas Day. Founded June 14, 1860 ; Second Class Postage Paid at Fayetteville, Arkansat MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all news dispatches credited , to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also Â·',the local news published herein. :Â· All rights of republication of special dispatches herein, are also'reserved. Â·T~- SUBSCRIPTION RATES Per .Month (by carrier) $2.40 Mail rates in Washington, Ben ton, Madison counties Ark. and Adair County, Okla. Â· months Â«.00 Â· months Â· $11.00 I YEAR ,..' is.. a . Â»20M City Box Section a ..a 124.0D To the Editor: 1 -would like to express my opinion concerning practical jokes. I do not think that turning in a "false fire alarm" would be considered a joke. This happened in Farmington Thurs- 3 Both our Fire Chief and the Volunteer Fire Department Members have worked long hours without compensation to help our city to be protected in case our homes are ere dangered by fire. The number in our telephona book for the Farmington Fire Department should be used only for reporting a fire or an emergency in which the Fire Department can 'DC of service. A home destroyed by-fire or. a family member being burned to death is not a pretty sight and certainly not a joking matter. _ _ Â· Jean Swift Farmington From The People The President's Word To the Editor: President Nixon said in his Inaugural address, '"Ask not what your government can do for you, ask what you can do for yourself." I believe what he meant was for every dollar of revenue sharing funds you receive I will take five dollars from you by cuts in existing programs (except military). Unless Congress can advance itself to its Constitutional place in this country we just may be forced to live with this type of bookkeeping for "FOUR MORE YEARS". Granted, this type of fiscal policy will not hurt Frank Sinatra, Sammy Davis, nor even Bob Hope, and giving these Nixon fans their due credit, their benefit performances will not supply the funds which may be lost. Okay, King Richard has spoken, Arkansas gave him its support; now those who supported him must not disobey his word. An article in the Feb. 15 edition of the NW Arkansas TIMES by local school adminis- trators states that if- Nixon s impoundments and cuts are not stopped by a Congress which seems unable or unwilling to stop him we may face a cutback of programs offered at Fayetteville High School. The , programs in question would be vocational in nature and their survival involves the future of many young people. Ask what you can do for, yourself says-the President. So :. let us ask ourselves and the school board members, all of- whom support the compre-.. hensive high school we have., and the school administrators. and teachers, and all thev citizens of this community. Â·- Perhaps as a first step thev school board and school ad^ ministrators have an obligation:Â·Â·: and responsibility to make, known possible solutions to this-'., problem if Nixon succeeds in- his efforts, and if all else fails maybe we can get Sinatra in\ for a benefit performance and.:" secure enough funds for "FOUR., MORE YEARS". ' --'?.' Don Hardgrave.v Fayetteville :T'. The Washington Merry-Go-Round Drug Ads On Kiddy Fare Criticized From The People Laughing Stock OLD RULES Under the Roth decision, sex, Â· even a lot of it. is not obscene in itself. It must be proved that a movie or book appeals to "prurient interest," that it goes beyond "community standards" for describing or representing sex, nudity and the like and, finally, that it is "utterly w i t h o u t redeeming social v a l u e . 1 ' Experience h a s demonstrated that it is hard to come by a work that is absolutely without "redeming" value. It is no great secret that the high court has always abhorred obscenity cases, for the judges usually find Â· themselves as divided as laymen. Since Roth, the court has seemed to say that it would affirm obscenity convictions only where the material was being "pandered," where it was going to juveniles and where it was "thrust" upon the public. Members of the Supreme Court are not hermits. They get around and they read, so it can be assumed that they are aware of the drift in sex films. Even so, it can also be assumed that they don't patronize these pictures. Hence, when they actually see them for the first time for judicial review, there is surely going to be some shock. As against this, however, the court has always put weight on "community standards," and there is no doubt that in recent years the public has undergone a revolution of taste in this area. HUMOROUS, TOO The sensational pornographic film, "Deep throat," w h i c h concentrates on oral sex, has, for instance, been approved by a jury in Binghampton, N.Y. The j u r o r s were reported to have "laughed throughout the film. They really enjoyed it." And now it is being shown in a number of cities without legal molestation. C a r o l y n See. a college professor who is writing a book on the tycoons of pornography, poses this question: "Has this new-found freedom been used to tell us something new about our sexuality and ourselves? Is it fair to think of all this erotically o r i e n t e d material as an emerging new art form?" She doesn't . answer the question, but the Supreme Court may have to. Meanwhile, Racquel Welch has provided an answer of sorts. According to Newsweek columnist Shana Alexander, when the actress was asked by a television interviewer to identify her most erogenous zone, she pointed silently to her forehead. (C) 1973, Los Angeles Times By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- Robert Choate. the consumer advocate who blew the whistle on non- nutritional breakfast foods, has now moved to ban the advertising of over-the-counter drugs on television shows with large children's audiences. In a private letter to Federal Trade Chairman Miles Kirkpatrick and Food and Drug Commissioner C h a r l e s Edwards, Choate charges that Dristan, Anacin, foot sprays, Lysol and Geritol Tablets "are unsuitable for the use of children or pose serious dangers in the hands of children." He urges that commercials for these products be "banned from television programs which attract substantial juvenile audiences." Choate has discovered these commercials on 10 of the most popular shows on television, ranging from "The Partridge Family" and "Bridget Loves Bernie" to "The Wonderful World of Disney." Each show has an estimated weekly a u d i e n c e of five million youngsters. -"Television advertising," he writes, "represents the child's (and perhaps the adult's) basic source of product information. The child bases his or her decision on whether to use or to feel safe with a product primarily, if not exclusively, u p o n what...television advertising tells him about it." The government, of course, requires that restrictive warnings be inscribed on the containers. But not one of the major manufacturers repeats the warnings in the TV commercials, so they can be understood by the under-12 viewers who cannot yet read. Here are a couple of typical warnings that the children n e v e r hear on television and can't read on the containers: -- Mennen E Deodorant -" K e e p out of children's reach Caution. Use only as directed. Intentional misuse by deliberately inhaling aerosol contents can be harmful or fatal....Keep product away from eyes." -- Arrid Extra Dry Anti- Perspirant -- "Keep out of child's reach....Never spray towards face or open flame." Pleads Choate: "We do not believe that the American public understands the dangers of inhaling aerosol propellants.. (or) the relationship between age, body weight and drug dose...(or) the 'flame thrower 1 characteristics of an aerosol can containing a pressurized oil- based liquid." The Health, Education and Welfare Department reports between 300 and 400 aerosol accidents a month, requiring emergency-room treatment. In addition to the advertising ban, Choate also recommends that the networks run public- service advertisements "to remind child and adult viewers Today In History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Wednesday, Feb. 21. the 52nd day of 1973. There are 313 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1916, the World War I Battle of Verdun began in France. It became the longest and bloodiest battle of the war. On this date: In 1795, the Dutch surrendered the Indian Ocean island of Ceylon to Britain. In 1838 Samuel F.B. Morse gave the first public demonstration of the telegraph. In 1919, after World War I, the Allies recognized the Polish government of Ignace Paderewski. In 1941, during World War II, Allied forces landed in Italy's African territory of Eritrea. In 1958, Egyptians and Syrians voted approval of a union of their two countries, with Gamal Abdel Nasser as president. Ten years ago: The Soviet Union warned the United States that an American attack on Cuba would mean world war. Five years ago: the Soviet Embassy in Washington was damaged by a bomb which had been placed on a window ledge. One year ago: President Nixon, visiting Peking, met with Chairman Mao Tse-tung. Today's birthday: Mrs. Edward Cox -- the former Tricia Nixon -- is 27. Thought for today: He who will not economize will have to agonize -- Confucius, Chinese philosopher, 551-479 B.C. alike that labels of many products carry warnings as to the product's potential dangers and should be read." WASHINGTON WHIRL RURAL RUNAROUND -- A few weeks before the election. President Nixon signed the Rural Development Act with much fanfare. He pledged his support to make rural America a better place to live. But once he was safely elected, the rural family became the primary target of the President's budget cutters. They cut off funds for the sewage grant program, then impounded money .that might have made sewage projects possible under the new Water Quality Act. T h e rural environmental assistance program has also been closed off. So have low- interest rural housing loans. The Agriculture Department has changed the rural electrification program, making it more expensive for rural families to get electricity. Even educational programs have been sacrificed. G O O D B Y E GEORGE -George Ball, the able Social Security chief, has wound up on the Nixon purge list. When his colleagues organized a reception to say goodbye to him, the word came down to make it brief. Kenneth Cooper, one of the HEW bigwigs, sent a memo . to the HEW section bosses, ordering them to "advise your employes not to linger in the reception line for conversation." Added Cooper: "The time allotted for the Civil Actions branch personnel, to say goodbye to Mr. Ball is 1:45 p.m. to 2 p.m." -- a 15-minute parting for a man who served over 30 years in Social Security. .HEADLINES AND FOOTNOTES -- The Commerce Department doesn't seem sure whether it can mail out circulars at public expense or not. On envelopes containing the circulars, these contradictory notations appeared: "Postage and F e e s Paid (by) U.S. Department of Commerce" and "Not Mailed at Public Expense 11 ... Sailors in league with campus rowdies are suspected of stealing pistols and rifles from Navy weapons lockers. Result: Navy headquarters is having its fleet admirals reinforce their arms lockers. ( C ) 1973, by , UNITED Features To the Editor: The Bumpers 1 instant signature of that phony no-fault bill, right out of the hot hands of Arkansas Bar Association president Henry Woods yesterday (216-73), with its blatant disregard for the public interest, deserves the contempt and scorn of every intelligent auto driver in Arkansas. The Bumpers-Woods colla-^. boration in this is of a piece, with Mutt Jones' scuttling of;, Equal Rights, and Milt Earn-;, hart's guns for legislators. No'-.' wonder Arkansas remains No." 49 and the laughing stock of-. the nation. ' Reuben Thomas-' Fayetteville ; . A Prickly Question What Aid For Vietnam? WASHINGTON (ERR) -- "A rubble heap, a charnel house, a breeding-ground of pestilence and hate." That was Winston C h u r c h i l l ' s description of Europe at the conclusion of World War II. Vietnam is in similar condition today. Europe recovered fairly rapidly from the ravages of war, thanks in large part to the Marshall Plan. Will American aid produce a similar miracle in Indochina?. The outlook remains unclear, despite the announcement that North Vietnam and the United States will create a joint economic commission for reconstruction. At the moment, the American public seems unwilling to accept any such aid program. Residents of San Antonio, Texas, last month forced the city council to back away from supporting a local voluntary drive to raise funds for the rebuilding of Hanoi's bombed-out Bachmai Hospital. Congress, too, appears cool to the idea. "Let the people who supplied North Vietnam with weapons help them now," siad Rep. Wayne L. Hays, D-Ohio. "I would find it very difficult to vote any money for North Vietnam when we claim there is no money at home for more hospital beds." A U.S. pledge of assistance was incorporated in the cease- fire agreement signed last month. "In pursuance of its traditional policy," the agreement said, "the United States will contribute to healing the wounds of war and to post-war reconstruction of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and throughout Indochina. But the b u d g e t message President Nixon sent to Congress Jan. 29 contained no request for reconstruction funds. amount to as much as $2.5 . billion. Sweden, which has ear-.' marked $75 million for reconstruction, is working on plans for a pulp and paper mill iri Â· North Vietnam. Hanoi, however, is in no rush.' to -accept all the proffered; . largesse. Although North Viet- , nam needs and wants foreign: money, it insists that such aid' be unconditional. Washington" Post, reporter Murrey Marder,^ who recently spent two weeks' in North Vietnam, wrote that:". "One dominant theme pervaded)every discussion of postwar:, reconstruction: 'We Vietnamese . will make the decisions for our-; sieves, as we always have : done.'" : South Vietnam may not be so! scrupulous. Business Week:' reports that "some foreign- investors are already risking" their money in South Vietnam, lured by low labor costs, a new package of incentives offered by the government last year, and more important, the desire to' get an early foothold in a poteri- Â· tial market." IT IS CLEAR, nonetheless, that Vietnam will be rebuilt in one way or another. A number o f foreign countries are positively eager to help. J a p a n e s e diplomats and businessmen in Southeast Asia estimate that Japanese aid will ALTRUISM, THEN, is hardly; the sole motive of cquntrias willing to help rebuild Vietnam.- And so it was with the Marshall Â· Plan. A major argument in Â·'Â· favor of that program was that much of Western Europe might ' fall to communism if aid were" not forthcoing. When it was ; phased out in 1951, the Marshall,. Plan's cost to the United States . has amounted to $16.7 billion --- $300 million less t h a n expected -- and few could dispute the point that it was money welt spent. Punitive war settlements often lead to trouble later. . Reconstruction of the South after the Civil War opened wounds that have not co- pletely healed. T h e humiliation^ of Gerany after World Wat? I paved the way for World War; II. It is no longer possible to do what ancient Rome did to Carthage -- destroy all structures, scatter the inhabitants, and sow the earth with salt. From Our Files They'll Do It Every Time Â« By H. B. Dean Bible Verse We are charged with the responsibility of giving our all to the Lord, but we are also comforted with the great truth that He walks beside us in every step of life. "I am with you always." Pause and f e e l His presence now. "But sck ye first the kingdom of God, and his- righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you." Matthew 6:33 God has His own way of meeting our needs, if we will only get our minds off of tnem. Though it will take a lot of discipline, it will pay great dividends if we look past our own desires determined to put Him first. PRlPUE/"HaVABOOTSEt?/lN3 ON THE ENTERTAINMENT COMMITTEE? VOO'D BE A BIS HELPTOTHECLUB- OUST A LITTLE WHILE A6O HEWAS SAYING IF HE DlPNTeer SOMETHING TO DO HE'D HAVETORESKJM FROMTHECUiS.' SWS-DR1P HASNTBES4 BO?/SINCE HE SOU3 EDSELSJ I'D LIKE TO SHEP. 1 AWFUL BOS/.' iVAWDftKINS ON A DEAUTHAT'LU BE TAKIKÂ© EVERVMINUTE OFMYT1ME-SORBM SHEP. 1 HE WANTS A SOFT POLITICAL Â·30B-OUSTSHOW UP ON PAYDAY- How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO Very dry air preceding and accompanying a new cold wave is bringing not only bitter cold but also the threat of fires to the area. A delegation from West Fork went before the Highway Commission in Little Rock 15 YEARS AGO It was announced this morning that the Baldwin Piano Co., of Cincinnati, Ohio, will establish a branch plant in Fayetteville for the production of a new model electronic organ. Douglas A. Dickey, of Ft. Carson, Colo., has been named defensive backfield coach at the 25 YEARS AGO About 30 local landlords met l a s t night to form an organization through which they hope to bring "equalization of rents" to Fayetteville. " A crowd of 3,500 packed the University Field House last yesterday to request a new bridge over the White River between Highway 71 and t h c _ city. Fayetteville Attorney Charles- Atkinson has been named secre- . tary of the Washington County^ Republican Committee to fill an' unexpired term. ," University of Arkansas, filling'-, out the staff of Head Coach". " Frank Broyles. Two Texas businessmen have ' r e c e i v e d Springdale City Council approval to construct and operate a community, television system. night to see the Porkers ttiump the Texas Lorighorns 54-44. The Kansas ,City .Railroad today presented the Arkansas. Artificial Breeders Association"' with a check for $2.500 foe- purchase of a prize Jersey bull.
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