Independent from Long Beach, California on May 18, 1957 · Page 6
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Independent from Long Beach, California · Page 6

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Saturday, May 18, 1957
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Pags A-6--INDEPENDENT ; -t «a«i Sa«h, Calif. SafJ M« r U, Wr n 4 y TUCKER ' -E:AIC.:SAYS:- " _ I . , Pure Elections . . · . (Continued Irom Pao« A-l) { ' ' .' what was actually spent.. It Is what the candidates showed as expenses they knew about. It is well known that much more Is spent by individuals and groups which the candidate is not supposed to know about. · The new laws introduced would place full responsibility on the candidate to report all expenditures made In his behalf. It is recognized that this 1s pure demagoguery because unions and corporations make many expenditures which never show up in ( . campaigns. .They aru for literature or personnel fur- """ lstratlon nlshed for the candidate but which is not supposed I to be known by him. The new laws would also make it mandatory that primary expenses be reported. This is objected to by Southerners whose election is usually settled In the primaries. =·-- -.TI.-I- * - --.· -iv-.-·;*.·,,,, »·· 'Tare election laws" have been talked of for many years. It is certainly essential that candidates be made more responsible for the amount of money and its source that is spent in a campaign. But only J ;tht members of the legislatures can make such laws-. ;or place them on the ballot for the people to decide. ·This Is something few observers expect to happen. : · · · · # , · · * ' · · · , - * , · · - .,.- -.- ,-.Various cures have been suggested. One is that .all campaign contributions be outlawed and that each ·candidate be allowed money for his campaign based' v ;on number of vdters in his district. But it is hard t o ' Public f Prefers Politicos '·im-m^jiA^(^Kis[s Ike 9 Mor^ Few Strides Behind Lee . WASHINGTON--"Why are · · so many businessmen planning to 'resign from the Cabinet!" . Inquires Mrs, T. G. of San- '-·-, dusky, Ohio. "Won't their de'; parture hurt President Elsen* nV hower In his second term, _-j which has not started .out too' ,' veil because of opposition to ··?'hls program among so many . s, Republicans In Congress and '{·! elsewhere?" \ Answer: Yes, Ike's Admin- will suffer, If men l i k e H u m . phrcy, Wilson, D u l l e s a n d Benson carry o u t reported plans to resign at the end of the c u r r e n t s e s s i o n o f Congress. Although t h e y have Incurred TUCKEB considerable criticism on and off Capitol Hill, satisfactory replacements will bo hard to find. ., · · · . a ."..".V "· REFUSE HIGH GOVERNMENT JOBS -- In fact, the President has received many refusals from prominent buil By BRUCE BIOSSAT : ' 4 · No one would want to rob two old army campaigners, President Elsenhower and Field Marshal Viscount Montgomery, of the pleasure of tramping around the fabled Civil War battlefields at Gettysburg. ·,-..-_·" . . x ,,' Nor could anyone really deny them the privilege of comment- Ing, as professional soldiers, on the strategy and tactics used by the ' Union and/Confederate commands In that tragic i ,· slaughter. ·.. · · ,1( But as they walked and talked, they seemed odd- '! j]y unmindful of the bitter Irony of their little foray · into the past For the truth Is that they and the kind f ; of armies and tactics they knew In World War II are r as out of date today as they appear to believe those . pf Generals George Meade and Robert E. Lee were ' In 1863. ' · · . . - Perhaps the quiet of the fields where Mr. Elsen-' , hower and his British guest roamed was occasionally , shattered by the roar of Air Force Jets sweeping the skies. A few years ago one might have called that sound prophetic of tomorrow's warfare. Yet today It Is almost obsolete itself. ' rfM tl a " ot . her . wuar there wfll be no plston-engined aircraft such as . j « e 8trate B |c bombing and provided the air cover in the war Ike and Monty knew. Indeed, all piloted military aircraft may soon be outmoded. We are entering the age of the pllotless plane, the rocket, the long-range guided missile. . . No more will generals have the luxury of time Montgomery had I?TM" 1 " uu ma .ln)' e Prep/ratons for attack, pulverizing enemy posl- tlons with artillery before he inched forward to new ground. . to «,;i , more ,' ln( ? e u d ' W J 11 Derate likely have the chance Ike had 1 to weigh and weigh and weigh the right moment to storm hostile ,, beaches with a great water-borne force, in fact, most experts hazard that never again will there be a major landing from the sea by a . n;ass army. · . Electronics and nuclear energy are transforming warfare as other advances have done before. The generals who must fight It-and the whole world hopes they never do--may find it only a handicap to remember too much of World War II. «,, ^ S i men ' D Mr. Eisenhower and Marshal Montgomery are very much alive. But the two old generals who strode through the soft · ' grass at Gettysburg were wandering in the pages of history only a few broad strides behind Generals Lee and Meade. ncssmen and Industrialists In ·see how this would be effective concerning the work !', N' cffort t0 ' ""d substitutes. ;'done by unions or corporations who supply people to l ' A " a re ' Ultl he h " had to Mtt ;work for a candidate without pay from the candidate. · It is estimated last year's election cost from $100 ^million to S200 million. When it is realised that most of this money came from people who have something ·they seek, or wish to protect, it becomes a menace to good government.' The great majority of these contributors do not seek unreasonable service. They Just want to have a foot in the door should they run into ; trouble. But some expect "their pound of flesh." It is one of our big political-problems. It seems a long ' way irora being solved.--LA.C. ' , ' . ; ' , - (I»A.C.'s column, like other column*, U M expression of personal opinion and doe* not necessarily nflecl the considered opinion of tlili newspaper.) , , , TOWN MEETING Capital Punishment Solution '·',", EDITOR INDEPENDENT: As your ardent reader, It behoves, that there Is hardly « day when some Law-Enforcement-Of fleer d o e s not "shoot.to-klll" a fugitive fall. Ing to come to nn Immediate STOP on first command HALT. Off hand It sounds "cruel," but. In my opinion, If pursued more "accurately" In cases of clear homicide, kid. napping, narcotic and hit-run. drlver, the following benefits to humanity will be gained; 1. It will safeguard widows and* -children from losses of Ihelr husband-tather-offlcer. REMEMBER " TEN? **^Vf.irtYT!i*T 41 MAY 18 ' " . , . ' 10 YKARS AUO F O R T Y - T W O CANDIDATES had filed In the the councllmanlc race, according V City Clerk Frank Beggs. but not all may be on the ballot after the usual check. Ing of nominating petitions. .... The population of Long Beach had gained steadily according to the Regional Plannlng.Commlsslon, the population was estimated at 254.261 Inside the city limits and In the unincorporated area and Signal Hill gave the metropolitan Long Beach a total of 281,987. ,- ., .. · · · · · · * 30 YEARS AGO ' .' Participation of L o n g ,, Beach In the Metropolitan , Hewer System wa* recom* mended to the city council by Public Sen-Ice Director .'' J. W. Blackman, to provide '' for the future development ·' * of the city and nearby terrl- .'. tnry. . . . Appropriation of . 180,000 In the 1817.38 city V budget to help construction ;· of the M«0,DOO pauenger ,'".' and freight terminal In the v harbor waa requested by the ·" Harbor Commissioners of : the city council. . , . . " ' · 2. Cause any offender to "think twice" and wager his , life BEFORE\commlttlng an ,. unlawful act. , 3. Also practically eliminate criminal-lawyers, who s a v e _ the rich but permit the pdbr " so Into the gas-chamber, · 4. Will reduce work 'of i Judges, creating less demand · and with It demand their · j greater efficiency. ...; · 5. Allow our tax-mo'ncy.sav- · Ings to be put to better use *.. . . our dire need for school constructions. 1 6. It will advertise California and soon be known really to be a better and a "safer" ' place to live-In. Driving gang, stem "under-ground", there to stay forever and ever, Amen. Eliminate Crime and you Eliminate Capital-Punishment. To a World.War-vetcran, like myself, who served overseas, my own son-in-law, a deputy-1 · sheriff, seems to me In no different position in fighting ene- mles, for, you either kill him or get killed yourself.,. and · · . . . J rather like my son-in- 1 law. i - - · So, let us emphasize better and longer-tlme-spent on rifle- ' and-plstol-ranges, to make cer- - tain our officers "hit the tar- ,' get" and a "bull's eye", noth. : 1 Ing less. ' -THEO SEMI, Ex-Marine u 150 E. 23rd St. ,, Long Beach 6. it" .: · ·' SUPREME COURT. 5r\V£ DON'T ···'. HAUL-, CARGO DREW PEARSON Public Inertia Now Can Cause War Later Questions and Answers ·-"·:".· i j. and promote men In a musl- ;·-, cal chairs sort of manner. r AN .OVERLOOKED AS* PKCT--There Is an 'aspect to ' theso possible resignations which ! has been generally i overlooked. Namely, It Is not ' I k e or his Administration which are on trial so much as the-members of his no-culled T "businessmen's Cabinet," Com- pelllng reasons may force '''·· '· somo of them to retire after -;i five years of- public service, J! but In a certain sense they are ' throwing up their hands and '' , their responsibilities. J , A principal criticism brought -», by businessmen against Roose, velt and Truman were that they were nothing but politicians, and that, with only a few exceptions, they filled 1m- portant posts with politicians. It was pointed-out constantly that' only a few of them had ever managed a private busl- , ness, met a payroll or had to '. worry over profits and losses. ' f . There were demands that ..'* , the operation of the govern. ment be turned over to hard, i headed, sensible and practical .-men, when «vho had demon. strated their business acumen " In the economic, executive and managerial fields, ; Ike accepted this challenge, : and he has frequently boasted that he chose "the brains of · tho nation" as his advisers. He gave them the chance that they had demanded. In a way, ; he placed businessmen on trial and probation. ' ' B y WILLIAM E. GILROY, D.D. Now. It appear, that they j S0m , TIME AQQ ^ maga2 j ne publlshed a scr]es out on mm. and 7 oMlfo strated articles on "The World's Great Re, llglons," which have now been published an a large, · beautiful book, greatly expanded from tho original article.' and with 190 pages of full color. ··The'magnificence of this book Is evident but Its more than 175,000 words of text Is Its most Important part So far as I am aware, this Is the finest and most '; comprehensive account of the world's great religions · that has ever beon undertaken, and it comes at a most docs possess certain assets «. opportune time In world affairs. which men like Dulles, Wil- ,',: In what the late Wendell ( . . . , · · ' ·'-:, WUUde called "one world," every'part of the world and lt» Inhabitants, even the most remote, haa become of Importance In relation to world peaon. This Is particularly true nf the religion, or religions, related to these 'parts. .' WORLD RELIGION,'PEACE/ Forms of Worship Affect Cause for Anxiety , In the 1700s, when, the United States was largely an uncultivated wilderness, Its topsoll was about nine Inches deep. Today, the topsoll cover Is about six Inches thick, a loss of one-third. ,, , , (Edltor'a «o(«f Dnm Ptaraon'a / column iM.y l.k« lha foint ol · l«tttr to hu iruidfofi. t WASHINGTON-Dcar Joe. This Is your birthday. You are three years old--an age when the world lies at your feet. Some day, many years from now, when you read this let- · tcr, you will understand what I mean. You will know how little a man Is master of his f a t e as h e g r o w s older, how lucky he Is to be master of a gar* ricn when he Is young. It's a b o u t t h r e e In the m o r n i n g . I couldn't sleep for thinking of the problems of the world; and got up to look down at the Potomac, so still and peaceful under the moon. On the river Is a flih- log boat, still angling for catfish with the ^ielp of a light. The Potomac was not always so still and peaceful. · In the days of your grrat- great-grandfather J o s e p h Medlll, for nhom you were · partly named, Johnny Kebm lurked behind those trees on the Virginia side: while sharpened lapllngs pointed ' down from the Maryland ·, aide where the fishing boat · now angle* for catfish, to · keep the Rebs from cross- . Jng. Those were the days when y o u r great - great - grandfather, who founded tha ' Chicago Tribune, was an ad- vlser to Lincoln, and when our countrymen were fonllih ' enough to go to war against each other. War I and the drift to World War II. · . Those were days w h e n . people talked about "get* ' . ting back to normalcy," , when the stock market wai · more Important than the League of Nations, when Investments abroad were more · I m p o r t a n t than peace abroad: when, more than anything eke, people were, Juit plain bored with for--., rlgn affair* and wished that ] all the disagreeable, trnii- , hle-maklng people In the ; world would go jump In the . ocean. that the politicians they crltl- cized and scorned are better equipped for public net-vice than they are. ASSETS OP POLITICIAN --Havin-j observed both kinds for many years, the politician , Capital Capitol; · It' took 22 years to build the , Capitol In Columbus, Ohio. Standing In a 10-acre downtown park. It Is a low-dom'ed , structure of Doric style. ' Q--Who was the first presl- · dent general of the Daughters ,1 of the American Revolution? A--Mrs, Caroline S co 111; cannot chastise; he"can simply the son, Humphrey and Benion , lack. Business executives are usu- ; ally minor czars In their firms. When they give an order, It must be obeyed, or the offender can be fired. On major policies, lie has only to convince a small board of til- rectors. He has laboratories In which he can experiment without causing great dam- «ge, If his theorlei are crronc- ous. In politics, however, he must yield, he must compromise, ho must "suffer fools gladly." Ho THE ORrtAT religions have · become world religions In a whether In Its present state and activity, apart from the question of Us professed In. ' herent nature and fidelity to Its founder, It Is a cohesive force making for better rela. tlons between nations, or a divisive and trouble-making factor. I think It Is abvlous how ·practical and of Immediate sense, mid to an extent In -. Import auch considerations Harrison, wife of President' Benjamin Harrison, Q-Whlch U. S. President warned against alliances with · foreign nations? " A-- George Washington In his farewell address. I · . · - - ; . , · · ' _ · · Q-- How did ' the famous dancer, Vernor Castle, meet his death? A-- He was killed In an airplane a c c i d e n t In Texas, .where he was Instructing British pilots, during World Warl. . .,.,., ' ' criticize. He must sell wares and theories to vast American pubjlc and to an always sensitive Congress, He must bear up under Insults, He must be tough, patient, good-natured, sometimes spectacular, and at all times an extravert. It may be that successful which they have never been before. The beliefs, attitudes. ^ and actions of their adherents may have reactions far be- " yoml the area and people for- 1 merly concerned In a particular' religion. % ., Such a series of studies as ' 'this has, then, an Importance .',' : beyond that of an Intellec- ' ' tuol, or even distinctively re- · llglous, Interest. Because of Us possible effect on human relations, every world re- businessmen do not--cannot-- * J| S |0 " I" subject to the scru- make successful managers of thiy of the world's reason and government. And that may be ;· conscience. Of every world · the public verdict. religion, It ' may be asked , are, Rolltfouii conflict* In the Orient and the Middle Kant are undoubtedly vital . factors In the problem of achieving pejuw. Nor can organlud Christianity point the finger of opprobrium , against nlhrr warring, religious devotees. · · · · · ' ' · ' . ' ' WITHIN OUR OWN time, two of the most devastating wars In history have been between nations and peoples professedly Christian. . It Is easy to see how. this has. happened and to say that It has not been a failure for ··"-'. Distinction -.. Only place In the world where coal, Iron and lime. '. atone, the three essentials ... for making steel, are found together Is In a region around ; Birmingham, Ala. ., Christianity, ax really Chris. ·' tlanlty has never been tried. . But that Is at best a poor : alibi, which does not alter the fact of the obvious failure of Christianity, Inherently a religion of peace, to maintain ' ' peace. Moreover, the con: filets within organized Chrls: tlanlty cannot be lightly dls- regarded. ' If these studies In world religions lead to a far more Intense scrutiny Into these matters than has ever been undertaken, Life and Us edl- "' . tors may have produced more ' than a very beautiful, infoi* matlve and stimulating book, .' DRIFT TOWARD WAR -We are more sensible now. But what sometimes keeps me , awake at night Is that I can detect an almost Imperccptl- ble drift In this country right now toward war -- a world war. It's a drift that you can't do anything about. You are three years old. But I should be able to do something about It. I am older. And I have seen two cruel and bloody , wars engulf the world, I know that the drift which begins now may mean that JS yean from now you will go out to · fight a war which you don't understand, didn't cause, and shouldn't be sacrificed for. Yet, If the drift continues, you probably will. For wars today don't begin overnight They begin 10 or 13 years before they break. And they are , caused by man's Inertia, man's greed, and man's unwillingness to sacrifice a little of his worltjly goods before It's too late and ho has to sacrifice with his life. What I detect now In Wash- Ington and In the nation Is the same unawareness, the same Isolation, the samo Ict-thc- other'fcllow-go-hang attitude that ruled American thinking In those days between W.'rld · Strictly Business CROSSWORD PUZZLE 80 YEARS AGO ' T - r NO APPOINTMENTS ' to the Police and Fire Departments would be made by .tho present municipal administration, It was announced In response to the request of Po. lice Chief J, S. Yancy and Fire Chief W. S. Mlnter for 20 additional men on each department, but left to the "Straight 'Sight" administration. . . . Atlantic Blvd. paving came nnother step nearer when the g Board of- Supervisors granted * i the petition of property own- * ... ,_,,.,, _ ' ers for improvement' of the * LW AngiM stretch from Tweedy Road 3 .South to the north city limits f ar* malnUlnad tat long Beach. -,,,, , . · Q - What tribe of Indian, i J g- ^. never signed a peace treaty IMU» with the United States? v A-- The Florida Semlnoles. But In the IKlO's they did , make official peace with the U. S. government. ·-'INDEPENDENT!" , Harman H. Rlddar Publish*!. Mara Id M. Hlnaa_Aarl. «· PuDUah*r ' Lurry Calllna Jr_^Bua! Maiugar L.A. C«Hlna kr. edltarUI Columniat Mllaa E. Slnaa--Mananlng Bdlter . Waahlngten J Cilia.... II Outeait · 11 Knortmaat · IS Bon of Ullad la AHIatid II Symbol far rull»nlnm ' · IS Hrmbol lor · tantalum it' 1 SI Parealva bf ., . J J Ardor · · - · · . 34 (lufia .', i - , 34 To Boi , !S Oodaaai of " Infatuation , ' M plua ol ( 11 Fratan rain ' U Plural aadlnf M Fraahwatar M To waair SS Artificial Bureau ^^M.^.^ . - SOS Alba* Building ,. ntul Natl«r»IAdvirtlalnfl napraaantallvaa 40 Britiih fllddar Jahna, Infc with affloaa at V^w'iSi.? 5 -' 1 ,. fldg. baby 41 llan'a nama 4i latttr. al i »«« 1 ,w.»ih st. no witwr ·«· CMPfMlt |(|M ^ Th . ,,,,,,.,,,,.,,, *h*st 4r7i«t. , 4T cult off s. t. rhlna 4S Prancll raaart Ulr M lullaa toln « Mantallr lull ^ M A dlractlmi · U PuKIa I* pitch .v« U MlMtoa for anototr 49 Youn, " ' barracudaa M RiMnlih IM t snoiur nnial 2 Inerualatloa t Land ' "i T Ak aairma ' « · S Boorlih · Symbol lor IrMlum 10 To a»l4 C ! 11 Elllta 14 Old Tautwla alphabat I Knocka . ' 10 oulf cj|f ' Arabia !4 I'hIM (ar (athar is rookr 7 To annoy · W Vintllatai ,· 1 Bird ·'lowtra (pi.) T nodnaaa ol dunrd A Taatln · Wlllawa II armlul«t . » ·rain · mattrlal . - · ^ 4) Bodr ft ' ., waltr i p l . ' . 44 OU pronoun . 4« RMtr 4« Punc imbir 81 Smith Aftt»n ' J Maori nama for vattUbli . caltrplllar ul N.w ZaalaM Traajporlatloa Una (abbr.) 10 Atnartcaii t · humonit ' n Akin . njrratwl i*r ptt HOW WARS ARE BRED-That's the kind of atmosphere In which wars are bred, and that's the kind of atmosphere which exists today. The shout and clamor for economy In Congress Is exactly like the shout and clamor In Conereu against the League of Nations, against the World Court, against world cooperation between World War I and World War II. It was only a few short years ago--so short It seems like yesterday--that the nation was at a white-hot pitch ',. of patriotism over Pearl Hai^ bor and your daddy was · ,, marching off with the Ma« ·-. rines. We were united then. It was only a short tlm« ago . that we hailed the founding . . of the United Nations. W« were united behind It too. Now we are pulling apart. We are disunited, blase, dls. Interested, Isolated -- because '· It's easy to unite In time of war; hard to unite In time of . peace. There are -no b r a s s bands playing as we march down the road to peace. And the people who don't want to ratify Elsenhower's . atoms-for-peace t r e a t y are motivated b," exactly the Banw reason they didn't ratify Wilson's league of Nations. They don't seem to understand now, as they didn't then, that In this complicated world we live In wo can no longer live alone. They don't realize that this world Is being pulled closer together by modern science and . ' that Moscow will soon be only 30 minutes away by lone. range guided missile. They don't seem to realize . that 4!i billions spent to help certain countries work toward · peace now, could save S440 billion spent to support allies In a war later. They don't realize that a tax rate of 55 per cent to help world peace now Is far better than a tax rate of 90 per cent to win a bloody war later. They don't realize that It's far better to spend our tax , dollars now than your life later. But then the people who · are shouting tor lower taxes , now won't have to go off and ;.'· fight wars. They are too old. ' The people who will fight the wan brought on by tax- reducers of today will be the little boys like you, who scoot around gardens on toy tractors today not knowing what Is In store for them In the future. Love, Granddaddy. . . , "At the moment, I caui't think of any reason why you .shouldn't have a raise, Argjrle -- come back ID an hour!" . , ; . . Questions .and. Answers £V;; Q--How does the palm tree , rank- In economic importance? ·' A--Second to , the grass .-!. family. But the palms ate :' applied to a far greater vg. · rle^ of everyday human ., needs, than any other group , '. 1 of plants. · . . . a · a . *'-')' Q--What is a double sturTr . ' A--A pair, of stars which ',,*· ' revolve around a center of ;,"{; .* gravity between them. Often ;,';.' ' they are so close together ?' ; that they appear to be « ., single star. Double stars are , ' ' 'also called binaries. ,,.. ., , ,, ..; · · · j« ;J.'jfJ_ '·--. Q--Do feathers grow men* · ; ly all over s bird's body? v A--No, they grow only In '·. certain areas. Each kind of ', bird has a pattern all Its own ''", In which Its feathers grow. ( - ' ' Only penguins and kiwis have ,; ' feathers evenly spread out ' over all parts of the body, ^, ' h.

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