Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona on April 29, 1963 · Page 18
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Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona · Page 18

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Monday, April 29, 1963
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Page 18
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£urson Baity ^i Published livery Afternoon Except Sunday MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tlw A»«cUtt4 Pms li.tcflltMa ftxcltulvthf M m* MM hv rej*jnllcatn« ·* «H itM (·cai.tMtwt print** In. nils n«*w»per } M :WM ·« »M AC MW* *«patch«* , MEMBER OF UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHED BY THE CITIZEN PUBLISHING CO. Established 1870 Phone MA 2-5855 PAGE 18 MONDAY EVENING, APRIL-29, 1963 State's Higher Education Needs Can't Be Postponed When the.State Legislature adjourned four weeks ago in a hurry and a-huff, it left the whole program of capital outlays for various state institutions behind it on the floor. Most seriously hurt by this'failure of the Legislature to approve any capital appropriations, are the state's three institutions of higher education. All of them--the University of Arizona, Arizona State University and Arizona State College at Flagstaff--are in the midst of development programs to meet the demands of swelling enrollments. * * * When the Chamber.of Commerce Breakfast Forum met last week to consider "The Future of Higher Education in Arizona," a bleak picture was presented by a panel comprised of the U of A president, a dean, a regent and a state legislator. Dr. Richard A. Harvill, UA president, said UA enrollment may have to be held close to the present 15,000 level unless funds for further development are forthcoming. And, if so, whose children are going to be turned away? . The rising flood of potential students actually means that the U of A must plan, and is planning, for a maximum enrollment capacity of 25,000 within the next 10 years. Out-of-state students among that number are charged much higher tuition fees to cover costs of their education in an Arizona-supported institution. Dr. Thomas L. Martin, dean of the UA College of Engineering, said that education is a vital resource for Arizona, the same as water, and frankly it is not being properly developed. He described the present plight on campus here produced by inadequate space and by inadequate salaries to obtain and retain top teaching talent. Dr. Martin himself is leaving at the end of this term for the University of Florida, where prospects for greater stimulus for the academic program are more encouraging. Regent George Chambers, of Tucson, explained that the State Board of Regents--which governs the two universities and state college--asks the Legislature for as much money for salaries and operating expenses as the board feels it can justifiably hope to get. The State Legislature this year approved, the three institutions' operating budgets without curtailment. Then the legislator, Rep. John Haugh (R-Pima), who is chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, said the need for greater university and college support is a problem for all citizens of the state. Where is the money coming from? The legislators are acutely aware .that the home owner's property tax burden is as heavy as it can in all conscience be, he said. One possibility is an increase in the tobacco tax. Gov. Paul Fannin has asked for that in the past, various legislators talked about that at the recent session, and Rep.- Haugh conceded it was the only real possibility to be found. A sharp boost in cigaret taxes could produce $10 million annually. And smokers seem to ao. cept the prospect with quiet resignation. « * * Considering all the factors, a few valid conclusions may be reached: Arizonans do want the benefits of good institutions of higher education for the state and for their children. All three institutions must continue to grow, and to have funds necessary for growth. (This is true, even with the start now of a state junior college system.) A year without any continuation of the capital development programs at UA, ASU and ASC would be a stride lost and not recoverable. A year's delay in land acquisition would mean that costs would have risen that much more. The Board of Regents a week ago expressed its hope that the capital outlay program of some $13 million be acted upon yet this year. Therefore, Gov. PaulFannin should at the appropriate time call a special session of the Legislature for this purpose. Consultation with the legislative leadership in advance could clear the way for prompt action in a brief session. The capital outlays program that was left on the floor can't just be swept under the rug and forgotten. JOHN CHAMBERLAIN The Fifties Weren't Futile DENNIS THE MENACE My old Lucepaper colleague, Emmett John Hughes, who served President Eisenhower in the White House and came out bewailing the fact that he, wasn't given the opportunity to become the Arthur Schlesinger Jr. of his day, has recentlv sounded off on the "futility" of the Nineteen Fifties. If you missed the point jn some of his contentious magazine articles, you can get it in his controversial 'i- was - there - but - ignored" book called "The Ordeal of Power ; " ONE CAN appreciate Mr. Hughes's impatience with a boss who liked to have every recommendation placed on a single sheet of paper (how galling to a writer who likes to expand his thoughts), but this business of down-grading the decade of the Fifties makes no sense. The glory of Ike as President was that he permitted government for eight wonderful years to get off the backs of people. He might have done better about foreign policy, though it was no small achievement to keep the Red Chinese from grabbing Quemoy and Matsu as the island stepping stones to Formosa, and he might have spent considerable less money on aimless domestic and foreign aid projects. But, generally speaking, Ike had the common sense to realize that people are better off if they aren't tied to the apron strings of government. HAVING COME OF AGE in that other much-maligned era which has gone down in history as the Roaring Twenties, when Coolidge made the White House a peaceful dormitory, I thoroughly enjoyed much of Ike's decade. In the Twenties we lived through a little renaissance; the books were good, the popular music was good, the trips to Europe which we could somehow manage on skimpy pay checks were fun. True enough, the moral tone of much that went on in the Twenties was not particularly elevated, but that was due to prohibition, which was a legacy of a previous busybody era when government thought it might properly aim to tell a man what he might and might not put in his stomach. The economic crash that put an end to our pleasure was also a delayed result of the benightedness of governments, for hadn't they crowned. a disastrous war in 1919 with a peace that' would have caused Metternich or Bismarck or any other Nineteenth Century statesman to blanch with horror? I LIKED IKE'S FIFTIES because they seemed a bit like a reprise of the Twenties. Businessmen .ceased to be shell- shocked, and as they emerged from the storm cellars they gave us a lot of good things,, from good paper- back books to stereophonic sound. There were, as one observer put it, the "seven fat years," with a rising standard of living that had the economists rapturous over their new totem, the Gross National Product, or GNP. In-the Fifties people got out of their seats in the bleachers and started to have fun on thir own two feet. New marinas dotted the rivers, lakes and bays as the population went boat-crazy; husbands and wives took to bowling at 10:30 at night in order to get pleasantly tired for a restful night's sleep. THIS WAS THE LIGHTER SIDE of the Fifties. On the serious side, Ike's decade witnessed a conser/ative revival that restored a healthy tension to our intellectual life. The liberalism that had been vibrantly challenging in the Thirties had grown calcified; zestful debate had gone put of fashion; and we had grown increasingly intolerant of any dissent from the shibboleths of the welfare state. Along with the intolerance went a disgraceful hypocrisy that gave the merest lip service to the virtues of free speech. In Ike's decade this hypocrisy was unmasked, though news of it has yet to reach 'a few of our more prominent liberal Bourbons. WELL, THE FIFTIES, like the Twenties, are now a nostalgic memory. But nobody is going to call them futile in my presence without getting a tart rejoinder of "twasn't so." Copyright 19J VICTOR R1ESEL Red Agent Free To Roam U.S. One man shuttles steadily and speedily across the U.S. planting Communist Party cells in the nation's strategic industries. Legally this man has no right to operate or even to be inside the U.S. But it is a measure of freedom in this land that there appears to be little to stop him under our laws though he is an'avowed agent of a party tied into an international apparatus supporting America's enemies. HIS NAME IS Irving Potash and it can be revealed that he is the American Communist Party's labor chief. He is paid by the Com- unists. He spends most of his time directing Communist, efforts to infiltrate U.S. basic industries. When he is not in Communist Party headquarters here on Manhattan's West Side, he is in one of the land's industrial concentrations. Within the past month he has been to Detroit and Chicago. He is eager to develop action cells in the auto, steel and rail unions -- disciplined cadres which would respond instantaneously to Communist direction. YET, IRVING POTASH is in this nation illegally. His is a story of international intrigue--as documented as it is melodramatic. He slipped secretly into this country late, in 1956. This saga starts in 1949 when he went to trial under the Smith Act. Until then he had been vice president of the International Fur and Leather Workers Union --then a heavily infiltrated organization. He was a power far beyond this union, for he was one of the charter members of the American Communist Party. And his assignment always had been labor, infiltration of CIO unions, leadership of the secret-Communist caucus inside the old CIO* Then, in 1951, Potash and 10 other members of the Communist high command were jailed and fined. On release Potash, a Russian native, was brought before the Immigration and Naturalization Service. He was ordered deported. He left on the SS Saxonia on March 4, 1955. ONCE BEHIND THE CURTAIN, he held a series of meetings and briefings with his superiors. He set up residence in Warsaw. Then he went to Prague and to Moscow and finally to Communist China. Wherever he traveled he met with the highest authorities. He knew American labor and what he knew he imparted as a disciplined Communist. · ' Suddenly he : disappeared. When next seen he was sitting.in the Alps Restaurant, 74 Pondfield Road, Bronxvjlle--a fashionable New York suburb. Two special agents of the FBI recognized him as the man who some years ago had voluntarily accepted deportation --.that is, he had not challenged the deportation order. They brought Potash in. That was on the night of Jan. 4, 1957. SOON HE WAS BEFORE the Immigration Service again. He was given the full benefit of our laws. When questioned, he stood mute. Then he was tried for illegal entry. He was sentenced to two years in the Atlanta Penitentiary and fined $1,000. He left the Atlanta prison on Aug. 26, 1958. Then there was little this government could do. Potash was free--and is free because he can't be deported. The anti-Communist lands won't have him. And the Communist nations, of course, want him here. He is merely required to report to the New York Immigration and Naturalization Service four times a year--a short subway trip from his home and Party office. He is free to travel the land. There is only one slight restriction. If he plans to be away from New York City for more than 48 hours he must write the Service. THUS, ONCE AGAIN, he directs the Communist Party's national labor action section. It would be fascinating to see 'what Potash's comrades in Moscow would do if we openly planted a labor organizer in the Soviets. Copyright 1«3 SYDNEY HARRIS True Spirituality Is Rare "Whenever I see or hear the word 'spiritual,' it makes me grit my teeth," said a friend of mine, who teaches philosophy in a nearby college. "It's become the favorite word of people who don't even u n d e r s t a n d what it means." I quite agreed with him. The word "spiritual," used in its popular sense, has come to mean opposite of 'physical." Anything that is "spiritual" is good, is positive, is virtuous, is desirable, is loftier than the merely physical. This is not only nonsense--it is dangerous nonsense. Just as physical things can be either good or bad, so spiritual things can be either good or bad. The word itself is quite neutral, and has no intrinsic value. Indeed, as C. S. Lewis pointed out in his book, "Christian Behavior," some years ago: "The sins of the flesh are bad, but they are the least bad of all sins. All the worst pleasures are purely spiritual: the pleasure of putting other people in the wrong, of bossing and patronizing and spoiling sport, and back-biting; the pleasures of power, of hatred." Most of the evil in the world has been generated on the spiritual level: A power- driven and hate-obsessed man like Hitler had no interest in physical pursuits; he was as abstemious as a monk, and as dedicated to the diabolic (which is a spiritual thing) as the monk is to the divine. The people who create the mischief and the sorrow in the world are not the libertines and the drinkers and the wastrels; they are pathetic people who create, ' at the most, private tragedy. The vast public tragedies are created by the men who are dominated by some perverse spiritual drives--by pride, by anger, by hostility, by envy. TRUE SPIRITUALITY is as rare as true bestiality in human beings. And those few who achieve it are those who are terribly aware of the perils of spirituality --who know, as the Romans warned us, that a corruption of the best becomes the worst Which is why, to quote Lewis again, "Of all bad men, the bad religious man is the worst." Unlike most other religions, both Judaism and Christianity accept the goodness of physical things, and do not dismiss them as delusions or devices of the devil. And those who despise the physical too often use their "spirituality" as a bludgeon for punishing the weak, while they enemy, the devil. STRICTLY PERSONAL: People who complain that public debates "never get anywhere" would do well to ponder the wisdom of Joubert's observation that "It is better to stir up a question without deciding it, than to decide it without stirring it up." Does anyone besides me find parades generally more depressing than stimulating? Copyright 1?tt THE ART Letters To The Editor EXCELLENT SERIES ON DISARMAMENT To the Editor: You are to be commended for an excellent series of articles on this, "disarmament" subject. I am certain that many people, like myself, will 'appreciate knowing that it is not disarmament, but only the transfer of armaments to a super-powerful United Nations. T. ENGEL 5201 E. 2nd St. r . . CREDIT OUR MOST PRECIOUS ASSET To the Editor: Consumer Credit Week April 28 through May 4 is an appropriate time for all to recognize the important part credit has become in the American Way of Life. CREDIT is the magic force which enables the customer to purchase immediately and enjoy more of the good things of life sooner than would be possible if he was required to pay spot cash. Credit facilities allow the average American to buy large priced items and budget the payments over a longer period of time. The necessities and conveniences of life are acquired when needed with payments planned, budgeted and made out of current earnings. CREDIT is the great simplifier of everyday business transactions. Good credit is the badge of a good citizen. The key words to a good credit record are BUY WISELY --PAY PROMPTLY. Credit is more than just a convenience. It is a symbol of integrity and a source of personal prestige. One's credit is his most precious asset. ERIE BOONE (Mrs. James L.) President, Credit Women's Breakfast Club 1933 Tarn O'Shanter TOO LITTLE OF SUCH REPORTING To the Editor: I have read the editorials in your paper concerning the imminent internal dangers to our country and our way of life. I feel that you are to be strongly commended for these publications. In this day and age there is entirely too little reporting of this type. E. R. HOWERING 3450 N. Flowing Wells Rd. Lot 207 PLEASE KEEP UP THE GOOD WORK To the Editor: Thank you for your second editorial on disarmament. Please keep up the good work. IF ANYONE is in doubt over the UN's goal, look at a map. Communism has spread in the last two years. Some astute people warned about what would happen in Laos where the coalition was formed and forced. They said we were pushing Laos into Communist hands. Today we face the bitter truth -- the Communists have a few finishing touches and they are finished. KHRUSHCHEV talks and talks, and while he talks he deploys .troops and troops, and takes and takes more and more countries. And what do we do as a country? Nothing. Really, it's amazing to me how -the U.S. people, the grass roots, are letting themselves be p u s h e d around. MARY ROGAHAN 1439 E. Hedrick Dr. MY LETTER TO THE PRESIDENT To the Editor: The following is the text of a letter I have sent to President Kennedy: "I WISH TO express support of your statement that you are 'committed to the effort of trying to get a test-ban treaty.' I agree that the risks involved in the elimination of nuclear tests are less than those involved in continued testing, with its inevitable consequences of (a) increased a t m o s - pheric contamination, with accompanying health hazards to our own people and to people elsewhere, and (b) an increased 'number of nuclear powers around the world.' I also believe that unilateral cessation of testing by the United States would hasten the achievement of a test-ban treaty. "I SHOULD like to take this opportunity to express also my approval of your recent statements against invasion of Cuba, and discouragement of independent raids. I hope to hear of a creative, positive policy to help Cuba develop toward economic and political democracy. When C u b a turned to this country, during the preceding administration, for this type of help, it was denied. Surely some way can be found to rebuild a justifiable confidence in the United States as a good neighbor." DOROTHY T. MAXWELL Rt 9, Box 576 COURAGEOUS ACTION To the Editor: A copy of an editorial carried in your issue of April 3, 1963 "U.S. Would Give U.N. All Arms," has recently come to my attention. I SHOULD like to commend you most highly for your courageous action in bringing this very timely matter to the attention of your readers. LEE J. ADAMSOtf Bellirigham, Wash. Letters t the taller mutt carry ttie complete name and street id- dress of the writer. In extreme and unusual clrcumitances, the wrlter'i Identity may be held ctmfiefentlil and · pen name vied (or publication purposes. Short letters are given preference. The normal maximum al- rnwed Is 3M words. The right Is reserved ta reduce the length of tetters. Arizona Album TUCSON HISTORY MAKERS Edited By Albert R. Buehman t0v0vv0v0*v^vt47*4? r *^^ The Problem Of Angola By BARRY GOLDWATER U.S. Senator From Aiiio»« The problem of Angola in West Africa is still plaguing one of our Important NATO partners, the Portuguese. But the United S t a t e s government is strangely quiet abou^ one important .facet of that problem, the maintenance on Belgian Congo soil of a camp where men are being trained for an- armed invasion of Angola. - . · - . The Congo-government of Cyrille Adoula is openly supporting the movement aimed at the Portuguese province. Moreover, t h e revolutionary camp has the active support of Algerian Premier Ben Bella, who came to thia country to negotiate f o r American aid and then went on to Havana where he pledged his undying support of Fidel Castro. THERE CAN BE NO doubt that the action of the Adoula government in helping to pave the way for an invasion of Angola" is a violation of the United Nations charter. And it is perfectly obvious t h a t the United Nations, dominated by the Afro-Asian bloc; is not about to pay any attention to the Portuguese protests. This being the case, the whole question comes back to Washington and the attitude of the U.S. government. For the Adoula government in the Belgian C o n g o exists primarily through the support of the United States. While the Congo budget is about $400 million a year, the country's internal income is only about $160 million.' Somebody must pick up the tab, of course, and in this case it is the United States w h i c h contributed over $200 million in 1962. Q U I T E NATURALLY, the Portuguese want to know why the United States doesn't insist that the Adoula government disband the training camp and put a halt to the flow of arms and trained guerrillas from Algeria and Tunisia. In March, 1961, an uprising in Angola near the Congo border resulted in horrible excesses, including the killing of more than a thousand Portuguese. Ths Portuguese claim the rebels actually were terrorists from the Congo and that the so-called uprising was, in actual fact, an invasion of Angola. IN THIS INSTANCE, the Portuguese drove the" revolutionaries back across the Congo border, and the fact that the fighting was confined to a relatively small area seems to support Portugal's claim that there is little popular support inside Angola for the overthrow of the existing government. Of course, the critics of the Portuguese claim that Angola and Mozambique, a province on the east coast of Africa, are colonies and must be freed. Portugal, on the other hand, claims that both provinces are integral parts of their own country, just as we hold Hawaii and Alaska to be integral parts, of tha United States. REGARDLESS, there Is a serious question of whether Angola is ready for self- government. And if we continue to acquiesce in the maintenance of a rebel camp in the Congo and in other moves aimed at Angola, we will be well on the way to creating another situation similar to the Belgian Congo. How do you stand? Copyrlshf 1»43 LAST PHOTO OF PIONEER TUCSONIAN This is the last photograph ever made of the late Dr. R. S. Shumway, pioneer-day Tucson veterinary surgeon and long-time popular pharmacist, avid follower of the Arizona Album and contributor of oldtime photographs and stories to the Album, whose death occurred Dec, 12, 1951. "Doc" Shumway, as he was known to thousands in Tucson over the more than half a century he lived here, posed this picture especially for the Citizen and the Arizona Album in September 1951 at his home, 51 W. 5th St. He asked that he be permitted to have his pipe in the picture. "Shucks," he said, "my friends wouldn't recognize me without my pipe." He was, indeed, rarely seen without it. Later, when shown the completed picture, he was pleased with it. "That's the best picture I've had in years," he commented. (From the Citizen Library.) DAILY DEVOTION The churches were strengthened '» the faith, and they increased in numbers daily, (Acts 16:5. RSV.) The church described in the Book of the Acts was a living, vital, growing body of believers, who followed closely the leading of the Holy Spirit. The growth of the church in our time rests on the principles of universal brotherhood. Until the church of Jesus Christ opens its doors to all believers, its work i« limited, and it fails to represent the spirit of Christ, its founder. It is our business as Christians to make th« church of Jesus Christ meet the needs of all men. Courtesy Tucwn Council e Chvrchw

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