-vf ; • Carbondale—'^Athens of Egypt." VOLUME 17. CARBONDALE, ILLINOIS. M0NDAY FEB. 2, 1920. A v 940 VESSELS IN NEW NAVY, PLflN Includes 16 Dreadnaughts, 13 Pre-Dreadnaughts and Eight Armored Cruisers. 190 MILES OF CONCRETE HIGHWAY FOR SOUTHERN ILLINOIS IS THE PROGRAM FOR THIS: .' • Construction of more than 200 miles of state-hard! . roads in Southern Illinois, costing nearly $8,000,000, will .. begin April 1st, following the letting of contracts which : will begin February llth., a contract being let on Wednes••.. day of each week following until the middle of April. This was, the hope expressed at the district, office here this •morning. It is likely the first road will be built from Ash£ ley, south. •.'<•'.' .. . ''" " : • ' JThe building program for state hard roads in Southern ^Illinois this year consists/of 200 miles of. roads, ap- r - preaching -a cost of nearly §8,000,000. This embraces the 9th Illinois' district, with headquarters in,Carbondale. The district is in charge of DistriQt Engineer L.- Swartz. - :" : : :That contracts for the construction of the hard roads -_•' will' begin to.be let by the state in about two weeks is ac. cording to a recent announcement of the state-highway department. It was not stated, in what -section of ; the state the contracts would first be let. Plans in letting contracts call for a series.of lettings from the middle of February up to the latter part of April. The roads will be cohstr ucted of concrete,18 ft. wide, according to present plans. There is one exception to this in this district,^ however, between Anna and Cairo, where •• the roads will .be constructed of gravel. While reasons for ; this, is not stated,-'it is said the availability o^ material in , this section has influenced the • state to use gravel: This -road will later be made into a concrete highway, however, /£>itis ; estimate'd the cost per mile in this section for concrete .;..j?oa'd& will run near $40,000; ...-•-.. • PEOPLE ON PROGRAM I Given by Baptist Crusaders at Baptist . Persis't Progress Despite Season. P. G. Dyhrkoff is field manager and has MANYIMPRDVEMENTS IN VIEW Assistant Secretary Roosevelt Is for Fleet Rivaling Any in World— Says Department Will Require $1,000,000,000 a Year. 'Church Last :Evening—Well tended. / At- AGED ftOMAN DIES Washington, Feb. 2.—Approximately 940 warships, ' including 10 dread- naughts, 13 pre-dreadnaughts, eight armored cruisers and 17 light" cruisers, will be the peace-time strength of the American navy after" July 1,' the house naval' commottee was told by Hear Admiral Taylor, chief of-the. bureau of construction and repair. 'This will be three times the number in commission when .the United States declared' war on Germany, but the comparative tonnage will only be about onerand'one-half times as great. • The children, of-the Junior B. Y. P. U. department of the Baptist church, recenly. organized'.as tn'e .''Crusaders .^Society," rendered an.interesting program, at the church last • everiing un- ider the capable direction' of v. Mrs. ^Stewart Chandler. I The children's choir, with Mildred Jungers, Louise .Pratt and Clara Jane Dippell 'as accompanists for the congregational singing,added to theattrac- tiveness of the program. Louise Pratt played the ..offertory.. • Numerous stories, poems and songs .were given by the children in relation; to the book, "Mook," a-Chinese .boy, which they have studied for the last several weeks. •.. Following is the program:, 1 •''•'Violin solo—Blanche "Lentz." | . Explanation of the Crusaders— Mrs. •Stewart Chandler'.' ' . • Story, "Mook, our Chinese Friend"—Bond Brown. - ' 1 Story, ''iMdpk's' Golden Dream"— Isabelle Johnson. Poem, I'The 'Jolly Wiggses"—Ethe- lyn Yakeley. Story, "Malea"—Barbara Hoyle. : Malea"—Etheal Dyer. "Dai Kai"—James Dippell. Dai Kai"—Marjorie Winter- While weather .as p'resent handicaps charge of the surveys, and who is al- j ul . rets tu ^ exten " t : War Lesson to Be Used. A number of improvements based^pi ,p ra tt,, .._• the TessonsTeaVried "in" tlie" war" will lie] made. The first line ships. Admiral j Taylor said, will be equipped "with airplane platforms over the forward Poem, Story, Poem, steen-. . Story, Clara Jane Dippell. Story,. "Precious Jungers. Poem, Plumblossom's. Granny"— Jewel"—Mildred The Comfort Dolly"—Louise W,as Invalid For Twenty .Years—Came to Carbondale From Ches. ter a Month 'Ago. ' . ,Mrs. Isebelle Jane Miller, mother of Chas. T. Miller.residing at the end 'of Sycamore street in the former J..H. Douglas house, died-yesterday after-; noon following a long illness. • She had been an in/valid for.twenty-five years, and had been confined to her bed! .for three months. She was 82 years, old,' and leaves the one son. The deceased was a pioneer of IHi- nois, living at' Chester' before the Millers came to Carbondale. •'• The funeral will be held at the home of her son, Chas. T. Miller, tomorrow afternoon at 2~ o'clock. Burial at Oakland cemetery. 1 . • . BRITAIN DENIES SEEKING London's Attitude Explained by Charge d'Affai res Lindsay at Washington. CONTEMPLATES AID MEASURES George E. Mertz, AgedT 72,.'•; Dies at His Home - at Mound City After Illness- With Complications—Wjas; Brother of H. C'. Merte^l This City, George B,' Mertz, veteran..: railway " mail clerk on the Illinois Central' *op~ . 47 years, died .'at his home at Mcrand- Gity • yesterday,. following.. • a'V. fb^e' • weeks' illness-with a-complieatioBi of" diseases. He was a. brother of BT, <T..Mertz -of this city and was well knewE:. here. .,-.'•- : For many years he was. on^t&e maliw iine run of the Illinois. Central jroitif.-.. Carbondale to Centraiia. Lately lie;has been on v a run from Centralia. tov Chicago, taking' effect about a- ye&ir ago. Mertz was known as'a vet&aa mail clerk in! Southern Illinois.. "H$. is survive'd by- three 'daughters, one sort,., Willie Mertz.'.of'Cario,.two brothers: . 'H. : C. Mertz of this city, and C.'.W^,Mertz, of Mound City. . ': •'•.=".- . The funeral iwill be held afternoon at Mound City. • FORECAST FOR THE PERIOD ; FEB. 2 TO FEE: 7, INCLUSIVE 'The Crusaders"—Isabelle the activities of engineers in field so in an important position. The corps work,'ersistent progress is being made of engineers here, in the office, are all throughout this 'section. "We are mak- college men and are a high- type of jng every effort to get as much, done as • engineers and citizens. u • is'assigned-.to.,us," stated L. Swartz,! ' district engineer' today, "and, by the way it is a big job', with vast responsi-. bilitie's. Our force is working with un- > . itsuaT diligence ; and over time nearly . every; day." : •,. Down to Specific Work. ,'• The office force here, the large'part 'of-mor.e than 30 employees of the dis- • trict office here,' are busy handling the surveys, drawing plans on elevation .and cross sections, blocking and. stabilizing* grades in connection with the proposed roads.. Also, making estimated on quantities and • excavations. ; Several Surveys Finished. g over the bows rise i'rom all of Company Arranging For .Two .Big Trailers to Handle Baseball Crowds—^Expect .Them -Here ! by First of"May. • ''' . The interurban company is arranging to have two trailers in service be-1 so that aircraft may them at sea. Othor changes include fire and searchlight controls, details of which were •withheld for military reasons. Must Rival the World. New York. Feb. 2.—The United States must have a navy equal to that oE any' other power and it may cost $1,000,000,000 a year to m.'iinrain it, said Franklin. D. Roosevelt, assistant secretary of the navy, at a meeting of the Brooklyn chamber of commerce. "To maintain the navy,? he said, "now requires from 5500,000,000 to $600,000,000 a' year, but to maintain our protection we .will have to- spend $1,000,000,000 a year. The league of nations will try to limit the size of • It is .announced theft several of the surveys for the-road in this district are' >*• ,now completed, although bad weather has prevented as "rapid progress as was hoped for.-'Those completed are: ' '.Between Carbondale and' Ashley, ..Carbondale and Anna; . DuQuoin and Christopher, .and Carbondale and Marion. • A survey party left the office this morning to complete -the survey ietweeri Pulasfci and Cairo, in charge pf'G. -A/Bixley.: , • '^Most Routes Practically Decided. I <Th'e'. various routes r for the state roads have been ;decided for the most part. JAltho.it" is'stated there is always - a possibility of changes until the actual • construction "begins. Complete plans at .; flrst called".for the route from DuQuoin south to "Ward ,to go in 'the east side .''.of this I. C., 'but-the developments in • the last few days has brought to light ' the possibility-.of a change in : KFe route. No announcement was made regarding .the change in .'this route, 'but it was .} stated.'the-route may be changed." On West Side Through Here. The hard road coming through Car- tween Murphysboro, Carbondale and Henry for .the opening of the baseball season at Twin City park at Henry, according to the Era. It was stated that each trailer will cbe very large, with a greater^seating capacity than- that, of the interurban cars, and .that it was expected that tlie trailers would be delivered here about the first of May': -Last, season when the baseball crowds reached' numbers which overtaxed the transportation facilities of I navies 'and, therefore, large sums will be saved. . . "In any event we must have a navy equal- to any other nation. This is made necessary by our geographical position and our large coast lines." 6,300,000 WORDS IN DEBATE e' company -the.: interurban. people scoured the country for second, hand trailers.and could get none; also tried to place orders for .new trailer's and a new interurban car to be delivered in July. But trailers could not be oh- tained 'before mid-October and $16,000.! Indies thick, was asked for a new iaterurban car, so' an .empty coal car was used for a trailer during the 1919 season. Song, Johnson. . Song, "The Whole Wide World"— Pauline Etherton. Song, "Jesus Loves Me"—Margaret Brown, Julia Gulleitt and Eobert Dippell. " - HAYWOOD INDICTED WITH 36 Chiefs of Industrial Workers of the World Taken Into Custody When They Appear in Chicago Court. i Chicago. Feb. 2. — Indictments, against, thirty-seven members of the J. W. AVJ. were, returned secretly before Chief Justice Crowe, of the Criminal court. The reason for returning the .indictments secretly was so the "wob- blies" could be taken into custody whfe they appeared ( at 10 o'-clock. in Judge Hugo Prim' court for'their preliminary hearings on the', warrants sworn out by State's Attorney Hoyne when he first, began'his drive'against the reds. Chiof among those indicted are William D. ("Big Bill") Haywood and Thomas Whitehcad, secretary of the .organization. . '. , '. Letter to Secretary of Treasury Glass Says Only Co-Operation in Relief Work Is Asked—Shows Understanding Between Countries. ' ;--;?Vflslilngton, Feb.' 2.—Secretary Glass 'made public a letter'received from the British charge d'affaires,' explaining Great Britain's attitude on further loans from tlie United States. The British government does not contemplate fresh borrowings in the United States, but does'contemplate re- j lief, measures such as the $130,000,000 relief proposal for Poland, Austria stud Armenia, which Secretary Glass *ul>- mittotl. to congress. In making public the letter of the British charge, I!. C. Lindsay, Secretary Glass Kikl:."lt shows a substantial agreement between the two governments-- with respect to finance." Wants No New Loan. Mr. Lindsay's letter follows : "I am desired by my government to make" the following statement to you : "In view of repeated -allegations, in the press that the British government, desires-to borrow large suras in the United States, his majesty's' government states that, as has 'been explained, more than-once, in.-.the. British, parliament', it' is entirely contrary to the policy of the British treasury to iu- cur a fresh indebtedness. "The loan issued in die market on November 1, 1019, by the British government was issued for the purpose solely of meeting maturing Indebted- i For the Upper Mississippi and: Lower Missouri Valleys: Occasional local* snows -in north and snow or raft* in* south portion-, except generally fail- middle of week. Tempe'rature nearijr normal. • , BIRTHS Born to Mrarfd Mrs.R.C.Dooling; at. " Springer street, a nine pound Bany girl, Sunday morning.' DooKng is assistant engineer at the state hard office here. ENTERTAINAT 6 O'CLOCK Dl NNER . Mr. and Mrs. James Blackwood, Mr. and Mrs. Clyde Somers and Miss Pearl Blackwood.. o£ Murphysboro were iguests at 6 o'clock dinner yesterday afternoon of Joseph F. Drury and his mother, Mrs.'Ree'Drury, at their home on South Normal Avenue. WOULD. EXECUTE AGITATORS • bondale 'will come from the north . 'nn: the 'west side .of the Illinois Central 'and pass through the city. From Car- bondafe south' the road will continue .bnitfie' west side" until it gets -.0 Cobden TThere.it will take the east side ..... . „.,-,. ., UBU 0- • (Judge Landis Advocates Killing, Not . to Cairo. \ . Deportation, of Traitors to . ' < •• Office Here a x Hum. . - - - .the Country. " With th'e dis'trict office. here a hum [ _ _ ' of activity, District Engineer L. Swartz j Minneapolis. Minn., Feb. Z— Bxecit- is .in the field part of the time and in j tion rather than deportation of "trea- ' the office p'art'of the time. "My able, J son agitators" was advocated by Judge right hand "man," Swartz said, "is C. ; K. M. Landis of Chicago, who Branded S Dooling, assistant district engineer, the Socialist, I. W. W. and kindred or- ±t. uooime, «?? , Bound Volume of Treaty Speeches Fourteen Inches Long, Eight Wide ... and Seven Thick . Washington, Feb.. 2.—Urging economy in print -paper, -Senator Smoot -of Utah . told' "the" senate '.that ; senators have uttered., ho less than G,300;000 . . words in speeches tjri the p'eaee treaty. J ° f , ^f! e , S HP showed the senate a. bound volume of the peace treaty.speeches. It was 14 indies long, S inches wide-and 7 contained 8.UOC pages. This doesn't intluderthe Innumerable newspaper articles, editorials, letters anil petitions reart.iutn the record-during the consideration of the treaty. And the'end of the treaty light .is not in sight. BIG RUSH FOR. WET POLAND STORK IS BUSY 'IN- FRAMCE .^ . , „«„., ganlzations ns "traitors to the eoun- •4SSjj ; - ^aa.-:in charge of the general office I » fe nn ^^ ^^ the Amerf . '""••^"- - rict office." Engineer protoctlvil lpng ., p , lero , - ; - . . "- : T^orK a* -the district office." Engineer F'ays 39 6C3 Visits in Paris—Hospitals Are Over.axec!—War Quickened - ' -Mothci' Instinct. Puri?, Kr:h. 2.—Xtnv tirJiioK are jn--. riving In such numbers ilia* every :iia- Tt'i-p.ilV hospitn! in i'aris is ci'nwtkMl. Som« hospitals luive haif to resort to inatti'esses laid (Hi the bare floors. The year 1010 brought td the hospitals MO.GGS maternity cases, which Is 13,431 more than were cared, for in 1018, the last "normal" -year of so- railed French race suicide! -..'' Science attributes* the increase not to any unusual sense at national duty but to a quickening of the mother instinct ' . Forty Thousand Applications for: Pass•"' ports Pile Up at the New Y°. r k .Consulate. .Hartford, Conn-!,'Feb. 2.—An exodus a "dry-America, to wpt Poland-lias' struck .a snag.- The Polish consul at New York telegraphed here that" no' more applications for passports will b<; entertained until 40^.000 already on file are passed upon. There are 3,000 Poles in Hartford alorie' who 'are olnnioring to .get'home because beer is plentiful in Poland. ness. Ask "Some i Relief Co-Operation. confusion seems to have SHAVE FRESHMEN'S HEADS Now tbe Grand Jury Gets School Boys at Sterling, III. High Sterling, 111., Feb..2.-—Seven Sterling high school boys were arrested here and bound ever to rlie April grand jury under $1.000 limit! each, which they furnished. They ""haze* five freshmen, shearing off their hair.• THREE DIE IN-TRIESTE BLAST Jugo-Slav Workmen Are Blamed for . • Explosion in Powder • ' Factory. London, Febi 2.—Three i persons were killed in the explosion of a powder factory, .attributed to',Jugo-Slav workmen at Trieste, Istria, according to. a Rome dispatch to. the. Central News.'-" ' • " •' •"'!'',"• arisen out of .the fact announced in the press both', in Great \Brituin and'the United States," that the British government had invited the'co-operation of the governments of other countries, and in particular of the United States, in joints action for --ftintiieiv uifeas'ures- of relief and reconstruction in the suffering parts dif Europe. . "Any such measures, if finally agreed upon, must obviously involve no further borrowing by the people of the United Kingdom i'ro'm . the United States, but. further advances by tlie United Kingdom as well as the United States and such other'eoumries as take, part in the joint, action contemplated to countries .requiring "assistance." Prominent Murphysb&ro ' Merchant's Wife Dies- Mrs. Nealy Fay, wife of a prominent business man, of Murphysboro, dietf at her home yesterday after.ash ort Ut-^ ness, with pneumonia and. la: grippa*. , - INDUSTRIAL CENSUS MAROU.^-. Twelve Hundred Men to Gather Date-: on United • States Economic ( ; • Conditions. ' . . - Washington, Feb. 2. — of the. nation's industries... iBCluilijwj, . manufacturing plants, mines,.- ries, oil and ( .gas wells, forestry '. iu»B -. forest product's,, will start Mar,c]^ Ji,. Mr: • was announced by Sam t. Bpger^,, »tt- , ., rector of the. census. For the pijrpwst- . of this census the. country has.'b.ews. . 'divided into 589 districts .aB.d 1 ! 2S*-' 5 :• men will be needed to make the. c«jupt- • A force . of j)inety-eight f spe.ciara'gcni»> : ' •' •froin.the s**jRh!ngton omce will be'. ftft'- • charge of the headquarters io 'tfes: ; various' stares. Figures on' tl)e ptreni^ - bers of workers employed niidi' lioaTs? - 'and wages' -will be compiled. Hejvp. after the industrial census wiff^&t- taken every •. two. years, Mr. CARRANZA NOT A DICTATOR Consul General for Mexico at El Paso . ' Says AH Candidates Will. • '. . Be Protected. ' . ; - * ,h El Paso,'Tex., Feb. 2.—Guarantees that l!ie !n\v will• !>p nnmplii'd wi;h':is tt.£:u\!s tlie" protection u/ i-a.-idiilatcs; for the presidency have been issued by the-Mexican-.secretariat of tlie interior, according to 'official advices received here by Alberto Huix Sandoval, j acting : consul- general for Mexico at I El -Pas'o. : •. - . " Senor Sandoval said he' had received no information regarding the report that (President^ Carranza had' declared himself dictator of. Mexico. "Such" a step' on the part of President Carranza is Inconceivable," San- doyal declared. . : • • . . . . stated! instehd' of only at the time ot:. the decennial population count.. CYCLE THEORY FOR-.. FLIT \ English Physician Finds-Epidemic Recurs in Cycles.33 or 66 Weeks. : - Apart. " - Washington, Feb. 2."—Recurrence- pt.'influenza epidemics in cycles of 33- &~ ' GG weeks apart is discussed in u shite--' ment'issued by tbe. bureau ol\censns;, . baseil on'a stud.v made" by Dr. ,1'oftiv'r Browiilee, tin .English physician, who: .advanced the cycle theory. • ' • . : . "It is now exactly >GG weeks s!0;cc- • • the mi)rt,-iliiy..peak of-the epidemie-KV- Chicago," the statement 'sai'J. "The- same is time for Xew> York city amV" Washington". In all • three of these places inllueiizn is epidemic." " Fifteen of Crew Probably Lost iiEn. Channel Near Brest When Storm. Hits Vessel. Brest, Feb. 2.—The British- shfp-.- Nero .was wrecked near Bolen.e'islano>: in a storm which swept the . channel. The crew of.20-men left ship in- two lifeboats. ,pne'pf these: carrying: five m«n, has; Inmieil. .ht>* th.ere is no news ftonr the "
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