Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona on April 29, 1963 · Page 17
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Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona · Page 17

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Tucson, Arizona
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Monday, April 29, 1963
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Page 17
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MONDAY EVENING, APRIL 29, 1963 PAGE 17 AMERICAN WHO LIVED IN CUBA witiiess Says Castro Exporting Guns, Agents; Has Missiles MIAMI--UPI-r-An American eyewitness to the Communist buildup in; Cuba said in a copyrighted radio report today that high speed vessels are transporting "tons of arms" and men from Cuban ports to Latin American countries almost daily.. The report, copyrighted by. Miami radio station WGBS and the Storer Broadcasting Co., also said the Fidel Castro regime has "at least" 1,000 missiles which can reach the United States mainland. The American and his wife said they were residents of Cuba for more than eight years. They recorded their'story for the radio station but declined to permit use of their names for fear of reprisals against friends on the island. The couple said they have given complete details about everything they have learned about Castro's military strength to the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, according to WGBS. . Their report challenged official assessments of Castro's arsenal and estimates of Russian troop strength on the island by the U.S. government. Castro's power ; is constantly increasing, the American said, and he is literally exporting his revolution by shipments of arms and trained agents to other Latin nations. Foreign troops from the Communist bloc nations and the U.S.S.R. now in Cuba total between 70,000 and 80,000 men, the American /said. In addition, Castro has about one-third of the island's population, some 2 million persons, under arms, he added. He and his wife also reported that: --"At least" 1,000 two-stage, 45-foot rockets -- with an estimated minimum range of 300 miles--are in Cuba, many of them stored in caves. --High-speed vessels, about 150-feet long and carrying no flag or insignia; are "running" small arms and trained saboteurs to Haiti, Guatemala, V e n e z u e l a , Chile, Peru and Argentina on a regular "schedule" of shipments. --Submarine "pens" have been built under the guise of "fishing ports" at Mariel, near Havana, and at Banes, in Oriente province, and service an estimated 50 Russian bloc submarines operating in and around Cuba. --A new submarine base is under construction at the Isle of Pines "that will be the largest of its kind in the world." --The Soviets have cleaned out, reinforced and ventilated about 50 huge natural caves in Oriente and Las Villas provinces alone and are using them as military depots for tanks, rockets and planes. In his lengthy report, the American said his information was based in part on what he had seen personally and partly on what "completely reliable" underground sources--which include Castro army officers as well as Russians--told him. He said the Russians did not remove all their bombers nor all their "real big" missiles--measuring up to 70 feet without a warhead -- despite their claims to the contrary. The Soviets have converted a network of caves, many of them interlinking, throughout the island into missile .bases as well as arms depots, he said. "Some of the exportation of arms from Castro's island is taking place at Santiago, only a scant 60 miles from the U.S. navy base at Guantanamo," .the copyrighted broadcast of the American's report said. "And some of the caves, which house the rockets with portable launching facilities are only shouting distance from Guantanamo." The American said approximately 2,800 French-speaking Senghalese Communist Negro troops were based at Siboney in Oriente province. But underground reports now indicate, he said, that virtually all of them were sent to nearby Haiti, currently the scene of growing political tension. Soviet submarines and freighters ares engaged in ship'ping heavy arms to Latin · American Communist guerrillas, the Amer-*. ican said. There are about eight 150-foot vessels assigned to the small arms transportation, he said. Their crews are "mixed"--Russians and Iron Curtain sea- 1 men--but "they are blonde types, they could be taken for Americans and they ; ·wear American clothes. That's the impression they want to give." He said an uprising against Castro without massive outside help is "out of the question--it would be pure suicide," The recent U.S. crackdown on anti-Castro raiders has had an adverse effect on the Cuban people, he added. "It has undermined morale and is the sort of thing that could push them into communism." s Of Havana 'Bombing' Launch U.S. Neutrality Probe WASHINGTON--UPI--The Customs Bureau is investigating reports of a one-plane bombing raid on Havana to determine whether the attack violated the neutrality or Munitions Control Acts, a spokesman said today. A Federal Aviation Agency (FAA) spokesman said in New York, meantime, that a twin-engine Beechcraft that may have been used in the raid has been seized pending an investigation. THE CUSTOMS spokesman said agents were investigating the story of Alexander Rorke, a free-lance reporter and photographer, who said he took part in the raid. The spokesman also said he expected . investigators to look into a newspaper story (Boston Traveler) quoting a 21-year-old Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) student and a pilot who said they also went on the raid.; "I hadn't heard of the story but we have an office in Bos- ton and they read the Traveler," he said. The Neutrality Act forbids aggressive acts against any nation "with whom the United States is at peace." The Munitions Act prohibits export of "munitions of war" without permission of the State Department. RORKE AND the student said the.plane carried homemade bombs which they lighted with cigars before dropping them on an oil refinery. The bombs apparently did no damage. Cuban authorities said they did not go off but that Castro's regime was holding' the United States responsible for the raid. The customs spokesman said it would be a law violation if the plane used in the raid took off from United States soil without proper clearance and if it carried munitions. The Justice Department declined comment on the reports but the customs spokesman said .the Justice Department normally would prosecute any such violations. In another development, the head of an anti-Communist organization said he was visited by FBI men investigating Rorke's role in the raid. EDWARD HUNTER, of Arlington, Va., chairman of the anti-Communist liaison, said he was told the FBI was "trying to build up a case . . . of violation of the Neutrality Act by Rorke" and possibly by Hunter. Hunter said he was shocked that Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy "should take a patently illegal action" because the Neutrality Act applies only to f r i e n d l y countries. Hunter said he considers that the United States is "psychologically" at war with Cuba. Hunter said it was "repre- hensive . . . that a small staff (of FBI men) should be used in harassing anti-Communist people." ACTION, PLEASE! If you have a question or a problem to be solved, involving any governmental agency or public matter in the Tucson area, write to Action, Please, care of the Tucson Daily Citizen. Reporters will investigate your queries,and answer them in this column. Questions must be submitted In writing and must contain your full name and street address (which will be withheld from publication on request). U.S.D.A. Graded QUESTION--Please explain the full significance of the reference "U.S.D.A. Graded" as it appears in beef advertising in grocery stores.--3. Fred Wakelin, 235 W. Rillito St. ANSWER---As explained by the United States Department of Agriculture, each of the U. S. grades for beef is associated with a specific degree of quality which can be used as a guide to the appropriate cooking method. It is easy to recognize federally graded beef. Almost every cut from graded carcass will bear one or more of the shield- shaped" grade stamps which enclose the letters USD A--meaning U. S. Department of Agriculture--and the name of the grade, such as Prime, Choice, Good, Standard or Commercial. This shield-shaped grade stamp which identifies quality, is not to be confused with' the · round federal meat'inspection stamp, bearing the legend "U. S. Insp'd P'S'D," which certifies wholesomeness. According to the USDA, quality in meat Is highly variable and almost impossible to judge in small retail cuts. The federal meat grader who places the USDA grade stamp on meat is highly trained and grades only whole carcasses or wholesale cuts. He uses a roller stamp which leaves a ribbon-like imprint of the grade name on practically all retail cuts. In view of this then, when a grocery store advertises that meat is USDA graded, it only means that the customer'can tell what specific degree of quality the meat in that store is. And unless one knows the difference in grades, he is apt to think he bought the best when in reality It would be a piece as tough as a saddle. For instance, USDA Prime is produced from young cattle and well-fed beef-type cattle. The, youth of the cattle and careful Intensive feeding which it has had combine to produce high quality cuts. Such cuts have liberal quantities of fat interspersed with lean (marbling). On down the line, USDA Choice is of high quality but usually has less fat than beef of Prime grade. More of this grade of beef is produced than any other grade. USDA Good pleases customers who seek beef with little fat but with an acceptable degree of quality. Standard grade has a very thin covering of fat and a high proportion of lean. USDA Commercial is produced from older cattle and usually lacks the tenderness of the higher grades. There are three other grades of beef-Utility, Cutter and Canner. Utility is produced mostly from cattle somewhat advanced in ag'e and is seldom sold as fresh beef. Cutter and Canner are used, ordinarily, in processed meat products and rarely, if ever, sold in retail stores. It's In The Billing QUESTION -- Perhaps you can clarify why our utility bills' are higher when our utilities aren't used as much than they are at other times when our utilities are used more. For instance, in January of this year our bill was a few pennies under our December bill. In January, if you will recall, we had a few weeks of freezing weather as well as a few weeks of wonderful weather. In December, the utilities were all on double time, due to the weather and vacation, etc. Should not this have balanced out?--Name withheld by request. ANSWER--This has long been a confusing situation to many and yet it has a relatively simple answer. The reason is a matter of the number of days between meter readings and billing dates. They both vary, giving you sometimes more and sometimes fewer days between meter readings. This means then, as a general rule, they will be higher the more days there are between readings and lower the fewer days there are. In other words, some bills include usage for more days than others. Also, these bills don't go by the calendar. The bill you received in mid-January took in eight days of January weather, plus December from the time of the December 7 meter reading in your case. Each bill isn't for that exact calendar month. They overlap each month. A check of your meter readings and bills, and meter reading dates, for the past 16 months shows them to be very consistent. This is especially true when you consider that meter readings sometimes allows a few extra cold days to go on one bill. It also would seem to prove that even sunny Arizona has a few extra cold days on occasion. UA Educator Sees Teacher Labor 4 War' TUCSON TONIGHT, TOMORROW --Citizen Photo by Tom Kaser IT LANDED IN A TREE Sheriff's Deputies Cecil Knop (left) and Terry Centner examine the wrecked sports car which went off Sabino Canyon Road yesterday, plunged down a steep embankment and wound up in a tree. Two young Tucsonians were injured. Sports Gar Plunges Into Canyon; Girl Badly Injured By TOM KASER Badly injured himself, a Tucson youth crawled up a steep embankment to the Upper Sabino Canyon Road yesterday and muttered to two passersby: "Car down in canyon girl down there." The boy, Neil Grab, 19, of 127 E. Navajo Road, pointed to his wrecked car and his girl friend, Betty Jean Webb, 17, of 7933 E. Beverly St., who lay seriously injured 150 feet below. The car, an MGA sports model, was balanced precariously against a tree over a small stream about another 50 feet below. Three sheriff's deputies and five passersby went down to the embankment by rope to rescue the semi-conscious girl. Deputy Cecil Knop said the car apparently went out of control about 8:30 p.m. and plunged over the steep slope. The girl was taken to Tucson Medical Center where her condition was reported serious today. She suffered multiple bruises, several head cuts, cuts on the right forearm and possible internal injuries. Grab, thrown from the car halfway down the embankment, was reported in fair condition at the same hospital. He received multiple bruises and head cuts. Deputies and Lt. David Kleuskens of the Rural Fire Protection Co. rescue unit gave both victims first aid at the scene until an Adair Ambulance arrived. Grab was found lying in the road, just a few hundred yards below the end of Upper Sabino Canyon, by two airmen, Charles Duncan and Unless otherwise noted all meetings listed in this column are open to the public without charge. TONIGHT 7:30 P. M.--Steward Observatory night. Steward Observatory, UA campus. 8 P. M.--Doctoral recital, Page Long. At Catalina Methodist Church. TOMORROW 4 and 8:15 P. M.--Rudy Bros. Circus, at Pima County Fairgrounds. Benefit, sponsored by Tucson Shrine Club. (Two shows W e d n e s d a y , same time.) Charge for admission. 8 P. M.--Concert, Woodwind chamber music. Crowder Hall, UA campus. 8:30 P. M.--Arizona Lariat Theatre presents "A Doll's House." (Through Saturday, with 2 p.m. matinee Saturday.) Charge for admission. Bruce Marr, both of the 2704th Aircraft Storage and Disposition Group at Davis- Monthan AFB. Duncan told Deputy Terry .Centner that Grab muttered "Car down in the canyon . . . girl down there" as he pointed toward the wreckage. Duncan and Marr left Grab in the hands of five teen-age boys, who happened on the scene, while they drove to the entrance of Sabino Canyon and notified Pierre Early, the park caretaker. Early called the sheriff's office. Knop said there were 10 feet of skid marks just prior to the point where the sports car left the road. At TMC, Grab told Knop he lost control of the car as he was coming around a curve. Sabino Canyon was closed from about 9 p.m. to midnight last night while the rescue and salvage operations were in progress. U.N. Receives Pact On Yemen UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. --(#)---Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Republic have signed an agreement calling for an end to foreign intervention in Yemen, diplomatic sources said today. They reported the agreement now is in the hands ol U.N. Secretary - General U Thant. Davies Warns School Boards By G. K. HODENFIELD i AP Education Writer DENVER--UP)--"School board members are learning the hard way that teachers can no longer be taken for granted, can no longer be pushed around," an Arizona educator said today. Professor Daniel R. Davies of the University of Arizona added, "If school boards and teachers don't learn how to work together, we will get into an era of jungle warfare of the type that industrial labor and management once went through." Davies spoke in an interview at the annual meeting of the National School Boards Association. NSBA delegates are frankly worried that the determination of teachers to have more voice in decisions about their salaries and working conditions is a threat to local control of education in this country. (DAVIES TOUCHED off a controversy in Arizona earlier this year when he told Tucson teachers at a meeting that organized labor was determined to gain control of their profession as a stepping stone to new power and prestige. (Davies said that while he was not anti-union, he felt teachers should be independent of any other group. (His statements were labeled "shocking" by Fred D. Rhodes, president of the Arizona AFL- TEACHERS UNION Tucson Area People Called To Testify In Roads Probe By JAY HALL Citizen Staff Writer WASHINGTON--"Quite a few people from the Tucson area" are among the more than 30 witnesses summoned to testify on Arizona road construction practices before the Blatnik House subcommittee, a n a u t h o r i t a t i v e source said today. Hearings start tomorrow, with the probability that Tucson witnesses will appear early next week, he said. The Blatnik group is known formally as the House Public Works Highway Investigating subcommittee. For months it has been looking into building practices on four federal interstate system projects in Arizona. Gila Bend witnesses are expected to figure early in the hearings, and indications were there would be one or more witnesses from the Prescott area. Unidentified road projects in the "Tucson-Yuma vicinity" were said to be under scrutiny. The subcommittee would not make known in what connection any of the Tucson witnesses would appear. Rep. John A. Blatnik, D- Minn,, chairman, said the hearings would continue until about May 15. He said it was subcommittee policy not to identify subpoenaed witnesses in advance of their appearances. He revealed that staff members completed serving subpoenas last week. Blatnik said some witnesses are present and former em- ployes of the Arizona Highway Department. Officials of the Arizona division of the U.S. Bureau of Public Roads also have been requested to report to Washington and be available for testimony before the subcommittee. Results of the probe in four other states led to improvements the past couple of years in right of way acquisition practices and construction controls. District 1, Svmnyside / ,, Raises' Protested By HELEN PASTERNAK District 1 and Sunnyside school boards have been urged by the Pima County Teachers Union (PCTU) to reconsider their stand against granting teachers additional salary raises for the coming year. A resolution adopted by the PCTU on the issue has been forwarded to the school boards and superintendents in both districts. WHILE TEACHERS in the two districts will not get additional raises, those in Sunnyside will receive a $376 annual increment. District 1 teachers will get an annual increment of $350. Flowing Wells teachers will be getting a pay hike of about $550. In Amphitheater, teachers have been granted raises ranging from $567 to $735 for the 1963-64 school year. In regard to the stand taken in District 1 and Sunnyside. the PCTU voted at a recent meeting to "most emphatically go on record against this unrealistic and ill-advised action." THE RESOLUTION further stated: "We criticize this action as placing teachers who have spent years preparing for the teaching profession in a situation of having to supplement their income by 'moonlighting.' " Both school boards were asked to "reconsider their ill-advised and unfair action and grant the teachers in their districts the modest raises they need to maintain a decent standard of living." Robert Morrow, superintendent of District 1 schools commented on the resolution "WE WOULD LIKE to have the top salary schedule in the country, but the community can't afford it. If we stay up in the 20 to 25 per cent, we are doing well." Sunnyside Supt. John Her rera is attending the Nationa School Boards Association convention in Denver anc could not be reached for comment. However, Sunnyside Schoo Board members, in voting to continue the present salary schedule for next year, said they could not grant furthe raises because of complaint, on high taxes. :iO. The Pima County Teachers -Union charged he was unethical in attacking motives of teachers joining the Amer- can Federation of Teachers, AFL-CIO.) THE SITUATION in Utah, Davies said, is a case where 'each side has gone almost oo far for there to be any lope of a friendly agreement ' eing reached." Dr. W. Dean Belnap, president of the Utah S c h o o l boards Association, said yes- erday that. Utah's p u b l i c chools are almost certain to emain closed next fall. Utah teachers have voted not to sign contracts for the 963-64 school year unless a special session of the legisla- :ure votes additional school imds. Neither the teachers nor Gov. George D. Clyde has shown any sign of budging an 'nch, Belnap said. DAVIES NOTED that "about 70 per cent of the current ex- ienses in a school budget is :or teachers' salaries, a n d most of the rest is for fixed expenses which school board members can't do much about. "If local boards, such as those in Utah, are not allowed to make the basic decisions on finance, there is little left for them to do. "This is a serious threat to them, and they are becoming frightened." Davies said teachers all over the country are watching the Utah situation, and what has happened there probably will happen elsewhere. The National Education As- sociation'and its various state affiliates have been urging what they call "professional negotiations" in setting salaries and working conditions. The smaller but more vocal American Federation of Teachers plumps for collective bargaining. · ; "BOTH organizations," Davies said, "have shown an increasing tendency to challenge the traditional practice of school boards in making unilateral decisions a . b o u t teachers. They are standing up to the boards, bringing power against power." The school boards, as reflected in convention sr-ssiona here, are extremely jealous of their traditional authority. A policy statement adopted last year emphasized: "School boards . , . shall r e f r a i n from compromise agreements based on negotiation or collective bargnin- ing and shall not resort to mediation or arbitration .,," .it

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