Stringing pearls is an art, in which theso girls are expert and are highly rated on ladder of skilled workers in Japan. (Continued from Page 9) the United States. No Japanese shell has been found hard enough for the job. The cultured pearl of Japan deserves far more respect than it normally receives, for it is not only a 'natural product of the pearl oyster, but it also requires much time, p a t i e n c e and considerable skill to produce. The idea of culturing pearls is a very ancient one, but it did not become successfully established as an industry until recent times--about GO years ago-v when a Japanese, Kokichi Mi- kimoto, began his experiments. ONCE THE SEED has been placed in the pearl oyster it is taken back to the sea and suspended in a wire basket in the warm coastal waters of Japan. Close control is kept on the growth of the pearl within the oyster's body through periodic inspections. The laying down of pearl material on the seed is a very slow process often taking from five to seven years and requiring the use of more than one "parent" oyster. But when the pearl is ready to remove it is impossible to tell from the outside whether it is a cultured pearl or a natural one. If a hole has been drilled t h r o u g h the pearl, it is easy to detect the difference, but virgin pearls Which have not been pierced must be put to a strong, transmitted light to demonstrate the difference. Purchases from Japan arc measured in the Japanese weight of momme. One momme equals J8'/2 carats. Once they arrive in Southern California they are reclassified by size, strung into necklaces or manufactured into jewelry. Pearl Harvest From the Sea More and more motion picture and television studios are using pearls as required props for their feminine stars, James E. Boutross, a Los Angeles pearl expert says. It is not uncommon to receive requests for technical advice from directors, he says. "PEARLS ARE STILL a mystery to most people, including a large percentage of old-time jewelers," he declared. "Once a studio called and wanted to know what the effect would be if a movie crook hid a necklace in a magnum of champagne. I told them if the pearls were any good it would be the perfect crime. The wine would disintegrate the pearls if the scene called for them to be left there for any length of time." A typical gem pearl is made up of about 4 per cent water, 4 to 5 per cent organic matter and about 92 per cent lime or calcium carbonate. If through the years, a pearl loses its water, its surface becomes cracked. Pearls are also easily dissolved in acids, as their high lime content would indicate. Unlike diamonds, pearls deteriorate within a relatively short time. While the average life of a pearl is about 50 years, many beautiful specimens are known to be several hundred years old. Pearls suffer mostly from the drying effects of direct sunlight and the acid condition of the human skin. (If a valuable necklace is worn frequently it should be sent to the jew- | elers for cleaning about once a year.) The color of pearls varies greatly, too, although no one seems to know exactly why. There are white pearls, pink pearls, gold pearls and black pearls (usually a bluish grey color). ONE IN DOUBT as to whether or not pearls are real may use this simple test. Rub the pearls against the teeth. Cultured or natural pearls set up a feeling of grittiness. The simulated pearl has a glussyi smoothness. I Â·^^^""Â·"^"Â·^^Â·l^^^BBBBKBBBBBBBJlJJJJJJBJpJJ^^^pBBJ' The Largest Quality Carpet Specialty Store in the 4reaf ANOTHER FLOOR COVERING ORLEIGH Bigelow's new and exclusive solution-dyed, 4-color nylon tweed People Who Know Bay tlgelow from Caren't ROOM LONG BEACH -- LAKEWQOD AT NO EXTRA COST! BONDABLE CONTRACTORS FOR YOUR PROTECTION! Wo furnish notariicd lien waiver, from all suppliers and workmen. This is your guarantee of performance and protects you ogolnst "Paying double." ABD-A-BEDROOM FAMILY ROOM 100% Financing Available -- Licensed Insured E C O N O M Y K I T C H E N S , INC. B U I L D E R S HE 7-5004 1249 WEST GAYLORD LONG (EACH FRANCHISED DEALER FOR BIBELOW ALEX. SMITH MACEE PH.LAOELPHIA F.BTH TM"STMI MASLtND DOWN'S WUNDA WEVE PLUS ALL OTHERS 8 Sq. Yd. installed complete with Â»Â«. ,,,, o,Hl .nd 'Â«*'Â·Â« llc * No Money Down 11918 E. ROSECRANS AVE. NORWALK On Rosccrani 3 Blocks Eatt of Pioneer UN 3-0311--UN 8-7791--UN 8-7792 Â· ?".* Â° r OrqcrySelccHaai WE'RE OPEN SUNDAY 19 f H ft "" your Bopping It IU O Convenience Monday Through Friday, 10 to 9 Saturday, Is to 6; Sunday, 12 la Â£ .Â«?
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