Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona on June 2, 1960 · Page 1
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Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona · Page 1

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Thursday, June 2, 1960
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VOL 88 NO. 132 TUCSON, ARIZONA, THURSDAY EVENING, JUNE 2, I960 10 CENTS--52 PA«ES ;;;:,::;,,:; ,,,,,,,,, GATES DOUBTS RUSSIA WOULD ATTACK BASES Decision Denied By PETER STARRETT City officials today denied a published report that a tentative decision has been made to build a new Broadway tunnel. "I don't feel that a decision, tentative or otherwise, has been made by the City Council, Vice F. T. Gibbings said. · "We have just barely discussed the matter with the city manager in private briefing sessions and do not yet have the manager's recommendations or the recommendations of the director of public works," Gibbings said. Gibbings added that the council members have not. yet been given the report of Engineer Russell D. Taylor, hired by the city to study the problem of downtown Broadway access. Taylor favors an underground tunnel solution. Taylor was awarded a $13,400 contract about a year ago to itudy the problem and recommend solutions to the city. In the conclusion of his report, ·ubmitted to the city a month ago and released today, Taylor ·ays that from both cost and traffic considerations an under-] A special committee of down- pass would be preferable. to*' n property owners has long The tunne, he is recommending ^»f^^TM*« would take about 10 months to build and consist of four 15-foot- wide lanes about 200 feet long. . The present tunnel has two 10- foot lanes and is 700 feet long. Construction cost of the tunnel would be about 51.87 million, according to' Taylor's estimate. On top of that it probably would cost about another half million dollars to relocate Southern Pacific Railroad tracks and Pacific Fruit express icing equipment now located over the present tunnel. This amount also would include a detour "shoo-fly" system for trains while the new tunnel is being built and the removal of a building near the west end of the proposed tunnel. The tracks and other equipment must be moved before the shortened tunnel could be constructed. The city has not yet begun.direct negotiations with the railroad to see exactly how much other removal work the city might have to pay for. Newsom Holesapple, co-chairman of the committee with Jack Mitchell, said today he believes downtown merchants would be willing 4;o pay more than $1 million of the cost--through a downtown improvement district--if the project can be started soon. Taylor set the cost of building an overpass at about $2,364,000. He added that some of the removal costs that would be faced in the tunnel building also would have to be added to the cost of the overpass. "The report indicates that if the tunnel is built the downtown traffic patterns will be badly disrupted during the construction period. In releasing Taylor's report, City Mgr. Porter W. Homer stressed that it has not yet been accepted by the City Council and was released only because unauthorized copies apparently had been distributed to unofficial sources in the community. Broadway Blackout Inevitable ' N E W YORK -- * -- Broadway stage shows, New York's prime tourist attraction, face their first blackout tonight in 41 years. , No last-i.·'-,: K solution appears Kkely in a bitter contract dispute between Actors Equity Assn. and producers. As an omen of things to come the curtain already was down at the Booth Theater for an indefinite period. There the cast of -The Tenth Man" failed to appear lot last night's performance, attending an Equity meeting instead. Producers, joined as the League of New York Theaters, called it a strike and retaliated by serving notice that performance of all ihows will be- suspended tonight They contend they are bargaining as a unit and that a strike against one is a strike against all. The producers said also that a million-dollar damage suit would be filed against Equity, The union says a shutdown of all shows will j Gyantse, southwest of Lhasa. The fee a lockout. " number of Chinese killed is not The 22 shows currently running . i «n the Great White Way have a ta»wn *ut is believed high, n i g h t l y audience capacity of | Serious trouble for the Chinese McDonald Stumps For 4-Day Week BOSTON, Mass.--0B--David J. McDonald, president of the United Steel Workers, proposed today that Congress enact a new fair labor standards law reducing the work week to 30 or 32 hours. "For many industries 30 hours a week seems appro- Fighting Reported In Tibet PARO, Bhutan --(ft-- Severe fighting between Tibetan guerrillas and Chinese Communists has occurred recently in south central Tibet. Truckloads of Chinese dead have been brought by night into 27,000. The last general theater strike was in 1919 when Equity won recognition as the actors' bargaining agent. ; A blackout will not affect off- Broadway shows, the City Center or summer stock theaters which operate under separate Equity contracts. Motion picture houses are not involved either. Seven shows now on national tour were exempted last night from being shuttered along with Broadway shows. Further negotiations were scheduled in the contract impasse, centering around a pension plan, but both sides appeared gloomy. Late last night the league said notices will be posted on bulletin boards of all 22 Broadway houses Informing the casts: "Productions are suspended and will remain suspended until Equity tells us these stoppages will cease. See Picture, Page « is also reported in western Tibet, near the Ladakh area which both the Chinese and Indians claim. There are some indications but no. confirmation that this trouble involves dissatisfaction and even defections among Chinese troops as well as clashes with Tibetan guerrillas. The general picture, according to reports from usually reliable sources and from Tibetan refugees, is an upsurge of resistance to the Chinese this spring. Some sources describe the trouble as the most severe since the Chinese crushed the Tibetan uprising of year ago. These reports have reached this trade center in northwestern Bhutan, an independent kingdom on the Himalayan borders of Tibet.. The information comes both from official sources in the border region and unofficial informants. priate," the labor leader declared. "For steel I would favor 32 hours so that a four-day work week can be instituted." McDonald made his proposal for legislative action to cut the 40- hour week in a speech at the governors' conference on automation at the Harvard School of Business Administration. He said that automation "while a great boon to mankind, creates and contributes to troublesome problems requiring bold action and broad co-operation between many forces, primarily labor, management and government." At least 30,000 of the nation's 500,000 basic steel workers are idle now as the result of recent layoffs. McDonaJd said "there is no sign that a negotiated shorter work week in major industries is on the horizon." He added the present 40-hour work week came about "as a result of legislation which required payment of overtime after 40 hours of a week the laws that made sense in the 1930s do not fit the 1960s. The 40- hour week must give way to current needs and to the technology of modern America. . ." 'GREAT BIG ALLIGATOR' Boy Takes Snakebite Intended For Brother FORT WORTH, Tex.-- UPI -What does brotherly love mean? In the case of Dale Douglas Carter, 10, it means taking a poisonous snakebite intenc .for his 3-year-old brother, Marty. Dale was recovering in Children's Hospital today, and his parents are bursting with pride. The boys are sons of Mr. and Mrs. Douglas R. Carter. It happened yesterday in the front yard of the Carter home. Dale and his sister, Trudy, 11, ·were playing ball. They kept Marty on the sidelines because he was too little. Suddenly, the ball roiled near * tree, «rid Marty washed for it. He didn't see the copperhead make rear its head, ready to Itrike, But Dale did. Marty was unconcerned about the whole incident. He says just one thing: "A great big alligator bit my brother's finger." Reds Reject U. S. Nuclear a | Safeguards GENEVA--w--Russia rejected today safeguards offered by the United States against military uses of nuclear explosions for research purposes. Soviet Delegate Semyon K. Tsarapkin insisted that Soviet inspectors be permitted to look into the inside of any nuclear device used in a U. S. research program to improve methods to distinguish earthquakes from nuclear blasts. He termed unsatisfactory an American offer to let Soviet observers look at the explosion from a distance. In a turnabout at the three- power nuclear test ban talks Tsarapkin also disputed his own scientific experts and threw the research program they had presented out the window. Writes Off K's Threat WASHINGTON -- (A -S e c r e t a r y of Dcfcnst Thomas S. Gates Jr. said today he doubts Russia would risk a general war by firing missiles at Allied air bases suspected of launching .spy planes. Gates told the Senile Foreign Relations Committee in its closed door investigation of the Summit collapse he thinks Soviet Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev's direction to shoot at any such base is "part of a stepped up cold war of aggressive propaganda." "I think he must take the responsibility of starting a general New Alert WASHINGTON - UH - Defense Secretary Thomas S. GatM dlsctowd today that another fe- fense alert in the pattern «f that which marked the Park Summit colUpae began l«it night H* said H will be "going for Kvoral days." --Cltlun Photo by An Gr»ib«rgtr AS THE UNIVERSITY GAVE 1,492 DEGREES Part of the 8,000 students, faculty and friends who attended and took part in the University of Arizona's commencement exercises last night. Krutch Asks Honor Above All By JOHN RIDDICK The 1,492 graduates of the University of Arizona were advised last night to confer honor upon themselves as the school honored them with degrees. A plea for personal honor in the age of adjustment was made by Dr. Joseph Wood Krutch--onetime New York drama critic and more recently a critic of our times in a number of books. It is not so much that we do worse things than earlier generations, said Krutch. But what is new is that we are not ashamed. The world can give money, power and fame. But only the individual can give himself honor. And finally it is only honor that gives security. "You may think that personal integrity and self-respect are not what you want more than anything else," said Krutch, who once taught at Columbia University but today lives in Tucson. "You may say to yourself that putting them first would make it too difficult to get along in the world--that you would rather have money, power, fame. "But if you say any of those things you will be making an unwise choice. You will be surrendering something which cannot be taken away from you to fiain something which can be taken away and which, as a matter of fact, often is. "We hear it said often that what present-day men most desire is security. If that is so, then they have a wrong notion of what the real, the ultimate security is. No one who Is dependent upon anything outside is or ever can be secure. CITY SLICKERS CLEAN UP Bull Market In Congo On White Slave Futures LEOPOLDVILLE, Belgian Congo -- UPI -- The most flourishing racket promoted by Congo city slickers these days is the "white slave" business on a future-delivery basis. No white women have actually been sold into bondage, and 5,000 tough Belgian paratroopers and 20,000 colonial troops are determined none will be, but tribesmen coming in from the plantations and mines to look at the white man's towns don't know that. A brisk business in. the "sale" of wives and daughters of Europeans is going on with the country dwellers with the promise the rounded Belgian woman is about $20--a month's salary for the average tribesman. The swindle works like this. The city Joe sees one of his country cousins eyeing a white woman in the street. He sidles up and asks: "Would my friend like to acquire that white woman after independence?" The deal is usually clinched over a beer, and a "bill of sale" is handed over. Since few jungle Africans can read, they are often stuck with an election pamphlet which they are told gives them the right to possess the white woman after independence day. buyer will get his woman after Some of the local con men don't the Congo becomes independent j just sell the woman of the house June 30. i --they sell the house along with The going price for a well-' her. One Belgian rushed into a police station recently to report that an African had knocked at the door of his home and asked if he could have a look around. The Belgian said he had no objections, but asked why the African was interested. The African explained he had just bought the house, would be moving in on July 1, and wanted to have a look at his property. The Belgian bought a gun and is apprehensively awaiting July 1. Many Europeans have sent their wives and children home to Europe or into the bordering British possessions until things straighten out after independence. Airlines and shipping offices report they are booked solid for the next two months by Europeans heading for safety. Brothers Steal Plane, Die In Crash POMONA, Calif. -- m -- Two young brothers who once vowed to "learn to fly or die trying" stole a plane last night, flew it erratically for 10 minutes, then were killed by a screaming power dive into the ground. The boys, whose only juali- ficatkm for flying was that erne had read a book about it, circled a residential district of this Y ..*. * ,, from hit brother. It tamed ·nd bit him on the hatsd. mrs. Carter, attracted try ·creams, and another brother, Jerry, 13. fcffled the snake with t hatchet :*nvl * hoe. Police wftergewcy treatment HfiR tv 9 ptanged their light plane with terrific impact into a schoolyard. It exploded and burned. Near their bodies was that of their pet dog, a feTtow passenger on the tragic jttmt. James and Thomas Mc'Dowa'M, 14 »x5 fi, tried fctft M»T. 35 to steal a plane parked alongside the Piper Tri-Pacer they took shortly before midnight l a s t night. They were caught the first rime before they got off the ground. That was when they ·made their flyor-die vow. Juvenile officers severely reprimanded them and they promised to try to get along better Wiui Sicji jMienui--and not to try to fly again. Officers said the boys were chronic runaways. Last night they apparently short ciTcmted the ignition of the plane, parted at Cable Airport, in nearby Upland, a n 4 Kvt it Wf Wft Residents said the plane flew low o v e r the neighborhood, banked sharply, then the engine roared at full blast and it dove into the ground. The plane hit so hard its wing flattened and the engine was shattered. Only the tail was left standing- The older boy was hurled 5ft feet The younger boy and fl»eir little brown dog were in the wreckage. One boy's wrist watch was stopped at 12:10 a.m. Also in the wreckage was a Boy Scoot mess kit and bits of food. Officers theorized that the boys had b t e n camping owl since Teavmg home. T!i« boys' f i^hw, Dirton Mc- Donald, a machinist, identified his sons at a mortuary. Asked about their love of flying, he sobbed: "Oh, I can't talk. I can't talk." At one point, he said: "That's them. That's the boy's things." The stolen plane was owned by a construction company. The airport is open for private pilots in mm? »nft on »t »nw Vrtnr. Keys are required to s t a r t planes, but the locks can be Oy-pasScci witri wnra -- ern vru trick of car thieves. The oWer boy was the one who had read fire books tm flying, Qn/dltt} flWfl B* them: "I just know I can fly." The officers said the boys told them in March that they were going to fly to Pocatello, Idaho, where they had friends a n d relatives. On that occasion, they short circuited The ignition snd got the engine s t a r t e d but couldn't get the fuel mixture right for takeoff before the (Wrwr rtntfat ttwm I There was no court action i after the first flight attempt. | On the fatal flight, the boys apparently ran i n t o trouble shortly after they were airborne. Witnesses said they were gon- ntwg the engine wkfe open at tfffles. Krulch took as the text of his secular sermon Ihe comment of atomic physicist J. Robert Oppcn- heimer that nuclear weapons in the age of science threaten the disappearance of man--or just, as terrifying, threaten that man may survive but lose his humanily. Krutch's plea was that the: survival of this h u m a n i t y lies finally in the honor of individuals. And it will live if the individual Soviet Asks Junking Of H-Weapons MOSCOW -- UPI -- The Soviet Union presented today a revised plan for complete disarmament calling for the immediate scrapping of hydrogen-bomb carrying missiles and overseas bases. (The first Western reaction in London was that the plan contained serious pitfalls -- that it would abandon the nuclear deterrent at the very start of big power disarmament.) The scrapping of missiles and overseas bases would be carried out within a year to 18 months. This would be followed by the banning of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons, and the destruction of stockpiles and prohibition of further production. Then all armies and military establishments would be abolished. The plan presented today appeared to be the one Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev was to have presented at the ill-fated Summit conference in Paris. It was a more detailed and revised version of the general and complete disarmament plan he had presented before the United Nations General assembly in York iast Se^t. IS. holds on to his personal values-and inevitably be lost if he loses his inner self-respect and merges into society accepting its opinions and customs without question. There arc many signs that we Continued Pngc 10 Clouds Will Drift Over Pretty clouds Up in the sky; Curtsy once Then wave good-bye. --Mary Some clouds arc expected to drift over Tucson but probably won't bring any rain, according to the weatherman. The forecast is for variable cloudiness tonight and tomorrow with a chance of evening showers along the mountains. There will be little change in temperature. Though some rain was expected in the mountain areas yesterday, none fell, the U. S. Weather Bureau reported. Yesterday's high was 94 degrees, eight degrees lower than the 102 record set for the date in 1956. The T-H (temperature humidity) index reading yesterday was 76. A reading of 79 brings discomfort, so the experts say. The temperature tonight is expected to drop to 65 degrees, one degree less than the low this morning. Tomorrow, it may rise to 95 degrees. At 2 p.m. today, the temperature was 101 Degrees aro the humidity 12 per cent. The predicted T-H for tomorrow is 78. Full Wcnthcr Heport. Pa«« If war if he hiti one of our Allied bases for any reason," Gates said in testimony mad* public after it hid hetir (canned by center*. "I DOUBT very much that they are willing to lake it now. I think they absolutely know they will commit fuidde the moment they try It because I think they are fully informed m every way pot- siblc about the practical *x*ct d*- fense posture rf the United States." The testimony from Gates wound up the committee's inquiry into the U2 incident and other eventi related to the Summit collapse. Chairman J. William Fulbright (D-Ark), called the hearings "fruitful and useful." Gates testified he does not believe the Russians will attempt to move their major missile bases because of the revelations about U2 spy plane photography. "THIS IS QUITE an undertaking," he said. "You don't build the construction that is involved in strategic bases easily or quick- iy, and they don't know precisely how much information wt have about them." He idded he thinks the Soviets may "take different means of building new bases or of dispersing bases or something of that character." Gates previously had testified that so far as he knows there was never any discussion in the administration of suspending spy plane flights over Russia as the date for the Summit conference approached. Gates also: 1. Related that top level administration officials unanimously felt that President Eisenhower should take responsibility for th« spy flights after Khrushchev made a great issue of the downing of a spy plane May 1 and torpedoed the Summit Meeting. 2. Defended spiritedly the military alert he issued from Paris as the Summit Session was collapsing. Gates argued it was proper, prudent and "absolutely essential." 4. Disclosed the U2 flightf over the Soviet Union had produced a wide range of "vital information," including locations of missiles and planes and submarine and atomic production. BULLETIN WASHINGTON -- UW -- The Federal Reserve tontf, confident that tarsfttessmen »wl c«n- sdffiers fl* longer *re piagved by nvfteftm psychwtagy, ·WwWHTWWi II vn If! ttttH INSIDE THE CITIZEN Eiehmann's Really Hush-Hush PAGE 2 Turkish Leaders Face Early Trial PAGE 4 U. S. Newcomer To Spying Game r« fiwn we 'jfftistttit 4 per wttt per «ewt. Houston-UA Playoff Starts Tonight PAGE 41 Comics Editorials Financial Page Movies 41 18 25 40 Radio-TV M Sports 4MS Woman's View 57-39 T»c»cmT»iftt 1

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