INDEPENDENT PRESS-TELEGRAM Breakup Big Oil, pay dearly 604 Pine Avenue, 90844 Telephone 435-1161 Herman H. Ridder -- 1952-1969 Daniel H. Ridder -- Edilor and Publisher Samuel C. Cameron -- Gerierol Manager Miles E. Sines -- Executive Edilor Larry Allison -- Managing Editor Don Oh I -- Edilor ; Edilorial Page Bert Resnik--Assistant Managing Editor Don Nutter, Advertising Director E. H. lowdermilk, Circulation Director Millon A. Lomas, .Production Manager B-2 LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY, MARCH 18, 1976 By BILL ANDERSON Knight News Service WASH1NGTON-A lot of attention is being paid these days to Senators Gary Hart, D.-Colo., and James Abourezk, D.- S.D., in their efforts to break up the big oil companies. On the other hand, a credible expert with experience in government and the private sector came to town to testify on the subject as a p r i v a t e citizen and promptly got lost in the maze of the complex debate. The unseen witness was Barry J. Shilli- In of San Diego, an executive who made a point of not carrying oil on either shoulder. In fact, Shillito said: "Without question, the major petroleum companies have done a terribly poor job of putting the (acts before the American people . . . the conclusion for many is that somewhere, somehow, a major cartel is at work on the international front to our economic detriment." Shillito noted that since "many Americans feel this way, the issue has become particularly attractive f r o m a political standpoint. Oil companies now appear to be trying to do a better job of public relations, but an already perturbed American public is not going to be easily persuaded ..." Editorials Struggling downward Every Tuesday evening we get another chapter in t h e Ronald Reagan success sLory. "We appear to have met our goal with something over 40 per cent of the vote," the candidate said manfully after this week's Illinois primary. "Money is no problem," said John Sears, the executive vice '. chairman of Reagan's campaign. "It has picked up since New Hampshire b e c a u s e we h a v e taken the President on." This from a candidate who has . losL four primaries in a row. This from a top aide in a campaign with a $500,000 deficit. There is an explanation for the ; losses. Given the odds favoring an incumbent, Reagan's supporters say, Ihey are practically victories. There is an explanation for Ihe deficit, too. Reagan aides say (he deficit is no problem since the debt is in the form of bank loans' secured by the prospect of Rea- g a n ' s getting federal matching campaign dollars. We have a fantasy. In if, one Tuesday evening in November, Ronald Reagan is elected President. "The Russians are militarily superior," he says, "but we appear to have met our goal with 40 per cent of nuclear parity." In our fantasy, M r . S e a r s i s n a m e d secretary of the Treasury. "The federal deficit is no problem," he announces at once. "It is just m o n e y we borrowed f r o m o u r selves. And things are picking up." In real life, President Ford is gaining more and more voter support. He is also getting more and more support from politicians who previously had l e a n e d toward Reagan. If his success in North Carolina next Tuesday is of the kind he enjoyed f o u r times previously, Reagan can be expected to start thinking about a summit meeting with the President. Ford has erased "detente" from his vocabulary. At the summit, Reagan could erase "convention fight" from his. Then Gerald Ford and Ronald Reagan could start putting together plans for a unified fall campaign. Bumpy road ahead President Ford wins a few primaries and everyone says he has the Republican nomination cinched. Jimmy Carter wins a few primaries and everyone says Hubert Humphrey has the Democratic 1 nomination cinched. The difference is that Carter hasn't won all (he primaries, as Ford has, and that Carter hasn't faced all (he opposing candidates in each race. Ford has; the only opposing candidate in the GOP is Ronald Reagan. Carter will get his toughest test ' next month in the New York and Pennsylvania p r i m a r i e s . The earlier primaries have pretty well eliminated most of his opposition. In New York and Pennsylvania, it will be Carter versus Henry Jackson and Morris Udall. Jackson and Udall will have powerful support from name politicians, from labor and, in Udall's case, from the Democratic Party's left wing. Carter has no organization in either state. He has no blocs of voters clearly in his comer, and no stands designed to create any. What he has going for him is 'his status as front-runner, and his personality. If he wins, he will be in a commanding position at last. If he loses, he will still go to the convention with enough delegate support to make it likely he can at least get the No. 2 spot on the ticket. Putting it together Modest f o l k t h a t they arc, newspaper columnists seldom remind us that they are belter qualified than anyone else to define the roles and strategies of government. Only o c c a s i o n a l l y does a columnist overcome his reticence and tell the truth. The most refreshing c a s e we h a v e c o m e across recently was in a column in which Joseph Kraft analyzed Jimmy Carter's chances of being president. "Carter h a s m a n y s t r o n g points--beginning w i t h brains," o I-l XD MR. YOUR REACTION TO THE- PRIMARY RESULTS TO PAT ? Kraft announced. Then he explained how the Kraft I.Q. test was administered. "I have repeatedly found him able to follow with a sure grasp the component parts, and how they fit together, of complicated arguments about defense and economics," the columnist said. Our own view is that anyone who can follow the component parts, and how they fit together, of a Krafl sentence is well qualified for column-reading. That is a pretty high recommendation. 1 THINK RONM.D REAGAN HAS SUFFEFreo ENOUGH* The soft-spoken Shillito also obscrverl mighl be too much "to expect electe officials to make tough, long-term econon ic (and) national security decisions whi their personal, nearer-term political inle ests may be adversely affected. "Unfortunately, this can lead political exploitation of a problem whim;] could result in adverse long-term econoniiiVilj or national security implications." in: In testimony to the Senate Subcommit-ST lee on Anti-trust and Monopoly, the execu| live said that the national security aspects;:of breaking up the major oil companies* should certainly be considered by Con- ' gross. "AN ASSURED source of petroleum in time of national emergency," said th'e ex-. Pentagon official, "is of overriding import tancc to the national security. Without .'petroleum--in large and adequate quantity, where and when needed--our armed forces would be immobilized and we could not protect our economy." And Shillito pointed out that instead of becoming more self-sufficient since Ihe embargo crisis, the United States hai become more dependent on foreign o i l f r o m (he shaky Middle East. Examples:, Arab nations in I97i produced about 13 per cent of U.S. imports; in 1915 it almost doubled to 25 per cent. Estimates show a depend-i encc of -10 to 50 per cent by 1977. ( He made several poinls in favor of the j bigger oil companies: an ability to finance!' new ventures for different energy sources; f a know-how to compete in Ihe world mar-j ket, even down to negotiations with other | governments. ' ARMED WITH a background as president of Tcledyne Ryan Aeronautical, Shillito also pointed out that big oil qompa-, ny profits haven't been obscene. He. said j slockholders' ecniily in the top firms .has 1 only been 10.2 per cent since 1954, slightly lower than the rest of American industry. "I'm satisfied," he testified, "that in spile of their various international c.pQper-' alive agreements, Ihey are competitive." Breaking them up would further lead to; international insecurity and loss of .business by U.S. owned companies, ShiUHo; sairt. !'.' j But a point he came back to s'everal:, times was "self sufficiency." Just because 1 ^ a few companies have done a "poor job," ofÂ» informing the general public, Shillito .said,! "precipitous dismantling" could cause, serious setbacks in an energy program. ofj self-sufficiency. The political climale. being what il is, breaking up that old gang of mine could be a lot easier than putting it back together again. - . .. i I! it- Booster shot for Ford, Carter I - V 6 5 Y M * Â»c "Current thinking up here is that Humphrey will get it!" By R. W. APPLE JR. New York Times News Service CHICAGO--President Ford's victory over Ronald Reagan in Illinois Tuesday was (mill on three main foundations: his success in pre-empting issues, Ihe belief among Republicans that he is both honest and cicctable, and indications of an improving economy. The scope of Ford's triumph, based on a New York Timcs-CHS News poll of l.OBO voters who had cast their ballots, was far more impressive lhan in his narrow New Hampshire and Florida victories. He has now taken five straight. If Reagan stays in the race, which most Republicans considered pointless in view of the results in Illinois and elsewhere, he will probably do teller in North Carolina next week, although he trails Ihere. IF THE Californian had hoped lhat conflict-of-interest charges leveled l a s t week against the President's campaign chairman, Howard II. Callaway, would help him here, he was disappointed. The Times-CBS poll indicated t h a t the Callaway issue had made no difference to voters of this populous state, often called an American microcosm. On the Democratic side. Jimmy Carter won his long-sought victory in a northern industrial stale. But he won it under circumstances that foretold liltle about his prospects in those industrial states--such as New York, Pennsylvania and Michigan --where he will Ire tested by his main rivals, Henry M. Jackson ana Morris K. Udall. Neither Jackson, a senator from Washington, nor Udall. a representative from Arizona, was entered in the preferential "beauty contest" in Illinois. It was unclear, m o r e o v e r , w h e t h e r C a r t e r ' s dominance in the preferential c o n t e s t would translate itself into dominance of the delegate contests. TABULATION OF delegate returns was slow, bul it seemed likely lhat many of Illinois' 169 voles Tit Ihe Democratic National Convention would be controlled by Mayor Richard j. Daley of Chicago and Sen. Adlai E. Stevenson III. Neither is pro- Carter. D a l e y preferring Jackson and Stevenson f a v o r i n g Sen. E d m u n d S. Muskicof Maine. Still, Carter, a former Governor of Georgia, approached a majority of Ihe preferential vote, no mean accomplishment. He also defeated Gov. George C. Wallace of A l a b a m a for the second straight week, demonstrating in the process Wallace's inability, in competition with Carter, to attract more than a hard core of supporters. As in Florida a week ago. a New York Times CBS News survey of voters leaving their polling places showed that Wallace's physical paralysis worried f o u r of 10 Democrats. Even among those who thought his health good and those who expressed anti- black and anii-welf.ire emotions, and even in Ihe precincts where Wallace had run strongly as an independent presidential candidate in the 1968 election, Wallace could win only a third of Ihe vote. Unless he can find a new formula. Ihe Illinois returns seems lo indicate Wallace is unlikely lo repeat his 1972 triumph in Northern slates such as Michigan. Carter's grealest strength c a m e in nnrth and northwestern Illinois--a prosperous farming area studded with such politically moderate cilies as Rockford, Moline and Galesburg, where he apparently was helped by his own farm background. But he more lhan held his own in Cook County, which includes Chicago and most of Us suburbs. THE GREATEST benefit In Carter from his strong showing in this slate may IK increased financial contributions. In New York and Wisconsin, bolh of which vole on April ii, Carter's early efforts have been hindered by a lack of funds. In Ihe four-man field in Illinois, former St'n. Fred R. Harris of Oklahoma and Sargent Shriver were the other compcli- lors. Carter stood in Ihe center. He was so perceived by (he voters, drawing equally from liberals and conservatives and from people on both sides of most issues. Hy conlrasl. Carter drew more heavily from conservatives in New Hampshire, where he stood to the right of other candi- dntes and more heavily from liberals in Florida where he slood to the left nf his principal adversaries. His main points of appeal, according In The Times-CBS poll, were his perceived elect.ibility am! his availability as an allcrnalive to those who felt they could not vote for Wallace because they were unsure of his health. ABOUT 10 per cent of those who voled for all the Democratic candidates except Wallace said they would have voted for Son. Hubert H. Humphrey of Minnesota had his name been listed on Ihe preferential ballot. Had he campaigned here, the figure might have been even larger. Â· Such findings, combined with the entry of substantial n u m b e r s of favorite-son candidates in holding operations, are sure In keep alive spcculntion about a possible convention deadlock and a resultant draft of Humphrey. Carter, trying for a first-ballot or second ballot nomination, inevitably s u f - fers from Humphrey's continuing shadow candidacy. There was a further indication that Ihe Georgian's support in Illinois was soft. Fully a third of those who votod for him said they would have preferred if possible to cast their ballots for his centrist rival. Jnckson. Once again. Carter scored strongly among blacks, with whom he had achieved a rapport surprising lo some white northerners. Many politicians here think the Gcorigan's most successful appearance of Ihe Illinois campaign was at a black church on Chicago's Sonlh Side, where he seemed lo fit naturally into the gospel singing, evangelical mood. The TimesCBS poll showed Carter winning roughly half the black vote, more than doubling Ihe performance of Shriver, who has strong credentials among black voters because of his work in the poverty program. Blacks accounted for more thai one-fifth of Ihe Democratic vote .here Shriver had hoped to breathe new life, int' a dying campaign here in Illinois, wheri he lived as a young man. He had won thffi ; j support of some of Daley's key lieutenants j ] though not of the mayor himself, and .thai enabled him to run a respeclable race in Chicago. BUT ELSEWHERE he got almosu nothing, and a member of his staff sail Tuesday nighl that he had been dealt ' lethal blow" here. With his campaign al ready heavily in debt, most Democrats expect the former Peace Corps director lo pull nut. '.-. For Reagan, there was nothing lo cheer about in Illinois. In a slate typical of those thai generate the big blocks of dele gates to the Republican convention, a sta'le whore he was born, a state where such conservatives as the late Everett McKinley Dirksen had flourished, he was unable even In poll enough votes to claim "psychological" edge. While Ihe Republican voters saw little difference between Ford and Reagan on leadership or competence, more than four in 10 mentioned honesty and integrity-as crucial questions, and 80 per cent of them chose Ford. CLEARLY, the economy was Ihe Issue thai cul most deeply. Aboul half t h e Republicans thought the economy wns getting better, no fewer than three-quarter of ihose who thought so chose the Presi dent. Only about one Republican in. si. (hought it was getting -worse, and thoug Reagan carried those with lhat view, the were loo few to help. The Ford organization plans lo brin the maximum possible pressure on Reaganj to pull oul during the next week, citing the, need for party unity, hoping that a .Ford victory in North Carolina will setl]e;tha matter. . There are few politicians who believe lhal Reagan, even though he ran reasonably wet! againsl the President in New- Hampshire and Florida, can survive inlo April. ! 7 wouldn 't like to be a prosecution witness today.'
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