Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona on February 1, 1973 · Page 29
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Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona · Page 29

Tucson, Arizona
Issue Date:
Thursday, February 1, 1973
Page 29
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THURSDAY, FEBRUARY I, 1973 · · · Investigative Reports · Analyses · Opinions Of Others TUCSON DAILY CITIZEN -- PAGE 29 Viewpoint on Latin America {jLJUiai j^rnuriuM ) *Gitmo' too important for U.S. to give up By RICHARD SALVATIERRA ' ' our annual rent checks.. How- Castro gradually forced a redii . CHliM IdltorM Wri«r . everi they dont amount io ^ ^ ^^ number By RICHARD SALVATIERRA Citizen Editorial Writer The United, States naval base at Guantanamo, strategically located: on the. southeast tip of Cuba; has been -a. thorn in. the' side of Fidel Castro ever since he came to pjpwer. ' The .Cuban dictator .has sought to get the United, States out of . there, but this country has refused to, budge; In all likelihood we will not pull out -- and we shouldn't .-^- even though relations with Cuba may be "normalized" sometime early in Presi- dent Nixon's second term. This country holds a lease,on about 45 square miles of land at: Guantanamo, called 'Gitmo' by. the GIs. The lease was obtained at the turn of the century just after the controversial Spanish- American War, and which the" United States need not give up unless it wants to do so. \ ·:' Castro claims we obtained the lease through coercion -- 'and in a way we, did since Cuba wa's; pretty much forced into accepting a quasi-American protectorate situation. He has been refusing to cash our annual rent checks.. However, they don't amount to much. After allowing for two devaluations of the dollar, we pay Cuba ?3,676.50"in annual rent for that tract of land. Now a key base Originally, the naval base was used by us as a coaling station. Over the years, it gained'in importance; it turned out to be a- Richard Salvatterra is a former career foreign service officer whose assignments over a span of 28 years nave almost all been in Latin America. key base for training and outfitting in both world wars.. _Today there are about 3,500 U.S. servicemen stationed there, plus about 150 American civilian employes. In addition, the : United States employs about 250 Cubans/who go in and out of the base each day under stringent security checks from both sides, and ^ larger number of Jamai- .cans. ' . At one time there were nearly 3,000 Cubans working there, but In the beginning -- was Old Main This picture taken almost 83 years ago by Henry Buehman, shows the University of Arizona'as it was in 1890. Old Main, the only building on campus then, is shown before its construction had been completed. . ; ; Classes began in Old Main in 1891. Condemned at one time, then reinforced and put back into use during World War H, the building still stands in a prominent spot on campus for all to see. Outwardly, Old Main has changed little in its 83 years. But the surroundings and landscaping have undergone remarkable changes. (Courtesy of The Arizona Historical Society) Castro gradually forced a reduction in their numbers; several hundred Cubans are living in exile on the base. , At the end of World War H the United States was virtually alone in the Caribbean. But with the advent of Castro, this began to change, with gradually increasing incursions by the Soviet navy. In 1969, a Soviet flotilla "remained almost one .month visiting Cuban ports and conducting exercises in the Caribbean. Since then, the Soviets have had naval vessels in the area, including, submarines, on an almost constant basis. Soviet naval presence in the Caribbean undoubtedly will come" up as a. consideration in any rapprochement with Cuba. We; as well as other American republics, may .demand that Castro start, breaking his Soviet military ties as a condition for Cuba's reentry into the Orgahi r zation of American States. . On the other hand, it should not be surprising if Castro seeks as a condition for this reentry our complete 'evacuation of Guantanarao. This will not be in our interest, and probably we will not do ' it, Excellent port Today Guantanamo is a facility that plays an important, role in our overall defense strategy. U.S. naval experts regard the . base as one of the best in the world. Nearly 150 American ves: sels put into the port each year for servicing, and for training purposes, the facility is unexcelled. , _ -«4 ·Even if Castro seeks to discourage the Soviets from remaining in the Caribbean, this is no longer a realistic possibility. The Soviets have their own security considerations. Furthermore, for psychological reasons, they now feel a need to maintain some sort of constant military presence in the Western Hemisphere. Obviously, the Caribbean is no longer the American lake that it used to be. But Guantanamo, a 'beautifully sheltered bay near the Windward Passage, offers our Navy too many advantages to give up. At least for the foreseeable future, we should hold on to it.- Letters To The Editor Court's death verdict Editor, the Citizen: The U.S. Supreme Court's abortion decision (Citizen, Jan. 22) is a death verdict to millions of unborn lives. It should be remembered as the darkest day in American history. The pro-life movement is tragically disturbed, but those of us. who feel that everyone has the right to live must work even harder to protect life. I -can only feel that America has been plunged to the level of animalism now, for,only animals in the past have destroyed their social outcasts. The Supreme Court has decided that man should also have the right to destroy its unwanted members. If children can legally be killed if they are not wanted, where do we stand on our unwanted senior citizens' right to stay alive? Where do we stand on a child who may be a deformed or retarded burden on society? Are we headed for the day when only a productive mind and body will be permitted to hold on to life? Look around at the bills being proposed today in this, "land of the free:" forced sterilization in Hawaii, euthanasia in Florida; and many other bills proposing control over our rights to live, die and reproduce are being offered as "good for our country." . How can Americans be so bb'nd as to not oppose all the legalized killing offered to us in the name of "population control" and "ecology?" . How is it that we've become,so apathetic and careless about the rights of human beings ·around us? ... How can we face ourselves, knowing that we have allowed a minority to set the pace and make the laws for all of us? I can't believe that so many Americans want abortion on demand that it should be the law for all. ' SUNNY TURNER 2321 W. Virginia Place Never had a chance Editor, the Citizen: . ... Our highest court, excepting two judges, will be responsible for thousands of premature deaths (Citizen, Jan. 22)... Blame the mothers (and the fathers) who promote this. Mothers in the animal kingdom often are noted for sacrificing their lives to protect their young. Blame the doctors, who promote this. Abortion is an easy way out of a sticky situation. But the best doctors find abortion necessary to save ; a mother's life only on the rarest occasion, and Arizona's law provided for that. Also, the medical profession has long known when life began -at conception. Blame the judges. The last outpost of appeal for the defense of life without discrimination. Yet, they chose death without a trial for those who were innocent. The woman whose right to privacy is so important, allowed the invasion of that privacy when she and a man started the life of a new and distinct individual. Finally, you judges, doctors, lawyers 'and others who advocate permissive abortion -- has anyone brought to your attention this fact: The little babies, whole, burned, or in pieces, from , being cut or torn apart, look a lot like those bodies found in the areas of Dachau and other concentration camps of Nazi Germany? One degree of difference, the little ones you have discriminated against never had a chance to be born. DORIS STORMS 75 Camino Espanol "THIS IS YOUR CAPTAIN.SPEAKING ..." Dick West Henry Kissinger whispers · · · · : J -' · . 1 more than sweet nothings We'..'in the media are inclined to overdo the word "historic," but the signing of the Vietnam peace agreement undoubtedly was an event of that dimension. And if we still followed the ancient practice of identifying historic figures by their foremost achievements, Dr. Henry Kissinger most likely would become known as Henry the" Elucidator. It is not, true, as is widely believed, .that it took Kissinger longer to explain the agreement than it did to negotiate it. Actually, the .televised briefing he conducted for newsmen lasted only 90 minutes. But if you formed the impression that the pact was more difficult to explain than it was to negotiate, ,tneh your conclusion coincided with my own. However history might judge Kissinger's role in the negotiations, his niche^as one of the all- time great expounders already is secure. And, after all, what good would the settlement have been if nobody had been able to explain it? ; The 90-minute press briefing was, beyond question, Kissinger's finest hour, or rather. hour and a half, since he explained last year's strategic arms limitation treaty with the Soviet Union. . It may also further ..enhance Kissinger's "way" with the ladies. ' -· Returning from Moscow after the signing of the SALT agreement, you'll recall, the presidential party stopped over in Teheran. While there,- Kissinger visited a night club at which a Persian belly dancer went mad with desire in the presence of his fatal charms and plopped herself into ills lap. He told reporters later that during the time he was thus encumbered he was "explaining how you convert SS-7 missiles to Y-class submarines" under the terms on the SALT accord. If that sort of thing causes girls to go. ga^ga, you can imagine what will happen when Kissinger starts whispering clarifications of the Vietnam peace agreement into their shell-like ears. But be sure to send the kids out of the room before you let your imagination get out of hand. , . For by the time Kissinger gets to the part about why there had to be two almost identical documents, one signed by all four parties and one by" only two parties, and why on one document they signed on different pages, the explanation may reach the adults-only stage. Indeed, this could be the first X-rated peace treaty in history. Evans and Novak Nixon 'grand plan 9 left Hanoi isolated The Vietnam cease-fire -was far more due to President Nixon's overall foreign policy, including his skillful exploitation of the Moscow-Peking schism, than to any sudden change either on the battlefield or in the Communist politburo of North Vietnam. Whether the cease-fire now becomes a durable peace, as Mr. Nixon hopes, is open to' very large questions indeed. . Not open to question, however, is that the President's four-year effort to contrive an "honorable" exit for the United States, was specifically made a part -and only one part -- of his global grand strategy. Thus, the Nixon handling of Vietnam was in dramatic conflict with the late President Johnson's courageous but clumsy conduct of the war. In a burst of exuberance while visiting South Vietnam; Mr. Johnson talked of "nailing the coonskin on the wall;" Limited goal In contrast, Mr. Nixon from the start carefully limited the U.S. objective to a goal easily understood in Moscow and Peking: not the victory that ,the . Johnson rhetoric seemed to glorify, but self-determination for . South Vietnam. Mr. Johnson's advisers, it is true, talked of "de-American- Izing" the war. But Mr. Nixon's men, particularly Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird, went much further with an immediate start toward "Vietnamization." In countless ways, the Nixon men advertised their policy as one certain to eliminate U.S. participation in the war. With the first withdrawal of U.S. troops in 1969, the fear that the United States was in Asia to stay began to disappear in Moscow and Peking. Coupled with this was the President's insistence of what he called a policy of "linkage" -- his threat that detente with the United States desired by both Moscow and Peking was out of the question without .parallel progress toward an 1 end of the war in Vietnam. That threat was pounded home by Dr. Henry Kissinger and other Nixon men on every conceivable occasion. Fear and famine In the Soviet Union, it coincided with frightening economic problems at home and a desire to liquidate the results of World War H in Europe. In China, it coincided with a cataclysmic struggle for power between a faction headed by Prime Minister Chou En-lai, wanting detente with the United States out of fear of Moscow, and a pro-Soviet military faction headed by Lin Piao. The quief pressure on beleaguered Hanoi to stop its military conquest of South Vietnam grew more insistent when the full impact of the' President's "Nixon Doctrine" reached the Communist capitals; The doctrine meant that Mr. Nixon accepted the theory of ideological competition with communism in Asia, Latin America and Africa, without American troops. Underwriting the doctrine is the pledge of the American nuclear umbrella and aid (military and economic) -but not U.S. troops. - . Moscow pressure There is no doubt that Moscow began to pressure Hanoi to end its invasion of South Vietnam in a fashion that must have infuriated the Hanoi politburo. : One example of this,.not published until now: The Russians denied. Hanoi all but the most primitive SAM-2 (surface-to-air) anti-aircraft missiles with an early-model C-band electronic aiming device. At the time, Moscow was sending Egypt highly-sophisticated S-band SAM-2s plus the advanced SAM-3 and SAM-6. While the President was building his political credibility with China and the Soviet Union, he was enforcing his military credi-: bility. with Hanoi --. first in Cambodia and Laos, later by. mining the ports of North Vietnam. Acceptance of these military offensives by Moscow and Poking dramatized Hanoi's isolation. ; B-52 terror The breakdown of negotiations in December further reinforced Mr. Nixon's credibility. To universal worldwide condemnation, he unleashed his terrifying B-52 bombing of Hanoi , and Hai/ phong. Again, Peking and Mos/ cow stayed quiet. All this had its risks, but the contrast of the overall strategy to the Johnson Administration's handling' of the war as an isolated event was complete. At minimum, it has produced a cease-fire with gains that Sen. George McGovern and the inflexible doves always thought impossible: release of American 'POWs with no restraints on'U.S. economic aid to Saigon, with no imposition of a coatition government and with.President Thieu still standing. Whatever comes next, that is no small victory. CoDvrtoht 1973 Columns regularly appearing on this page include those of Evans and Novak.. .Richard Salvatierra . . . Sandra Haggerty . . . Jim Fiebig . . . Dick West. . . Robert E. Holt . . . G. Donald Kucera. Ann Landers If marriage dead, might as well bury it AH letters bearing writer's trne name and address will be considered for publication. The editors reserve th* right to edit fetters in the interest of elaritr and brevity. Dear Ann Landers: My closest friend is fighting a divorce. I know from experience ;the only winners in cases like these are the lawyers. ' How I wish when I was in her spot that someone had given me some practical advice. I listened to my relatives instead. They kept saying, "Hang on. Don't let the dirty rat go." All they were interested in was seeing to it that the guy was "punished · properly." The way the laws are changing it won't be long before anyone who wants a divorce will be able to get it--- which I believe ' makes sense. In California all an ^unhappily married person need say is, "There are irreconcilable differences." How much better this is than the old New York law that granted a divorce for one reason only -- adultery. That New York law made liars out of thousands of people because it was the only way they could get out of a miserable marriage. Nothing is so self-defeating or so degrading as hanging on to a man who doesn't want you. No marriage is worth a darn unless both people value it and will work at it. By the time the judge gets into the act, it's beyond saving. And so is your face, dear lady, so let the man go, maintain your dignity and make a new life for yourself. I did and I'm content for the first time in years. -MY HEAD IS HIGH IN DENVER Dear Head: Circumstances alter cases and no two are exactly the same. Generally speaking, I am inclined to agree with you. Tf a marriage is dead, you might as well bury it. o Dear Ann Landers: Here's the situation and it's a mess. A 16- year-old boy ran away from home five months ago. He was gone for three months and made no effort to communicate with his parents. They nearly went out of their minds. When he returned lie acted as if he had done nothing wrong. He couldn't understand why they were so upset. While he was away he had lived in a commune in Chicago with a bunch of hippie dropouts. The boy has settled down somewhat since his return. He's in school now and doing fairly well. He takes an occasional trip to Chicago and returns bedraggled and disoriented. He says he is in love with a 26-year-old divorced alcoholic and he must make these trips to see her. He claims he is helping her "get her head together." Recently his parents laid clown the law. No more trips to Chicago. He wants to make this deal: He will give up his buddies, remain in school and get a part-time job. But he refuses to give up the girl. What are the parents' legal responsibilities? The boy insists the law says they must support him until he is 18. Is this true? Are parents obligated by law to support a kid who is defiant and refuses to do as they say? Advise, please. -- A FRIEND Dear Friend: A 16-year-old boy who takes up with an alcoholic girl 10 years his senior is in need of psychiatric counseling. This is what the parents should be thinking about rather than how legally to escape supporting their son. Since you did ask the question, however, I will answer it. Yes, there are some legal steps the parents can take, but I don't give that kind of advice. They should see a lawyer. o Confidential to Should I Do It And Hope For The Best: No! If you get caught the price will be enormous. Moreover, the guilt would turn you into a nervous wreck. Forget it! o Discover how to be date bait without falling hook, line and sinker. Ann Landers' booklet, "Dating Do's And Don'ts," will help you be more poised and sure of yourself on dates. Send 35 cents in coin along with a long, stamped, self-addressed envelope and your request to Ann Landers, Tucson Daily Citizen, P.O. Box 5027, Tucson. Ariz., 85703. Copyright V*»

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