Jiortljtocst What Hath Technology Wrought? The Public Merest Is The First Concern of This Newspaper State Of Affairs Who'll Stop Strike? 4 0 Tuesday, February 20, 1973 New Neighbors Congratulations are in order for Armstrong Brothers Tool Co., of Chicago, for its decision in locating a new manufacturing plant in Fayetteville's Industrial Park. We believe the Armstrong people could not have made a better choice. Congratulations are also in order for those residents of the community who have been at some pains in recent weeks to put their best collective foot forward for the visitors in order to show just how fine and advantageous a place Fayetteville really can be. The company, we understand, investigated several dozen sites in eight states before settling on Fayetteville. Company spokesmen add that Fayetteville's "livability" ranks as one key factor in the final decision. We are proud that Armstrong finds us this way; and we are filled with confidence that the new firm will make a valuable new resident for the city. In order to recognize the importance of "livability," the firm obviously is more than casually aware of the importance of keeping it that way. In thinking back, it has been quite a long time since the last individual plant located here. Slow, but measured growth is becoming a more fashionable objective than it once was, fortunately, and we incline to the notion that-this very fact is very much part of our "livability" package, too. Heave To The City's Urban Renewal project is in Jeopardy, a HUD official says. A lack of accomplishment, city officials are advised, could lower the city's priority ranking for the state's diminishing funds. In other words, Unless things get to cracking, the whole deal may be off. For the better part of a decade Fayetteville has been dragging its feet on Urban Renewal, for one reason or another. A lack of unanimity among property owners, to say nothing of city officials and community leaders, as to renewal goals has been one obstacle. City leadership, confronted with a variety of other issues, has also managed to be diverted too frequently from the sort of concentrated attention the project needs. Mostly, though, it seems to be the nature of the beast that it goes little faster than its Â· "clients" feel the need. In other words, where property owners are less than totally dedicated to the total program, snarls ensue. Things have come down to the crunch, however, and HUD says shape up, or give up. We confess to lingering doubts as to a variety of the concepts being advocated for the city's downtown "renewal." That, however, isn't what the HUD man is talking about. He complains about an overall failure to get on with whatever-it? is that if. to^be.itione . . . and this includes drainage and street improvements, as well as elimination of substandard residential and business buildings. Too much time has been invested, it seems to us, and too much of value is at stake to be diverted at this stage of the affair by arguments over the old Post Office building, or the aesthetics of sidevyalk canopies. Such battles can be fought aside from the city's central need to proceed with the project while funds remain for its implementation. Otherwise, the city will wind up minus a splendid, rehabilitative investment for the future. The long-term FUNCTION of the city's Square will be shaped, very surely, by the FORM these present Urban Renewal efforts take. It bears close attention. Inaugural ' Broadcasters and publishers throughout t h e country are being asked by the 1973 Presidential Inauguration Committee for free time and space to promote the sale of commemorative medals a n d other memorabilia. In our view, this is regrettable. It is one thing to seek support for public information needs -- stop forest fires, curb drug abuse, etc. -- but quite another to promote the sale of goods and services which, whatever the public overtones, accrue to the profit of private entrepreneurs. A n d that seems to be what is happening, at least in part, with some of the items which the inaugural committee hopes to promote with contributed time and space. Franklin Mint, for example, which supplies the silver commemorative medals promoted in some of the public service ads, has already contributed $1,000,000 to the committee. Presumably it expects that these public service ads are going to sell a substantial number of medals. It should be understood that the inauguration itself is financed from appropriated public funds, as it should be. The profit from the sale of the memorabilia is to be used to help meet a $4,000,000 budget for parades and social events. The sale of these materials is a sensible way of raising money for what are essentially quasi-public events, and we are confident there is a large market for the meaningful and attractive items the committee is offering. At the same time, we feel any organization -- government or otherwise -- which offers merchandise for sale ought to pay for the advertising, just as it pays for materials, salaries and other services, -- Advertising Age Arkansas 212 N. East Ave., FayetteTlUe. Arkansas 72701 Phone 442-6242 Published every afternoon except Sunday, New Year's Day, Fourth of July, Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day. Founded June 14, I860 Second Class Postage Paid at Fayetteville. Arkansas ~ MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the ase for republicatlon of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also the local news published herein. All rights of republication of special dispatches herein are also reserved. ^ " S U B S C R I P T I O N RATES ' Per Month (by carrier) $2.49 Mall rates in Washington, Benton, Madison counties Ark. and Adair County, Okla. 3 months *8.00 6 months JJJ-JJ 1 YEAR K"i #0.00 Cltjr Box Section ............i Â·Â·Â·* The Story Behind The Dollar Dip By ART BUCHWALD WASHINGTON -- "All right, students. let's have a little quiet in the classroom. Today we will discuss the American dollar and what has happened to it within the last week. Are there any questions?" "What caused people abroad to lose faith in the American dollar?" "There are many theories. One is that the Italian lira was in trouble so Italians sold their lira and bought dollars with them. Then they took the dollars to Switzerland and sold them for Swiss francs. The Swiss bankers were very perplexed about this, so they notified their Arab sheik oil clients that the Italians thought the dollars was in trouble. "The Arab sheiks sold their dollars for German marks. Israeli intelligence picked this up and Israel started buying gold. "Multinational companies such as ITT, General Motors and General Eelectirc got wind of what the Israelis were up to and started dumping their dollars on the market in exchange for British pounds. GET SOME YEN "The British, who couldn't understand why anyone would want British pounds, sold .their dollars for French francs. The French, suspecting a trick, started buying Japanese yen. "In order to keep their OWN money from being raised, the Germans and the Japanese had to keep buying American dollars. "The situation got so serious that Germany and Japan told the United States that unless it did something about the dollar, they would both go to war with America again--and lose. "This would be too much for the United States to take, so the President decided on a 10 per cent devaluation of the dollar. Are there any other questions?" "What is the advantage of devaluing the dollar?" "We can sell our goods abroad which will cut'down our balance-of-payments deficit. If our things are 10 per cent cheaper, foreign people will buy them. At the same time, it will cost 10 per cent more to buy things from abroad which will discourage Americans from purchasing imported items," "But if we stop buying things from countries abroad, why will they buy anything from us?" Â· "That's a good question. Next?" "Will the lack of confidence in the dollar have any effect on the American tourist?" COULD STARVE "Quite a bit. One day, if the dollar is doing well, you may be able to buy a bowl of soup. But if the dollar is doing badly, it's quite possible you may starve to death. I'd advise all tourists to carry a bag of diamonds with them, just in case no one abroad will cash their dollars." "Why do Administration officials say that the devaluation of the dollar is a good thing?" "What would you say if YOU had to break the news to the American people?" "Is the American dollar the weakest currency in the world?" "No. It is still stronger than the Albanian iek, the Ceylonese rupee, the Burmese kyat, the Cambodian riel, the Tibetan sang, the Honduran lenipira, the Iraqui dinar and the Laotian kip." "When will the American dollar become strong again?" "As soon as Germany and Japan (Hal) win (unital) a war." ,, (C) 1913, Los Angeles Times By H. B. Dean Bible Verse The Washington Merry-Gp-Round Ma Bell Offended By Green Beret Kiss By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- Sheepish e x e c u t i v e s of American Telephone and Telegraph would rather not talk about the KISS incident. But for several frantic hours last October, they thought their vital transcontinental m i c r o w a v e station outside Flagstaff, Ariz., was going to receive an explosive kiss. A communications craftsman discovered five mysterious notes, signed KISS, indicating that bombs had been planted to blow up the station. The notes were found in strategic locations inside the sensitive installation. In a panic, he turned in an alarm and ran for cover. Faster than you can say boom, teiepnone security men were alerted, the- county sheriff was summoned and the FBI was called to the rescue. The alarm was also flashed over the Bell system all the way to New York City. This threw Ma Bell into a dither and telephone men began scurrying. About this time, the sheriff remembered that a Green Beret unit had been operating in the area, testing security. A call to the unit commander, Col. W. H. Smith, established that the notes had been left not by a mad bomber ' calling himself KISS but by Special Forces team KI55. The commandos h a d crept into the microwave station the previous night and had left the notes where dynamite m i g h t have been planted. The exercise proved, as the enterprising colonel suspected, that the m i c r o w a v e system is dangerously vulnerable. Among other things, this carries the circuit that Washington uses to keep in voice contact w i t h military installations throughout the country. But Bell's district manager, D. J. Lyons, was m o r e indignant over the prank the Green Berets had played on him than he was concerned about the poor security. He sent a b r i s t l i n g letter demanding . reparations. "It is estimated," he wrote, "that the following costs w e r e incurred as a direct result of this unannounced intrusion of our property: Craft wages, $132; immediate supervisor direct involvement, $66; other Long Lines management directly involved in obtaining status and passing information to those people having a need to know, $150; and Mountain Bell Security office, $75." There was one other thing; he also wanted to be "notified before any military unit enters our property in the future." This is a formality, of course, Today In History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Tuesday, Feb. 20, the 51st day of 1973. There are 314 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1792, President George Washington signed an act creating the U.S. Post Office system. On this date: "In 1809, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the power of the federal government is greater than that of any individual state. In 1895. a revolt against the Spanish broke out in Cuba. In 1938, Anthony Eden resigned as British foreign secretary, charging Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain with a policy of appeasement in regard to Nazi Germany. In 1942, during the Pacific war, the Japanese invaded the island of Abli, in the Dutch East Indies. . In 1962, Astronaut John Glenn Jr. became the first American to orbit the earth in space. Ten years ago: President John F. Kennedy ordered U.S. armed forces to take all necessary action to prevent a repetition of a Cuban plane's rocket firing near an American shrimp boat. Five years ago: There was fierce fighting in the Citadel at Hue. South Vietnam, as the battle for the city went into its fourth week. One year ago: President Nixon arrived in Peking for a historic meeting with officials of Communist China. Today's birthdays: Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin is 69. Indonesian President Suharto is 52. Attorney Hoy Colin is 46. Thought for today: Everybody thinks o( changing humanity, and nobody thinks of changing himself -- Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist, 18281910. that a real sabotage crew might overlook. THAI CONNECTION A report now in preparation will charge that the United States isn't really trying to cut off drug smuggling from Thailand, because Thai leaders are too deeply implicated and might retaliate by closing U.S. military bases. The report will be submitted to the House Foreign Affairs Committee by Rep. Lester Wolff, D-N.Y., who has been investigating the drug problem in Southeast Asia. He came back from an inspection tour last year to report that some top Thai officials were operating a fleet of trawlers, which was moving tons upon tons of opium to Hong Kong for shipment to American addicts. He is now back from another tour of Southeast Asia, where he found the Thai smuggling operation relatively unchanged. The Thai opium, he will charge, is handled by dealers who are virtually immune from legal interference. They include some of the most powerful men in the country, whpm the United States doesn't wish to offend. He also has proof, he will say, that illegal drug labs are still operating in Thailand, despite State Department denials. 'His report will also be critical of the government's strategy of buying up opium crops. The practice does little to stop drug smuggling and is excessively expensive,, he will charge. The report will claim that most of the money allocated for the war on drugs has gone into cutting off the Turkish opium supply, with little left to fight smuggling in other areas. Meanwhile, the "Thai Connection" blossoms like a poppy in the sun. Wolff will point out, for instance, that the United States spends millions to keep 45,000 military men in Thailand but can't scrape up enough money to keep more than 35 narcotics agents to protect the nation against Asian drug smugglers. Finally,, the report will recommend that American aid to Thailand be shut off unless t,he country cooperates in smashing the drug smugglers. (C) 1973, by UNITED Features By CLAYTON FR1TCHEY WASHINGTON -- The President's election year deal with George Meany, head of the AFL-CIO, and Frank Filz- simmons, boss of the Teamsters Union, which resulted in the Administration ditching its bill to prevent critical transportation strikes, is on the way to exacting a heavy price from the public. H a v i n g abandoned us proposed new weapon of compulsory arbitration, just as the legislation was on the verge of passing the Senate last year, the Administration now finds itself without adequate means to forestall railroad strikes which are only temporarily in a state of brief suspension. A c t i n g once again in emergency session, Congress at the last minute halted the shutdown bf the Penn Central, the nation's largest rail system, for 90 days. In the process, it also ordered the Administration to draw up within six weeks a plan "for the preservation of essential rail transportation services." Although two of those weeks have already elapsed, there seems to be nothing more on the drawing board. It is obvious that railroad service cannot be "preserved" without a formula for peaceably settling the labor disputes. It appeared that Mr. Nixon had f o u n d a responsible and promising way of preventing big transportation strikes through the application of a novel, modified form of compulsory arbitration. But now that it has been sidetracked, the Administration seems to be without an effective alternative. FED UP Congress is rightly fed up with being constantly forced into the awkward and unsuitable role of emergency arbitrator. In the last 10 years. Congress has had to intervene in six transportation strikes -five of them rail walkouts and one a longshoremen's strike. None of the recent White House occupants, Democrats or Republicans, has come to grips with the problem, but Congress' own record is nothing to cheer about. It alternates between indifference when there is no crisis, and slapdash patchwork measures when there is one. So the country keeps on staggering from one emergency to another in the transportation field. It appeared for a time that f o r m e r President Lyndon Johnson would do something. Spurred by a public reaction against airline strikes, Mr. Johnson in a State of the Union message said. "I intend to ask Congress to consider measures which. . .will enable us to ef- Copernicus' Birthday feclivcly deal with strikes which threaten irreparable damage to the national interest." It sounded encouraging, but Mr. Johnson left office without ever sending Congress a reform measure. Like many Presidents before him, Mr. Johnson ran, into heavy flak from big labor. George Meany has repeatedly said. "The AFL-CIO is opposed to compulsory arbitration in any form, at any time... We'll never buy it." Despite this, however, Mr. Nixon plunged in where many of his predecessors had feared to tread. Early in his first term, the President sent Congress a specific plan (involving compulsory arbitration as a last resort) to prevent strikes ..not only on railroads but in the airline, maritime, longshore and trucking industries as well. MUST FACE IT Last year, in his third message to Congress imploring it to approve his bill, the President said, "I believe we must face up to this problem... before events overtake us, and while reasoned consideration is still possible." . Congress was impressed. The legislation was imaginative and constructive. It offered a fresh approach. Sen. Robert Packwood, R-Ore. manager of the Administration bill, appeared to have the votes for it. but as he was about to call it up, tha Administration walked out on it. That was the day the Teamsters, deeply involved in trans- p o r t a t i o n . announced their support for the President's reelection. At about the same time, the AFL-CIO executive committee rejected Sen. George McGovern. When he introduced his bill, the President called it the "crippling strikes prevention act." His then secretary of labor. James Hodgson, backed it to the hilt, saying: "Inter- statewide strikes have become something like an industrial H- bomb. I just wonder how long- the nation is going to tolerate this kind of bizarre brinksman- ship." He should have wondered how long his boss was going to tolerate it. Since Mr. Nixon's detente with big labor, Hodgson has been dismissed as labor secretary and supplanted by Peter Brennan. president of New York's Building Trades Council, which means the Administration has no intention of. reviving its strike-prevention plan. If anything is to be done before the Perm Central: deadline expires, it will have- to be done by Congress, independent of the White House. (C) 1973. Los Angeles Times Day The Earth Moved LONDON (ERR) -- The universe was a curious place before Nicolaus Copernicus: The earth stood still and around it revolved the sun, the planets, and all the stars. No one doubted that man lived at the center of creation. Feb. 19 marks the 500th anniversary of the birth of the Polish astronomer who challenged these ancient assumptions. Other leading astronomers of the time, such as Tycho Brahe, found it difficult to believe that the earth could move about the sun. "How could the fat and lazy earth be capable of motions ascribed to it by Copernicus?" Brahe asked. Bertrand Russell wrote in History of Western Philosophy (1945) that Copernicus' theory -- for which the astronomer offered no hard proof -- had a "revolutionary effect on the cosmic imagination." It was an era of great discovery in many fields. Copernicus was, 20 years old when Columbus discovered America, 25 when Vasco da Gama sailed around Africa to reach India, and 49 when Magellan's last ship returned from a voyage around the world, dispelling forever the notion that the earth was flat. they. led. The result was his study, titled On the Revolution': of the Heavenly Bodies. It. began b ypraising the "godlik* circular movements of the~ world, the course of the stars, their magnitudes, distances, risings and settings, and the causes of other celestial phenomena...." But it was not until March 1543 that this treatise -privately circulated for years in manuscript form -- appeared in Nuremberg. A copy reportedly reached the aged astronomer ai he lay on his deathbed. TODAY, COPERNICUS is hailed as a leading figure of the Renaissance. In addition to being an astronomer, he was a physician; a cartographer, and an expert on the circulation of money. He received most of his education in Italy, where he~ studied canon law. mathe- m a t i c s , medicine and m a t i c s , medicine and astronomy. The Ptolemaic doctrines of the day soon began to conflict with Copernicus' own observations. From 1513 to 1530, Copernicus compiled his findings and refined the theory toward which COPERNICUS' W O R K w a s dedicated to Pope Paul III (1534-1550), and at first it escaped pontifical condemnation. Protestant leaders, however, jumped on it immediately. John Calvin asked: "Who will venture to place the authority of Copernicus above that of the Holy Spirit?" Martin Luther thundered: "This fool will turn the art of astronomy upside down, but the Scripture shows and tells another lesson, where Joshua commanded the sun to stand still, and not the earth." Even after proof to the contrary by Galileo Galilei in 1616, the Vatic'Â« judged the views of Copernicus to be "foolish and absurd, philosophically false a n d formally heretical." Copernicus' book remained on the Papal Index of forbidden literature until 1835. By replacing the earth with the sun as the focus of the solar system, Copernicus laid tha foundations of modern science, Not only astronomy but physics and philosophy were transformed by the new order of ths universe. Half a Â· millenium later, it is beyond dispute that Copernicus speeded thp. transition from the religiosity of thÂ« Middle Ages to the rationalism of today. Â· "And he trembling and astonished said, Lord, what will thou have me to do? And the Lord said unto him. Arise, and go into the city, and it shall be told thee what thou must do." Acts 9:6 God has a. plan for every life and He often uses a set of circumstances and other people to make them plain. Many can testify to the fact that He has worked in strange ways to see them through, and yet we still work at a "do it yourself" plan trying to arrange things for ourselves. "Give up and let God take over." They'll Do It Every Time Â« How Time Flies THE HUMBLE HIPS GROUP'S SONGS DECK/CRASS MATERIALISM, AND STRESS LOVE AND CHARITY- BUT SET A LOAD OF HOW THEY DICKER FOR THE BIO BUCK IN THEIR BUSINESS DEALINGS"- TH E WAY Y7 TWELVE ^P7 AND A PIECE OP\ WERE YSRAND BEFOREy THE NOT.'.' AFTER BRAWNS, I THESHOV/Oftyl ALLWE'RE WE WANT ft WE DON'TGO TRIPLE.' /| VW"/ i "Again I say unto you, That if two of you shall agree on earth as touching any thing that they shall ask. it shall be done for them of my Father which is heaven." Matthew 18:19 God at His word. Do you have a situation that appears impossible and out, of reach? Find another Christian and agree together in the name of Jesus for the need to be met and then by faith praise God for it. Stand on His word, it will not go under. "Heaven and earth shall pass away but my word shkll not pass away. $HARE WITH YOU^ 'CAUSE RICH MEN DON'T KMO\V HAPPINESS LIKE A POORMAN DO * S AYE OR NAY MAN? ANOAtHMCB* LESTER HAPLOW SOtSCAPIM*/ AVE, SM4PIE60 / CAUF.Pt 10 YEARS AGO A proposal to reorganize the University student government was approved by the Student Senate last night, giving each organized house a senator. Polio vaccine clinics being set up throughout the county are the result of figures which show that the rate of paralytic polio 15 YEARS AGO A r k a n s a s Western Gas Company scervice crews qiuck- ]y made temporary repairs this morning to a break in the com: pany's transmission line between Fayetteville and Springdale. Members of the Washington County Hospital Auxiliary are 25 YEARS AGO Construction of a fine and applied arts building on th.e University of Arkansas campus has been sanctioned bj; the University Board of Trustees. Fayetteville's new fire sire, mounted atop the .Municipal Building will be sounded for the first time next week. It will bÂ« increased nine fold over tht ^past two years in Northwest 'Arkansas. Members of the Fayetteville Community Relations Council are meeting with theater operators to discuss compliant* of racial discrimination. passing out petitions seeking ah expansion of the hospital in order to provide better service. . Plans are being formulated in Siloam Springs to raise $65,000 to build a plant for an "unidentified, but substantial" new industry. used to summon volunteer firemen. More than half the meat handlers in Fayetteville have admitted the possession of adulterated hamburger meat, according to city and inspector*.
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