Paris shif * talk priority Htf-.m H. Kiidi', TV/n.'v ftftt/tl C. Cameron, Ctitfi.il .MÂ«jf--- I "Â·/',-; H. KiJJu. Cf-Fa'-lnhr F,-*jrJ I. K'Ma ]., Banifit MntJ[.r V"i!!u~ IT. Pr,n. r.:'. ; .". tiJ FJ;,- Â£j.-:Â» Win F. Si"-"'. /:Â·'Â·//.Â·: : ; . ! Â· Â· Â· Â· J.Vf/wv 'v'" ". ,M;v.;-'-.- l j . - - . . I. .1. (.V.iVi'r--. .V. /j.-.-. Â·;..-.' (. ..'.Â·.Â·Â·.Â·Â·:Â·Â· (Â·Â·"'Â·'?;'Â»/ Attrac. 6-2 LONG BEACH. CALIFORNIA, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 24. 1969 Time to take lougher line i^ with Peru IN A MODERN variation on dollar diplomacy, the United States has exercised remarkable restraint w i t h Peru, one (if the beneficiaries of its trade and foreign aid. Aside from some pained expressions and half-hearted warnings, the official Washington reaction to one Peruvian thrust aft r r a n o t h e r at U.S. t u n a boats has been nil. The United Stales trod softly because of two considerations which outwciglitcd t u n a interests -- U.S. oil concessions in Peru and the nation's posture toward all its smaller neighbors to the South. Three recent events have changed that picture. A MILITARY JUNTA headed by Gen. Juan Velasco Alvarado, seized power from the constitutionally elected government headed by Fernando Belaunde Terry. Shortly after the U.S. recognized the junta, the new government seized $200 million worth of oil properties practically eliminating hopes that the American owner could renew its concession. That was followed by the mid-February attacks by a Peruvian gunboat on San Diego-based tuna trawlers. One vessel was damaged and another held captive temporarily. Three others also were attacked while 25 to 30 miles off the Peruvian coastline. The time for a tougher line has come. The Soviet Union and other powerful nations recognize t h e 12 mile offshore l i m i t , as dors the U n i i c d States in re s t r i d i n g the- range of fishing ves sols. Yet California t u n a boats are machine-gunned and boarded while on the high seas. By their own f i a t , Peru and six other countries claim everything w i t h i n 200 miles of the coastline. Support of Peru's position ap pears to extend throughout Latin America. Peru has put out feelers indicating the 200-mile limit issue might he considered within the framework of a m u l t i - n a t i o n con lerenee. The invitation should be explored, but if is d i f f i c u l t if not impossible to setllc the series of disagreements between the two countries on a piecemeal basis. Kach bears a relationship to I h n next. TOR ITS PART, the United States must insist on a fishing agreement which will preserve freedom of the seas, and on reasonable and just compensation for the owner of expropriated oil properties. These are more negotiable if the United States is prepared to make considerable overall adjustments in its economic and trade relationships with Peru and other Latin American countries. While the stage is being set for such talks, the United States must resist the temptation of gunboat diplomacy and economic sanctions. Resort to these means could lead to serious deterioration in the complicated set of relationships in all Latin America. New York Times Service WASHINGTON -- President Nixon was prepared for rowdy demonstrations in Europe, but be didn't quite expect to find the leaders of the French and British governments throwing chairs at each other offstage just as he was taking the European spotlight. Paris and London have obviously misjudged the new American President. He has been formed by the political conflicts of his own times. He reached the pinnacle of American politics as a symbol of nationalism and anti-communism, and he decided to go to Europe in his first dramatic gesture for several reasons. He won the Presidency by a very narrow margin. He needs to expand his popular support and establish himself as the chief magistrate of the nation. At home, his policies may divide the people, bin abroad the people support him. Nixon's new envoy raises British brows WASHINGTON -- President N i x on arrives in London today just a f l o r s t a n d i n g British diplomacy on i t s ear with the appointment of Walter I I . Annenberg of Philadelphia, king of racing news, lo the coveted posi of ambassador to the Court of St. James. Annenhcrg. who owns a largo publishing, radio and TV conglomer- Vote should go to more of our youth CALIFORNIA'S Constitution Revision Commission has voted to propose lowering the voting age to 19, as an issue apart from the next package of changes lo be submitted to the Legislature. The commission's ambivalence on this question reflects a conflict common to many adults. First the group approved an 18- year limit, then reconsidered and endorsed the 19-year rule by a split vote. Separating this one issue from all the others was the commissioner's way of recognizing the generation gap. Resentment against the young is so strong that the whole package might otherwise have been jeopardized. IN OUR VIEW, the advisory panel was right on the main point, that of extending the franchise to more young people. An entire age group should not suffer discrimination because of the misconduct of relatively few on the campuses. President Nixon favors a nationwide voting age of 18, as he declared both before and after taking office. He describes the younger generation as the most sophisticated, politically, in history. Unlike Vice President Agnew, Mr. Nixon docs not look upon the right to vote as an inducement for young people to give up rioting and behave more in the fashion of their elders. Neither the franchise nor anything else will tranquilize the hard core of anarchists and Maoist revolutionaries. Lowering the voting age docs give the young a slightly earlier start toward legitimately i n f l u - encing their own destiny. Whether the elders like it or not, the average age of the population is g u t t i n g younger. It was 2S in niid Ulb'5, by Census Bu reau report, and is expected to drop below 25 by t h e year 2015. FROM AN advanced age of 36, Sen. Robert Packwood, R-Ore., asserts that despite the frustrations of youth, "there still are opportunities to rise to the top in politics very quickly." Such opportunities should be fortified by a more representative voting system. The older generation has its frustrations, loo, but it should not add to them -- as too many seem disposed to do -- by arbitrary a t t e m p t s to hold back the wave of the f u t u r e . TOWN MEETING Teachers, unification EDITOR: Tuesday there is going to be an election which will d e t e r m i n e the fut u r e of Lo, A l a m i t o s school children. Some people w a n t lo breai: awjy from t h e Anaheim School Dist r i c t . I predict t h a t if t h i s happens, this new district will soon lose its drive, slow down ind l i t e r a l l y fade i n l o a twilight corner of m a l n u t r i - tion, throttled imagination, and pat-helically bleak promises. There are two major questions t h a t must be answered by residents. Fiii.t, can you afford lo support your own school district? Second, what kind of ail education will your children receive? The backbone of every successful business is its experienced personnel. Each teacher at Los Akunitos High School was asked the q u e s t i o n , "If t h i s school were to r e d i s t r i c t in Ihe upcoming election, would you i c l u r n lo Anaheim, would you remain, or are you undecided'.'" Of Ihe 77 teachers and counselors ill the school, 2!) would r e t u r n and I I were undecided. Of t h e .13 teachers with tenure, 17 would return and seven were undecided. Los Alamitos DENNIS A. FITZPATRICh" Beyond that, he believes in the western alliance more than most leading American politicians. He has seen the cold war almost in religious terms -- as the civilization of the West versus the new theology of the communist East, and there- JAMES RESTON fore, be decided to go to Europe lo establish himself as a world figure, to dramatize his faith, and hopefully, to demonstrate that there was a common bond in the West before he t.ilked Hi \\v. Soviets about strategic m i l i t a r v weapons and the tangles of l l n - Middle East. N I I m a t t e r \vlial lias ""i"' be- fore, new American presidents tend to believe they can somehow succeed where their predecessors have failed, and Nixon is no different. President Johnson had minimized Europe, so he. Nixon, would emphasize it. And by emphasizing Europe and its historical ties to the New World, he thought lie would be ready to talk to the Russians. So Nixon planned his trip to Europe very carefully -- first Brussels, headquarters of the Common Market of Europe and the North Atlantic Alliance; then London, and thence back to Europe and the Vatican and finally to France. The new President was in the White House explaining all this to the reporters when the British and French started squabbling in public about Nixon's visit and the f u t u r e of Europe. The effect on the White House hero has been very interesling. N i x on and his aides have come to be- DREW PEARSON ate, including the Philadelphia Inquirer, has been a loyal and generous supporter of Richard Nixon. The British understand this phase of American politics. WHAT HAS flabbergasted them, however, is Annenbcrg's background. Not only is he divorced, and the Court of St. James frowns at divorce, but the Annenberg fortune was b u i l t up by Chicago gang warfare, and Walter's father, Moses Annenberg, was sentenced to four years for evading $3,259,000 in income taxes. At that time, 1939, federal officials said that the elder Annenberg's personal income was the largest in the United States. He was reported to have paid, according to J. David Stern, former publisher of the Philadelphia Record, $1 million a year to AJ Capbne, czar of the Chicago underworld, to protect his racing wire which distributed race news to gambling houses and bookies throughout the nation. The new ambassador to the Court of St. James was also indicted in 1939 for "aiding and abetting" his father, but the indictment was quashed in 1942. The gang warfare which founded the Annenberg fortune and accumulated Hie wherewithal to purchase (In; Philadelphia Inquirer, started with a circulation battle between the Chicago Tribune and the Hearst newspapers, both extremely anti-British. Moe Annenberg was circulation manager for Hearst. Five or six men were killed in that circulation battle and gang warfare in Chicago lias continued ever since. THE SINS OF the f a t h e r should not be visited upon the son. Nevertheless, diplomacy being what it is. Great B r i t a i n , and especially court society where Waller Annenberg w i l l serve, have been gobbling up details of the. new ambassador's background. They wonder w h e t h e r President Nixon is r e t a l i a t i n g against Prime Minister Wilson for the appointment of John Freeman, a bitter Nixon critic, as the new British ambassador to Washington. As former editor of the New Statesman, Freeman repeatedly attacked Nixon as a "man of no principle" who "dirtied his hands in Joe McCarthy's cesspool" and whose defeat for the California governorship m I9ia was "a victory for decency in public life." Far more i m p o r t a n t , however, is publisher Annenbcig's crusade against On. de Gaulle which has raised B r i t i s h eyebrows and caused B r i t i s h chuckles. President. Nixon's m a i n reason for coming to Europe one m o n t h a f t e r assuming office is to patch up relations with DC Gaulle. Yet his new ambassador to Great Britain has not. only been highly critical of Ue Gaulle in his Philadelphia newspapers, but purchased advertising space in Canadian, London and Brussels newpapers lo reprint these critical editorials. AS FOR Ambas.-,ador Annenberg's own record, he is M i l l the publisher of the Daily Racing Form and tin: Morning Telegraph, w i t h o u t which m i l l i o n s of American racing fans could h a r d l y exist. He also owns the Philadelphia Daily News, TV Guide and a long list of TV and radio stations in Philadelphia, Altoona and Lancaster, all in Pennsylvania; Bingliamton, N.Y.; Hartford, Conn.; and Fresno, Calif. "Jl lull's a jc.iv billion, more or /ess, lo l;ecp you dry?' lieve that General De Gaulle leaves very little to accident. So they have concluded that he chose to pick a fight with Ihe British just before Nixon arrived in Europe, and that has had quite an effect on the White House and the Stale Department in Washington. For they were hoping that a new administration might produce a new spirit of unity in Western Europe, and now they are confronted with an open clash between the British and French governments. THE FIRST reaction here was irritation with De Gaulle. Nixon admires him and therefore he lias to wonder why the French President suggested to the British ambassador in Paris a transformation of the European Common Market and the North A t l a n t i c Alliance precisely on ibe eve of a visit by the American President. The W h i l e House is equally irritated with the British for dramatizing the conflict between Paris and London -- and the effect of ibis public squabble in Europe has been extremely important here in Washington. It has made officials here wonder whether they should not give priori- I V to reaching an understanding with the Russians rather than trying to untangle the problems of the European allies. Nixon will undoubtedly express his respects for Ihe European t.radi- l i o n (if the past and bis hopes for a n American p a r t n e r s h i p with K u rope in the f u t u r e , bul he has t h i e e i m m e d i a t e and c r i t i c a l problems which depend more on Moscow than on Paris, London and the other European capitals. THESE THREE problems arc Ihe control of military arms, the Middle Fast crisis between the Israelis and the Arabs, and the ending of HIP Vietnam war. Europe should not be deceived by Nixon's visit to the Old World. He would like to believe in a western u n i t y t h a t would enable him lo negotiate with Ihe Russians from a strong, u n i f i e d Atlantic base. Nixon was fascinated by De ( i a u l l e and by the British t r a d i t i o n , and, being new in the job, hoped lo talk things over when he got to Europe and make a wholly new beginning. But this vicious public row between Paris and London has changed the atmosphere. Some things Nixon won't do Register and Tribune Service WASHINGTON. D.C. -- A rather impressive list has accumulated of t h i n g s t h a i are not going to be done in t h e N i x o n administration. The Office of Economic Opportunity (poverty program) is not lo be abolished. The 10 per cent income s u r t a x is nut to be dropped. The Johnson budget is not to be cut substantially. Southern public schools are not to be permitted to squirm out of ending segregation through freedom of choice plans. A significant rise in Ihe rate of u n e m p l o y m e n t is nol to be encouraged ns o c o n c o m m i i a n t of arresting inflation. Consumer-protection activities are not to be abandoned. The "security gap" in national defense is not found to be as wide as it appeared last October. If such policy decisions seem at variance w i t h Nixon's stance in the presidential campaign, it is because so m a n v people had formed a d i f f e r - ent idea (if what t i n 1 N i x o n a d m i n i s - t r a t i o n would be like. WHAT SEEMS to have happened is t h a t niic cabinet member a f t e r a n - ollvr has gotten i n l o the operating procedures and policies of his de- p a r t m e n t to f i n d t h a i old procedures and policies were not as bnd as they appeared, or, if f a u l t y , could not be quickly changed. Thus the Office of Economy Opportunity continues on. The Presi- ' dent's Council of Economic Advisers finds little to fault, in t h e Johnson a d m i n i s t r a t i o n ' s assessment of t h e economic f u t u r e . The ten per cent s u r t a x looks better and better as the N i x o n experts f i n d fewer and fewer workable ways of cutting Johnson's o u t l i n e of pro- RICHARD WILSON spective government expenditures throughout the first year and a half of Ihe Nixon administration. Talk during the campaign of accepting a higher unemployment rate has tapered off to the assurance given Congress by economic adviser Paul W. McCracken that i n f l a t i o n could be held in check while keeping unemployment at a rate at or below 4 per cent. This is no d i f f e r - ent t h a n the Juhnson economic as- scssmenl. IF THERE is lo he no s i g n i f i c a n ! change in b u d g e t a r y policy, no sign i f i c a n t change in tax policy, no sign i f i c a n i change in social policy, no significant change in economic poli- during the campaign can be classified as the usual political bombast. But. it is instructive never-the-less to look back at a couple of examples of what Nixon promised to do, and which he may yet do. On crime and law and order b r promised: i m m e d i a t e c r e a t i o n of .1 national academy ef law enforce- m e n t , c r e a t i o n of ,1 cabinet-level c o u n c i l , which he called the n a t i o n a l law enforcement council, a series of n a t i o n - w i d e l o w n - h a l l conferences on crime prevention and control and the establishment of what he called a national coordinating center lo marshal Ihe efforts of independent groups and i n s t i t u t i o n s . This is yet to be done. To youth. Nixon promised w h a t he called a youth service council, w i t h four sections, including a "young people's o m b u d s m a n " where y o u t h could t u r n "for cooperation all t h r o u g h Ihe federal government." IN THE FIELD of education he declared he would create a "national institute for the educational future," a national teachers corps, a student teachers corps. These are mere samples of the dozens of "action lines" Nixon proposed to follow, and so it mtisl bo concluded l l i a l t h e r e is much yet lo come in his a d m i n i s t r a t i o n in vir- t u a l l y every field of a c t i v i t y . N i x o n w a s q u i t e right i n i n s i s t i n g ( l u r i n g i h c campaign I h a l n o c a i u h d a l c before him had ever dealt, s e x p l i c i t l y w i t h so many issues. A p u b l i c impression t o t h e c o n t r a ] y was encouraged by the fact I hat these policy o u t l i n e s were o f l e n made in regional broadcasts which were sometimes submerged in UIG news by Nixon's appearances before public crowds. SIDEWALK SENATE JAMES II. KALE, retired. Long Beach: I do. I t h i n k we come back as something, but I don't know what. If I come back, I want to come back as a big redwood tree so I can live 2,000 years. IRENE KALE, housewife, Long Beach: I believe the same. I'm going Â· to come back as a flower, because flowers are beautiful and give peo- . pie something to t h i n k about. E. 0, PETERSON, investments, Long Beach: I really don't. It's good to believe in something; I just don't believe in t h a i . no you believe in reincarnation? (Asked lit Sixth Street nml Long Beach Boulevard.) JOHN OKAVEC', MoiHl's .unbul ance driver, long Bench: I d o n ' t . I believe Ihcn- ir, ;i h i e ,i||ei d r a l h . hut 1101 here. RONALD CROWNS, as.siMani manager, Long Beach: Yes, I do. I really do. I believe in flying saucers and things like t h a t . They haven't ever proved reincarnation, but they haven't proved ii can't happen, either. SI ranger lliings have happened. JOHN DAVIS, driver. Lou;.; Beach: Yes, I believe in il. I want lo coinn back as a bird, because I have a liking for parakeets.
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