Independent Press-Telegram from Long Beach, California on July 9, 1961 · Page 12
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Independent Press-Telegram from Long Beach, California · Page 12

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Long Beach, California
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Sunday, July 9, 1961
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Page 12
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B-2--INDEPENDENT-PRESS-TELEGRAM Lcng Bt*CX ClLll. f Surlily. Jul : ' Ji 1M1 EDITORIAL Survival Versus Right to Know FOLLOWING THE FIASCO of the Cuban freedom fighters, whose plans were public knowledge before they hit the beach in the Bay of Pigs, we suggested editorially that the American press should undertake a program of self-censorship such as that which proved necessary and effective in World War II. We considered--and we consider--that proposal justified by the fact that the United States is engaged in a cold war whose stakes are as high as those of any hot war this nation ever fought. President Kennedy felt the same way, for a few days later he suggested some form of self-censorship to the press. His suggestion received a generally cool reception, the reaction ranging from James Reston's restrained appeal for "discretion" to Westbrook Pegler's choleric observation that "with all the spies there have been in our government since Roosevelt moved in in 1933, the odds are that Moscow had (the inside story) long before I got it." * * * THE DEBATE CONTINUES. A dispassionate exploration of the issue by Theodore F. Koop, Washington vice president of the Columbia Broadcasting System, appears in the July bulletin of the American Society of Newspaper Editors. Koop notes that two main arguments can be advanced against the proposal: 1. Most of the stories which have worried the government appear to have been deliberate leaks by government officials. 2. The value of self-censorship here is questionable as long as the international channels of information remain open. The answers to these arguments are: 1. Indiscretion does not justify further indiscretion. 2. Foreign agents can't pick up information as readily as American newsmen can; in any event, why make the enemy's job any easier for him? The plans for the Normandy invasion and the story of the development of the atomic bomb were kept secret by a responsible and patriotic press in World War II. Even today, few newspapermen would claim that those stories should have been published. In matters of national security, sometimes, the public's right to survive outweighs the public's right to know. MANY PERSONS DO NOT REALIZE that the British press has had a workable system of voluntary censorship for many years. The program derives its strength, in the words of William Hardcastle, editor of the London Daily Mail, "from the British editors' own conviction that, especially in the present state of world affairs, certain items and areas of information must be withheld from publication in the interest of national welfare and security." It seems to us contradictory that American editors resist that viewpoint while editorially describing the present era of world conflict as one of the most critical in the history of the republic. CAPITAL CAPERS Cuts Due in Latin Stopping for Gas--Arab Style BOB HOUSER Heavy, Heavy Jesse ML Unruh Hangs Over Republican Head BIG DADDY Jesse Unruh said it's his physical heft and not bludgeon or blackjack which saddled him with the Big D reputation among California's Democratic politicians. The Los Angeles Assemblyman unloaded his big chest Friday on Paul Coates' Channel 11 show. It will be repeated at 2 p.m. Monday. Unruh, who weighs 20 stone if he weighs a gram, charged that the Time Magazine profile which characterized him as the leader of a Praetorian Guard who snake-whipped state legislators to his point of view is ruh's political might at least twice In the coming week. Former Vice President Richard Nixon hosts about 20 GOP leaders in his home Tuesday. State Chairman John Krehbiel will lead a 75-member brainstorminfj parley next Saturday in the Statler Hilton. Among prominent courses to set: what to do about reapportionment, absentee balloting and literacy challenges at the polls. Recent GOP polls have virtually abandoned the idea of a ballot referendum seeking to have state voters overthrow reapportionment. This bill passed with a majority vote of Assembly Republicans as well as Democrats. * * * UNRUH WROTE the absentee ballot revision which requires that they be returned three days prior to election day rather than six days after. His stated aim is to avoid the long count of results which delays Califor- an attempt by that publication to divide this state's Democrats. Similar attempts elsewhere to make Unruh a political heavy are the first resort of nia's tally by several days. The GOP says it reactionary Republicans to cope with Un- disenfranchises travelers and servicemen, ruh's political success, he said. But Unruh's strength here again is to be Bludgeoning and blackjacking are in- reckoned with. He said on the Coates 1 pro- ferior implements in the legislative process gram he now has more than 60 Assembly here, he contends. "You can only scare a votes pledged to give him the speakership guy so long." He accepted the label "tough when Speaker Ralph Brown vacates for a and clever politician" as tribute, but ex- judgeship appointment. To have more than plained his own concept of these terms: 60 pledges means he has a significant num- Jr -JC ~k her of GOP votes. POLITICS is a game of acquiring and On people, Unruh pulled no punches: holding the confidence of your colleagues. Nixon would be a formidable challenge in ] would like to be considered a disciplinarian any field, in all phases of my life. A central core of Chairman Krehbicl has been taken care DAVID LAWRENCE Reception for Gen. WArihur Also Tribute to His Country authority is needed in political leadership. You can't enforce legislation with pure bludgeon. It's a matter of how good your word is, legislators' overall feeling for you, your integrity and the respect it commands. Unruh denied any rift with Gov. Pat Brown over state political power or over cordiality of relations with the White House. He admitted he was offered a choice of a couple of federal appointments for his vanguard work for JFK in this state but declined to identify what the choices were. It is believed, however, one was the postmaster generalship. Top state Republicans will weigh Un- of by GOP legislators themselves, "giving no credence to his leadership and very little to his veracity." * * * SAN FRANCISCO Mayor George Christopher, who depicts Unruh as the man who effects or kills the Governor's program at whim, "should return to the calling for which he is best equipped--milking cows." Despite the Big Daddy tag, Unruh can be cut. The Time piece put him in a two-day funk. He claims Time wrote his Jests as formidable codes of conduct, and learned thereby: "It's dangerous to jest when Time is near." promised to rescue the people of the Philippines will live long in the memory of M'ARTHUR Sentimental Journey By WALTER T. RIDDER, ROBERT E. LEE and WILLIAM BROOM WASHINGTON --· White House braintmsters are being moved about like chess pieces in an effort to bring order out of the chaotic administration of our Latin American policy. There's been a widespread feeling that President Kennedy has too many people working on the problem. Net effect of the changes will be to diminish by two men the impressive array of talent who have been stumbling all over themselves. Appointment of Robert F. Woodward as assistant secretary of state for Latin American affairs was the necessary first move. The theory is that he will become the central clearing house for ideas about Latin America, but whether this will work out in practice remains yet to be seen. After Woodward is settled down, Adolph A. Berle, the President's special assistant on Latin American affairs, will return to private life. Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. will be eased over to other duties as the White House's general handy man. This will leave presidential assistant Richard N. Goodwin, 29-year- old campaign speech writer, as the only survivor of the existing special White House team still assigned to Latin American affairs. Of course, national security advisers McGeorge Bundy and Walt W. Rostow will be on tap for assistance at any time. One of those most pleased by the changes is Secretary of State Dean Rusk, who at times during the Berle-Schlesinger-Goodwin regime had trouble figuring out what Latin American move was coming next. * * * TWO "OUTS" were discussing the "Ins" the other day. They were, respectively, a Republican who served in the last administration and a Democrat who failed to get a job in this one. "Trouble with the New Frontier is that everyone reports directly to the President," said the Republican Out. "He can't possibly digest all the advice he gets." "Trouble with you Eisenhower guys is that no one knew which President to report to--Ike, Sherm, George Humphrey or Bob Anderso.i," replied the Democratic Out. WASHINGTON--Of all the roving ambassadors who have gone abroad, none has produced so profound and useful an impression in behalf of the United Slates as has Gen. Douglas MacArthur this week in the Philippines. "A sentimental journey" is what the retired commander of America's armed forces In the Far East during World War II called his trip on the occasion of the 15th anniversary of Philippine independence. The outpouring of millions of emotion-filled citizens of the Philippines proved that the ties between the two countries are stronger than ever. This was a tribute to America as well as to its "old soldier." * * t » THE EXAMPLE to the world is a significant one. n n r w pr A n c n M For it was the United States U K b W H b A R b Q N which, over a period of years, helped to educate and train a whole generation of leaders for the new republic. No better illustration of how to deal with "colonialism" could be given in the modern world. It contrasts with the failure of various European nations to train their colonies in Africa for self- government. What a travesty on fair play that the United States, which lib- crated first Cuba and then the Philippines, should still be chastised as "imperialistic" by certain orators and organs in Latin America! Gen. MacArthur's trip, therefore, is a timely reminder of the record of the United States, which sacrificed the lives of many of its soldiers to secure the freedom of both the Philippines and Cuba following the Spanish-American War in 1898. Gen. MacArthur's w i s e counsel and careful handling of the American occupation all peoples in the Far East. It is a record of American- i s m -- of courage, of kindliness toward the citizens of the Philippines, and of wisdom in administering the delicate task of a military occupation of Japan. * * * lit IT IS ALWAYS easy to speak of what might have been. Had Gen. MacArthur's advice been followed by President Truman with respect to the bombing of the Red Chinese bases in 1950, the Communists might never have gotten North Korea, and a telling blow might have been struck against Communist aggression in the Far East. The saddest words of tongue or pen are indeed, "It might has been." Forum After Aiding Turks WASHINGTON -- A n interesting a f t e r m a t h has turned up in the wake of the huge $18,600,000 loan by the Eisenhower admin- i s t r a t i o n to esta b I i s h a steel mill in Turkey. The l o a n , one of the biggest made by the Development Loan Fund, is partly credited to influence of ex-Gov. Thomas E. Dewey, who was retained by the T u r k i s h government for $150,000. The loan caused PEARSON the skill and INDEPENDENT - 7ptes8=(Eele8ram Herman H. RkWer __ Daniel H. Rl«tr Karoltf M. Hints Samuel C. Cameron Larry Cellini Jr. _ Malcolm Ep'ey . , Miles E. Sines L. A. Collins %!. . Evcrell Hoskir.g Hirry Kirns -- .-- Co.publisher Assistant lo Publisher General Manager Ausvness Manager _ Executive Etfiler _ AUnagioj Editor Edllorial Celum.-.lsl Editor Eflitc Comic Advrririemenl Representative: Metropolitan Sunday Newspapers, Inc. Membw Aotllt Bureag or ClrculiflAi Hillcnil Ripftitniinve: RtiSder Johns, Inc.. of Japan helped, moreover, to contribute to the setting up of a democratic government in Japan. It is too bad that his record was marred by the arbitrary recall from his entire command which he experienced at the hands of President Truman in 1951. But, unhappily, impulsive men in the White House make mistakes which they live to regret some day, though they do not always concede that they erred. Gen. MacArthur symbolizes today the heroism of millions of Americans who fought in two wars in the Far East -- eight thousand miles from home. The wars in that region have proved that the United States will defend its interests in any quarter of the globe and that it will not follow concepts of isolationism. Gen. MacArthur is 81 years old and doubts that he will ever see the Philippines again. But the record of an American soldier who stood up bravely under the rfl";t discouraging circumstances and s t e a d f a s t l y considerable criticism among some American allies, especially Greece, which has stood firmly beside the United States but doesn't get anywhere near as much aid as Turkey. The American companies which benefit from the loan are the K o p p e r s Co., of Pittsburgh, W e s t i n g h o u s e Electric and the Blaw-Knox Co. They joined together to form Koppers Associates to design, buy the materials and supervise the construction of the new steel mill. The director of the Development Loan Fund who negotiated the huge $129,600,000 loan for Turkey, which in turn will benefit Koppers A s s o c i a t e s , \vas Vance Brand. And here is the interesting aftermath. After retiring from the Development Loan Fund with the exit of the Eisenhower administration Mr. Brand went to work for Koppers. * * * * BEHIND THE SCENES-Vice President Lyndon John son and Senator Yarbor ough, both of Texas, got on an airplane the other morning to fly to Texas to dedicate a new de-salting water plant. Both opened up the Washington Post, both read George Dixon's story on the rivalry between two Texans --the two Texans seated on the airplane. One of Dixon's statements: "Yarborough's hobby is detesting LBJ." ... Congratulations to Sen. Jennings Randolph of West Virginia on the 25th anniversary of his bill permitting blind people to o p e r a t e newsstands in government buildings. As a result, scores of blind people are now self- respecting c i t i z e n s ; also operate very efficient newsstands. Reds Undermine Religious Tenets EDITOR: The ruling of the Supreme Court that a candidate for public office in either state or federal government need not take an oath that he believes in God should make all who do, stop for a second look at the Communists' credo! (Or is it a first look?) This undermining of religious principles is the very core of their beliefs -- and the highest governing body of our land is playing into their hands. * * * « DAVID Lawrence's column very aptly pointed out that this could be but the beginning. We must wake up before it is too late. We need to become informed and take an active interest in our local, state and federal governments. As Kdmund Burke stated in 1769, "There is, however, a limit at which forbearance ceases to be a virtue." (And hasn't it?) Again in 1770, he said, "When bad men combine, the good must associate; else they will fall one by one, an unpitied sacrifice in a contemptible struggle." MRS. C. M. DAVIS. 6033 Faculty Ave. Lakewood. from a Democrat, especially him. I can't speak for him, but I can say you have printed letters from Democrats. Maybe too many Republicans write in and not enough Democrats have the time too; however, they make themselves known at the polls come voting time. Speaking of the polls, I wonder what kind of a government the 40 per cent that don't vote want. J. PAUL E. EATON. 756 Locust Ave. Knows We Print Demo Letters EDITOR: I read in your Public Forum column a letter a man wrote complaining that you never seem to print anything Economic Freedom Greatest Weapon EDITOR: The State Legislature recently referred for further study the Assembly Constitutional Amendment No. 43, which allows home rule in local property taxation. As this is a proposition that affects the economy of alt of us and to extend it further, even our freedom, may I point out that all the world's troubles are directly traceable to the management of land. In China Mao Tse-tung used agrarian reform as a wedge to gain support and then control. In Cuba we see a Latin repeat preformance. Brazil is now in the throes of a similar scheme. How can we stop this from happening here? Only by a just system of taxation. If your freedom, ideologically, and economically, mean anything to you, assume the responsibility to educate yourself and then stand up and be counted as a free American ready to defend your country, individuality and freedom. Our greatest "secret weapon" against communism is economic freedom. If we lose this we are slaves. Therefore, it is incumbent upon every anti-communist and American to discover a just means of taxation to allow our country its full natural growth without impairing or infringing upon the liberties of her citizens. Freedom is up to you; you inherited it but are you going to pass it on to your children or are you going to give them into Khrushchev's slavery? Slavery is never more than one generation away. Educate yourself in the principles laid down in our Declaration of Independence, how to apply them and how to defend them or all will be lost. WILLIAM A. HANKS 2858 Delta Ave. By George Clark 'I' -U "We're tourists from the city. Say something quaint." By OM.^,, f. I ·id Robirf Stampei NOW that summer is here and the thoughts of the young are turning to romance the words "I love you" are very much in the By BILL VAUGHAN ARITHMETIC t e x t b o o k s ought to state problems: "If three apples cost only 10 cents each . . ." Today's child isn't accustomed to seeing a price w i t h o u t "only" in front of it. ·r * * * IT MAY be too late this year, but some help in reducing the holiday traffic jams might be afforded by displaying suitbale signs: "Yankees, stay home." * + + * THE MAN at the next desk says he really enjoys cooking in the back yard once in a while, but he's glad he doesn't live in one of t h o s e neighborhoods where it is compulsory. ·f V * * COUSIN Fuseloyle indignantly denies ever having littered the highways. He always drops his beer cans into a passing sports car. spring breeze. Here is how they are said in various languages around the world. French: Je t'aime--(zhuh tehm) Spanish: Te quiero--(Teh k'YEH-roh) Italian: Ti voglio bene -(Tee VOH-I'yoh BEH-neh) German: Ich liebe Dich-- (Ikh LEE-beh deekh) Russian: Ya vas lioubliou --(Yah vahs LOOB-1'yoo) Greek: S'agapo--(s'ah-gah POH) Hebrew: Ani ohev otah-- (ah-NEE oh-HEHF oh- TAHKH) Chinese: Wa ai ni--(wah eye nee) Japanese: Watakushi-wa- anata-wo ai-masu ·-- (wah- tah-koo-shee wah ah-nah- tah-woh eye-mahss) (Docs some word in any language puzzle you? Put your question to "Language in the News" fn care of this newspaper.)

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