Altoona Mirror from Altoona, Pennsylvania on May 28, 1930 · Page 7
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Altoona Mirror from Altoona, Pennsylvania · Page 7

Altoona, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:
Wednesday, May 28, 1930
Page 7
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ft? ttbttftft B* MAtftN IttAC*, May ft the Wt« WMmittee representing the tJaltal ttto* Workers meets with the repfeftsfitatlves of the anthracite coal 6p«f*tor* in Philadelphia June 9 to negotiate a .new wage scale for ap- proxifhately 180,000 anthracite coal mifters, they will face a situation far different from that which existed five years ago, when the contract to .be replaced this year was negotiated. , Two factors have been of major importance to the industry .during the last five year*. One of these has been a decrease In .demand, the other has been the modernisation of coal production methods. A party of flfly , newspapermen, magazine writers and coal hnlhe of- ficials'started yesterday dn a" tow ot the anthracite fields, to see first-hand the changes whioh five years have wrought. Ail aft evidence of the effect of decreased demand for anthracite, they found mlries producing 8 to 10 per cent less coal than five years ago, with a consequent increase of unemployment. Perhaps the most striking evidence of the modernization of the industry was the elimination of two. of its romantic features—the mine mule and the breaker boy, „ In the place of the mule,i which used to live its life drawing cars of coal underground, never seeing daylight until it was so old that it was pensioned and'taken to t]ae surface to die, today is found electric motive power. Powerful motors draw long trains of Cars from remote sections of the mine to the shaft where car and all is lifted to the surface. At the surface seen the elimination of the old-time breaker boy who, usually a youth, used to sit hour after hour picking slate out of the endless procession of coal which passed on a conveyor beneath .his eyes. Today that work is being done by automatic machinery—the Jig table, or the flotation method. In the former the coal is agitated, centrifugal force and i f gravity causing the heavy rock to separate from the marketable coal, in &OMK DISTANCE AWAY: WHENEVER. DADDY-LONG-LEGS LOSES ON& OF MIS ; LIMBS, A NEW ONE TO TAKE ITS PLACE. OI930 BV NEA SEBVKC, INC. . HM tfti ftttittf&iB *«H I IM lte dttil aird ito us* ot It fWucing the maHuai w6rk fctt ifc« suffaee manuai labor almttit elifftiftftted. All phases of its hafidllftf , frbWl the tlnte it Comes up out of tj« mine until it is hauled away on !ea« for the surface, are ddfie automatically. The resuiV of this has been a d*- cr»a«« in employment, .while it is still estimated that 160,000 men are on the 0ay rolls of the anthracite coal company, they get l«ss work. In Puts- ton, fdr instance, where one company has mine collieries, three were working yesttrflay. Notlce v was posted that three others would open today. But the miners feare'd that by tomorrow the first three would be dosed. That ftieana that the men employed would be idle, until such a time as the collieries to which they were attached resume operation. < Perhaps the only .complaint heard from men yesterday was based on that situation? They felt the companies which right now are said to make exceptionally small profits, are Operating only those properties from which they can produce coal the cheapest. The men employed in those pits are getting the lions' share of the work, the miners say, and the others are Idle two and three weeks at ft time. AJMWUgf Ifrt tem |»irata«*a 6f Uic Vflltsd State* fiM tf«*«MWl froia 81,- m,m to af ( ot»,dt»sure* im t«« twa* cash Income ffttii afrtoMltfre I* the gam* today as theST^WO.OW.OW.OJW ft r—aecordiftf to tit. C. 3. dalpift 6f the tfoiited States department ot agriculture. If dairy farmers lift the United suites were to out dOwn oft their milk production It would play havoc frith ohe of the important industries of the country—the lc* ereato industry— is the United States bureaiTof dairy Industry. More than 6,000,000,000 pounds of milk are used a year in the manufacture of this product, he says. The Dakotai* and Montana expect a grasshopper plague this year. While mild outbreaks occurred in those states last year, it-is eitpeeted that hordes ot the insects will migrate through the states this year. Millions of Saving Unredeemed ^ttibAfll d fnuCB avn wMflft fafu>- MR* Will ^ dirt of «V*r> ten farhw fn the ttett#d SUtt* Atoe poultry, aceoKl- inf to fteettt flgrures. Iowa, initials aW* Missouri lead an other states in poultry fATOfti «* 1*8 flTTSfitJftdH*, May a.-8tate control Of liquor it advocated by Charles £>. Mc8ha««, head of Oatlln Institute, an institution for the treatment of alcoholism. McShane in an address yesterday said government regulation is the best way to haitdle the liquor problem, A Large Selection of GIFTS for Graduate* SOc to $15,00 We specialise in framing Diplomas KOCH&TOOLE 1316 Twelfth Ave. steps for groceries and household needs-— telephone your or* den. Take a minute or two to cafl the stores and save an hour's shopping. TELEPHONE the latter method the coal is passed through great cones filled with sand and water of a definite specific grav- ity. The heayy rocks sink. The coal floats. , Modernization, perhaps, has affect- The Youthful TON Will Help You Dress Up For With bright, new summery fashions, at money-saving prices. 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