The Daily Free Press from Carbondale, Illinois on January 27, 1920 · Page 2
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The Daily Free Press from Carbondale, Illinois · Page 2

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Carbondale, Illinois
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Tuesday, January 27, 1920
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THE DAILY- FREE PRESS «,DAILY FREE PRES$ 'i£SJ«lly "i»03 Established Weekly 1877 3Press Publishing Co, JOHN T. GALBRAITH Manager - • Telephone - - 218 TERMS 15 cents a week, bills due weekly, .JJB worse strictly caen.. ' -ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION J7.80. Watered at the postofflce at Carbon-• l»jj. nil»ol3, as second class matter. - -s9*Boe In the Free Press Building, Main Street > Jan. 27. 1920. IRZBERGEB SHOT BY AN German Minister of Finance At- iacked as He ^Leaves . • " -Courts. Building. IULLET ENTERS SHOULDER -i^iis Assailant, a Young Cadet Officer .and Son of Bank Official, Is Arrested—A Second Bullet Glanced Off Victim's Watch Chain.- . '•'Berlin,;Jan. 27.—Germany's militar- . fets -and .nationalists came within anr incln of celebrating their first great triumph since the armistice. • An aris- .locratlc -would-be assassin ' who had -posted himself near the criminal courts .winding, fired three shots at Finance '.Minister Dr. -Matliias Arzberger as the latter was com.ing out, homeward uound, after a hearing in his -libel suit ' cgalnst D. Karl HelfCerich.. Only, one bullet struck Erzberger. slightly • wounding him in the shoulder. The who gave his name as O. Hirschfeldt, was arrested. Herschfeldt is a former cadet ofli- zev. Assailant Is Student. 'The assailant of the finance minis- ••ie.r was seized by the police and tak- ; BH .to a police station, where his name . -was discovered. He is twenty years . old and. noiv is a student living in a suburb of Berlin with his parents. His .- Cather is a bank official. • ' Herr Erzberger was engaged-iu con• -i'.ersation with his solicitor, .Doctor .'.b'riodlauder, outside the criminal court et 2:30 o'clock when his assailant, a • --well-dressed young man, approached and, fired a pistol at the finance minis-. :'"ler. - The shot entered his shoulder. ISoctor Friedlauder sprang at the .-youth, who nt tlii same moment tired ;-a "second shot, which hit Erzberger iu -the region of the stomach, bur glanced aft Jiis watch chain and a button. Herr Erzberger staggered into his > .motorcar, .which was waiting to take • him -home, and drove off at full speed. While the finance minister is not -^seriously wounded, an operation will ';t«5'necessary to extract the bullet from fthJs shoulder. •JProminent in German Life.. Mathias Erzberger, for many years "deader of the German center party, Is JBoe of the most prominent figures in -•Gecaaan public life. • During the war he was a strong sup' t porter of the government in 'general, , Shut because of his activities with re- ,.;^!3L«1 to the reichstag peace move iu . July, 1917, Dr. Karl Helfferich, former • vice chancellor, accuse'd Herr Erzberg-, er iof high treason. {Doctor Helfferich in the trial of the •i:ilt»ej:.['5ji5ti,bro.ui;ht : by the finance mln- rjBterirantjary.20 . stigmatized Herr Erzi berger as "a menace to the purity of • .our public life." ' . He also asserted that Erzberger's -'Sortutie had been made during (he war >-3n* utilization of his political and par- .iAiamoentary. position. Defended Germany's Peace Action. The trial of the libel suit has been '.iT-epJete with the acrimony, largely on v.ihe .part of the defense, although Herr CiBcxbnrer has defended himself vigor- ••ouwly. He dec-tared that his con. science was clear and that all the •mistakes of the military and naval hu- '.reuuK now were being charged to his .•rtccount. He strongly defended the •peace' action taken by Germany in -J.9W. tie was a member of the German . armistice delegation sent to Marshal i'och's headquarters, and ranlimu'd -..acting for Germany in various nugo- •tiations over the armistice terms after. the truce had gone into effect. Wlu-n - the'pence treaty was submitted hy the .allies he favored the signing of it by • ^Germany. When the Bauer cabinet was formed .in June, 1910, Herr ICrxberger was appointed vice premier and .minister of finance. .Supreme Court at Washington to Hear ArgCments on Jurisdiction April 12. LODGE REFUSES TO YIELD INCH Republican Leaders in Senate Hold Tight to Their Treaty Plan. THADDEUS C. SWEET ....!..„ SAY ARTICLE! a MUST STAND G. O. P. Chief Tells Democrats Hit Reservations Must Not Be Altered —Wickersham Says Would Mean New~Treaty Negotiations. . * v . Washington, Jan. 27.—No change in the' reservations' affecting' article' ten of the League of Nations covenant, or the Monroe doctrine provision of 'the peace treaty will be'acceptable. to the Republicans, Senator Lodge informed Senator Hitchcock' and other members of the.inforrinl Democratic committee whidi has boen conferring with Senator Lodge's committee in fin effort 'to reach a compromise on the treaty. Senator Lodge's statement. was formulated after his confurenee Saturday with (Senators'Burah and Johnson and other Kepnhlirau senators opposing the treaty...- \ , % .Immediately - filler tlie /statement v.-iis presented tlie bipartisan i-oufer- enc'e adjourned. Senator Hitchcoek and, his associates retiring for a private conference. They will make u.oir reply to Senator Lodge ihis~moniiug. Statement by Hitchcock. Senator Hitchcock' later issued this .statement: ' ' ' "Wlien tli" Senator Speaker Tlituldi-'us C bunt o the N>w • York state assembly, p.mto- L'rapned ir. Aihjiny til the opening of thy "trial" of-thf livi 1 Sudiilislsiplecti'd to Hie assembly \:u\ 'refused' tlieir ?oats ! n tjiiat bud;-. IHJTCH REPLY- Ambassadors Consider Hoiiand'G- Refusal to-Give Up Kaiser/ French Legal Experts to Ga Into Casr. —U. S. Ambassador Wallace- • at Meeting. o conference ;;si Lodge advised tlie,.senators present that he had been culled into a meeting by certain Republican senators and for that rousni? had not been able to attend the last conference Friday. He regretted to say that ,he , fountf it impossible to resume the con- j ference for a compromise except upon ' the understanding that no change j shall be' made in the reservation on article ten or on the Monroe .doctrine. The Democratic members retired for a private conference and will make their reply to Senator Lodge Tuesday morning at a meeting at 10:30. "The conference up to the time its. meetings were interrupted luid tentatively agreed upon tlie preamble and all sections of the reservations except that relating to article ten. Hie Monroe doctrine and one or two minor matters and an agreement was apparently also consummated on article ten when adjournment suddenly came, followed by the intervention of the irreconcilable Republicans." What Lodge Has to Say. Senator Lodge issued the. following statement: "I have only this to say about the committee meeting: That I said to the committee that there is a very strong feeling among many senators against uny change in the Lodge reservations, either in words or in substance, and that I thought it only fnlr to say now j what I have already said in public, that there can be no compromise of principle and that it would be.Impos- sible to secure, in my judgement, two- thirds of the senate if uny change wns attempted in such articles as two and five, those relating to article ten and the .Monroe doctrine. I said tfiis was a mere statement of the situation." .- , ' ... Would Mean New Negotiations. New York, Jan. 27.—Adoption of the Lodge reservations by the senate would . require the resubmisslon "of, the pence"' treaty to the allied nations and Ger- j many in order to make the treaty "a legal and binding Instrument." George W. Wickersham, former attorney gen-1 eral of the United States, declared in i a statement which he has prepared for . the League to Enforce Peace.' i I The fourth reservation, by which! the United States "would reserve to ' Itself exclusively the right to decide- what questions are within its domestic ] jurisdiction," Mr-. Wickersham declared ' would remove from the jurisdiction of . the league "a'series of questions of! the highest importance," and "peculiar- < ly provocative of internal difficulty." ! Amounts to an Amendment. I The tentli reservation, which gives the United States the right to increase, its armament whenever threatened with invasion or engaged in war, Mr. , Wickersham maintained,' is against the spirit of the covenant, and amounts to an amendment of tlie treaty. He also objected to the eleventh reservation, which says the United States will use its own judgment about boycotting offending nations, stating that it modi- fled article 1G of the covenant. "These examples appear to me to be sufficient," continued Mr, Wickersham, "to demonstrate that the reservations. as .-proposed involve a modification in/essential particulars of: provisions of the treaty, and a ratification upon condition of the'adoption, in my opinion, would be invalid until accepted by the other powers to the peace treaty.- My conclusion is that a ratification of the treaty, including the Lodge reservations, would require a resubmission of the. whole treaty to these powers which shall have accepted it. including Germany." "" i Paris, Jan. 27.—The ivpl.v rn" the refusal of Hie K>utrb grivurnnipiil t<> comply with the demand -of., fin.-. iijHOs for the surrender <>r former Kui.ienir William .vas t!ii> first subject discussed at the initial moetin;: nf tin- council of the ambassadors cmu'od to carry on the unfinished routine work of the Kuftfeiiie council of Hie' peace conference, which cJisbnn'dBd .last woel:. It was decided that flu" French legal experts available should go into all-tlie aspects of tin." case and prepare the reply, which probably will be submitted for ap-inival of the,council early next week. , " ' The discussion in ilie council did not disclose the trend of opinion among the members further than that it appeared to l>e the view that the legal phase of tlie question had become the chief one. The council was presided over by Premier Millet-ami. Hugh C. Wallace, the American ambassador, was present with the other '.numbers of the body. After disposing for the day of the extradition question, Hie council decided to give the representatives 'of the Jugo Slavs four day's additional time to reply regarding the proposed compromise in the. Adriatic question, including the disposition of Fiume. This carries the question along until Wed- YAQUJS KILL' 12 SOLDiERS Band Attacks Federal Garrison .and J . Loot's Towtv—P/lexican . Troops : ' ; ' '-.-' '• Sent- to Ssene. \- ;,. '; ~ Nogales, Aria.. Jan. 27.—/ band -of Taquls attacked tlie federal gnrrison: fit Buena Vista, Sonora. 15'miles south of here, and kijled 12 men, After looting the town the Yu'quis moved 'to Santa Barbara and engaged the .garrison there. ,<Fhree wounded soldiers from Buena Vista have been brought to the husfi hospital at Negate*. Sonora. Mexican troops have been dispatched by automobiles from Nogales to Buena Vista. ~ ;' ' '• KENYON. BILL IS PASSED Measure to Promote Education of Illit- . erates and Aliens Is Approved ,by Senate. ' Washington, Jan: 27C—The bill by Senator Kenyon of Iowa to promote Americanization by "educating illiterates and aliens in the ."English language was passed by Hie seriate by the vote of 30 to' 14. The bill carries ..in appropriation of $6,500,000, which is t<" be expended by the federal government in co-operation with the several states', through tlie buruati of education. Tlie measure is an outcome of the investigation 'by n subcommittee! headed by Sen'ator Kenyon, of the conditions in the steel districts sh'ortly after the commencement of. the late .strike. HUNGARIANS LIVE IN BARMS Chicago Highwaymen Kill Man. Chicago, Jan. 27.—Otis Aniidon, collector for.the American Railway Express company, was shot and instantly killed uKa revolver battle witlj three «f a quartet of robbers. Twenty Thousand Families Are Homeless—Budapest in Grip of ^ Influenza Epidemic. Budapest. .Tan. 27.—Twenty thousand families are homeless in the vicinity 'of Budapest, living temporarily in barns arid railway cars.'' They are) refugees from the section of Transyl-) vo.nia under Houp.ianian occupation. About 100 new cases of influenza or plague are reported daily in the city. The mortality is about 10 pe'r cent of those stricken. CAMBRIA Jan. 25." ' After a lingering illness "with typhoid fever, Samuel A. Emerson died Tuesday morning, Jan. 20, at the age of 36 years and eight days. -The funeral which was largely attended, took' place from ,the Christian church Wednesday afternoon, conducted by- Elder G. .W. Asteene of Herria. The deceased is survived by tlie following-: His mother, 'Mrs. Npra Emerson; three brothers, namely, Arthur^rank and Fred; one' .sister, Mrs. Bess L. Cruse; 'two 'children, other relatives and a host of friends. Among those from out of town to attend the funeral were Fred, Thelma and ..Mrs. Kate Smith, ,o£ Murphysboro; John Bowman, of Carbond'de; Mr. and Mrs. L.loyd McNail, of Johnston City; Mr. and Mrs. I. L. Miles, of Carterville; A. E. Damon, o£ Golconda; Mr.-and Mrs. Ira Gosnell, Mrraad Mrs. George Hughes, Ned. Pengilla, Mrs. Russ Wiseman, Mrs: Jesse West of Herrin; Mrs. Jas. WhitaeVe, -of West Frankfort. Special music "was< furnished by a .quartette composed of Messrs. Ben Lovell,. C. M. Marvel,._R. R. Cruse and Grant Cruse, with Mrs. Ben Lovel, accompanist. • • ''."'- Washington, Jan. 27.—Argifment of liappea'is 'involving .the. federal trade .Commissioner's jurisdiction over bus!. :-ness concerns - was' fixed, by the. Supreme court for, April 12. TI.e go-,-- -'ei'sraent Tintl asked-that the case b< La Foilette Goes to Hospital. ' Madison, Jan. 27.—As. a result of an infection due.to^his. teeth, Senator R. M. La Foilette has gone to JRoch-' ester, Minn., to enter' the Mayo hps- pital. Accompanying the 1 senator was his son who fs secretary -to his'father. SYSTEMATIC Arrangement Counts The busy professional man requires a systematic arrangement oi the most minute details—THAT'S WHY o'ur Manifold Letter Heads and Envelopes to match especially appeal to'them. This stationery is arranged in a substantial carton, where it is kept nice and straight and free from all dirt and dust. . See it and you'll want it! Free Press Pub. Co; \ fo show you" Swift & Company's 1919 Earnings ._;___ . £ How They Affected You During the twelve months ended ^November 1, 1919, (its fiscal year,) Swift & Goinpany transacted its large volume of Business on ' the smallest margin of profit in its history. . Sales over $1,200,000,000.00 ' Net earnings $13,870,181.34 i Our shipments -were in excess ..'. of 5,5oO,000,000.1bs. This means that our earnings were less than 1%-cents, on each dollar of sales, or & quarter of a cent oh each pound shipped. Consumer?— The average consumer eats about Y 2 Ib. of meat per day—180 Ibs. per year. If he purchased only Swift & Company products he would he-e contributed only 45 cents (180 Ibs. @ % cent a pound)— a year profit to Swift & Company for its investment and service, less than one cent per -week , * .. . / Our earnings were so small as ,to have practically no effect on the " family meat bill. .^ Live Stock Raiser- Swift & Company handled in 1919 over 16,000,000 head of live stock. You can figure for yourself that our earnings of 1% cents on'each dollar of sales are too small .to affect the price you received for your,-stockr ~ We paid all it was humanly possible to pay considering what the- meat and by-products^ could be sold for. . •• / Swift & Company, U.S.A. ANTIOCH. •-• • .» • '. : .>.. '•• .. . Jan.tl9. ~ Mr. and Mrs. Mort Griffith and ; children spent Sunday with Mrs. Lydia Watson-and family. Several from here attended the funeral of Grandma Rendleman at Makanda Thursday afternoon at 2 o'clock. Geo. Garner has rented Melyiu.I.ia- gle.'s.Jarm and expects'to take-possession, the first of March. Mr. Lingle has bought a farm west of ^Carbpndale' and will move his family there':soon. ,',-Mp. and Mrs. Jessie Fry of Progress spent Sunday with Mr. and Mrs, Henry Mann. l . . Almon Watson is reported to be no better, only growing weaker. Nute Tiller helped Mort Griffith saw wood ,two days Jkist week. Mr. and Mrs. R. A. Gurley entertained at Sunday dinner R. L. Gurley and family, Mr. and Mrs. Melvin Lingle and children and Mr. and Mrs. Roy Gurley. Thousands of dollars worth of damage -was done through this .section by the heavy sleet and ice. Fruit trees, especially peaches, were damaged. •Rev. Moreland filled his regular appointment at Liberty Saturday' night and Sunday^ ' . • M-rs. Lydia Watson was called to Anna Wednesday to. the bedside oEj her brother, Dave Tri-pp,- who underwent an operation there at the sani- torium a £ew days ago. -She returned home Saturday and reported him doing fine although not out of. danger. Will' Bennett has rented 1 ' George •Griffith's farm for .-the coming year. ! Mr. Griffith will move his family to Ma' .rion. " j . Mr.- and M-rs'. Charles Clutts bought th.e J.. T. ..Horsley .farm-'recently.. . Word-.was received here, .of .the .death of John Gentry of Cottage Home Wednesday. We, as friends', .regret to hear, of his. death : and extend "to his : childre'a; our deepest sympathy. : " 1 MTS. George Lingle has b'een on the aick list the -past two weeks, but is better at this writing. " j The telephone communication is very 'I poor here, owing to the recent heavy <• sleet and ice. The lines and poles are all down and in some places the lines are broken. . The .store at Progress is fast filling . up and Mr. Gulp invites your patronage. Roscoe Jones helped R. A. Gurley cut wood here Friday. Mrs. Frank Cotter and son, Francis of wear Cobden,_spent Wednesday here with her sister, Mrs; George Griffith. :Mr. and Mrs.. Roy Gurley helped John Downs butcher Saturday. Mr. and Mrs. —rnest Watson spent Sunday with his uncle, John Watson, and. family. Mr. and Mrs. George Griffith spent Sunday -with Mr. and Mrs. Jeff Casper. Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Fly spent Sunday night with the lady's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Hiram Ethertou and family. Miss Elma Etherton spent Monday with Mrs. Ernest Watson. '. Our men' began, work on the telephone lines Monday. We hope to get good service s'«t>n.. R. A. Gurley -was*a business visitor at Nathan Barns' of Pleasant Hill Tuesday. ' . Mr. and Mrs. George Clutts of Wa-. ter Valley spent Wednesday here with their son, Charfie, and family.* Wiley Garner made a'business trip to Makanda Wednesday. ^ Mrs. Roscoe Jones spent Thursday evening with Mrs. .Noah Rushin'g, who is confined to her bed again. \ NOTICE - On and after Feb. 15,,the scale for painting,will be 87% cents per hour. '•'.... B. E. Eicher; :•••••- ' -•••''... Sec. Local 362. Advertleememt. .'."''.-..... N

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