Editorial Markets (Eitken TUESDAY, MARCH 5, 1968 PAGE 2 1 Sports Classified . . .As Parents Watch Children wounded in terrorist attack are treated al the Province Hospital in CanTho. (Citizen Photos by John Riddick) Village Children Bear Brunt Of VC Attack Tucson Daily Citizen re~- I.- cr John Riddick was on 'he scene after a senseless terrorist attack, whose main victims were children, in the Mekong Delta. By JOHN RIDDICK Citizen Staff Writer CAN THO -- "Why does it always have to be the children?" the American asked helplessly. There were five Vietnamese children laid out on the tables of a dining room in a small American compound here. They had been terribly wounded moments before in the middle of the night during a Viet Cong bombardment of the city. Dr. Herschel Douglas, head of the American medical program in the Mekong Delta, was going from child to child applying tourniquets. He and other Americans had taken the chil- BEFORE DECISION Vagrancy Ruling Due Court Test Whether or not a bearded, barefoot itinerant painter has a right to stand on a Tucson sidewalk and stare at the sunset will be a matter for the Arizona State Supreme Court to decide. Because the painter, Daniel Rosenbloom, was arrested for vagrancy, Superior Court Judge John Collins thinks Ihe high court should decide whether the city's vagrancy ordinance is constitutional. In certifying the Rosenbloom case to the Supreme Court today, Collins said he refused lo find Rosenbloom either guilty or innocent until the high court rules on the city ordinance. "I personally have grave d o u b t s about t h e constitutionality of the law," said Collins. "Of course it's an insignificant thing, but it means hundreds of persons are arrested in Tucson and Arizona each year. "They may face only a $10 fine or 10 days in jail," he continued. "Most of them can't raise a dime so they spend time in jail." The statute provides for arrest of any person unlawfully, end without visible means of support, or who cannot give a satisfactory account of himself, loafing, congregating or loitering in the city streets. "President Kennedy never carried a dime in his pockets," said Collins. "Neither do I. This means any person who isn't carrying money is subject to arrest, even if he's a banker. "Sure we must keep the bums off the streets. The law's never been tested because most of those convicted can't afford lo appeal. But we must also protect (he innocent. We can't do that when the police legally can be told to just look at a man and decide whether he's guilty," he concluded. Rosenbloom, a 23-year-old Chicagoan, was fined $10 by a city magistrate after his arrest in March, 19G5. He appealed and Collins conducted his appeal trial in July, 19G5. The judge then certified the case to the supreme court for a ruling on the law, but it was never judged on merit because alloted time elapsed. In re-certifying the case, Collins said he thinks the legality of the statute must be resolved once and for all by the high court. dren from their home, perhaps 50 yards away. One little boy's foot had been torn off by the impact of the shell fragments which had shattered the home. The youngest, a year-old girl with a shrapnel puncture through her thigh, was held by an American man. She wasn't crying. There was no sound but the strangely quiet wailing of the mother who was physically unwounded. Outside, flares were lighting up the sky and American gun- ships were hunting the source of (he 20 rounds of 75mm recoilless rifle fire that had exploded in the middle of the city. "Two of the children will die," said Douglas as the convoy prepared to drive to the hospital, armed with rifles and pistols. At the Province Hospital, people were coming from all parts of the city bringing their wounds. A U.S. Air Force surgical team, led by Maj. Cruz Hernandez of Mesa, Ariz., a 1953 University of Arizona graduate, Slum Job Funds OK'cl WASHINGTON (UPI) - The Senate Appropriations Committee Monday approved a $75 million emergency outlay to bolster summer job programs for youths in the slums. The committee added the funds to the House-passed $1.2 billion supplemental appropriations bill for the fiscal year ending June 30. The bill now goes to a House-Senate conference. In a closed meeting, the panel voted down a proposal by Sens. Jacob Javits, R-N. Y., Ralph Yarborough, D-Tex., and 19 other Senators for a $150 million outlay to find an estimated 24,000 new jobs for idle young men in the slums. was in motion. Plasma bottles were being passed around and three operating rooms were active. The emergency room was full now and there were many people lying in the halls leading to the surgical unit. The Vietnamese are shocking to Americans in their ability to take pain silently. Most of the sounds were the murmerings of the families clustered around the wounded and the dying. Decisions were being made on the priorities -- which people most desperately needed operations and which were beyond being saved. A boy died of shock as FROM TANKER Oil Slick Closes Hotels' Beaches SAN JUAN P. R. (AP) -Five San Juan hotels have closed their beaches after oil from a wrecked tanker spread over the sands, but other hotels west of the spreading oil slick reported their beaches still unpolluted today. Thousands of tourists left the beaches Monday as oil kept rolling in from the 12,065-ton Ocean Eagle, which split in half on a reef Sunday as she approached San Juan Bay. The Liberian tanker carried six million gallons of oil. "Most tourists seem to be taking the problem in stride," said Puerto Rico's director of tourism, Hector Piniero. There were reports that some hotels were getting cancellations, but there was no indication that these were running to any great number. Piniero said beaches sullied by oil, could be cleaned by the removal of an inch or so of sand. Marine biologists said, however, that "no matter what is done, we have a serious problem on our hands." Our expert said beaches would be polluted for months. By late Monday the slick covered about 10 miles of water. Three tugboats tried in vain to pull the Ocean Eagle's bow from the harbor mouth Monday, and its oil continued to spill. A Coast Gurd spokesman said the plan had been to drag the bow at least 150 yards away and sink it in 100 feet of water. Coast Guard ships poured emulsifying chemicals onto the oil, trying to dissolve and sink it. A spokesman reported "encouraging results" but said the slick was still a major threat. plasma was being fed into him. A father reached a hand skyward in helpless resignation, looking at his three dead children. The operations went on, hour after hour. And at the end of it, there were nine dead and 51 wounded Vietnamese civilians. One American, a woman teacher, was slightly wounded. Nguyen Thi Choiu, a Vietnamese nurse, said, "Why do they do [his to the civilians?" Col. Evan Schear, chit surgeon for the Air Force Wilford Hall Hospital in San Antonio who is here for three months temporary duty, said, "This was a senseless thing. There were no military targets. How can you explain the thinking of somebody who just fires into a bunch of women and kids?" Dr. Henry C. Frick, a civilian volunteer from the Columbia University medical school, said, "It's awful. They were just terrorizing." Sgt. Robert Finn, an Air Force medic, said, "You gel mad to see so many kids hurt for no good reason," U.S. Studies Purported Pueblo Crew's Letter WASHINGTON ( U P I ) - U.S. officials sought today lo determine the authenticity of a purported appeal from the Pueblo crew asking President Johnson to help win their release by offering U.S. apologies for the in- t e 11 i g e n c e ship's "crimes" against North Korea. The letter, delivered to U.S. representative at the Pan- munjom truce village a n d broadcast over North Korean radio, was viewed with caution by U.S. officials Monday. Initial reaction was to regard the letter as anolher forced propaganda ploy by North Korea, but there were indications it could be a prelude to eventual release of the men. It was also noted that unlike previous alleged "confessions" from some of the Pueblo's 82 surviving crewmen, the letter's phrasing in idiomatic English contained no clumsy wording. One aspect of the authentication process was reported to be comparisons of the signatures on the letter with sample signatures of crewmen. U.S. Plans New Radar In Britain Defense Against Orbital Bomb WASHINGTON ( A P ) - The United States plans to build a new over-the-horizon radar jn Britain that sources said would give this country adequate warning against the Soviet Union's new orbital bomb. The new radar will reportedly have the ability to peek around the earth's curvature and spot approaching missiles or orbital devices. Existing linc-of-sighl radars, including the ballistic missile early warning system extending across Canada and in Britain, can detect hostile rockets only after they rise above the horizon. The new over-the-hori/on radar would be operated in Britain under a joint agreement similar to that covering an early-warning installation at. Fyl- ingsdale Moor. Officially the Pentagon was mum on the matter Monday, acknowledging only that the United States is talking with Britain on several projects, including over-the-horizon radar. Former Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara said last November the new radar would be a counter-measure to the Soviets' so-called Fractional Orbital Bombardment System. Retired Air Force Gen. Bernard A. Schriever told a National Space Club audience in Washington Monday nighl the orbital missile is the most signifcant clement in the Soviet's new strategic force. Schriever, who headed development of the U.S. ballistic missile and space system and who often clashed with McNamara over aviation-space goals, added: "Every indication points toward the development by the Soviet Union of still more sophisticated space systems, including improved versions of or- bitaJ weapons." He said the comparative strength of the U.S. missile force is steadily declining while the Soviets are enlarging their force by some 200 missiles annually. McNamara said the Soviets probably were developing the orbital bomb as a weapon to destroy U.S. strategic bombers before they could lake off in wartime. The Soviet weapon, because of a low trajectory, could be detected by existing radar only about three minutes before blasting Strategic Air Command bases, giving the United States virtually no time to get its bombers aloft. By contrast, radars in the ballistic missile early warning system are supposed to provide 15 minutes alert time against incoming missiles. McNamara said installation of over-the-horizon radar units would allow the United States to recapture the necessary 15 minutes warning time so far as the Soviets' Fractional Orbital Bombardment System is concerned. House Gets Hot Potato School Bill Resurrected Plan Takes Lid Off Teacher Salaries By ROBERT K. WALKER PHOENIX ( A P ) -- House members have been tossed a hot potato in the form of a resurrected Senate bill to take the lid off teacher pay increases for the next two years. One House leader said the measure has a chance. But several rank and file Republicans said it will have to be rewritten considerably before they could support it. The Senate bill would allow school districts to ignore the new school finance budget limitations to raise teacher salaries any amount, as long as both the school board and county board of supervisors give u n a n i m o u s consent. As originally written, the legislation would have affected only districts paying a minimum of $5,333 or less yearly, The bill passed yesterday, however, puts no limit on the minimum salary. A bill passed in December limited districts this year to budget increases of 6 per cent, although they could go up as much as 10 per cent with a vote of the people. Sen. William Huso, D-Navajo, chairman of the Senate Education Committee, had a new bill drawn up quickly last month when he found his own school district was in a bind because of the new l a w . The district salaries have been low, and the December school finance bill would keep the school district from bringing salaries up to the average. The bill, after a frantic live hours of caucusing and debating, lost 14-14 last Saturday. It was revived Monday on a motion of Sen. Glenn Blansett, D-Navajo, to reconsider. On the second try the bill squeezed by 16-12. Opposition came primarily from Democrats, who called the bill a "subterfuge," "meaningless," and "a fraud." Democratic minority leader Harold Giss of Yuma, said the requirement of the bill that both school boards and boards of supervisors give "unanimous" consent makes it useless. Ho aid he knows of one board of supervisors where a member hates schools with a vengeance." "It can't go into effect until 90 days after we've adjourned," Giss said of the new bill, contending it would give the schools no relief this year. S e n . O r m e L e w i s , R-Maricopa, voted against the bill as being "improper" and allowing substantial budget increases. "Better than nothing," de- :lared Huso in defending the bill. "It will help some districts I know are in distress. This is an important bill. It is not the best bill." A large number of legislators have been concerned about the tight budget controls put on schools by the December special session, but have faced a dilemma trying to decide what to do about it. The new school finance law control features will tighten clown on the big-spending districts in future years. Under the school finance program the legislature nearly doubled the aid to the schools with the intent of causing a sizable decrease in school district tax rates. Judge Turns Down Plea For Secrecy WILMINGTON, Del. (AP) A judge has thrown out a move lo keep reporters out of a pretrial hearing under the American Bar Association's Reardor report. "The llcardon report isn'' law," U.S. Dist. Court Senior Judge Caleg M. Wright, saio Monday. A lawyer for one of four men charged with violating law; against shipping uninspected meat across state lines had sought to stop alleged statements made by the defendants from going to the jury. He asked Wright to bar the press under the terms of the re port, which .vould sharply limii the release of pretrial information by judges, lawyers and po licemen and would make news papers subject to contempt ac- ion for printing certain infor mation. Wright said: "We've had tv trouble with the reporting b. 1 our press. The press has Leer very cooperative." Tombstone Well To Be Redrillecl PHOENIX (AP) - Th: Basin Petroleum Corp. of Okla homa City was to begin redril! ing its well 12 miles southwes o f Tombstone today. The company was granted ; state drilling permit to re-entei its Cochise County well Monday The well has been inactive sinci it disclosed signs of gas and o: in 1956. PLIGHT OF THE WAVE OF WANDERERS By ROY McGHEE WASHINGTON (UPI) -Any day now, a civilian army wifl start breaking camp in southern winter quarters and head north to work the fields that produce America's food and fiber. First, vegetables and cotton will be planted in the southern latitudes from the Atlantic to the Pacific. As the spring season moves north, so will the army. By the beginning of harvest-time, midsummer in some areas, more than 1 million persons will be on the move. These are migrant workers and their families --foot soldiers of (he campaign to keep the nation fed and clothed. More (han .10 years ago, in 'Grapes Of Wrath' Would Need Only Feiv Changes In Modern Setting ''The Grapes of Wrath," John Steinbeck painted a shameful p o r t r a i t o f h o w America treated her migrants. They were at the very bottom of the economic heap; for the most part, their housing was miserable; sanitary facilities so rudimentary as to be unspeakable; education for their children practically nonexistent. Have conditions c h a n g e d materially since? Not noticeably. Here is what the Senate Subcommittee on Migratory Labor said in a special report just issued: "Despite their vital role in modern agriculture, particularly in filling the crucial needs at harvestimc, our migrant citizens have been grossly neglected by society. "More often than not, in addition to low living standards, the influx of migrants to supplement local labor forces creates problems in the areas of health, education, sanitation and housing which the community is not equipped to meet. "The statistics...indicating the low wages, unemployment, Jack of education, poor housing, malnutrition, disease and lack of adequate medical and dental care tell only part of the story of the shocking degree of impoverishment of the migrant." These workers, the report continued, have been "expressly excluded or at best only minimally included" in worker- benefit legislation, both federal and state. Cited were such things as unemployment insurance, workmen's compensation, Social Security insurance, genera] welfare assistance, minimum wage standards, child labor protection and coverage under the National Labor Relations Act. The Senate subcommittee found the migrant stream flowing from three sources. The main stream of Mexican- Americans, begins in Texas and flows north and west. It coders most of the north central, mountain and Pacific states. A smaller stream starts in the southeastern United States. After the winter citrus and vegetable harvest in Florida, it runs northward along the Atlantic coast lo New England. Negroes make up a large parl of this stream. The third major migratory route runs from Southern California up the Pacific coast. Many Mexican-Americans also are in this group. Both the Senate subcommittee and its House counterpart are considering bills to permit migrant and stationary farm workers to organize under auspices of the National Labor Relations Board. The measures have the Johnson Administration's backing. Grower organizations, including the politically powerful American Farm Bureau Federation bitterly oppose the legislation. also is trying lo better the living standards of migrant? through better housing. It plans to demonstrate its interest in ceremonies dedicating a housing project at Dimmitt, Tex., March 1. The year's first migrants will find ready in Dimmitt a new complex of 192 modern family apartments completed over the winter as a replacement for crude shacks and barracks. Dimmitt's Castro County agriculture housing project is a $966,820 development organized and built by a private nonprofit association of 37 farmers in the county surrounding the town and 25 business firms in Dimmitt. The Agriculture Department The Farmers Home Adminis- tration insured a private loan of $570.000, which will run 33 years. It gave the local association $337,380 to cover additional costs. Farmers themselves put up $9,440. "The apartments will rent for $12.50 to $15 a week-comparable to the $10 to $15 a week migrants have paid to live in disreputable huts and bunkhouses devoid of indoor plumbing or kitchens," the department said. Since Congress authorized the loan and grant program in 19G5, the FHA has insured loans totaling $8.744,610 and granted outright $4.984,760 for migrant housing to farmer associations. The money nas built 2,299 family units and dormitory space for 4,223 single workers. These projects are located in 23 of the 46 states which use migrant workers. But the bulk of the money --$10,798,460 --for both loans and grants --has gone to Florida and California. Michigan, one of the largest users of migrants, has put up only five housing units, with a 6,800 loan. In going over the FHA statistics, a senate subcommittee expert said those workers who will benefit wilt undoubtedly be grateful. But, he added, "the bulk of this year's migrants are going to have to live in the same old dilapidated, filthy housing. And the bulk of Uttin will continue to live like that unless they get bargaining power muscle.".
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