Independent from Long Beach, California on March 18, 1976 · Page 14
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Independent from Long Beach, California · Page 14

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Long Beach, California
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Thursday, March 18, 1976
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Page 14
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A-K-WDErENDEN1 (AM) PRfcS-lfcUUAM [PM) un,Be t i.,c.iii.,Ti«.r...M J ,ct.n.it? t To limit peaceful nuclear blasts U.S., Russia near accord in A-talks Deficit up in East Europe *? ; . By DAVID BINDER WASHINGTON -- High administration officials reported Wednesday t h a t Soviet and American negotiators were n e a r i n g completion of a treaty setting limits on peaceful nuclear explosions. They said a number of technical details had been resolved in negotiations that began in the autumn of 1974 and that fundamen- f ll agreement on the need r on-sile inspectors had .ilso been reached. 2 BUT THE officials said Several b a s i c i s s u e s in- -volvinK the duration of the j t r e a l y , m a g n i t u d e of "allowable explosions and lumber of inspectors rc- ^uired were still open. ·- The United Stales is Jioping to complete the treaty by March 31, when a complementary treaty limiting nuclear weapons- test explosions In a magtii- jude of ir0 kilolons -- the jjqpivalcnt of 150,000 tons of d y n a m i t e -- is to go into ·gffccl. * The weapons-test treaty ttds concluded by former President Nixon and Sovl- fil Communist Party lead- Sr Leonid I. Brezhnev in July 1374, and it included p provision for negotiating a' second pact covering so- j a l l o d peaceful nuclear implosions. £ A D M I N I S T R A T I O N jfficials said they were jmcerlciin w h e t h e r t h e Ayicl Union intended to meet the March 31 deadline. Hanking Soviet o f f i - jjajs have been pessimis- tjt; in s t a t e m e n t s to American newsmen here and in Moscow since early j!etiruary. , .Some American officials fcald this was part of the traditional Soviet negotiat- iog strategy, to "carry it Jo' t h e l a s t p o s s i b l e nMnutc." O t h e r s were Jnore skeptical. One said it i*as "75 per cent sure" the Deadline would be met and added: "f feel it in my Bones." Another s a i d It ^as more like Sft-Sfl. S o v i e t and American officials said they judged completion of the treaty package as an important indicator of how the Soviet U n i o n a n d t h e United States wished to proceed in their relations -- the more so in view of the current c o o l i n g of the administration t o w a r d many aspects of detente policy. ON TUESDAY the Stale Department a n n o u n c e d that it was deferring participation in Cabinet-level meetings with Soviet officials on three joint commissions d e a l i n g w i t h trade, housing and energy, EXCLUSIVE N.Y. TIMKS SKRVICE A department spokesman said the move was in response to t h e S o v i e t Union's action in providing large-scale m i l i t a r y support to Popular Movement forces in the Angola civil war. Bui Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger said at the same time that the United States should proceed in negotiating an agreement on l i m i t i n g strategic arms with the Soviet Union. BOTH NATIONS have continued t e s t i n g h i g h yield nuclear devices in what appears to be anticipation of the March 31 deadline, administration officials said. The United States has detonated n i n e n u c l e a r explosions in a range of ·100 to 000 kilolons since the beginning of the year, one official s a i d , while 16 were detonated last year. The Soviet Union has not tested any this year, according to the Energy R e s e a r c h a n d D e v e l o p - ment Administration, but tested 10 in 1975. Administration officials said Soviet tests last year and the year before far exceeded the magnitude of the American detonations, according to seismic monitoring of the tests. THERE IS also a lopsidedness in the area of peaceful explosions, t h e officials said, pointing out t h a t t h e United Slates ceased experimenting with a t o m i c e x p l o s i o n s f o r civilian p u r p o s e s a f t e r detonating t h r e e bombs . underground in Colorado ' in May 1973. '. The Soviet Union, on the other hand, has said it detonated nuclear devices for p e a c e f u l purposes several times hi the last three years in anticipation of using them for excavating underground natural- gas s t o r a g e reservoirs, extinguishing oil-field fires and perhaps diverting the course of major rivers. W h a t c o n c e r n s b o t h Soviet and American officials in the treaty negotia- t i o n is to agree on l a n - g u a g e t h a t w o u l d discourage ' c i t h e r side from using the so-called peaceful n u c l e a r e x p l o - sions to test large new atomic weapons. HOWEVER, American officials believe that only a few officials in the Soviet bureaucracy still want to proceed with peaceful nuclear explosions on a large scale. To make the pact on peaceful n u c l e a r e x p l o - sions t r u l y complementary to the weapons-test treaty, the a d m i n i s t r a t i o n believes, it should have the s a m e duration -- f i v e years -- and the same 150- kiloton limit. But this is s t i l l under negotiation, as is the question of when, where and how many on- sitc inspectors would work in applying the treaty. There has been sharp criticism of the treaty end e a v o r by A m e r i c a n representatives in w h a t (he administration calls " t h e arms-control c o m - munity" and also by some n o n a l i g n c d c o u n t r i e s , especially India. The critics hold that the envisaged treaty falls far short of a comprehensive test ban and may even ob- · struct efforts to achieve such a ban. In response, administration officials say the technical refinement of the controls foreseen in the weapons and peaceful nuclear explosion treaties is such that tho threshold could easily be lowered to d e a l w i t h d e t o n a t i o n s much smaller t h a n the 150-kiloton range -- and, in effect, to monitor a (Turn to Page A-15, Col. 0 step into straps GENEVA, Switzerland (AP) -- Western recession, a growing "grain g a p " and a 130 p e r c e n t Increase in the price of Sovi- Cushioned 'for comfort with a flexible v.cod-NliQ txrtlom - in CAMEL · WHITE · NAVY · RED. Buy all colors and save. » Jl«3 r u i r t IH VH STTU CC181 Innes S H O E S · LAKEWOOD · LOS CtRRITOS · SOUTH COAST CINTfR CENTK PLAZA 634-9420 845.9800 (7 U) 554-9379 et oil for Moscow's allies have combined to strain the economies of Communist Eastern Europe in 1975, according to a United Nations survey. . v The survey suggested^ that conditions are favora-" blc for a further growth in East-West t r a d e . 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