Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on April 13, 1976 · Page 4
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Tuesday, April 13, 1976
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.Hughes, Remains A Mystery In Death Editorial-Opinion Page The Public interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper Alden H. Spencer, Publisher and General Manager Floyd Carl Jr., Manas-ng Editor 4 · TUESDAY, APRIL 13, 1976 Headache Time Oh for a break from the annual ritual of filing income-tax returns! Those who havo already sat down to figure out their 1975 taxes have probably read the reminder on the front cover of this year's booklet: "At the time we printed the package, Congress was considering proposals to add or change several tax law provisions. If any changes.,. are enacted and apply to 1875, they must be takeri into account in computing 1975 income taxes." That little notice from Uncle Sam must have left citizens bewildered. The existing laws are complicated enough as it is. How can anyone be expected to keep up wilh the new ones? Actually, Ihe warning from the Internal Revenue Service is nothing to worry about. Congress did pass a tax-cut extension last December, but it . doesn't affect 1975 returns. To the average taxpayer, it seems as if Congress is always working on revising the tax code. "Our perennial promises of reform have a hollow ring by now," Sen. Edward M. Kennedy (D-Mass.) testified before the Sen- · ate Finance Committee in March. Last year, the House passed several lax reform pro- The Media visions as parl of its tax-cut bil!, but these measures were held up when Ihe Senate decided to vote only on the tax cut extension. It is doubtful that Congress will pass wide-ranging lax revisions this year. Some legislators fear that tax reform will be set aside again in June when the current lax cut expires and a new decision on extension will have to be made. In addition, Sen. Russell B. Long (D.-La.), chairman of the powerful Senate Finance Committee, has publicly slated his belief that the House tax-revision measures are too strong. However, Kennedy is working to extend the House bill and will try to block efforts to weaken it. All of this is probably no consolation to frustrated taxpayers hurrying to complete their income-tax returns before the April 15 deadline. This year's short form is even more complicated than last years', and the total package is larger. New questions have been added at the request of the Census Bureau and forms have been changed to account for the new earned-income cr.eciit and credit for personal exemptions. To many, the possibility of a less complicated tax system seems light years away. The Press Finds It's Hard To Win ; By MARY COSTELLO Editorial Research Reports WASHINGTON -- The press ." has been criticized for its presi- - denlial campaign coverage " since ihe'time.ot George Washington. This year is no excep- - tion. Indeed, the scrutiny of the news media -- both broadcast and print ----- may be only slighl- " - ly less intense than their scrut- -- .i'ny of the 1976 campaign. Many Americans ' see . newspapers. magazines, radio arid especially television as the primary power '·' brokers in politics. It is the media, critics assert, that decide , which , candidates are lo be t a k e n seriously, how much and what kind of atlen- . lion (hey receive, how their ' stands on the issues are p u b - licized and w h a t the early caucuses and primaries mean. The medium, as communications guru Marshall McLuhan proclaimed, is the message. One .. message that seems to be ,. coming across in this election - year is that the media attached too much importance to the early caucuses arid primaries. The coverage, it has been said, was not only extensive but excessive, IRONICALLY, some oE t h e criticism arises from Ihe ' media's attempts (o avoid Ihe scorn they were subjected to ' for errors of judgment a n d emphasis during the 1972 campaign. That year's political r e p o r t i n g stands accused, among other things, of underestimating the strength of George McGovern's candidacy until he toppled the favorite, Edmund S. iMuskie, for the Democratic nomination and of giving insufficient attention to President Nixon's bid for reelection. In tbe current issue of the .Columbia Journalism Review, news commentator Edwin Diamond summed up media efforts to improve this year's campaign coverage. "Since one oE the 'lessons' of 1972 was that Ihe press generally missed Ihe significance of Ihe early McGovern campaign, .one approach is to take all Ihe candidates seriously this time....Since the (Watergate! 'money' story was missed in 1972, a number ·of news organizations have assigned reporters la follow the fund-raising activities 1 of the candidates. And since the 'real' Richard Nixon w a s so hard to find in 1972. analyses oE the characters and personalities figure in Ihe coverage plans o f several organizations.... Fi na lly. several new organizations will be looking at the role of the press in tbe campaign." IX KEEPING w i t h the media's self - examination this year, political columnist D a v i d S. Brodcr paused in early April to assess not only the campaign but the job be and his colleagues had done reporting it. "We in journalism can claim no credit for what has happened this year -- nor need we shoulder much blame." he wrote. Moting occasions when voting did not reflect publicity or prophecy, he said: "So much for the power of the press." Olhers may regard Broder's a s s e s s m e n t a s extremely modest. Nevertheless there is considerable uncertainly about how and to what extent television, newspapers, radio and magazines influence t h e electoral process. The Social Science Research Council's Committee on Mass Communications and Political Behavior is conducting an extensive study to try lo find I lit; answers. In its proposals for the study, the committee noted: "Our understanding of media effects is imprecise and speculation Ear exceeds documentation." , "II is frequently said, for example, that television news has more influence on voters' Images of candidates than the newspaper, and thai the newspaper has more impact, on the By JACK A N D E R S O N With Les WhiUen WASHINGTON -- The aura bt mystery which surrounded Howard HugticS' while he was alive still lingers after his death. We have determined that the famous recluse, rich beyond comprehension, died of the symptoms of a neglected p a u per. He spent his last days in the penthouse of ori£ of Acapulco's most fashionable hotels. Yet he Jived in unbelievable f i l t h . He commanded a $2 billion financial empire. Yet he refused to let aides allcnd him, shunned human contact, neglcc- led his own physical needs. Mosl of the t i m e he was in a catatonic stupor. Last week, he turned up in Houston, . a "shriveled" and "emancialcd 11 corpse. Sources privy to bis condition say his frail, 90-pound body was dehydrated and covered with sores. The Internal Revenue Service has started an investigation to determine whether this shrunken h u l k of a man controlled his own affairs. There is evidence t h a t he may have been incompetent, and incapacitated. SHOULD THIS be established, the authorities will demand to know why a guardian wasn't appointed lo manage his affairs. Every last dolarl will be traced to determine whether his associates siphoned off any of his Fortune. In an attempt to unravel the 11oward Hugh.es mystcry, we have sent reporters to Acapulco, Houston and Los Angeles. We have spoken to every source we could f i n d who might, have had contact with Hughes. W£ have pieced together the portraits, strangely, ot two quite different Howard Hughes. The contrasting descriptions have been furnished, moreover, by equally reliable sources. The first Howard Hughes began lo emerge in I li o 1960s. Mosl of the time, he was rational, even brilliant. But he had irrational periods, which The Washington Merry-Go-Round elci ate How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO American Enka Corp, will -. build a new telephone and communications cable plant, at Sitoam Springs. A demonstration against U.S. policy in Southeast Asia erupted into a cursing, fisl-and-club ·.' swinging melee Tuesday night t in Berkeley, Calif. A grant of $68,479 has been approved for a Day Care Center · for 200 preschool children of seasonal agricultural workers in the Springdale area. i; 50 YEARS AGO The Ozark t e r r i t o r y along the lines of the St. Louis-San F r a n ' cisco R a i l w a y Co. will produce the largest and finc.it crop of strawberries in 1926 ever grown in the region. A total of 4.613 books have been borrowed from (he City Library since Jan. 1. Public schools in Fayetlevilla will be closed Thursday for the Northwest Arkansas Apple Btossom Festival. 100 YEARS AGO A merchant of this counly doing business on the M a i n Fork of the WhKe River was arrested last Monday on a charge o! selling svhistcy u i l t i out paying Ihe government for the privilege. Named lo the Washington County Grand Jury list are Andrew Reed, James Cooper, Allen Beller and W.C. Braly. They'll Do It Every Time AhWTHEZ flN Or G2OMNG OLD ALL THESE YEWS SQJATWEU. LET HB WIFE OPEN Atl' SHUT THE (5ARAGE COCO. 8V ELECTRO POOR? tAY BACX V/EHT CXJT OH ME I CAN'T OPEM IT LIKE I USED TO HE CAN SET ONE OtEAPER THAT ONLY V/OSK-SFORHIM! VOO NEED THE DELUXE MA6IC. BOOM-DOOR began (o last longer and longer. He a I s o developed a strange phobia against microbes, Once, he contemplated purchasing a house in the Los Angeles area. He ordered his security forces to seal off six prospective homos, permitting no one, not even t h c owners, ID enter. Not until these houses had been free of human contamination for three months would Hughes inspect them. By 1964, his aides already had started to worry about his mental and physical deterioration. Sometimes, they couldn't gel him to sign papers that, were vital to his own interests. In a sworn statement, former aide Robert Mahcu has told a b o u t ' discussing the problem with Hughes' chief of staff, "FRANK W. GAY discussed Del Air Hotel. "FRANK W. GAY discussed with attorney -Edward Morgan of Washington, D.C., and myself the advisability of initialing a plan whereby effectual control of the Hughes Tool Company might be worked out by a very selective .group of a few individuals," Mahcu attests, "in.Uv? event certain physical or mental problems should arise insofar as Mr, Hughes was concerned." Gay slated, according to Maheu, "that he feared Mr. Hughes' mental condition might cause him to crack up at. any moment and he wanted to be in a position so as to lake advantage of such an eventuality." Morgan recalled the dis- · cussion but not in any "sinister context." According to Morgan's recollection, Gay wanted to protect Hughes from himself- anrl ; nM» r c stable management of his interests. Not lonj; afterward, the eccentric billionaire disappeared into a Las Vegas-penthouse. He woutd permit ,no one to come near him nor to clean his immediate surroundings. Thus the man who (ear^d germs was soon wallowing in his own lillh. WITNESSES REPORT t h a t Hughes became "an emaciated invalid with while hair c l o w n to his shoulders, shaggy eyebrows, a straggly beard and grotesquely long fingernails and Icpnails." Dr. Harold L, Feikes, who was summoned to the penthouse to give Hughes blood trans- fu s i o ns in · October 1974, reported to the sheriff that ljughes was in a catatonic slat* wilh a dangerously low, hemoglobin count. Yet the following month, the phantom billionaire vanished from Las Vegas. He was reported thereafter to be lodged in a series of penthouses in Nassau, Managua, Vancouver, London and Acapulco. On Feb'. 17, 1972, Hugtyu was hauled aboard a boat in the Bahamas in ' a stretcher-like wheelchair. The skipper, Bob Rebak. said Hughes had hair down to his shoulders, a stringy beard and yellowed, curling toenails about two inches long. Other witnesses have given similar descriptions. ; Yet astonishingly, a different Howard Huchcs was seen by reputable witnesses during this same period. U.S. ambassador Turner Shelton, invited to meet · Hughes aboard his executive Jet. described him as "about' sis feet, three inches tall, very Ihin, weighing from HO-150 pounds, graying hair and neatly t r i m m e d V a n Dyke-type beard." , APPARENTLY Uin s a m e trim, distinguished man witb Ihe Van Dyke beard was seen in London by Nevada's Gov. Mike O'Callaghan and Gaming Board Chairman Phil Hanniflin, They had made a.detailed study of Hughes, s o - t h e y , wouUL.be sure thev were dealing directly wilh him. He answered every question with precise accuracy, rr-calling obscure, trivial details from his past. "WE DON'T WlKP YOU* CETTlNd A HEW WJCHP06 AS iSfe HE'S JUST UKETtllS ONE* the committe added. "But this has nol been fully demonstrated. It is also widely believed...that televised polilical advertising has greater impact nn people who are less interested and involved in politics.... But this relationship also has not been f u l l y examined." THE STUDY will doubtless provide a great deal of information on how the various media cover and influence presidential campaigns. Its recommendations, even if adopted, arc unlikely lo stem, the crilicism of media political c ov er age, howc ver. It is in - slructlve that efforts to make amends for 1972 have led to. a new round of criticism this y ea r. Some criticism is surely a reflection of the tension that necessarily exists in a democracy between the polilican and t h e press. But in recent years, Ihe volume of this criticism bas incerased almost in direct proportion Eo the public's perception of the news media's -particularly television's -enlarged role in the political process. Bible Verse "And the Lord hath d o n a lo him, as he spake by me: for the Lord hath rent the kingdom out of thine band, and given it lo thy neighbour, even to -David: because thou obey- edst not the voice of the Lord, nor exccutedsl his fierce wrath upon Amalek, therefore hath th« Lord done this thing unto thee this day." 1 Samuel 23:17, 18 Anytime we get too busy lo listen, or too big lo obey, the Lord always has someone in the waiting. "And that he was buried, and that he rose a-gain the third day according to the scriptures: and that be was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve: After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once: of whom the greater part r e m a i n onto this present, hut some are f a t t e n asleep. Attcr that, he was seen ot James; then of all the apostles. And last of all he was ssen of me also, as of one out ot due time." Corinthians 15:-l-8 Thank God for Ihe resurrection I Jesus said, "Because J live, ye shall live also," "Bring ye all the tithes inlo the storehouse, that there may he meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, sallh the Lord ot hosts, it I will nol open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it. 1 ' Malachi 3:10 If you are having a problem making ends meet, God's challenge of the tithe and prove Him. He invitees you to do it... and once you start paying the tithes which is one lonEh of your income, you will want to see how much nol how lillle you can give. God Mess yon as you prove Him and He will in Jesus' name. Amen, Joseph Plu.mm.er Tariff Proposals Disappoint Europe This second Hughes was clean, alert, affable. He shook hands f i r m l y , with no apparent, Icar of human contact. Was lys the same man, with unkept hair and tocnails, who had become a hermit in his own luxurious penthouse? Or was he a double, who had.been empfully coached on Hughes 1 background? We have established this much, In the 1960s, a . m o v i e actor named Brooks - Randall was hired occasionally to impersonate Hughes. This began as a ruse to deceive process servers. We have been unable, however, to locate Randall, who was last reported in Colorado. (C) United Feature Syndicate, Inc. GENEVA -- An election year usually inhibits an American President from taking bold initiatives in foreign affairs. and 1976 appears fo be no exception. At any rate, disappointment has been the Western European a n d Third W o r l d reaction so far to the I o n g- awa it ed prop osals the Un ited Stales made here last month for tariff reductions under auspices of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). The U.S. proposal called tor a 60 per cent "linear" reduction of all tariffs above 7 per cent --including those an agricultural products. Negotiators representing t h e E u r o p e a n Common Market had let it be known that they favor i "harmonization," by which the highest t ar if Is would be cut the most. And they oppose any alteration of the Common Market's protectionist agricul- t u r a l policy. If the Europeans were disappointed by the U.S. position, tbcy were not stir- prised. At a recent closed door strategy session here, Common Market officials were told hy one of their members that it would he "very difficult" fo Ihe Ford administration to commit itself lo change in U.S. Irarte law. Indeed, American officials bave been insisting lhat concern about U.S, laws on "crumping" and countervailing duties have been exaggerated. T H E EUROPEANS t h i n k otherwise. In their view, the Trade Act of 1074 unilaterally altered international trading nil e s lhat we re subj ect t o multilateral negotiation. "We're absolutely persuaded that t h e U.S. legislation is not in line with GATT, and we're reasonably persuaded that U.S. practice is not in line," a Common Market represent ativs said. Because of a grandfather clause, GATT requirements for proof of substantial injury from imports do not bind the United States in its investigation of complaints against Foreign products alleged lo have been dumped or subsidized in Ihe American market. The Ford administration maintains that enforcement of antidumping measures and countervailing t a r i f f s is within the spirit of GATT. M e mb es of Cong ress have been receiving regular briefings throughout t h e confidential GATT negotiations, since all DRAWN UP in 1947. GATT barriers -- export subsidies. safety standards, packaging regulations, and the like -- will rerni're c o n g r e s s i o n a l ratification. Thus, ihs ad- mmi.slralion is expected lo b wary of any changes in U.S. trade practice that could create election issues. DRAWN UP In 1H7, GATT is a multilateral trade agreement lhat has become t h e world's principal legal instrument governing international commerce. The current "Tokyo Round" of negotiations, originally scheduled to end in 1975, will be the longest in GATT's hislory. Although the differences between the United Slates and the Common Market are among the most important issues facing negotiators here, other problems also cry out for attention. The less - developed countries are looking lo GATT for ways of opening up markets for their p r o d u c t s . Japan, heavily dependent on imported raw materials, wants safeguards against discriminatory licensing requirements. The hope her* is Ihat GATT after 29 years, is. still strong enough to restrain the pressures against more liberalized trade which have been generated hy Ihe recession, monetary instability, (he new power of cartels, and the mounting debt of the less developed countries, At slake is a volume of international trade t h a t j last year was valued at $731 billion. Editorial Research Report* Froiii The Readers Viewpoint i Labor View . Editor's note: The following letter takes the form of an open letter to Bill Clinton, a.Demo- era tic candidate for attorney general. To the Editor: I was shocked to learn .lhat .you. Mr. Clinton, had "serious reservations" about the Rights of Labor Amendment. Your reasoning was even more dis- Iressing. Do you rcully belicvo that Arkansas must entice industry into .Arkansas at the expense of denying labor and management the right to negotiate a union shop contract? There Is no question that the industry you would invite In Arkansas would be attracted by the starvation wages many Arkansans are forced to work for. [I 1 he effect of the so called "Righl-to-Work" Law in Arkansas is clear. In 1947 when it went into effect Arkansas uus 57 cents an hour below the national average. Today wc'are 51.18 an hour below the national average. Willioul question, there is a casual relationship between the existence of a so called "RighUo-Work" Law and low wages. Compulsory open shops make for weak unions and weak unions make for low wages and a low standard of living. The result of Ihis law has left Arkansas 48lh in per capita income : You claim that the compulsory open shop law must be retained to provide jabs during this unstable economic year. Even if you believe t h a t a lo wslandard of l i v i n g . f o r A r k a n s a s is not a hrgh price to "pay for a b u n d a n t jobs,' I challenge you Eo show me how the unemployment rates in compulsory open shop stales are lower lhan those in union shop stales. The truth of the matter is tlrtit industry attracted lo slates where wages arc repressed by compulsory open shop laws is not worth having. The sweat shops that you believe we need in Arkansas begrudgingiy pay their employes the minimum wage and exploit nur natural resources. Do you know what such sweat shops leave behind? They leave behind used-up and cast-aside people who never made enough money to be able lo save a little for retirement. - They leave behind once-proud people, who must swallow their pride and accept welfare to keep from starving. If in the future you realize that the so called "Right-to- Work" Law was failing to .at- tracl enough industry to Arkansas would you attempt to attract that same industry by supporting would eli wage laws? As you know, sweat shop industries (hat they ,,are nol making as much profit aa possible are relocating in Taiwan where workers are paid 25 cents an hour. Would y o u entice those sums industries back to the United States hy allowing Arkansans to work for 15 cents an hour? The comparison between this and your "Right-to-Work" position m a y seem extreme but the principal is exactly the same. 1 am writing this leller not only for myself bul also for all the union members who live within the jurisdiction o f . tha N.W. Arkansas Labor CouEicil. I am writing Ihis letter for friends who work hard JO hours per week and still must accept food stamps to feed their children. I am writing this letter for our poor working people who you would sacrifice to tbe indignity and impossibility 'of supporting a family on $2.10 an hour. that same industry by ting legislation which eliminate o u r minimum A s you m ovc fro m your "severe reservations 11 position to a concrete stand on the Righls of Labor Amendment remember trmt you are dealing with real working people who must feed children with very real stomachs. T think it is only fair to tell you lhat when you lake a stand against the Rights of Labor Amcmljncnt you have unsheathed your knife and held it to the throat oE org*drm,ed labor. You cannot be against the Rights ot Labor A m e n d m e n t and! lor the working people of Arkansas, Conisder the importance of tbe decision you Ere about lo make. Mark L. Martin. President NWA Ubor Council FayftUeville

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