Page 6 Pharos-Tribune, Logansport, Indiana, Wednesday, March 16, 1988 Democratic Race More Open Simon keeps campaign alive with victory WASHINGTON (AP) - The five Democratic presidential contenders all made it out of Illinois alive, with Jesse Jackson declaring today that "Illinois voters were quite generous to both favorite sons" and Paul Simon claiming momentum for the primaries still to come. Simon's victory over Jackson has rendered talk of a nationwide Democratic frontrunner meaningless and given new boost to discussion of a brokered national convention next summer. Both Simon and Jackson said today that they would participate if Democratic Chairman Paul Kirk called a summit to close ranks behind a probable nominee if no one emerged from the primaries with enough delegates to win. But Simon said on ABC, "I am not optimistic that it will provide answers." He said that after his victory in Illinois, "I think I'm going to do well" in the contests yet to come. Jackson, appearing on NBC, acknowledged that Simon was "back in the race." "The field is wide open," said Massachusetts Gov. Michael Dukakis, the national leader in delegates but a third-place finisher in Illinois. "We're about halfway home. All sorts of things can happen," New York Gov. Mario Cuomo, a non-candidate, said Tuesday night in an interview on ABC's "Nightline." Illinois marked a turning point in the nominating calendar, out of the South and into the Northern and Midwestern states. After Michigan's caucuses on Saturday (138 delegates), Connecticut, Wisconsin (81), New York (255) and Pennsylvania (178) all cast their votes in primaries over a six- week period. Winners and losers alike hailed the results .of Tuesday's primary that gave Simon the gift of political life and elevated Associated Press Sen. Paul Simon waves victory speech Tuesday nighti fellow-favorite son Jackson to within a few votes of wresting the national delegate lead from Dukakis. Dukakis, however, is expecting to reap some 100 delegates from uncounted caucuses already held in Minnesota, Texas and Washington state. "This is a new beginning for the Paul Simon candidacy," said the senator as he celebrated his triumph. "I intend to do well in succeeding states." "I think I will do respectably well in Michigan, then in Wisconsin and New York I think I will do very well." In a dig at Dukakis, he said the Massachusetts governor "spent more than $500,000 and didn't wind up with a single delegate." Simon has his own vulnerability of course; he couldn't win next- door Iowa and bypassed the entire South and more on Super Tuesday. Jackson said, "I finished second, it seems in Illinois." But he took a look at the overall popular vote for the states to hold primaries and caucuses thus far and said, "I'm a winner. I am the leading contender for the Democratic nomination. I am where every candidate wishes he could be tonight," Jackson is hoping to maneuver around Detroit Mayor Coleman Young — one of the few prominent black officials to endorse Dukakis or any other non- Jackson Democrat — to build his Michigan support. Dukakis, the leader in delegates nationwide, finished a distant third in Illinois. He failed in a $250,000 advertising campaign designed to siphon off enough of Simon's white support to drop the Illinois senator into second place and force his withdrawal from the campaign. "I don't get disappointed," Dukakis said. "We did what I characterize as a respectable third." He added, "Now we move on to Michigan where there are no favorite sons.'' The Massachusetts governor has several dozen staff aides in Michigan, and is counting on the friendship of Gov. James Blanchard, Mayor Coleman Young and former United Auto Workers union president Douglas Fraser to aid his cause. Albert Gore Jr. finished fourth in Illinois, and aides said despite his strong Super Tuesday showing a week ago, he has yet to decide where to concentrate his efforts in the North and Midwest. "The outcome means that this race is even more wide open than ever before," said the Tennessee senator. Rep. Richard Gephardt of Missouri was last in Illinois and went to bed without talking to reporters. But he was first on the air with television commercials in Michigan in what aides said was a make-or-break contest for him. Gephardt hopes his appeal for tougher trade policies will appeal to the state's large unionized automobile labor force and is counting on picking up agricultural support as well. The results in Illinois seemed unlikely to do what other contests have done — winnow the field. Simon was certain to quit if he hadn't won his home state, and his survival and continued appeal for the liberal and labor vote poses a major problem for Dukakis in the states ahead. Exit Polls Reveal Possible Bush Chinks NEW YORK (AP) - Even as George Bush rolled up a victory in the Republican primary in Illinois, exit polls indicated "little chinks in his armor" that could bedevil him in the general election, analysts say. Bush on Tuesday overwhelmed Sen. Bob Dole in virtually all ideological and demographic groups of the Republican electorate, cementing his huge lead in the GOP race. "It's a blowout," said ABC News poll analyst Doug Muzzio. Results were far less clear on the Democratic side, where Sen. Paul Simon cashed in on his favorite-son status and Jesse Jackson rode another huge wave of black support to finish first and second respectively in their home state. While Bush swamped his Republican opponents, his ratings on leadership and toughness were weaker than may be expected from a prohibitive front-runner, said NBC News poll analyst Sheldon Gawiser. Additionally, Bush failed to win the independents who voted in the GOP primary. "If Bush is going to win the general election, he's got to start attracting independent voters," said CBS News poll chief Warren Mitofsky. The results did not foreshadow problems for Bush within the GOP; he even won among former television evangelist Pat Robertson's natural supporters, born-again Christians and voters concerned about so-called "morality issues." But among the 23 percent of Republicans who said leadership was a key issue, Dole and Bush split the vote, ABC found. "A prohibitive front-runner should be showing some leadership, particularly given the fact that he holds the second- highest office in the land," Muzzio said. In NBC's poll, 55 percent of ELECTION 38 Illinois primary March 15, 1988 ~" DEMOCRATS Candida* BafbbW Dukakis Gephardt Gore Hart Jackson Simon Uncommitted Vol« 0% 17% 2% 5% 1% 32% 42% Ocfc 0 0 0 1 0 37 136 0 87% o( p«»c»»c»» reporting REPUBLICANS Candidate Bush Dote duPont Hatg Kemp Robertson Uncommitted Vot« 54% 36% 1% 0% 2% 7% 0* 64 18 0 0 0 0 0 S4% o4 pfltcincts reporting GOP voters said Bush was tough enough to be a good president, but 24 percent said he was not and 21 percent were not sure. The 55 percent was "a pretty small number," considering that it came among Republican primary voters, said Gawiser. Thirty 30 percent of Republicans told NBC that Bush would be a very strong leader, 42 percent said he would be somewhat strong, 16 percent said not very strong, 6 percent said not at all strong and 6 percent didn't know. Again, "That's not a terrific standing among Republican primary voters," Gawiser said. In another measure, a plurality of Republican voters, 41 percent, said Bush had not fully disclosed his knowledge of the Iran-Contra affair, while 32 percent said he had and 21 percent were not sure, NBC found. Bush Appealing To More People Associated Press Jesse Jackson (L), wife Jacqueline greet crowd Home-State Primary Ends Jackson's Streak Associated Press Jesse Jackson's best week in the 1988 campaign brought seven victories in seven days, but his streak ended with a disappointing second-place finish in Illinois that highlighted the obstacles he faces in the big-state primaries to come. The preacher-turned-politician said proudly Tuesday night that he has won more votes in the primaries thus far than any other Democratic presidential candidate. And he is locked in a tight race with Massachusetts Gov. Michael Dukakis for the lead in the delegate count. "I'm running No. 1 in popular votes and in delegate votes," Jackson said after the Illinois results were known Tuesday, overstating the delegate situation a bit. "Illinois has been good to two favorite sons today. It has also given me the lead for the party." Sen. Paul Simon of Illinois easily won the primary. "If I have the most Democratic votes and I have the most delegates, I will be the nominee. That is my preoccupation," Jackson declared. Taking a third of the popular vote in Illinois, Jackson was close to amassing 3 million votes in the first 20 primaries of 1988. Before the home-state primary, he had trailed Massachusetts Gov. Michael Dukakis slightly in total primary votes, 2.61 million to 2.57 million. Dukakis was winning less than 20 percent of the vote in Illinois, boosting his total to just over 2.8 million votes. In delegates before the Illinois returns, Dukakis held the lead over Jackson, but his margin was almost wiped out by the Illinois returns. Dukakis was being shut out in the direct election of delegates in Illinois. Jackson has proven that he can win votes, And on Super Tuesday he proved he can win state primaries, taking the top spot in Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi and Virginia. Later in the week he won the caucuses in South Carolina and, surprisingly Alaska. The calendar now forces him to prove again that he can win primary victories, this time in states not nearly as friendly to his hopes as those in the past week. Jackson's showing in his home state of Illinois on Tuesday illustrates his problem. He swept the black vote in Chicago and added less than 10 percent of the white vote to put together a second-place finish to fellow favorite son Simon. An AP News Analysis By WALTER R. MEARS Assoeia ted Press It seems there are people out there who actually want George Bush to become president of the United States. That novel notion may explain why the primary election count is now Bush 20, Sen. Bob Dole 1. That simplest of explanations is about the only one that has not been advanced by the political sages during the remarkable month-long string of victories that leaves Bush the all-but- certain GOP nominee. More popular explanations for Bush's lopsided success run this way: As vice president, he has the benefits of President Reagan's popularity. His organization is strong, Dole's is weak. He has the biggest campaign bankroll by far. He has had the support of governors in key states: New Hampshire, South Carolina, Illinois. Each of those factors certainly helped. In addition, the trappings and status of the vice presidency have so far served Bush well, overcoming the disadvantage No. 2 men always have had in running for the top job — they can't argue with the boss and they must defend what's already in place. But all those elements combined could not produce the kind of landslides Bush has been gaining unless the vice president had a constituency to call his own, and was strengthening it. Associated Press George Bush (R), Illinois Gov. Thompson celebrate win Just a month ago today, Bush won his first significant victory in New Hampshire. On Tuesday, he trounced Dole, the most credible rival still standing, in the Illinois primary. Since opening day in Iowa, Dole has won just one primary — in South Dakota — and caucuses in Minnesota and his home state of Kansas. The total popular vote in the 21 GOP primaries held so far this year is Bush 3.3 million, Dole 1.6 million. Bush already has 772 of the 1,139 delegates needed to win the GOP nomination in New Orleans next Aug. 17. Dole has 180. All of that has wiped away the memory of embarrassment in Iowa, where Bush ran third to Dole and the rapidly vanishing Pat Robertson, and of the week he then spent on the political critical list. Since then he has been winning big, with only minor setbacks. Dole complains that the primaries are ending up as a referendum on Reagan, not a contest with Bush. "If I hit him directly, I get Ronald Reagan first and then they say, oh, oh, he's out there attacking Ronald Reagan," the Kansas senator said. "It's pretty hard to reach Bush except by phone." He found plenty to hit Bush with earlier in the contest, and he still taunts the vice president as a man who got where he is "without ever doing much." He also calls him a loser. "Sooner or later, the voters in one of these states are going to say 'Hold it, we're about to nominate a candidate who can't win,'" Dole said after losing 16 primaries to Bush on Super Tuesday. But recent polls conducted for USA Today, Time and Newsweek show Bush leading potential Democratic nominees. Besides, at this point no one can say who's a likely winner in the fall. The tickets aren't known, the issues aren't set, and the odds are subject to wide swings. In fact, the pollsters said Bush trailed several of the potential Democratic nominees just before his Super Tuesday sweep. The Dole camp has not managed to zero in on a state likely to reverse the trend; in contests over the next month the polls point to Bush. Accepting defeat in Illinois, which he had said would be his comeback state, Dole said he would keep campaigning. "We're just going to hang in there," Dole said. In Washington, the pundits thought Dole was waiting to see if any of the upcoming Iran-Contra indictments might reflect badly on the vice president. But against a runaway delegate leader, Dole doesn't have much else to hang in for. nor does he have a limitless bankroll with which to do it. Byrne Loses Again; Michel To Face Archrival CHICAGO (AP) — Voters in the Illinois primary stopped a political comeback by former Chicago Mayor Jane Byrne and set up a congressional rematch between House Minority Leader Bob Michel and his 1982 challenger. Mrs. Byrne lost her race Tuesday for the Democratic nomination for clerk of the circuit court in Cook County to Aurelia Pucinski, who was endorsed by the county party organization. With 92 percent of the vote in, Mrs. Byrne trailed Mrs. Pucinski 53 percent to 38 percent. "It means that when the people spoke, they apparently shouted. ... I am very good at. taking hints," said Mrs. Byrne, loser of two previous bids to regain the mayor's office she lost in 1983 to Harold Washington. Asked whether she would consider running for office again, she said, "I'm not even thinking of it right now.'' Edward Vrdolyak, a former Democratic power broker who left the party, was unopposed on the Republican side and will face Mrs. Pucinski in November. The highlight of Illinois' 22 congressional district races Tuesday was in Peoria where House Minority Leader Bob Michel crushed his first primary opponent in 32 years to set up a November rematch with attorney G. Douglas Stephens, the Democrat who almost unseated him in a bitter 1982 race. Southern Illinois Democrats chose a nominee who never finished college and doesn't hold a law degree for an Illinois Supreme Court vacancy. Appellate Justice Horace Calvo of Glen Carbon, who attended college and law school but never earned a degree, won the nomination with 34 percent of the 49,817 votes cast. Chicago voters in precincts around Wrigley Field, the only major league stadium without night baseball, voted three-to-one in a non-binding referendum against the City Council's decision to add lights to the historic home of the Cubs. In a citywide non-binding referendum, voters advised against sending Illinois National Guard troops to train in Central America. Michel, President Reagan's point man in Congress, easily defeated Tazewell County Board chairman James E. Unsicker. With 96 percent of the votes counted, Michel had 86 percent to Unsicker's 14 percent.
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