Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona on May 12, 1967 · Page 24
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Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona · Page 24

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Friday, May 12, 1967
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Tucson Uailfl (Jitircn ESTABLISHED 187* Published Every Afternoon Except Sunday MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS HOLMES ALEXANDER 'No-Wirf Aspect Of Moon Race PUBLISHED BY THE CITIZEN PUBLISHING CO. Mail Address: Box 5027 Telephone: 822-5855 FRIDAY. MAY 12. 1967 PAGE 24 Look Deeper Tucson's United Community Campaign has made a great deal of progress. Just a few years ago, statistical indices showed this city lagging well behind others, but the Tucson UCC is now doing a fund-raising job "slightly above average." That appraisal is based on an administrative review conducted this spring by Lowell F. Turner of the United Community Funds and Councils of America. Mr. Turner deserves at least a share of the credit -for the improvement in UCC. He came to Tucson a few years ago, studied the fund-raising operation and prepared a report with a number of basic recommendations. One of his points -- a good one -- was that UCC should regard itself as an organization of givers rather than representatives of welfare agencies. This concept and others in the original Turner report have helped give the UCC organization a broader base in the com- "munity and have helped bring a greater number of outstanding community leaders into UCC work. It's nice to know that the changes have borne fruit -- as evidenced by the statistical improvement discovered in Mr. Turner's recent administrative review. Something important, however, was ignored during that review -- or at least didn't find its way into the report. There is no comparison of fund-raising costs in different cities. What we are being given now by Mr. Turner is a statistical comparison of Tucson and other cities insofar as (1) what people are giving to UCC and (2) how UCC is distributing funds to agencies. x · How do these cities compare in what they spend to "run their UCCs and raise their funds? The givers are /entitled to know, and the collectors can maintain public "confidence by revealing the facts. Air Museum "· ' Progress ' might seem slow, but .the proposed air museum for Tucson actually has made considerable lieadway since it was first suggested a year ago. Consider these major steps: .! -- The Department of Defense has endorsed the museum concept and will cooperate fully in its establish- i ment. ·· -- Civic leaders have proclaimed their approval and ··many of them have served on a steering committee engaged in the tentative planning of the project. -- - The Pima County Board of Supervisors has given the project official approval. Last week, the board "named a 6-man citizens' committee to establish an air touseum. The latter step is quite important. It means the committee officially can make use of the technical knowledge and studies of various county officials. ' . : - . - · Two additional basic steps have to be taken before the establishment of a museum can be effected. First, a ".Vehicle to finance the museum must be set up. This ve- 'hicle undoubtedly would be a nonprofit air museum foundation. Second, a site must be selected. Once these necessary steps are taken the citizens' committee can move ahead and complete the historical ·project. Business Help · President Johnson has a secret State Department report aimed at stimulating business on both sides of 'the border between the United States and Mexico. There's a great deal of speculation about that secret report. It might contain a recommendation that the amount of Mexican liquor a person can bring into the U.S. duty free be increased from a quart to a gallon. Such a change, from the standpoint of many a border merchant, literally would bring back the "good old days." They have felt the pinch since the quota was reduced to a quart a couple of years ago. A return to the more generous quota also would be an additional stimulant to the tourist trade in Arizona. : Other than Arizonans, there may not be many Americans pushing for such a change. But the Mexicans .want it, and there's a growing belief that President ·Johnson will make the report public and recommend congressional action when Mexico's President Gustavo Diaz Ordaz visits Washington this fall. DENNIS THE MENACE WASHINGTON -- There never was such a parado: 'cal contest as the Moon Race. We are not trying to "win it" in the ordinary sense. We are trying to make the Russians stop behaving like Russians. Only if we fail in this primary objective, do we turn to the second objective, which is the popularly accepted and intensely advertised one called "getting there first." It has taken a newcomer to the Senate, Edward Brooke (R., Mass.) to straighten these priorities out. Brooke is a lawyer, the former attorney general of his state, and he tells me he intends to bone up on the scientific and financial aspects of his new job as member of the Senate Aeronautics and Space Committee by visiting the flight centers- and laboratories. Meanwhile, however, it was Brooke's skill as a cross-examiner of NASA Administrator James Webb which brought out the astonishing fact that we would rather de-Russify the Russians than defeat them in the Moon Dash. Brooke asked WeJb to explain the "danger" of failure in the lunar program, and Webb contrasted the USA and USSR as Moon Racers. The USA: "The image we are giving to the world is that we will use this technology together with them (the world's peoples) to have power together." The USSR: "The Russians are giving the image that they want tht power over ihem (the world's people) to require others to do what they (the Russians) want." When Brooke asked if Webb would be willing to "join the Russians," Webb said that he would -- but only if the Russians would surrender "the power to withhold some area of development which world' in fact, then destroy the ability to move forward with the whole (world)." In d i f f e r e n t words we would considf" ourselves satisfied if only the Russians would stop behaving the · ay they do. This interpretation of the meaning of the Moon Race, it seems to me, puts the contest into the category of diplomacy. The huge endeavor to land our Astronauts on the moon becomes essentially the same as our endeavors to talk the Russians into disarmament, into being peace - brokers in Vietnam, into being political chums at the United Nations, i n t o being friendly traders and earnest partners for the advancement of universal health and happiness. To repeat, only' if we fail to form a co-op in lunar activities, do we care whether or not we reach the moon ahead of the Communist Cosmonauts. There is, of course, almost no hope by Administrator Webb or anybody else in authority that the USSR will do what we wish. But every now and then, we do something which is intended to trap them into brotherly relations. One almost-unnoticed example of this is shown in Article X of the Space Treaty, lately ratified by the Senate. Article X promises a "basis of equality" in obtaining worldwide tracking stations which the USSR very much de--sires for its Space programs. In ·the fuzzy language of the Treaty, "equality" could mean that Russia can demand tracking stations in Australia, South Africa and wherever else that we have them. Or the "equality" clause could also mean (and this is what NASA says it means) that Russians would have to give up secrecy (stop behaving like Russians) if they want any overseas tracking stations. It is a strange sort of comne- tition on our part, and yet a familiar one, too. For like so many of our policies toward Communism, this one contains a furtive factor of "no - win," a preference for negotiation, a substitute for victory, a yen to accommodate. Unfortunately, these sentiments are not shared by our Communist rival, which puts us at considerable disadvantage. Copyright 1947 BRIG. GEN. FRANK HOWLEY African Nations Are Born, Torn While we Americans are focusing our eyes only on Asia, new nations are being born and torn in Africa with our consent. The latest is Swaziland which has had an election and will be completely independent from Britain in two years. Meanwhile, the new-born nation of 300,000 is beginning the usual process of tearing itself apart. Number I chief has made hiiriself king with all 24 seats in the new parliament his. The op^ position leader is screaming "foul" to the Organization of African Unity and will probably do his best to seize power away from the king and his one - party rule. Swaziland isn't of much concern to us but it serves as a . reminder that independence to African nations is not necessarily the sure, quick road to freedoms of speech, worship, want and freedom from fear. One nation after another (the score is 10 so far) has been born prematurely and then torn apart by greed, ambition, incompetence and the inescapable facts of life. Basically, the new leadership SIDNEY HARRIS has promised too much too fast. Complicating the progress, even. where there is some, is the lack of ability of the new leaders. Many of them got away with big talk while skilled British, French and Belgian iimnisra- tors were in control. As soon as they left chaos, or something like it, developed. When Ghana was granted independence I talked to President" Kwame Nkrumah. He boasted that he would change the people in what sounded-like one big jump. The Ashanti, a war - like tribe of the interior, was to be crushed. No more tribal and chieftain loyalties were t'o be allowed. Each person was to belong directly to the state. As he talked to me at the capital, Accra, that day I felt like saying, "Says you." I've known Ashanti. No one pushes them about. In 1824 the British tried. They sent Sir Charles McCarthy with a small force to let the Ashanti tribes know who was boss of the Gold Coast. The Ashanti made a drinking cup out of his skull. Nkrumah's i n t e n t i o n w a s good. Having gotten independence, he aimed to eliminate tri- bal chiefs, push democracy, educate children, bring in industry and trade unions, substitute the ballot box for the tribal councils. What he refused to recognize is that the people didn't want to change. Century-old traditions and customs have deep roots. How he failed is common knowledge. Setting himself up as "The Redeemer" in an autocracy forced some progress in showy schools, apartments, airplanes and yachts but then came the first revolt and a new group was in. That group tried until another revolt tore the country. Now, in the spring of 1967, a littlu progress is being made in modernizing the people of Ghana, but Ghana, as most of the other newborn nations of Africa, will .continue to be torn by rivalries and unfulfilled hopes. The United States government is learning to stop listening to wishful advice from incompetent African advisors in the UN ind it is particularly important that it ignore Soviet efforts to create in Africa the types of revolutionary chaos from which they hope to collect the pieces. Copyright 19*7 None Can Afford A Major War PtE OR A WORM MUO Pl£? * Along with almost everything else in 20th century society, the character of war has changed drastically in our time. A few responsible people in public life recognize this change, but the great mass still regard war as it existed before the advent of the atomic bomb. In the past, for instance, news of the conflict between Russia and China would have filled us with joy. Our enemies were quarreling between themselves, and taking some of the pressure off us. Much diplomacy in the past was directed toward the goal of dividing our enemies, hoping they would knock each other off. But, in the technological framework of the 20th century, this is no longer a desirable strategy. For war between two massive powers such as Russia and China could no longer be contained -- it they decided to use their nuclear capability against each other, no area of the earth would be safe from catastrophe or contamination. This represents a fantastic reversal of traditional diplomacy. It is no longer enough not to want war between us and our enemies; it is now necessary to try to prevent war between our rival enemies! Instead of inflaming the Sino - Soviet crisis, our best interest (oddly enough) consists in helping to heal the rupture. The new and utterly devastating methods of warfare call for new ways of thinking -- and mankind is notorious tor letting its thinking lag decades or centuries behind its social arrangements. If we imagine that Russia and China could destroy each other without at the same time ravaging the whole planet, we are thinking 19th century thoughts in a 20th century context. And this could be a fatal miscalculation. Nobody could operate a modern auto factory the same way a buggy firm was run a century ago. Yet, in the all - important field of international relations, this is precisely what we are trying to do. We have made practically no advancement in handling political arrangements since the days of Metternich; the Congress of Vienna is still our basic model of international diplomacy. The plain hard, cold fact is that nobody can afford a major war anywhere on the globe, for such a war is now indivisible. And the old division between our "friends" and our "enemies" is now meaningless -- for once the bomb goes off, all of us are involved, and there will be no friends or enemies left, only survivors. For the first time in history, all mankind is sitting in the same boat. A hole drilled anywhere can sink us all together. Armies and weapons can no longer defend us; we can now rely only on the growing sense of our common humanity to save us from mass - suicide. Strictly Personal Conservatives delude themselves by imagining that if we withdrew welfare from the poor they would become more industrious and self - reliant; liberals delude themselves by imagining that if we expand -- ,,!?,,,, *,, sufficient; neither policy is capable of healing the badly damaged psyche and self-image that the long -- time poor have of themselves. In the complexity of modern society, a successful executive is often one who is wasting time when he seems to be engaging in business, and engaging in business when he seems to be wasting time; for in our tangled relationships, the cocktail hour is often more productive than the conference table. The former schoolmates we run into three decades later al- always look at least 10 years older than we look to ourselves; and it is a mischievous trick of the mind that we are incapable of accepting the fact that we look at least 10 years older to them. It is an absolute libel on childhood to say that children resist being taught; children love to be taught, and when they resist it is because something has already gone wrong with the child or with the system of teaching. Although not classified as such in the medical dictionaries, the most common, widespread and deeply - rooted form of mental disease Is bigotry -- and the only mental disease that is infectious within the family from childhood on. The shrewd man looks ahead; the simple man looks up; the resigned man looks down; the frightened man looks behind; onl the «·!$* n^n looks wkhin. TODAY'S CITIZEN Dist. 1 Principal Wages 1-Woman Poverty War By JON KAMMAN Citizen Staff Writer Anna Henry bought. 270 pairs of shoes last year and an untold amount of shoe polish and shoestrings. She purchased 300 toothbrushes, an equal number of ice cream bars, 70 tickets to "The Sound of Music" and paid for "lots and lots" of new clothes. She cc"ected and distributed 2,025 pounds of lard or bacon drippings, sent 21 boys and girls to "Y" summer camps, h e l p e d pay for children's glasses, dental work- and medical expenses, and funded five high school scholarships. "Not with my own money," Miss Henry quickly points out. Principal of District 1's Richey Elementary School or Tucson's West Side since 1953, Miss Henry has waged a one-woman war on poverty in an effort, to raise the standard of living of poor families in the area and encourage children to make the most of their educational opportunities. Richey's enrollment of 300 pupils is largely of Yaqui Indian children, and the school must face the fact that many of them come from homes with dirt floors, no indoor plumbing, broken families and never enough to eat, Miss Henry believes. Her remedy in attempting to overcome these problems has been to involve the school community in as many affairs as possible and to operate specialized charitable activities. The school has a thrift store of its own, where one day each week families may buy clothing or household goods for 10 cents an article -- regardless of whether they choose a silk suit or nylon stocking. In addition, numerous businessmen and grocers regularly donate food or clothing to Miss Henry's "bank" for distribution to the needy. "Every penny we take in is returned right to the people who need it," she proudly ex- Miss Anna Henry plains. "There are no administrative costs involved at all." Money collected -- including contributions from Miss Henry's friends all over the country -- is used to purchase the necessities many children cannot afford and some luxuries they only dream about. Looking back to 1953, when Richey School was a conglomeration of adobe huts and war surplus barracks in the heart of Pascua Village, Miss Henry recalls her appointment as princi- pal was a rude awakening to the plight of the Yaquis. "The first day of school I nearly cried when I saw the pc;r, barefoot, ragged and tattered little urchins filing in to classes," she said. "And the heat in those buildings was just unbearable. I was sick for a week." Relief came two years later with completion of Richey's present facilities. Until six years ago, Miss Henry was principal of both Richey and Roosevelt schools. Funds from charitable activities at Richey, besides providing food and clothing for many children, have enabled dozens to complete high school. Several former Richey students also have received financial help in continuing their education at business, nursing or cosmetology schools. "We're willing to help any student who shows any promise at all," says Miss Henry. "All we ask is that scholarship students keep their grades above failing." Next year Richey will have a new principal. Miss Henry, who is completing a record 45 years of service in District 1, is retiring. She began her career at Safford Elementary after completing two years of college at what now is Northern Arizona University. Since then, she has earned bachelor and master's degrees in education. For her work with the Yaquis, she has been I'sted in Who's Who in American Education, and has been honored with two national citations -- the National Council of Christians and Jews' Brotherhood Good Neighbor Award in 1963, and the Dale Carnegians' Human Relations Award in 1965. Here's OLIPHANT Pulitzer Prize Cartoonist ·WELL, 1 DIDNT ACTUALLY DO IT FOR YOU . . .' come more productive and self- Cowrlrf*

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