Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on August 7, 1972 · Page 9
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 9

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Monday, August 7, 1972
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Page 9
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In Ground Combat Forces Ntrthwcil Arkctniat TIMES, Men., Aug. 7, 1972 rAYITTKVILLr, ARKANSAS U.S. Troop Cat Concedes W/c/e lead To Russia n.v rnuu s, 'Al 'Mlltfury AVrller WASHINGTON (Al 1 ) - Tlio IIOO.OOO, Including Atr Force, |believe the only way lliq i support, ami other elements, could Mom a major pnsla Untied" SliUc.s hiis conceded HusslHMi wide loud In ground cbmtwt forces by culling "llic U.S. Army lo Us smallest slzo ill nqnrly;n Kcnurnllon, '/A i drastic Army culbiick ro- sulu. from Iwo fundamotilal do- cjslons ,ty the NIxou attaints- gallon lo: i -- Disctigago from future oversells Involvement of U.S. .((round troops, except In defense of Western Europe. --End the draft next year, it possible, and rely on volunteers to fill the ranks. Both Ihese Nixon policies, marking a turnabout from traditional post-World War II attitudes, were spurred by widespread reaction against Hie long Vietnam war. Adding to concern nt the Pentagon Is growing Soviet naval and missile capability. The Soviets have hceu outbuilding the U.S. Navy by a margin of 2 to 1 in rcc«H years and are reported on the verge of a iew surge. "The missile race also is continuing, despite the new agreement 19 limit strategic arms. The emphasis will shift, to increased numbers of warheads and their improvement. MORE CUTS SEEN If the Democrats win the White House In November, slashes in U.S. combat power- land, sea and air-- could bile even deeper. Military leaders express con cern that the pendulum may swing so far that '" might be caught Tlio plim Is for nlllcd forces to Join In defending Western Europe against nny Soviet-Warsaw Pact thrust. If all Ibc allies lived' up to Ihdlr commitments, In « crunch they nnd llic United SUtcs could muster about 780,000 men In about 20 divisions and equivalents in the flrsl singe. On the oilier side, according - "" --"'-·-- ' lo U.S. analyses, her Warsaw pact Germany, Poland Russia and allies -- East and Czecli- osloviikia--would have immediately available about -25,000 men in some 65 divisions. Western division!! are bigger than llioso in the Soviet bloc. Stressing armor, Ihe Russians and their allies can send ahoul M.OOO tanks against Western Europe. NATO allies in the central region could counter with about 7.000 lanks, 1,500 of 'them American. To otfsel somewhat the Russian edge in armor, Ihe United S t a l e s ' i s equipping Us" units With the new TOW wire-guided anti-tank missile and will b u y another lank-killing weapon called Dragon for Us infantry platoons. ' US WAY AHEAD The United States is way ahead of Ihe Russians in helicopters. The Army has been experimenting with a new type of division I h a I would combine lanks and, missile-firing helicopters to duel Soviet armor. But, while the Army scored Into Western Europe would bo lo resort lo Ucllcal weapons. The planners are happy nt such a prospect, ho ciuisc Ihoy are aware Ihul, once tactical nuclear weapons sliirl exploding, there Is Blrong likelihood of escalation Into all-out nuclcnr war, .In any event, Stales has positioned In West cm Europe some 7,000 nuclear warheads which would bo delivered by about 2.250 fighter bombers, bombardment missiles, and artillery. Tlio Russians also have formidable tactical nuclear power, including about 700 medium- and intermediate-range ballistic missiles, some 850 tacllcal surface-to-surface missiles assigned to their ground forces, plus about 1,800 medium cr MIG jcl rifihlcrs nrid replacing llicm with new models. AB a resull of the Vietnam air war, Hie Unllcd Slates has developed and proved revolutionary new lnsor-guided weapons sucn as bombs and per- light · bombers bombers. Weighing .the and balance tweon U.S. -and Soviet theater nuclear weapons, Adm. Thomas IT. Moorer, chairman of Joint Chiefs of: Staff, has said, "I would-judge that the U.S. is at least the equal to the Soviet Union and perhaps the superior." ' The complex Issuo of curbing tactical nuclear weapons was sidestepped during the U.S.-Soviet negotiations that led the country dangerously impressively in helicopters as' Vietnam gunships with and short if a major emergency should arise. KOREAN WAR . The Army fell to about 801,000 men in May. lowest since the cvn of the Korean War 22 years ago. Adding the Marine Corps' 196,000 men, Ibe total of U.S. ground combat troops reaches just under 1 million. That is less than half the 2.2 million Russian soldiers assigned to ground fighting forces. Because of severe cutbacks-about 340,000 men in the past year' alone--only one of seven home-based U.S. Army divisions is in rcady-to-go shape. These divisions form the strategic pool from which the United States \vould draw in a sudden international crisis. ' ' Three of these divisions a r e earmarked, to reinforce the 7th Army in Europe if the Russians should attack or seriously threaten, but it is doubtful they could meet the present requirement to deploy overseas within 30 days. For the long haul, the Nixon administration is counting on about 700,000 National Guardsmen and Reserves to reinforce the shrinking regular Army and the Marine Corps in time of urgent need. But the Guard and Reserve are having trouble keeping up their strength. STRONG'COMITMENTS Although Nixon policy is to avoid a further "policeman of the world", mission for U.-S. forces, the United Slates maintains strong commitments- to NATO and to South Korea. For that reason, the five U.S. Army divisions assigned to NATO and one division in South Korea have top priority in seasoned manpower and modern. equip ; ment. FACE RUSSIANS Europe^ is . Ihe only place where U.S. . ; g r o u n d ' troops directly face the Soviet Army, There, : J85,000 of the U.S. 7th Army form the core of NATO's d e f e n s e . American armed strength in Europe totals about to a first-stage limit numbers agreement to of strategic Iroop-carriers, there are skeptics who question whether the chopper can live in Ihe Eu- anli-aircraft. missiles into play. These skeplics say the Rus siails would-bring sophisticated antiaircraft missiles inlo play. As for taclical air power, it is the judgment of most American specialists lhat Soviet, and Warsaw Pact air forces clearly surpass the NATO -allies in Iho number of planes in the region where battle would fre; joined. According to one estimate,' the Communist bloc enjoys about a 2,900-10-2,100 airplane advantage there. . . . . . , GEOGRAPHY Geography gives the Russians a huge plus, enabling them to .bring major reinforcements from 1 Western Russian, A c c o r d i n g to U.S. intelligence, the Soviets have. GO. divisions in European Russia. 20 of them in full fighting readiness and the rest near it. While mobilization could raise allied strength in the cen: tral region by several hundred thousand men, important rein- arms. It may come up in follow-on lalks. NEW WEAPONS forcements would come from the United Stales. These reinforcements, supplies and equipment would have -to' travel by air and sea across the Atlantic. Therefore, a reinforcement successful U.S. would:' require Meanwhile, the United States is trying lo overcome the Soviet conventional firepower bulge with belter new weapons. And it is encouraging reluctant European allies to upgrade their forces. Like Ihe oilier U.S. armed services, the Army has had rough time with Congress because of cost runaways. After the; Army failed bring down the price of a posed new main battle from about $650,000 per machine, Congress killed the project. ' So the Army is improving its current best lanks, llie M60. and it is buying a missile-firing version of the M60. But Ihe Russians are not slanding still either. U.S. officials report they are developing two new tanks and working on new high fragmentation .heavy artillery shells. . In over-all tactical airpower Adm. Moorer said, '-'The Soviets arc slowly coming abreast of us." This development grows out of a combination of a reduction in American jet fighters and other tactical aircraft from 5.800 in- 1969 Ho about 5,000 planned for next year, and a that allied forces hold Ihe line and the against Russian armor motorized infantry until flow of fresh American troops and materiel could arrive. It also would require that the U.S. and allied navies check the growing Soviet Navy, whose hundreds of missile-firing submarines destroyers and 'and gradual increase planes from 3,300 nearly 4,300 now. U.S. Air Force cruisers would be doing t h ei r utmost to sink American supply ships. . - ' ' · ' About 45 of the Soviet Union's ICO Army divisions have been concentrated along the Chinese border. NOT REDUCED Bui, despile the feud between the Communist giants, Secretary of Defense Melvin R; Laird has said, "The capability of Soviet military forces opposite NATO has not .been- reduced.;' Many U.S. military planners chiefs are urging llhe Pentagon to push hard for the new FH and F15 fighters, which they argiie are essential to con- Irolling Ihe air over land and sea battles. Moorer claims both the F11 and F15 will be "distinctly superior to any tactical aircraft the Soviets are likely lo deploy in the 1970s." PRICES Bui, as in the case of olher weapons, congressional resistance is stiffening because the prices are so high--about $10 million per F15 and $16.8 million for each FH. Some senators insist that the Iraed and-proven F4 Phanlom will be adequate for many years lo come and that more could he nought Cor only about million apiece. Out military louden'contend Iho 1M'will bo While lilts dcbalo grows, Iho Russians arc retiring Ihclr old- toclcd doylies for foiling enemy radiir defenses. This probably nuls Ihe U.S. Air Force and Navv air arm ahead of the Russians In ccr- l a t n significant hardware areas. in Soviet in 1963 to and Navy Dillard NORTHWIST ARK. PJAZA **- ' ** They make the most of your figure,., put you in great shape for Fall 72 / Famous Warner Bras and Foundations Warner "LovoTouch'- doubjeknit Wcol contour bra with dressmaker design,, Thin, single layer gives maximum mold- ability, flattest seams and luxurious feeling inside put. All around stretch frame in Tricot-net, Luxury lingerie straps. While or Beige. 32-36 A-B-C. , S6.00 DoubleKnit "Body Slimmer" pantie girdle by Warner. 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