Independent from Long Beach, California on January 17, 1975 · Page 11
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Independent from Long Beach, California · Page 11

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Friday, January 17, 1975
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Page 11
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HOUSE 'Continued from Page A-l) ana by a vote of 133 to 1CO --J r» _ r *¥% !·_·*, ssHu rui-K'J us i«.\as on a vote of 141 to 144. Poagc, who is 75 and has served as chairman for eight of his 38 years in Congress, conceded defeat. Later. Rep. Thomas S. Foley of Washington, 45, the second ranking member of the Agriculture Committee, said he would seek its chairmanship. But Hebert, 74, refused to admit defeat, saying he would carry the fight to retain his four-year-old c h a i r m a n s h i p to the House floor if necessary. H E B E R T , who lias served in Congress for 34 years, attributed his def e a t to a "propaganda show led by C o m m o n Cause," the so-called citizens lobby which he termed "an insidious group whose actions are reprehensible." On M o n d a y , Common Cause issued an analysis of the performance of committee chairmen that ranked Hebert as the worst in the House. Rep. Melvin Price of Illinois, who ranks second in seniority to H e b e r t . said after the vote that he would seek t h e nomination as Armed Services chairman. Price, who is 70, is viewed as being almost as ideologically conservative as Hebert. Voting on the Armed Services and Agriculture nominations was taken in the morning and, after a break for lunch, the actions of the Democratic C a u c u s became even more stunning--and confusing. W E D N E S D A Y , t h e Steering and Policy Committee voted to drop Palm a n , nominating R e p . Henry S. Reuss instead. But Thursday the Democratic majority rejected the recommendation by a vote of 141 to 146. Both representatives are liberal-oriented and debate by the supporters of the two men concentrated on the differences in their ages---Patman is 81, Reuss is 62--and their ability to lead the com- .mittee. Although Reuss lost Thursday's vote and Patman Wednesday's, they still are regarded as the f r o n t - r u n n e r s f o r t h e chairmanship. Yet another vote, with the two men r u n n i n g a g a i n s t each other rather than individually, probably will come up next week. The last major dispute of the day arose over the c h a i r m a n s h i p of the House Administration Committee. W e d n e s d a y the Steering and Policy Committee voted on the fourth ballot 11 to 13 not to renominate Hays. In his p l a c e Rep. Frank Thompson was n o m i n a t ed. BUT AGAIN Thursday the full Democratic Caucus did not go along with the rpcommendations, rejecting Thompson by a vote of 109 to 176. The vote was especially surprising s i n c e Thompson is one of the more popular representatives, while Hays has a reputation as one of the most f e a r e d and dangerous men in the House. ' Many of the freshmen representatives voted to support Hays, who also is chairman of the Democratic congressional committee which distributes campaign funds and support to those running for t h e H o u s e . T h i s h e l p apparently helped to win him support Thursday. Source? in the freshman delegation also related that overnight Hays had made an agreement with H o p . Phillip Burton 01 California, chairman of tin' H o u s e Democratic Caucus, to provide the group with funds and office space for the first time. MORE T H A N a few representatives voiced dissatisfaction w i t h t h e procedures of the Steering and P o l i c y Committee, which were used for the first time in nominating chairmen. Today that committee has scheduled a n o t h e r meeting to reconsider the nominations for the four u n f i l l e d chairmanships. Under Democratic Caucus rules, the conimiltlee has five days to resubmit new nominations. The caucus then must meet from 5 to 10 days later to consider the new nominations. PRESS-TELEGRAM (PM) L*, i..ch, CHH., TM.. u.». mi Soviet envoy summoned home over trade pact By BARRY SCHWEID WASHINGTON (AP) - Soviet Ambassador Anatoly F. Dobrynin has been summoned back to the Kremlin for a review of detente with the United States in light of Soviet repudiation of the'1972 trade agreement, sources said Thursday night. Officially, the Soviets were describing the Dobrynin, trip as a vacation, but other sources confirmed that the Soviet envoy within the last 24 hours had outlined his mission to Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger. ' Meanwhile, the official Soviet news agency Tass issued a statement declaring that the Soviet Union still favors detente and wants mutually beneficial trade with the West, including the U.S. In a sharply worded attack, a Tass commentator contended that the Western press and Kremlinologists are wrongly claiming that Moscow's rejection of the trade agreement means a change in Soviet foreign policy. DOBRYNIN'S recall points up the impact, of the Soviet repudiation of the trade accord and possible differences within the Kremlin on relations with Washington. However, a high State Department official said U.S.-Soviet relations were not in a crisis situation and advised keeping calm. In repudiating the 1972 agreement, the Soviets indicated they objected to newly passed legislation which would limit further low-interest U.S. government loans and bar granting nondiscriminatory tariff treatment unless the Soviets permit free emigration. Kissinger, in a television interview, said the U.S. and Soviet Union had pursued substantially compatible and in some cases cooperative policies in all parts of the world except the Middle East. He said the "imperative" of preventing nuclear war would enable the two superpowers to move forward again. KISSINGER criticized congressional attempts "to legislate the details of diplomatic negotiations." He said the "setback" for detente had come because of the Jackson-Vanik amendment, intended to make the Soviets ease up on Jewish emigration, and a $300 million ceiling on Export-Import Bank credits to the Soviets. "We have to work out, not a blank check, but an understanding by which Congress can exercise its participation by means other than by forming legislation," Kissinger said in an interview with Bill Movers on the Public Broadcasting System. The secretary said that while he agreed with the goals of those who amended the Trade Reform Act, he questioned their tactics in trying to commit Moscow publicly on the Jewish question. Kissinger suggested he had been more successful by practicing quiet diplomacy, noting that 35,000 Jews left the Soviet Union in 1973 and that the rate had declined considerably since then. A spokesman for President Ford said the latter was confident the basic detente policy has not been damaged by the Kremlin's rejection of the trade agreement. Press Secretary Ron Nessen' told reporters that Ford would continue efforts to r e l a x tensions between the two powers and believed the Soviet action "doesn't have any implications beyond the immediate impact on the trade agreement." CIA ECONOMIC SLUMP (Continued from Page A-l) "We're in trouble, I think we've got some answers," Ford told a group of the nation's governors, mayors and county executives attending a White House briefing on the President's new economic program Thursday. The President said he hopes Congress would approve all of the legislative program he announced in his State of the Union address Wednesday, b u t added, "maybe that's too much to expect." But he said his program provides some answers and "the responsibility is now on the shoulders of Congress." "We need action...we need it promptly," the President said. DROPS IN consumer spending, home construction, and a huge backlog of unsold goods such as automobiles contributed to the sharp downturn in the Gross National Product -- the nation's output of goods and services. The figures showed that the recession is real and was intensifying at year's end. For the first time since 1960-61, output now has declined for four consecutive quarters. Pate told reporters: "The breadth of the decline, the substantial increase in i n v e n t o r y a c c u m u l a t i o n in the fourth quarter and other evidence suggest that further adjustments are now under way and that real output may decline again in the current quarter." COUNTING in the impact of inflation, the GNP rose at an annual rate of $11.7 billion, or 3.3 per cent, in the fourth quarter to 81,428 billion ($1.4 trillion). The report did not include some statistics for December, and the department will publish a revised GNP report next month. An $11.5 billion fourth- quarter drop in new-car sales led a $14.6 billion decline in durable goods spending. Purchases of nondurable goods rose $2.5 billion as spending for food picked up. O v e r a l l c o n s u m e r spending -- the backbone of the economy that Ford is attempting to stiffen with proposed tax cuts -dropped $4.5 billion in the fourth quarter a f t e r a $32.2 billion third-quarter rise. PERSONAL savings rose $10.9 billion and the savings rate increased to 8.5 per cent from 6.6 per cent in the third quarter. This indicated Americans WASHINGTON (DPI) -- Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey, D-Minn., Thursday introduced legislation to cut taxes by $21 billion this year by providing an $18.5 billion reduction in individual taxes and $2.5 billion in incentives for new business investment may be p u t t i n g w h a t money they have into bank accounts as- a hedge against future hard times, rather than spending it as the administration wants. Ford Thursday provided some additional explanation of two aspects of his p r o g r a m that already h a v e been sharply criticized by some members of Congress -- the higher energy taxes and the 5 per cent ceiling on any increases in Social Security benefits, government payrolls and federal benefit programs. "We are not going to deny people an increase, but we have put a cap of 5 per cent on the increase," he said. "We are in bad enough trouble now." . HE SAID one reason he rejected gasoline rationing and decided on higher energy taxes to encourage energy conservation was t h a t gasoline rationing would be needed for at least five years. "I don't think a five- y e a r gasoline rationing program is sustainable," he said. He added that gasoline rationing also would not provide adequate incentive for development of new energy resources in the U n i t e d States. Ford received the loudest applause in a 20- minute off-the-cuff speech w h e n he announced he will ask Congress to extend the federal revenue s h a r i n g p r o g r a m f o r another five and three- quarters years. E a r l i e r , T r e a s u r y S e c r e t a r y W i l l i a m E. Simon told the same group the major "short- term goal" of the Ford program is to stop the rise in unemployment and r e b u i l d consumer confidence. WHILE he said the huge budget deficits are necessary to deal with the recession, he still is concerned that the continuing steady increase in federal e x p e n d i t u r e s "will destroy our system" in a few more years. M e a n w h i l e , Paul McCracken, an informal economic adviser to Ford and a former head of the President's Council of Economic Advisers, said America's f u t u r e pros- p e r i t y depends on Congress avoiding wage-price controls and gasoline rationing. M c C r a c k e n , a University of Michigan professor, predicted 1975 "will be a watershed in setting fundamental eco- nomic policy and determining the nature of our economic system for a good many years to come." Gasoline and oil prices are not likely to come down, he said, and the United States must set its policy about energy supplies on that basis. "NOBODY wants to pay more for gasoline, but it is imperative that we have the courage to use price to control demand, rather t h a n move backward into heavy-handed rationing," he said. AUTOS (Continued from Page A-l) that it will be on whole ear lines and not just on individual models," he added. "We have big stocks in dealerships of small cars and hope this will boost the sales," he said. General Motors also has hinted it may have a price cut program of its own. C h r y s l e r , which an- nounce'd its $200 to $400 rebate program during the Super Bowl football game, said it sold 3,200 of the small care it was featuring in the first two days of the offer. A $200 rebate is effective this week to buyers of some body styles of its compact Plymouth Duster and Dodge Dart Swinger models. Other cars will be featured in specials over the next four weeks. CHRYSLER SAID Thursday that in addition to the general rebate it would give another $100 to any of its employes who purchased a new ear during the program. However, more t h a n h a l f the Chrysler em- ployes are now laid off. The compan" said the three car assembly plants closed this week in Newark, Del.; St. Louis, and Hamtramck, Mich., also w o u l d be closed next week, idling 13,700 temporarily. Another 49,900 Chrysler workers are idled indefinitely. The total number of Chrysler hourly workers off the job this week is thus 63,600, or 56 per cent of its 114,000 U.S. factory workers. By comparison, t : oru has 52,525 workers on temporary layoff and another 32,650 indefinitely off the job this week--for a total of 85,175 or 55 per cent of 155,000 workers. GM has 34,880 workers on temporary layoff and 93,000 on indefinite layoff- tor a total of 127,880 or 32 per cent of 400,000. (Continued from Page A-!) Helms replied, "I don't recall whether we were asked, but we were not involved because it seemed to me that was a clear violation of what .our charter was." If he 'had been requested to conduct such operations, Helms further told the senators, "I would simply go to explain to the President this didn't seem to be advisable." STAFF aides on the F o r e i g n Relations Comm i t t e e were reported l a t e r T h u r s d a y to be studying the -1973 Helms' testimony. Helms is scheduled to testify before the committee next week.' While conceding some domestic CIA activities, Helms repeatedly defended the agency from what he termed "irresponsible" attacks by the press. "The principle allega- , tions (of CIA domestic ' spying) remain unsupported," Helms said, "and, to the contrary, have been undermined by contrary evidence identified in the press itself." It was not immediately clear to what evidence he ' was referring. Colby, in his statement Wednesday, discussed instances of CIA domestic file-keeping,' p h y s i c a l surveillances, surreptitious inspection of mail, break-in, wiretaps and also said that at least 22 agents had been infiltrated into radical and dissident groups inside the U.S. since 1967. BAKER, in a telephone interview from his home in Huntsville, Tenn., said that his investigation had found that the agency had dossiers on Bernard Fensterwald, a Washington, D.C., lawyer and former aide to the late Sen. Edward V. Long, D-Mo., and on A r t h u r J a m e s Woolston-Smith, an officer of a New York City investigation and industrial security consulting concern. "These were but two of Ford presses Israeli envoy to move on truce Combined News Services WASHINGTON-President Ford stressed, to Foreign Minister Yigal Allon of Israel "the seriousness" of the Middle East situation during an extended meeting late Thursday, the White House announced. Following an hour and 40-minute session between Ford and Allon, the White House said that President also "repeated his commitment" to assist Israel and the Arab nations move toward a negotiated settlement. Ford has been telling visitors lately of his deep concern t h a t failure to move ahead hi the Israeli- Egyptian talks now being ' discussed could heighten tensions and provoke new fighting. Allon, according to the White House, "assured the President t h a t the Israeli government shared his desire for a negotiated settlement." EARLIER, Egyptian President A n w a r Sadat Thursday gave Israel three months to make further .withdrawals from occupied Egyptian, Syrian and Jordanian territory. Otherwise he -said the Arabs, including the Palestinians, would "explode everything" when the Geneva Middle East peace conference resumes. Allon said Sadat's statement was "not too good" but that he hoped it was not the Egyptian leaders's "last word." Government sources in Jerusalem said Israel does not want to negotiate BEIRUT (UPD- Israeli tanks and troops fought fierce artillery and ground battles with Palestinian guerrillas in southeast Lcfianon Thursday in the fifth day of rapidly escalating clashes in the region. A Palestinian guerrilla spokesman said Israeli artillery shelled the village of Rashaya Al Fakhar, Abu Kamha, "the Martyr Salah base," and the road leading to the village of Fardis, all in the Lebanese Arqoub region. with Egypt under pressure of a time limit and is not going to be frightened into making a peace settlement. One source said: "Sadat is not going to scare us into an agreement." Meanwhile, it was learned 1 that the United States has supplied Lebanon with a handful of highly sophisticated antitank missiles and has under consideration a Beirut request for antiaircraft guns. ACCORDING to administration and diplomatic sources, "a very small number" of TOW missiles has been sent to Lebanon over the past few months. The TOW is an extremely accurate and mobile weapon whiqh has been provided Israel since the middle of the 1973 Middle East war. One source said fewer than two dozen TOW launchers are in Lebanese hands. He denied that this represented a m a j o r departure from American policy not to upset the military balance in the Middle East. It is not a massive arms deal, the source said. Other sources acknowledged that Lebanon has asked for antiaircraft guns. However, still another official said no decision had been reached on the request. SOURCES also suggested the TOW launchers were not given to Lebanon · because of recurring invasions by Israel to attack Palestinian camps suspected of harboring anti- Israeli terrorists. In fact, the tiny Lebanese army, is considered ; by some American ex- ' perts as endangered more by the Palestinian forces than the Israelis. The United States has begun a major arms sale effort in the Mideast. The United States is nearly the sole supplier of arms to Israel with military aid to the Jewish state in fiscal 1974 reaching over $2 billion. The total value of American arm's sold to all Arab states during that ' period was under $2 billion. · ; · At the United Nations in New York, Lebanon charged in a letter to the Security Council that Israel had committed 61 acts of aggression in the 10 days that ended Monday. Ambassador Edo- i uard Ghorra asked the council to enforce U.N. resolutions on the Mideast · and "deter Israel from s constantly endangering . peace and security." \ the numerous indications our investigation -turned up that the CIA has engaged in widespread domestic activity," Baker said. The Washington Post reported Thursday that it had obtained a copy of a secret Senate memorandum disclosing that Colby had privately told some senators that the CIA had conducted surveillance in 1971 and 1972 on a former agency employe turned author, Victor Marchetti, and at least two journalists, Jack Anderson, the \ columnist, and Post re-1 porter Michael Getler. The three men reportedly f- were suspected of obtain- · ing classified data. ' Auctions to 0,

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