Tucson (Eitucn ItAY TUCKER MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS ThÂ« AlÂ»KiÂ»Â«eJ PrÂ«Â»i il Â«nt:llÂ«d otluilvtly in tht uiÂ« for rf put)i!cÂ«tion ft ill thÂ» lotÂ»l nÂ«wÂ§ ptinlfd 'n (hil niwiplpcr it well Â» ill * p ncwi dllpjltHti Defense Needs Get Priority MEMBER OF THE AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBER OF UNITED PRESS I N T E R N A T I O N A L R a t t t : Homt Dclivcrra in Tucien *Dc Per WrÂ«k Hcmt O*HvÂ«rfd Outjldt Â«f Tucien Â«0c Ptr W e t k Annull Subfcripticn Carrier S2C.8C Ar-nuit Subicripticn M.il $15.30 PubllihÂ«ei E x c t f t Sundy PAGE 10 WEDNESDAY EVENING, JUNE I, I960 The Unchanging Red Line "Peace is a respite for another war-- there is no alternative; either the Soviet government triumphs in every advanced country in the world, or the most reactionary imperialism triumphs, the most savage imperialism-- Anglo-American imperialism, which has perfectly mastered the art of a democratic republic- one or the other-- there is no middle course."-- Lenin. Let us, then, not forget or ignore the unchanging Red line. Just What Can One Tell The Young June Graduate? High school and university graduations this week and next will focus attention and pride upon thousands of young persons. They are hopeful, and understandably dubious; they are ambitious, and perhaps a little awed as they face an important turn in their lives. These young men and women become targets for" well-meant but not always helpful advice, by parents, teachers, friends. But what can one tell today's graduate? What should one tell him? The young man often is reminded that his father went to work for $18 a week and considered himself lucky to have the job. This usually is spoken by way of contrast to the rich opportunities that await today's graduates, nearly all of whom will have little difficulty finding employment if they want it. But is it enough to note, that the job market for college graduates is expanding so much that the "hire-it-if-it-breathes" situation of a few years ago is returning? Observers are predicting without qualification that virtually every college graduate who wants to work will find a job. Starting salaries are estimated to be running 3 to 8 per cent higher than a year ago. High school graduates may bemoan the.difficulty, and the expense, of going on to college. Actually there is more opportunity today and more scholarship help available for the academically able and ambitious high school graduate than a generation ago. The state of Arizona itself has been doing a tremendous job of providing the institution? of higher education for its young people, to mention only the educational opportunities close at hand. i Nevertheless, let's tell the young people quite ; frankly that the world is no more anyone's oyster today than it was 30 years ago. Both great opportunities and great problems are.ever present. What becomes important, now as then, is the way the individual faces them. The passing of the baccalaureate tradition at the University of Arizona, as at some other institutions, seems a great loss. It is good that high schools are continuing the occasion. For there needs to be an emphasis upon the homely wisdoms of our culture and our religious tradition, even for the few if not the many. Â« Somewhere along the line, by someone, today's graduate does need to be told and to be made aware that he needs most to live his life with courage, with honor, with concern for others as well as self, with faith. These were the concepts which made life in the American wilderness rich, the cornerstones on which this nation has built a way of life that allows and encourages today's young graduate to realize the best that is in him. Arizona Album FRONTIER CATTLEMEN, RANCHES Edited by Albert R. Buehman A inultibillion-dollar increase in the military budget that President Eisenhower h expected to approve appears likely as a direct result of Nikita Khrushchev's blusters and threats at Paris and the growing suspicion that the Red Army has made him a mere "prisoner of the Kremlin." SUBORDINATION of the nation's d e f e n s e needs to b u d g e t considerations h a s been swept aside by the ominous developments in t h e French capital. While there is no belief that Russia is ready for or capable of immediate, global war, Congress is unwilling to place any further trust in Khrushchev's talk of "peaceful coexistence." Sen. Ridiard B. Russell,' chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, insists that "This is no time to quibble over a counie of billion dollars" for defense needs. Although hitherto a budget-balancer. Sen. Leverett Saltonstall, an Eisenhower-Nixon Republican, agreed. SEVERAL ACTIONS BESPEAK the new and more militant state of mind at Washington and other Western capitals. There was Defense Secretary Gates' "alert" cf the armed forces here and abroad during the Paris uproar, which was given with the President's approval. The British Royal Air Force made a similar and simultaneous test of readiness. Waiving secrecy, the Pentagon announced during the Paris crisis that a new radar searchlight now sweeps through a large area of Russia, revealing hitherto hidden military centers, and that two more will soon be in operation. Finally, 'in an otherwise sagging market, defense stocks rose. ON CAPITOL HILL, there _, is a bipartisan clamor, especially in the Senate, for acceleration of every program for production of both defensive and offensive weapons. Only a week ago, the. House Appropriations Committee unanimously approved a report which virtually called for a "preventive war"--an attitude unprecedented in American annals. Although no specific increase in the $39.7 billion figure okayed by the House has been mentioned, it is believed that it will amount to at least $5 billion, wiping out prospects for a budget surplus at the close of the 1 current fiscal year or a future tax reduction. It is entirely probable that no or little publicity will be given to this program lest it con-tribute to a war psychology and lip off the Russians, As with appropriations for atomic research and production during World War II and current financing of Allen Dulles' Central Intelligence Agency, the additional appropriations could be made in an indirect and "classified" manner. IN ITS AMAZING REPORT accompanying the House Military Budget Bill, the Appropriations Committee specified the measures it believes should be taken in view of Khrushchev's menacing attitude toward the U- S. and cooperative Allies. It should be noted, too, that the committee voiced its warning before the Paris collapse, but after Khrushchev's offensive tirades at Baku and Moscow. The committee, which had been briefed behind closed doors by Pentagon specialists, the Joint Â· Chiefs of Staff and Director Dulles, called for a full-time aerial alert "in the future." Congress will now undoubtedly appropriate funds for planes, parts and gasoline to change the tense of this safeguard from "the future" to "the present." IN VIEW OF PRESIDENT EISENHOWER'S pledge to halt U2 intelligence flights, the program for the Samos and Midas detective devices will be speeded. The Samos satellite takes photographs from _3QOjnlles high that show up as clearly as if they had been made at a distance of only 100 feet. Under present plans, the Ssmos was not to have been operational until early ISO!. Now, it will be rushed so that Khrushchev's landscape will be placed under constant observation in a few months. The Midas detects a missile attack by reaction from a launching pad's gas exhaust. It provides a 30-minute warning for American military and civilians, enough for retaliation and protection, respectively. BOTH OF THESE PREPARATIONS--the full- time aerial alert and the Samos-Midas satellites --are purely defensive measures, they are designed to fulfill what President Eisenhower describes as our "responsibility" for safeguarding the United States and the free world from Russian attack and devastation. Other less defensive weapons will also be rushe^ along, but for obvious reasons they cannot be listed here. CopyrtrfU 1MO GEORGE SOKOLSKY Solution To Water Problems One of the most serious political and social problems of universal concern is water. In this country, we generally assume that two things remain free for all to use, air and water. It is not always true about water and never in cities where the people are taxed for it. In some parts of the world, water is so scarce that it has to be used sparingly and treaties- are made concerning it. Â· Â· Marco Polo (1254-1324) wrote a description of his travels from Italy to Peking and back. ' He describes many rich areas, with gardens and farmlands. Some of the areas are now deserts and they arc deserts because the water upon "which their richness depended has disappeared. THE QUESTION as to whether the water table of the United States is falling is not subject to opinion; it is a matter for study and the production of accurate statistical data. On August 12, 1958, the House Committee on Government Operations recommended: "The Office of Saline Water must substantially increase its efforts in advancing both basic research and pilot plant work in the saline water' conversion program. Such effort would be facili- . tated by amendment of the Saline Water Act to eliminate the financial authorization restrictions now present in that act and by appropriation of sufficient additional sums to enable such work to proceed promptly and without deferment." NOTHING HAS BEEN DONE about this recommendation but the need for such research is great. It is estimated that the available fresh water supply in the United States amounts to about 515 billion gallons a day and that we are now using about 312 billion gallons a day. The water supply is not evenly divided over the United States and in some areas there is a definite shortage. If the population and the industrial development of the United States continue to increase, there ought to be a very serious water shortage in the country in 197.1 which is only 15 years away. The time to consider this is now. THE SIMPLEST SOLUTION to this problem is the adaptation of salt water to current needs. The cost is still very high but the quantity is unlimited. Considerable research is required to bring the cost of desalted water down to R rea sonable price. Several plants already exist to distill water and the results arÂ« very satisfactory. The alternative to- the conversion of salt water is to limit use, which would be unsatisfactory. The United States is surrounded by water--the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, the Gulf of Mexico --water everywhere. It ought to be possible to develop a salt water distillation for usable water, to be carried in pipe lines across the country, so that there would be a shortage nowhere. This is a feasible plan only if it is developed slowly and correctly and does not have to become a crash program where an actual drought is in existence. THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR has been put in charge of this problem by an act of Congress passed in 1952, with a considerable budget for research and experimental plant operation. All this work is to the good because when it is possible to convert salt water into usable water, the United States will have all the water that is required for individual use, farm and industrial use at a reasonable cost. This is the objective and it does not need to be justified by fulsome attention to what other nations that lack water will say about us. It will be sufficient that we sensed a crisis, met it by careful research and experimentation and averted calamity. We need not ever face such a condition if we devote ourselves to converting the apparently un limited supply of salt water to sweet water, usable for all purposes. It can be done and thus far, the experiments have been bringing the cost down. It could be that the mineral products taken out of the water would, in the long run return great wealth. Copyrifht I960 HAL BOYLE Remarks Girl Fridays Tire Of ROCKFELLOW, FAMOUS PIONEER John Alexander Rockfellow was famous among pioneers of Arizona. According to his own account, he "came to Arizona (Jan. 16, 1878) seeking health and adventure and found both." . This picture was taken at the time he lived at Cochise Stronghold in the Dragoon mountains. He was a great crony of Pete (Don Pedro) Kitchen, famous rancher from south of Tucson who spent his declining years in Tucson. Rockfellow, a pioneer cattleman and author, was interested Â· Is stock, mining, teaching, surveying, and engineering. He wrote "Life of an Arizona Trail Blazer," which was published by Acme Printing Company of Tucson. Born at Mt. Morris, N.Y., Jan. 30, 1858, Rockfellow came to Arizona by way of California. At different times he lived in Sig- Â·nal, Tucson, Tombstone, Cochise Stronghold, Willcox, and Tubac, He cast bis first vote in 1880 at Tubac. In ItSD, after being appointed principal of the Tombstone schools he returned to New York to marry his boyhood sweetheart. Miss Flora A. McNair, who died 10 years before his death in California oft May 18, TM7. loft are buried in the Sunset His lifter. Miss Artne Graham Rockfellow, who was called ArtaoM'f outstanding woman architect 25 years ago, lived ra Tnc- Km JOT ii ye*rs berore moving to Santa Barbara where she lived her 4e*fh. Some wrtstuwig examples of her work locally ET ConqofistadoT Hotel, La Fonda (now the home of Kappa M Fr*terBfty), Safford School awd fhe original YWCA IwiW- (flottftesy Arizona Pioneers* Historical Society), Remarks That Business Secretaries Get Tired Of Hearing: "Oh, I don't have to worry about my secretary ever leaving me. She's wedded to her work." "If you don't hurry back from your coffee break, you'll be late going to lunch." "You know, for a girl your age. Miss Tiggly, your figure isn't half bad." "I GUESS SHE REALLY does deserve a raise, but now tfiat she's joined the office pension plan do you think it's "--"^ really necessary? She isn't likely to leave now." "If my wife calls, tell her I'm in an important conference and- can't be disturbed." "What is a pretty girl like you doing working in a great dismal swamp like this?" "If you can get me in to sec your boss in the next 15 minutes, there'll be a couple of tickets waiting for you tomorrow night at the boxoffice of the best show in town." "ARE YOU GOING TO SPEND ALL your life being a typewriter jockey? Why don't you wake up and live?" "I don't know how they taught you to spell 'accommodate' where you went to school, Miss Tiggly, but at Cornell I am sure we spelled it with only a single 'K'." "With this new electronic typewriter, you should be able to double your output and . . ." "We're taking up a collection for the bookkeeper's aunt's wife's cousin, who just had a baby. We put you down for $2, but if you think that's too much, just say . . . " '"I was jast wondering--why ts it, do you suppose, that cats get Â·nntioncd TB more wills than secretaries?''' CYCV-E "YOU KNOW IF YOU WERE MARRIED you wouldn't be taking orders all day from a man 1 -- | you'd be giving him orders." j "Isn't it funny, Miss Tiggly, how everything 5eems to pile up on Friday night? I hope you didn't have anything special planned." "You were good enough to work late last night and I insist on paying for your dinner. WiM a dollar cover it?" "All right, be loyal to the bum. But remember one thing: the lights go off for an office wife at 5:30 sharp " "I hate to ask you to do a five-page letter all uvci again, rnijis Tiggiy, inn I've nau a COuple pf after thoughts." Â· "NO, I WOULDN'T EXACTLY SAY he was hard to work for. The 12 secretaries he had before you were probably just temperamental." "Would you mind ordering a dozen roses for my wife during your lunch hour. Miss Tiggly? It's our anniversary. And, by the way, get a flower for yourself, too. It'll help brighten up the office." "Yes, I do like your new dress, Miss Tiggly. But don't you think black makes a mature blonde look a bit haggard in the daytime?" "Hey, Eloise, I hear the boss is hiring you a n ' assistant. You two should be real chummy, They say she comes from a fine old family, graduated summa cum laude from Vassar, and loves to play basketball." "I don't care what my husband said for yon to tell me. You put him on the plwnc--and 111 tell him." "YOU REALLY THINK Miss Tiegly is attractive? That's odd. She's been with" in* 10 years, and I never thought of her in that light." . ". . . and, of coarse, if you stay with fltejirrn 40 years, instead of 30, the benefits are *ven greater.'"' It's A Grand Guessing Game By JAMES MARLOW Everyone is now his own coroner in trying to determine what killed the 1 1 Summit Conference. It's a kind of international autopsy. But the cause of death is still uncertain. THIS GRAND GUESSING game was climaxed Sunday by British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan who came up with this thought: "Perhaps even the Russians don't know" why Premier N i k i t a Khrushchev wrecked the conference. Macmillan tried a broad wrap- up of the major guesses with this: "Some say he (Khrushchev) was influenced by (Red) China. Others say it was a matter of personal pique or anger. Some say it was a matter of internal Soviet politics. "It has alternatively been argued that the U2 incident (the American spy plane downed over Russia 15 days before the Summit) was the true and sole cause of the breakdown." SINCE THE THEORIES are apt to multiply rather than diminish--and the real answer may never be known--here is a brief list of guesses so far: 1. BACK IN NOVEMBER 1958 Khrushchev gave the West six months to get its troops out of West Berlin. When he saw the West wouldn't budge, he said the six months could be extended. Now 17 months have passed. And still the West wouldn't get out. Khrushchev knew this before the Summit meeting. So going to it meant he'd have to return empty- handed after all his big talk about forcing the West out. So, perhaps he was looking for any excuse to avoid the Summit meeting which he himself had proposed. ' 2. PERHAPS SOME OF the other top Russians in the Kremlin--along with the Red Chinese --were fed up with his one-man diplomacy and his policy of amicability with the West and told him to back up. 3. PERHAPS HE WAS sincere in wanting the Summit meeting but felt affronted or let dowr,, as Macmillan suggested, by President Eisenhower when the U2 spied on Russia. If so, then it is possible anger got the better of him. 4. PERHAPS E V E N THE plane episode would not have compelled him to destroy the Summit meeting if Eisenhower had pleaded ignorance of the plane's flight snd purpose. Kc tried to give Eisenhower an out on this by suggesting the President didn't know about it. But when Eisenhower avoided the "out" and took responsibility- Khrushchev may have felt he had no alternative. 5. PERHAPS, D E S P I T E everything else, Khrushchev still would have gone on with the meeting if Eisenhower had made an effort to see him in Paris on Sunday, May 15, the day before the Summit opened, to explain and seek an understanding. In a speech in Moscow S a t u r d a y Khrushchev complained that Eisenhower made no effort to see him. 6. EVEN THIS IS possible: Perhaps the whole thing was a scheme. Meaning: That Khrushchev twwt tA Â»T1 flvu trrnnW* f arranging the Summit Corjfer- efnce for owe purpose oÂ»ly--to try to belittle Eisenhower a-nd the West by breakmg tt up rn wger. Letters To The Editor TUCSON COULD LEARN FROM ROME To the Editor: * Tourists traveling in Europe are appreciated people because they help commerce by spending their money there. If you're driving a foreign car and you commit a traffic violation, you are handed a ticket, printed in four languages, from a respectful and polite-mannered policeman, which reads: IN ROME for instance--"Dear Sir: You are welcomed among our visitors to the city. It lome- times happens that even the most careful driver infringes, without meaning to, the rules of traffic. In this particular instance you have failed to observe the rule in Article The Authorities are quite convinced that this violation was unintentional and wish you a very happy stay in Rome.-THE MAYOR." How different here when such" an occurrence happens! How many more friendly feelings would result if such minor infringements were handled here as in the above. DOES THE GREAT AMOUNT of $10 taken in for the Tucson tills mean so much? Are not the exorbitant taxes doing enough? For instance, if in a.very dead neighborhood on . a Sunday afternoon, when there is no traffic to talk of--and because you do not come to a full stop although you are just creeping along--you are suddenly apprehended by a hideout young ambitious law man who approaches you with his chest stuck out and growls at you--"Where is your driver's license?"--well, you know the rest. It's $10 payable to the city collector's office. Besides you are considered a criminal. How do you like that? T. MACEY 3431 E. Elida WHERE DO YOU STAND, SENATOR? To the Editor: In his May 27, 1960, column in the Citizen, Sen. Barry Goldwater reiterated his opposition to federal aid to education and made a strong plea for individual initiative and responsibility. TO QUOTE a pertinent passage: "The overriding questions at issue are these: Are the people of America no longer competent to solve problems by themselves? Must we run to Washington every time the roof leaks? Have we reached a point in our thinking where we want all citizens of America to be totally dependent upon the super-state--with all control centered in Washington--all responsibility assumed by Federal Spenders?" Certainly the answer to all of these questions is NO. How strange, then, that Sen. Gold- watcr has only silence for i group of his own constituents who question the wisdom ol federal military planning in Tucson. Where is his praise for the individual responsibility of these public-spirited citizens (including highly competent U of A scientists) who seek to inform "Federal Spenders" ol potentially dangerous missile sites? DOES SEN. GOLDWATER consider the Air Force to be sacrosanct and not subject to error or criticism? Does he want the citizens of Tucson, or any other city in this country to relinquish all voice in m tary matters? Or does he believe that the Pentagon, like any of the Federal Spenders, can commit errors of judgmenl and policy and should be held accountable to the citizenry? Where DO you stand, Sen Goldwater? CORNELIUS STEELINK 5849 E. Baker St. Letters to the editor must carry the complete name and street addres* of the writer. In extreme and unusual circumstances, the writer's identity nay be held confidential and . pen name used for publication purposes. Short letters are given preference. The normal max! mum allowed is Mfl words, and the right is reserved to reduce the length of longer letters i necessary. DENNIS THE MENACE Undue Election Influence By BARRY GOLDWATER U.S. Senator from Arizona Congress has long been concerned with undue influence in elections by large/aggregations of economic power. Americans lave always tended to distrust the accumulation of political power by any private or special nterest. The growth of great corporations and trusts around tiie turn of the century led to real and sometimes -justified ears that these new economic : orces were, upon occasion, ransforming their economic power into political power. IT WAS BECOMING a national scandal that certain powerful companies exercised great political power -- especially in some of the new and sparsely settled states of me West. The irresponsible exercise of such power was clearly intolerable and a Republican President, T. R. Roosevelt, in a message to Congress requested that-legislation be.jassed to,prohibit such activities. Congress, in January of 1907, passed legislation banning corporate contributions to campaigns for the election of federal officers. While no one would say the new law was entirely effective, it was, nevertheless a clear expression of public policy; the few irresponsible corporate heads who may have contributed corporate funds to federal candidates faced a genuine curb. Others who might have ;been contemplating such, action were put on warning. WHAT WAS TRUE THEN of corporate abuse has become true now of labor unions. There is this important difference: What was men a spotty and "occasional evil involving a few" corporation heads has now, among union leaders, become centrally planned and controlled. There is a further important difference- size. Power of the greatest trusts of 50 years ago to influence public elections was as nothing compared to the political power eÂ» erted now by a single mammoth economic group like the United Automobile Workers with a membership of more than - a million. In the Washington office of COPE (Committee on Political Education) there is a large political map on the wall. Here the director of COPE operates a political machine which reaches into practically every county in the United States; a machine which is financed from the dues of 13 million members of 'the AFL-CIO. BOTH THE TAFT-HARTLEY and the Corrupt Practices' Act specifically prohibit unions or corporations, as organizations, from active participation in elections involving federal office. - "How then," you will ask, "can COPE, the political arm of the AFL-CIO spend money across the nation for TV, radio, newspaper ads and printed material--all calling for election of their candidate to a federal office?" They do all this under the guise of education--a position made possible by a Supreme Court decision, holding that "a union could editorialize politically in fteir own publications. THEY MASQUERADE their political activities behind this . subterfuge and, until very recently, the Attorney General has not pressed for action to determine if this political campaigning can be called "education." The Decent indictment of a union for violation of the intent Of the law, JHus a case now before the U. .S. Supreme Court (the Looper case from Georgia), in which the state courts have held it is a violation to spend general funds for political purposes, are the only official acts threatening to curb this abuse of union power. The failure of Congress to act is, I suggest, an indication of the real political power now wielded by certain union leaders--a power totally incompatible with our concept of freedom. How do you ftand? Copyright iwo DAILY DEVOTION WEA* Your jaith should not stand in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God. (I Corinthian! 2:5.) An evangelist once said, "You can travel to heaven fifst or second da$s: Second class is, Â·What time I am afraid, I will trust'; and first class is, 'I will trust, and not be afraid.'" Why should we be Afraid? Simply because it is a po.T of human disposition. If we r.avc faith in God, however, we overcome fear. We are to!d that faith produces peace, joy, and hope to those who are truly Christian. What have we to fear in this world, knowing God upholds and sustains us in the right! PRAYE* FOÂ» TODAY: Dear Father, increase our faith in Thee that we may overcome t h e temptations vhich come daily. May we this day remember that T h o u has promised Srsce scfficnsvt ta *sss ~rtÂ» trust in Thee. Forgive tts for our lack of faith at thwf. May we go forceird pniswfc The*, flnwgh Jesws Christ ew Lord.
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