Independent from Long Beach, California on January 17, 1975 · Page 1
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Independent from Long Beach, California · Page 1

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Friday, January 17, 1975
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poiltwark worst Former Oklahoma governor indicted -r-Story on Page A-2 WEATHER Coastal fog in the morn- and tonight. High near 52 Pages , : '- HE5-1161-ClassifiedNo.HE2-5959 LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA, FRIDAY, JANUARY 17, 1975 ' ' · Volume 36-No. 55 Home Delivered Daily and Sunday-- $4.00 Per Month 9ir Arrested war foes awarded $12 million · WASHINGTON (AP) -- In an unprecedented $12 million verdict, a U.S. District Court jury Thursday awarded about $10,000 in damages to each of 1,200 persons arrested during a 1971 antiwar demonstration on the steps of the U.S. Capitol. ^ : . The jury ordered the District of Columbia government and chiefs of the metropolitan and Capitol police forces to pay the damages for violation of the arrested persons' constitutional rights, false arrest, false imprisonment and malicious prosecution. The class-action suit grew out a May 5, 1971, demonstration at the Capitol, amid a week of "Mayday" protests against the Vietnam war. Thursday's decision was the first jury verdict awarding damages in any of numerous lawsuits brought following mass arrests of protesters. Rep. Ronald V. Dellums, D-Calif., who had been speaking to the 1,200 demonstrators before police sealed off the Capitol steps and began making arrests, was not arrested but was awarded $7,500 for violation of his freedom of speech under the First Amendment. ACCORDING TO lawyers in the case and other legal observers, the verdict is believed to be the largest ever awarded in a civil suit in which no large corporations were involved. Also, observers said it marked the first time damages have ever been awarded to persons for violation of their First and Eighth Amendment rights whose claims were based directly on the U.S. Constitution, rather than being brought under civil rights laws. Attorney Warren Kaplan, who tried the case for the American Civil Liberties Union, said the massive damages award showed the jurors found the Mayday- related arrests "a tragic blight on the administration of justice in' the city and in this nation." Kaplan said he hoped the verdict would help insure that authorities "avoid a repetition of similar occurrences in the future." Government attorneys said they had no comment on the verdict. It is expected that the government will appeal the award. .' Ordered to pay the damages, along with the D.C. government, were former Metropolitan Police Chief Jerry V. Wilson and U.S. Capitol Police Chief James Powell. THIS WAS THE SCENE,at Ocean Boulevard and Locust Avenue Thursday at 6 p.m. The dense fog that had hovered near to coastline for most of the day began drifting inland shortly before sunset. By nightfall visibility was reduced to less than one-eighth of a mile as far as four miles inland. -Staff Photo by CURT JOHNSON Ford says its cure now up to Congress Combined News Services WASHINGTON -- The United States is in the midst of the worst recession of the post- World War II era, according to government statistics released Thursday. . A Commerce Department report on the nation's Gross National Product showed that output of the economy, adjusted for the effects of inflation, dropped at a startling 9.1 per cent annual rate between October and December. Inflation, meanwhile, spurted at a 13.7 per cent pace, the quickest since the department began collecting quarterly statistics in 1947. · It was the fourth consecutive quarterly decline in real, or non-inflated, GNP and James L. Pate, the department's chief economist, said the end is not in sight. ' '"I don't think we're at the trough (recession bot- . torn) yet," said Pate, predicitng that the growth rate would take another "substantial" loss in' the current January-March quarter. "THE CURRENT economic situation is very bad," he said grimly. From November 1973, when the constantly fluctuating business cycle reached its latest peak, through December 1974, the latest date for which figures are available, the GNP fell 5 per cent. That is a much bigger drop than in any of the five recessions since the end of World War II. There was a huge business contraction in 1945-46 as the economy underwent the readjustment from war to peace, but economists consider this a special case that should not be compared with the usual recession. Not since the 1930s, when the economy took two separate nose dives in the wake of the Great Depression, .has there been an economic slump as big as the one now under way. President Ford said, meantime, that the responsibility for breathing life into the nation's stagnating economy is "how on the shoulders of Congress." (Turn to Back Pg. ; Col. 2) * * * Detroit stone wall on prices crumbles New York Times Service Fog blanket closes airports . '" Dense fog blanketed coastal areas Thursday, closing Long Beach and Los Angeles International airports. It will return nightly through Sunday, the National Weather Service said. Forecasters said the fog, common this time of year, would, remain throughout the early morning hours daily until 8 or 9 a.m. : Hazy sunshine will prevail for the remainder of the day, the weather service, said. Flight- operations were halted at Los Angeles International at 6 p.m. All flights were diverted to Ontario International Airport, San Francisco or Las Vegas. At Long Beach, flights were suspended at 5 p.m. and were not expected to resume until later today. Fog cut visibility to less than 200 yards at 'the airports and one-quarter mile in other areas. Tor- ranee had zero visibility, the weather service said. . Forecasters said the fog will move 'four to eight miles inland. Weather service spokesman Bob Webster said the fog is being pushed ashore by stiff ocean breezes, breezes. Meanwhile, health advisories, were issued Thursday for'carbon monoxide concentrations in the South Bay, South Central and East San Fernando Valley areas. Except for the foggy areas and the high elevations, temperatures will be in the mid-70s throughout Southern California today, the weather service said. DETROIT--The auto industry's stone wall against price cuts appeared to be crumbling Thursday with the announcement by the- Ford Motor Co. that it was following the lead of the Chrysler Corp. in offering large rebates in an attempt to improve slumping sales. The Ford decision, disclosed by C h a i r m a n Henry Ford n, is expected to put further pressure on General Motors to offer a similar program. Ford said his company's program would include $200 rebates on small economy cars such as the Pinto and $500 rebates on small luxury cars such as the Mustang II. The program takes effect immediately and will run through the end of February. Ford said the size of the rebate "makes it a little bit sweeter than Chrysler's." IT IS BEING offered in response to the Chrysler initiative and, Ford said, because "sales, are not good at the moment." "Our program will differ f r o m Chrysler's- in (Turn to Back Pg., Col. 4) Reps. Patman, Hays survive; Hebert, Poage voted down CONGRESSIONAL leaders who won and lost in Democratic Caucus talk with newsmen Thursday. Rep. Wright Patman, left, survived revolt, as did Rep. Wayne Hays, center in rear, who beat off challenge from Rep: Frank Thompson, shown with him. F. Edward Hebert, right photo, lost post . By RICHARD D. LYONS New York Times Service WASHINGTON-Demo- c r a t i c representatives voted Thursday to unseat the long-term chairmen of the House Armed Services and the Agriculture comm i t t e e s , t h r o w i n g congressional traditions into turmoil for the second successive day. But after voting narrowly to depose chairmen F. Edward Hebert of Armed Services and W.R. Poage of Agriculture, the 291- m e m b e r D e m o c r a t i c majority in the House re- j e c t e d W e d n e s d a y ' s recommendations of its leaders to dump two other veteran chairmen, Wright Patman of Banking and Currency and Wayne L. H a y s of House Administration. The result is not only that the chairmanships of these four committees remain unsettled but also t h a t the seats could remain unfilled for up to two w e e k s while arguments rage over who should occupy them. It is also highly probable that some of the former chairmen will regain t h e i r seats. ' U n t i l Wednesday the selection of new committee chairmen, positions of enormous power and prestige, was considered to be a mere formality with the ranking committee mem- bers inheriting the seats according to seniority. But upheaval followed, triggered by the 75 newly elected Democratic repre- s e n t a t i v e s w h o a r e younger and more liberal than the incumbents, coupled with demands from within and outside Congress for c h a n g e s in established traditions. Thursday's topsy-turvy actions were viewed as either "chaotic" or "a revolution in the democratic process," depending on the point of view of the congressman. The common thread seemed to be dissatisfaction with the nominations made Wednesday bv the 24-member House Democratic Steering and Policy C o m m i t t e e , w h i c h includes the party's top representatives such as Speaker Carl Albert and Majority Leader Thomas P. O'Neill. In Wednesday's action, - the Steering and Policy Committee nominated Hebert and Poage, by identical votes of 14 to 10, to r e t a i n t h e i r c h a i r m a n ships. Yet T h u r s d a y the D e m o c r a t i c C a u c u s , meeting b e h i n d closed doors on the House floor, rejected Hebert of Louisi- Foreign support of radicals was feared Helms defends CIA's domestic spying IKTSIDH; INDEPENDENT Bv SEYMOUR M. HERSH New York Times Service WASHINGTON-Richard Helms, former director of Central Intelligence, told Congress Thursday that the CIA had become involved in domestic spying on a presidential authority because of "the sudden and quite dramatic upsurge of extreme radicalism in this counlry and abroad" beginning in the I n t o 1950s. . Meanwhile, Sen. Howard H R n k o r J r . . R- Tcnn., said that his investigation into any CIA involvement in Watergate had disclosed that the agency compiled dossiers on a former Senate aide and a New York private investigator. Discussing the agency's spying, Helms, in a four- page statement released by the Senate Armed Services intelligence subcommittee, said: "By and in itself this violence, this dissent, this · radicalism were of no direct concern to the Central Intelligence Agency. , "It became so only in the decree that the trouble was inspired by, or coordinated with, or funded by, anti-American sub- version mechanisms abroad." "In such event," he added, "the CIA had a real, a clear and proper function to perform, but in collaboration with the FBI the agency did per form that function in response to the express concern of the President." Helms, now U . S . ambassador to Iran, who served as the agency's director from I960 to 1973, did not say in his statement which president had authorized what. Nor was it i m m e d i a t e l y clear which radical groups in the late 1950s had been responsible for precipitat- ing the CIA's domestic activities. The time period cited by Helms, including his years as CIA director, covered the presidencies of Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson and Richard M. Nixon. In a -15-page statement released V,V,-ln,-TM-{ay by another Senate subcommittee, William E. Colby, the present director of Central Intelligence, acknowledged that the agency had infiltrated undercover agents into antiwar and dissident political groups inside the United .Stales as part of a conn- terintelligence program that--beginning in 1967-led to the accumulation of files on 10,000 American citizens. Five Senate and House committees and subcommittees have announced hearings into allegations of domestic spying and President Ford has established an eight-member : "blue-ribbon" commission to conduct its own inquiry for the executive branch. Helms and Colby testified in secret Thursday morning before the subcommittee headed by Sen. t.u., ft O4 n »»; r . n MI*,. ituilli v/ mvimio, t/'t-ii^o., who is chairman of the Armed Services Commit- tee. Stennis later ordered the release of Helms's statement. Helms's t e s t i m o n y , which acknowledged that the CIA had participated in some domestic operations, appeared to contradict previous testimony on the same subject that he gave before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee during confirmation hearings on . his ambassadorial appointment m February, 1973. Asked whether the CIA had become involved in the widespread domestic r n ..i«rt in IK!) ml IQ70 ·iv"n ··· ,---- ---(Turn to Back Pg., Col. 5) · NATIONWIDE postal strike threatened. Page A-2. · COLSON LAWYER questions John Dean statement on Burger-Nixon talks. Page A-8. · SECRETARY SIMON vows he will not resign Treasury post. Page A-10. · SUPERVISOR HAYES blasts President's energy program as a "gimmick." Page A-ll. · SOUTHLAND EVENTS. Page B-8. Action Line B-5 Amusements B-12,13 Classified C-15 Comics C-8 Editorial B-2 Financial C-6,7 Life/Style :. B-10,11 Obituaries C-l-t Shipping C-14 Sports Cl-5 TeddThomcy O12 Television B-14

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