THE LEAVENWORTH TIMES Ninety-Sixth Year. No. 118 LEAVENWORTH, KANSAS, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 20,1952.—TWELVE PAGES (4 O'CLOCK HOME EDITION)—PRICE 58 Top Re d S AH Set For Fishing Rodeo Call Party Congress Sweeping Reorganization Replaces Old Politburo With New Presidium MOSCOW (AP) — The Soviet Union's ruling Communist Party announced Wednesday that it will hold Its first party Congress in 13 years on Oct. 5 to give the party a sweeping reorganization and set up a fifth five year plan to increase Soviet industrial output 70 per cent by the end of 1955. A decree of the party's central committee, published in all Moscow papers, said the party's top control body, its Politburo, would be replaced by a "Presidium" which would have the function of "guiding the work of the party central, committee sions." between ses- The changes in party organization ase provided in a new statute to be taken up by the Congress. It is clear that the new Presidium of the central committee will have as much or perhaps even more importance than the present Politburo, it is also , conceivable— indeed, probable—that it will have much the same composition. However, not until after the new statutes are adopted by the coming 19th party Congress in October and the election of the new central committee will the makeup of the Presidium be known. Under the new statutes, the secretariat of the central committee apparently retains much the same functions as under the previous statutes, but the new central committee theoretically can make changes.in this respect, too. "The statutes now heavily stress discipline and vigilance. One of the aims, stated in the statutes, is "to strengthen by all means the active defense of the Soviet motherland from the aggressive actions of its enemies." The Politburo, deriving its power theoretically from the central committee of the Communist Party, is in fact the ruling body of the Soviet Union, and thus of world Communism. It is made up of Prime Minister Joseph Stalin, party general secretary, and 10 others, plus a number of alternate members, and has wielded unquestioned authority under Stalin. Nixon Wants Adlai to Speak Out on Truman HAMPTON BEACH, N. H. HI — Sen. Richard Nixon Wednesday challenged Gov Adlai Stevenson to refuse or accept publicly President Truman's support and say whether he would keep Dean Acheson as secretary of state, uphold the Brannan farm program and favor federal control of coastal tidelands. The Republican vice-presidential nominee further challenged Stevenson to reject "the support of the big city bosses," in the coming presidential election. Nixon charged that these bosses "have been largely responsible" for what Nixon called "the corruption of the Truman administration." In an address for an. outdoor Republican meeting at this beach resort, Nixon insisted Stevenson was "handpicked by Truman" for the Democratic presidential nomination. Nixon said "the Truman ma chine took over the Democratic convention and. . . cast aside the candidate the people had indicated they wanted in the primaries." And he added "the Truman gang is still pulling the strings and running the show." "The time has come," Nixon said, "for Mr. Stevenson to choose between Truman and the people. He cannot ride the fence." Arn Backs Moyer for GOP Post Governor "Will Support Slate Chairman's Bid To Retain Party Job j ^ TOPEKA (AP)—Gov. Am worth, Robert Nebrig, recreation director! and a committee" from j said Wednesday "it would be The boy and girl catching the'largest fish, the smallest fish, the largest Bluegill, the largest number of fish, and the boy and girl who traveled the farthest to attend—they all get prizes at the Mayor's fifth annual fishing rodeo. The fishing rodeo for boys and girls under 16 will be between 8 a.m. and 1 p.m. Saturday at Smith Lake at Fort Leavenworth. The boys and girls are to bring their own equipment and bait. Participants will register the first hour. Mayor Ted Sexton and Jerry Bqling, president of the Leavenworth County Fish and Game Assn., will present the prizes at 1 p.m. The wives of non-commissioned officers will serve a free lunch to the..boys and girls taking part in the fishing rodeo. Co-chairmen ,for the event are Sfc. Roy Eubank, Fort Leaven- the fish and game association, James Kelsey, Sheriff Herb Nye, H. G. Nease, Frank Roberts and Bill Kindig. Communist Party Congress Heralds Stronger Dictatorship By WILLIAM L. RYAN ' -AP Foreign "Ken's Analyst Moscow's an nouncement Wednesday of the convocation Oct 5 of the first all-union Communist Party Congress in 13 years indicates a strengthening of the Soviet dictatorship all along the line. This announcement has been in the making since 1947, but its tim- Ike Loads Guns For Big Attack On Democrats BOISE, Idaho W) — Dwight D. Eisenhower loaded his campaign guns for a speech Wednesday attacking the Democrats and calling on America to follow a middle ground course, "rejecting both the extreme left and right." The Republican presidential nominee flew here to make a major address from the State Capitol steps. Aides were describing it as the general's first frankly political speech since he became the party's standard bearer. In advance of the campaign secretary, Arthur H. Vandenberg Jr., put out a statement setting forth points the general expected to cover. Vandenberg said: "General -• Eisenhower in his speech, will denounce the attempts of leftist political groups to monopolize agreed social goals and to claim that theirs is the only way to achieve them. "The present administration, the general will charge, is running this year with new faces but will continue to offer schemes like the Brannan (farm)- plan, socialized medicine and bigger and more centralized government as its only solution to some of the pressing problems that confront -America today. "The general will say that some goals on w^iich Americans today are agreed — employment and good wages, adequate security for old age, better education, better housing, protection of the rights of labor, protection of the right to earn and save, stable agriculture—can be won only if America chooses a course squarely down the middle, rejecting .both the extreme right and extreme left." ing gives it implications which can mean the difference between war and peace. Moscow's announcement that it is doing away with the Politburo does not mean abolition of an all- powerful governing body. On the contrary, the announced new Presidium, to act between sessions of the party central committee, will have even more power. It will take over the duties of the organizations bureau, which controls the appointment of key o f f i c i a 1 s throughout the party and government network. • The announcement once again brings mysterious Georgi Malen- kov, 50, owl-faced protege of Stalin, sharply to the fore. Malenkov probably has had more of a hand in this revision than any other man. It is Malenkov who is most widely regarded as the successor to Stalin. If the program was along in the preparation, it will be swift in execution, and will be hailed by the controlled Soviet press as a step "toward Communism" and toward peace. It will "likely be neither. MITCHELL TAKES OVER WASHINGTON (St — Gov. Adlai E. Stevenson's man Friday—Stephen A. Mitchell—takes over formal control of the Democratic National Committee Wednesday. The action apparently severs just about the last direct link by which President Truman might influence the planning of Steven- son's.campaign for the presidency. Eire Truck Fails To Reach York York, Nebr. is probably wondering today if gear-less horses aren't better than motorized fire equipment About 4:45 p.m. Tuesday City Clerk John Walker got a call. It was York's two firemen who had gotten to Atchison when the bearings began to knock on- the Diamond T ladder truck their city had purchased from Leavenworth. The men. Assistant Chief Cleo Campbell and Fireman Fred Beaver, informed Walker the bearings had to be replaced and the work was going to have to be done at Atcliison. Walker told the citjv commissioners about it at their meeting last night. They expressed surprise and, after discussing it, decided York still got a good bargain for 53,000. The Nebraska city is replacing a horse drawn ladder wagon which has been in use more than 50 years. most satisfactory to me" if the Republican State Committee should decide to reelect C. I. Moyer as the party's state chairman. The governor's statement came as a new issue appeared on the horizon to involve the important party job which will be filled during the party council sessions here next Tuesday. A resolution to return the job to a non-paying basis was adopted unanimously by the Crawford- County Republican Central Committee at its meeting in Pittsburg Tuesday night. There has been talk that Moyer might be opposed for re-election, WASHINGTON (SI — American diplomats said Wednesday that Russia's move to abolish the Politburo is aimed at fooling outsiders as well as Russian citizens into believing the Communist Party setup is being democratized. Experts familiar with Soviet affairs viewed the call for a Communist Party Congress—the first in 13 years—and the announcement of a new five-year producion plan as a combination of (A) propaganda and (B) Communist Party necessity. The word'"Politburo," these officials noted, has become a byword for dictatorship even inside Russia. but the man mentioned for most frequently the job, McDill (Huck) Boyd, Phillipsburg publisher, has let it be known he isn't seeking the post. In endorsing Moyer, Arn said he did so with the knowledge that the wishes of the party's candidate for governor are usually welcomed by the state committee in selecting its chairman. "Moyer was state chairman during the all-successful Republican campaign of 1950 and I understand he and the other officers who assisted him on the state committee would like to continue in their respective capacities," the governor said in a statement, adding: "I have heard of no.other candidates for such responsibility and if their re-election is the desire of the state committee, such procedure would be most satisfactory to me." Moyer left a 56,000-a-year job as a member of the state tax commission to take the party chairmanship. He is the only paid officer of the state committee and while his salary has not.been disclosed, most sources • place__it_in_the vicinity of STjOOOa'year. The other state committee officers are Mrs. Pearl Josserand, Johnson, vice-chairman; W. R. Hagman, Pittsburg, secretary, and John McCuish, Newton, treasurer. | The resolution adopted by the Crawford County organization suggested that if the party council sessions decide to continue the policy of a paid state chairman the salary would be made public along with the names of those who j contribute to its payment. Urges Program To Avoid Coup in Iran Air Force Hits at Red Supply Areas WASHINGTON «t— The U. S. reportedly has urged Britain to join in an Anglo-American emergency aid program for strategic Iran to avert a possible Communist coup. Secretary of State Acheson is reported to have made this plea in a memorandum to British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden within the past 10 days. Acheson is said to have stressed the need for quick joint action to keep Iran's vast oil resources from falling by default into Russian hands. American diplomats indicated the British are decidedly cool to Acheson's idea,. but apparently have not flatly rejected it. Daughter of Ewald Behnke Died Yesterday at Riley Mrs. Charlotta J. Ganter, daughter of Maj. and Mrs. Ewald Behnke formerly of Leavenworth, died yesterday at the Fort Riley station hospital. The Behnke family lived here for a number of years before the lasfe. way. Major Behnke was then an ROTC instructor in Leavenworth schools. Mrs. Ganter is survived by her parents and a brother, Lt. Carl Behnke, Fort Riley. The funeral will be Saturday in Norfolk, Neb. SEOUL, Korea Iff) — The U. S. Fifth Air Force said about 200 air force and navy warplanes hit a Communist ammunition supply and troop billeting area Wednesday on the Korea West Coast about 25 miles northwest of the Red capital of Pyongyang. The air force said U. S. Sabre jets damaged one of four Russian- made MIG-15 jets intercepted about 100 miles north of Pyongyang. Planes from American carriers operating on the Korean East Coast hit the target first—shortly after noon. They were followed by Fifth* Air Force fighter-bombers. There were 'eight separate tar- Nine Cockney Busmen at Home After 12,000 Mile Tour oi US LONDON (.»—Nine Cockney bus-,fornia. more attractive than those men came home Wednesday from a 12,000-mile tour of the U. S. and Canada and told of a continent crowded with mountains of food,' well-dressed women and looney over here." Dennis hastily explained that what he meant was that the milder weather in the states allows American women to wear Four were smashed by navy pilots and four by air force fliers. Returning pilots reported early claims of 58 buildings demolished and- five damaged. Big explosions rocked the area as bombs smacked into ammunition stores. Flames raged through the target a center of more than 300 buildings. Pistol Duel Recalls Days Of Old West in Topeka TOPEKA (ff) — The days of the old West were revived here Tuesday night when two men fought a pistol 'duel on a downtown street. Eight shots were exchanged across the street at the corner of Fourth and Quincy, but neither of the duelists was hit. Two motor cars were damaged by the bullets. Police arrested Paul Culton, 29, and Norman Brown, 24, on charges of discharging firearms within the city limits. Officers said an old grievance ROLLER-SKATING ROOSTER— Buster, whose owner is teaching him to roller-skate, glides under a playmate's legs during a practice run. Buster's legs are taped to the skates and when his owner, Billy Lehr of Los Angeles, gives him a push Buster rolls along until his momentum stops. Once in a while Buster lifts one skate as if he's getting the idea. (Wirephoto) Henry /. Haskell Dies In Kansas City Today KANSAS CITYl/PI — HENRY J. Haskell, 78, editor of the Kansas City Star, died Wednesday. A member of the Star's staff 54 years, Haskell became director of the editorial page in 1910 and had been editor since 1928. He was a director and vice president of the Kansas City Star. His son, Henry J. Haskell Jr., is foreign editor of the Star. A sister and five grandchildren also survive. The sister is Miss Mary Haskell, Los Angeles, for many years a missionary in Bulgaria. . Pope Creates New Province For Kansans WASHINGTON W — Kansas has been made a new ecclesiastical province to be headed by an archbishop by an order o£ Pope Pius xn. Thew new province will be administered by the Most Reverend Edward J. Hunkeler, of Kansas City,, Kas.. who will have the title of archbishop. The order by Pope Pius severed the state of Kansas from its ecclesiastical ties with St". Louis and designated the diocese of Kansas City, Kas., as the metropolitan see. In addition to the diocese of Kansas City as the metropolitan see, the new province includes these suffragan sees: Wichita, the Most Rev. Mark K. Carroll; Salina, The Most Rev. Frank A. Thill, and Dodge City, The Most Rev. John B. Franz. Oskaloosa Ready For Big Reunion Oskaloosa—The Jefferson County old settlers reunion will be held here Thursday, Friday and Saturday this week. The reunion is an annual homecoming for former residents of the county. The Cart and Saddle Club of Jefferson County will stage a horse show and pulling contest Thursday night. Friday will be Democrat Day and at 2 p.m. Charles Rooney, governor candidate will speak. Saturday will be Republican Day and Rep. Alert Cole and state GOP chairman C.I. Moyer will speak. Amateur programs with contests for cash prizes will be presented Thursday afternoon, Friday afternoon and Friday evening. There will be plenty ; of free entertainment and a street carnival too, The Oskaloosa Independent reports. blokes who drink their tea with lightweight and therefore more snoO tine ir-a in it _<.* .:..- -1-1. isiiuuung. jLone Bandit in Mask Robs Arkansas Bank REYNO, Ark. Iff) — A lone bandit wearing a black mask robbed the Farmers and Merchants Bank ice in it. KECORD POLIO IX TEXAS AUSTIN, Tex. H>i — The highest number of polio cases ever! The Cockneys toolj their towering doubledeckers abroad five months ago as an official "Come ! lo Britain" stunt to attract tou'r- ;'.sts, but while in America, they got an eyeful themselves. attractive clothes. All the busmen were flabbergasted by Americans who put ice in their tea. The senior Cockney driver, DIES AFTER LEAP MIAMI, Fla (Pi — A man who plunged from the 13th floor of a game led to thej here of about s ^ m Wednesday after locking two bank officials and a customer in the vault. He escaped without leaving an apparent trail. Police broadcast an alarm for —The Weather- — KANSAS FORECAST—Partly cloudy through tomorrow with .scattered thunderstorms central tonight and northeast tomorrow forenoon; cooler west and extreme north tonight and over central and northeast tomorrow; low tonight 60 northwest to 70's southeast; high, tomorrow 85-80 north, to 90's south. TEMPERATURES—Today: Early maximum .. 90 at 1 p. m. Minimum 75 at 6 a. m. Yesterday: Maximum 91 at 4 p. m. Minimum 68 at 6 a. m. A year ago: 83: 63. BIVER STAGE — 8.8 feet, a fall since yesterday of .8 of a foot, 'and 132. below flood stage. PRECIPITATION— From 1 p. m. yesterday to 1 p. m. today: none. SUNRISE—5:36. and sunset, 7:07. (Temperature readings from the KP&L Service.) Farm Prices May Be Issue Again in '52 By OVID A. 3IABTIX WASHINGTON W — Will farm prices become a major issue on how farmers vote for president this year? Four years ago at this time, they were a red hot political topic Secretary of Agriculture Brannan iiad already taken out after the Republican-controlled 80th Con gress, blaming it for a sharp downturn in grain prices. The Brannan campaign has been credited with a-major role in obtaining the Midwestern farm support that helped President Tru man win his upset victory over Gov. Thomas E. Dewey. Insofar as prices are concerned the history of 1948 is being re peated to a considerable extent this year. Farm prices as a whole -as well as prices of many in dividual farm products—are lower now than they were at this time in 1948 and a year ago. Yet, little political attention has been focused on this situation— either by Democrats or Republicans. Some poliitcal observers have predicted that farmers will be more interested this fall in such issues as war and peace, taxes, government controls, and charges of corruption and Communism in government, than in farm prices. Agriculture Department reports show that farm prices as a whole are two per cent lower than at this time in 1948. They, show also that the prices farmers pay out for what they.need are about 10 per cent higher than in 1948. This year department reports show market prices for wheat are further beiow the federal .price support level titan they were in 1948. In the summer of 1948, farmers received an average of 51.98 a bushel for wheat or only two cents below the support level. Plan To Pave f Tenth Avenue And Vilas The City Commission Tuesday night decided to pave Tenth Avenue from Pennsylvania south to Vilas, Vilas from Tenth Avenue to Fifteenth and Fifteenth from Vilas to the Limit entrance to Greenwood Cemetery. Because it is a street leading to a cemetery the law provides that two-thirds of the cost shall be paid by the property owners and that one-third of the cost shall be paid by the city at large. Under the cemetery street law, however, property owners h aV e no right to protest the action. City commissioners pointed out at their meeting that the road is one of the most used entrances to the city and that they are worn out by protests over the poor condition of the street. Street Superintendent Bernarc Cassella stated the city spent ?3 000 last year trying to keep the street in good condition. Property owners living along the street have appeared several times before the commission asking that something be done to stop the heavy d u s and put the road in good condition. They have never agreed to have it .paved, however. , , City Attorney Thomas Brown Jr was instructed to prepare the ordinance for the paving to be.reac at next week's commission meeting. An ordinance was read last night providing for fee deposit boxes downtown in which motorists who have overstayed their parking meter time may deposit 50 cents instead of having to appear at the police department and post a $1 cash appearance bond. Police were to begin cutting pipe today on which to put the boxes. Another ordinance read provides for the issuance of temporary notes up to a total of $120,000 to pay for paving already being done The first temporary note for §30,000 was passed. A third ordinance al lowed 548,422.41 in claims. The commissioners approved the transfer of 54,000 from the civi defense fund to the no fund war rant fund. This fund has been used to pay for street and now fire equipment for which the city has no cash on hand. The results of tests made by the Kansas Inspection Bureau on two new 750-gallon pumper fire trucks was received by the board. The inspector reported the machines satisfactory. A continuation certificate for a surety bond was filed by Bert S. Lord, electrician. Plans Made For School Enrollment New Boundaries To Make Some Changes; Sept. 5 Is Date Set To Report Enrollment in all public schools in Leavenworth will be Friday, Sept. 5. Classes begin Monday, Sept. 8, Superintendent of Schools Hugh C. Bryan announced today. New boundaries established by the Board of Education will cause some changes from :he schools where children have been attending, Bryan said. Leavenworth Junior High School students are asked to report at 9 a.m. Friday, Sept. 5. All ^eavenworth High School students are to report Sept. 5 for regular enrollment between 8:30 and 11:30 a.m., or 1:15 to 3:15 p.m. In the elementary schools, Bryan explained, enrollment will be at the several buildings Sept. 5 on the following schedule: persons whose last names begin with D,E,F,G, or H should report at 9 a.m.; those whose last names begin with I, J, K, L, or M should report at 10 a.m.; those whose last names begin with N, O, P, Q, R, or S should report at 11 a.m.; those with last names beginning with T, U, V, W, Y, or Z should report at 1:30 p.m.; and those beginning with A, B, or C should report at 2:30 p.m. Last year this alphabetical arrangement was used and found quite satisfactory, the superintendent said. If parents will come at the scheduled time, there will be a minimum of waiting, Bryan added. This year at the elementary school level, the parents are asked to report to the school and enroll their children, Bryan said. It will not be necessary for the children to be brought to the school at enrollment time. Enrollment, in reality, he explained, is the giving o£.a considerable amount of information abbout the child which only the' parent can accurately supply. This also gives the parent and teacher an opportunity to become acquainted, at the beginning of the school year, Bryan said. Transfers to other schools wfll not be granted in advance of enrollment this year, Bryan^said. Parents who desire to send their children to a school other than the one designated by the Board of Education to serve the aea, must complete the enrollment at the proper school. Application forms for transfer will be available at the school. Transfer requests will be acted upon at the end of the first school day, Sept 8, Bryan explained. When the transfer is granted, the enrollment form will-be sent to the new Fatzer Says Recess Not Legal, Democrats Say TheyDon'tCare By JAMES E. LAWSON TOPEKA W — Atty. Gen. Harold R. Fatzer Wednesday reversed and earlier opinion by his department that the Democtats could legally recess their party council sessions next Tuesday and hold them the following Saturday. Charles Rooney, Democratic nominee for governor had announced Tuesday that his party planned to recess its council sessions because the Republicans "have grabbed all the best hotel Rooney said the change had been approved by Fatzer and is a legal one although it fails to follow the letter of the State Election Law setting the last Tuesday in August for the party councils. Rooney's announcement immediately drew the observation in Republican quarters that the Democrats wanted a peek at the GOP platform. The attorney general said he has since consulted the statutes, found the law to require all political parties to hold their council meetings the last Tuesday in August. The statutes say, Fatzer continued, that council sessions are to "proceed thereupon and forthwith" to draft platforms for publication not later than 6 p. m. on the day of adjournment of the sessions. "The law is very clear," Fatzer said. "But I don't know that there is anything anybody can do if the Democrats decide not to hold a council session. Asked if the Democrats will go ahead with the recessed session plan as announced, Rooney re- Miami office building and crashedj a yellow convertible automobile! The fireworks were set off recorded in Texas in a single year! Albert C. Dennis, 34, startled was reached last week when 214;staid Britons at a London recep-l new cases boosted .the year's total tion for the busmen by declaring to 2,784. that "temperature, just tempera- The total broke the old recordjture, is what makes American me- Ainericanj of 2,778 cases set in 1950. j women, especially those in Cali-jpeople," he said. George James Gwynn, 61, was j through the roof of an adjoining 'two-story structure died Wednes- struck by the "almost unbelievable hospitality" of the Ameri recep-jcans, and the speed of American .i-_:— p ar ti cu i ar ]y the way the traf- day, more than 11 hours after his spectacular fall. Charles R. Svoboda, 41. a former] persons locked in the vault, said lemploye in the building from which,she robber broke into the bank seen parked near the 1 bank just before the stickup. Glenn Brown, vice president of i from the attorney general's office the bank, and one of the three jholding that recessed council ses- "The Americans are a go-aheadhe leaped, died early Wednesday morning. through a rear door and hid until the bank opened. sions were legal was erroneous. Fatzer said the letter went out ove*- his signature and during his absence. plied: "You bet we will. Just because the statehouse palace guard hadn't talked with Fatzer when we announced our plans, doesn't change things a nickel's worth. "Suppose we don't even go to the trouble of labelling our expres- Wednesday when Fatzer called Rooney and reported that a letter sions as a platform, but just say it is a declaration of party principles? that? Both sides seem to agree there would be nothing, dona about it. school by the pricipal. Bryan outlined the new boundaries for the city's schools. If parents have any doubt about where they should enroll their children they may call the Board of Education office. The telephone number The North Broadway school will See PLANS, Page 2. Easlon Rural High School Enrollment on Friday Eaton Rural High School enrollment will be.Friday, Alfred Birdsell, principal, announced this morning. Seniors and transferees should report at 10 a.m. and all other students should report at U a.m., he said. The school will have a larger enrollment and will offer a broader curriculum, Birdsell added, since it will operate busses this year for the first time in its history. The principal said anyone not already contacted in regard to transportation should get i n touch with him as soon as possible. Last year the school's enrollment was about 30. This year Birdsell exp'ects it to reach 50. New courses which may be offered are manual training, shorthand, a laboratory science, band and agriculture. Mississippi Democrats Can Evade GOP Label JACKSON, Miss, ffl -^- Mississippi Democrats can vote their choice between Gov. Adlai Stevenson and Dwight Eisenhower on Nov. 4 without crossing party lines. Democrats for Eisenhower helped the GOP nominee dodge the Republican label in this "solid South" state by pledging a slate of independent electors to him Tuesday. In this way Democratic support"What will Dick Fatzer do about ers of the retired five-star general may vote for him without marking ballots for the Republican electors.
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