The Daily Free Press from Carbondale, Illinois on January 16, 1920 · Page 1
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The Daily Free Press from Carbondale, Illinois · Page 1

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Friday, January 16, 1920
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THE DAILY Ciarbondale—"Athens of Egypt." VOLUME 17. UNCOVER HUGE U. S. SHIP GRAFT Government Defrauded of Billion "_ Dollars by Pacific Coast ! . Shipbuilders. CARBONDALE; ILLINOIS, FRIDAY, JAN. 16,1920. NUMBER 20 MAGNATES ARE INVOLVED Grand Juries to Act in Three States— Fraud Said to Have Been ' , Worked by Payment of r False Vouchers. San Francisco, Jan. 16.—Frauds. Involving more than $1,000,000,000 in connection with the build'ine of ships for die government in Oregon, Washington and California have been unearthed by government investigators, it became known here when William H. Tidwell, special agent of the treasury department,, was appointed chief assistant to Special Assistant United ' States Attorney General Bert Schlesinger here. The government, according to infor- " mation from authoritative sources, is alleged t<\have been defrauded through shipyard conspiracies working by the payment of false vouchers 'for sums that.shipbuilders obtained illegally. Score of Magnates Involved. A score of very prominent shipbuild-. Ing-magnates are understood, to be involved in the investigation, .which is said to have reached the stege calling tor special federal grand jury sessions In the cities . of Oregon,. Washington ': find California where big shipbuilding plants are located. • ' Cost-plus contracts awarded by the ivecnment for construction of vessels uring the war, by which the builders •ere allowed 10 per cent over what they claimed to be the oost of construction, were said to have been the ' • medium of the alleged frauds. First Jury Action in Seattle. .. Assistant Attorney General Schles- Irger is to leave for Seattle, -where, it 'is understood, the-first federal grand Jury sessions dealing with the report. ed discoveries of government agents working -under ' Schlesinger will be . held. Subsequent meetings of federal Brand juries will be held in other large cities of the coast in rapid succession, it was said. .It is understood that Attorney General Palmer, on the strength. of the scope of the alleged discoveries of graft, has ordered the United States shipping board to hold up claims approximating $37,000,000 to await the outcome of the investigation. Silent in Washington. Washington, Jan. 16.—Department of justice officials .admitted an in- A vestigation of financial transactions in * Pacific coast shipbuilding had been ordered, but declined to indicate the nature of the evidence obtained. Officials of the shipping board likewise were silent' on the reported disclosures of fraud. Th'e investigation, It was recalled, . was -instigated by former Chairman Hurley of the shipping board. It was the intention of the board, about eights months ago, to go into th'e ,.-, books of the shipbuilding companies .Itself, but plans later were changed and the entire matter turned over to -.-Attorney General Palmer. "There was. no intimation at that time, however, that the alleged fraud would attain any such proportions as government agents now believe they have .uncovered. Names of Suspects~Veiled. Information Vhich came out piecemeal hece tended to show that at least - seven large'shipbuilding corporations were involved in the alleged- fraud. REDS FIGHT BRITISH WILLIAM LEROY EMMET. Enver Pasha, Backed by Moscow Gold, Leads Bolshevists. First Time on Record That Anarchist Movement Wa« Started by a Monarch. Geneva, Switzerland, Jan. 16.—En ver'Pasha, former Turkish minister o war, who was recently elected kin of Kurdistan, has started a bolshevls revolt In Turkestan, Afghanistan an Baluchistan, according to a 'telegram from Baku. Enver is said to have many follow ers and is. directing his energle against British prestige in southwest ern Asia, the ultimate aim being India Large sums of money, it is reported have been furnished Enver by the so viet government in Moscow. This is the first time' on record tha a bolshevist movement has been start ed by a monarch. The Hague, Holland, Jan. IG.-^Th apparent bolshevist movement in part of southern Asia and the East Indie is not so much-genuine bolshevism a it is a movement directed against Great Britain,* according to a Dutcl pfBcial who is In constant touch will affairs in the far East. "We have learned," the,offlcia.l toll a correspondent, "thn': delegation from Afghanistan, from British India and from some- other- Asiatic coun tries, have been at Moscow in close communication with the soviet gov ernment. t ."It is apparent that those who seek nld from the Russian'bolshevik! alriios invariably are those elements which have fought British rule in India o British control in other portions of the East. Their aim is simply to Hussion hacking for their anti-British campaign." FAIL TO ELECT LEADER Their identity was not disclosed and probably \vill not be. until federal indictments have been obtained and executed. The government was said to be preparing its case with a view to avoiding certain legal technicalities wliich hsive .led to long-drawn-out fights In .'it- tempts to recoiVn- illegally paid funds . on certain other war-time contracts. The opinion among officials here seemed to be that the alleged fraudulent transactions were limited to yards on the Pacific coast. It w:is said that no reasons tor investigating Atlantic • and gulf coast yards had been presented thus far. Although' several illegal transactions were discovered in some o£ the Eastern .yards shortly after the signing of the armistice they were cleared up without resort to courts. Democratic Senators Unable to Name Chief —Vote Results in Tie. Between Underwood and Hitchcock. Washington, Jan. 16.—Democratic senators in. caucus failed to elect a leader. A deadlock on a tie vote developed, between Senators ITItchcnck of Nebraska and Underwood of Alabama, and tile caucus adjourned subject to. the call of the two candidates. Two ballots were taken and the count on each was 19 to 10, with Senator Smith of Georgia 'withholding his vote. The next caucus will be held nfter Secretary Glass, appointed senator 'from Virginia, takes his seat. He understood to.favor Underwood. The ca-ucus voted to invite Mr. Glass to today's meeting or allow his vote to be cast, but Senator Underwood decided not to press the matter. MICHIGAN WINS SNOW FIGHT Relief Reaches Towns Cut Off Blizzard—Trains Are Run- .ning Again. by Muskegon, Mich., Jan. 16.—Relief has reached most of the cities of northwestern Michigan which have been snowbound since Tuesday's blizzard. Pere Marquette railroad officials announced most lines were open. Aid is being rushed' to some of the cities threatened with coal and food famines. Hundreds of passengers, snowbound since Tuesday in various places, are arriving. Trains are hours behind schedule. WELCH SPOIL SPEECH BY DRY Doctor Henry, an American Prohibitionist Gives Up Attempt in Bedlam of Noises. - Ton-y-Pandy, Wales, Jan. 16.—Anti- prohibition demonstrators broke up a temperance conference here. The demonstrators entered the hall where Doctor Henry, an American prohibitionist, was speaking, beat a bass drum, .playpd miscellaneous musical instruments nnd sang football sb'ngs. Doctor Henry finally abandoned the attempt to continue his address. .William M'Roy . Emmet has been awarded the Edison medal for 1019 for meritorious achievement in electrical science. His most notable recent achievement was , the designing of the -electric propulsion machinery for the battleships New Mexico and California. lie also designed the electrical machinery for the collier'Ju- piter, the tirst navnl vessel toibe electrically propelled. LUCY PAGE GASTON. NEW RED WAR FEAR£D Britain Faces Hostilities After Six Days'Peace. BLISS WARNS OF WAR Will Come, if Poland Fails Before Russian Reds. leneral and Baker Urge United States to Furnish Aid to Help Fight Off Bolsheviki. • Washin.trton, Jan. , 16.—Recommendations that the United States furnish surplus military supplies to Pound to aid .it in repelling the west- vard advance of ,the bolshevikl have >een ninde to tlie state department >y Secretory "Baker. General revival of war'in Europe, if "•olaml prove .unable to withstand the lussian biiishevisi armies,'Is not "irn- irobuhli'," GiMieral Illiss. who is a member of tlie American poace delegation, told the house ways and means committee. "Poland is the only bulwark against •nlshevism." .said General Rliss, \vlio ipppRred before the committee to dis-- :uss 'he proposed loan of ?liiO,000,000 or food relief in. Eiiorpe..' . ' I Military experts are of the "grow- j ng opinion" that the "Moscow govern-1 inent will turn toward Poland," Gen- | ral Bliss stated, adding that the Rus- ilans outnumbered the Poles, were veil trained, well equipped, and well ed, .while the Poles were "poorly quipped in everything." The allied governments. General liss continued, should be called on y the United States to give some of leir surplus miltlary supplies to the D oles, if this country should establish 150,000,000 or credits for European ountries to buy food here. MO MEDALS FOR PRIVATES Lucy Page Gascon of Chicago, famous as the foe of the ciga'ret, wants to run for president on a platform of which the chief plank is: "It is imperative that the manufacture, sale and giving away of cigarets or cigaret •papers be absolutely pA>hibited." GERMANY DENIES PACTWITH REDS Manifesto Utjges Election of Revolutionary Employees' Councils. Military and Cabinet Chief* Are Called to P«ri»— Bolshevik Conflict • tm Seen. "London, Jan. 16.r—Before peace with Germany la a week old the British public has been brought up sharply against -the possibility of another war. Winston Spencer Churchill, secretary for war; Walter Hume Long, first lord of the admiralty; Baron Beatty, commander of the grand- fleet, and Field Marshal Sir Henry H. Wilson, chief of the.Imperial staff, left London 'having been hurriedly summoned to Paris for a consultation with Premier Lloyd George and other British offi-' 1 dais there on Important military and naval matters. This summons is inevitably connected' in the public minfl with the semiofficial statement published, calling'at- tention to the threatening situation In the middle East as a result of bolshe- vik military successes, which have given the Soviets victual mastery - of the whole of European Russia, for although it is not yet confirmed that they have entered Odessa, it is believed it cannot be long before they art in full possession of the coast regions in .that vicinity. By their victories-the bolshevlki hav obtained command of enormous sup plies of food, raw materials,'coal and rolling stock and other means of transportation of which they formerlj were in need. FIELD OF HONOR FOR YANK DEAD Senior Chaplain With A. E. F. Sends Open Letter to t Baker. I i • . f ' ' WANTS BODIES LEFT ABBOAi Seventy-five Former Service' Mer*, Le'ave- for Belgium to Begin Work .-of Removing Remains of U. S. ..Soldiers Who Fell in France. Washington, Jan. 16. — Bishop Charles H. Brent, senior chaplain with the • American expeditionary; forces In France, has addressed " nn- open letter to Secretary Baker and' nnd the next of kin of the American: dead in France regarding the. return' of the bodies of American soldiers wlic- fell overseas. The letter was made public toOrf.r ' ALL DEMONSTRATIONS BARRED Sinker of "French Warship Danton and Other Vessels Takes Poison - ' at- Hamburg. Berlin, Jan. 16.—Capt. Moralit, com- UE bander of 'the submarine which sank the French- battleship Danton and other vessels, died in a hospital at. Hamburg after having taken poison, according to- ^dispatch to the Lokal Au. ielger. .' '''H... - . - CUT. ollT AiR SERVICE FUND House Kills Item of $850,000 in Post Office Appropriation Bill— Up to Senate. Washington. Jan. 10.—An item of .?S")0,oOO for continuing the air mail service beyond .Inly 1 next was stricken out of tl:e post office appropriation bill in the hutise. Abandonment of i-iiiitcs between New York and Washington and New.. York nnd Chicago Only One Enlisted Man in Entire American Army, a Sergeant, Was Honored, Says Gplllvan. Washington, Jan. 16.—Only one en- sted man in 'the entire American army > was awarded the distinguished ervice medal during the world war. "•his discovery was announced by Rep- ^sentative Gallivan, Democrat, of Massachusetts, in a formal statement ssued in further substantiation of'his harges of discrimination and injustice i the awarding of war decorations by "ie war department. The honored enlisted man was a ser- eant, Mr. Gallivan's tabulation of th'e wards shows, and this, he says, was ppai-ently by error. Not u corporal or private received the medal, according to his investigation. URGES NAVY OF 638 SHIPS Admiral Koontz, Chief of Operations, Bases His Proposals on World Conditions. Washington, Jan. 10.:—A naval force of 638 ships, as compared to 231 in 3916, w!is / recommoiHled to tlie house naval committee by Admiral Koontz, chief of: operations, who based his proposals, he snid, oh "world conditions, ate sustained the action. result^ it was snid, it' the sen-j the economic situation and diplomatic advices." Appropriations for 1021. j were estimated at $573,000,000. as compared with ¥613,000,000 in 1920. F. M. Gray. Wilson Kin, Dead. San Diego, Cnl., Jan. 10— Francis Marion Gray.' seventy-seven years of age, cousin of President .Wilson, died here. Mr. Gray was a resident of Chicago, but passed much time here with a son. He was formerly a Michigan banker. Negro Lynched in Alaoama. Florala, Ala., Jan.-16.—Jack Waters, a negro, was lynched here after an alleged attack on a white woman. His body-was found hanging to a telephone' pole riddled with bullets. • More Rioting Expected on Anniversary of Death of Doctor Liebknecht—42 Killed and 100 Wounded in Berlin Disorder. *U: . . . Berlin, Jan. 16.—Official denial was made of reports that Germany had concluded an agreement with soviet Russia. A communist manifesto' urges the immediate election of revolutionary employees' councils in all industrial establishments. It is announced that the Gove/rn- ment will not permit demonstrations on the occasion of the burial of the victims of Tuesday's rioting. Berlin' is again quiet. The large factories were working normally.- Recent events in Berlin are said to be only the prelude to others of more importance which the independent so- .cialists intend to provoke on the occasion of the anniversary of the death of Dr. Karl Leibknecht, January 16, according to German advices. Spread of Revolt Feared. Loncloti, Jan. 16.—Fears are expressed in diplomatic circles here that the' Berlin rioting may spread throughout -Germany and even .to Vienna through the agency of the communists, who are using the Berlin disorders to inflame the . masses by representing those kiHed as mart/re to the cause of the people. Vienna, it is pointed out, would be likely to' furnish fertile ground for agitators because of the great: unrest that already exists there. The" dispatches, analyzing the upheaval in Berlin,' point to its original cause as the dissatisfaction of the Independent, socialists over the failure of,the government to provide a method for the establishment of the workingmen's 'council called for by the constitution, but give the immediate cause as indignation at. the attitude of the government toward strikers. This resulted in the organization of the great demonstration in front of tlie reichstag building. The Violence that fnll.owed, however, is declared to -have been due to the communist agents'who took advantage of tlie assemblage, find,' working on mob psychology, started the rio.t which resulted so disastrously. Berlin Dead Placed at ,42. Berlin, '.Tan. 22,—Estimates of the Berlin papers of the casualties in the rioting place the dead at 42 and the wounded at 100. • NEW LIGHT ON PRICK'S WILL Steel Magnate Leaves 'His Daughter Helen, Over $2?,000,000— . Other Bequests. Pittsburgh, Pa.; .,Ta. 1G.—Late details regarding the /.will of the late Henry Clay Frick show" he gave to his daughter, Helen C., over $22.000,000; to 'his \>ft]y son. Childs, ,$3,000,000, $2,000,000 of which Is placed in trust. His daughter-in-law gets ?2,000;000 in trust. The widow is to have the, use of the mansion-in New : Toii-lr and the summer home at Pride's Crossing. Mass., dm-inc/her lifetime, but at her death it goes(to the daughter. George Depre, the chauffeur, gets ?29 ; '000. The bequests to th'e public will total .fll7,000,000, it has been announced. LENINE ARMY T^KES ROSTOV Captures 10,000 Prisoners and Wins . Greatest Victory of Two Years and.Half. London. Jan. 16.:—The bolsheviks have captured Rostov-on-Don, accord- Ing'to-iy s wire!ess dispatuV from Moscow.,.-." i( 'y, thousand prisoners, 32 guns,"" L. , jftanks and an enormous amount of "baggage were token. The enemy destroyed the. small bridges over the- Don, buA the . large railway bridge was not dtnijaged. The capture of Rostov by the red army is by far the 1 'greatest military victory won by the bolshevik! since their rise to power two years and a half ago. HARRY S. NEW FOUND GUILTY Son of Indiana Senator Convicted ol Second Degree Murder—Jury Was Out for Forty-Five Hours. .Los Angeles, Cal., Jan. 16.—Harry S. New was found guilty of second degree murder. 'The jury was out forty-five hours. New was charged with shooting to'' death Miss' Freda Lesser, his ftancee. New Is said to be a son of senator New of Indiana. • .. by. the American Field of Honor socintloii, which is opposing the move-;:. raent -for'the wholesale -return of (lie- bodies, and follows charges presented. . in tile senate and house that the mov<^- ment is being fostered by "undertakers for their personal profit. "America," wrote Bishop Breffi:, "hayloft to the decision of the nearest" of kin in each' case what the final resting place of our dead is to be — wheth-- er in France or in this country. Gives Field of Honor Plan. "iN'o one will dispute the. right of parent or wife to claim the fulfillment of the promise made by the American government to return to America the- bodles of our dead soldiers. 'But it- is conceivable that there are those who,after learning. Hie plan to. establish.: nnd maintain in France an Americni? field of honor for those who are Tor-ever m-crsens,' may consider this the- trtfire excellent .way. "A hill to incorporate the move— 'nent has already been presented tc-- .congress ' nnd . is to be reintroclucecj- 1 shortly. There will be an American.- -entrnl field of honor with us man? .departments as- may be' necessary.. Hero 'each'', year on rin appointed il:iy commemoration of the' dead will be- observed. Over all the sheltering.' folds of tho Stars and Stripes wilt- forever wave. Shows Revernce for Dead. "Those of us who have privVn for" tliore than n year- careful consideration to the American field of honoi- are moved by n single-minded purpose. It is the work of love curried through; by a sense of reverence for that sacred dust winch though mingled with the soil of France, is forever American. "It aims to pay high tribute to- those to whom honor is due. It would preserve as far as may be the comradeship of tlie war among those who met a common fate. "It would express to all who are- bereaved the undying value of the- sacriflce,.made. It would perpetuate- In deart'i that work begun In life to • bind together nations of like ideals." 75 Sail to Begin Returning Bodies. New York, Jan. 16.— The army transport Powhatan, which left here . for • Antwerp, Belgium, has .on board a oarty of 75 former service men and of- icers who will visit the battle fields: . :o begin the work of returning the Bodes of American soldier dead to this country. The expedition is in charge of BTer- bert S. Foreman, a former artillery officer of the Rainbow division. "FLU" EPIDEMIC IS GROWING LORD MAYOR OF CORK BEATEN Attack Attributed to Opposition to the Sinn Fein Election Policy— Rescued by Soldiers. Cork, Jan. 10.—W. F. O'Connor, tho lord mayor of Cork, was, attacked by a party of men while returning from a meeting of demobilised soldiers'. The mayor was knocked down and assaulted. A couple of former soldiers rescued him from his assailants. The attack is attributed to'.the mayor's .opposition to the election policy of the Sinn Fein organization. Chicago Has 380 More Cases, 115 New Ones—Pneumonia Kills 32 • . "Persons There. Chicago, Jan. 10.—The influenzn- rjheumonin situation' here is growing worse. A total of 3SO cases of influenza; with five deaths, and 115 new cases of pneumonia, with 32 \leaths, were reported to Health Commissioner Robertson fov a 30-hour period. This is by far the largest number of cases "reported since the epidemic of i, last winter. FIUME TO ITALY STIRS S"LAVS CALL EX-KAISER FOR TRIAL Supreme Council 'Drafts'Note to the Dutch Government Asking for'Extradition. ' Paris, Jan. 1C.—The .supreme coun- Plan to Exchange Dalmatian Coast: Causes Division of Opinion . , Among the People. , Paris, Jan. 16. — Just at the time- when Italians 'seemed likely to agree- to accept a 'solution to the Flume question which has been approval by Pre- - miers' Lloyd George and .Clemenceau, a division has been created among the- Jugo-SIavs regarding the problems involved. According to best information ob- - tainable the Slovene element of the- new Slav kingdom is stoutly opposed' to a compromise by which Italy would give up some of tho territory nppor- - tioned fter on the Dalmatian const in • exchange for full sovereignty . over Flume and a strip of 'land connecting that city with tlie province of Istrfa to the west. Otner elements favor ing the compromise. accept- SPACE' BASIS FOR MAIL PAY' Interstate Commerce Commission Prescribes New, Regulation for Compensating the Railroads. Washington, Jan. 16.—Extension to- all mail lines of the space basis system iii paying the.railroads for trans-- cil has drafted n note fo the Dutch government asking for.the extradition of the former German emperor. It' will probably be sent Saturday. ' . i. porting the mails was' prescriboc'Tn The note refers to article. 227 of iDew regulations issued bv tte inte" S 6 !, * f °* V -^. s - am f,! and'-invites, state commerce commission in deci£ Holland to Jpm the all.ed powers to ' ,„„ com p] n inrs of ihe 'railroads for- tbo accomplishment of this act. i clmnge(1 methods of Wensatfon

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