The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 16, 1949 · Page 2
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May 16, 1949

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 2

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Monday, May 16, 1949
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f Ad TWO BLYTHEVrLLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS MONDAY, MAY 1«, 1941 Outlook In Iran Is Bleak Rtittraii Attitude Toward Nation Pot** Questions WASHINGTON — (*; — Springtime In Ir»n do«»t look very pretty this year from the Wellington perspective. Russia has been Involved in seve- nl Iranian border "incidents". The HussUn r»dk> Is becomlnj more •ctrve *nd more violent each d»y in Itg »ttacks on Iran and its American military advisers. Russia on March W even demanded that Iran withdraw its consuls from Russian territory and announced that it was taking all Soviet consuls from What does all this mean? Dlplo- Costing of Congressional Decision Pits Political vs. Personal Views By Clarke Beach WASHINGTON — What do Con- grestmen think about wh«n they cast their votes In the House of Representatives? Many of them h«ve thinking apparatus** with i kind of high «nd low «ear. This was clearly demonstrated when two votes were taken on a motion lo kill the veterans' pension bill. One the Jlrst vote the majority of Congressmen decided to kill the bill. On the second vote taken within an hour, the majority province. Iran 1 * appeals to the United Nations Security Council was firmly supported by the United Unlt«J States, and world opinion strongly opposed the Russian side ol the case. Iranian government forces moved into Azerbaijan early In 1M7, anci the revolt collapsed. It was th« unl- V H l [' mat* see two posslbllltie*: 1. Russia might be merely stepping up its war of nerves. An appeasement parly- might develop In Iran. But, say officials in close touch with Tr*n, Communism has made little progress there. a. Russia might be contemplatlnc invasion. Iran may look like the softest spot. The big question would be' Whit would the United States dot Perhaps the Kremlin cannot conceive of America's taking up Russia'.-, challenge to a Ihlrd world war to protect the sovereignty oi far-away Iran. No Beasea T» Sl»p But some diplomats see the situation as comparable to Hitlers first aggressions. Once Russia had 'succeeded in an invasion, they say ' there would be no reason to stop In '"Iran All the Middle East would •be open to it. With half the world 1 , oil, the Suei Canal and other com munlcatlon lines, military opera tlons against Africa would beoom possible, and Turkey's position wou! become untenable. U') to now Russia has never dlr ectly Invaded another state. In som Communist expansions like those 1 Poland and the Balkans, the Red 'Army was there first. It had merely to watch while local communists seized power. In others, like Czechoslovakia, native communists did the work, aided only by propaganda and Intimidation from Russia. The American position has been made clear. Iran, Turkey and Greece .have revealed their fear that America's entrance into the Atlantic Pact might have weakened TJ. 8. Interests in the fate of the Near and Middle East. But Secretary of Slate Acheson on March 23 said publlclly that this country is as deiermined as ever to block Soviet expansion '.Into the Middle East. As for the Russian tale about ou establishing ourselves in Iran, Ache •on said we have no bases there ant plan none. We have 62 officers an enlisted men in Iran, one misslo training the Iranian army in house '. keeping duties and another mlsslo . training the police force. The Iran i»n government also Informed th Soviet Government on Feb. 19 tha the Americans in Iran were "employed only as technical advisers anri by no means In any position of command In the Iranian Army." Wanted Claux As to what Russia's thought might be about Iran, the specialist* point to the State Department document, "Nazi-Soviet Relations, 1*38-19*1." When Hitler sought to draw Russia into a J\>ur-Power Pact with Germany, Italy and Japan, the Soviet Union agreed to enter (the offer later being rejected by Hitler) if this clause were included in the pact's text: '•Provided that the area south ol Bstum and Baku In the general direction of the merslan Gulf Is recogniied as the center of the as- piratloris of the Soviet Union." (The Persian Quit is on Iran's southeast- «nr coast). After the mar Russia at least •Ticuuraged a coup by which so- called siitonomeu* Republic orf Azerbaijan was s«t tip by native Communists in Iran's northernmost ted Nation's first big victory and a serious setback to Russia. The Iran- Ian question U still on the agenda f the security Council. decided nol to kill It. On the first vote the House was sitting as a "committee of the whole" when an Individual's vote s not recorded. On the second tent the body was sitting as the House of Representatives, and a record was kept of how each member was voted. When the vote wns liikcn In committee status, 163 members voted to kill the measure. When they voted In House status, only 12 voted lo kill. Thus at least 43 Con gressmen either switched sides o failed lo vote when the roll wa called. "I voted on principle when in vote wasn't on llic record," on well-known Iciilslnlor Jovially ex plained. "When I was on the re corci, I rose above the principle an voted politically." Another mcmbc one of the 120 who stuck by n original -otc. got a Rood nature slap on the bac'- from a colleagu after the balloting was over. 'Well, guess we won't be seein ou around here any more after «xt year," said the colleague. "It's reat to be » statesman. But I'd ather be a live Congressman than dead statesman." Rep. Javlts (R-NY) said on the loor that he had made up his mind fter a sleepless night to vote a- galnst the pension measure. "II we arc taken In by this, we don't deserve to be trusted with the destiny of America, much less that of the world," he remarked. One congressman told this re- lortcr that on every roll call vote some member or other risks nls political future by voting In * way that he knows will be unpopular among his constituents. The folks hack home probably won't read the Congressional record, and many of them will not Know at the time how he voted. But there is always someone back home waiting for him to make » slip. That someone undoubt- attvw. Many Mr that •ven'.ually they w»nl to do something rood for th*lr country but that If they don't staj in Congree* they'll never be able to do It The issues which can be poisonous generally concern the constituents' pocketbooks, one Congressman mused. Their pensions, taxes, agricultural and other subsidies, the building of public work*, the extension of government control* over busl- nes*. Some of the poisonous Issues, he went on, carry their own con- rols antidotes. If you cut a vote for oleomargarine, you antagonise the dairyman but you gain the support of th* housewlve*. If you cast a vote that angers labor you gain the support of management. If you back rent control you make landlords your enemy but gain friends among tenants. ectly will use the record against him when campaign time comes. II he is licked, he won't bf in Ihc House to vote the right way when some other measure comes up which may be more important. Thus runs the philosophy of many members, says one seasoned Represent- of his colleaguse: "Their voting for pens'nn isn't o much a matter of slirc J political analysis, "hey are being controlled by their tears. They don't know how good a case there is against taking up veteran's pensions at this time without thorough committee spade-work on the thing. "I think If the leadership of the House had taken a stronger poslllon and had come up with good strong arguments, their courage could have bolstered. I don't think I've killed myself politically by opposing this bill. I believe the people of my district will approve of what I've done when they hear what I have say about it." "But whe you cast a vote that seems to be against veterans," he continued, "there's nobody to save you. Nobody is opposed to veterans Least of ill me." (He is a veteran himself). Another war veteran, who U » freshman in th» House, thus analyzed the frame of mind ol many It is estimated that If the world's entire population were to star counting the number of atoms lr one drop of water, it would take 10,000 years to finish the Job. American women spend an e mated tl.OOO.OOO.OOO a year on cos metlcs and perfumes. Read Courier News Want Ads. wtm COTTON FARMERS Chemically delliited cotton seed terminate qukker, »la»t and pl»* the unw week. Redact dwppinf «p«nat and produce more e*U«n per acre. STATE CERTIFIED VAKIETIEI AVAILABLE _. .. P. L. No. 14. ftl 5» Lb. Bag IM.JJ I). * P. L. N«. 15, tw 5« Lb. Bag a«.M I* Z B, Per S« L.. Bat !•••• Stonevllle 2 C. 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