THE LEAVENWORTH TIMES One Hundred Twenty-First Year- No. 46 LEAVENWORTH, KANSAS. THURSDAY, APRIL 28, 1977. -SIXTEEN PAGES. Singly Copyj»rice 1B« Everything— Yet Nothing—Changed in Saigon EDITOR'S NOTE — Two years ago, on April 30, 1975, Communist forces entered Saigon, and American troops and civilians as well as tens of thousands of Vietnamese fled the fallen nation. What has happened since then in the former capital of South Vietnam? In this dispatch, an AP correspondent who covered the war in Vietnam tells of the "new" Saigon he ' .found d ur i n g a recent visit there. By PETER O'LOUGHLIN Associated Press Writer SAIGON, Vietnam (AP) -The old U.S. Embassy stands vacant, guarded by a solitary policeman. Former President Nguyen Van Thieu's palace is a museum and a sightseeing must for the curious. Abandoned American aircraft rot at the airport. The Continental Hotel, once a favorite gathering spot for Americans, is now the Simultaneous Uprising Hotel Two years after the Communist victory on April 30, and the flight of Americans, everything — yet nothing — lias changed in Saigon. The new unified government has renamed it Ho Chi Minh City but it still remains what it. was during the war — tawdry, dirty, quieter, perhaps, but. still a place with something to sell — for a price. A carton of American cigarettes costs the equivalent of $120 if Vietnamese dong are bought at the official rate of 50 cents each. The same carton costs $24 if dong are bought on the black market, where they can be had for 10 cents each. Tan Son Nhul Airport was the first change noted by a correspondent who returned to Vietnam after two years with a group of Australian and other foreign tourists. The correspondent had identified himself as an Associated Press correspondent to the Vietnamese authorities in applying to join the group. The airport once was t he busiest in Asia, with U.S. jet fighters, helicopters and transports loading, landing and taking off in what seemed intervals of only seconds. Now the parking bays are filled with dozens of ILS. helicopters, C7 Caribous, C130 transports and spotter planes, many of lltem wrecked by Communist rockets during the final days of the war. There are no guards, pilots, airmen or people of any kind in sight. But workmen are busily finishing the international terminal, started with U.S. aid money several years ago and now almost complete, down .to Swiss digital clocks, German pay telephones and French television screens to announce the arrivals and departures if and when Saigon opens up again to world travel. At the Continental Palace terrace, known as the Continental Shelf to the Americans and other foreigners -who. drank there, only coffee and ice cream are now served. Up To Do street, the chic stores display Pierre Cardin ties, Coty perfume, Du Pont lighters and Rayban sunglasses. But slocks are getting low and there are blank spaces in the windows. All the French restaurants are closed. The last of the Corsican proprietors left several months ago. Along the Saigon River, where two years ago people were dying in their scramble to escape before the Communists took over, all is quiet, even serene. Young couples stroll hand in hand along the sidewalk. Groups of farmers, peasants and schoolchildren and foreign visitors are given guided tours of the gray-colonnaded Independence Palace, Thieu's former headquarters across the street from the U.S. Embassy. "This is where Thieu used to meet important people, like U.S. Ambassador (Graham) Martin," said the guide ushering us into the Thieu's private office, "This is where Martin and his advisers sat in specially made chairs. This is Thieu's desk, Note that it is raised up on a platform so he could be higher than anyone else." Visitors are told.that Thieu slept with six feet of sandbags on his bedroom roof. The Ho Chi Minh City Tourism Company also organizes tours to the former U.S. military warden's compound at Le Qui Don and Vo Tanh streets. Now it is th< U.S. and Puppet Government War Crimes Museum. On the surface, life in Saigon seems relaxed. Three-man squads of soldiers carrying AK47 rifles are seen occasionally. But few buildings are guarded, and most soldiers in the streets are unarmed, apparently on leave. Saigonese say the soldiers are polite and dqtrt cause trouble. Foreign tourists are allowed to roam the city at will, but Saigonese are cautious Accord Allows School Budget Increase of 5% 'WAITING ON THE TRAIN— Richard Doshier, Wichita, left, and Bill Meiers, Quenemo, employes of the Santa Fe Railroad, Wednesday, wait for the train to leave so .they can continue excavating dirt at the base of the underpass,being built to connect. Hewlett) Limit ; ^reel~witn''Se«o'ha ; A'^^ • the ground a few weeks ago, should mean that railroad service will not be interrupted during construction of the underpass according to construction officials. (Times Photo by Roger TOPEKA, Kan. (AP) — House and Senate conferees reached agreement today on a compromise school finance bill, one which would allow school boards to raise their budgets five per, cent over the previous year. The agreement came after long haggling between the two chambers over different versions of the school finance bill. As approved by the conference committee, the measure would permit boards to raise their budgets five per cent and appeal rising utility costs. The measure would mean a $42 million increase in property taxes statewide, roughly midway between the Senate version which would have increased property taxes by $39.5 million and the House plan which called for a $44.7 million increase. The measure would require the state to pay $313.2 million from state aid, roughlly $4.4 million more than the revised amount recommended by Gov. Robert Bennett. •,,. Rep. Roger Robertso'n, D- Wbh *t Affect Current Renters at Facility City Adopts Planters II Rent Schedule By MARY S. COMBS Times Associate Editor Fiscal solvency and a rent range schedule reflecting the income of residents of Leavenworth as a whole are the goals hoped to be achieved through the allocation of apartments at Planters II, according to Paula Schwach, housing director. The city's governing body Tuesday approved the rent schedule and allocation of apartments as outlined by Mrs. Schwach. Mrs. Schwach explained the new schedule which provides for more apartments being allocated to both the very low income and the higher income brackets is required because of federal requirements governing rents charged in housing projects and a raising of income limits decreed by inflation. The new schedule, formulated according to Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) management regulations, takes into account the need for the average monthly rent to cover the per unit monthly operating ex- penses of the apartments and reflects the distribution of the city's low income population, she said. The average operating cost of an apartment in Planters II in the first three months of this year comes to $85, but the rent now paid by tenants averages only $71 per unit, she explained. The proposed schedule will nelp in reducing this operating deficit which she said in the last year amounts to $6,000. In response to a question from Commissioner Royal Brown, Mrs. Schwach also admitted a $10,000 cushion for operating expenses had been used up. She said higher utility bills, which are included in the monthly rent at the high rise, played a major role in contributing to the deficit. • Mrs. Schwach emphasized the new rent schedule will not affect the rents paid by any of the present residents. Through attrition, she estimated it would take about two years to fully implement the schedule which is based on assigning a certain number of apartments to residents in the various income categories. The new schedule calls for allocating five apartments to the very low income category of residents (less than $1,000 a year) who would pay from nothing to $19 a month in rent. No apartments are allocated in this category at the present time even though 2.3 per cent of the city's residents fall in that income level. The next' step on the scale, persons with an annual income of between $1,000 and $1,999,2.9 per cent of the population, would be allocated seven apartments and would pay $20$38 a month in rent. Three apartments are now allocated to these people. Eleven apartments would be allocated to persons with incomes in each of the next three income levels. $2.000-$2,999, $3,000-$3,999 and $4,000-$4,999, who would pay rents of from $39-$56, $57-$75 and $76-$94, respectively. Percentage wise 5.2 per cent of the population, falls in the lowest income range; 4.6 per cent in the middle income range and 4.7 per cent in the highest bracket. Under present occupancy, 38 apartments are rented to- ihcss with incomes in the $2,000 figures; 30 to people with $3,000 Incomes and 14 to persons with $4,000 annual incomes. Persons with incomes ranging from $5,000 to $5,999 would have 13 apartments rather than the nine now occupied by these people who represent 5.9 per cent of the city's population. 'The rent for this income level ranges from $95 to $113 a month. Incomes of from $6,000-$6,999 are received by 6.7 per cent of the population in the city but only six apartments in Planters II are occupied by these people. The new rent schedule allocates 15 apartments to them and they will pay from $114-$131 a month in rent. Two new income categories and higher rents have been assigned to persons with incomes exceeding $7,000. In the new schedule, 17 apartments are to be allocated to persons with annual incomes of from $7,000 to $7,999. They will pay from $132-$150 a month in rent. Only one person in the high rise now falls into that category which comprises 8.4 per cent of the city's population. Persons with incomes of from $8,000 to $8,999 a year will occupy 15 of the apartments. No apartments are allocated to this income bracket family at the present time. These apartments . See CITY, Page 5 House Okays Finance Bill TOPEKA, Kan. (AP) — The Kansas House passed the omnibus appropriations bill today and sent it to the Seriate. The bill is designed to provide appropriations to finance other legislation passed by this session of the legislature and likely will have additional items added in the Senate or in a conference comittee before a final version is written. As it was introduced!??, the... House, me bill appropriated $3,495 for the fiscal year and $865,257 for fiscal 1978 from the state general fund. It also approved appropriations totaling $865,257for the fiscal year and $2,351,477 for fiscal 1978 from special funds. A move to add $1 million to increase assistance benefits from the Department of Social and Rehabiliiation Services was defeated 72-33. But House members voted to add $10,000 for continuation of a Leavenworth County milk inspection district program that was being merged with one in Wyandotte County; $170,00 for assistance in local airport planning; and $68,804 for the Legislative Institute and other legislative agencies, port of which had been in another bill. Reilly Casts Key Vote In Sustaining Tax Veto oen. Edward F, Reilly Jr., R- Leavenworth, cast the deciding vote today in the Kansas Senate to sustain Gov. Robert Bennett's veto of an income tax reform bill that Reilly termed "piecemeal." Reilly also had voted against the measure when it passed the Senate earlierjn the session, 2515. Twenty-seven votes were needed to override the veto today. Today's vote was 26-14 to override. Reilly said he voted to sustain the veto because in this measure the legislature is avoiding the main issue which is complete tax reform in Kansas. Reilly said another reason he voted as he did was because over the next two years it would result in about a $4 million loss in state revenues. He also pointed out the Congress is studying revision of the national Income tax laws. "We have no idea what the impact of this measure would have when the federal laws are changed," Reilly said. "Without a thoughtful study of a total tax reform package, the legislature is stepping out on a weak limb, Reilly theorized. He also said, "There are so many facets to this bill I cannot believe the legislature would go ahead and pass it without a formal study. The Kansas Legislature long ago should have changed the state tax exemption of $600 to the federal (exemption of $750, Now they are • attempting to tack it onto another bill in an effort to make it more palatable to the citizens. All this does is perpetrate a false illusion to the people," Reilly said. "I took the position there had been no study of the issue itself and what impact the federal revisions will have on Kansas taxpayers at a time we are fully aware the Congress is considering eliminating the standard deduction clause from the income tax law," Reilly continued. If the standard deduction is eliminated from the federal law, it could result in a $50 million tax increase for Kansas citizens, he reasoned. "I feel the legislature should bite the bullet and study the whole tax structure this summer and then come up with some tax reforms that will have some meaning for the people of our stale next year, Reilly concluded. Kep. James Slatiery, D- Topeka, the hill's main sponsor, spent about a half hour in Reilly's statehouse office prior to the Senate session attempting to persuade Reilly to vote to override. Reilly voted against the bill when the Senate earlier 'approved it, 25-15. Two more votes than that were needed today to override. On the eve of the vote, proponents of the veto override said they were one vote short of the necessary 27 votes needed to override a' veto in the 40- member body. 1 The' House late Wednesday decided to override on a vote of 89-32. Bennett announced the veto while lawmakers were in recess. They returned Wednesday for a three-day cleanup session. uie governor justified his veto by saying the measure would provide very little tax relief, while increasing taxes on higher income taxpayers. The bill called lor increasing the personal income tax exemption from $600 to $750, with' the lost revenue picked up by raising taxes in upper income groups. f HOUSE OVERRIDES VETO — With a message prepared during a brief afternoon recess, Speaker Pro Tein of the Kansas House, Jim Slattery, D-Topeka, led floor action against Gov. Robert Bennett's veto of an income tax "reform" bill. Slattery's move was successful on an 89-32 vote. The bill was senttotheSenate. (AP Wirephoto) shoulder at the doot* If they are alone with a foreigner, ; j- The Communists are coming to grin with the economic system in the South and things could get tougher. £ "We estimate it will take us three years' to eliminate the free market in the south,?', said a North Vietnamese oartv worker. '•;,• In a bar on Tu Do street, a girl speaking American-accented English complained about the new government and the effect it was having on her bargirl business. • >. "They'll never send me to the new lands to build monkey house out of bamboo,.'* she said referring to the unsettled o> abandoned New Economic Zones in the countryside to which many South Viet; namese are having to move. "No wayj honey. I'm gonna get out of here." *. ft:ft:ft^ft%%WSftW*K! Pulse of the News Hutchinson," House Education Committee, said he wasn't sure whether the governor would sign the measure, saying there had been some concern from the chief executive that both the House and Senate versions pumped too much state money into the formula. Dale Dennis, fiscal analyst for the state Department of Education, estimated the appeals would cost the state $2.9 million over the next fiscal year, $1.8 million of which would come from general fund money. A major stumbling block in talks between the houses, a Senate requirement that school boards be prohibited from transferring general budget money into capital outlay, was removed when the six-man conference committee reached a compromise solution. The arrangement would permit school boards to transfer money only if they had levied at least 3.5 mills of their permitted 4 mills for property taxes. Dennis estimated that roughly half the 307 school districts in Kansas have levied that niucH .already and would be permitted to transfer money; Weather to Remain Warm Continued warm weather, scattered showers and thunderstorms were forecast for today, with a chance of more scattered shower activity Friday Today's high was expected to be in the 80s, with lows tonight in the mid 50s. Friday's high should be in the upper 70s. The extended outlook calls for warm temperatures and little or no precipitation Saturday through Monday. Highs should be in the mid 70s to low 80s, with lows in the mid 50s. Leavenworth reached a high of 83 and a low of 51 Wednesday as recorded by the Leavenworth Waterworks Department. Coors Charged in Beer Strike DENVER (AP) — A complaint charging that the Adolph Coors Co., has attempted to "discredit, undermine and subvert" a striking brewery workers' union was issued Wednesday by the regional director of the National Labor Relations Board. The complaint supports earlier charges made by Local 1066 of the Brewing, Bottling, Can and Allied Industrial Union that Coors engaged in unfair labor practices by refusing to bargain with the union's elected representatives. The union filed the unfair labor practices charge in February when Coors unilaterally put into effect a new contract that had been rejected by the union. Teacher Quits in Flap PITTSBURGH (AP) — A high school instructor, who used a segment of the pornographic film "Deep Throat" to promote a discussion on sexual ethics, has resigned. Dr. Edward Lewis of Mount Pleasant High School quit effective June 3Q after a pair of heated meetings with the school board. ., .. . . .-• * .,'.../•.,•,.,.,...•;:.-.,.. .•",., „..,.,..His course on" ethics,' entitled "Celebration," was interrupted in the midst of a unit on human physicality but wUl be completed by another teacher. < Budget Proposal Defeated WASHINGTON (AP) — Key House Democrats meet today to begin an effoi c to redraft a proposed budget after their first attempt was overwhelmingly defeated in a small-hours session. Weeks of work by the House Budget Committee and two grueling House meetings produced a budget plan that was defeated, 320-84, in a showdown vote early today. Budget Committee Chairman Robert N. Giaimo, D- Conn., declared after the session, "A combination of President Carter, the Armed Services Committee and the Republican Party defeated this bill." . | He said his committee would meet informally later ~\ ; today and would begin work formally on a new resolution ; on Friday. I Pope, Archbishop Meet on Unity ; VATICAN CITY (AP.) — The Archbishof> of Canterbury, ; : Dr. Donald Coggan, met Pope Paul VI today for talks on • ! Christian unity. However, Vatican sources cautioned that , : the goal of uniting the Roman Catholic and Anglican , churches and their 600 million followers was many years away. . .; The meeting between the 67-year-old spiritual leader of • the world's 60 million Anglicans and the 79-year-old pontiff of the 600 million Roman Catholics was the third such since . Archbishop Geoffrey Fisher and Pope John XXIII met in • 1960. It follows conclusion of an eight-year study by, a joint Anglican-Roman Catholic International Commission ' which prepared three documents outlining many points of ; agreement as well as basic differences. The key stumbling block to unity of the two churches is the Anglicans' refusal to recognize the infallibility of the . pope, proclaimed in 1870, and their refusal to recognize his primacy over a unified church, the issue over which King Henry VIII founded the Church of England in 1534. Court Backs Jailhouse Lawyers WASHINGTON (AP) — The Supreme Court gave jailhouse lawyers and other prisoners a big boost Wednesday by ruling that prison officials must make available law libraries or adequate legal help to all inmates seeking freedom. The court, by a 6-3 vote, decided that prisoners' fundamental constitutional right of access to the courts requires "meaningful access" at government expense. Wednesday's decision does not mean that every prison must have a law library. But it tells prison authorities that every prisoner who seeks a new day in court must be allowed to use a prison-system library or, as an alternative, be given the help of a lawyer or a lawyer's aide. Needlepoint Why is there not a marker at Broadway and Metropolitan showing where Broadway is as you come into the city from the north or east on U.S. 73? Also a sign designating the turn for the Kansas driver's license examiner would be helpful for many, especially those who have lived here only a short time. (EDITOR'S NOTE: Donald Seba, city engineer, answers this Needlepoint.) I have asked a street name marker be placed on the corner of Broadway and Metropolitan. Any sign to indicate the state offices must be authorized by the Kansas Department of Transportation and furnished by the state. I will ask the state to sign the license location. What is your point? The Times invites Needlepoints of 50 words or less on any topic of general interest. Writers are asked, but P' -.aired, to include their names, addresses and telephone numbers.
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