The Daily Republic from Mitchell, South Dakota on February 27, 1948 · Page 1
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The Daily Republic from Mitchell, South Dakota · Page 1

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Mitchell, South Dakota
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Friday, February 27, 1948
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WEATHER Colder THE DAILY REPUBLIC ,AP * An Independent Newspaper * UP * Volume LXV 65 YEARS of SERVICE 12 Pages Mitchell & D. Friday, February 27, 1948 Final Edition Number 110 Girls Take Over Aurora In Hunt For Bachelors there wouldn't be enough bachelors out on Sunday to make their day a success. So they trot the city council to move the big day up to Feb. 27. Aurora's girls started observing f fines So many of grabbed husbands or levied on bachelor - minded boy *»» year that thej ' decid- Aurora, HI—<U.R>—The girls took over the city today in a. Leap Year day manhunt for at least 300 bachelors. A police force of 50 glamour girls, who would prefer to be housewives, began arresting unmarried males Zlt 6 &• DO. £LQCL C£U*t<lIl£ tildn Off to the police station. The males were held in the bullpen until they got hearing before a police magistrate,, . t .. .. . , , -.. . who was an unmarried girl willing to ed to contmue Qle SP^ 31 ladies da y accept marriage proposals. To get out of jail the accused had to pay fines—such as a piar of nylon stockings, or a wrist watch, or a portable radio. The usual charge was "loitering on the road to matrimony." The girls were having- their fun in a revival of Aurora's Leap Tear day, the first in eight years. The event was moved ahead two days this year because Feb. 29 falls on Sunday. During Leap Year day, Aurora's unmarried young ladies hold all the important city offices. Any bachelor is subject to arrest on sight. The police force this morning arrested more than 100 young men, who couldn't produce a marriage certificate Within two hours after the police court opened, 93 bachelors had been fined. In squad cars the female police force roamed the streets of this city of 47,000 persons. One squad guarded the railroad station to see that no bachelors fled from the city. The temporary chief of police said It was easy to spot a bachelor on the street "We just arrest the ones who look nappy," she said. The policewomen wore dark dart* with regular'police uniform coats and police cap*. They carried UVy clubs. And they were armed with a list of 300 "public enemies"—men who are eligible for marriage. Policewomen went into offices and homes and seized some of those on the lisW Others were trapped In the street, IB restaurants and even in barbershops where they had sought to hide out One man was caught In a turMsh bath. As the ladles opened the city's official business this morning they strung clothes lines through the city hall and hung up stockings, slips and lingerie. Panties, slips and stockings flapped In the breeze on the at? ban. The ruls took over the city administration — including the police force — today because Leap Tear day falls on Sunday this year. The glrb were afraid I every four years. But they didn't I hold Leap Year day in 1944 because | of the war. I "There wei-en 1 * enough men around to make it worthwhile," a spokeswoman for the girls said There isn't much a poor male can do once he is arrested, be(Continued on Page Nine) AURORA Two housewives, Mrs. Archie Menor of Dante and Mrs. John Henline of Mitchell, will be awarded U. S. Savings bonds by The Daily Republic for their answers to the question: "Can a family of four (parents and two children) live on $40 a week in South Dakota?" First prize In the contest, a $50 bond, maturity value, was won by Mrs. Menor. Second prize, a $25 Anderson Hands Price Support Problem To GOP Washington, D. O. — (ff) — The Democratic administration today checked to the Republican Congress the problem of what to do about farm prices after Dec. supporting SI. Unless Congress acts in the meantime, price supports for many farm commodities will be ended on that date. This prospect might become an Important Issue In farm states in the coming presidential campaign. Secretary of Agriculture Anderson outlined the administration'* position in letters to Senator Capper and Rep. Hope, Kansas Republicans who head the Senate and House Agriculture committees. Anderson wrote that he had asked Congress more than a year ago to pass new price support legislation, but that it had failed to do so. He said be does not want to take the responsibility for saying what these policies should be after the present law expires. That law makes most farm products eligible for price supports at not less than 90 per cent of parity until is prices so they will be equally fair to producers and consumers. After Jan. 1 the government is required to" support crops like corn, wheat cotton, tobacco, nee and peanuts at between 52 and 75 per cent of parity. It has permission to support others, but Is not required to do so. Commodities in this group include hogs, eggs, milk, butterfat, turkeys, chickens, potatoes, sweet potatoes, soybeans, flaxseed, peanuts for oil. dry beans and peas, and American-Egyptian cotton. The present support programs •were set during the war to encourage maximum production by guar- the end of this year. Parity a standard for measuring farm BRCSHING UP FOB ELECTION DAT — Members of Rome* mounted police force charge stuffed dummies as they brush up on saber drill—in preparation for the Italian national election day. Anticipating trouble from Communists, police will use such tactics to disperse trouble-making crowds. They'll wield long rubber nightsticks instead of sabers. (NBA) Dante And Mitchell Housewives Win Bonds For Letters bond, maturity value, was won by Mrs. Henline. In announcing their decision on the winners of the contest, the, editors of The Daily Republic pressed their appreciation for the large number of outstanding entries received. Though it was not possible to publish all the entries n the Open Forum column of the Republic, all were considered in ludging the contest. Mrs. Menor's letter, which was awarded first place in the contest ,hair. A few neighbor kids get hair cuts and pay me a few cents. I save that and get my hair fixed once a year or so. I fix my own hair the rest of the time. I sew lots of clothes for the children and myself. Our oldest boy never had a jacket bought. I've always made them. Or someone gives something that fits. And we are not too proud to wear it. We buy the boys overalls for school, also shoes and overshoes. They wear lots of patches, patch over patch, just so they are clean. We have clothes given to us, because people know I fix them over and am glad to get them. I .aise a big garden, can lots of vegetables. Seldom do we have very much meat. We hardly ever have beefsteak or pork chops. They are too high priced. Our grocery bill is (Continued on Page Nine) CONTEST follows: HOW IT IS DONE To The Editor Of The Daily Republic It seems that a family of four could live fairly well on $40 a week if the rent isn't too high and groceries were a little cheaper. We get our house for $10 a month. There are six in our family—parents, three boys, 10 years, six years and three years, and one girl, one year. My husband's check is $35 a week. He drives a truck. I cut the boys' and my husband's Russ Want 3 Satellites At Talks On Reich London, Eng.—(U.PJ—Radio Moscow said today that Russia has requested the western powers to admit Czechoslovakia, Poland and Yugoslavia to consultations on Germany. , The request was made in Wash- ted to the three governments Informing them that Russia approves the three iron curtain countries be given a voice on Germany. Denazification Courts In Soviet Zone Dissolved Berlin, Germany — am — Soviet Marshal Vassili Sokolovsky today ordered all de-Naziflcation courts in the Soviet zone dissolved by March 10 in what apparently was a Russian bid to secure the backing and support of the German people. The decision was reported by the Soviet army newspaper Taegliche Rundschau. It quoted an order of the day by Skolovsky. "Work of the de-Narification commissions must be completed by March 10 and the commissions dissolved, since their tasks have been fulfilled,'' the order said. The order added that court proceedings against active Nazis and war criminals discovered later would Committee Gets Giant Housing Bill • Good Is Construction Of 15 Million Homes In Decade McCarthy Author Washington. D. c.—(£">—A housing program that would cost the government about $1 billion the first five year? was laid before • congressional committee today. Senator Me earthy (R., Wis.) presented the draft of a proposed bill to the House-Senate Housing committee. He is vice chairman. The measure is intended to encourage the construction of 1 1-2 million new homes a year for the next decade. A big share would be homes for rent to low income families. To attract investors to construction of this type of dwelling, the bill guarantees a profit of from about 3 1-2 to 5 per cent a year. If the investor built homes or apartments for rent for less than 450 in cities of 500.000 or larger population, and less than $40 in smaller cities, there would be these additional inducements: 1. The income from such projects would be exempt from income tax. 2. A total of 50 per cent depreciation for tax purposes—against other Income—would be permitted. 3. Local communities would be called upon to give aid in the form of land, labor, materials, tax concessions and cash. "If that program has not produced several hundred thousand low rental houses a year from now. Ill buy you each a steak." Me earthy told reporters. Me Carthy added, however, that he will not Introduce the bin in the Senate until the joint committee has had a chance to study it and suggest changes. His program is similar in many ways to the one President Truman outlined in a special message to Congress earlier this week. But Me Carthy said he had been at work a long time on his bill before the President's program was disclosed. The most important difference Is that Mr. TrumanXi calls for government-owned and operated public housing, as well as vast co structton by private Industry. 1 Carthy's bill does not include pub- Russ Greater Menace Than Hitler—Harriman By the Associated Presc Russia turned her gaze on Finland Friday, now that Czechoslovakia has been cemented In the Communist bloc. lie housing. Senator Robert A. Taft (R., O.) said today he will fight for addition of a public housing section to whatever housing program Is approved by Congress this year, according to the United Press. If the Senate goes ahead with the bill by Senator McCarthy, Taft said he would offer an amendment adding a public housing program to it ington, London and Paris, the be conducted by the German crim-' broadcast said. Notes were submit- Inal police and German courts. Sokolovsky also said that former Nazi party members who were re- the request adopted at the Prague moved from their Jobs but permit- conference last week asking that ted to retain their right to vote could regain their former posts "by honest and loyal work." Goodness, Fm so excited! Today I arrived in the beautiful old city of New Orleans, famous for its cooking, historical charm, and for one of the handsomest mayors in the country. And not only is Mayor Chep Morrison handsome, but he's also very young. I understand he is probably the only man who ever went from Boy Scout, second class, right into being mayor of a great city. I'm going to appear at a special millinery show called the "Fete des Chapeanx," which means actually "Feast of the Hats." Dear me, I knew Louisiana cooking was wonderful but I didnt think the ladies could eat their hats as well as wear them. At home, though, I've noticed that the bills for them sometimes give my husband indigestion. New Orleans is also rumored to have the most beautiful women in the country. Now that I'm here, I won't argue the point More Ways Than One To Skin The Consumer, Stokes Says 'ers quite a tidy bit each year—the BY THOMAS L. STOKES figure being estimated at $50 mil. Washington, D. C.—There are lion by Federal Power commission anteeing fanners a relatively nigh more ways than one to get things experts—by changing the basis for price for their crops. done around here, as there are more Now that needs are easing some- v&y* than one to skin a cat. what, Anderson wrote Capper and TJJJS h^ to do Hope, there is danger that" the ^th skinning the present "inflexible" support system;, onsumer _ •will encourage "excessive and waste- It has to d0j ful" production of some products. The Secretary said he favors i system of flexible price supports, natural gas bill ranging from 52 to 90 per cent of g thm h parity. The larger tHe supply of a b ^ d he ]? e be _ commodity the lower the price sup- f about this port would be. And the other — said he was prompted to ask for congressional action now ternoon j^t n. ama . 5tnk _ because of the possibility of anoth-i * , n ° inomas btokes £ &*£&£:»• S-te .Inter- 6 .state Commerce committee. tConttnued on Pag' MM-- j To freshen your recollection, this ANDERSON {bill would cost natural gas consum- Qxing gas pipeline rates from cost of production to something called "prevailing field price-" But, further than that and of long-time importance, it would hamstring this federal agency — the FPC — set up to protect the consumer by forbidding the commission to go into various items of cost that it customarily explores in fixing rates. To the average consumer this may seem technical, but it would cost him money. An outcry has gone up from many quarters as the story has gotten around about this bin— how much i'. would cost the natural gas user, how it would boost still higher the already handsome profits of oif and gas companies, how this would benefit mostly a few big com- cher. So. Dak. panies, how some of its promoters in Congress have connections of one sort and another with natural gas and oiL Among the protestors is the Conference of Mayors, representing mayors of cities all over the country. The conference went on record against the bill at its recent meeting. Mayors are fully aware of what the bill would mean to householders in their cities. Now all this public resentment has frightened the Republican leadership of Congress. This is an election year, and it might not be politically astute to hoist the toll on consumers just now, consumers also being voters. Likewise, this would Since. hand the Democrats a tailor-made campaign issue, which President Truman could dramatize by a veto (Continued on Page Nine) •TOKEE i 5105,000 GOES UP IN SMOKE — The $90,000 Scotland high school building, containing $15,000 worth of equipment dnd supplies, is shown above shortly after a fire alarm had been turned in at 6:50 a. m. Wednesday. The two-story brick structure, first opened in 1938, was almost a complete loss. Although the walls did not collapse, they were standing bulged and cracked after the flames had subsided. The Scotland, Menno and Tyndall fire departments, although unable to save the building, controlled the flying embers to prevent other fires from starting, and saved the furnace room equipment which also is used to heat the gymnasium, 20 feet south of the main building. Tension Grips Finland As USSR Turns Gaze On Little Republic President Juno PaasikW received swore in the new Czechoslovak cab- a personal letter from the Soviet me t, loaded with Ctommunists and and saddled the country with a $300 Bombs, even when atomic, never de- million reparations bill. cided the outcome of war. War Is Tension and uncertainty spread decided by human beings.'* in Finland. PaasikM and his cabi-j o net held lengthy conferences. Tired old President Eduard Seres State Hay Be a persona! letter irom tne soviet, met, loaded with Communists and f Al »!• A Union asking for a new agreement fellow travelers. A friend said Benes NCfiDG lit 1 GSlS Informed circles in Helsinki said viorf t-ntn «,» /-•„„,_.._;_i. ___<__ !••»»»*••*» ^r« • wimp Informed circles In Helsinki said; had told the Communist premier, «,.~ v-^™^ *„- ,„*. ---- ...^ ,„ . they believed the letter asked for a Klement- pact of friendship or some kind of defense accord. A semi-official source said the letter was signed by Prime Minister Stalin. Russia had pretty well stripped! the little republic after winning two' wars, in 1939-40 and 1941-44. Russia' took away Karelia and the Petsamoj (Pechenga) area, the naval base at! Porkkala TJdd In southwest Finland "YouTe talking Mundf Predicts Senate Hay Hike Funds For Oahe Washington, D. C.—<fl>) — Rep. Mundt (R, S. D.) predicted today the Senate may raise the appropriation for Oahe dam from the House- approved $13 million to $3 million. The $1.2 million allotment weathered two attacks by Rep. Mahon (D, Tex.) before the House finally passed the Army Civil Functions apropriations bill yesterday. But Mundt told a reporter he knew of no opposition in the Senate to the big South Dakota project The Senate voted $6 million for Oahe last year, but only $800,000 for planning was in the appropriations biO as it went to the President's desk. The House would not accept the larger figure. Mundt said he understands the Senate this year will not shoot for so large an increase over the House allotment "I think the strategy will be not to ask for too much, for fear of losing everything,' he said. "Around $3 million would be about right for a starter." He said the additional funds are needed for a good beginning at Oahe. Building of access roads, rerouting of highways and railroads, and land acquisition would get under way with the proposed outlay. "The House approval of even the $1.2 minion sum is an epochal event for South Dakota," Mundt added. That money will take the project out of the planning stage and into the construction period." He said that removing Oahe from .he list of items authorized but not >egun will mean South Dakotans in Congress can focus on getting funds for Gavin's Point dam near Yankton, S. D. That project would be designed to lelp regulate Misourt river flow to improve navigation. to me like Hitler" and that the Red cabinet could "have only evil results." Benes was said to have accepted it reluctantly, fearing war. The United States, Great Britain and France formally called the new government a "disguised dictatorship." They protested that the Communists "artificially and deliberately instigated" the cabinet crisis a week ago to seize power. Virtually the same pattern >een carried out previously in Hun- On Artificial Rain Washington, D. O.—(ff5—Appar- civil ently it is up to the weather bureau ' whether South Dakota will be the scene of a man-made rain test next summer. Secretary of Agriculture Ander- Albania. To Communists were busy Manchuria and northern Korea. • .* fc Communism has broken through into the wide open spaces. Forward! son, replying to a query front Rep. iFrancis Case (R., 3. D.), said the i bureau is handling research, work on the problem. ! "In the event that the weather bureau arranges for experimental Washington, D. C.—<U.O—Secre- tary of Commerce W. Averell Hartman has warned Congress that Rusian aggression is "a greater menace than Hitler," It was revealed today. The disclosure was made by the House Apropriations committee as [t voted $503.420,263 to run the State. Commerce and Justice departments and the federal courts during the fiscal year starting July I. This is a net cut of $35,417468 from President Truman's budget requests. The committee also demanded that the Justice department step up its anti-monopoly work, particularly in the fields of food, clothing and housing. It gave the department additional money for the work. TTflrrimftn, former ambassador to Moscow, said at committee hearings that unless communism is stopped in western Europe, "we will face a situation, that we cannot deal with, and the balance of power, which now is predominantly in our favor. wIH be against us." He was one of several top American officials, including Secretary of State George C. Marshall, who criticized Soviet policy during the hearings. Their testimony was released only today. Marshall said the United States is "basically friendly" to the Russian people. But he said Soviet officials are "very slow to agree, rather difficult in negotiation, and I would say generally suspicious of our motives." Harriman's statement was sparked by an observation by Rep. Cliff Clevenger (R., O.). The Congressman said he Is not so much worried over Red expansion in Europe as he Is over the chance the United States win go bankrupt Harriman said "most of our discomfort at home" stems from' tho European situation. "Unfortunately,'' he said "there are aggressive forces in the world coming from the Soviet Union which are just as destructive In their effect on the world and our own way of lite as Hitter was. and I think are a greater menace than Hitter was." He said he believed the United States can deal with these forces now. But if this country turns its back oil Europe, he said. It soon win face "an unmanageable situation." • In Its budget recommendations, the committee earmarked $197,217.463 for the State department $116330,700 for Justice, $171.087,000 for Commerce and $18,785,000 for the federal courts. If the House upholds the committee cuts It would bring over-all reductions on the first three money bins to hit the floor to $22,740,370. 03(1 flights in South Dakota or elsewhere The Republican goal is to trim the budget $2,500,000,000. The only increase over Mr. Tru- d • Bulgaria ' mart to send an observer." he said "we shall try to arrange to detail 1 "nan's budget requests was an ex- in someone for the purpose , SST.2? ^te^Tbureau and **£ C0mmea * the army regarding possible experiments - but has not J*"** fi™ 1 «3»- folson Quip 'Regrettable Incident' - NBC Palm Springs, Calif.- (£>)—"if you don't laugh, get the hell out of lere," were the first words Al Jolson's radio audience heard last night. Jolson's quip, not Intended for broadcast, was directed at the stu- io audience at the end of a pre- iminary warmup, but the program already was on the ah-. A National Broadcasting corn- any spokesman called it grettable incident." 'a re- Lake Titicaca forms part of the boundary between Bolivia and Peru. Anderson told him the weather bureau Is bent on "developing whatever possibilities there are" in artificial rain-making. St. Lawrence Bill Returned To Committee Washington, D. C.—{ff>—The Senate scuttled St. Lawrence seaway for another 24 hours. legislation Friday by sending it back to committee for further study. The action means, in effect, that no further Senate consideration will be given the multi-million project this session. Senator Smith (R., N. J.) successfully moved to send the bill back to the Foreign Relations committee. The vote was 57 to 30. tra $161,700 for the Justice department anti-trust division, bringingr Its funds to $3,411,700. Sioux River Ice Said Threatening Sioux Falls, S. D.—VP)— careful watch was being- kept here on lc» In the Sioux river, reported "so heavy it ( would take a lot with It If it broke now." Glen Clark, Girton Adams Ice company superintendent, sounded the warning. Earlier It was predicted by F. T. McCauley of the NosShern States Power company that the Ice will break up If it continues to rain Fred: When Senator Makes Speech That's Not Last 01 It-Unfortunaiely Hog House HOG HOUSE, 20 BY 24. HIP ROOF Good shape. $285. Nels J. Scott, Let- By FREDERICK C. OTHMAN Washington. D. C.—When a Senator makes a speech, unfortunately, -hat is not the end ->f it. He's got to preserve it for DOS erity. And here lately he (meaning the average Senator) has been uttering so many deathless words as to present a problem. Please, said Edward F. McGinnis, the senatorial sergeant- at-arms. give him an extra $5.500 so he can keep the mimeograph machines grinding at top speed. Senator Styles Bridges of New Hampshire of the Appropriations committee, asked him to explain. Well, sir, said the dignified McGinnis, it used to be that when a Senator wanted to mail out a batch of his speeches to his constituents, he'd send his secretary down to borrow the sergeant's mimeograph. But there were complaints I had good results, sold front of her dress. "^« -being an callers duplicating machines a couple if ' Tears ago and P ut ta a staff of six experts to run same for the sole It pays to advertise in benefit of Senators mailing prose rrnii* TtmiUla Cn»r.:^ n XJ7~-.»' back to *&* voters. Here lately your Double Service Wont seems ^e. ^ey^ ^a Atti r^p ads. nights thinking up staff to ten the home folks. McGinnls had the literary statistics. —Nels I. Scott During January a year ago- his hard-working stencil cutters pilei up 50,000 copies a week of senatorial form letters, speeches, reports, and other types of wordy wisdom This January. McGlnnis said bis boys knocked themselves out pro ducing 335.000 weekly copies Thev had to work late every oight "Does the fact that this Is an election year," asked Senator Car Hayden of Arizona, "have anything to do with It?" McGinnls. who is a cautious man thought that over before he replied: "Off the record, sir. It rnlgn have." His testimony seemed to disturb Senator Richard B. Russell o Georgia, who looked through th formal report on preserving the ut terances of Senators and aske< what was the nature of the 773,00 documents mimeographed during the week ending February 6? 'Not documents," said the Sarge "Pages of documents. Many of them have a number of pages." Senator Milton R. Young of North Dakota cleared his throat. His fault he said. That was the week he sen 40,000 copies of a two-page ques tionnaire to his supporters at home "And the sergeant-at-arms di (Continued on Page Nine) OTHMA. Workers In one plant complained: that black metal boxes they had to lift were too heavy. But one week- dollar|"nd the boxes were painted green and the workmen were delighted with the "new" lightweight boxes. Weather Forecast South Dakota: Light to moderate snow and much, colder with increas- ng northerly winds and developing nto blizzard conditions some sec- ions of east portion tonight and Saturday. Low temperatures tonight, 10 to 20 north, 20 '- 3" south por- tfbn. High Saturday, mostly 15 to 25. PRECIPITATION Month '48 47 Avg. Bee. Yr. January J3 27 43 2.10 VI Frbruary J8 .04 .66 2.00 15 Mar. 37 124 3.45 '06 April 3.24 2.50 7.35 06 Maj 1.42 331 1058 42 June 6.27 4.03 8.4S TO July 24 3.06 8.84 '10 August -85 2.60 7.23 44 September 231 2.13 6.72 -23 Average precipitation for portion cf year to date 1.13. Total precipitation tor 1948 to date 31 The maximum temperatures are taken from 5:30 a. m to 5 30 p ra as recorded by the local weather observer The minimum temperatures are taken from 6 p -n to 7 a. m. The precipitation Is taken at 8 a. m. High 56 Low 40 7a.m. today 40 Huron Watertown Pierre Lemmon Sioux City, la. Tankton Aberdeen Rapid City Philip High 42 37 45 41 57 58 39 54 54 Low 35 32 30 24 39 33 27 28 Pcpl Tf

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