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The Baltimore Sun from Baltimore, Maryland • Page 16

The Baltimore Suni
Baltimore, Maryland
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4B: Saturday, December 28, 1996 The Sun Population growth shaping new face for Maryland increase predicted by 2020; 500,000 acres of farms to be developed ASSOCIATED PRESS It's 1792 and Baltimore is just a red dot on the Patapsco River. Washington's dot can barely be seen. Seconds later, the computer animation of the growth of the region's two major urban centers shows 1925 and two small hands reaching toward each other. Then it's 1966 and their fingers are touching and spreading, quickly now. By 1992 they are massive hands with bloated red fingers interlacing.

The computer animation put together by geographers at the University of Maryland Baltimore County is a striking rendition of the problem Maryland is encountering: suburban sprawl. Growth is shaping a new face for Maryland. But experts say the face that will emerge 25 years from now could be frightening if growth is allowed to continue the way it has in the past. The future could find more Marylanders living on what was once farmland or forest farther from our decaying 1 urban centers, driving on i increasingly congested roads, coping with increasing pollution. That is why managing growth has become a priority for state lawmakers, local officials and planners.

A fundamental issue "It is one of the most fundamental issues that the state faces in terms of our economic competitiveness, the effectiveness of government and the legacy that we will leave for future generations," said Ron Kreitner, director of the Maryland Office of Planning. "Management of growth deals with the viability of communities, the quality of life, the efficiency of our roads and utilities and schools and institutions," he said. "It touches upon all dimensions of life for us." By 2020 Maryland's population is expected to grow 21 percent from about 5 million to more than 6 million. Some changes in the face of Maryland that planners foresee over the next quarter century: State tries innovation to boost child support Experiment pits bonus plan against private collection pacts ASSOCIATED PRESS HAGERSTOWN The challenge is on. Can private companies do a better job than state workers of collecting child support from deadbeat 1 parents? To find out, the state of Maryland is running an experiment.

Two jurisdictions, Baltimore City and Queen Anne's County, have privatized their child support enforcement by contracting with Lockheed Martin Corp. for the work. Meanwhile, Washington County is dangling a cash carrot a 5 percent bonus if certain goals are met before 35 workers in Hagerstown. In three years, the state will see how their collection records compare. It is a three-year experiment to improve child-support enforcement, started Nov.

1, that could shape the future of child-support enforcement statewide. "We hope to learn from both the privatization and the demonstration project in Washington County how we can better collect child support," said Del. Samuel I. Rosenberg, the Baltimore-area Democrat who heads the House subcommittee on health and human resources. Leslie Mills, a Washington County social services employee who has been tracking deadbeat parents for nine years, says the incentive money is just "icing on the cake." Maryland population trends Below are county-by-county growth, as provided by sions are ranked by the 1970 Calvert 20,682 Charles 47,678 Howard 61,911 Frederick 84,927 Carroll 69,006 Queen Anne's 18.422 St.

Mary's 47,388 Worcester 24,442 Cecil 53,291 Wicomico 54,236 Pr. George's 660,567 Harford 115,378 Montgomery 522,809 Caroline 19,781 Anne Arundel 297,539 Garrett 21,476 Washington 103,829 Talbot 23,682 Somerset 18,924 Kent 16,146 Dorchester 29,405 Baltimore Co. 621,077 Allegany 84,044 Balt. City 905,759 Maryland 3,922,399 estimates of Maryland's population the Maryland Office of Planning. The subdivirate of change forecast between 1995 and 2020.

chng 1990 1995 2000 2020 $95-'20 51,372 64,000 76,2001 124,300 94.22 101,154 111,300 131,100 175,600 57.77 187,328 218,400 245,600 338,000 54.76 150,208 175,000 203,200 267,100 52.63 123,372 138,800 149,300 200,400 44.38 33,953 37,350 41,600 52,900 41.63 75,974 80,900 88,600 108,900 34.61 235,028 39,750 43,300 51,400 29.31 71,347 78,400 83,700 99,600 27.04 74,339 79,400 84,000 100,000 25.94 729,268 771,600 812,100 971,400 25.89 182,132 209,100 226,600 261,800 25.20 757,027 810,000 855,000 1,000,000 23.46 27,035 29,050 30,600 34,700 19.45 427,239 459,700 480,200 531,500 15.62 28,138 29,550 30,650 33,650 13.87 121,393 127,400 131,500 144,500 13.42 30,549 32,650 33,400 37,000 13.32 23,440 24,350 25,400 27,250 11.91 17,842 18,750 19,050 20,000 6.67 30,236 30,350 30,850 32,250 6.26 692,134 712,900 723,200 757,500 6.26 74,946 74,550 77,500 78,300 5.03 736,014 692,800 691,800 671,300 4,781,468 5,046,050 5,314,450 6,119,350 21.27 tank, said the problems facing those trying to control growth are systemic. "We have a structure where, as opposed to Europe or Canada, we favor suburban development. "At the federal level we have mortgage guarantees primarily for single-family homes. Back in the '50s, if you wanted to have the tax writeoff, you had to buy a home. "This vicious cycle' "Then you had the situation of the middle-class flight from the cities, which took a substantial portion of the tax base from the cities, which meant everything got worse in the cities," Clinch said.

"You created this vicious cycle of reinforcing incentives for suburbanization." Much of Maryland's growth is occurring in rural areas on the suburban fringe, like Calvert, Howard, Frederick, and Queen Anne's counties. The problem, planners say, is that new developments are built on larger lots, swallowing up more farms and forests than ever before. Open space is lost and more cars traveling from suburbs farther away add to air pollution. More asphalt and concrete and more septic systems in once undeveloped areas funnel more polluted runoff and untreated wastewater into streams, rivers and, ultimately, the Chesapeake Bay. Suburban sprawl also strains the infrastructure in once-rural counties, planners say.

"If we had all the school capacity we needed and all the roads we needed, there wouldn't be any issues to deal with," says James Shaw, director of planning for Frederick County. For years the county has been trying to steer development into designated growth areas, where 3399 3339 I Baltimore's population is expected to decrease to about 671,000 from about 700,000 today and more than 905,000 in 1970 a 25 percent decrease in 50 years. The population of Calvert County is expected to double to more than 124,000 and the populations of Howard and Frederick counties are expected to grow more than 50 percent to 175,000 and 338,000 respectively. Statewide, Maryland stands to lose 500,000 acres of farmland, roughly equal in size to Baltimore County. In Central Maryland, planners forecast as much land will be developed as in Maryland's entire history.

The problem, planners say, is that Marylanders, like many Americans, are leaving urban centers and older suburbs for new developments with more expansive lots at the fringe of suburbia. Meanwhile, the jurisdictions in charge of growth management Maryland's 23 counties and Baltimore City are not working together. According to Douglas Porter, president of the Bethesda-based Growth Management Institute, Maryland is one of 10 states with statewide growth-management plans in place, but its plan is among the weakest. The Growth Act of 1992 requires counties to abide by seven guiding visions in developing master plans to handle growth and curb suburban sprawl. But it allows each county wide latitude and critics consider it toothless.

A new plan Gov. Parris N. Glendening will propose to lawmakers would spell out specific criteria for "smart growth areas" such as existing municipalities, where roads, schools and sewer systems are already in place. Build outside those areas, and the state would not help fund improvements to infrastructure. Larry Gates, vice president of land resources for Ryland Homes, said buyer preferences and county policy-making are what is driving suburban sprawl.

"The local governments are kind of dictating what they want," Gates said. "Buyers drive two hours not because they want to live on a farm, but because they want a house they can afford." Richard Clinch, program manager of the Maryland Business Research Partnership, a corporatefunded competitiveness think Boosting child support: Child-support collector Leslie Mills works at others in her office could earn a 5 percent bonus for increasing collection "Our primary goal is to do the best job we can in this competition to save our jobs," Mills said. The Hagerstown social services office views the undertaking as a contest it can win. "The 35 people on our staff, to a person, volunteered to become a demonstration site," said Edward Maloy, the office's assistant director. "They see it as working to save their jobs by showing that they can do the work better, be faster, smarter and all the things that go into a competition like this." The challenge for Maloy, a career bureaucrat, and his staff is to run their operation more like a private enterprise.

That's where the bonus comes in. Based on federal recommendations, the state has set specific goals in five areas of child-support enforcement. For each goal the office meets, the workers will receive a 1 percent annual bonus. Everett L. Chapman, 73, concrete specialist Everett L.

Chapman, a concrete specialist with Arundel died Tuesday at Johns Hopkins Hospital after suffering a stroke. He was 73. Born in Pimlico, he was a 1941 City College 1956 PHOTO graduate. He went to work for the old Brooks-Arundel Concrete Co. that year and stayed with the company, which later became Arundel for 37 years.

"He was widely known in the concrete industry. There was hardly a project, from the building of Memorial Stadium to the construction of light rail, that he didn't serve," said A. O. "Reds" House, a colleague at Arundel. In 1946, after serving with the Navy in the Pacific Theater as a radioman first class, Mr.

Chapman married Harriet Irvin, who survives him. Services will be held at 11 a.m. today at Witzke Funeral Home, 1630 Edmondson Catonsville. Also surviving are two sons, Stuart Chapman of Darlington and Steven Chapman of Bel Air; a daughter, Shelley Hostetter of Catonsville; a sister, Mary Lou Holdefer of Pinellas Park, and four grandchildren. Marie C.

Helinski, 68, Police Department clerk Marie C. Helinski, clerk at Northeastern District police station, died Dec. 24 of cancer at her Parkville home. She was 68. The former Marie Catherine Idzik, who graduated from Patterson Park High School, was a longtime a former 1996 PHOTO member of St.

Michael the Archangel Church in Overlea. On Aug. 8, 1954, she married George J. Helinski, a former district judge who is now retired. Mrs.

Helinski was chief clerk at the Northeastern District station house, a job she began when the station house was on Ashland Avenue. She left that job in 1961 to raise her family but returned to the Police Department in 1980 and remained for eight years. "She enjoyed nature and the state she lived in. She toured the Civil War battlegrounds and the Chesapeake Bay. She passed that appreciation on to her children," said Michael S.

Helinski, a son who lives in Middle River. "She was creative and made wonderful Halloween costumes. She used my father's tuxedos and used old curtains," said Lois Stickles, a daughter who lives in Perry Hall. A Mass of Christian burial will be offered at 9:30 a.m. today at St.

Michael the Archangel Church. Also surviving are two other daughters, Barbara J. Graves of Frederick and Martha A. Powers of Cub Hill; two brothers, Walter and Joseph Idzik of Baltimore; two sisters, Irene Brooks of Baltimore and Frances Kocur of New Orleans; and eight grandchildren. Memorial donations may be made to the St.

Michael School Library Fund, 10 Willow Baltimore 21206. Elsewhere Michael Bruno, 64, an Israeli economist, former World Bank vice president and head of the Bank of Israel, died Wednesday in Jerusalem. Bruno held several key economic posts and was part of the group that formulated the government's economic stabilization policy between 1988 and 1991. The plan reined in Israel's spiraling inflation rate. Tom Green, 55, a senior entertainment writer for USA Today, died Tuesday in Los Angeles of complications of pancreatitis.

His 14-year-career with USA Today began with the newspaper's inception. Green opened the Los Angeles bureau in 1982 and later was bureau chief and entertainment editor. In the last 14 years, Green had interviewed virtually every top actor, director and producer. He previously worked for the Press-Enterprise in Riverside, the Sun-Telegram in San Bernardino, and the Democrat and Chronicle in Rochester, N.Y. Aram Karamanoukian, 86, a retired Syrian general and senator who became a scholar in Paris and then in his adopted home of the United States, died Monday in Fort Lee, N.J., of cancer.

Karamanoukian earned a doctorate in international law at the Sorbonne in Paris at age 62. His the infrastructure to accommodate the increasing population exists. But lean fiscal times left the county unable to keep up with growth, Shaw said. Crowded schools, for example, are expected to get worse. By 2005, Frederick County's school population is expected to swell to almost 40,000, about 20 percent more than now and 50 percent more than in 1980.

The 1993 began attaching a "'School impact fee" to building permits to generate more revenue for school construction. The fee brings in about $2.8 million a year. "But that doesn't even build you a new school," Shaw said. Other counties have also moved to halt development that is coming at a faster pace than public facilities can handle. In Baltimore County, for instance, the County Council in December again extended a controversial moratorium on building in areas with crowded schools.

'Doesn't pay for itself' Queen Anne's County is seeking more commercial development to pay for infrastructure improvements needed to accommodate its swelling population of people who commute to work across the Bay Bridge. "Residential development doesn't pay for itself," said Barry Griffith, community planner for the county's Department of Planning and Zoning. But commercial development threatens the rural character many newcomers sought. And while development consumes farmland and forests, historic buildings in Baltimore are being abandoned to decay, says Tyler Gearhart, incoming head of Preservation Maryland. ASSOCIATED PRESS her office in Hagerstown.

She and under an experimental state plan. ents. Members of the state's attorney's staff are now within the office's organizational structure, eliminating file duplication. Even worker titles have been clarified: "Programs unit agents" are now "child-support specialists." Washington County's enforcement record is already among the best in the state, with a collection rate of 75 percent to 80 percent for the last five years, Maloy said. The office collected slightly less than $8 million in child-support payments last year, he said.

That compares with Baltimore's collection rate last year of 31 percent, or $97.3 million. Maloy said Washington County's staff worked especially hard last year at establishing paternal orders the legal recognition of a child's father which is the starting point for collections. Such orders rose by 83 percent last year in Washington County, Maloy said. "We're poised for this," he said. thesis was revised and published as a book, "Foreigners and Military Service." In 1990, he passed his citizenship exam and was honored by the executive board of the New Jersey Association for Lifetime Learning as the Outstanding Adult Learner from Bergen County for the 1989-1990 school year.

Pursing a military career, Karamanoukian graduated from the Ecole de Guerre in Paris in the early 1930s. Al Schottelkotte 69, veteran newsman and Scripps Howard executive, died Wednesday of cancer at his rural home in southern Indiana. Schottelkotte, a former reporter for the Cincinnati Enquirer who pioneered television news in his 35 years at WCPO-TV, had been battling cancer for about two years. Clayton Tonnemaker, 68, an All-America lineman at the University of Minnesota who later played for the Green Bay Packers, died Wednesday in St. Paul, of complications after heart and lung surgery.

A member of the College Football Hall of Fame, Tonnemaker started at center and linebacker for the Gophers from 1946 to 1949. He joined Green Bay as a firstround draft pick in 1950. Tonnemaker was a vice president until 1975 for Cargill the commodities trading and food processing company. He also ran a coal mine in Montana, and later imported industrial equipment. Gregory Kane Read about Bass Reeves, the best in the Old West Hitting all the targets would mean a 5 percent bonus, or a total of $38,093 for the 35 employees.

Individually, maximum bonuses would range from $736 to more than $1,500, depending on the worker's salary. The federal government will pick up two-thirds of the cost of the bonuses. Maloy said incentive pay is just one aspect of a plan to make the office more businesslike as it goes after its 6,000 cases with techniques modeled after similar projects in Pennsylvania and Georgia. "Efficiency and streamlining are the things we're going after," he said. For example: Flexible work hours enable collectors to make calls at night, when their targets are apt to be home.

The county Circuit Court has created a child support "master" to hear only collection cases. A new "customer service" unit will deal with child-support recipi- from Page Old West has ever known. Mind you, that's not "the best black lawman." It's the best lawman, period. That includes the renowned Wyatt Earp, who wasn't exactly a slouch as a lawman. Reeves was one of several black U.S.

deputy marshals appointed by Judge Isaac Parker to patrol the Indian Territory in the latter part of the 19th century. The Indian Territory, in what is now Oklahoma, was a haven for the vilest criminals. Parker's deputy marshal force was multiracial black, white and Indian. So was the criminal element in the Indian Territory. In the 21 years Parker served as judge in Fort Smith, deputy U.S.

marshals rounded up enough criminals for him to try 13,490 cases and win 8,500, according to AbdulJabbar's research. Despite Parker's reputation as a hanging judge, only 79 men were executed during. his tenure 30 white, 26 Indian and 23 black. (Abdul-Jabbar calls Parker "the equal opportunity Hanging Reeves is regarded by some historians as Parker's best deputy marshal. In 32 years as a lawman, Reeves made some 3,000 arrests and killed some 14 men.

The number of men killed could have been higher, but Reeves used ingenuity, his knowledge of five Indian languages and clever disguises to capture most of the criminals he pursued. He could well have been America's first undercover cop. It is worth repeating that Reeves' exploits occurred in the Indian Territory, which was west of Fort Smith. The region was so gruesome that it was said, "There is no God west of Fort Smith." Sixty-five of Parker's deputy marshals were killed in the line of duty, and Reeves as the most feared one in the Indian Territory was shot at plenty of times. It's a pity we don't get to hear or read much about the lives of people like Bass Reeves.

I first read about him in Art Burton's book "Black, Red and Deadly." I don't know if it's a case of great minds thinking alike or of guys with extremely large foreheads thinking alike, but both Abdul-Jabbar and I were impressed by an occurrence that demonstrated Reeves' integrity. "To me," Abdul-Jabbar writes, "the event in Bass Reeves' life that took the true measure of the man was when he arrested his own son. As far as I know, there was no comparable situation for a lawman in the West." Abdul-Jabbar skillfully blends the unfamiliar historical figures with those well-known in this book. He wrote it so that black youth "could feel connected to this country its institutions." But there is something here for everyone, as his praise of Judge Parker and Thomas Jefferson always speak highly of Thomas shows. The history of Afro-America and white America are indeed intertwined.

Buy this book as a gift for some youngster reluctant to read or for yourself..

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