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The Abbeville Press And Banner from Abbeville, South Carolina • Page 6

Abbeville, South Carolina
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M' in NEARLY 1000 FEET Mi The Great Eiffel Tower at the Paris Exposition. Sow the Colossal Structure, Just Completed, was Erected, The great EifFol tower at the Paris Exhibition has just been completed, and a description of the colossal structure, with an account of the way it was built, and a sketch of its constructor, will be appropriate at this time, it is scarcely necessary to say tnattue A it Cologne Xie Eiffel Tower, CathedrrJ, SSI ft. The Great 511 Xt. Pyramid, 4S0 ft. Eiffel tower is by far the highest structure in ithe world.

It presents a decidedly unique ap- ipearance, general outline not unlike a stack of four gigantic muskets with their ibutts well and solidly spread and their bayonets joining at their tips. The Eiffel tower stands in the Champ de (Mars, almost on the left bank of the river (Seine, just In the rear of the Quai d'Orsay, in fact a part of its foundation is sunk through an old arm of the river, which has filled in these many years. Its base covers a plot of ground 32S feet square, or nearly two and a half acres in extent. GUSTAVE EIFFEL. It is really at the base a group of four towers, each nearly fifty feet square, placed at the corners of the plot of ground, and inclining toward each other as they rise at an angle Of fifty-four degrees.

Each'tower consists of four columns, bound together by trusswork. and each column rests on a masonry pier which is so built that the weight of the column rests upon it squarely and not at an angle. As the tower is 9S4 feet high, it will be I seen that the matter of providing a solid foundation was one of great importance. was a lot of boring and dieging lief ore spot up-; which tower staucls i finally selected. The foUlidatioii rests upon a thick stratum of sand and gravel.

It may be well to say. for the benefit of those who think sand is a rather treacherous sort of ground, that a bed of sand and gravel, away under ground, is orettv solid stulf. Une of the towers of the C. I cnuge resis ou iuui i ui The foundations of the two piers of the Eiffel tower farthest from the Seine rest on sand and gravel about twenty-five feet below the surface of the ground. These foundations were laid in open excavations, and consist first of great solid platforms of beton, six feet thick, and next of four stone piers which rise to the surface to receive the iron columns.

The foundations for the two piers nearest the river were not so easily laid. It was necessary to go thirty-five feet the surface of the ground, and this was sixteen feet under water. So caissons had to be used, as they were in building the Brooklyn Bridge piers. A caisson is in effect simply an enormous iiron box, without any cover, turned upside down. The method of using it is to dig the earth out from under it and allow it to gradually settle as the excavation progresses, meanwhile building the pier on top.

When the required depth is reached the caisson itself is filled up with the beton. and it forms the bottom layer of the foundation. A shaft is left running through the pier above for entrance and exit as the work goes on, and the air in the caissun and shaft is compressed to whatever is necessary to keep the water out of the bottom. It is the principle of diving bell modified. Work 011 the foundations was begun on January and at the end of June they rwere completed.

Then began the labor of setting up the innumerable pieces of Iron of which the tower is composed, and it went 0:1 at a rapid rate, for each individual piece jcame from tfee works of M. Eiffel, at Levallois-Feret, cut to its exact dimensions, fitted BOUND FOE OKLAHOMA. Huge Trains, With Goods, Houses in Sections, on the Way. In the region about Kansas City, nothing is heard of but Oklahoma. In the Kansas City freight yards, crowded on the track, and under moving orders are about thirty huge trains freighted with the anticipated necessaries of the comiq? community.

There are houses in sections, ready to be bolted together and entered for habitation within sixty minutes after their delivery. There are "completed stocks of every conceivable sort of merchandise, and each carload of stock is packed away the building required to hold it. In this manner driiz stores, drygoods stores, boot and shoe stores, saloons and groceries are in readiness to Ivgin business on arrival. It is said in the railway offices at Kansas City that KKK) carloads of supplies for Oklahoma have already been sent forward. The poor squatters with their slow teams, who months and years ago.

marked out their homes in the promised land, declare thev will fight for thvm. Meanwhile troops arc "being quietly told oil' to do police duty in conjunction with the United States Marshal at tho points of crowded settlement and registration. Tuf. Machinery Palace at the Paris Exposition has 6000 tons of iron in it, is 1390 feet long and 150 feet high; it cost $600,000. Itu the oiggest thing of the kind ever built.

and drilled. that no modification was necessary at the place of operations. Up to a height of about fifty feet the workmen required no scaffolding to work upon, as each pier supported itself, although each leaned toward the others. Then an artificial support had to he provided, as above that height, until the first platform was reached, the center gravity of each pier would fall outside of the base. And so piece by piece the towers grew, and at length reached a height of 140 feet.

Then four enormous horizontal trusses were put iu place to connect the four piers. These were nearly 140 feet long and weighed a good many "tons, and in order to place them in position it was uecessarj- to erect an extensive false work, or scaffolding. When these trusses were in position, and the con necting beams to form flooring were 111 place, the workmen hail a great solid platform. nearly 150 feet above the ground and upward of 150 feet square, to work upon. These four inclined piers and the fotir big connecting trusses form the solid groundwork of the tower.

There is nothing particularly unique in the detail of construction. The work is simply a system of trusses and braces, in which the material is so placed as to make a strong and light structure. The four great arches which rise between the piers, immediately under the great horizontal trusses, are largely ornamental in character. They serve to round off what would otherwise be an angular outline, but do not support any of the weight of the structure. Above the lower platform two four-corner piers incline toward each other at a sharper angle.

The iron columns are lighter ami the spaces in the system of bracing are larger. High above the first platform, nearly 400 feet from the ground, a second series of horizontal trusses binds the four piers together and forms the basis for a second landing. These two platforms are glorious places ml EMSMf II; Igillllj ll St. Peter's, Statue of Wasb- Column J3C ft. Rouen Liberty, Ingtoa Vemlome, Cathedral, 301 ft.

Monument, US ft. 4T0 ft. 500 ft. from which to view the city of Paris. They are so large that even very timid persons standing on them will lose" all fear.

The lower one is nearly half an acre in extent while the upper one is about one-third that size. From tne platform a view of the country for forty miles around may be obtained. Above the second platform the four corner gradually approach each other and at ength unite in one pier, at the top of which, nearly a fifth of a mile from the ground, there is a covered observatory, and above this rises a slender mast. Doubtless many thousaud people will see Paris and ever so many square miles of surrounding country from the observatory during the summer. They will not have to walk up, for a gigantic elevator runs up through one of the piers to the very top.

This elevator is of peculiar construction, for the carriage or truck, travels upward on a spiral track, while the car itself rises vertically, or rather as nearly vertically as the angle of the pier will allow. While the Eiffel tower was a stupendous conception, and will stand as completed the marvel of modern engineering, no new principles are involved in its construction. In fact, to an engineer, the most wonderful thing about the tower is its simplicity. The 1 way for the Eiffel tower, both in conception and execution, was paved, after a fasnion, by the work on the Garobit viaduct and the Taraes bridge, both of which were built by Eiffel. In fact, the construction of bridges and viaducts, without the use of scaffolding or false work, by making the several parts balance themselves as the work progresses, owes much to this French engineer.

Gustave Eiffel is a master of construction. It is said of him that he combines within himself the practical knowledge of the Eng- 1 lish engineer, the audacity of the American 1 and the science and theories of the French- man. He was born at Dijon, France, in 1S32, 1 and was educated at the Central School of Sciences and Arts. He it was who first made i practical use of compressed air in cassions in the building of bridge foundations, in the erection of the great bridge at Bordeaux. JSHgyA TOP OF THE TOWER.

M. Eiffel has been a busy man, indeed, these many years, but he found time, when the statue of Liberty Enlightening the World was to be set up in New York Harbor, to design the skeleton framework which supports the gigantic figure ami at the same time firmly holds it to the granite pier on which it stands, A glance at the illustration will show to what extent the Eiffel tower overshadows all the famous tall structures of the world. In comparison with its list feet Cheops is dwarfed at 41:0. Tiie Washington Monument is little less than 500 feet high, and the point of the fin me of Liberty's torch in York Harbor rises barely 300 feet in the air. The ascending the Eiffel tower are five francs (SI) to the top, three francs (sixty cents) to the second platform and two francs (forty cents) to the first.

The thrae platforms will hold 10.CKX' people. APRIL CROPS REPORTS. The Condition of Winter Grain and Farm Animals. The crop report of the Dejiartment of Agri- i culture for April relates to the condition of winter gram ana 01 tarm animais as iney go out of winter quarters. There was little winter protection, except for a short time in mid-winter, in the latitude of heavy winter snows; consequently the more northern breadths are somewhat brown in color, and patchesin wet soilsare winter killed.

Yet the temperature has been so mild, with so few sudden extremes, that the present condition very good. The plants are generally well rooted, and have been growing, over large part of the area, through the winter. Tho general average condition is U4, nearly the same as the April condition of tho crop of 18S0. which fell at harvest that of lsss sl'. and that of the previous year, S3.1, The April condition of the large crop of 1SS4 was going up to 9S at harvest.

The rye crop is also in good condition. The general average is 93.0. The mild winter has been favorable to farm animals, which are generally in high condition. Won Kwang Pei, formerly of the Chinese Embassy at Washington and now in Shanghai, advocates the expulsion of every American in the service of China as a reprisal for the exclusion of Chiuaxnen from America. THE NEWS EPITOMIZED, Eastern and Middle States.

George Calder, proprietor of the Fulton Cotton Mill at Lancaster, has made an assignment. Liabilities $150,000. Tre thirty wood acid manufacturers of the United States met in Binghamton, N. and au association in the nature of a trust was formed. Intense c-scitemeut was created in shipping circles at New York ou Saturday by the ruedpt of a dispatch announcing that the 1.

steamer utuiuiiirii, uj. mc line, had been passed in mid-ocean in a wrecked condition, with no one on board. The Danmark had sailed from Denmark with 732 whom 650 were board. The agents of the line at New York believed that the people 011 board had.nil been picked up by a passing vessel. explosion of gas occurred in the Grant Tunnel mine at Nanticoke, causing the instant death of Charles Hogas, a fire boss, and Evan Madclie, pump runner.

The Commodore Bateman, a pilot boat, was cut in twain off the Georgia Banks, Nantucket, R. by the steamer Sueva, and Pilot John Handrail, of Brooklyn, and a colored cook named Harry Halford were drowned. A cyclone struck the mining town of Beidler. and demolished six dwellings. Ex-Congressman S.

3. Chittenden died at his home in Brooklyn. He was sixty-eight years old and was worth $5,000,000. General Charles Kinnaird Graham, of the United States Armv, died of pneu- 1 monia. at the Laurel House, Lakewood, N.

aged sixty-five. The Conshohocken "Worsted Company, of Philadelphia, has made an assignment. The company operates three mills and the monthly pay-roll amounted to about $35,000. Liabilities Mrs. Rummage, of Pittston.

overcome by grief, committed suicide by jumping into a reservoir. Her son committed suicide a year ago, and her husband was killed by lightning fast September. Ex-President Cleveland has declined the post of one of the Commissioners of the New High Bridge Park, to which he was recently uppuiuiAru ujr hua uuugv. Dr. Samuel W.

Gross, the eminent physician and surgeon of Philadelphia, has just died. General Seigel has sent, to Commissioner Tanner his resignation as Pension Agent at New York citv, to take effect upon the appointment of his successor. Judge Wallace's order dissolving the injunction of the Western Union Company was recorded in the United States Circuit Court. On Mayor Grant's order the Bureau of Incumbrances. of New York city, tore down the wires and poles on Broadway from Fourteenth street to Twentieth, and" were to continue on until Fifty-eighth street was reached.

South and. West. fifty-five miles north of Mobile, has been totally destroyed by fire. extremely malignant and mysterious disease resembling in some respects scarlet fever has broken out in Illinois. A dozen cases have proved fatal.

The disease usually runs its course within thirty-six hours. Meredith Stanley jumped from the Cincinnati Southern Railroad bridge over the Kentucky River. The height of the bridge is 235 feet. He jumped into twelve feet of water and was uninjured. The "Orange Belt" Railroad, from St.

Petersburg, on Tampa Bay (154 miles) to Sanford, has been formally opened. The world's conference of the Latter Day Saints or Mormons at St. Joseph, has adjourned. The next conference will be held April 6, 1890, at Lamar, Iowa. Law Prince, colored, of Savannah, in a fit of religious frenzy, killed his four CttTaUUl The United States Grand Jury at Port Townshead, Washington Territory, have found twenty-five indictments against William ex-Special Deputy Collector; eleven against Herbert F.

Beecher, ex-Treasury Agent, and twelve against Quincy A. Brooks for stealing from the Government. John P. Usher, of Kansas, Secretary of the Interior under President Lincoln, died at the University Hospital, in Philadelphia, while undergoing a surgical operation. The subscription for the Georgia Confederate Home, started at Atlanta, reached in a week's time.

John Jackson, President and proprietor 3f the St. Louis Grain Elevator Company, and i prominent and wealthy citizen, committed suicide by hanging in the office of the levator. Eddie Gallery, eleven years old, of Chicago, was accidentally shot and killed by Iris mother. Charles F. Hatch, President of the Wisconsin, Minnesota and Pacific Railway Company, and P.

E. Lockwood, a real dealer and capitalist, formerly of New York, both committed suicide in Minneapolis, Minn. Tur nnr Smith Carolina has jranted a full pardon to two colored lynchers of murder, bis ground being that they had simply followed the example of ivhite men, who had never been punished. David Lindsay, a farmer over sixty years nld, living near Ann Arbor, shot and idlled his adult son in a drunken quarrel. Grs Sunderland.

a colored boy, living at Mosely. S. was left by his mother to take of a younger brother, and getting tired the job. put a rope around the baby's neck uid hung it to the rafter of the house. The l-hild dead when found, A cyclone swept over Montgomery, County, Ala.

Two men were instantly killed by lightning and several others were shocked and seriously injured. Houses were blown down and damage done to young corn and cotton crops. A terrible forest fire in Patrick County, swept everything before it. One man, fix horses, a large number of hogs and cattle, and about 200 dwellings and tobacco bams were consumed. Many poor people art left in a destitute condition.

James A. Sexton has been appointed Postmaster at Chicago. W. H. Pettit.

aged seventy-two, his wife and his son. Washington, got into a fight at Kearney. over a loaded gun. The fight ended when the gun went olT and blew the old man's head to atoms. Tiie schooner Rio Lupton capsized in Albermarle Sound.

N. C. The Captain and one of the crew were drowned. Charles Funk, a cigar manufacturer, of Kankakee. 111., shot his divorced wife fatally and then killed himself.

Thirty-five residences and business houses in Muir, were burned. A WONDERFULLY rich discovery of copper was made at Duluth. by workmen excavating for a public building site. Washington. The President made the following appoint Henry S.

White, of West Virginia, to lie Marshal of that State; Lyman Knapp, of Middlebury, to be Governor of Alaska: James 1J. Luce, of Dakota, to bo Register of the land office at Rapid City, Dakota; Thomas W. Reed. of Washington Territory, to be Register of the land office at Seattle, Washington. The Secretary State has been informed that the Government of the Argentine Republic will send delegates to the conference of American Suites to be held in AVashington on the 4th of October next.

H. H. Smith has been appointed Chief Clerk of the Bureau of Steam Engineering, Xavy Department. Hex. Allen G.

Thvrmax. of Ohio, had a social confcrence with President Harrison at the White House. E. G. Kathhoxe.

of Cincinnati, has been appointed Chief of I'ostoffice Inspection. The total amount of bonds purchased to date under the circular of April 17. is Si, 300. of which were four per cents ami were ij-i per cents. The total cost of these was of which nimiunt l.WJ.'JiVf was paid for the four per cents and 17V was paid for the 4 per cents.

Mils. J. C. wife of Admiral Fel ifger. of the United States Navy, was thrown from her carriage in Washington and killed.

The Samoan Commissioners started for Berlin. Secretary Blaine's instructions insist on the maintenance of Samoan independence. The United States will pay no indemnity. Attorxey-General Miller presented to the Supreme Court the resolutions of the Bar on the death of Justice Matthews and made an appropriate speech, to which Chief Justice Fuller replied, and the resolutions were spread upon the records. Rear Admiral William Rogers Taylor, United States Navy, retired, died in Washington.

He was born at Newport, R. November 7, 1811, and entered the navy as a midshipman in 1S38. The Chinese Minister pave a gorgeous spread at Washington to the Cabinet and a host of high officials. A magnificent display of roses was one of tho features of the banquet. President Harrison, accompanied by Mrs.

Harrison and her guest, Miss Murphy, of Minneapolis, and Secretaries Blaine ana Windom, went down the Potomac for a day's ride on the lighthouse tender Holly. The little vessel steamed for a distance of about forty miles, and then returned to the wharf, which was readied about six o'clock. Before leaving the President received the Chicago and All Amcrica baseball clubs in the East Room. The President has appointed William P. Hepburn, of Iowa, Solicitor of the Treasury, and William H.

Whiteman, of Mexico, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Territory of New Mexico. Upon the authority of Russell Harrison, the President's son, it is stated that the White House inmates suffer from a plague of red ants. The annual session of the National Acadi emy of Sciences was begun in Washington. Foreign. The French Senate, in full regalia, sitting at Luxembourg, began the trial of General Boulanger for sedition.

Violent earthquakes were reported in Epirus, Greece. The American bark C. D. Bryant was seized by the Hawaiian Government at Honolulu for smuggling opium. Focr of the men arrested on the charge of being implicated in the derailment of President Diaz's train a few weeks ago, near Monterey.

Mexico, have been shot. The execution was earned out very quietly. Sir Charles Russell finished his speech in behalf of the Parnellitcs before the Parnell Commission. A conflict of a serious character has broken out at Demerara, South America, between the blacks and the Portuguese. The shops of the Portuguese, who are the principal tradesmen, have been sacked.

The estimated loss is more than Great distress is prevailing on the Isthmus of Panama. Editor William O'Brien has entered a libel action against Lord Salisbury, tho British Premier, for certain remarks made by the latter in a recent speech at Watford. Trrr? A xitb uiupi CK) V'L AUdbl 1U 13 lUdOliC. OUU suffers from long spells of melancholia and entertains delusions, accusing herself of the death of Crown Prince Rudolph. She is possessed with ideas of suicide, thinking to leave the Emperor free to remarry.

John Albert Bright, the candidate of the Liberal Unionists, was elected to succeed his father, the late John Bright, as representative of Birmingham in Parliament. Mr. Bright received 5610 votes, against 2560 votes for William Beale, the Gladstonian candidate. Gabriel Doiont, the late leader in the Riel rebellion in the Northwest Territory, has arrived again on the scene of the 1885 battles, and is addressing meetings of half-breeds, urging them to press grievances upon the Canadian Government. At Ruatan, Jamaica, "West Indies, the Rev.

Henry Hobson, his wife and her companion, a young girl, all natives of Jamaica, were murdered by Joseph Bures. Mr. Chancellor of the British Exchequer, laid before the House the budget for the coming financial year. It shows a deficit of $10,000,000. This Mr.

Goschen proposes to fill up by an increase of the death duties and a slight increase in the duty on beer. Cocnt Herbert Bismarck and Councilor Kranel will be German delegates to the Samoan Conference. An election was held in Rochester, England, to fill the Parliamentary seat rendered vacant by the resignation of Colonel HughesHallet. The balloting resulted in favor of Mr. Hugessen, the Gladstonian candidate.

The police of Pari? have searched the residences of General Boulanger, Count Dillon and M. Rochefort and have seized a number of papers. At Buenos Ayresthe National Government has closed the Bolsa because of disobedience to the decree issued a few days ago forbidding speculation in gold, and great was the excitement among the aggrieved brokers. Mr. Parxell has instituted a suit against the London Times for libel, claiming $500,000 damages.

PROMINENT PEOPLE, The Duchess of Cambridge is dead. The Prince of Wales wears green kids. The Queen of Greece is a clever artist. Ex-King Milan wears a steel undershirt. The Princess of Wales is forty-four years old.

1 John G. Whittier, the potC, is eighty- i four. The Queen Dowager of Bavaria is dying 1 dropsy. I The Empress of Austria suffers from in- somnia. I The Duke of "Westminster is worth Cardinal Manning's health is daily irn- proving.

1 Ex-Senator Warner Miller is worth Armour, the Chicago butcher, is wortl) i $25,000,000. Evangelist Moodt is conducting a revival in Chicago. i Senator Berry, of Missouri, began life as a plowboy. 1 General Russell A. Alger, of Detroit, is worth $5,000,000.

The freedom of Edinburgh has been ten- i dered to Mr. Pornell. Claus Spreckels, the sugar king, is rated as high as $20,000,000. Lieutenant-Governor Indiana, is conducting revival meetings in Covington, Ky. Neal Dow, the Prohibitionist, has been appointed a Commissioner for Maine to the Paris Exposition.

It is said that Mrs. Prank Leslie, of New York city, receives an offer of marriage nearly every day in the year. Allen Thorndike Rice, Minister to Rus- sia, was kidnapped at the tender age of eight years and carried off to Europe. United States Senator Stanford and i Mrs. Stanford, and Justice and Mrs.

Field will presently set out for Alaska. Tttt? TTnnnrnUlA TVillinm TTonrv Smith, FirstfLord of the Treasury, is about to be raised to the British peerage. Ex-President Cleveland caught a nino- ty-four pound tarpon in Laconhatchee Creek, in the Indian River region of Florida. Ex-Attorney-General Garland has hung out his shingle, and will spend the i est of his days in Washington practicing law. Colonel Washburn, the new Minister to Switzerland, is not only said to be the handsomest man in Massachusetts, but he is something of a poet as well.

Tue widow of General Grant will accompany her son, Colonel F. D. Grant, to when he goes there as United States Minister. General William S. Harney, the famous Indian fighter, is living at Jacksonville, and good health, although eighty-nine years old.

Misses Hattie Blaine, Florence Win- dom, Miss Miller and Miss Proctor will be i the cabinet families' contribution to the Washington debutantes next winter. One of the most successful lawyers at Atlanta, is Charles H. J. Taylor, a colored man, who began life as a bootblack. He formerly practised law in Boston.

Corporal Tanner, the new Commissioner of Pensions, entered the Union army when only seventeen years old. He lost both of his legs at the second hattie of Bull Run. PcnnT A iracosnl. i clier in the Confederate army at tiie tender age of sixteen. He lost a leg at Shiloli, and after the war became a school teacher in Carroll County, Ark.

Governor Biggs, of Delaware, owns a dozen peach farms, is heavily interested in several railroads, and is the possessor of wealth in other forms. He does not show this in his dress, however, for he wears a swallow-tail coat, low-cut vest, and wide trousers, all of the style of forty years ago, while a high white hat covers his head. THE SAMOAN DISASTER. Particulars About the Wrecking of Our Ships at Apia. Survivors Bring the Story of the Great Calamity, The steamer Alameda arrived in San Francisco bringing advices from Apia, Samoa up to March 30.

The steamer stopped at the Samoan capital and took off many of the shipwrecked sailors. Among those who came upon the Alameda were Chief Cadet Robert Stocker and Cadets Hibbs, Decker, Wells, Cloke, Sackland, Lejure, Wiley and Logan, and Dr. Corders, all of the Vandalia. Lieutenant Ripley came on the Alameda, with thirty men, but stopped off at Honolulu. The hurricane which cost so many lives at Samoa began about 2 o'clock on Saturday morning, March 1C, and lasted until Sunday at a little after 5 o'clock in the morning.

The Eber, the German vessel, was the first to be wrecked. She broke up in pieces in a few minutes, only one officer and four men being saved. Her guns, which were of great weight, probably assisted in smashing her so quickly. Shortly afterward the Adler (German) also drifted on the same reef a little further westward. She was lifted liigh and dry, and is now lying on her port side high and dry, only a few feet of her side being under water at high tide.

In all twenty men were lost from the Adler. The United States steamer Nipsic was the next on the list of casualties. It was observable from the shore that she would not be able to hold out. She was drifting toward the reef, and at about nine o'clock she for the shore and just touched the points of the reef with her rudder, which was carried away, together with her stern post, but, by the gin) 1 fill management of the captain and officers they succeeded in beaching her on the sand. Great credit is due for the manner in which the Nipsic was handled, for if she had gone on the reef a larger number of lives would undoubtedly have been lost.

As it is seven men were drowned, but all would have been saved if they had stuck to the ship. Early in the morning the Olga collided with the Nipsic, doing the latter considerable damage, carrying away her smokestack, steam launch, whaleboat and part of her bulwarks. On account of the smokestack being broken I off the furnaces would not draw to keep a full head of steam on. Excepting for this ao- cident the Nipsic, which had powerful en- gines, might have rode out the gale in safety. On Thursday morning the Nipsic was successfully floated out to her old anchorage.

Her propeller is too much injured to be repaired in Samoa, and her rudder is gone. The Vandalia was the most unfortunate vessel of the United States Squadron. She drifted, about 9 o'clock, near to the Calliope and the Olga came into collision with both. The Calliope struck her with great force on the port, doiug considerable damage. The Vandalia still continued drifting almost in company with the Calliope, but the latter vessel, caving lost nearly all her anchors, put full steam on went steadily out to sea.

The captain of the Vandalia, seeing no hope of saving liis ship, headed her for the shore, and in endeavoring to reach the sandy beach unfortunately struck the reef, and filled and sank before she could beach, within about fiftv yards from the stern of the Nipsic. The captain, paymaster, payclerk, lieutenant of maiines and many men were washed overboard. The vessel was completely submerged, and all hands had to take to the rigging, where they remained until the Trenton was driven alongside about 8 o'clock in the night, when most of the officers and crew got on the Trenton, excepting Lieutenant Ripley, who jumped into the sea just before the mast gave way, and with great difficulty swaoi to the shore. Ho then procured a whaleboat, and, with the aid of Samoans, got a line out to the wreck. The loss of life the Vandalia were the com- i mander, three officers and thirty-nine seamen I and marines.

The Trenton, meanwhile, was gradually coming closer to the land. She had her bridge ports broken in, which left an opening, and the sea came in great quantities through this opening and the hawse pipes, getting into the fires. This was unfortunately fatal to the chances of saving the Admiral's ship. The engineers were unable to keep up steam. All hands were ordered to the pumps, which were kept constantly going all day.

About 3 o'clock the Trenton drifted down toward the Olga, which vessel was then about 500 yards from the reef. Both ships tried to avoid touching, but a collison was inevitable. The Dlga's bow struck the Trenton on the quarter, opening a large breach and doing other 3 am age, and the Olga's bow was smashed. After the vessels cleared each other the Trenton drifted still further toward the reef, ind one time held fairly well to her anchors; but at about o'clock she Iropped down just clear of the reef and on to the Vandalia. The Trenton's stern was aground.

She was broadside on to the sunken vessel, anil the poor fellows tvho had been on the Vandalia's yard about twelve hours got on to the Trenton, being by the Admiral's crew with lines and other contrivances. On Sunday morning boats were busily engaged all day in removing the men from the ship to the shore, which was accomplished I without accident. All were removed before night. On Monday 250 Samoans fromMataafa's camp and the men-of-vAir sailors were working hard all saving property from the Trenton, and several Samoans and sailors were also engaged working on the other ships ashore. No lives were lost.

The Trenton is a total wreck. One of the men was killed early in the mominir of Saturdav by beins crushed uuong the "timber after "the" collision. His name was Joseph Hewlett, a colored man. Th? Olga, after slipping her cables aucl getting clear of the Trentou, managed to make headway against the sea for a short time, and hopes were entertained that this vessel, the last left afloat in the harbor, would be saved, but within half an hour she run into one of the best positions Tor "Beaching in the harbor. The Nipsic is fitted up with the Vandalia's funnel.

Her rudder ana steru post are gone, propeller bent and twisted. The Trenton is hard and fast on the reef. Her bottom is full of holes and filled with water up to her guu deck. The crews have been working ten hours daily trying to save some of the rigging and personal effects and stores. The Vandalia is totally lost.

Nothing can be saved from her. Nearly every day since the wrecks of the German and American vessels bodies of the drowned are being washed up, greatly decomposed and unrecognizable. Only forty of our dead sailors' bodies have been found off Apia. Some of our -1 flAttrinn UUIUC1S illiu 1UOU (IIU-JMVU www luitu memorial service, but not a German was present at the American services. Admiral Kimberly shows that the Trenton could not have been saved, because the badly constructed hawse-holes allowed water to pour in and flood the engine-room, putting out the fires.

He says the Trenton had an steam ou, but that her engines were not pow- erful euough to save her. On the Tuesday following the disaster divers I recovered the safe of the Vandalia, which contained A rumor is current in Apia that the Admiral and Consuls are endeavoring to arrange matters between Mataafa and Tarnasese. so as to induce them to return to their homes until after the Samoan conference. There were some disgraceful scenes at Apia, it appears, after the terrible disaster in tho harbor on 10. Some of the men rescued from the Ameri- I can and German war-vessels got drunk, and there was a good 'leal of feeling against the Gorman sailors on the part of our men.

C'aptnin Fritz, the senior German ofticer. when asked to help to restore order, begged to be excused, saying no was airaia rue Americans would attack the German sailors. He further requested that tho American officers should take full charge. This was done, and the American sailors were not allowed to approach the lower part of the town, where tho Germans had their headquarters. The next great question was how to get lie news of the disaster to America and Europe.

Frank "Wilson was sent to Futuila Island, where ho boarded the steamer Mariposa for Auckland, from whence he telegraphed the news. The Calliope took on coal, and Thursday, March after firing thirten guns as a salute to Admiral Kiniberly, sailed for Sydney. Order was generally restored in a few days. A large force of Samoaus succeeded in hauling off the Nipsic. The Trenton's sailors are temporarily quartered in tents in the middle of the town.

The Van dalia's men are quartered near the American Consulate. The survivors of the Gorman vessels are quartered in the German Trading Company's warehouse. Most of the merchant vessels in the harbor at the time of the storm belonged to the German Tradiug Company. Admiral Kimberly, commanding the American fleet, was the last to leave the Trenton, his flag-ship. He said he considered faulty construction of the Trenton's hawse-pipes as indirectly the cause of her wreck.

Within a few days of the storm a condition of things resembling order had been brought about. The marines arid Mataafa'6 ponce had been actively at work in this direction. The Germans and Americans held memorial services at different dates for the dead. At tho German service Admiral Kimberly and other American officers attended. VIUJ UWVUV IU Ut IUC UlAUCS LUX I been recovered.

Some of these were badly mutilated. It was difficult to identify them, or even to tell the nationality, and it was finally determined to bury all at one spot together. A body, thought to be that of Captain Schoonmaker, was found up the coast some miles distant from the immediate scene of the disaster. LATER NEWS, Thomas F. Scaxlan, a piano manufacturer of Boston and Roxbury, has failed for 8200,000.

The ferryboat 2few Brunswick, which plied between New York city and the Pennsylvania station in Jersey City, was burned to the water's edge, causing a loss of William T. Meekin, aged nine, died at Fall River, of hydrophobia. He was bitten on March 17, and the wound was allowed to heal without being cauterized. General Samuel Kennedy Dawson, Cnited States Army, retired, died at Orange, N. aged sixty.

He was born in Pennsyl. vania, and graduated at "West Point in 1849. James Fields was fatally shot by his wife at Butler, Penn. Mrs. Fields was reading a book and her husband ordered her to come to bed.

-She refused, he struck her and the shooting followed. Before dying Fields exonorated his wife, saying she had shot in self-defense. When Mrs. Fields appeared at t.lio pnrnndr'c l'nnnocf fono tx'oe mocViorl most beyond recognition. The Standard Oil Company lias purchased a controling interest in the Ohio Oil Comp'any, thus coming into possession of the Lima oil fields.

It is estimated that twenty-five lives were lost during the recent prairie fires in Dakota. The United States Pension Agent, Badger, of Columbus, Ohio, has just made the payment of the largest voucher ever paid to a private soldier. Philip Flood, of Elyria, is the beneficiary. He is to be paid at the rate of SS per month from Nov. 14, 1S62; 825 per month from July 4, 1864; $31.25 from June 4, 1872; 850 per month from June 872 per month from June 17, 1878, making o.

total of 814,960. From this time on he will be paid $72 per month. The National Academy of Science held a meeting at Washington and the following officers were elected: President, 0. C. Marsh, of New Haven, re-elected President for a term of six years, and Professor F.

P. Langley, of the Smithsonian Institution, Vice-President for a similar term. stterrrrsxdext Bell, of the Foreign Mails Office, has received a communication from the postal authorities of Germany recommending the establishment of "sea post offices'' for the distribution of German-Ameri can mails on shipboard. Red Cloud, the big Sioux Indian Chief, called on the President accompanied by Agent Jordan, of the Rosebud Agency. From one hundred to one hundred and fifty fourth-class postmasters are now being appointed daily.

The President made the following appointments: Robert P. Porter, of New York, editor of the Press, to be Superintendent of Census: J. W. Cunningham to be Assayer of the United States Assay Office, at Boise City, Idaho; William H. Calkins, of Washington Territory, to be Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Washington Territory; JohnB.

Donnelly to be Marshal of the United States for the Easteru District of Louisiana, and exrCongressmaa Edward S. Lacy, of Michigan, Comptroller of the Currency. Cholera is epidemic in the Phillippine Islands. One thousand five hundred cases are reported, of which 1003 have proved fatal. Ax explosion occurred in a colliery belong ing to tne Kotuscmms at ueioiau, -Ausw-ie.

i Five men were killed, two dangerously in- jured and six missing. THE NATIONAL GAME. Mike Kelly will captain Boston. The Texas League has opened its season All the pitchers have new curves this season. of Philapelphia, is a failure on first base.

Foutz has been elected captain of the Brooklyn team. Seve.v of Hartford (Conn's.) players are left-handed batsmen. Morrill, late of Boston, has signed to play with Washington. Judge Noon-ax, who was elected Mayor of St. Louis, is a baseball crank.

Bond, the old-time pitcher, is official umpire for the Intercollegiate Association. The Atlanta (Ga.) Club is negotiating with Monk C'line. who is wanted as captain-man- ager. Princeton" has thus far made the best showing of the college teams against pro- fessional clubs. Crane.

the New York pitcher, was sun- struck while crossing the equator with the Spaiiling tourists. O'Brien and of the about the best outfield in the American Association. Manager Phillips, of the Pittsburg League team, thinks the Cincinnatis will capture the Association pennant. The St. Louis Club and the players who have been holding out for an increase of i wages have to an agreement.

Tiie rate offered the Southern League by the railroads is two cents a mile. The differ- eut teams will travel about 10.OU0 miles i during the season. George Woods fine playing on the trip around the world will probably cause the Philadelphia management to put hhn on the team permanently. Auckland, New Zealand, offers $100 a month, and all expenses, for some good American ball-players to go there and teach the natives how to" play baseball. Von der Ahe.

of St. Louis, has more luck beginners than any other manager in the business. His test find," Pitcher Free- I nan. promises to mr- ce a record. Amks.

of Princeton College, is undoubtedly H.i liinct wr.n- i lerful he of any pitcher in the busi- iK-ss. whether amateur or professional. The leather used in covering baseballs is fanned at Covington. Kv. The popular ini.

pression prevails that baseballs are covered with either horse hide or pig skin, whereas sheep skin is the cover most used. Honest John Morrill, of "Washington, is one of the live players still in the League I who were with the organization when it first started. The others are Hines. of Indian- i opclic; O'Rourke, of the Xew Yorks; Anson, of Chicago, and White, now assigned to Pitts- i burg. Recently a 1 -ig six-footer strolled up to the ball grounds while the Baltimore boys were at play.

He put on a suit and went in to pitch. He placed the ball in every conceivable position, and his curves and in and out shoots were remarkable. His name is George Goetz. Manager Barnie will give him a trial. WASHINGTON TOPICS.

News Notes and Gossip From the National Capital. Amusing Scenes at a Dinner Given by the Chinese Minister, The clinner given by the Chinese Minister was in the nature of a compliment to the new Administration. The Chinese Minister gave his arm to Secretary Blaine, and him to his seat at the table, which was directly opposite that of the Minister, each sitting at the centre of one of the long sides of thB table. The Chinese Minister sat Justices Miller and and Secretary Blaine sat between Justices Bradley and Harlan. The dinner was thoroughly Occidental, so much so that the two Mohammedans representing Turkey and Persia, did full justice to the wine course, and the Turkish Minister departed so widely from his national usage as to appear without his fez.

The Persian iiinister enjoyed himself immensely, and afforded much entertainment to the rest of the company. Most of the scintillations of the evening came from Observing that two guests neglected their snipe in order to carry on their conversation, ana that a servant was waitiue to take the plates away, he said facetiously: "You not eat the bud, the bird fly away." He insisted on talking English, although he knows French perfectly, and his neighbors understood French. He said in explaining his preference: "I am American. I have beautiful am. very beautiful girl: slie tcach me English long time.

I speak English very good." In addition to this he explained that he understood English because be had been in' England. He was asked how long he was there, and said eight hours. "Plenty, tOb much," he added. At the close of the dinner he said to an' American guest, who had been laughing and talking all the way through the dinner not American. American have long face, sit up straight, say uothing like them," pointing to a group of Senators and Cabinet officers, who had eaten their way steadily through their meuu without looking to the right or to the left or exchanging a word with in some cases because their neighbors sposei no English.

After dinner in the smoking room the Ministers from China, Japan and Corea, who cannot understand each other's spoken guage, carried on a three-cornered conversed tion with pens and paper, for their writteo language is identical. Presidential Postmasters. The President late in the afternoon appointed thirty-six Presidential postmasters. Thirty were to (111 vacancies caused by resignations or terms expiring, and were to fill vacancies caused by removals. Among the appointees are the following: In James Sexton; Mantoon, Thomas A.

"Weaver; Peoria, Alexander Stone; Danville, W. A. R. Jewell. J.

P. Scliner. Fred Lewis; Baxter Springs, William Argentine, D. G. Bliss; Lawrence, E.

F. Goodnck. Liberty, Jonathan Maxon-Shenandoah, T. N. Pace.

William C. Torrence; Oscelo MffljL David Hamilton; Dunmore, Miss Bridget Mooney. Banks' Reserve Agents. The Comptroller of the Currency has approved the selection of the United StatedNational Bank of New York as reserve agent for the Third National of Syracuse; the selection of the Third National of New York for the First National of South Amboy, N. and for the First National of Harrisbtinj, the Ninth National of New York for the First National of Canton, the HanoVer of New York for the Central National of Philadelphia; the National Bank of New York for the First National of Sheffield, the First National of Fargo, Dakota, and the First National of Lampasas.

Texas, also the Chace National Bank as reserve agent for the Third National of Detroit and the First National of Minot, Dakota; the Hanover National of Moscow, Idaho, and the National Bank of the Rejrab lie tor roe ireopie rtauomu 01 ravia. juur sas. A Decision by Windom. In response to letter received from J. 0.

Hague. New York, Secretary Windom has decided that machinery belonging to foreign, manufacturers, who desired to transport entire plant to the IJnited States, could not be allowed to enter free of duty, and that the transportation of workmen to come over with tliejolnnt would be a violation at the Contract Labor law. Emancipation Day. The colored people celebrated their emancipation in Washington with a large parade, military, civic and trades. The President, Secretaires "Windom, Noble, Proctor and Rusk, Postmaster-General Wanamakerand Attorney-General Miller reviewed the parade from the portico of the "White House.

Public meetings were held and addressed by Rev. W. D. Derrick, of New York, and Hon. Frederick THE FATTEST WOMAN DEADDeath of Hannah Battersby, the Freak Weighing 800 Ponnds.

Mrs. Hannah Battersby, said to be tht largest woman in the world, died a few dayj ago at her home in Frankford, a suburb 01 Philadelphia. She had been ailing ior sey-a eral weeks. Mrs. Battersby was born ua Vermont in 1842.

and was of normal size uj)M til her twelfth year. I Then she began to develop, and at sevezlfl teen years of she weighed 500 She married John Battersby, who with her, exhibiting himself "as the greatest? living skeleton." Mrs. Battersby, at thtfl time of her marriage, weighed 638 pounds? and of late years 1 er managers have claimeoM that she weighed SoO pounds. 9 THE 3IAEKETS. 16 XEW YOKE.

Beeves 3 95 5 10 I Milch Cows. com. to .25 00 00 Calves, common to 4 00 (g 0 30 Sheep 3 30 6 50 Lambs 3 50 5 25 5 00 5 40 Dressed 5 7l Mill Extra 4 45 4 65 Patents 5 10 6 50 2 Red 88 58 (g 60 85 90 Mixed 41 44 1 White 39 Mixed Western 80 33 1 80 95 Rye 70 75 Steam 6.75cH Daily, fair to good. 20 24 West. Im.

Creamery 17 23 Factorv 10 20 Factory I13H 5 Hj "Western 9 10JH and Peim 12 12)H Bl'KFALO. 2 SO 4 to 3 25 4 75 Good 5 25 Ot 6 00 HI to Choice Yorlcs 5 00 5 05 5 00 (ft 5 '25 Northern if. Yellow ft 2. White 32 1 Canada 70 72H eosto.V. Wheat 40 Yellow; Oats-No.

2 White 32 40V 05 70 (MASS.) CATTI.E MARKET. weight 4 weight 5Lambs 4 6JH PHILADELPHIA. family 4 50 75 fl 2, Red, yi 93 2, Mired, 42 White Rose 23 38 27 skims gl.

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