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The Weekly Standard from Raleigh, North Carolina • Page 2

Raleigh, North Carolina
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for expending 1 iiivnkft attention to the neoaie lusl cteU oa-the loss of the fortification It IS lOSt! AtlU HtJio stettott All parties have been ash-' and m.ght be in.eres.- ocB-Hviu. ah tai-c fLiTF, Mmm scpncp nnw ns He novelists iJl, and of the three miii'orw, ai we their hands of the merits ot tnose loss es! and shall any of us, in the same in araht, go on to frustrate the present appropriations; or to make- them inoperative for H' I III III I II iu- ic riot obUffed 10 be expended within the year; may oe expended in the commencement ot llie next year, and thus enable the year operations to commence, and especially in the south the appropriations can be got hroiigh congress. The sixth objection which Mr. fJ wculd mention, and the one perhaps which was progenitor to all the rest, was the very palpable, assumption that the application fso much money to the defence of the crimntry, would be fatal to the schemes of distributing the and the pJSfteetls of the public rands, among the states, and the people This objection, he acknowledged, was well founded. The defence of the country, and the distribution of the public money, were antagonis: tieal objects, and'the success of either was ratal to the other It would take more, SVplus than ever would be found in the treasury, to defend" the country.

The military arm alone would require more than as mifrli morej The objects, then, being an-frcnistical and Incompatible ivitb each, hther, must come before the senate, and go Wore the country' vtpos the respective merits and demerits of each the defensi vo sc'hetne resting upon a constitutional obli gration--upop a onsideration of national independence upon the sense et national interest and upon the sanctioned system of '40 years decision; and the distributive scheme resting upon the seductions of pro-fpred pelf without- warrant in the constitution unknown to our history -oppres aive to the new states demoralising to t(W old ones corrupting in its tendencies, find bringing the element of the public Tjroperty to enter into the canvass for the PesidfiitiaJ office. Upon these intrinsic and overruling considerations, Mr. B. would rely for the decision of the senate; fiad tsflhe eonatEK. between-the two objects.

Ha would not descend from the iilh level of such elevated considerations ta the low comparison of sordid and pecuniary inducements. He could not insult his countrymen by referring to them the seductions of a sordid money scheme on one hand, and the enlightened obligations duty and patriotism on the other. If he could do so, and could present the two dchemes in a mere trafficking, and loss point of view, the "one divested of its patriotic attractions, the other stript. Of its moral deformities, it would be easy that there would be more money among the people by defending thin" p-country, than by pillaging it in it to be pillaged by foreign enemies afterwards. For such is the extent and variety of the means and: objects to.

be combined in a great and du Table system of national defence, tha eve- f.part.. of the Union would received-its share in thehrst disburseinents and in the; Annual expenditures thereafter. Forts, riaVies, navy yards, and dock yards, on tbttasts: armories, arsenals, of arms an4 munitions in the interior troops on the western frontier and annual supplies from the. interior, for all the establishments on the vast circumference f. the Union such would be the sources of expenditure.

The first out and the perennial expenditure for all these objects would be great and if the system of defence required for the cou-ntry he now adopted, many great ob-jec6. heretofore planned must go into effect a grand naval national arsenal at 2urveti's bay in Virginia, as the military navarboard oi 1821 a pS'vy yard at Charleston, South Carolina, flpd another at Pensaeola with a fort Si naval station at Key West, to corn-Sand the Gulf of Mexico, to make that what the Mediterranean sea was to the'-Romans mare nostrum, our sea, be longing as it ought, to the masters of the Mississippi, and considered and treated as the Outlet and estuary of the King of floods, iff' Such great establishments, and the numerous others indicated by the hand of de-tfinee the. people would find moneyed reasons fot pretering the defence of their its pillage 5- but 1 do hot present such reasons; I resume my position; but I de(eto their iptelligence, and to their pa triotism, and rest the choice between the and the distributive schemes, p-olioli tJdftyf and hdly considerations htc. recommend bno and condemn the! 'Tinafly, and by way of concluding his notice of the objections to fortifications, he 1fee navy yards (excepting that of Charles town, near Bosion) have all been unproperly placet! the conveniences Tor the erection of the neces-9t ry having' alone been taken into OOnsttleration, while all ihe oiber requisites for potnts so impanant, such as security against at tackby seaand land, facility for receivingall kinds o-l' building materials in time of war as well as in time of peace, vipinity to a place of rendezvous, luyfre been overlooked. A defensive system for the frontiers of the V-.

States is thevefore yel to be created. Its basis ae; a navy 2, fortifications 3, regular troops and well organised militia 4, interior communication by land apd water. These means must alt beTcombincd, iofs to form a complete system. The navy mpst, in the first place, be provided -with proper establishments lor construction and repair, barbers of rendezvous, stations, and pom of refuge. is only by taking into view the general as well as the details of the whole frontier, that we cah fix on the most ad-Ta-ntageous pvnts for receiving these naval depots, harbors of rendezvous.

staMuns, and ports of refuge. Qa these, considerations, Burwell's Bay in Jimes rirer, and Cbarlestown, near Boston, have been especially recommended by the commission as the most proper sites for the great naval -ar-atoxils of the south and of the north; Hampton r6srU and Bosion roads as the chief rendezvous and Nrrsganset bay as an indispensable a-Ces'. thtHUfrin, Hd Naval Board. Gen jfWW? 4 Cum. Elliot).

1 1 nri ona-which he had Xvould -brag llllnt 3 ah'nnl bwjwv sneaker, tut which he hndfoUndm the reports of one of the French engineers employed by Priffi-nt Washington, in 1784. It was rail it; and to show what kind of objectors there were to fortifications frtrty years ago, although the race may oe now tinct, and the reference may remain without application. thVinght said this iogerio soldier, "that in a small community, where public -eare oupm be thecbtef aim of every individual, ne jealousy, no parties-could- be found- I do not itunk, however, exists, any else, such rioNculous divisions a here. There is a large nuraber of.disa6fied men who object altogether Uolbitificaiions, from the same principc which they object to every measure y. ment: Some would jrather bush fight as they call it, in caseof a war and the fact is, I fancy tbey had rather not fight-at all.

I drop this disagreeable subject the only thing is io be deaf, and do what the safety of the country requires. (letter orRhardi io. Gen. Kitox Sccntarij at war, July 28th, 17940- Next, as. to the advantages of lortinca- 1 On this head Mr.

B. would be brief, re ferring the Senate for a fell understanding pf.the subject to the masterly reports of the Board of Engineers for 1821, and 1826, and confining what he should say chiefly to statements atiy1 reflections resulting from those I 1. Foitications close up all important lets to ports and harbors against ene-mies thev.ffi-.-e securitVr confidence and tranquility in time of war to the cities and coasts covered bvthem the truth of which to yflmnlifipd in the ornosite coast of France and great Britain, where the coast inhabitants and cities, are as tranquil in the pnrsdit of their business in time of war between these countries as in time of peace. 2. They give security and protection to the commercial and naval marine asships of war.

or of commerce, pursued hy an fly. to them for refuge, and lie in safety under the guns of a fort, or within a harbor defended by it. We have a vast commercial marine to which we owe we have determined on the creation of a navy and, for the preservation of both, we" must hai fortified harbors for their refuge and protection. 3. Forts are often necessary at points where there are not cities to defend, as at positions which an enemy might occupy in time of wary and from which he could assail, annoy, devastate, or alarm the neighboring country.

Our extended coast presents many positions 6f this kind, and which we must occupy to prevent an enemy irom establishing himself upon them. 4. Forts are necessary on the lines of interior navigation, to keep open the communications in time of. war. Tho Debouches of canals, ihe passages through sounds, bays, and straits, ana between islands and the main land, are examples ol this and of which many instances may be found- on the maritime and gulf frontier of the United States.

5. Fotts are indispensable- lb the pro-lection lofmavy yards, dock yards, and naval arsenals, The nature of these establishments require them to be from sea; and unless protected by forts, they may be invaded, plundered, and burnt, by an enemy This happened once in "England, when the Dutch penetrated the Thames, and destroyed the naval estab lishments at Chatham. 6. Ports are the cheapest mode of de cheapest in money, cheapest in the number of men to defend them, and cheap est iti the number of lives lost. They are cheapest in money, because when once built of the, proper and durable material earth and -stone, they are built forever, and in the course of centuries require but little for repair or reconstruction Thcv are cheapest in men, because a few can defend a fortified position against a great number and thus abstract a smaller proportion of the population from peaceful pursuits.

They are cheapest in.Jbloud spilt, or in lives lost, either of men killed in battle, or dying of diseases from camp ind field exposure. Behind the defences of a fort, sheltered frcrm the weather, amply provided with every essential to health, the tr.cops in a fort suffer far less, in proportion to their numbers, than those in the field or the camp. In exemplification of these, ideas, Mr. B. would refer to the calculations made by the Board of Engineers, to show the difference of expense in men and money, in defending a given numbed of Qiir cities, for a given time, with and without the cover of fortifications.

They took Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and New Or-leariB, trtrd' "based their calculation of a pampaig'rjF six months against a an enemy's srjuadron. Without forts, the number of men required for the protection of tn'ese cities, not know-tng --which was to be attacked, and bound to be provided at each city, the agsrreo-are number would be 77,000 to meet scent of a or a fifth of that number at any one point the expense of which for sixOTonihs, would be nineteen millions of dollars. To defend the" same cities with forts, would require an aggregate of no more than 1 men, and an expense of six and a half millions of dollars making a difference oi 50,060 men, anu twelve and a half millions of dollars. Thus in a brief war of two or three years, the whole cost of the fortifications for the whole coast of the United States, op the largest scale projected, would be complete-ly saved. 7.

The efficiency of the defence, is another of the advantages of fortifications the seabeard. That efficiency ou a land frontier, has been a problem amono-railitary men, and opinions have divided upon it but uo such problem has ever existed in relation to the defences; on that point opinions hav.e never divided and throughout the world, in all ages, and in all countries, the defence of the coast, by fortifications, is the only safe reliance against approaches which may be made without which ma threaten. dozens of thousands of" miles of at the same time-which ro-y stand const at the same time w-nicn nwy stant. off and on hover arounddistract am. scattertlie troops collected at any one pomi wear out ah army by marches and coun ter marches, and eventually strike where least expected, or least prepared to resist, 8.

But the great and crowning advan tage of fortifications is tlieir peculiar adap-otirt it. defence bv militia, bv volunteers, and by the yeomanry of- the country, and theiT consequent dispensation oi jurgu uu-dies of regular troops bolh in. war -and in peace. Forts are the peculiar defence of the militia. A fiw and the militia of the adjacent country, are the proper defenders of forts.

To these points, on the first signal of da ger, the yeomanry of a free country will forever flock. They will fly to the forts with alncrity and con-fidence and will make brilliant and glorious defences, placed in positions, and sheltered by works, even indifferent, the yeomanry of the United States have always performed' prodigies of valor. Even jn temporary field works, and the niorest a-pologies for forts, they have rivalled and trhnscended the exploits of veterans. Our history is too full of examples of this character, to admit of naming any without seeming to neglect others, but I must rer fer to a few to the green-log pen at Chales-ton, called fort Moultrie, and the post-and rail fences piledupon-eacli-other at Bun ker's HilK Ihe war of tne revolution .1 ,1 11 Ast I t- ii 'otrk1 stages stuck in the ground for a fort, at '1)1(1 trip niUU Wall U.L XV vi iwuho, uuuujc Sanduskv in the late war to remind tbeivance division of Gen. San Anna, consist- Senate of what a yeomanry, and a few crulars can do, placed in positions and cover-the ed hv defences.

Mr. B. concluded his speech with expa- the Texians. About the snme time Col. tinting on he extent and variety of the de-Johnson, with a party of 70 men while fences required for the United Slates, and reconnoitering the-westward of San Patri-the wisdom, propriety and necessity of de- mo, was surrounded in the night by a dicating our present surplus money, andJarge body ot Mexican in the mor our present leisure time, io iue cieuiiun ui these defences.

Ships, navy yards, dock yards two great national naval arsenals, construction and repair fofts, armories arsenals, depots of arms and munitions of war arms and field artillery for the militia swords and pistols for the cavalry of i 1- the States: an increase of the army for the western and north-western, and he migh'tjupon them by the whole Mexican force. add. for the southern and south-western frontier also; such was the vastness of the system, and the multitude of its cbjects, a i which the defence oi tne country required. The expense of all these works he had not calculated butlhe Senate had adopt ed a resolution to ascertain that ex pense, and the answer would come in as soon as the Nav) and War Departments could prepare it. Of the rpilitary branch alone he would venture to give an opinion and would say the estimates for that branch alone, must exceed forty millions of dol lars.

Of all the branches of this system of national defence he had discussed but one and not the whole of that he had spoken of forts alone, but of the forts on the maritime and 'gulf without mentioning, though certainly not without romembcriiiff that we. had an extended line Ol lake UUilUfl, wdsuru uy miaiiu ec(r, and bordered by a foreign power. lie had spoken of fortifications aloqe; but it was not to be dissembled, or denied, that the whole system of defence, naval and military wis now upon trial. The bill for the 19 new forts is the touch stone of tht? whole question. If that passes, then the whole system moves forward if it is rejected, the whole system halts, for forts are the indispensable part of the whole system they are its back bone, without which all the rest become vain and inefficient, and ships themselves are idle preparation.

For what are ships without ports'of refuge? What are harbors and break waters without defence What are dock and navy yards, withont forts to cover them Nothing but prizes, spoil and prey for the public e. emies. But Mr. B. repeated the fate of this bill, is the fate of the whole system of defence, and of the antagonist schemes for the distribution of the public money.

If the bill become a law, the defence goes on, and all the surpluses of revenue will go to that object; if the bill fails, the defences will halt and linger, and the distribution bills will spring upon the stage, and will labor to scatter and squander that money which a defenceless country calls for in vain. I conclude, said Mr. B. with remarking that tho present is to be an era in the history of our country. It is a period from which there must be a new movement or a sad retrogression.

It is a point upon Avhicji posterity will look back (or ages and for centuries, to applaud the wisdom, or to deplore the weakness of the national councils. The Navy and the. War Departments will report soon, and will develope all the points of- nation al and permanent defence, which the extent of our country demands, and the. destiny of the republic requires. President Jackson has given us his earnest, his zealous, his reiterated recommendations all depends now upon the legislative department, and upon the decision of the question whether the public money shall go to the public defence, or shalfbe lavished and squandered in unconstitutional and demoralizing distributions araono- the States? WesScord the Star of empire takes its wmi iand speculators, says the New Orleans Bee, are so numerous among our citizens at the present period, that we would seriously recommend some of them to make purchases of land in the vicinity of the California gulf as it is not improbable ihat a railroad may in a few years be projected from Alexandria on the Red river towards Nacogdoches in Texas: thence through an accessible gorge in the Kocky mountains, and onwards to the gulf of Californiain order to ernbrace the trade tv uina.

ami the Kast hr Q. II acific ocean, rather than denend nn ihe projected route across the isthmus of Panama, America would then he m. a match for England, even with her steamboat navigation in the Red sea, or Eu-phraus IMPORTANT FROM AFTAHl The New Orleans Commercial Bulletin, of utt. contains -the following heart-rending intelTigcnce from Texas. Fail of Bexar death of TramiSj Bowie.

Crocket and other Americans command of Santa Anna in person Texas converted into a military Camp. The following important documents were placed in our hands by a gentleman just arrived from Texas. The news is melan-rholly indeed, and here is opened another field of action for the noble hearts now returning triumphant, and covered with laurels won on the banks of the Withlocoochy, against foes less savage, perhaps, than Santa Anna's merciless Mexican bands, Our informant met tho express bearing the news we give, and from him procured copies to be published for the information of the people on this side of the Sabine, whose relations and friends, kinand countrymen, are now the victims of Mexican barbarity. Col. Bowie, it is said, shot TLthf No- bly fought 'dearly i hey sold their lives, but none escaped of the whole garrison of San Antonio.

IMPORTANT FROM TEXAS. We learn by the Passengers of the schr Cumanche, 8 days from Texas, that War. hfiB asfumed a serious cnaractcr On the 25 February the Texian Garrison I (A nr nn rv nr ir XT Tint jColonef rB. Travis was attacked by the ad- lit jm jv v.utuuiuuwv re-jingof 2000 men, who were repulsed with ioss of many killed, between 500 to 800 men, without the loss of one man of ning, tne demand ot a surrender was made by the Mexican commander uncon ditionally, which was refused, but an offer of surrender was made as prisoners of war, which was acceded to by he Mexicans -but no sooner had the Texians marched out of their quarters and stacked their arms, than a general fire was opened l'he Texians attempted to escape but only three of them succeeded, one of whom was" Col. Johnson.

Between the 25th February and 2nd of March the Mexicans were employed in forming entrenchments around the Alamo and bombarding the on the 2nd March Col. Travis wrote that 200 shells had been thrown into the Alamo without injuring a man. On the 1st March the Garrison of Alamo received a reinforcement of 32 Texians from Ganzales having- forced their way through the enemies lines. making the number in the Alamo consisting of 180 men. On the 6th March about midnight, the Alamo was assaulted by the whole Mexi can army commanded by Santa Anna in person.

1 he battle was desperate until dav'iht when 7 men belonging to the Texian garrison wore found amrf who called for quarter, but were told that there was none for them. They then continued fighting until the whole were butchered. One womnn (Mrs. Dickinson) and a negro of Colonel Travis, were the only persons whose lives were spared. We regret to say that Col.

David Crocket, his companion, Mr. Benton, and Col Bonham of Carolina were among the number slain. Col. Bowie was murdered in. his bed, sick and halpless.

They told the negro servant of Colonel Travis, to point out the body of his master, he did so, when Cos drew his sword and mang led the face and limbs with the malignant feelings of a Cumanche savage. The bodies of the slain were thrown into a heap in the centre of ihe Alamo and burn ed. 1 he loss of the Mexicans in storming the place was not less than one thousand killed and mortally wounded, and as many wounded -making with their loss in the, first assault, between two and three thousand men. The flag used by the Mexicans was a blood-red one in place of the constitutional flag. Immediately after the capture Gen Snnta Anna sent Mrs.

Dickinson and the servant to Gen Houston's camp, accompanied by a Mexican with a flag, who was the bearer of a note from Gen. Santa Anna, offering the Texi-nns peace, and a general amnesty if they would lay down their arms and submit to his government. Gen Houston's reply was "True, sir, you have succeeded in killing some of our brave men, but the Texians are not yet conquered." The effect of the fall of Bexnr throughout Texas was electrical every man who cpuld use a rifle, and was in a condition to take the field marched forthwith to the sea? of war. It is believed that not leas than 4000 riflemen were on their wav to the army when the Cumanche, sailed, deter- mined to wreak their venn-eance on the Mexicans. i General Houston had burnt Gonsales and fallen back on the Colorado, with about 1000 men Col.

Fanning was in the fort at Goliad, a very strong position, well supplied with munitions and provisions Avith from 4 to 500 men. The general determination of the people of Texas is to abandon all their occupations, and pursuits of peace, find contin ue in arms until every Mexican East of mertio aei iNorte shall be exterminated. The following Proclamation of General Houston, Commander in Chief of the Texian forces, will furnish the reader with some idea of the critical stale oi the Colonists. ARMY ORDERS. Convention Hall, 2, 1830.

War is raging on ihe frontiers. Bejar is besieged by two thousand of the enemy, under the command of General Stezm-. Reinforcements are on their march to unite with the besieging Army. By the last report, our force in Bejar was only 150 men strong. citizens of Texas must rally to theaidof oirirnrmv.

or it will ner. un, Uih Citizens of )hc East Vo. the combat. The enemy mtfe-dTiv-en from our soil, ordesolaMpn will accompany their march upon us. Mepertdtnce if declared, it must Wmaihtad.

mediate action, Jinited with yalbf, loriean achieve the great "worje. all are forthwith required in thjieW; AM MUCJISIIN, CommandeHtt chief of the Army. S. It is rumored thart the eiremy are on their to Gonzales, and thaFthey have entered the colonies. The country must and shall be defrnJed.

The patriots of Texas a re appealed to, in behalf of their bleeding country. S. H. Mexican barbarity. -It is stated in the Opelousa Gazette, that Sunta Anna has six or seven thousand men under command in Texas a part of whom have been pressed into the service and brought on to Texas in chains.

As nn inducement to his soldiers to fight, he has offered them the women of Texas for the most horrible purposes, and promised that the plunder shall be distributed among them. Me has declared his intention to carry the children mto the interior of Mexico there to vegener ate thrm, and to butcher indiscriminately all the men that may be found within the limits of Texas. FOREIGN" i 14 WS. London and Liverpool papers to the 26th of February have been received at New York, furnishing the following. interesting news items: t- There had been an imnrotemefit in the Cotton market, and the winter had been (uncommonly severe and boisterous in En 'gland.

Many vessels bad been lost on the coast during the recent tremendous cm I fx? 6 There is nothing of interest from Spain. The French ministerial arrangements have been concluded, and are ps loliows M. Thiers, President of tho Council and Minister of Foreign Affairs; Count Mon-taiivet, Minister of the Interior: M. Sau-zet, Minister of Justice and Keeper of Seals; M. Passy, Minister of Commerce, and M.

Pelet de la Loxere, Minister of Public Instruction Marshal Maison, Admiral Du-perre and ''Count d'Argont remain Ministers of War, Marine and Finance. On the above the London Courier of the 24th remarks: 44 The three latter of the newly appointed ministers wrere Vice Presidents, of the Chamber, so that the ministry may be said to have changed and reformed entirely, in obedience to the ma jority of the Chamber." The trial Fieschi and his accompli ces has terminated. He, Morey and Pe- i i pin, were condemned to death, and were executed on the 18th. An English paper remarks, ,4 it came out in the course ol the trial of Fieschi, that he had been condemned to ren years' solitary confinement, as aforger and sharp er mis discovery greatly disconcerted the ruffian, who wished to ass for a sublime and national criminal." The London Mercantile Journal of the 23d ult. remarks At Pau3 insurances on French merchandise in American bot- t0ms are made HJfc "0f sea or at 2 per cerifii aiflSr ail war.

The war premium against capture or seizure is 1 per cent." Bricklayers and carpenters are now emigrating from England to New York, in consequence of the demand created for them by the late extensive conflagration in that cit'. Accounts from Vienna of tho 10th Fek state that the ice in the Danube had broken up without accident, and the danger is now past. The spirit of speculation in rail road stock, in England, amounts to a perfect mania. Some of the stocks are held at 20 per cent, premium. Considerable interest seems to be excited in England by the Russian encroachments upon the Turkish empire and upon Poland.

A motion was made in the House of i ommons, by Lord Dudley Stuart, for an address to the crown asking for a copy of the treaties of 1833 and 1834 between the Czar and the Sultan, also the correspondence with the government of Russia relating to the remonstrances made by England against the conduct pursued by Russia towards Poland- The motion so far as is related to the treaty of 1833, was agreed to; the rest was negatived. Advices from Constantinople are to the 27th of January. The Sultan was disarming his ships of war, and appearances were more pacific than they had been. The pacha of Egypt was about hrfe-move the commercial restrictions to Syria, of which the English Government hud complained. The mother of Napoleon Bonaparte died at Rome22d February.

Talleyrand completed his 83d year, on the 15th, CONOR In the House, April, Son motion of Mr. Mercer, it wn? Ttint cnli -r committee, consisting of a member from each State, be appointed to consider the expediency of providing general rules for elections, and that they have leave to report by bill or otherwise. 5 Mr. Hawkins was appointed on the committee, for North Carolina.) In the House, April 6, Mr. Connor, on leave presented a petition from sffcidry citizens of Lincoln county, North Carolina, in favor of an amendment of the constitution in that part which provides the mode of erecting a President and Vice President of the JJnited States; which was committed to the Committee of" the Whole or the state of the Union, to whir.h that subject had been referred.

On motion of Mr. Rencher, That the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads inquire into the expediency of establishing a post route from Mocksville to in North Carolina. Tarboro, April 9. On Monday last, Joseph It. Lloyd.

Esq. Mras elected Magistrate-and Speneer D. Cotien, Dan ford Richards. George Howard, Solomon Pender and John Williams. vrww5 piutceuHigs- coniestea Commissioners, fbr the lowa of TarboTOugb.for year-.

WAKE ViW INT Y. 0 Safsffday, 2d of April, 1 836, a nuiij. her of the fornds of tne Administrate" (between 0 and TO) being assenblpQ at Holesville, in WaArc c6unty, for the pUr, I pope ui consulting logemei, una givmo tx nression to their views1, on th tfertedtb in lheir prcceedirigsr tbey orr0ni! ...5 uppuiuiraem ot jOS(nk fowler, Sen. Chairman: and Dr. j3 if Taylor, and Danl ScepArough, SecreiarifJ Xth Jones.

Esn. introduced it rn loijow. ing- resolutions; which were unanimously adopted I Whereas, the term of Gen. Jackson'? appointment as President, will expire f. I the 4th day of March next and the peopU ii of the United Statts must, at an early djj elect his successor.

vj And whereas, it is essential to the pros perity of the Nation, and to the maimer' I anceof public liberty and popular riahts' that the principles and prominent measurcj of the present Administration shall be maintained and carried out by the next. And whereas, Martin Van Burtn, tha present Vice President, has heretofore, eo- I operated with Gen. Jackson in his patriotic i and successful efforts to preserve the Union -to resisl the violence of a factious hosti. lity to the rights and independence of th9 pcoplc-to oppose the re-establishment ftf a rnonied institution, which might at no I iuiaic uie ueswnies of tho country, and defy: the popular will to ex act justice irom foreign governments with nic nnr loir men i out sunmitting to dishonorable terms at their dirtntinn And whereas, the great body ofthe Jackson Republican party in the United have selected Mr. Van Buren as their carj didate, and ho is pledgtd, as well by his previous polificai course as by his written acceptance of their nomination, 44 io cany out the mcasutcs of the present udmviislra-lion Therefore, Resolved, That we approve of the no' inn ion of Martin Van Buren as the sue- I cesser of President Jackson, and will use all proper means for securing to him the vote of North Carolina.

Resolved, further, That the great end leading measures of General Jackson's Administration having been heartily approved and sustairred by the republicans of Wake rounty, and of this State, and Mj, Van Buren having been at all times an efficient co-worker with Gen. Jackson in these measures, and being now pledged to carry out the principles and measures of the present adroiniPtration, we can havQ I no difficulty in deciding, commc-n with I republicans in all section of the Union, that 44 he is one of US 1 that to rote for him. as the succresor of Gen. Jackson, is tcr support and maintain OUR principles anu mai io oppose nis ciecnuij, win combine with the enemies of those principles, atid strengthen them in their waifaie against political doctrines and public mea-sures which we have heretofore sustained and still approve. Resolved, further.

That Col. Richard I M. Johnson desrrres the gratitude attain sper, oi int; pcwpic irji mo 'g puoiic stvi vice, anu his arm repuoncan course, in toe. councils of the Nation and for the bravery and patriotism with which he has fought and bled in the defence of his country ami being the republican candidate lor Vice President we will cheerfully support lus election, and use all honerable means ta secure for. him the vote of North Carolina.

Resolved, That Col. Richard M. John son having been elected to serve his district and state fbr more than 25 years, by his neighborsWho know h'rh Lest and have known him long, -the brave Kcfrl tqckians, during the last, war, having promptly volunteered to follow him as thcif leader to the field of battle the enviable title by which he is every where as the 44 poor man Representative in Congress," because he attends to the business of a poor man (no matter where he re-sides) without hope of any reward beside that of serving his fellow citizens who have not the wealth or rank to gain attention from others, and the honorable scars ci, this generous, honest and brave old soldien 1 are testimoi.iils of character which place the republican candidate for Vice President above the reach of those attacks on his prK I ate fame which a violent political hostility has provoked. Resolved, That the oprtos it ion party har- I mor made overtures tn i)t ho. i 'WJ come their candidate, his refusal to desert his political principles ought to txunmnni respect from generous and manly oppo nents, and does not justify on rtssauJt upon his private fame: and such conduct ouglt to recoil on these who pursue it, as it did when the distinguished Jefferson and the venerable Jackson were assailed by private caiumny against tneir personal characters for political effect.

Resolved, That the Chairman of th'S meeting be requested to appoint Delegates i legates appointed in Wayne and Johnston, irom Wake county to consult with the etc- aiKi to unite with them the nomination of a candidate for Elector in this Electoral District, who will vct forMr V. Buren our next President, and Col. Johnsorr next Vice President. And the ftUW'nvI gentlemen were accordingly appointed di- legates. iioscs u.

tiarrison, joncs, and Woodson Clements, Esqs. Resolved, That we will Vote for the reelection ofhe Governor of this-State, His Excellency Richard D. Spaighi) because, he has faithfully, impartially ami honestly discharged the duties of his stations because, even his enemies have found no fault in his performance of thoso duties; because, he is a firm and decided Republi can because, he is an enemy to aristocracy, and a friend of the People because, be an advocate for cheap government and lov." taxes; because, he is hostile to the ereatif ot a National Bank because, he lias zealous' ly sustained iho Administration of Gencrrsf Jackson, (which we also approve) and i nnnoaod hv thnse.who are a era in st the A1' ministration, andto those who were in fartf of the Bank..

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