The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 11, 1949 · Page 6
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May 11, 1949

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 6

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PAGE BIX BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.)' COURIER NEWS THE BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE COURIER NEWS CO. a. W HA1NE8, Publisher JAMBS U VKRHOEFF. Editor PAUL O. HUUAN, AdWtlfing Muuftt got* NaUocAl AdvertlUng RtpreiemaUvcs: WtllM* Witmer Oo~ New York, CblctfO, Detroit, Atlanta, MempflU. Published Ever; Afternoon Except Sunday Entered as second ciu* matter at tb« post- office at Biytbevilie, Arlt&uuu, under act as COD- gres*, Octobei D, 191? Member ol The AuocUted PreM SUBSCRIPTION RATES: By carrier In tie city ot Blylnevlllc 01 aoj lUburbao town where carrier tervtc* 1* jiaia- talned, 20c pel week, 01 S5c pel month. . By mall, wlthir a radius ol 50 mile*. (4.00 pel year, (2.00 lor sut mouths. 11.00 (o; three month*; bj mall outr.de 60 mile tone 110.00 per year ' payable in advance. Meditations My »oul is we»ry of my life; I will le»ve niT complaint upon myself; 1 will speak In (he blt- ternesc of my soul.—Job 10:1. » • * Limit to strength? There Is no limit to strength. Limit to courage? There Is no limit to courage. Limit lo suflcring? There Is no limit lo suffering. Barbs Crocodile tears seldom foo] anybody—except the one who sheds them. * * * The V. S. Is being flooded with gct-rlch-qulrk offerings of stock In new Canadian mining companies. Widows and orphans should not confuse the*e stocks with Social Securities. * • * The amateur gardener Is now clearing hlfi plot of weeds to make room for the ID-ID crop of the same. • » * A manufacturer of a nationally known store hu just cut prices. Must be something cooking In the economic world. • • * When there Is work lo be done, the grasshopper soon will be giving us a worthwhile lip- hop to it! U. S. Should Battle For Objective Press pl« of the world. Without promptness and accuracy all sorts of injustices might go unrecorded, or at best be i'C|)oi'ted belatedly or at second hand. Crises might develop in secret and burst upon a public that was unprepared for them. In the interest of peace nnd freedom the United States should do Ha utmost lo keep the channels of information clear. ]f the press can help by some self-examination, that should be done, too. Also Ran When Russian Hero won the Grand National in Kngiaml, the only hamliciip- per who picked him was the man on the Communist Daily Worker. The other day a liorse named China Verdict was entered in an Knglbli race. The Daily Worker humlicapper picked him. The horse finished eleventh. This may not be prophetic, but there's no law against hoping. Two stout curbs on press freedom are included in the set of rules for international newsgathering that the "UN Social Committee has drafted. One does not exempt news messages from the censorship that governments can now exercise over telecommunications. The other requires foreign correspondents "to report facts without distortion" and "to further international understanding, and lo contribute to international peace and security." The United States quite rightly and Jiaturally opposed them. The second requirement, part of a code of ethics submitted by Mexico, is unenforceable, as our delegation pointed out. It is not always possible to reports facts and at the same time to promote international good will. Many dispatches could be subject of censorship because of this contradis- tory double assignment. Interpretive stones from foreign correspondents and reports of international discord—and possibly domestic also—would be automatically out. A strange coalition of nations put through these requirements. Obviously the Soviet bloc would be for them. But Latin-American and Asiatic countries also joined in supporting them. This support can perhaps be explained in three ways: The conception of journalism in those countries is quite different from what it is here. In most of them the government plays a much bigger part. The parties in power want their regime to appear perfect before the outside world, however much or little ice- way they give the opposition press at home. Some of these regimes have received real or fancied slights from the American press. What in effect happened was that America's views of press freedom were on trial. These ordinarily friendly countries held those views up for observation and inspection. They appar- entry didn't like what they saw. There may bo justification for some complaints of foreign governments or people about their treatment by the American press. We do not think that there have been many instances of distortion or real injustice. Certainly they have not been serious enough to warrant the proposal of drastic restrictions on reporting and analysis. Even if our government loses the first round in the General Assembly, it should continue its fight for international press freedom. It should continue not only for the sake of it s own press but for the protection that prompt, accurate newsgathering gives to the peo- VIEWS OF OTHERS With Hat in Hand Those arc astonishing stories about, Czechoslovakia and Spain wanting to Up the United States Treasury. The one about the Czech plea for $50,000.000 credits Is made 0 the more weird by Ihe case of Dr. Hugo Skaia, former top official of the Czech Finance Ministry. He came to Washington In the mission to get money to slave off a threatened economic breakdown. Immediately on arrival, he quit his post nnd sought the Slate Department's protection as n political refugee. Forluhnlcly, the Czech ret|iiesl for funds appears as good as rejected. At least that Is the view of some Informed Washington svritcrs, including Edward Botnnr of the Associated Press. There can be no question that the Czechs could use American funds to bolster their economy. But we would not know our own minds if we gave them financial help at this lime. The benefits of the Marshall plan were extended to Eairo]>ean countries generally. Moscow blasted the plan and Czechoslovakia took its lead from Ihe Kremlin. It turned a cold shoulder. If It would have no part of the Truman Administration's over-all plan for the economic rebuilding of Europe, It has little to do to come hat in hand now on nn Individual basis. The case against Spain is botli dissimilar and at the same time much the same. Czechoslovakia is controlled by the Communists. Franco's black Spain is probably the most antl-Commurilst country in al! Europe. Yet bolh arc iron-handed dictatorships. Both arc police stales. Both cither suppress or curtail basic civil liberties. In both the prc« Is wholly subservient to highly centralized authority. Foreign Minister Bcvln has just reminded the House of Communs how undemocratic Spain Is. He told the British lawmakers that lor more than a year he has tried lo bring about the reopening of seven British Protestant chapels in Madrid and elsewhere—chapels which were officially closed under the Spanish "bill of rights"! Bcvln rightly contrasted this fact with the promise by the Spanish Ambassador In London In 1937, on behalf of France, that "full religious liberty would be granted lo all classes and creeds In Spain." The Spanish totalitarian was dtspasslonale-ly described by Homer Bigart In a series of dispatches in this newspaper Iwo months ago. Suppression ol freedom ol worship Is only one ot the counts in that able reporter's long bill of indictments. When the Chase National Bank lent Franco J25.000.000. it did so as a private institution, even though It may have hoped to have this money protected by federal loans. That big New York banking institution may have known that Spain was about to ask the Export-Import Bank In Washington for perhaps as much as $200.000.000. The Chase Bank's loan is the Chase Bank's responsibility. That is a mutter between it and Franco. Certainly, that loan is no responsibility of the United Stales Government. Franco Is not entitled lo a red cent of the American people's mogey. He does nol believe in the freedoms of our form of government and we do not countenance the repressions practiced by his. He cannot very well apply at the Kremlin, but he can try Argentina. —ST. LOUIS POST-DISPATCH. SO THEY SAY Anyway, It's a Good Start WEDNESDAY, MAY 11. 1949 PETER EDSONS Washington News Notebook Congressman Refuses to Disclose Authors of Bill Bearing His Nlame By Peter EdKOn NEA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON, (NEA) — The mystery ol who wrote the so-callert "Wood" bill as substitute for the Taft-Hartley Itvbor law Is pretty thick. But it isn't really as mysterious us has heen let on. Democratic Congressman John S. Wood of Canton, Qfl., whose name Is on the bill, is himself largely responsible for whatever confusion exists about its origin. His first answer to the question, "Who wrote the Wortrt bill?" is: "It was not written by Iho Department of Labor." When the question Is repeated, ho gives a second answer ot: "The bill was written in my office with the help of a few Republicans nn the House Committee on Education, and Labor." When asked. "Who?" he replies with n nasty, "What business Is It of yours?" and walks nway. The answer to that one is simple. Who wrote the Wood bill may not be Ihe personal business of any reporter. But it most certainly i.s public business who wrlles these tricky pieces of legislation. And in he public interest, every reporter ias the right to ask any question he hooses wilh the expectation thai e'll get a civil answer. Congressman Wood's reluclnnce to otne clean on this one may be due o several faclors. one is Hint he vnul.s all the credit for himself. The other Is that he doesn't want t knou'n how the bill was written, what deals it represents, or who iupplicrt the brains. Congressman Wood, who is also chairman of the House Committee in un-American Activities, conies 'rom a northeast Georgia district, viilch up to now hasn't had too It (the executive branch of the government) has 10,000 faults, and the greatest faull of all is that it is taking more money Irani taxpayers than is necessary lo provide Ihe same service. Former President Herbert Hoover. » » • I have a notion, maybe it's a woman's hunch that were there half a do7.cn outstanding American women—women versed In world aflnirs—lo sit down with a similar group of women from France. England, and yes, even Russia, lo discuss the means of altalning world peace, that they could gel somewhere.—Sen. Margaret chase Smlih (R) of Maine. • • * A new military and economic menace has riicn in the Pacific, far more powerful than the menace of Japan which we fought the Pacllic war lo eliminate.—MaJ.-Gen. Claire L. Chcnnnuil. * * + You can't draft a hill like that (the Braimivn Plan) without Ihe mosl '.vidMpread regimentation and crop control the farmer ever has seen. We believe the farmer sooji will realize that under a program such as that his production will be curtailed nnd he will he cultivating acres of questionnaires—Hugh Scott, Jr., Republican National Committee Chairman. Germans Get Real Opportunity To Prove Merits of Democracy Th. DOCTOR SAYS By Edwin P. Jordan, M.D. Written for NEA Service Advances In surgery during this entury have been amazing. During he recent war they were put Into iraclice on a mass scale. Largely tccause ot (hem, of 598.0CC wound- id soldiers who reached Army hos- liials, aboul 96 per cent were saved. Much of Ihe credit for Immediate saving of life was due lo giving Dlasma at (he front lines. Without (he generous supply of blood furnished by the civilian popula- lon during the war this would have been impossible. Another Improvement which was .ife-saving in Its effect was the prompt control of bleeding whenever possible immediately after the wound had been inflicted. The sulfa preparations and penicillin, while they might be classed as medical rather than surgical, were also responsible for slopping many Infections and thereby saving many lives. Hums Numerous Burns have always been a problem in warfare and were more so in the past war than ever before. Prompt solution injection of plasma, and whole blood salt has brought remarkable results in burn Also several excellent new meth- By DcH-IM Mackenzie Al' Foreign Affairs Analyst Western Germany's new Republican constitution—modeled on the American and British systems of government—is one of the most ry^ markablo documents of the kli.Jf ever drafted. H is truly the product of ou i- new era. This constitution provides (on paper, at least* live greatest degree of democracy the country ever has known. Indeed, one might say it provides vlrlunliy the only democracy • irmany has experienced, because the short-lived Weimar Republic' (1919-33) died an unnatural death before it could fulfill Us promise. Even more striking is the fad that Get-many—twice Ihe instigator of world wars within a generation— not only outliws aggressive war but provides for (he transfer of the Reich's proud sovereignty lo a United Stales of Europe. And Germans who only a short time ago were bowing Ihe neck lo the Hitlerian dictatorship are given a sweeping bill of rights which declares Dial "Ihe dignity Q f man shall be inviolable, " I'russianlsm Reversed What a transformation! There still are knocking about plcnly <-< us "old timers 11 who hark back to the days of Kaiser Wilhclm II. the "all highest" who fathered World War I, pursuant to his policy of Imperial expansion. The kaiser was an autocrat who believed that he ruled ods of treating skin Itself have been I by divi "e ri B hl, a fact which many organized labor problems to worry about. Congressman Wood's emergence as author of and authority on labor legislation has there- Fore come as considerable of a shock Lo labor union lobbyists In Washington, They accuse him of having let all kinds of people wrile his labor bill for him — Including Republican House Leaders Joe Martin and Charlie Halleck, with Senators Tall and Donnell advising on slralegy. When hacked down, most of these rumors were found to be untrue. Wood's Silence. Gags Authors William Ingles, organizer and front tor Ihe Committee lo Save the Taft-Harlley Law, says he didn't, wrile the Wood bill but he knows how it was written. Ingles says Congressman Wood's unwillingness to discuss the subject senls the mouths of those who had anything lo do with writing it. Gerald D. Morgan, who got $7500 from (lie Republican National Com- millce for helping write the Haft- Harllcy bill, says lie had no hand in writing the Wood bill and knows nothing about U. Gerard D. Reiily, former N5.RB counsel now relaincd as labor lawyer ."or a number of employers, says lie had no hand In writing the Wood bill. Reilly gives much credit for piittmj; it over to North Caroline Democrat Graham A. Harden, in the House Labor committee, Union labor lawyers in Washington have charged openly that some of the language In the Wood bill ts unmistakably Renly's. Reilly had considerable lo do with wriling the Taft-Harlley act. His influence on the Tuft-Hartley law "Watch-dog" Committee's December report on the workings of the law Is also discernible. And the i sinski bill. Wood wasn't even there. real key to the Wood bill is to b found In this report. Pennsylvania Congressman Samuel K. McCoimcll. Jr., ranking Republican on Ihe House Labor Committee, offers what at least lias the merit of being (he frankest explanation of how Ihe Wood bill came about. McComietl says It didn't ta'ite any brains lo write Ihe Wood bill, and (here is no mystery about It. Dill Is Just a Paste-Up "I could have written the Wood bill myself." says McConnelly. "and I'm no lawyer." He adds lhat the original bill was simply (he Taft> Harllcy law with the Watch-dog Committee Republican majority's recommended amendments. Wriling Ihe Wood bill therefore required only scissors and paste, not genius. Just before Ihe House Labor Com- mitlce was lo take final adion on labor legislation, Congressman McConnell says he decided nol to give up and jusl lei Ihe Democrats report out only chairman John Le- slnski's Tall-Hartley repealer. Looking Ihrough all the measures that, had been offered. McConnell says he hit on Ihe Wood bill as offering (he best substitute for the Lcslnski bill. The committee wouldn't give him a chance lo submit any amendments to the Lesinski bill. But Congressman Wood was agreeable to having hi? bill amended. McConnell called a meeting, of Republican House Labor Committee members lo wo 'c out amendments that would soften up the original Wood bill. They decided to knock developed. By these methods many who would previously have died were saved, and scarring has been; greatly reduced. ! New techniques have been developed at amazing rate in such fields as surgery of the nerves, brain, chest and heart, and in the field of skin grafting and plastic surgery. In heart surgery alone, many ingenious operations have been developed. Practically all of them are now used in peacetime practice. It seems safe to say that In no other country has surgery made such rapid strides as hi our own. Surgeons have shown an Ingenuity and desire to advance the specialty which cannot be praised too highly. Note: Dr Jordan is unable to ajiswer individual questions from readers. However, each day he will answer one of the most frequently asked questions In his column. THE DOCTOR ANSWERS Ijrgf By Edwin P. Jordan, M.D. QUESTION: What causes small spots and spetks in front of my eyes? ANSWER: The most cor-'Mon cause are tiny spots, impenetrable lo light, floating in a fluid called the vitereous. These most often when at (he sky or a printed page. A second and rare cause, is a mild form of (uberculosis In (he same portion of the eye. Another cause is not due to any disease condition but merely to thickening of certain libers. Wired an American to write the <W nous satirical poem "Me und Gott" "•hlch infuriated the emperor. The old kaiser was the epitome of Prussianlsni. Under his "Me und Gott" rule, aiming at expansion there was a rapid rise In taxalion because of Ihe cost of armament, and a large class of the population was dissatisfied wilh Ihe militaristic organization of the country It was this period that saw (he s;reat expansion of (he Krupp armament works in (he Ruhr. Then came the world war which resulted In (lie abdication of the kaiser. The Weimar Republic tried lo inaugurate democracy, only to be overtaken by the Hitlerian regime, which represented one of the most terrible dictatorships of all time. Now we get the violent revulsion lo all this in the new constitution German political leaders claim it is ahe most progressive in existence. Opportunity for Citizenship Well, they arc going to have their chance to proi'e that claim. They still will be under Allied supervision mill Isuch time as they have demonstrated their fitness to walk fclone but the Allied purpose Is lo encourage them to stand on their ovjfc feet. ^~ The horned load of the American southwest can scamper over ground about >s fast as a. mouse. do Is to have some friends In nnd piay bridge. The commander left » nice thought with me which I want to pass on to you. He said that television. with its ability to project ideas and ideals across international bomidries. will topple and the wall of misunderstanding and intolerance — the Tower of Babel of our time. Today's hand provides plenty of material for argument. a fluid called The constitution, of course can ; are no iced only apply to the three zones "r i.?. e "°1.!. re . S V 7 est «>-n Germany at the outset, but U has been drawn up so as to include Soviet-controlled Eastern Germany HS soon as a united nation can be achieved. All this Is clearly specified in the preamble which says that "the entire German people Is called upon lo accomplish, by free self-dclcrinmation, the unity and freedom of Germany " The framers of (he constitution have nailed down their bill of righls by prescribing penalties for would- be dictators who "by force or threat of force" change the constitution or deprive the head of slate of his powers. Strange as it may seem the most severe penalty is life imprisonment. The new Germany has abolished capital punishment. West staried psychic bid the confusion with of one no trump. oul mandatory injunctions and I when declarer led the three of other sections lhat would make the spades from dummy Wesl made Taft-Hartlcy law tougher. At the meeting when (his revised bill was offered as a substi'nte for (he Lc- 75 Years Ago In Blytheville — Miss Virginia Little will be pre.i- North and South got to a six heart ented tonight with a special number contract. When East opened with i'"_ voic .<; whcn M ' KS Margaret Mcr- Ihe seven of spades the ten was played from dtimmy. jack by West and North won the queen. Laler | rilt will give a recilal for her ad- IN HOLLYWOOD By Erskine Johnson NEA Staff CorrMpondrnl HOLLYWOOD 1NEA)—RKO is as much in the dark as the rest of Hollywood over IiiRrid Bergman's reported "romance" with Italian director Roberto Rosscllini. Rossellini, in a dispalch from Ihe Island of Stromboli, where he is di- rcctlncr Ingrid in RKO's "God's "Earlh," refused to confirm or deny the stjiy. Ingrid and her husband. Dr. Veler Ltndslrom, arc saying nothing. All news about the film ts being handled by two Italian newspapermen Rosselllni hired as press accnt-5. Their newspapers in Rome are receiving the only exclusive slovies about the picture. All other wriler.s are burred from Ihe island. Ing rill's public relations, meanwhile, are al a new low. When she married Leo Dnrochr-r, Laraiuc Day vowed she'd never work In another movie during tl« baseball season. She just started work In "t Mnvi-lert a Communist" al HKO wilh Leo's blessings. I asked her why she'd changed her mind. She smiled and said, "My agent has to eat." • • • Now Hollywood efficiency nole: Assisl.ilU director over loud speaker on the "Bnttlrgronnd ' set: "It is (our minutes ot 12. One hour lor lunch. Rcjxirt back on set at exactly four minutes ot I.' 1 A neu^p.ipor reporter a.'.kcd J. Wymnn once loo often If she and Ronald Rcupari \vcrc talking about a reconciliation. Jane blew her prelty lop, locked herself m her dressing room and refused to come out until the reporter had left Ihe set. It happened on her last dny In Hollywood before leaving for New York and Ixmd6n. Stops the Show Sir Codric Hardwicke yells "stop Ihe Music" lo an orchcslra in "Con- nrciicnl Yankee and it's the biggest Th in the picture. But it wasn't deliberate. The scent was filmed 18 months i.cn, before Ihe airshow became 50 popular. * « • Mos! film stars are reluctant In look back. Robert Taylor Isn't t caught him wilh his memories down—memories of 15 years of stardom. Bob has a lot lo remember— When he was earning *35 a week J «t M-O-M and L. B. Mayer lock! him out OIK day and bought him four ,siu!s and a dinner jacket., '•You'll nerd Ihesc," L. B. said, "you're going lo be a slar," When he became a star in "Society rxvtor" and his salary wjs Mill $.15 a week. When he slarred In "The Majt- nifirrnl Ol»srss1on" aj Ihe ma£- liHironl salary nf S7S K week. His firsl trip to New York—"1 knrw i was a success Ihen"—and the distr-sUful "pretty boy" publicity which almost wrecked his c.i- reer alter he made "A Yank al Oxford." Rnb'? salary loday comes in four healthy figures. Bui he'd like better roles iu belter picture, 1 !—"I've had a lot of unsatisfactory Eilms in the l;ist six years." Coming up are two westerns. ' Amh'.ish" and "Devil's Doorway." Bob has his fingers crossed. McKENNEY ON BRIDGE By William K. AJcRenney America's Card'Authority Written for NEA Service Psychic Rid Opens Confusing Hand In my contacl.s with bridge I meet a great many interesting people, and T like to ask them questions about themselves and their business. I found Comdr. Mortimer W. Locwi, director of the DuMont Television Network, exceptionally interesting. I wanted to know how long it would be before television reaches smaller cities. The corn- vanced pupils. Another recital by Miss Merrills pupils will be given early in June. .. . ... Mr. and Mrs. Russell Phillips and the mistake of playing the four| Mrs - and Mrs. Bernard Gooch were spot. Declarer reading East for a singlelon played the six spot. A club trick was conceded and the contract was made. Several pairs tried lo play (he in Memphis yesterday for the Rotary convention. Prospective members of ville's maroon and white football squad arc rounding out the first hand at six no trump, which was I week of Spring Training at Haley ciefcaled. Six clubs is the only field this week. Thrive were bet- slam contract that cannot be de- ween 5(1 and fid boys laking part feated, . in the activities. Shore Bird Ilravc l'ij>coil Oiirhu World War 1. John Silver, a homing pigeon, delivered a message afier his fool had been sliol away and his bren.sl torn by shells. * J 872 Tournament—jV-S vul. Soulh Wesl North East Double 2 » Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass 1N.T. Pass Pass Pas; 3 V 6V Opening—* ' 11 mandcr told me that this problem would be solved within the ncxl few years with (he coaxial cable and micro-wave relays. He has played a lot of bridge and we discussed mniiy of Ihe old- llmcrs. He gave me a very ROOC reason lor the increasing popularity of bridge, "With television." hi said, "people nrc slaying home nosv and the natural thing for them to HORIZONTAX 1 Depicted shore bird 7 It has a downward bill 13 Interstice H Landed properly 15 Male 16 Slraighlen 18 Article 19 Finish 20 H in meadows 21 Enervate 22 Measure 23 Northeast (ab.) 24 Girdle 27 Kqnal 29 Italian river 30 Egyptian sun god 31 Part of "be" 32 Hone 33 Lived 35 Lairs 38 Ruthenium (symbol) 39 Diminutive suffix 40 War gad 42 Later 47 Sheltered side 48 Summit 4!) Smashed 50 Poem 51 Epic poclO S3 More facile .15 Staid 56 Exhausts VERTICAL 1 Humped 2 Astronomy muse 3 Tear 4 Behold! 5 Ardor 6 Stripe 7 Coin S Employs 9 Right (abO lOCislerns 11 Methane 12 More profound 17 It of the genus Numenius 25Masl 26 Residence 27 Goad 28 Comfort 33 Indites 34 [I lives in America and 36 Required 37 Guides 41 Foolless animal 42 r'.ticournge 43 Unrestriclcd •M Toward 45 Pieces out 45 Harvest \1 Meat cut 52 Father 51 Compass point