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The Philadelphia Inquirer from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania • Page 1

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
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hrom 31 PUBLIC LEDGER CITY EDITION An Independent Newspaper for All the People MONDAY MORNING. JULY 14. 1941 Copyright 19-11 by The Phila. Inquirer Co. VOL.

215, No. 14 CIRCULATION: June Average: Daily 417,964, Sunday 1,114,937 a Second Largest 3c Morning Circulation in America THREE CENTS Say; Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev Doomed, Nazis Losses Admit 250,000 "Reds Claim Yictorie Britain and Russia Fis-ht-to-End it fmt? 2 BILLS REMAIN 2 Towns Won Back In 3 Big Battles, Soviet Asserts Blasts Wreck Boat at Pier; Three Hurt Two explosions blew a 30-foot cabin cruiser to bits early yesterday at Ocean City, N. injuring three men and starting a fire SSi the midst of $100,000 worth of private fishing boats tied up in Great Egg Harbor Bay. In another explosion yesterday afternoon, in Sinepuxent Bay, three miles south of Ocean City, a Baltimore man and his wife were severely burned and their 26-foot cabin cruiser destroyed. SWIM TO SAND BAR The man tnd his sister swam 400 yards to a sand bar with his injured wife and seven-year-old son, and a Philadelphian in another boat later rescued them from the sand bar.

The first of the blasts at the New Jersey resort was caused by gasoline fumes. It blew the boat's cabin and one of the three men aboard her into the bay, and the two other WM FINLAND X. stalin un iiiipniii-lTIrdnfii- LAKE KTfl tNirslG AO yAOLOTSKyK ij TArobruisk f1 i-ROOACHEv! NOVOGRAO RUMANIA ALAT scvASTOPoy- 7 Black S1 Fall of Leningrad and Kiev, Russia's second and third cities, is imminent, and Moscow now lies unprotected in the path of the German war machine, D.X.B., official Nazi news agency, boasted last night in an elaboration of the German High Command's claims of smashing the Stalin Line "at decisive points." Tanzer troops at some points are 60 miles beyond the Stalin Line, Nazi quarters said, and Moscow "is now as vulnerable as Paris was last year." Moscow followed announcement of a new mutual-aid pact with Great Britain with reports of checking the Nazis in gigantic all-day battles Sunday in the Pskov, Vitebsk and Novograd Volynski sectors, distant approaches guarding the roads to Leningrad, Moscow and Kiev. Recapture of two towns on the central front was claimed. In three weeks of fighting, the Russians said, their casualties were 250,000 to over 1,000,000 for Germany, while the Nazis lost 3000 tanks and 2300 planes to 2200 Red tanks and 1900 Red planes.

Britain and Russia pledged "assistance and support of all kinds" to each other in their joint-action accord, and barred any separate peace with Hitlerite Germany. A Soviet spokesman asserted the pact made the United States virtually a partner of Russia. On the Western Front, British bombers again raided Germany, with Bremen the chief German guns on the French coast opened fire, presumably at a convoy in Dover Strait. A heat haze which had shielded the French coast area from British observation for several weeks lifted and showed hew Nazi fortifications. AS LEGISLATURE Efforts Under Way To Settle Dispute Over Truck Weights, Jobless Payments By JOSEPH If.

MILLER Inquirer Harrisburg Bureau HARRISBURG, July 14(Mon-day). Pennsylvania's Legislature, in a final drive to close the 1941 session, resumed work early this morning in an effort to settle two remaining con troversial bills after it gave up as hopeless the task of re-apportioning tne State into 33 Congressional Districts. Failure of a legislative conference committee to agree on a Congressional reapportionment bill, after weeks of negotiations, will result in the State's Congressmen beine elect ed on a State-wide basis, instead of by districts, in the 1942 election. BILLS IN' DISPUTE As homesick legislators, weary from sitting in day and night sessions since last Monday, returned to their desks shortly after 1 A. following a seven-hour recess, every effort was being made to settle disputed bills to liberalize the State's unemployment compensation law and to permit an Increase in the gross weights of trucks using Pennsylvania highways.

Once agreements are reached on these two measures the Legislature will be in position to adjourn finally. Legislative leaders were hopelul they could bring about adjournment some time this morning, but a printer's jam threatened to hold up everything until later in the day. DEMOCRATS OBSTINATE Indications that the Congressmen will be elected at-large next year came following a recess yesterday afternoon when Republican leaders announced they would not agree to the Democratic plan for Congressional reapportionment and that as far as they were concerned National Representatives would be elected at-large. Throughout the negotiations on reapportionment. Republicans claimed the Democrats would not budge from their original re-districting plan although counter-propositions were offered them in an attempt to break the deadlock.

MADE 7 PROPOSALS "The conference committee on reapportionment," said Senator George N. Wade, Cumberland Republican, one of its members, "has met more than a dozen times. We have made seven counter propositions to the Democrats and to date we have received no counter-proposition from them. "We have just reported back to our Republican caucus and the caucus Continued on Page 2, Column 4 RESUMES 1 I NAZIS CLAIM Rrins' mG CITIES DOOMED Germany yesterday pictured the 22-day-old Russian campaign as a decisive triumph, with the Stalin Line pierced at "all decisive points" (black arrows) and the way opened for further thrusts (white arrows) with Leningrad, Moscow and Kiev virtually doomed. But Moscow insisted its lines held firm in three big battles near Pskov, Vitebsk and Novograd Volynski (broken arrows), and reported recapture of Zhlobin and Rogachev.

RENEWS MARSHALL 9 Pact Some Panzer Units Reported 60 Miles Beyond Stalin Line BERLIN, July 13 (U. The faU of Leningrad and Kiev, second and third cities of Russia, is imminent" and Moscow lies unprotected In the path of the German war machine as result of the smashing of the Stalin Line at every decisive point, the official D. N. B. agency boasted tonight.

At some points, Nazi quarters said, German Panzer forces have driven 60 miles beyond the smashed Stalin line. 'AS VULNERABLE AS PARIS' "Moscow is now as vulnerable as Paris was last year when Weygand's line was broken," a spokesman said. The smashing of the Stalin Lins of steel and concrete after three weeks of assault "now assures a complete victory of German arms in the east," D. N. B.

said in elaboration of the High Command's claim of the big Nazi break-through. The agency's account pictured a collapse of Russian resistance and an impending catastrophe crushing Russia's vast armed forces and yielding Moscow, Leningrad and Kiev to Adolf Hitler. 100 MILES FROM LENINGRAD Leningrad, Russia's second city at the lower end of the Karelian Isthmus, is "immediately threatened" by German Panzer forces pressing upon it from the south in the Pskov region just east of Lake Peipus, barely 100 miles away, according to Nazi quarters. The Ukrainian capital of Kiev, once the capital of all Russia, is expected to be "occupied imminently" by German forces which have struck eastward from Lwow in the Polish Ukraine, through Luck and "close before" Kiev, it was stated. The way has been opened up for a victory march upon Moscow, over the same route that led Napoleon Continued on Page 6, Column 4 THE WEATHER Official Forecast: Eastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware Fair with little change in temperature today and tomorrow.

(Daylight Saving Time) Sun rises 5.42 A.M. Sets 8.29 P.M. Moon rises 11.58 P.M. Sets 11.46 A.M. Other Weather Reports on Page 2 Lost and Found IX)ST Pocketbook com.

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Reward. Lorn. 1630. GOERING IS HELD RED RADIO SAYS Reported in Violent Quarrel With Hitler In Opposing Nazi Attack on Russia Special Cable to The Inquirer and New York Herald Tribune LONDON. July 13.

The Moscow radio, in a broadcast heard here tonight, quoted Swedish sources as stating that Reichs Marshal Hermann Wilhelm Goering, No. 2 Nazi, had been placed in a concentration camp in disgrace after a violent quarrel with Adolf Hitler. Goering, according to the broadcast, opposed the invasion of Russia on the ground that the Luftwaffe was not fit for such an offensive so soon after the Battle of Britain and the campaigns in the Balkans and Crete. Hitler was reported to have flown into one of his rages, called Goering a coward and declared that he would take over command of the air force. The Moscow report could not be confirmed in London.

N. Y. VERSION DIFFERS The Moscow radio was heard in New York by the Columbia Broadcasting System, which recorded the broadcast as follows: "It has become known in Stockholm that on the eve of Germany's attack on the Soviet Union, a stormy scene took place between Hitlpr and Goering apropos of Germany's further policy. "Goering pointed out that German aircraft, exhausted in the battles over Britain, the Balkans and Crete, could not undertake a new campaign without substantial reinforcements. CALLED A COWARD "At the same time Goering was reported to have declared that he could not take upon himself responsibility for the outcome of the air war in the East, inasmuch as the Soviet air forces were extremely strong.

"According to reports, Hitler called Goering a coward and stated that he would direct the air force himself. Hitler then called in General Milch, whom he considers an export in matters pertaining to aviation. "That Goering has fallen into disfavor is confirmed by the fact that his name has completely disappeared from the pages of the German press. It is reported that Himmler (Hein-rich Himmler, Chief of the Gestapo) is insisting that Goering be sent to a concentration camp." RECENT MENTIONS One of the last mentions of Goer-ing's name in a dispatch from Berlin was in connection with a visit by King Boris III of Bulgaria to Hitler and Goering. The dispatch was dated June 5, but did not say when the visit had been made.

On June 2 Goering addressed the Luftwaffe in a special order of the day, in which he lauded the fliers for their conquest of Crete and wound up with: "Forward in the spirit of the victors of Crete! Long live Der Fuehrer!" The last previous dispatch from Berlin mentioning Goering's name was May 5. But dispatches from London as late as June 21 mentioned Goering and put him in a position of favoring conquest of Russia. (Copyright 1941) U. S. Ship to Carry Water to Bermuda WASHINGTON.

July 13 (A. A cargo of drinking water for drought-gripped Bermuda is scheduled to leave Moorhead City, N. tomorrow aboard the Maritime Commission's training ship American Seaman. The commission said today that the ship probably would reach the British-owned island, on which an American naval base is being built, on July 17. The vessel will carry 3000 tons of water and during a stay of about a week in Bermuda will turn out another 3000 tons from its distillation plant which converts sea water.

Churchill to Speak Over Radio Today An address by Prime Minister Winston Churchill, speaking from London, will be broadcast here over Stations WFIL, KYW. WCAU, WEAF, WOR, WJZ, WABC at 7.55 o'clock this morning, E. D. T. The subject of Mr.

Churchill's talk will be "Civil Defense and the Military Pact Between England and Russia." A rebroadcast of the address will I be heard on WIP at 1.45 o'clock this afternoon and at 10 P. M. on WOR. PR SDN I RAILROADS SHIP REFUSES PLEA TO COME BACK FOR TWO NAZI CONSULS SAN FRANCISCO. July 13 (A.

The captain of the Japanese liner Yawata Maru messaged tonight that he was unable to return to San Francisco for German Consuls General Fritz Wiedemann and Hans Borchers, who received BritLsh guarantees of safe conduct across the Pacific after the ship had sailed. "We express our regrets we are unable to accept their request to return," the captain radioed to the Nippon Yusen Kaisha Line office here. He added that any authority to turn back would have to be sanctioned by the Tokio office. TELEPHONES TO TOKIO Wiedemann said that he had telephoned the company's Tokio office, but had received no satisfaction. The two expelled Consuls General said that they had no idea what their next move would be, though they mentioned that another Japanese Continued on Page 6.

Column 7 Germans to Exchange Nationals With Keds ISTANBUL, Turkey, July 13 (U.P.') One hundred and seven Russians, including members of the Russian Legations at Budapest and Bratislava, arrived here today to await exchange next Wednesday at Ankara for Germans. Keynes, well-known British economist and economic adviser to the BritLsh Treasury, will be present to answer questions. REPLIES TO CHARGES Keynes already has replied to charges by Representative James F. O'Connor author of the resolution providing for a House investigation, that the British were selling supplies received from the United States under the Lease-Lend program in South America in competition with American business men. Keynes said that British sales In Continued on Pafe 7, Column 5 Iceland Action Vital May Defeat Hitler Must Clear N.

Atlantic Then Britain Is Safe Nazis Stopped in West I Ily Ravmoml Clapper WASHINGTON, July 13. A CHESS game the decisive move that determines the outcome may occur in the early I plays, for instance in a slight shifting: of a humble pawn. One small move of a relatively weak piece may so alter the strategy of the game as to dictate the end. Could it be possible that the Iceland move is such a decisive incident in this war? We won't know perhaps for a long time, but I think a good case could be Erzued to that effect. This may very well be the turn.

It may very well be the slight move that will dictate in the end that Hitler cannot win. To win. Hitler must crush England and get out on the Atlantic. Otherwise he remains landlocked. Our move into Iceland carries T.ith it the necessity of protecting the ocean to that outpost.

It involves, as Secretary Knox has plainly indicated, a determination by the United States to clear German raiders out of the North Atlantic. If we succeed in that we, to-pether with the British, are almost certain to keep open the sea lanes from the United States to England. If that is done then the chances of Britain being knocked out are slight. It means a steadily rising flow cf war supplies and, above all, of planes to England. This means that it is only a matter of time until England gains superiority in the air.

Then the British Isles become impregnable. Hitler is then stopped in the West. He will have gone as Jar as he can go. He will nn longer be sinking shipping faster than Britain and the United States can build it. He will never be able to catch up in ocean strength.

Once he is passed in air strength, he will r.ever be able to catch up. Some of our high officials believe Hitler already foresaw this long before the actual occupation of Iceland. They el 1 that once he up the prospective American aviation and shipbuilding programs and saw the drift of affairs over here he decided to shift to a continental objective. That, they believe, led him to attack Russia. With control of the continents of Europe and Asiatic Russia, he will be entrenched as to supplies.

There is still the opportunity to extend his conquest across the Mediterranean to Africa. This would enable him to live. But it would not give him the freedom out on the seas for world trade activities. And it is doubtful if he could hold Japan in that case. Japan is a maritime nation.

As such she must play ball with the ccminant maritime Powers. She is too much exposed to superior sea strength. She is too dependent upon ocean commerce. Japan cannot afford to be caught on the opposite side of controlling sea power. And unless Hitler can break out cr.

the ocean and become a naval power there is no place Japan can turn for a naval ally to put her on an equal footing with the combined American and British sea strength. General 'Yoo Hoos' Bathing Suit Girls EX. PASO, July 13 (A. First act on the El Paso Country Cub's annual bathing beauty revue was a shadow show, featuring girls in bathing suits and shorts. In the front row sat Major General Inrus P.

Swift. Fort Bliss commander, one of the judges. Up came the lights, revealing in the girls in bathing suits end shorn. Called General Swift: "Yoo hoo!" Continued on Page 3, Column 2 GUARD OF ELKS WELCOMED 11 CITY; 50,000 DUE TODAY Parley. Officially Opens Tonight, But Day Will Be Busy Illustrated on Page 3 Brightly garbed in flags and bunting, Philadelphia yesterday made the password of the day simply, "Hello, Bill," and opened its figurative arms, its hotels, its streets and its halls to the onrush of 50,000 delegates and members of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks.

Streaming into the city from every part of the Nation for their 77th annual convention, the Elks and their ladies brought the color and gayety of a seashore resort to this city. 50,000 HERE TONIGHT By tonight, when the annual meeting is opened with impressive ceremonies at Independence Hall, some 50,000 Elks will be crammed into the hotels, overflowing the suddenly invigorated night clubs, and generally injecting a shot of life into the everyday activities of the metropolis. But with the ever-present buoyant spirit, there will be, this year, a significant seriousness to the convention program, an examination of the largers problems that confront the war-torn world, to go side by side with the rounds of entertainment. DEFENSE IS THEME For, cognizant of the role that the Elks, as citizens, must play in the events of the future, the convention Continued on Page 3, Column 6 NATIONAL AFFAIRS Release of draftees perils defenses. Gen.

Marshall says. Page 1 British Embassy to explain lease-lend export trade policy. Page 1 Farmers' protests win year's post ponement on wheat penalty. Page 30 EDITORIALS More Ships Than Hitler Can Sink; Truce in Syria a Nazi Setback; Efficient Payroll System Needed; Summer Housecleaning for Defense; How High Taxes Hit Labor; Hut ton 's cartoon. Page 8 SPORTS Ghezzi defeats Nelson, 1-up, for P.

G. A. crown. Page 19 DiMaggio extends streak to 53; Yanks beat Chicago twice. rage 19 A's jolt Detroit, 5-4; St.

Louis trips Phils, 7-2, 8-5. Page 19 BUSINESS AND FINANCIAL Investors' Guide. Page 22 Security market in heavier trading nears new highs. Page 22 Security quotations. rages 22, 23, 24 Maritime news.

Fage 22 SPECIAL DEPARTMENTS Amusements 14 Puzzle Pages Church News 4 16-17 Comics 16-17 Radio 29 Death Notices 28 Short Story 11 Feature Page Obituaries Picture Page 13 Women's Pages 4 10-11 12 COLUMNS AND FEATURES Barton Clapper Culbertson Cummings Johnson 13 Mallon 1 Newton 11 Parsons 15 Pegler 13 Sullivan 13 8 14 13 13 VAN PLEA TO CONGRESS TO EXTEND DRAFT WASHINGTON. July 13 (A. General George C. Marshall, Chiet of Staff, has advised Congressional leaders, it was learned today, that the Army cannot man outlying defense bases adequately unless selectees are held in service beyond the present limit of one year. A member of Congress said that Marshall, in conferences last week with Speaker Sam Rayburn and other legislators, emphasized, too, the need for speedy enactment of legislation which would make selectees liable lor additional service and would permit the retention of National Guardsmen for more than their projected year's active duty.

TROOPS FACE RECALL In that connection. Marshall was quoted as saying that unless additional service was authorized a large number of troops would have to be brought back from Hawaii in August because of the approaching expiration of their year's service. The necessity of mustering out Guardsmen and selectees and replacing them with newly-inducted men, he was reported to have said, would require the Army to maintain a virtual Shuttle" service between the mainland and offshore defense bases for months to come. COMPROMISE TOSSIBLE (Marshall reported to Congress recently that on July 1 the Army had 116,700 men garrisoning outlying Continued on Page 7, Column 4 IN TODAY'S INQUIRER British-Soviet Pact Bars Separate Peace; U. S.

Called 'Partner' Text of British-Russian agreement is on Page 6. MOSCOW, July 14 (Monday) (A. Buoyed by a new mutual assistance pact with Great Britain, the Soviet Union announced today a series of gigantic all-day battles with the German invaders in the Pskov, Vitebsk and Novograd Volynski sectors the distant approaches to Leningrad, Moscow and Kiev. Reporting that in the Sunday-long fighting the Germans had lost new masses of men and material, the Soviet Information Bureau "In three weeks of heavy fighting, the Germans have lost more than 1.000,000 men killed and wounded, while the Soviet forces have lost not more than 250,000." HEAVY LOSSES The Germans have last more than 2300 aircraft and over 3000 tanks, the communique said, and the Russians 2200 tanks and 1900 planes. German planes destroyed Saturday totaled 131, it said.

Vitebsk is about 300 miles west of Moscow; Pskov is at the southern tip of Lake Peipus 150 miles southwest of Leningrad; and Novograd Volynski is 120 miles west of Kiev in the Ukraine. (The Germans claimed they were at the gates of Kiev, that Leningrad was imperiled, and that they had smashed open a land bridge from the Vitebsk region toward Moscow.) 2 TOWN'S RECAPTURED All up and down the front the Russian communique told of a day of bitter fighting, mentioning particularly that in the northwest the Leningrad defense area troops under Marshal Klementi Voroshilov checked the Germans and by staunch resistance repulsed them with heavy losses at some points. In the west, on the central front, it Continued on Page 6, Column 1 British Radio Plays Red Battle March LONDON, July 13 (A. The British Broadcasting Corporation Introduced a martial musical note into the new British-Russian agreement for joint action against Germany by playing a Bolshevik battle song tonight at the start of its home news program. A recording of the "rousing military march end call to battle" was put on the air ahead Of the national anthems of Allied countries which usually start the news broadcast.

This song was broadcast by the Moscow radio when Josef Stain spoke on July 3. The BBC rendition appeared to wind up the half serious, half humorous discussion recently over whether the Internationale should be played by the BBC as a sign of British-Russian rapprochement. British Embassy to Explain Lease-Lend Trade Policy FOREIGN NEWS Moscow, Leningrad and Kiev doomed, Berlin asserts. Page 1 Reds claim victories in three big battles after signing British mutual-aid pact, admit 250,000 losses. PK 1 Goering in concentration camp, Moscow radio says.

Page 1 Nazis building new defense works on Channel coast. Page 6 American force In Iceland "at home" in Reykjavik, but lack amusements. Tage 7 GENERAL Two disputed bills delay adjournment of Legislature. Page 1 Boat blows up at Ocean City wharf; three men hurt. Page 1 Japanese liner refuses to return for two German Consuls.

Page 1 Coal bootleggers to ask James to withdraw State police from scene of rioting. Page 2 Catholic laymen assail bishop's talk of Roosevelt's war power. Page 5 CITY AND VICINITY Vanguard of Elks welcomed in city; 50,000 due today; official opening of convention tonight. Page 1 Two men held for twisting woman's arm in row after trolley crash. Page 2 "Nucky" Johnson trial opens today at Camden.

Page 3 Women and two men killed in auto accidents. Page 15 Twenty thousand children are enjoying gift of playlots, 39 of which are open. Page 15 Racing auto thieves flee after pedestrian is run over. Page 15 By JOHN C. O'BRIEN Inquirer Washington Bureau WASHINGTON, July 13.

The British Embassy, concerned over the movement in the House to create a special committee to investigate British -competition with American trade in foreign countries, announced tonight that a statement explaining British export trade policy in relation to supplies received under the Lease-Lend Act would be issued tomorrow by Sir Owen Chalk-ley, commercial counsellor of the Embassy, The statement will be issued at ft press conference at which J. M..

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