BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOt. «2—NO. TO 8LYTHBV1LLB, ARKANSAS (72815) FRIDAY, JUNE 17, 196« TEN CENTS 14 PAGES 3 In March Arrested By JAMES BONNEY GREENWOOD, Miss. (AP) "We want black power! We want black power!" the l.OOC Negroes chanted it again and again. On the back of a truck, facing them on a lighted baseball field Thursday night, stood Stokely Carmichael, head of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. He and two others in the Mississippi march had just come from seven hours in jail. "Everybody owns our neighborhood except us," Carmichael roared. "We outnumber the whites in this county; we want black power. That's what we want. Black power!" Carmichael's speech climaxed the most troubled day of the march since James H. Meredith, the first Negro known to have graduated from the University of Mississippi, was shot and wounded June 6. There were these developments: Police jailed Carmichael; Bob Smith, an SNCC worker; and Bruce Baines, an official of the Congress of Racial Equality, when they insisted on erecting the marchers' two huge tents on the grounds of the Stone Street Negro Elementary School. They were charged with trespassing and freed on $100 bond each. Later, the marchers put up the tents in Broad Street Park, defying police who stood by with billy clubs. "I don't care what the white people of Greenwood say, we're going to say in his park tonight," shouted George Raymond of the Freedom Democratic party. Afteer a tense 45 minutes, in which 1,000 people angrily milled about the city gave permission for use of the park. On Mississippi 7 into Green wood, two carloads of white youths drove back and forth alongside the procession, shouting "Look at that black boy walk!" and "You mean that nigger?" Robert Green, the march leader, stopped one car and — pointing to the driver — shouted to highway patrolmen: "We've had enough of that! He's been harassing us. I want this stopped." The patrol ordered the young man — who said he was a student at the University of Alabama — out of the area. Aubrey Jamees Norvell, the man charged with attempting to murder Meredith, was freed from jail at Hernando, Miss., after he posted $23,000 bond. His attorney said Norvell returned to his home in Memphis, Tenn. Gov. Paul B. Johnson Jr. said in Jackson "We are not going to wet nurse a bunch of showmen all over the country," and ordered the patrol contingent that has guarded the marchers for 130 miles to be cut from 20 men to four, "they are using a few people to get out and march in the hot sun," the governor said, See SEGREGATION on Page 5 CANDIDATE, HELPMEET — Guberna- day. His wife was along to assist in the cam- torial Candidate Sam Boyce discussed his paign. (Courier News Photo) candidacy over the coffee cups here yester- Mrs. Sam Boyce Likes Campaign Excitement By Sylvia s pencer Staff Writer "For better and for worse, in sickness and in health, through ;ubernatorial campaigns..." That might well have beeen he wedding vow of Mrs. Jean Joyce, wife of gubernatorial candidate Sam Boyce. She has plunged right into the campaign, setting up and organizing her msband's headquarters in Newport. Now that she has the headquarters running smoothly, he'll hit the campaign trail. She'll be making appearances I for Boyce all over the state, speaking -mostly to- women's clubs and organizations. She's made one television appearance already and will film several more next week and throughout i quarters in Newport, we had big rally," the attractive brunette recalls. "Sam, Jr., had a great time passing out cam. vaign buttons from a little bucket. He really is a good little campaigner. He has no inhibitions and will go up to anyone he sees and tell them to vote for his daddy." * * The campaign has also meant that she sees less of her husband. "Up until now, I've seen very little of Sam. I've been organizing the Newport headquarters while he's been out campaigning, but I hope to see more of him since I've started to hit the trail with him," she added. When Jean and her husband are out campaigning, Boyce's the remaining month of the mother usual 'y stays with the campaign. How does a housewife and mother of three like this kind of life? 'I love it!" she exclaimed enthusiastically while visiting here yesterday. "I enjoy getting out and seeing and meeting people. It's all very exciting." It does mean that she sees less of her children, Sam, Jr., 6; Allison, 3, and Henry, 1. "But they're all excited about the chance to move to Little Rock," she added. "When I get ready to go out, they ask where I'm going. If I tell them it's to campaign, it's all right with them. They're a lot more understanding about me going out to campaign then when I used to tell them I was ;oing to play bridge." The children even want to get into the campaign act. "When we opened our head- Berry Series on Page 14 Picking strawberries may be the most uncomfortable of all stoop labor, Courier News Writer Jack Baker relates in today's story on a day spent with field lands in south Mississippi Coun- Osceola Girl, 12, Drowns Nancy Ann Johnson, a 12- year-old seventh grader at Osceola Junior High School, drowned yesterday in the city's Florida Park municipal swimming pool. Osceola Patrolman Ernest Booth said the girl's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Chester Johnson, reported her missing after she failed to return from an afternoon of swimming at the pool. .Booth said divers found the jody in about 11 feet of water shortly before midnight. Services will be held Sunday at 2 p.m. at Swift Funeral Some chapel of Osceola, with jurial in Bassett Cemetery. The girl leaves her parents. Wr. and Mrs. Chester Johnson of Osceola; Three brothers, Larry, Danny, and Tommy Johnson, all of the home; Two sisters, Paulette and Brenda Kay Johnson, both of he home. children. "It's a lot easier for me : whoever is keeping the chil dren comes to me, instead o me having to take the childre to them," she explained. "It gets pretty frantic when I have to pack for Sam anc me, plus the children. It take every suitcase in the house. An then I have all their dirty clothes to wash as soon as we get home." Though the Boyces don't ge to spend as much time together as they would like, they stil talk things over whenever they get a chance. Mostly it's about the campaign and how it's going "Sam'tells me his ideas which though I'm prejudiced, : think are very good. 1 listen, bu I don't try to tell him what to do. I try to help him more by taking care of secretarial am organizational work," Jean explained. * * * Politics aren't new to Jean. When she first met her husband, she was working in Washington as a secretary for Senator Schoeppel, a Republican from Kansas, while Boyce was working as a congressional aide on the other side. "Our friends in the House and Senate used to tease Sam about making me change parties," she remembers. "But I wasn't even registered to vote. Washington D.C. didn't have the franchise, so the first time I was able to vote was in Arkansas in 1960 — and I voted Democratic," Jean laughed. Experience in politics has given Jean a philosophical attitude about the campaign in general and specifically about criticism directed towards her husband. "It's fun and I enjoy it. As for criticism, I realize when there's something in the paper, whether it's good or bad, at least someone is recognizing what Sam is doing," she says. "It's all a part of the game. You have to learn to accept it and ignore it." CHANDLER JOINS DALE ALFORD CAMP By JOHN R. STARR Associateed Press Writer LITTLE ROCK (AP) - Winston Chandler cast his lot with Dale Alford today and Alford began talking about winning the Democratic gubernatorial primary without a runoff. Chandler announced Thursday that he was withdrawing as a candidate for governor and his joining Alford today caught many observers by surprise. The merger of the Alford and Chandler forces was announced at a news conference at Al- 'ord's headquarters. Chandler, smiling and wear- Ing an apple blossom—the Alford campaign insignia—in his apel, said he did not decide to withdraw until Thursday when reached the conclusion that something has to be done to ?eep the wrong man from winning the Democratic primary. He did not. identify whom he regards as the wrong man, but said, "There is no other man n the race that I could join iorces with." Alford said that his polls showed Chandler was running strong and that Chandler approached him without any strings attached. "If you were so strong, Winston, why didn't you ask Alford o join you?" Chandler was asked. "I did," Chandler replied. "I told him that I was older," Alford said with a laugh. Chandler said that he was not etiring from politics "aria"" that e probably would run for gov- rnor four years from now, ising the campaign material he several times while he was being interviewed by newsmen. "I'm trying to see that a very few people don't control the state," Chandler said. "I don't want anything from the state of Arkansas but good government." Alford said that Chandler would serve as a co-chairman of his campaign and this led his campaign manager, Joe Lee Anderson of Helena, to remark, "I know of no greater thing that could have happened to us." .-::• Alford said that his youth group, Young Citizens for Al. ford, would take over Chandler's campaign space in th« Marion Hotel in Little Rock.;; . iad collected for this campaign. He said that Alford had greed to take up some of the lanks in his platform and Alord said he was particularly nterested in Chandler's en- orsement of free textbooks in igh schools and elimination ol chool fees. AJford called Chandler's join ng him the most significant evelopment of the campaign o date. "We can win without a run- ff," Alford said. Chandler echoed this remark Chandler Alford For Rescues Apollo Will Need Radar Monk Sounds Alarm By GEORGE MCARTHUR SAIGON, South Viet :Nahi (AP) — Radical Buddhists called today for a three^day general strike, but the moderate head of the Buddhist Institute warned that their chaotic, .emotional struggle against the mill- Manufacturer Gives to Fund Officials of the Chamber of ommerce today acknowledged $1,500 donation to the Indus- ial Park Fund from Meyers akery. "It always is gratifying when ne of our manufacturing con- erns helps us in an effort of is sort," a spokesman for the nd stated. "The entire product of Meyers re is shipped out of town. But ey have a civic interest in Meyers' local general mana- r, Dick Watson, is a member the fund solicitation team. By HOWARD BENEDICT AP Aerospace Writer SPACE CENTER, Houston. Tex. (AP)-The Gemini 9 astronauts said today radar will be essential if an Apollo spacecraf las to go to the rescue of two astronauts who have started descent toward the moon anc For some reason decide not to land. Rehearsal of this rescue technique was a major aehievemeni on the three-day space flight oi astronauts Thomas P. Stafford and Eugne A. Cernan earlier this month. Difficulties encountered in the tricky maneuver were disclosed by the astronauts today at a news conference at the Mannd Spacecraft Center. To set up the rendezvous ma- nuver, the Gemini 9 pilots moved their spacecraft to point several hundred miles ahead of and about eight miles above the target — called an ATDA for Augmented Target Docking Adapter. This meant they had to zero in on tiie target from above — trying to spot it against a fast- moving background of land features and clouds. "Without radar we never would have found the ATDA," Stafford said. "It was like a period on a piece of typing paler." And Cernan added: "We lost t visually many times against the very bright reflected ligh: from the earth and especially against .the oceans. "When you're making such a move in an airplane 'you can lose an object in a cloud 01 against a lake, but usually can find it again by looking at thi other end of the cloud or lake But at 17,500 miles an hour don't look at-the other end o the lake. The target will be sev eral hundred miles away." The astronauts said this maneuver provided valuable knowledge for future flights — and especially for Apollo man- to-the-moon flights. The astronauts said they were disappointed that the shrouc failed to disengage from their target satellite. But they addec that its presence actually helped them on another rendezvous manuver that involved finding the target without radar. Unable to dock with the ATDA, the astronauts backed about II miles away from the :arget and practiced a. rendezvous that simulated the loss of radar. "Sunlight and moonlight re- 'lecting off the white shroud really helped us," Cernan said. 'It helped us determine what we can see in reflected moon- light—somfiiing we didn't know before. We couldn't see the silver on the main body of the target, but could easily see the white." BULLETIN SAIGON (AP) - A Buddhist girl set herself aflame tonight in an abortive suicide attempt as extermist elements kept up antigov- eminent demonstrations d&r spite a •warning that the fate of the Buddhist Church was at stake. iiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiHiiiiiniiiiiiiiniiiiiiiinii tary regime may bring the collapse of the church. " As violence continued in Saigon for the fiftti, consecutive day, Thich Tarn Chau issued his appeal from a secret hideaway after he abandoned the be^ leaguered Buddhist institute compound to more militant monks. His statement, published by the progovernment press but ignored' by Buddhist papers, was a stern rebuke for the disorders in Saigon and in the northern Buddhist stronghold of Hue. Whether his words could stem :he wave of unrest fomented by he militant monks seemed doubtful. A mob of 1,000 chanted antigovernment slogans and lis- ened to denunciations of the regime over loudspeakers inside he Buddhist Institute compound on the outskirts of Saigon. Riot i61ice kept the area firmly hot- led up. An eight-foot caricature f President Johnson hung from a fence along Hie compound. Nearby, the Buddhists set .fira three American vehicles, in- luding a U.S. Embassy-jeep. Others spilled debris in the treets and shouted insults at See VIET NAM on Page 5 Free-W keeling Diplomacy Rampant Nationalism Eroding World's Power Structure By WILLIAM L. RYAN AP Special Correspondent Resurgent nationalism threatens today to frustrate efforts of both the United States and the Soviet Union to keep their alliances intact, and threatens in the long run to shatter the concept of big military blocs. In both the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the Warsaw Pact, pressures of national interests are producing rips in the fabrics of what once were tightly knit associations. Because of the problems of the twe greatest powers, each with its own restless and balky allies, long-entrenched ideas •bout cold war are being seriously challenged. A jolt to NATO, produced by President Charles de Gaulle of France, and the increasingly wide chasm between the Soviet Union and Communist China are opening doors to free-wheeling diplomacy by the allies of both big powers. For many years after World War II, Europe was the main front of a cold war between the United States and the U.S.S.R. Now, in the background, is an emergent China, historically contemptuous of all foreigners, developing rapidly into a military-nuclear power. Before long, China may control the balance between war and peace. This is giving an entirely new look to the cold war, so far as Europe is concerned. Statesmen today are reflecting that real threats to peace in the future are not going to be inside Europe, but outside, in the hungry, underdeveloped nations of Asia and Africa. Europe, East and West, feels tbe impact of this sort of thinking. * + * Today, nations which under Communist rule long occupied the roles of docile Moscow satellites are becoming balky. The existence of another poll of Communist authority, Red China, has encouraged this. Red Chinese Premier Chou En-lai now is in Romania for a week's visit. He lost no time in cheering the Romanians on In what he called "defense of the the | independence of their country." Romania's Communist party chief, Nicolae Ceausescu, has questioned Soviet leadership of East Europe. He said in a speech Wednesday that the notion of Moscow guidance of all Communist parties had become obsolete. Romania is to the Soviet-dominated Warsaw Pact military alliance in the East what France is to NATO in the West, an irritating ttiorn in the side of the dominant big power. In the West, .De Gaulle has judged U. S. domination of NATO as an- affront to French sovereignty. In the East, Ceau- sescu has declared all military blocs to be anachronistic and "incompatible with independ- ence and national sovereignty." Romania is seeking closer trade and other contacts with the West, including the United States, and a loosening of the Soviet tie. Its activities are being watched with fascination by the rest of the European Red bloc. France is making its own direct approach to the Soviet Union. De Gaulle goes to Moscow next week, where he may make his independent pitch to the zhnev hustle off to Bucharest in May on a secret mission, shortly after Ceausescu indicated balkiness over Soviet plans to strengthen Moscow control over the Warsaw Pact. The Americans are just as concerned about what is going on in France — and about new manifestations from West Germany. Along with De Gaulle's various activities — including his departure from the NATO military organization — these Russians for an understanding activities could represent yet a on Europe's future. This might new tear In the fabric. include proposals on German reunification and on the reduction of U.S. influence In Europe. The Russians have been worried enough about Romania to have party chief Leonid I. Ere- Rainer Barzel, deputy chairman of West Germany's ruling Christian Democratic Union and an heir apparent to Chancellor Ludwig Erhard, said In a speech prepared for delivery in Wash- ington that "In a reunited Germany, and. within the framework of a European security system, there might even be room for troops of the Soviet Union." He proposed economic and political lures for the Russians in exchange for giving up an independent Communist state of East Germany for a reunified Germany. This has been billed as a major foreign policy statement, but the Erhard government disassociated itself from Barzel's remarks. Nevertheless, the words could have strong impact. Soviet policy has centered on tbe idea of European security and keeping German fingers away from a nuclar trigger. For the foreseeable future, the Russians might not be willing to surrender East Germany to such an arrangement, but Hie idea would have powerful attractions. In addition, the Russians might seek ways of iusihg this sort of idea as a lever in further attempts to loosen the See NATOINALISM on Page S iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiinniiniiniiniiiiiiiinni Weather Forecast Partly cloudy with little temperature change .oday and tonight. Saturday clear to partly cloudy and warm. Highs today 78 to 86. Lows tonight 54 to 60. High Saturday 84 to 90. Outlook Sunday partly cloudy and warm.
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