WEATHER rOR TODAY: FAIR. Max. 74, Mln. i6; Wind west, clear. Arizona nd New Mexico Sutnrri and" probably Sunday, fair; same tcm- perature. , ON FINAL VOTE THOUSAND' SGHN iPAWITWSll REJECTS TREATY Star To Be Delivered By! oseTeaehers' U nion Candidates Opp i - M'GULLOUGH 1 IN FIR" rnni The Oriole Beady To Take Wiig BETTER PAY IE AGHERS mat FORI E UNI Both Local Aspirants for School Trustee Express Belief That Teachers' Union Is Detriment To Welfare of the Children ANSWER TRADE COUNCIL QUESTION BEFORE ASKED Scale of Wages Which Takes No Consideration of Merit Also Deprecated; Both Urge General Betterment of Teacher's Lot Although the local union labor political machinery Witt not have been organized when the election la held for school truee, March 27. that election will mark the entry of the unions, aa a political group, into politics In Tucson. The Tuc-' lon Central Trade Council, at its last meeting, selected committee to wait upl B. Z- McCollough nd Moe -Dracb-men, candidates for school trustee, to put them on record on the question of unionizing- the public school system. The school teachers' union was recently organized by labor union organizers, and Is affiliated with trie Central Trades Council. The Trades Councfl will have to look further for some one to carry the union banner In the election next Saturday, on the platform of the unionization of the public school system, for both Mr. Drachman and Mr. McCollough. in response to a request by The Star for a statement of their attitude, declared themselves opposed to the unionization of the public school system. McCollough's Attitude E. Z. McCollough said yesterday he would later issue a formal statement of his platform and that he would touch upon the question of the principle of "unionizing the teachers in the public schools. "I have already discussed with inter ested parties the matters in which the teachers of the public schools are especially Interested," said McCollough, "and I find that I am not only in agreement with what they stand for, but that In some cases 1 would go further than they. Briefly, I may say that I am in favor of adequate salaries for teachers, as I have recently declared In The Star; that I favor twelve month's employment contracts, and that I favor giving teachers due notice when their Services are to be dispensed with or are to be retained. I also favor putting school teachers under civil ' service and making their employment secure so long aa they give satisfactory service. Disapprove Teachers' Unions "However, I do not believe it is gooi Policy to unionize the teachers of the Puhllc schools. A strike or artisans Injures only the employe and the employer largely, but a strike of teachers would Injure the children of the community. The danger of unionizing the teachers lies In the fact that it might develop Into an orthodox union that relied on the strike to enforce its demands. 1 would make the teacher's lot, financially, i auch that they would be able to always ' Place the emphasis on the Interests of j the child, rather than upon their own j material interests. Efficiency 4I Aim "I am also opposed to making an arbitrary wage scale, for school teachers regardless of merit. I . believe in the ? rewarding of meritorious work and am opposed to any wage scale which would have the effect of putting a premium on Inefficiency. I would aim at efficiency rather than standardization of pay." "So, while I am :n Tavor of the things which the teachers' union desires and In some things would go even farther than they toward ameliorating their con- 4 V , ' -it. TREATY BATTLE RUSSIAN ROYALISTS mm FOR REVOLUTION IS FORGED INTO i9mi WHICH FAILED IS DISCOVERY Picture of Oriole plane of the Arizona Aviation company of Tucson, with Pilot Howard Davis at the wheel, in rear, and General Manager R; E. Fishburn, of the company, in the passenger seat in front. This .plane will deliver the Arizona 'Daily Star today to subscribers along the Southern Pacific right-of-way between Tucson and Willcox and at Saffprd five hours in advance of normal mail delivery. SHOWER OF'STARS'TO FALL OVER SOUTHEAST ARIZONA THIS MORNING AS TUCSON'S LEADING NEWSPAPER IS SHOT TO READERS FROM THE AIR Arizona Daily Star To Make Journalistic History in the Southwest As First Newspaper to Be Delivered By Airplane to Subscribers Over Regular Route; Oriole Leaves With Copies of Paper For Safford and Way Points This Morning (Continued on Page Five.) OUR SUBSCRIBERS Will confer a favor on us by reporting any irregularity in delivery of The Star. If your paper is late, not placed in the proper place or if the boy happens to overlook you phone 90. OUR SPECIAL MOTOR CYCLE SERVICE WILL BRING ONE TO YOUR DOOR. 4 "The year the stars fell" is still vividly remembered by some Arizona old timers, and it became a mile-post of time by which subsequent events were reckoned. The last great meteor shower occurred In 18G6. There will be another shower of Stars this morning over southeastern Arizona, when the Arizona Daily Star will be shot to its subscribers along a given route, from an aeroplane, and It will mark an epoch in the delivery of newspapers In Arizona. It undoubtedly heralds the coming of the day when newspapers will be whisked by aeroplane from the roofs of newspaper buildings direct to subscriber, while the fragrant printer's ink is still moist. By an arrangement with the Arizona Aviation company. The Star will be delivered this morning to its subscribers at V'ilmot, Vail, Pan-tano, Catalina, Benson. Dragoon, Cochise. Wilcox and Safford, by airplane. The carrier-plane will be piloted by Howard Davis, one of the company's reliable pilots, and R. E. Fish-burn, general manager of the company, will go along to direct the distribution of the paper. The plane will leave Tucson at ID o'clock this morning and the papers for subscribers at destination. Safford. will be delivered to subscribers five hours earlier than they normally receive them. The distance of the trip; as routed, is about one hundred and forty miles. The plane will follow the Southern Pacific right-of-way as far as Wilcox, where it will circle north and make Safford as the last stop. The carrier-plane is an Oriole. It will be the first time in the history of the southwest thatan airplane has delivered newspapers to subscribers on a definite route. The papers will be regularly labeled in The Star's mailing department and will be wrapped with a thin wire to prevent them from being unfolded by the wind in falling, and each paper will bear the imprint "Delivered by Airplane." It is probable that subscribers to The Star at the places a'ong the carrier-plane's route will want to keep their copy of the paper as a souvenir. The plane will not stop to make deliveries, as it is desired to deliver the papers to subscribers without unnecessary delay, but the oriole will sweep close to the ground and throw the bundles agents. I Thu erinJo, charge, will take part In a program at Safford Sunday, by giving flights , over the Gila valley town and en- vlrons. Thcr..' will be a program of horne racing and a baseball game. ' The program will be under the auspices of the Safford Athletic association, of which D. U Ridgway is president. Pilot Howard Davis served two ' years In the air service of the United States, one year as an instructor, and in all of his service never had an accident or damaged a plane, a record of efficiency that few bird-men can equal. Pilot Davis has just been appointed a first lieutenant of the aviation section signal officers reserve corps, which gives him the privilege of flying all government planes at any government field. R. B. Fishburn is the dean of aviation enthusiasts in Arizona and was the moving spirit in the organization of the pioneer commercial aviation company. It was largely through his efforts that the Tucson aviation field was established and placed at the service of the government .and for his work he was given the courtesy of a flight to Douglas and return, recently, in an army airplane. Mr. Fishburn will carry a letter from Mayor O. C. Parker of Tucson to Mayor Owens of Safford. said to be the first official greeting ever sent from qne Arizona mayor to another, by airplane. Resident of Winkleman Blows Heart From Body With Stick of Dynamite , (Special To. The Star) Wlnkelman, Arl., March . Charlei Lux, of this city, was killed today by the explosion of a stick of dynamite. The charoe blew out the man's heart and otherwise mutllllated the body. Lux Is believed to have ended his own life. He had been despondent lately because of his falling health, being deaf and partly blind, and because of undemuneratlve oil and mine investments. He was 56 years of age and a native of Germany. Over 1,000 Already Dead at Kiel, Where Fighting Is Still Progressing; Hundreds Dead In Berlin and Hun Capital Still in Chaos; Baltic Troops Quit City But Dig In On Its Outskirts ; 1 A T-, .1 A ' t , T TT-. f .' . ,1 Peace Pact, After Rejection by a ' c va. w o 0 7 ' ;,m T.V.i . xrL.-! killed at Kiel. It is said the situation there is grave. The com- oem to Wilson wun a nuutc, . j . . . , , o j ij i. , Senate's Action is Final One ! !st aArC rep-?ed l1" hea dwf . in Saf "3f and.West- I phaha. A soviet republic has been proclaimed at Chemnitz and Washington, March i9.-The treaty of l piauen. At Leipsic the workmen and the bourgeoise parties are Versailles failed of ratmcation for the! sai(j t have come tQ a agreement. fourth time tonight and then the senate! . . , - , . . . , voted to aend it back to President wn-j The communists continue masters of the situation at Bochum, son with a notification that it had! Dortmund arid Gelsenkirchen, but have been badly beaten at Solin-fmaiiy "refused to advise and consent gen ani Elberfeld, where they put 5000 men in line. to its ratification." . j on the decisive roil can, the vote was, Stuttgart, March 19. (By the Associated Press.) The Baltic 49 for ratification and 35 against, the . ' . .. v, 7 . . . , ' , opposition numbering in its rank 20 troops retiring from Berlin have entrenched themselves at the Zoo-Democrats who were unwilling to seethe logical gardens and at Charlottenburg, on the west side of Berlin, treaty go through with the Republican j according to Reliable reports received here today. reservations, objected to by the presi-1 . T : London, March 19.-T wo weeks before the revolt in Berlin, Democrats auit the presidents lead and says a wireless dispatch from Moscow, a secret conference was voted for ratification, but the defection failed by seven votes of providing: the two-thirds requisite to latlfy. Goes Into Political Campaign The result was regarded everywhere In the capitol as having put over into tho political campaign for decision the long and "bitter fight between the chief executive ana the senate majority.. A move to reconsider the vote and try one 3 more to- ratify collapsed ia- its inception, eaJ-ers on b&th sides nrieinlht f itrthef ratification .efforts would be a waste of time as long as the senate membersVp remains as it is. ) . Whether the president would return the treaty to the senate remained undetermined, but the Republicans served notice that if he did, it would repose for many weeks to come in a committee plg-jrushed thithtr In armored cars, held in Berlin between the supporters of Dr. Wolfgang Kapp.and representatives of the Russian "black hundreds," the latter including Alexander J. Guckoff and Prince Volkonsky. Copenhagen, March 19. One hundred the Baltic force which invaded Berlin, to persons were killed and more than 200 halt. - A crowd surrounded thee ar and others wounded in collisions In various the officers opened fire with revolvers quarters of Berlin . Thursday, according on civilians. An armored motor car ap-to advices from the German capital. ' It peared upon the scene and soldiers in It li declared that In the Suburb of Sohoen,.;' jthrew hand grenades into the officers' emburftpts efflcer of th BMtTo troept car arid 'simultaneously the police fired wore literally trampiod to fleafth.j ." wlth.thclr rifles upon it. The. three of- fleers fell 'dead and the others toppled Berlin, .March 19. Essen surrendered oyeri wounded.: , Unter Den Linden was this afternoon to armed workmen after crowded at the time and the explosions violent fighting In which It Is estimated, of the erenailea caused a panic. Six that three hundred persons were killed. clvmans were WOUnded by the burMlnn It is reported that communists have oc mlssllt.s and wcre taken for m,.tii, s! alll eupled five railroad stations to the east, tQ the Hote, AdIon rtf - Rnrlln anrl - that trhi.ni am tmtnn t ill KILLS H I London, March 20. The lord mayor of Cork was shot dead at 1 o'clock this morning. The revolver was fired by masked persons whose Identity Is nknown. They entered his residence, and after firing the shot, escaped In an automobile. Five German Warships Alloted United States eonhole. In the vote of 47 to 37 by which the senate washed its hands of the subject and sent the treaty to the White House, the Republican leaders had tho support of the mild reservationiBts as well as the lrreconcilables of their party, while the democrats voted almost solidly in opposition. To Declare State Of Peace The next stop planned by the senate majority is a declaration of a Btate of penre to relieve the nation of the war stati'.s whi-h the Democrats maintain can be ended only by the treaty's ratification. A fight on that proposal proba bly will begin when the senate recon-j venes Monday. Is Second Ratification f-allure The roll call on ratification came four months, almost to the hour, after the failure of three attempts at ratification on November 19. On that occasion, thei greatest strength developed for ratification with the Republican reservations was forty-one votes, only seven Democrats voting with the Republicans in the affirmative. The vote against was fifty -one, made up of 13 Republicans and 38 Democrats. Tonight's roll call fol lows: How Vote Stood For the resolution: Republicans Ball, Calder, Capper, Colt, Curtis, Dillingham. Edg,e, Elkins, Frelinghuysen, Hale, Jones (Washing ton), Kellogg, Berlin, March 19. Reports have been ' received of an extreme radical movement ! in Saxony and the adjacent parts of Thurlngla. Pour hundred delegates attended a congress of workers' councils of those dtstrlcts at Chemnitz yesterday. With only two dissenting votes, they passed resolutions demanding trie disarmament and dlsbandment of the regular troops, the security guard and the volun-' teers; the fo.'mation of workmen's guards under control of the workers' councils; the organization of revolutionary employes and workers' councils; the con vocation of a central soviet congress; line estaoiisnmeni or revolutionary courts to try Dr. Kapp, General von Luettwitz and their supporters, the release of all political prisoners and payment for time lost during the general strike. Stuttgart, March 19., (By the Assa. elated Press) Premier Bauer. Dr. Hermann Mueller, minister of foreign affairs, and Herr Gelsberts, minister of posts and telegraphs, left for Berlin on a special government train at 8.10 o'clock tonight. Senate Confirmation of Colby Now Looked For Washington. March 19. Action of the senate' foreign relations committee today in reporting favorably the nomination of Bainbridge Colby to be secretary of state wes expected to lead to confirmation by the senate early next week. Chairman Lodge of the committee was understood to have planned to call the nomination up Monday, but it appeared possible action might be delayed by the aftermath of lite treaty fight. Washington, March Five German surrendered warships allocated to the i:nlted States under the armtlstice terms, a battleship, a cruiser and three destroyers, will be brought to this country next month, it was announced today by the navy department.. Under the supreme council agreement, the ships must be destroyed within a year after arrival here. Tha cruiser Frankfurt and three destroyers, now at Rosyth, Scotland, will be. towed over by three mine sweepers l and a transport which will sail for Scot land arly in April to bring them back. The battleship is the Ostriesland, 22.400 BERLIN IN CHAOS Berlin, March. 19. (By The Asssociated Press.) Berlin has not yet succeeded in emerging from the chaos resulting from the Kapp revolt a week ago and its sub sequent failure. Although most of all, If not all. of the troons which formed Kcnyon, Keyes, Lenroot, i the backbone of the revolt have left the Lodge, McLean, McNary, New. Page. Phipps, Smoot, Spencer, Sterling;, Sutherland, wadsworth, Warren and Watson Total 28. Democrats Ashurst, Beckham, Chamberlain, Fletcher, Gore. Henderson, Ken-drick. King. Myers, Nugent, Owen, Phe- city proper, disorders continued spasmodically Thursday night, and Friday. Many additional casualties, both In killed and wounded, ocourrcd. Mob Murders Officers A number of persons were killed or maimed in front of the Hotel Adlon in lan, Pittman, Pomerene, Ransdell, Smith i further shooting and three officers were (Georgia), Smith (Maryland), Tram-' shot to death and another mortally mell, Walsh (Massachusetts), and Wal-jh (Montana)i and Wolcott. Total, 81. j Total for ratification, 49. " Against: Republicans Borah, Brandcgee, Fer-nald, France, Gronna, Johnson (Califor nia), Knox, ' LaFollette, McCormick tons, built in 1911. and second line ship , Moses. Norrls and Sherman 12. during the war. Commissioner Arrested In N. Y. Police Scandal wounded today by security police at the Brandenburg gate. The police ordered an automobile bearing the officers, who formation of tho were reported to have been members of dictatorship. South Reports from cities and towns in various parts of Germany teil of continued operations by radicals, but in South Germany the radical movement seemingly is waning and workmen are returning to their jobs., The expectation had been that President Ebert and his faithful ministers would arrive In Berlin today to Join Gus-tav Noske, minister of defense, and Dr.. Schiffer, minister of justice, and aid them in their efforts to stabilize tho situation. Information from Stuttgart, however,, l:i to the effect that the departure of the Ebert government to the capital has been postponed and that its appearance here cannot be expected before Sunday, and possibly not until next Tuesday. According to present plans, the national assembly members will leave Stuttgart in time to attend a meeting of the assembly in Berlin, Tuesday. Berlin Strike Still On Hope had been entertained that with the overthrow of the short-lived Kapp regime conditions resembling, even In a pinall measure, those prevailing In normal times, might return, but most of the strikeds in Berlin continued today to be absent themselves from their posts. Consequently, the population still was experiencing difficulty In obtaining supplies. Until the disturbed railroad situation again is brought to normal, the situation will remain acute. Some of the railroads have mado attempts to resume service, but their efforts have not proved altogether successful. A One train is reported to have arrived In Cologne from Berlin this morning, tho Journey having been without Incident. Another train reached Frankfort from ' Berlin but a train from Lignits found tho track torn up at Enfurt and could not reach the capital. This morning, Spartacan placards were seen in various parts of the city. These accused Noske of responsibility in the Kapp-von Luettwitz TEXAS STEVEDORES STRIKE New York, March 19. Third Deputy Police Commissioner Porter was indicted today by the grand Jury which has been Investigating police methods in connection with the suppression of vice. He is charged with neglect ol duty. A bench warrant was issued for his arrest and he was notified to surrender. Porter's indictment followed the appearance before the grand jury of Patrol -j men Wheelright and Sorger who after j two years' duty as detectives were trans- overboard to waiting wiih lilt Davis In Galveston. Tex.. March 19. Sixteen hundred coast-wise longshoremen, em- t ployed by the Morgan and Mallory lines were on strike here tonieht. anoarenUv ; fmd in ngtml riiitv mmt Vr-iA J in sympathy wish the strike ef New York! . In statements to Assistant District At- ''' forces In the occupied territory of dock workers. So far. no demands havejtorney Smith, they told of raiding a Germany and the scope of operations of been submitted by the men. steamship! house in the upper west side last No- Ihe Americana under the terms of the Democrats Comer. Culberson, Dial, Oay, Glass. Harris, Harrison Hitchcock,! (Continued on Page Five.) " Wilson Asked Status Of U. S. Army on Rhine Washington. March 19. A resolution asking President Wilson how far the activities of the American troops In the occupied Rhine provinces may be directed without his express orders was introduced today by Representative Kahn, .chairman of the military committee. In asking for the "exact status" of the force, the resolution 'also inquired as to the extent of the authority of Marshal Forh as commander-in-chief of the al- "TRIFLERS" AT STATE UNIVERSITY ARE SCORED BY MAJOR BONIFACE officials here said. venilwr. In which. -Porter Was found. I armistice. Students at the university assembly yesterday heard a vigorous denuncia tion of "trlflers" among their number by Major J. J. Boniface. Among the faults'' which Major Boniface said he found among the students at the stare university are: Silly and Immature" boys In the engineering department giggle Instead of working. Many students da not show proficient high school preparation. Many of the students are 'nto'er-nt of restraint and wit'1 to have their own "sweet way." Among the women students he found one whs told him she did nit attend church and the older she grew the less she thougnt of thtm. NeatntM and courtesy are lacking In the student bodv Few of them taka sufficient exer. else and In ten years many would be wrecks unles they did. Too many girls effect the "debutante slouch" and think they look "sweet" In the act. The average student If not open to new Ideas. Too many of the students have not the common decency to return a civil greeting. In pointing out the latter fault. Major Boniface said: "The other day I passed a rosy cheeked girl and thought how fresh and sweet she looked and I tipped my hat. . She iailed past like an Iceberg without a algn of recognition." The major was cheered by the assembly after his address.
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