The Bystander from Des Moines, Iowa on May 3, 1895 · Page 1
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The Bystander from Des Moines, Iowa · Page 1

Des Moines, Iowa
Issue Date:
Friday, May 3, 1895
Page 1
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1 VOL. I. Iowa State Bystander. rUliUMIIICD liVKIty Fill DAY BY THE STANDKII l'UUMSIIINO COMl'ANY. BY- CHARLES S. RUFF, Editor. THADDEUS S. RUFF, Associate Editor. JOSEPH H. SHEPARD, Manager. OFFICIAL I'AI'KK OK THE AFHO-AMKMCAN PROTKCTIVK ASSOCIATION OF IOWA. OFFICIAL L'AL'KLL OF TIIE MOST WOBSIIIPB'UL UXITK.I) GUAN'D LODGE OF IOWA, A. F. 4 A. M. TE11MS OF aUBSCI'.IPTIOJF. One year $1.50 Six months 75 Three months .go ^'J'jC'-'jptionH jiay ablei &Jvanc« OFFICE: KKOISTKK THIRD FLOOB. Hue., Send money by postottico order, money order, express or draft, to THE IOWA STATE BYSTANDER Publishing Company. Communications ninst be written on one side of the paper only and be of interest to the public. "Brevity is the soul of wit," remember. We will not return rejected manuscript unless accompaniod by postage stamps. i®1" All correspondence and communications must be signed by the persons writing the same. All entertainments, concerts, festivals, etc., for which an admission fee is charged, will be published at the rate of cents per line for each insertion. Lists of presents for anniversaries, weddings, etc., will be charged extra. DfiLY ^FRO-AMERICAN RERUBLiCAN PAPER III IOWA, CDKKKSi'OXDKXTS ANI» AUKXTS. ALMA—1". S. JONES. IJOOXE—FRED ANTHONY. 15URLIXGTON WM. SHACKELFORD. DAVENPORT—MRS. R. RICHARDSON. GALESI5URG, 11.!..—MISS MAY F. RUFF. KEOSAUQUA—M R. DETWILER. KEOKUK—MRS G. C, BANNISTER. NEWTON—MISS ESSIE MOORE. OTTUMWA—W. S. PAGE. OSKALOOSA MISS LUCY I5UCKNER. SIOUX CITY—MISS JOSEPHINE PROTHAU. MT. PLEASANT—MISS MAUDE DORTCII. PEKAY—MRS. A. SAWFOOT. Durant the rapist and murderer yet lives, and may assume his place in society. How fortunate he is white! Public improvements are going on nicely. Paving and curbing bids are being received. There will soon be work for all. The Negro Democrat convention be held in St. Louis was postponed account of small-pox among some the delegates. The Des Moines Leader is opposed to lynch law in all forms. We hope the Leader will continue to be on the side of law and order. It has not always b?en so. Nine out of ten who find fault with the active members of a party or a race have nothing to offer that will make the situation better. Stop grumoling and go to work in the interest of general good. Armed Negroes patroled the streets of Forsythe. (in., a member of their race was shot by the sheriff without provocation. The Negroes must defend themselves, meet force with force and law with law. Florida legislators passed a law at this session prohibiting Macks and whites from being educated together. Are the wise men of that state afraid the comparison will not redound to the credit of the Caucasian? A Negro is "guilty until he is proven innocent" but the southern method prevents him from attempting to prove his innocence. A Caucasian is "innocent until proven guilty" and a good lawyer will some times make a jury overrule a preponderance of evidence of guilty. Does any one presume that Durant, the devout California Sunday school superintendent. Christian and murderer, would have been permitted to live long enough to have the coroner and grand jury investigate his doings and then "enter a probable plea of insanity if he had been a Negro? The sooner Negroes learn that those who represent them should have character as well as talent the better it will be for all concerned. In times gone by men have assumed the role of leadership whose public lives have been a disgrace and whose private careers were disgusting in the extreme. Men who lj»ad dual lives should be taught theii proper places. The city council passed an ordinance fixing gas rates at ?1.30 for illuminating gas and SI.oo for fuel. The rate seems equitable. The gas company will go into court. (las, street car, and water corporations have retarded the growth of Des Moines by their voracity. The time has come when the people should pay a reasonable pro lit on these inijareunents and no more. The Negroes of Iowa should avail themselves of the privileges they have and which members of the same race are deprived of by the 1 emoeratic party in the south and north. Attend the primaries, put good men on the delegations and work for the best interests of your race, your country and your party. Staying- ut home will win no laurels, nor will it assist in relieving the existing conditions in the south. The Republican state convention will meet in Des -Moines July 10, lS0.r». There will be l,fir.'2 delegates. The ollieers to be nominated are governor, lieutenant-governor, judge of supreme Court, superintendent of public instruction and railroad commissioner. Senator Vorhees is taking an active part in the Waller affair and called at the White House for the purpose of doing what he could for the protection of an American citizen abroad. The United States minister has received instructions from the state department to investigate the affair thoroughly. Some Republican papers will yet be ashamed of their uncalled for attack upon Waller and the judgment passed before any of the facts in the case were known even in Washington. The strenuous opposition of the Negroes and Negro papers of the country has brought the managers of the Atlanta exposition to a realization of the importance of giving the Negrotdecent treatment and an opportunity to make a respectable exhibit. As it was first, planned the exposition would show the inferiority of the Caucasian and the utter superiority of the Negroes at this exposition. There is no use submitting to everything without op position. The .Negroes have done that too long for their own good. The Negroes of Cuba are making gallant fight for freedom against odds. The death of Jen. Maceo was a sad blow to their cause. The conflict in that coun try is irrepressible and freedom must come sooner or later. Therein Cnbacan be found an object lesson for the Negroes of the United States. When a Negro is attacked by a mob let him see howmany he can take over the river Jordan with him and lynching will be checked Mobs are not made up of men willing to take an equal chance with the victim of losing his life. It is composed of cowards. OPINIONS ON VAKIOl'S SlIUKCTS. The Freed men's Aid and Southern Educational Society of the M. E. Church in its annual statement last year reports 4(5 institutions maintained in the south with 473 teachers and 8,"25 students: property valued at .51.800,000 expenditures, S22S»,004.09 appropriation. §270,000: debt?, £190.000, to meet which 5 per cent bonds will be issued, and also valuable unused laud may be sold. Savannah (Ga.) Tribune: What has the Negro commissioners of the Atlanta Exposition done to prevent the exhibition. iD the white department, of the degrading theory showing the evolution of the Negro from the baboon to the standard of mankind illustrated by themselves? The degredation is to be shown to please the "cracker and the Buckra." Will the Negro commissioners let the people know something about the matter? The people want those appointed as their representatives to do their full duty. Parsons P.lade: The Leavenworth Herald is rejoicing over the victory for the colored people of Leavenworth in the appointment of a councilman and the city physician. We can but rejoice with it, for a step favorable always makes us feel happy. The Herald worked constantly and earnestly for its people's recognition, and it should not become an unforgotten fact in the minds of every colored citizen in the community. Topeka. the capital city, has a colored man for deputy city attorney, another break in the mist before the professional Negro. Georgia Speaker: The white man, though he be ever so poor, to his race he is a white man, and therefore, in general terms, he gets the benefits of decisions and co-operation It is not so with the Negro. He is unfaithful to himself, to others and to his common concerns. Among fthe greatest hindrances to the Negro's success is a lack of unity and pride. In all the ways of life he seperates himself from the really good and successful procedure, and seems to prefer single handedness, regardless of his inability to do. and the consequence is he comes out far short of success. Des Moines Leader. Dein: Alabama seems determined to keep ahead of Ohio in the matter of lynching Negroes, and on Saturday night live, two men and three women, were strung up near Greenville. What vindicationcf justice was it to take shivering and shrinking wretches and to punish one crime commit another? Out upon these blotches upon American civilization whatever their locus may be. They are outrages as to which no condemnation can be too severe. Such crimes are infinely more injurious than any private one. Community corruption is a greater evil than individual corruption. There are no llies on Senator Thos. C. Piatt. Through his influence the following Negroes have been appointed to paying positions in New York state, namely, two janitors in the senate at per day. two janitors in the assembly chamber at S" per day. three messengers to the senate. Miss Chapman as stenographer and type writer. Under the superintendent of buildings twentyeight colored Americans, at a salary of $40 per month each, have been appointed. Charles P. Lee. secretary of the municipal civil service board, examines all applicants for ollices in Rochester. N. Y. In the otlk-e of the treasurer of the great state of New York the chief clerk is a colored man. Charles W. Anderson. Hurrah for Ham! Long live Tl omas C. Piatt. The Negroe may be slightly disfigured, but is still in the rinsr. A. M. I.ITKItAKV. Open address, Mrs. John Allen: select reading, I'has. Woods: oration. A. L. Bell: question box. E. G. McAfee: journal. Miss Zella Davis and Miss Bessie Stewart: running debate. ••Resolve that women should have the right of suffrage and government." OTrUAUVA NEWS Sjtecial Corrr.i))tiirileiir Iowa St'ite Bystander. Mrs. W. K\ Watts and daughter Maud, returned home Monday evening from liluumfiulrt where they attended the graduating exercises lust Friday, and visited relatives over Sunday. They report a nice time. Miss Grace Capart came home with them. Rev. T. \V. Lewis, of Mt. Pleasant, who was in the city over Sunday assisting Rev. Taylor in the quarterly meeting. He preached two able sermons in the morning and evening. The attendance was good all day and the services exceptionally good. Rev. Lewis also conducted quarterly conference Monday evening. The last Sunday Second Baptist Sunday school elected delegates to the Snnday school convention which meets in this city in June. They are as follows: Miss Maud Watts, Mrs. D. H. Johnson, Messrs. J. IJ. Cooper, Win. Doney and Mr. itehel. Rev. Rhiaeliart will leave Friday evening for 'Washington. Miss Ada Ilenson who has -en residing in the city of Chicago for nearly a year, returned home Saturday for a short visit, being with Mrs. Maggie Hunter- She thinks she likes the metropolitan city much better than she does inland towns, and will make that her future home. Ottumwa people feel at quite a loss to give her up. Mrs. 15. Fields who has been suffering along time from the effects of the grippe, is much improved. Mrs. J. 15. Cooper who has been suffering for along time from the effects of a paralytic stroke received a long time ago, is slowly improving. She has the sympathy of her many friends. Rev. Lomax returned home Monday evening from Mystic and left Tuesday morning for Des .Moines. He will probably be gone some time. Rev. P. Taylor went to Clinton on business Tuesday. Margaret Ethel, (laughter of Mr. and Mrs. William Hell, living on Park avenue. east of the city cemetery, died Sunday afternoon. Her age was 8 years, 8 months and 18 days. Funeral services were held at the house Tuesday morning at 1(1 o'clock, conducted by Rev. Father Father McCarvel. of St. Marj-'s Roman Catholic church. The family have the sympathy of their many friends. The musical and literary concert given at the A. M. E. church Tuesday evening under the management of Thomas North, was a novel affair. The participants did great honor to themselves, as they all performed well. The solos sung by Win. Weeks and J. E. Moslev deserve special mention. Miss Ollie Smith sang a beautiful solo, which brought forth much applause. The chorus singing was excellent. The platform was handsomely decorated with rich colors, with a nice arch beautifully trimmed with tissue paper, all of which was the handiwork of Mr. North. There are many other features about this entertainment worthy of note, but for lack of space we cannot meDtiOn them. Rut to say the least it was a grand affair, and much credit is due Mr. North for its success. The I. 1$. W. C. R. met at the pleasant home of Mrs. .1. Meadows, of South Ottumwa, last Friday afternoon at 2:30 o'clock, with the president in the chair. The meeting was opened by singing No. 35. Gospel li vmns: prayer by chaplain, Mrs. P. P. Taylor. After the regular order of business was disposed of. the program, which had been previously arranged, was carried out. Reading of "Rlack Phalanx" by the vice president: United States history lesson, led by Mrs. II. Owens, after which all present retired to the dining room, where a delicious lunch was served. The society will meet with Mrs. 11. Owens next Friday. The Adelphiliteary society met last week and rendered a very nice program to an appreciative audience. The principal feature of the evening was the contest on original essays, the contesting parties being Mrs. Mary J. Scott and Mr. Mitchell. Judges were chosen to pass on the papers, after which they were read by contestants. The judges then retired and were out about ten minutes, when they returned with a decision in favor of Mrs. Scott. The president, Mr. Hopkins, then presented her with a nice book, which she received with the compliments of the society. The society will discuss the monetary question this week. The cozy residence ofMr. and Mrs. J. W. Fields was. on last Thursday evening, April 2"th, made the scene of one of the finest social gatherings in Ottumwa's history. The occasion was to assist Mr. John Davis in spending his 25th birthday. There were present about nine couples After all had gathered and had spent a few moments in social chat, the attention of each and everyone was given to Mr. Joseph Hopkins while he made a few brief remarks upon the occasion, dwelling mainly upon the good traits of Mr. Davis. He was followed by Messrs. Solomou Davis and J. E. Woseley, after which, with a beautiful solo by Mrs. Fields, the source of entertainment was changed to progressive conversation. Refreshments were served in three courses. Mr. Davis received many beautiful presents and he made a beautiful speech of appreciation. At a late hour all departed for their homes, after wishing Mr. Davis many more such birthdays. FORT DOIKiK ITEMS. Sjieeial Ctrrespondnice to Iowa State Bystander. Our little church is getting along nicely since we called Rev. Burton March 24th. We have good attendance and also have organized a literary and is progressing. Officers elected: Miss Lucy Kennett. president: Miss ennie Taylor, vice president: Miss lulia Kennett, secretary: M. M. Gordon, treasurer. Henry Wright is on the sick list. Charles Cox has been suffering with his eyes. He is improving. Henry Yamerbal has built him anew house. The young Mian. Rev. M. /I. I'.urton, seems to be quite interested in the race in trying to lead them out into the light of knowledge. N KWTON NOTKS Special CorresjHDideuce tn Iowa StatBystander. Lulu Bell Fine has been quite sick for the past four days, butisiigain able to attend school. Mrs. G. A. Brown drove to '.own Sunday ami spent the day. IOWA STATE BYSTANDER Each one of Miss V. Whitsett's Sunday School scholars will teach in succession their class as far as they are competent, when their teacher will finish. Hy the sweet seriousness of the little girls as their turns come, one can readily judge that Miss Virgie is rewarded for her effoft to awaken an interest in her class. William Fine was in Des Moines Sunday, not only to visit but to meet his cousin, Miss Izona Allen. They arrived in Newton Sunday night, where she will make her future home with her mother, Mrs. Duncan. The young people of this city gladly welcome Miss Allen in their midst. Mrs. C. T. Lucas was called to the bedside of a sick friend at Union Mills last Saturday. Messrs. William and Edward Johnson's visit is anticipated soon by their paren's, Mr. and Mrs Fine. The friends of Fred Green sympathize with him in his loss. The watch was a present from his parents at his graduation from the high school. Edward Holliway. of AtcliisoD, Kansas, visited his aunt, Mrs. William Moore, last week. OSKALOOSA NOTKS. Special Cor,re$ixndcnce to Iowa State Bystander. Rev. Farris, of Centerville, was a visitor at the parsonage the past week. Sunday he preached two excellent sermons at A. M. E. church, morning and evening to a large congregation. Mrs. R. Johnson who has been quite ill with diphtheria is some better at this writing. The A. M. E. church choir have been invited to give a musical concert in Muehakinock on Tuesday May 14th. tine program will be rendered. The cantata, "Gates Ajar,"' as re peated was a grand success. A nice sum was realized. Rev. Jones has led his church a step higher. Thursday, the 25tli, a large number of young Christians and seekers responded to a call and a young people's society of Christian endeavor was organized which promises to be second to none in the state. Following are the officers: W. C. Coleman president Miss Georgia Blackburn secretary A. G. Clark, corresponding secretary Miss Lucy Buckner, treasurer. Rev. Jones was the first Negro pastor to introduce the Epworth League. Again he leads in introducing the Christian endeavor. Mr. D. Oliver and Mrs. Jackson, of Evans, attended the cantata at the A M. E. church Wednesday evening. The entertainment given by the S. C. at the home of Mrs. Blackburn was a grand affair there were twentythree couple present. An excellent program was rendered. The program was opened with appropriate remarks by Rev. S. B. Jones and the president. Mrs S. B. Jone*. The remainder of the program consisted of solos, duetts and quartetts, guitar and mandolin solos. Rev. Farris as a visitor, made an interesting address encouraging the ladies in their work. The evening was one of pleasure and will be long remembered by those present. Refresh ments were served and a nice sum realized. The Christian Endeavor society held their first meeting Sunday evening from 7 to 8 o'clock. It was largely at tended. Weekly prayer meeting Thursday evening. The L. S. C. will give the World's Fair Bazar beginning May 8th to 10th. Preparations are being made to make it a grand affair. Everybody is invited to attend. Mrs. Sarah Knox respectfully solicits your patronage at 116 Second Avenue East, where she furnishes the best accommodations in meals and lunches. TIIK BYSTANDKK. Subscribe for SIOL'X CITY NEWS. Sjieeial Corre.ytondence to Iowa State Bystander Quarterly meeting Sunday. May 5th. Rev. Matthews returns this week. Charlie Williams and Myrtle Ross have been on the sick list. John Mills left for St. Paul. Minn., Monday morning. Newt Williams returned from Leavenworth, Kansas, last week. The sick are all impro\ing. C'KOAK KA1IDS NOTKS. Sjxcial Correspondent'! to Iowa State Bystander. The King's Daughters and Sons met Monday night at the parsonage William Martin was received in as a member. Chesley Wayne, of Boone, is in our city for a short stay. Fred Martin, of Hedrick. was in the Rapids visiting his parents at 2 ?2 Tenth avenue last week. John Green, of Marshalltown. was seen on our streets last week. The entertainment given by the Silver Leaf club was quite a success, both socially and financially. The Industrials will meet Friday at Mrs. Raspberry's, on Tenth avenue. Mrs. G. II. Wade was elected delegate to the Sunday School convention to be held at Davenport in June and Miss Etta Davis alternate. The friends of Miss Etta Davis will be sorry to hear that she has been compelled to quit school for a time on account of her eyes. She is suffering from muscular spasms of the eye and is compelled to don eye glasses. Richard Price is still very sick, with but little hope of his recovery. Rev. E. C. Thomas tilled the pulpit of the A. M. E. church Sunday morning and Rev. L. M. Healy in the evening the pastor being at Iowa City. MissArminta Saunders is stopping with Mrs. O. B. Roper on B. avenue. Subscribe for THK BVSTAXDKR. DAVKNI'OKT ITEMS. Special ('orrex/wndew'e to Totna State Byxtander. E. lloskins, train porter of the C., R. I. A P., has gone to Fort Madison to visit, at the home of Rev. Mr. and Mrs. McClellan. The concert given on April 20th was a decided success. The feature of the program was the duet rendered by 'Julia and Mable Hill, and the singing by six little little girls. The Orpha I music club quartette rendered some excellent music. Refreshments were served after the program. Little Mamie Pillow, after a long illness of that dread disease conI sumption, passsed away last Friday morning, the 2t"th. Funeral services were held on Sunday afternoon from the Third Baptist church. Mrs. S. V. Bean has accepted the position as musical director ot the A. I M. E. chur di choir. Mrs. Bean is an I accomplished musician. The choir ^jjgiy^pjjpiiHiqwjwipfgis^ DES MOINES, IOWA, FRIDAY, MAY 3, 1895. NO. 48. may congratulate tlu-m»elvis in securing her valuable service. Sirs. Jessie Hall, of Rock Island, Mrs. E. Telfred and daughter Jessie, entered into the mysteries H. O. J. degree last Tuesday evening, following with an elegant lunch. Mrs. A. C. Bettis. of Keokuk, is the guest of Mrs. R. Richardson this week. Pride of Iowa Tabernacle was organized Wednesday evening. May 1st, at Masonic hall with a charter membership of twenty, by who A. C. Bettis. of Keokuk, I). G. P. The officers appointed were as follows: Mrs. R. Richardson. C. P. Mrs. A. Richards, V. P. Mrs. Thomas, C. R.: Miss H. O. Richardson, V. II.: Mrs. M. Bean, C. T. Mrs. M. E. Foul, C. P.: Mrs. C. H. Marshal, I. S. Mrs. W. Baker. O. S John Hill, 1st C. L.: J. Booker, 2nd C. L.: J. C. Lewis, 3rd C. L.: Mrs. S. Huston. 1st B. V. Mrs. Booker. 2nd B. V.: Mrs. W. Busy, 3rd B. V. In connection with tabernacle Mrs. A. C. Bettis will organize a tent of maids and pages of honor. Bethel A. M. E. church will entertain the district conference and Sundayschool convention June 11. 12. 13, and It. IIL'KLINGTON BLDOKT. Sjxcial Correxjmide/tce to Iowa State Bystander. The Alphabetical Drill and concert drama at the Olive Baptist church was a grand success. The men drillers won the prize contest. .John Jones, who went to Omaha to accompany his daughter. Mrs. A. A. Jone3, home, returned last Thursday. Mrs. Mary Edwards, who lives a fewmiles out of town, is sick. Earl Smith made a short visit to Keokuk Saturday and remained over Sunday. The Olive Baptist church had their grand rally last Sunday and took up quite a liberal collection for the church fund. We hope that the church will clear itself of debt this summer, as it intends doing. Jlrs. Mary Early had a sick spell last Wednesday and Thursday. Subscribe for THE UYSTAXDKR. FACTS OFTEN OVERLOOKED. An advertisement appeared in a city paper a short time ago for a lady clerk who could speak the Swedish language. Such a clerk was found and has steady employment in a large dry goods house in this city. She is intelligent and courteous and all of her friends remember her when out shopping and strangers who meet her come again. Lee Blaghurn is employed in a drug store WThat is the duty of his friends? Again, a lad about the age of Lee was employed in one of the large offices in our city at ?2 per week. The boy was a man in one respect, for he realized that anything that is worth doing is worth doing well. He remained at his post a year without being praised or scolded. On the 1st of January he was called into the manager's private office and informed that his salary would be increased and his work changed. There are many such cases. Colored boys too often want to start in at the top of the ladder. One colored boy was offered a clerkship in a large dry goods house in this city, but he would not accept because the salary was not large. He had no knowledge of the business, and at best could be but an apprentice. His salary would have increased with his knowledge and proficiency. We leave you to draw your own conclusions as to your duty and the way men and boys and girls rise in any business. If you think the child should walk before it crawls, all right. H. B. S. K. Mrs. I. E. Williamson entertained very pleasantly the II. B. S. R. C. last Thursday at her beautiful home on Eighth street. The paper of the daywas read by the president. Mrs. J. C. Berry, on the best method of conducting a reading circle. It was a fine production and met with general approval, as it filled a long felt want. Several musical selections were rendered by the Misses Alice and Mabel Berry and Miss Burnaugh. Addresses were made by Mesdames Clark and Denny. The Circle's visitors were: Messrs. Williamson and Berry and MissZella Davis. The Oracle, read by Mesdames Gordon and Wilburn. was interesting and full of good things. A delightful lunch was served in Mrs. Williamson's usual good style. Memorial services for the late Mrs. C. II. Topson will be held next Thursday at Mrs. T. E. Barton's. All members are requested to be present. MICHAKINOCK'S LOSS. Sjk'ri to The lotea State Bystander. We regret to announce the death of one of our most highly respected citizens and friends. G. W. Frazier. He was one of the leading men in church affairs as well as society. He was a member of the Odd Fellows lodge of this place. He was injured by falling slate in mine No. at Muchakinock April .'(0 and died May 1. He leaves a mother, wile, four brothers and three sisters to mourn his loss. His mother and two sisters are in Virginia, and two brothers and one sister in New York, and his wife and one brother in Iowa. The funeral services were held at the A. M. E. church May 2d, at 2 o'clock m. The remains were interred in the Muchakinock cemeterv. NEW TRAIN FOR l'KORIA AND TIIE SOITH-KAST. As an improvement to an already line train service to eastern and southeastern points, the Rock Island .• Peoia Railway has added a new train, and the patrons of the Great Rock Island Route from Iowa ami Nebraska points can now take advantage of this fast train that leaves Rock Island at :05 a. m. daily, except Sunday, and arriving at Peoria at 7:25 a. m., making onneetion in Union depot. Peoria, for Springfield. Indianapolis. Cincinnati nd all points in central and southern Illinois and Indiana and the south. This new and fast train can not fail to meet the requirements of the travel-. Try it! Call on Rock Island agent for rates, time card and information. JOHN SKIIASTIAN. Gen'l Pass. Agt.. Chicago, III. A HEROIC STEUGrGLE FREDERICK DOUGLASS* ROMANTIC CAREER. Miss Susan H. Anthony's Recollections of the Anti-Slavery Leader—Anecdotes of Ills Life la Captivity and Free dorn. Among the many prominent people who were Intimately connected with the late Frederick Douglass in his life work none is more distinguished than Miss Susan B. Anthony, of Rochester, N. Y., says a writer in the New York Mail and Express. In speaking to me regarding the dead leader, the other day, Miss Anthony said: "I first came to know Frederick Douglass in 1847 in Rochester, my native city. My father was a Quaker, who had a large farm, and Douglass was a poor young married man, who lived nearer the city. There was an anti-slavery sewing circle which met in his home, which consisted of some thirty or forty people. My father used to harness up his team and would drive us over, and we would sew and talk and plan and then generally would bring the Douglasses back to dinner or supper at our house. At that time Douglass was a tall, powerful and attractive young man of a very striking personal appearance. He has none of the typical features of the African, but, if possible, resembled an Indian warrior. He was erect, very vigorous, with a long straight nose, high cheek bones, a good forehead and almost a mane rather than an ordinary head of hair. He worked hard, harder than most people ever dream of. He studied and burned the midnight oil and tried to make himself the intellectual peer of the highest in the world. This intense ambition was devoid of all selfish attribute. I do not think he had any desire to become great himself nor to win name and fame, but he undertook this seemingly hopeless task merely to enable himself to properspresent and discuss the ideas in which he believed. He had marvelous patience and a wonderful memory. my In some respects he was slow in acquiring, but when he once mastered a thing he never forgot it. His wife was a black woman, kind, gentle and affectionate. My mother said that she was the best housekeeper in Rochester, and in matters of that sort my mother was an expert. Although the Douglass familywere very poor, yet their home was exquisitely neat and clean, and the children, though poorly dressed, were always nice looking and presentable. Frederick Douglass tried his best to educate his wife, and he set aside a part of every evening for her intellect ual training. He succeeded in part and failed in part. Somehow or other she could never learn to read or write, but on the other hand, her memory was at times phenomenal, and she would pick up vast masses of facts and information and have them at her tongue's tip. Her inability to acquire the rudiments caused her husband considerable regret in the beginning, but in the course of time he saw that it could not be h»lped, and so he yielded to the inevitable. She was an extremely good wife and mother, and he was an ideal husband and father. The love story of his life was often told to his dearest friends in the pathetic way in which he alone possessed of all the abolition warriors of the day. He told how his wife, then a young and pretty black girl was a freed slave how she became touched with his fervent purpose to become educated how she used to watch him while in the slave drive and keep an eye upon his every movement. One day she approached him and told him she had saved up all her earnings that she had sold all her belongings, and she wanted him to run away North with this-money. He refused and refused a'gain, and it was not until she told him that he could return the money, and that she loved him more than all the world that he accepted her aid and carried out her plans. Mr. Douglass has often remarked that it was this woman, his first love, who was responsible for his life. It may seem strange, but he has also said that just as his story of slavery was to have turned the point of feeling and aided in ending the enslavement of the negro, so, on her part was this woman responsible for all that came thereafter through him to benefit humanity or the colored race. He would forcibly emphasize the fact that his wife, and rot himself, was responsible for the good he accomplished, as the first plans were hers, and she had earned the means of carrying them out. As soon as ever he got money enough together he returned the loan, and sent with it sufficient funds for her to come and join him. They were married quietly, and wherever he went she was with him. During the troublous times when he was still a fugitive slave, when he was property, and might at any time have been returned to his master, his wife acted as a sort of private detective and watched him wherever he went, kept her eye upon every person within hail, and upon every caller to the house. In speaking of his flight from bondage.Tie said: 'From the time I was a little boy I did nothing but yearn for freedom and pray for it. I used to go out in the cornfield and kneel down and pray with a vague belief that the Lord would hear me and something would oceur. and night and morning by my bed I did the same thing. As years rolled by I became fearful that my prayers were of no avail, and that slavery and sorrowwere to be lot all my life and it was not until then that 1 made up my mind to run away.' "And," said Miss Anthony. "1 told him that when he prayed with his heels he found out that the Lord answered him YM-y properly."- CRUELTY TO OSTRICHES. Kvon tlie Short Feathors Stripped rronc Living Hlrdtt for Ladifn' AdornmentThe object of the Society for the Protection of Birds have been more than once commended to my readers, says a writer in the London Truth, and I am glad to note the encouraging tone of the report, which was presented at the annual meeting last week. There la, however, one point to which I should like to draw the attention of the committee. The rules provide that members shall refrain from wearing the feathers of any bird not killed for the purposes of food, "the ostrich only excepted." When in connection with this exception the plucking of ostriches was discussed in Truth a year or so since, I was assured from more than one quarter that, whatever might be done in Egypt, that cruel practice no longer prevailed at the Cape, where ostrich farmers had for years adopted the plan of clipping the feathers. It now appears that I was misinformed, for I see from a Pert Elizabeth paper that an agitation has recently Jjeei: started among the farmers' association in the ostrich district, not against plucking altogether, which does not seem to be objected to, but against the plucking of "the short body feathers." The cruelty which goes on may be guessed from the remark of a gentleman interested in the question, that "the Russian Jews at Oudtshoorn, George, etc., buy the feathers on a troop of birds and when fit they strip the birds as bare as your hand." DENIED THEIR RIGHTS. Amer.'ojn Missionaries In Turkey Having a Hard Time. One class of trials endured by the missionaries of the American board of foreign missions in Turkey consists of difficulties in securing official permits for the erection of school and church buildings. The latest letters received at the rooms in Boston bear on this phase of missionary work and trial. The work of the western Turkey mission consists in part of work among the Greeks. Rev. Edward Higgs, of Marsovan Theological Seminary and College, recently visited Trebizond. He writes: "In Ordoo and Fatsa I found the missionaries enduring unrighteous delays in the matter of their places of worship, which,, with their schools, have been closed for months through violent opposition and persecution. These cases of interference with the manifest rights of Protestant or non-Mohammedan Christians have been going along for a long time, and there seems to be no hope of directly reversing the unjust verdict ia either case. The way must be cleared for a Protestant community, however feeble it may be, to secure by imperial firman the right to use their oven— premises for worship and school purposes." A Lucky Fink, Two years ago a cyclone uprooted a tree on the farm of John Buff, in the southern and central part of Washington county, Missouri, and the farmer, while searching for a lost cow after the storm, ran across a heavy lead deposit at the roots of the tree. During the subsequent three months the farmers of the vicinity dug up 400,000 pounds of the mineral, which proved to be of remarkable purity. A lead-mine boom has nowr located in the vicinily. Dependent on Railways. Very few people understand the enormous scope of the operations of a modern railway company. There are now probably nearly 900,000 persons employed directly by the railways of the United States, and if any account is taken of the families dependent upon many of these employes it will be seen that posibly 2,000,000 of the residents of this country derive their support from these companies. Elected Mayor and Will Not Serve. East Dubuque, 111., is confronted with the problem of having elected a mayor who absolutely declines to serve. His name is Merritt Piatt, and he was nominated and elected against hi3 wish. Mayor Peaslee, who holds over, does not wish to serve another term, and he asks the city council to call a special election for his successor, which will probably be done. Watch the Witness' Thumbs. The thumb, according to professional palmists, is an unerring index of the mind. If a person is trying to deceive you he will invariably draw his thumb in toward the palm. On the other hand, if he is telling the truth, the thumb will be relaxed and point away from the palm.—Philadelphia Record. SIFTINCS. In selecting a wife choose one that will work. A great many marriages are blind bridal affairs. The sweets of married life should be kept in family jars. Why is a kiss like marriage? Because it takes two to make one. The name of the Chinese emperor's wife is Kan-Di. She isn't as sweet as that, though. How can a bride be expected to shov self-possession when she is given away. '. A hen on a farm does not mingle promiscuous society she has her own exclusive set. A married couple who are drunk never luarrel. At least they never have any words together!!. As a man and wife are one, the husband, when seated with his wife, must be beside himself. The empress of Germany has an unomfortable habit of winking when she is speaking. It would never do for her to go into an American drug store, in Franco it Is decided that the makrs of bicycles are responsible for damages when an accident occurs through a structural fault In a machine. I

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