The Philadelphia Inquirer from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on June 26, 1905 · Page 4
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The Philadelphia Inquirer from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania · Page 4

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THE PHILADELPHIA INQUIRER, MONDAY MORNING, JUNE 26, 1905 REGENT BOOKS AMD AGRICULTURE AS STORIES THEY TELL vviv t a a --rPV TviT r-rv tv-t-a a a rr a - t ri. - a ivtix A PAYING PURSUIT Mysteries of Dual Personality Treated - in '.The -'Mortgage on the Brainn---Other New Offerings "From" " the Publishers .. IF "The Mortgage on the Brain" . had. been .written ten years ago it would -have been looked upon as the wildest , possible . flight of the imagination, a sort of i attempt to outdo "The Strange Case' of Dr. Jevkyll awl Mr. CHyde." .To-day; it', is looked .,. upon,.: as ;. the strongest novel that has been - writ-, .ten-in which .the discoveries , of --modern psychology have-been used as a basis.; , About q, year ago in this column way given an, extended notice of 'the-work on "Multiple Personality," by Dr. Boris Sidis and a colleague. In this book :t was shown that the- theory which had been gaining, ground for .some years: that there is double personality in alT oF'rhbsf persons, and which had been- confirmed by many ipleresting phenomena, was a demonstrable ; fact. Principal stress was. laid on the; case of the clergyman, for-merly of this city, who was kicked in the head by a horse and' woke tip a" different 'man entirely-; unconscious of all his past, but so equipped thaV he learned -read iTy ' and became "essentially 'a new person "iri a few week's, Then lie suddenly relapsed into his former state and thereafter alternated for a long time between the two personalities Psychologists are not agreed " exactly as to therauses of. this or. to .the. exact nature of secondary personality, ex-?cept that it maybe that which- is uppermost in our dreams -that are often so f Strange and unaccountable.- . - .- It is not presumed that - Mr' Vincent - Harper, author of "The Mortgage on the Brain," was familiar with this case, though " he may have been,- t--o close in some respects does it . follow " phehomena in It! , The story deals' with the .. efforts" .of a group of European scientists to arttfieiaily : change the major into the minor personality, and vice versa,. by means .oLappli- . anees which through radio-activity afiect the proper brain cells.. The. case. in hand was a beautiful woman of rank in London . whose eccentricities were disconcerting to her friends . The scientists; said . that the secondary personality ,. had ..control and it waspossible- to restore- her-by their process. To prove it a leading "young physician and psychologist gave himself up for an experiment, which proved successful. He was transformed into another being for some weeks and restored to his former state by the new process. Then the lady was operated on and forthwith resumed her right mind. Of course this is mythical, and in our present state of knowledge impossible. l is not, however, to be considered absolutely impossible for the future. The argument is that insanity, crime and immorality are the result of the secondary personality getting into control and shoving the normal and upright personality in the background. This is the""mort-gage" involved. It is explained that' all these deficient or derelict classes can be restored, that societv can be reformed and the millennium attained through these scientific processes. The author does not expect "us" to take his facts seriously, but it is. apparent that his argument is based on some just considerations -and that he has advanced a working hypothesis for., .the future.,.. It may be said that -hypnotic suggestion has a large part to play m the game, and this we know is something, that : science -hai demonstrated to have more power than a generation ago would -have- been. "admitted. " - ' The book is not only interesting and entertaining from the problem as developed, but al80-froni ar-vivi3fless of narration and intense interest in the various characters. Its value is far greater in that it presents to the non-scientific reader some aspects of the greatest problem with which scientific men are now grappling. It goes too far, or farther than present knowledge warrants, -but- 5t does- leave upon the mind a right impression of the direction of the work of nsvcholocists. and it ought to be known -that-in. -the- iarge his Dasis ts correct. " - 1'uDiisned by Doubleday, Page fc Co. THE LITTIjaOXSCRlPT i i HR HE Little j lnscriptK'Ey Ezra I f?. Brudnois a tale of . life in Russia' by an American' whose early" life was spent- within -the pale It is a story, of Russian persecution of the Jews which in its detail is horrible, and in the, large is almost unbelievable. It seemsi that., when the Jews were admitted- tp the army , fcoys-of - 34 were taken into the service shipped to distant points, forcibly baptized, renamed and every effort made to change them absolutely'. The story -of these cruelties is almost beyond belief, yet the author is in position to know the truth. The story deals with one such conscript and his experiences in war and peace, in love and jealousy and in every sort of human condition. He pays the forfeit of his life for his love, a woman who is obliged to sacrifice herself for him. In the terrors of the tragedies of this book, in ' the relentlessness of the fate which overcomes the weak and the poor, one is reminded of the ancient Greek poets. It is . a story that is fascinating m its horrors, one that smacks- much of Gorky and. has ...this ' advantage that it does not need .translation.-. 'There may He may live without poetry, music and art. He may live without conscience and - live without heart. . . . He may live without friends, he may live without books, But civilised men cannot live without cooks. Owen Meredith. , . "Lucille" was-written be fore Egg-O-See was known With its introduction, if man cannot-live without cooks, his dependence .upon- them , .is . very much lessened. . - Delicious -bgg-U-bee is thoroughly steam cooked, and is ready for instant use morning, noon or night. Its crisp Jiakes are full of nutriment, easily .digested and it is the real 20th Cen tury food. -It is not alone a breakfast food.. It is a dainty luncheon and a welcome complement to dinner,! ; : -lis metnba7f ;p'acicing insures crispness, freshness and freedom from germs. j . 1: Begin its use .now;. .--Take our word .for it; you wiU thank us for. the advice; ' A largo package at any -grocery Ofie THEEGQO-SEEca. - Qidney, 13. ' be good Russians, but thejf. do riot appear in this book. Publishedby Doubleday, i-age & l.o. ..... THE WALKING DELEG,ifE . r I "'HIS story by Lerpy.vgcottis the tale - I of labor troubles in JNewlorK city, and is .drawn as to the, main material directly from "the "great con- test that lasted for two vears in that city -between the labor unions on one. side ahd the master builders on the other; - .That was a tremendous struggle but of which neither . party . came unscathed." "The author gives us pictures .of 4 the good and bad men in the labor unions, and-of the good ; and' bad men on the side of the contractors. It was a terrible state of things, and the author "does not' make it o'uttany stronger than the 'actual facts in the case; indeed,. lie is rather lenient than otherwise. Of the leading-characters -in the book,. Buck Foley, walking delegate, is -the most prominent. Be;' was the, grafting-leader, who ordered and called off strikes for pelf, while opposed to -bfhi wag ; one," To'm Keating, who --'believed -imii ronism as a principle; and fought the walking delegate long and unt if the last with-out success - The author has visited many Iabpr meetingsand clairiis to have a photographic account- of scenes therein. The side of the contractdrs is hardly as pleasant as the" other. There was" a war between them'to see whjch. could get -control of the union, so as to'prevent strikes, and they" Were Avilling -to go to-almost any lengths to secure themselves, and if necessary injure others. The story is told, with admirable spirit-without any effort to pleach on one side or the theri The portraits are generally .strong and the events move rapidly. All "the time there is a continuous state of mental -excitement, which maintains the"1n.feresf inThe book to the very last. V Altogether . this is rather . a singular book. Most people who tackle such subjects - fail. 'because they have some sort of ulterior motive to exploit: The author in this case has started out to tell a good story based on actual conditions and he has succeeded. "The : Walking Delegate" is. not only a good- novel bttt-it-eonresr very close to being recorded, history. Published by Doubleday. Page & Company. HISTORY OF" ST. CHARLES BORRO-MEO SEMINARY THE Rev. Augustus J. Schulte, professor of languages at "The Phila-- delphia Theological Seminary of t. Charles liorromeo," located at Overbrook, has just published a brief illustrated history of the seminary since its foundation in 1832. This was the fifth Institution of the sort to be started in this country, although now there are scores of them. For many years it was located in this city, but its great development has been since the removal to the evy fine building just outside the city limits. The institution was started over seventy yearsago with three students in his private rooms, by Bishop. Kenrick, and has since had -a notable career. A large number of bishops and archbishops have been connected with the institution, either as teachers or. students, - and- hundreds of priests have gone! forth to all parts of the wprld fromit.3 halls, -.. The narrative fs -written -in simple and direct stvle and gives a clear account of directed it from the beginning until now. Its chapel is said to be one ot the finest specimens of architecture in the countrv. Ihelbook contains rriafiy.portraits of men connected now or in the past with the seminary, as well as some good illustrations of the buildings vas they are to-day. It is published bv' the "seminary and con tains a syllabus of. the attendance and ex penses m past years. It is well equipped, but needs more money to enlarge its dormitories and endow its professorships. A UMBER STOUY OP THE ARPA THIAXS ffpAWDUST," by Dorothea Gerard, SAWDUS is fron C. Wi rom the press of the John inston Company, of this - city-. It is a stor' of tempera ments, and is laid in the Carpathian Mountains, where an - ambitious, tireless and unpleasant German after amassing one fortunte starts in to make another. His rapacity and greed are such that he soon becomes detested," and is soon at odds .with his own son, who inherited all the qualities; his father lacked from some distant "ancestor. The" love story concerns the daughter of a count whom the mill man has" ruined and the" owner's son. That is. prettily told, and there is a deliciousness about : the atmosphere which is described and painted verv much as Auerbach. in "On the Heights." i.ne strongest -part ot the story deals with the racial, animosities . which are aroused between the narrow-minded bigot 01 a mm owner ana his employes. I here is an. intense, state of affairs, before -leng, in which terrible passions are' aroused and a maelstrom of unbridled lusting for vengeance is developed. The material nf the story is just familiar enough to make it agreeaDie, wnne the scene and temperaments are foreign enough to be highly interesting. -'V - . TWO BIG LITTLE BOOKS McCLURE, PHILLIPS & CO. issue two booklets "which are out of proportion so far as value is concerned, ' to their ' size. "Religion, a Criticism and a Forecast," by G. Lowes Dickinson',' is an "analysis ' of modern aspects of religion. The- author is an avowed Platonist.-- He thinks we must' learn religious truth in -a scientific manner and that revelation is only an inbearing.of the spirit' rather ; thaiu, a direct, . .communication from God, that faith and hope ari out of date and should bfe replaced by the term "active expectancy.'' rlrte. is not irreligious, but he does. belieVe. that we- must bast? our religious convictions on expedience and study- it in--the--soientific method. The other booklet .is. Charles Wagner's "My Appeal- to America."' the Drincinal lecture, he delivered in this country, includ ing some nnal words of the Paris clergyman before his departure "for home after a. visit that was successful; "The Appeal" is written in the author's well-known simple style and is a call to the quiet life 61 faith and good works. Also the book is an appeal to America to help erect a suitable building for his "work in Paris. Mr. Wagner is now understood to be 'writing his remmiscences ot his trip, wmch will soon be published. - - , -BROTHERS IX PERIL THIS is a tale of " Newfoundland cen-:.turies, ago; when the British first settled the island and - when", the French contested for. the suprem acy, .It is a tale of love and adventure. The author : was reared in: .Newfoundland. and his descriptions' of places and -scenery are ' excellent, mis portion ot the book is especially interesting, -because it is. $o little known, and- the -author's pictures have a freshness that is charming,- The story is a nleasing one, though not strik ingly original "in '.plot. It is written- by Theodore Roberts and published by L. C Page &lCa.' :5 -"" ;;!'' . ' the 'ethics of imperialism TN- strong, coiitrast with the' book..nb- 1- fieed "elsewhere ? "The Ethicvs of Force" is Albert R. Carman' "Ethics - of Imperialism." It attacks the subject ffohi . an entirely different point of - view and tomes to. the conclusion1 that while the. universal brotherhood of man" may be eminently desirable, at is not likely to arrive-immediately and that for the. best in terests of .society and morals imperialism and all it stands for are. the best for '. a nation." that the patriotic instinct is any nation s greatest asset and that in en larged boundaries,increced responsibilites - 1 1n pf 'lj II I " - - '- I I II v - N. ! Little West Indian Territory Claimed Since 1857, and - iScene of a Bloody Revolt, Will Help Guide Mariners Special CorresDondence of-The Inquirer. Cpy ' riehtl by The Inquirer Company. - 'SAN JUAN.. Porto Rico, June 15. Since 1857 the United States has claimed the little Island of Navassa in the West Indies, but it has only been recently decided-by the government' that the little speck on the Caribbean, -which is so small that it appears on no map, shall be put to some use. Captain A.. Stierle, of the Lighthouse Service. - stationed at San Juan, Porto Rico, has recently visited the place, and has selected the site upon which Uncle Sam is to erect a $10,1XJ lighthouse as soon as the Congress makes the necessary "appropriation. The new Navassa Light will be taken into the 13th Lighthouse district, with headquarters at Mobile., Ala,, which includes Cuba - , Section 1 of an act of Congress, passed Agust 18. 1S5G. says that whenever a citizen of the L'nited States shall "discover deposit of guano on any island, rock or ke not within the lawful jurisdiction of any other government, and not occupied by the citizens of any other government and shall take peaceable possession thereof, and occupy the same, said island, rock or key, may. at the discretion of the President of the United States, be considered as appertaining - to the United States." Took I'eaoeable Pominn Navassa Island, shaped something like a pear, is about one mile square, it lies 32 miles southwest of Hayti, latitude 18 degrees 10 minutes N longitude 75 degrees W. It 13 nearly i level, has steep, sloping sides, terminating all around in bold, white cliffs aboutlia feet high. Its highest point is 250 feet. On July 1. 1857," Peter Duncan discovered a bed of guano on Navassa. No one seemed to be claiming the little spot at that time, so Duncan- returned to Navassa on September -19 of the same year-and took "peaceable possession"" of it in the name of theUnited States. It was all very well to own phosphate beds, but : how to work them without money was a .problem. So Duncan interested Edward K. Cooper, who invested a limited amount in , the venture. But the great height of the island, the neces- come greater opportunities in every phase of life into which make for the rounding out of the good citzen and best moral status for the individual. The argument is clearly presented and it contains reasoning that will not be familiar to all, but is worth considering. It is from the press of . Herbert . Ik Thurber & Co. ' AX ESSAY AGAISST WAR ( rT" HE ETHICS -OF FORCE" is the I title of a little volume from the press of Ginn & Company, of Boston, which contain some essays which are elaborations of addresses made by the author, H. E. Warner, short ly before the outbreak of the Spanish war. The author is a- veteran of the Civil War.' in which he lpet one of his limbs, was in captivity and much in the hospital. He speaks as one with experience and not purely from an academic point of view. His thesis is that '. "war is a benefit to the extent that it does not exist." It is an interesting commentary on the place which force has taken in the world and it is a denial of the claim that the highest patriotism is to fight for one's country, "right or wrong," or that war brings about commercial and social benefits. It is written in a calm manner and is an interesting volume which is a different sort of appeal against war from many of the arguments of the ordinary peace propagandists,. It has a good message for the world.: 1 ; ; " ' : - i i: .. . ! book: quotations TIFE -ILLUMINED" is an excellent collection of the sayings of ' the good and great m all ages concerning the ethics--of life. The anthology is by Ella Dann "More, and is from the .Neale Press, of Washington. The work is rather elaborate- and. "is divided, into various headings in which all subjects which enter into the higher life are collected. This is not alone, a book which one wishes merely for reference. It is the sort of book w-hich one can read by the hour with profit and it fills a niche that has hitherto been vacant. , ; AN ESSAY ON MACBETH THE Poet Lore .Company, of Boston publishes "Macbeth, a Warning Against Superstition," by Esther .Gideon. Noble. The author claims that Shakespeare was "so far in advance of his time that the greatest scientific truths were well known to ' him many years before they were hit upon by their so-called discoverers." This statement ought to make the curious desire to. read the book. For ourselves, we never looked upon Shakespeare as a scientific man, nor supposed that his object -as to teach morals. He did write good plays, which seems to have been his chief aim. The essay has at least a claim to originality. SKETCHES OF GREAT CLERGYMEN ODERN Masters of Pulpit Dis course," by William Cleaver ilkinson. Is a rather bulky volume of personal sketches of the great preachers known to the present and the last generation.. The author had the personal acquaintance of many of these and' heard them all and has written some very entertaining and instructive memorabilia, . as well as ..some criticisms of them and their sermons. He ia discriminating and at -times rather severe, but on the whole he gives us admirable pictures of such, men as Beecher, Talmage, Storrs, McLaren, Newman,: Liddon, Moody, Gunsaulus and others. In addition he gives a sonnet on each one of his -subjects. The book ia unique, but interesting and is likely to meet with a , I ??:r ;. p sity of bringing the phosphate d6vrnto J the edge ot the stone shelf, and the roughness of the..-ea. required a large expenditure. Bv building railroad tracks, chutes, derricks. . the first , difficulty might be coped with.-and by building wharves ion the southwest side of the island, at Lulu Bay (called bay by courtesy, and a stretch of the imagination), the mined product might be placed in lighters and carried to ships. The capital of the men was -sevme-what taxed, but both being gritty, they hung on and managed, after a fashion, to work the phosphate bed " - ; "Warned Off Hayti In June.-1858. the Havtian Government sent two little war vessels to Navassa, and told Cooper he was trespassing; that Navassa was a dependency of Hayti, and ordered him to vacate. Cooper was made of stern stuff, and a letter disaptched by him to Washington bore fruit. The Havtian Government was induced to retire, and from that time, until the island was finallr abandoned in 18tS, American war- vessel always stopped at Navassa Inland, in order- that the home govern--rnent" niieht be kept informed -of the manner in-which the settlers fared. Again, in 1873, the Havtian Government renewed its claim of ownership, only to have quoted to it at length thqf act of lS5ti. . - . ? f In 18!S!i the island passed into the' hands of the Navassa Phosphate, Company incorporated under the laws of New ork, witn neadquarters at- Baltimore. 31d. The company had a large eapital and made preparations to mine the phosphate" on a large scale. A force of . eleven superintendent? and .one hundred and thirty-seven colored American laborers sailed from Baltimore for Navassav .The negroes were under" fifteen months contracX and were to. be paid at the rate of $8-OJ per f month, board and lodging provided tip the company. the wages were t6 he" paid only upon the men's return to Baltimore, and if they violated any one of the many conditions imposed in -the contract thev forfeited a percentage of the amount and were to pay their-passage -back. . -egrroe' Hloodj- Attack. Matters progresed satisfactorily for a few months, during which tim residences -for the superintendents, barracks for the men, , warehout-es tor the .storing, of phosphate, blacksmith shops and a little. church were erected. The tracks were laid and ballasted. It looked as if the' enterprise would be a success. But discontent spread generous reception. Published' by Funk & Wagnalls Co. . : THE WING- OK- LOVE -- CATHERINE M. C. MEREDITH has written a brief tale of- temperament called "The Wing of Love." .which details the stort- of H rhild in New ork struggling with poverty. The love' story concerns the widow ana one wuoui knew before marriage and that part of the storv ends satisfactorily. It is ,-the little girl who forms the centre of attraction. She is painted daintily and with psychologic power. It is a most unusual piece of work in that the ;- little heart of the child works out mysteries and solves problems which older, heads could not have done: under social conventions. A charming book. Published by MdClure. Phillips & Co. :x - : A WOMAN'S CONFESSION :' THIS is a dainty little volume published by "Life" which . purports to be excerpts from the " diary, of Helen Woljesea, a Bohemian young woman who came to this country, turned artist, gave up herself to love, was deserted by her lover and died just before the expected birth of a child in . whom she expected to find surcease from sor-row. The book is filled with epigrams.rand comments on life in .which her "philosophy is set forth. She believes in love for love's own sake and thinks if. men were as good and true as women there would need -to be no marriage ceremony and considers mother love the highest , on earth-H-agOal she reached only in its incipient stages. It is a rather striking little bdbkx . : IN THE CANADIAN ROCKIES- i CirT HE BROODING' WILD is a T rather singular story of life in the far Canadian Rocky-Moun-irt -u-hifh TnHiinsf." balf- breeds and white men figure around, the central character, who is a white child grown to womanhood.- It is a tragic-story, told 'in vigorous English, somewhat after the manner of Jack Londonrand the climax is a scene which Ayoulo;..b-a credit to that . author. : Two brothers fighting to help the maiden , atid iae maiden herself are prominent through all the extraordinary incidents which fililbe volume. It is written by RidgwU- Cul-lum and is from the press:of L. C.i.Irage. EDWARD FABQIHAR'S POEMS MR. BADGER gives us a larger; vol-.ume than usual in the poems; of Edward Fafqultar, .-Avh has roamed pretty Avell over all the fields which the muses frequent. -There are historical poems and those 'bf sentiment, some of which have " a. decidedly good quality and some, .which are.'less notable. Published by the Gotham Press. -JIMMY.!-BROWN -IN EURQPB . - THOSE who have enjoyed the peregrinations and pranks of Jimmy Brown, as detailed by W. L. Al-den. will be pleased to knowr" that he appears once more in a .v.olumeen-titled "Jimmv BroWn " Trying .vto-cFind Europe." Jimmy is a rathe.efthtfgect Buster Brown and he has ar-fdot -m j. experiences which are related in humorous fashion. Published by; the Harpers., r. A COWBOY STORY. " 1 L I URLY;" - by Roger I'oebck;' an I Englishman, - whcv ,Tha&. been pretty much all over the globe -and has had many experiences, is a tale of - life . among , the. cowboys s.out . .: - . lUSw VZ-" ' among the negroes. They complained that they - were -bemg worked too hard; some were taken ill; others were homesick, and stTK.othets resented the alleged cruelty of the. officers in charge. -"A" plot was formed to attack the white officers, take possession of the island, and secure passage home on the firi-t passing vel.rOn September 14, 188U, the black rose' and a desperate attack was made on the officers. Fortunately, the negroes could hot gain possession of any fire-aruxs,-but they wielded the ax with terrible effect. The officers soughf " refuge in. the house of the jHiperintendent, Thomas -.'N;' Foster, and "for a . long' lime successfully held the blacks back, but Henry Jdnes. a negro, -made , his way through a r-ain-of bullets and literally hacked Foster to: .-death --with an ax. -; ' Finally, after " about ;.nine negroes had been killed andjifteen wounded, they gave up, but -several of . the white - men were wounded and Foster had been sacrificed. Joneiv Edward Smith arid George S: Key were-made prisoners and carefully guard ed, ine home olhee, was communicated with. aLad the . government sent the old Kearsarge to brin"tf back the murderers.:. Juriadlet Ion Jm: AlHriued They;. were tried: before' . the Federal Court at -Baltimore and convicted. The cases were appealed tb the United States Supreme Court, and the basis of appeal was that Fpeter was. murdered on territory, not the property of the .- United Statf s," hence outside its jurisdiction- The judgment 'of the lower tribunal was. affirmed by the Supreme Court, on November .24,. J S90, the court holding that by theract of Congress of 1851 Navassa was clearly United States territory, . Work was continued on Navassa Island fprva few-years more, but in 1S98. all West,- a story that is somewhat sublimated and reallv showM A 7., A -. - - i- v yii v. zv a good hianv vears. Still it. U fll nt.A- - -- M- Ma A A-enture and hair-breadth escape and is tne sorx oi tale to stimulate those - who hanker after snch thino-c it ; nukiui, c - puviisucu by La ttle. Brown & Co. JEWS IN MANY LANDS THIS is the narrative by Elkan Nathan Adler of his travels in many parts of the Mediterranean and - adjacent lands, during which he saw much that was ' unusual, went to "many places seldom visited by Europeans. He gives a faithful description of the various-local customs of the people and of their mental and social condition. It is JOSEPH G. PAJtlJNGTOIJJiCO . - Store closes Saturdays I P. Joseph G.Oarlington & Co. Call particular attention to Another Special Shipment of MOST DESIRABLE mmer Made 'expressly for this season to be sold at ONC DOLLAR per yard, but in consequence of their late ar- . -. 'rivalwill be placed on sale , This Horning gets at rr, per yard Small Check Louisines . . f. in MOST DESIRABLE EFFECTS AND COLORINGS ' , The Most Fashionable. . Summer Silk Imported Su SHrs JoseptiifioDarliegtoi&COo ::::x-:.:; operations were abandoned. A few men were left on the island, as it was deemed wise to have someone on the island in the event of an attempt by outsiders to "discover phosphate beds on - an unoccupied island." In 1900. a little sailboat put into San Juan, Porto Rico, and the Governor was visited by the skipper of -the craft, who related to him a terrible story of how a number of men : were perishing- for -want of food and care on Navassa- Island.- The Navy Department was communicated with and the result was that two or three malcontents, in excellent health, were taken off bv the U. S- -S. Mayflower, and at their own reauest landed in Santo -Domingo. . -- The buildines of the phosphate company are crumbling away, and. the only way that one mav get a foothold on -the island is bv climbing up a wire rope which hangs down to the water from one of the derricks. The tracks are -in -an excellent state of preservation, and will be used for conveying material to the spot where it is intended to erect-the flight-house. The lighthouse will- probably- stand on an eminence 240 feet from the, sea level. - The onlv inhabitants -at present-occup j 4 ing Navassa are wild goats ana they abound. Since 1 S90. .the. island has been, unoccupied and the question is whether, when . LTncle Sam gets ready to put up the light, one of his little neighbors will not step up and enter another claim for ownership. That the light will prove a boon to navigation, or. to use -the language of - a-naval officer who once made a report to the department, "an indispensable luxury to mariners." there can be no doubt, and with the constantly increasing traffic to and from Panama the Windward passage cannot be too brilliantlj- lighted. , a work that is carefully written and con--;.,-"tKat- -;a new and instructive. t X i 1 i 1. - - tn illustrated from photo graphs and is . published by the Jewish Publication Society in this city. . THE BISHOP'S NIECE TMiis ;-tVi ttnrv of relitriou3 warfare 1in a Maine town, where the prin-irl man of the place was a Ro manist. His son.. whom he had destined for the ministry, falls in love fho ciBtpr of the Methodist minister nil J.X - J v. - ... Vir therp is a row. which m its vari ous phases takes up the whole of the book. It is by George H. Picard, from the press of Herbert B. Turper &. Co., of Boston. . " 1 M., other days at 5 P. M. Continuation of the . SPECIAL SALE OF Leather Goods Highest class Novelties in Card Cases Pocketboeks Memorandum Books and Combination Books Plain and beautifully mounted in Sterling: Silver at $1.00 to $5.00 each F $3.00 $20.00 A SPECIAL BARGAIN Extra Fine Quality Taffeta Ribbons Perfectly new and fresh from . the looms, r" y --'"'. 6 inches . wide, at CtS pet yard For Sashes, Girdles, Hair and - Millinery Purposes. :- Brains as -Wei I , as Muacle Are Necessary to Become ": a Successful Farmer Farming May Not Often Lead to Affluence, But Affords an Ex : cellent Prospect The element of pecuniary profit figures largely in determining the choice of an occupation. The- inordinate love of money is declared' to be the root of all evil, but the history of the race demonstrates the foolishness of entering upon any business enterprise without forecasting as far as possible the financial outcome. There is unquestionably a . financial side to agriculture. To engage in i without due con sideration of this question would be an act of foolishness akin to that recorded in. Scripture concerning the man who began to build a tower but was not able to finish it. . Agriculture and Finance The subject to be presented in this letter is the financial side of agriculture, or m other words, does farming pay? May a fair return for the labor and capital invested -be reasonably expected? In our own country it is Ea Id that in. the Eastern States and in someother localities numerous farms have been- abandoned by their, owners, their cultivation having become unprofitable. This condition of things is no doubt, exceptional ratiier than general, nor is it likely ..to continue for any considerable length of time. There is always a demand for good agricultural productions." and "mostly at remunerative prices. " provided the producer be not too far. away from the market and cost . of transportation too great. Qaestion -of Location The question of . location, price and quality of land,' convenience to a good market for what is produced are all fac-' tors in the solution-of the problem how to make the farm pay. The successful farmer must be a man. of brain . as well : as muscle. The farm, whether large or small, will prove to be financially, unprofitable unless it be judiciously and economically managed. A fair knowledge of the. theory and practice of the business must be supplemented by a constant and careful attention to all the details demanded by good management. The general principles which point to financial success - in any honest business are as indispensable in agriculture as anywhere, else., -r . . . . Seldom Leads to Wealth The fact that the pursuit of agriculture seldom leads , to - affluence, and that mil-Jiouaires are scarce . in the .farming fra Cooling and Kolb's TVJO MATTER how sizzling the day, the quality of. Kolb's bread is unaffected. An elaborate and costly cooling and ventilating system admits of the regulation of e ach department of Kolb's Bakery to the exact temperature that .assures best results, as based on a baking experience of thirty-five years. -'v The flour is kept in a cool - invariable temperature for days before it is used, and. whenjtis used it is at its prime.,, . . . The mixing room has its degree of temperature (a little higher " than the flour-lofts) at which the bread ingrcj; dients unite most perfectly. ternity cannot be accepted as conclusive evidence that agriculture is " financially a failure. The simple fact is 'that great riches are more a burden than a blessing. It is said that Mr. Andrew Carnegie does not desire to die a rich man, and he who prayed that neither poverty nor riches might be his lot was the wisest kind .of a philosopher. '. . If- agriculture has produced but few millionaires it has countless thousands in its ranks who have what in ' better, a comfortable competence, and if there be any pursuit that furnishes a less percentage of paupeiB than farming, tjie writer has jet to hear of.it. More Remunerative Pursuits But" it is said that in mercantile". . life as also in many other pursuits fortunes are accumulated much more rapidly than is possible in agriculture. This may be true, but it is also true that in the gigantic competitive struggle for wealth, it ia after all comparatively few who are successful. The many have succumbed to defeat and disaster, and are buried out of sight under the wreckage of gloomy failure and bitter disappointment. ' As a rule agriculture intelligently and industriously pursued ia a reasonably sure , road to a comfortable competence, though it cannot be recommended as a short cut to sudden riches. But as human happiness is not dependent on- the abundance of earthly possession, it may reasonably be concluded that the pecuniary returns of agriculture judiciously conducted add as much or more to the aggregate of human happiness as the larger results of some other -occupations. - The Supreme Pursuit The writer can by no means admit that the acquisition of great riches should be the supreme object of pureuit. '. Indeed, such a view is degrading to true manhood. Man was made a little lower than the angels, and it is unworthy of him to labor for that which satisfieth not as the supreme end of hisr existence. But it must in candor be said that if wealth alone be the end sought, there may be a shorter road to it than by way of the farm." " " . . - But one thing seems certain,, a competent farmer aided by a good wife", and the necessary capital, has an excellent prospect of financial success. : 'i - LLEWELLIN. Independent Americans Celebrate Exercises of a semi-religious nature were held at a local theatre, yesterday afternoon, in celebration of the first anniversary of the Independent Order of Americans, which organization was created from the Councils forming- what : was known as the "insurgent" faction of the Junior Order United American Mechanics. Former Common Councilman Harry J. Stone presided over the meeting, and delivered an address on the objects of the order. State Council Secretary William A. Pike spoke on "Our Order,'' and Edward Wilson also made an - address. Charles Emorv-Smith spoke on "The True Citizen and Patriot." More than a thousand members of the fraternity attended the meeting. Ventilating Bakery lnc ripening 1 1 roomjwhere the bread is set to rise, does not vary a degree winter and summer. 4 Even t h e baking' room, with its long rows 'of ovens, is so regulated.. Such is the equipment of Kolb's Bakery. It makes Kolb's bread costly bread to bake. ! But italso makes Kolb7s ; bread the best bread that can be baked. Yet the "price of Kolb's is no higher " ' - 5c a loaf ; : If any grocer cannot supply you, drop apoW tal to " yy: - i C&Vb' & 1 : Downtown Bakery: 10th and Reed Uptown Bakery: Broad and Butler Both bakeries open to inspection, day or night EYERY FAMILY SHOULD HAVE! ONE OP OUR ':-y:X Paper Cutters ' . Equipped vith a roll of the BEST MANILA PAPER Price complete - $3.00 Ellsworth EL Hulls, Jr. 27 N. 61h St.. Phiia. ! 5nl 'I HQ

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